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be established as provisional until they had ), Everything, whether mind or matter, however the man whose ambition grasps hemispheres time to prescribe better ones. The President, ' large or small, should stand on a square and and would induce him to desire the luxury of with a dogmatism and determination which firm foundation. Place it upon its apex, and millious. well became a tyrant, commanded the old States it will topple down. Its frequent vibrations But let the latter be tempted by the auri to revive and be again represented as live bodies and jarrings will so loosen its hold on gravi sacra fames which would measure his capacity in the Government of the nation. If this usurpa- tation as to make it liable to be more easily with the lighter one of his neighbor, and why tion be not a bigti official misdemeanor, then overthrown in violent convulsion. Human would be not yield ? Has he ever resisted from the putting of a crown upon his head would virtue is believed to be so firm in most minds the time of the progeny of the Ptolomies--io have been an innocent amusement in Andrew as not to be easily assailed. Human virtue is the mean traitor who sold American liberty Johnson; then the seizure of the property of believed to be the great foundation of human for a paltry sum, though fortunately for the his subjects and making it all subject to his excellence and human glory. Monuments of world he failed to make delivery. Indeed, I good will, pleasure, and disposition would be art are raised to celebrate the glory of virtue am not sure that the less cultivated mind, who no crime. That he did all this requires no and truth, as if material monuments were to sails lower in his sphere of hopes and desires, other proof than his own official records; and endure sufficiently long to be worth seeking: may not be harder to mislead from the path had I been conducting this prosecution on the And yet scarcely a generation shall have passed of virtue, so far as corrupt argument is conoccasion referred to, when I had shown this away till you hear the vanity of their short- cerned, than the ripe scholar who has spent usurpation and this abstraction, through par- ness deplored. The most costly and solid his time in perusing the works of philosophers. doned rebel friends, of the billions of the public monuments of brass or marble, erected to the The latter have learned to measure glory and money, I would have stopped and asked the achievements of heroes and statesmen, in a worldly good by the splendor of its carthly Congress either to appoint a new trustee for few short years become the subject of the light, and they will not be as likely to be the nation or to become the slaves of a single search of antiquaries, and their mutilated legs || shocked by the mere upbraidings of conscience man and change their whole form of govern- and arms and extracted eyes are scattered as those who have learned their principles by ment from republicanism to tyranuy,

curiosities to enrich the museums of the world. implicit reliance on the teachings of the ScripWe will now briefly consider a few more This serves to illustrate not the worthlessness tures and are more likely to be startled by a things connected with the additional articles. of virtue, but the folly of attempting to perpet- | proposed departure from them. Nor, supWe have already partially discussed the first uate its memory by mere material memorials. posing the temptation to be increased in pro. additional article. We will add a little more, How many fragments of monuments strew the portion, do I believe that any of the finer and refer to the second, under which we had grounds of Palmyra without their indicating qualifications of the human heart are a protecintended to insert the evidence in the body of their original purpose. Enter the ever-glowing tion against such corruption unless it has been these remarks, but I have concluded to pub- tombs of Egypt, cut from the solid rock, and touched by the coal of regeneration from the lish it as an appendix, lest the same should painted with colors that never fade, and you burning altar of the living God. We have become too tedious.

will ask yourself in vain whose exploits and seen Lord Bacon, who, in everything but vir It is not necessary again to refer to the cases virtue do they commemorate? It is, there- tue, stood next to the angels, behold with cold of General McEwen, Colonel Montgomery, and fore, but little wonder that men in the present || indifference the corrupt and corrupting suitor the pardoned soldiers. These were cases of and other generations should set such little fastening bags of gold to his horse's crupper. clear official misdemeanor, which appeared tov value on the passing judgment of the age, or Beyond this buman audacity could not soar; brightly in the sunshine of truth to blind any should endeavor to enjoy the benefits of their lower than this human depravity could not but that bird of wisdom that sends forth his acts in present riches, however obtained, while | sink. The most austere appearances, the most beautiful words by night.

they are yet in the way with them. Nor is it. sedate and virtuous demeanor, even the most Nor need we recapitulate the conclusive evi- wonderful that men of the meanest intellect repulsive austerity, is no sure indication of dence of the shameless corruption as given by and meanest aspirations are no more easily the intellectual man. Colonel Selfridge. If an officer could be cor- open to the influence of corruption than the I can recollect but two men whom I deem rupt to the core, and abuse all the trusts con- man of the loftiest position and most cultivated | absolutely impenetrable to temptation, he of fided to him, it was the man who made such intellect. Hence many men have come to the Athens and He of Bethlehem. The counselor shameful propositions to the gallant colonel. conclusion that no republican government is who gives the chief suggestions to our acquitted His own Cabinet minister has testified in seem- above the influences of corruption, if the means President did not deem the latter above coring ignorance of its enormity of the causes for that command it in patronage, honor, or gold, ruption. He took him to the top of the highest wbich he was compelled to remove from ofhce shall be sufficiently large, nor, with the excep- mountain and offered him all the kingdoms and make appointments.

tion of this great and pure Republic, without of the earth to bow down and worship him. Hon. Alexander W. Randall, Postmaster seeing any fact to justify it, but from pure Here was enough 6 landed estates

to have General, testifies that up to the period he gave theory and reflection I have been driven to the tempted the land-loving “high court of imhis evidence, a short time after the President's same conclusion.

peachment of the House of Lords.'' apostasy, there were removed from office, in I do not know that it is wise to ask for a vote To what a pitch of fame would our Repubhis Department, the number of sixteen hun. upon this resolution ; for, after mature reflec- lic bave been raised if could have been heard dred and four, of whom twelve hundred and tion and thorough examination of ancient and | issuing from the lips of the most astute, eloeighty.three were removed for political reasons modern history, I have come to the fixed con- quent, highly cultivated, and austere of our alone. He explains what he means by polit-clusion that neither in Europe nor America court of impeachment, in concert with the great ical reasons, that the persons should abandon will the Chief Executive of a nation be again | tempted Divine, the rebuke, “ Get thee behind their honest principles and adopt those they removed by peaceful means. If he retains the me, Satan!” But, no; the sun of our glory is did not approve of, ordered by the President. money and the patronage of the Government wading through watery clouds and the murky All of his removals and appointments were it will be found, as it has been found, stronger atmosphere of doubt and distrust. conducted upon this system.

than the law and impenetrable to the spear of I had spoken before of the different kind of If that number of victims were assailed and justice. If tyranny becomes intolerable, the persons open to seduction; I would not do prepared for corruption in one of not the most only resource will be found in the dagger of injustice to the inambitious. Indeed, I am important Department of the Government, Brutus. God grant that it may never be used. not sure that the man of modest pretensions within so short a period after the apostasy, how Look at Themistocles and Alcibiades, who, || and moderate acquirements is not less liable many similar cases in other branches of the after having rendered illustrious service to to yield to corruption, especially when conGovernment felt the effect of this corrupting their country, touched the riches of Persia and science is relied upon as a monitor, than the policy? The Treasury contains (?) several the gold of the Great King. Even be who so man of highly cultivated, intellectual, and times more officers than the Post Office De sternly wept by unconquered Salamis was not lofty aspirations. Tbe one places faith in the partment, and of ten times more value.

proof against the temptations of gold. solemn teachings of the Scriptures, while the afraid, without authentic information, to state This may seem to be the argument of spleen, other relies on his own strong reason and his the number; they, however, amount to tens of emitted by disappointment at recent events;

cultivated intellect. thousands. How many honest men were hurled but I disclaim any reference to those events, The one is startled with a violation of the from appointments? How many poor women nor do I intend that they shall be made to teaching of his sacred Master, while the other and children were reduced to suffering by this apply to any fact or individual connected with views them with more reasoning equality, political Nero because they would not swallow recent transactions. True, I cannot deny that while gold is of more value to the philosopher the wormwood and the gall of moral apostasy ? certain modern events have attracted my atten- than to the more moderate plebeian, and it God knows that there were vast numbers who tion and made me more deeply reflect upon the takes more to satisfy his wants, and more to fell because they believed they could not with- | possibilities of the human heart, from which satisfy his doubts as to the flames of future stand the command without producing suffer| reasoning I have been led to conclude that the torments than it does those of the implicit ing upon those dependent upon them. They | loftiest intellect

, the most cultivated mind, and believer. Besides, how much more desirable were to be pitiedl Were not these things high the most aspiring ambition is just as liable to it is to win the man of celebrity, so that he misdemeanors ? Shame on the caitiff who be purchased with gold as the most moderate || will cover the acts of others and give character denies it!

intellect and the most limited personal ambi- to the transaction. Hence, I have come to The testimony of the Senators from Colorado tion, when the amount of the corrupting influ- the conclusion that the well-furnished mind, goes to show with what facility the President ence tendered to each shall be in proportion to the cultivated intellect, may be the nest of would lead men to perjury for his own vile their high intellectual qualities. The man of malignity, corruption, and depravity, as well purposes. How, in this corrupt and corrupt. mean ambition and low aspirations may be as less cultivated minds. ing world, are men with human hearts to stand more easily seduced into error by lower mo- I trust that no corruption will ever so infect and not to fall ?

tives and probably by smaller amounts than our public men, and especially our public tri

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bunals, as to taint the holy principles upon which our Government rests. If it should, the grief of the people, the grief of the friends of liberty throughout the world, will be more deeply moved thau when the vail of the temple was rent in twain, and will be more intensely sad than was mourning Athens when they beheld the approach of the fatal vessel from Delos which was to seal the fate of their inspired teacher.

If this Government should learn to punish her delinquent rulers, and never to depart from the principles of the Declaration of Independence, especially from the inalienable rights of life, liberty, and its necessary concomitant-universal suffrage-she never can take a step backward, but will sail forward on a sea of glory into the very marge of that awful gulf which divides time from eternity.

Mr. Speaker, Providence has placed us here in a political Eden. All we have to do is to avoid the forbidden fruit, for we have not yei reached the perfection of justice. While nature has given us every advantage of soil, climate, and geographical position, man still is vile. But such large steps have lately been taken in the true direction, that the patriot has a right to take courage.

My sands are nearly run, and I can only see with the eye of faith. I am fast descending the downhill of life, at the foot of which stands an open grave. But you, sir, are promised length of days and a brilliant career. and your compeers can fling away ambition and realize that every human being, however lowly-born or degraded, by fortune is your equal, that every inalienable right which belongs to you belongs also to him, truth and righteousness will spread over the land, and you will look down from the top of the Rocky mountains upon an empire of one hundred millions of happy people.

Still, we must remember not to place our trust in princes, for we have seen that in the richest heart, the most highly cultivated mind, adorned with every literary grace, keen in argument as the Stagerite, and fortified with an outward shield of bronzed austerity which seemed to forbid the approach of levity or corruption; this richest composition of human mold may be the abode of malignity, avarice, corroding lust, and uncontrollable ambition, as the owl, the prairie dog, and rattlesnake nestle together in loving harmony in the richest soil of the prairie.

I desire that the resolutions shall be postponed until next Monday, as certain gentle. men wish to look at them.

(APPENDIX. Extract from the testimony taken before the Judiciary

Committee of the House of Representatives, second session Thirty-Ninth and second session Fortieth Congre88. Colonel Wood testifies as follows, in a direct interview with the President himself, being the least atrocious of an hundred similar cases :

Question. After that did you apply to the President for any office?

"Ansicer, I did, sir.
"Question. By who were you recommended ?

*Answer. By Colonel Ruel, by Mr. II. F. Cosper, assessor, and several military recommendations.

Question. When did you apply to the President?
Ansicer. On the 20th or 21st of September, 1866.

Question. Did you wait for him to return from his journey to Chicago?

* Ansicer. I did; I arrived in Washington during his western trip.

*Question. State as distinctly as you can the form of conversation and what took place between you and the President.

** Ansiper. I introduced myself and showed my recommendations, and stated my claims for Gorernment employment; that I was a resident of the South, and being a Union man was driven away from the South, and compelled to lose all my property; that I had been in the Army and had a good record, and thought I was entitled to Government employment, as I was poor and out of employment. He looked at two of my recommendations, I think, and glanced at some others, but did not read them, and said my claim was good, or worthy of attention. I do not remember which. He then asked me what position I wanted. I suggested some appointment in the internal revenue department, as I was acquainted with that, and it had been suggested to me by some of my friends in Memphis that I should ask for something of that kind.

Question. Did you suggest to him where?
• Answer. I suggested in Alabama or some part of

the South. He then asked me, I suppose noticing that I was not much of a politician-what my political proclivities were. I told him I was in favor of the present Administration, had always been a loyal man and a Republican, and that I had faith or confidence in our Adininistration, in our present Congress, and in the Chief Executive of the nation. Ic then asked me if I was aware of any differences between himself and Congress, Wishing to make as goud a case as I could, because I wanted the appointment, I said I was aware of some differences on ininor points. He then replied: They are not minor points, sir; and the patronage and influence of these officers must be in my favor;' leaving me to infer, in his favor, as opposed to Congress. As I inferred that I replied that I could not accept an office, and retired."

Testimony of James L. Selfridge. - Question. State your residence? Answer. Bethlehem, Pennsylvania.

*Question. State if you were appointed to any office in the congressional district in which you reside?

“Answer. In the latter part of June, 1865, I was appointed assessor of internal revenue of the eleventh district of Pennsylvania, to fill a vacancy.

"Question. IIow long did you continue to hold that office?

“Arswer. I held it until the 20th of November, 1866.

"Question. State, if you please, whether you hold a commission in the usual form?

Ansicer. Yes, sir; I held a commission from the Secretary of the Treasury until the adjournment of the Senate.

Question. Now state, if you please, whether your name wils sent into the Senate for confirmation ?

* Answer. So far as I know it was not sent in. "Question. Did you bring the matter, at any time during the session of the Senate, to the notice of the Treasury Department?

"Ansiver. I came down here the 5th of June, I think; I do not recollect distinctly whether I saw the Assistant Secretary that day or the next day, the 5th or 6th of June; I called at the Treasury Department with the view of urging him to send my name in.

"Question. You know, then, that it had not been sent in.

"Answer. I so understood; I was unable to see the Secretary, and saw Assistant Secretary Chandler, who, after a moment, referred me to the Commissioner of Internal Revenue; he seemed to be aware that my name had not been sent in; Mr. Rollins could not be seen, and I saw Mr. Whitman, the deputy commissioner: I told him that I had been over to the Secretary's office and stated my business there, and they had referred me to the Commissioner's office; I inquired why the name had not been sentin; he replied that Mr. Cowan had charge of the Pennsylvania appointments, and that when Mr. Cowan said the name should go in it would go, and not until then.

"Question. Stato whether you called at any time upon the President himself in regard to it?

Answer. No, sir; I called on Mr.Cowan and stated to him what I learned at the Department. He replied that he supposed that was so. "Question. Did he give you any advice?

Answer. He told me to go home and support the President and his policy and he would attend to the matter; I saw him before the adjournment of Congress, on the 3d day of July, in the city of Philadelphia; he there intimated to me that the name would not be sent in; he told me that if I stopped taking Radical papers and supported the President and his policy the President might reappoint me, but he would appoint no one who took Radical papers.

"Question. You had no conversation with any officers connected with the Treasury Department in regard to the matter after that ?

Answer. I saw the Secretary of the Treasury subsequently, I think, about the 25th or 26th of February. and I inquired of him how the matter was. He said he supposed it was an omission; I told him I knew how it was; that the matter had been left entirely with Mr. Cowan. He made no reply. "Question. Did Mr. Cowan state to you,

as if by authority, what was the President's policy?

"Answer. He stated very emphatically, so far as I was concerned, that unless I stopped taking Radical papers, and supported the President's policy, I would not be reappointed. I held the office after the adjournment of the Senate until Noveinber. I have a letter here from the Fifth Auditor of the Treasury Department, dated May 8, 1867, in which he speaks of ihere having been an omission in sending in my name, and they refused to pay salary and commissions after the adjournment of the Senate. I wrote to him about the matter, and he replied that there seemed to be an omission to send in my name, and that I therefore ceased to be entitled to receive compensation as assessor on the 28th of July, 1866."

Testimony of John Evans. ::Question. State your residence. " Answer. Denver City, Colorado Territory.

"Question. To what position were you elected under the proposed State organization of Colorado?

"Answer. United States Senator.

"Question. Were you in this city about the time of the passage of the bill, during the first session of the Thirty-Ninth Congress, providing for the admission of the State of Colorado into the Union ? "Ansicer, I was.

Question. State whether you had any interviews with the President of the United States after the passage of that bill, in reference to the same?

“Answer. I had.

"Question. Were you invited to any such interviews?

“Answer. I was, by an anonymous note. "Question. Ilave you the note, and if so produce it?

"Ansider. Supposing it would be called for I brought it along, and present the original note.

Question. Please read it.

Answer. It reads as follows: 'Mr. Evans will please call at the President's house and see Mr. Edward Cooper, Monday.'

"Question. Do you kuow in whose handwriting this note is?

"Answer. I do not.
"Question. By whom was it delivered to you?

“Answer. It was left in my box at the hotel post office, National Ilotel.

"Question. State whether in response to that noto you called upon Mr. Edward Cooper?

"Answer. I did.

"Question. What position was Mr. Cooper occupying at that time?

Ansicer. I understood him to be the Private Secretary of the President.

"Question. Please state what transpired at tbat interview between you and Mr. Cooper?

"Answer. We had a long interview in regard to the political situation, and in regard to the probability of the President signing the Colorado bill.

"Questinn, Statesubstantially in detail what transpired during that interview?

Answer. It would be difficult at this late period to detail all the conversation that passed between us. The substanee of it was that it was Mr. Cooper's impression that if Mr. Chaffee and I would sustain the President's policy he would not veto the Colorado bill.

Question. Did he pretend to speak by authority?

Answer. I think that, although his general conversation would indicate that he did, he in terms disclaimed speaking by authority. He said the matter was in our hands, and that it was for us to say.

· Question. Meaning thereby tbat the approval or disapproval of that bill was in your hands?

"Answer. That is what I understood him to mean. "Question. After that interview with Mr. Cooper did you have an interview with the President the same day?

* Ansioer. We did immediately following on the samo night.

Question. Did Mr. Cooper go in with you?

*Answer. No, sir; he proposed that wo should go in and see the President.

Question. State as much as possible in detail the conversation that occurred between you and Mr. Cooper, and between you and the President?

Answer. Previous to our interview with the President we were invited into a private room by Mr. Cooper, who said he desired to talk with us in regard to the Colorado question. After a resume of tho present political situation he said it was of vital importance for us to be friends of the President and his plan of restoration ; said there would be no trouble about our bill if we would give our adherence to ibe President's policy; that believing, as the President did, tbat the future welfare and harmony of tho country depended upon sustaining him, and against Congress, it would not be expedient in him. the Pres. ident, to admit us to fix a ruling power over him iu the Senate; that there was no constitutional reason or precedent upon which to veto-it was merely a question of expediency-and added, 'It is for you, gentlemen, to decide.' He said a great deal else of this import, to all of which we answered and stated that we had no personal hostility to the President; would be glad to see harmony, and hoped a moro perfect understanding between the President and Congress would yet harmonize them; and that some plan would yet be agreed upon that would restoro the union of all the States, so that loyalty could be encouraged and protected in the late rebel States: that one of us (Mr. Chaffee) had voted for bim, the President, in the Baltimoroconvention; and that wo should sustain him, so far as we could, in justice to our views upon the great national question of reconstruction. He then asked us to go in and see the President, which we did. The President metus very cordially; went over his whole plan in detail since bis inauguration; said that our bill placed him in a rather awkward position; that he felt the necessity of carrying out his policy as the only one to restoro the Union; that the Radicals in Congress, if allowed to succeed, would disrupt and destroy the Govern ment. He characterized the leading men as actuated only by a desire to prolong themselves in power, and said he did not deem it expedient or in consonanco with the future welfare of the Union to admit two more into the Senate to carry out their schemes; that he felt friendly to the West, and desired to do right, &c. To all of which we answered that we thought him mistaken about the animus and object of the majority in Congress; that we believed they, as well as himself, were actuated by patriotic motives; that we felt it to be our duty to be free to act as we thought best in our judgment, after taking the oath to support the Constitution of the United States; that we could have no object in this exigency but to act in a way that would restore the country upon just basis, so that tho rights of all would be guarantied : that wo should have sustained the civil rights bill, if we could have voted upon it; that we yery much desired the admission of Colorado, and hoped he would approve the measure, &c. I further stated to bim that I had been a Republican since the organization of that party. After we left him, Mr. Cooper beld another private interview with us, in which he requested us to put our views in writing for bim, not to be used, as near and as favorable as we could consistently with the President's policy, to think of it over night, and to see him again at nine o'clock in the morning. During this interview he left us and we went in to see the President, and after returning he made this request for us to put our views in writing. We called in the morning, separately and without consultation with each other, and declined, stating that we had said and done all that we could, and would have to submit to what the Presidout saw fit to do in the premises."

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Testimony of Hon. James Harlan. “Question. State what you know, if anything, in regard to the issue of agricultural college scrip, uuder the act of 1862, to any ofthe States lately in rebellion against the Government.

Ansicer. Some time during the summer of 1866, a gentleman appeared in the Interior Department representing himself to be the agent of the State of North Carolina, and made a demand for the agricultural college scrip to which that State was entitled. His request was submitted by me, as Secrctary of the Interior, to the President at a Cabinet mecting, and I received the directions of the President to cause the scrip to be issued to that State, and I gave the necessary directions to the Cominissioner of the Land Office. I do not remember the actual issue of any scrip, or countersigning any scrip; it may have been countersigned by me as Secretary of the Interior before I left.

Question. Was the subject discussed in the Cabinet meeting to which you refer?

Answer. Yes, it was talked over as such questions were usually talked over; not in a formal way.

* Question. Was there any question mado, or any diversity of opinion expressed on the subject by meinbers of the Cabinet, or did you yourself' suggest any objections to the issue?

· Answer. I think the question of the right of the Stata to the scrip at the time was talked over. It was, however, the settled policy of the President to permit ench of these States to receive and enjoy all the rights and privileges of any other State in the Union, on the ground that they had been fully restored to the Union. There were members of the Cabinet who dissented from the theory; but, with the concurrence of the majority and the President, it was acted upon as a setiled question." Testimony of E. A. Rollins, Commissioner of Internal

Revenue. "Question. Stato whether or not the executive removals made in the year 1866 in the internal revenue department were beneficial to the revenue service.

Answer. I did not thon, nor do I now, regard them

Question. As far as you know, were the persons removed charged with incapacity or dishonesty in the performance of their duties?

· Answer. In but very few instances.

Question. You stated that the removals were injurious to the revenue service. Have you made any estimate or have you any opinion of the extent of the injury to the revenue service growing out of these removals?

"Answer. I have made no estimate; it was from a variety of causes. Themere changing of experienced for inexperienced officers gave better opportunity for fraud upon such officers by experienced, designing tax payers. I have no doubt that the loss to the revenue was many million dollars.

*Question. Have you any means of saying whether the loss was five, ten, or twenty million dollars?

Anwuer. I have not. This must be a matter of estimate rather than of calculation. There can be but little actual, reliable data, except what comes out of the nature of the cases and the character of the several officers removed and appointed.

Question. Aside from the elements of experience, were the men appointed, in the qualities which public officers ought to possess, equal to those who were removed, considered as a body?

Answer. I do not so regard them.

Question. Do you trace any difficulties in collecting revenue on distilled spirits to the changes made in the year 1866 ?

“Answer. I do. I suggested in a previous angwer that there was better opportunity for fraud upon inexperienced officers. Designing distillers and rectifiers were actually encouraged to combine for purposes of fraud.

· Question. Are there men in the revenue service whom you should have removed upon public grounds if the power of removal had been vested in you solely?

"Anster. There are.

"Question. Why have those persons not been removed ?

"Answer. Because I had not the power to removo them?

Question. What have you done, if anything, for the purpose of obtaining their removal by the agency of the Secretary of the Treasury or of the President, or of both?

"Answer. I have had no conference with, nor have I made a communication directly to the President since the spring or early summer of 1866. To the Secretary I have, from time to time, expressed my opinion-unfavorable opinion--of some assessors and collectors, but made no formal communication until recently. I have filed with him, I believe, no distinct charges, based upon evidence received by me concerning the assessors and collectors of whom I had had an unfavorable opinion and whose removal I believed would be of advantage.

"Question. Why have you not recommended the removal of these persons?

** Answer. I have done so informally, but not formally, because I have supposed that my opinion would not receive much credit with the President. I have not formally done so until recently."

Testimony of Matthew McEroen. Question. What was your rank in the Army, and where were you stationed ?

" Ansicer. I was surgeon in the Army. My brevet rank is brigadier general. In the early part of the war I was in charge of the United States general hospital in the valley of the Kanawha. I was afterward Assigned to the second cavalry division as surgcon. I Was surgeon-in-chief of the brigade, of the division,

and of the corps for a short time. I resided before "Question. When you received that order from the war in Charlestown, West Virginia.

Thomas B. Florence, did you pay him any money Question. As such surgeon, did you become ac- therefor, as a reward for his services ? quainted with the fact that there was a large number "Answer. I did. of deserters from the Army?

" Question. How much?
Answer. Yes, sir. I knew quite a number who Answer. I paid bim $1,000.
were marked deserters, in our command especially. Question. In what form?

· Question. State whether, after you were discharged * Answer. In ten dollar potes.
from the Army, you conceived the idea of attempting Question. Did you take any receipt?
to get those desertors, or any of them restored ?

Answer. I did not.
Ansioer. I did.

"Question. Do you know any other matter or thing. · Question. Did you make up a list of mon to make in relation to these men, which the committee ought application to have them restored ?

to know? Answer. I did.

"Ansurer. I do not know of anything else. I think : Question. How many names did that list contain ? I have told all."'] Ansicer. One hundred and ninety-three, I think. "Question. What was your motive in getting these

Mr. HOLMAN. I move that the resolumen pardoned? "Angioer. I expected to be paid for it, of course: I demand the year and nays.

tions be laid upon the table, and on that motion have been acting as claim agent for tho soldiers of our division.

The yeas and nays were not ordered. · Question. Having this list, state whether you conceived the design of applying to anybody to get polit- | modify my motion and say Monday two weeks.

Mr. STEVENS, of Pennsylvania. I will ical influence for that purpose?

Answer. I did; I applied to Mr. Andrews, of Mr. HOLMAN. I insist on my motion to Berkeley county, the editor of the Era, who was then lay upon the table. & candidate for Congress in opposition to Mr. The House divided ; and there were-ayes Kitchen, the present member of that district. I applied to him through his son, the father being then 24, noes 60; no quorum voting. absent canvassing.

Mr. HOLMAN. I withdraw my motion. · Question. What was the message that you sent by the son to the father?

Mr. STEVENS, of Pennsylvania. I now “ Answer. That the restoration of those men would move that the further consideration of the sub. be of great importance to bin in his election. Thatject be postponed until Monday two weeks. was the subject we had in discussion.

The motion was agreed to.
Question. Did you receive an answer to that mes-

Mr. WILLIAMS, of Pennsylvania. Mr.
Anncer. I did, in the form of a letter to the Presi-
dent of the Unitod States by Mr. Andrews. I think Speaker, as this question now seems to be
I have a copy of the letter; and if so, I will furnish reopened, I desire to submit a series of addi.
it to the committee. It stated that it would be a tional articles involving the higher political
matter of great political importance to have those
men restored ; that they nearly all resided in his

crimes. They are as follows: congressional district, and that the majority of them Resolved. That the following additional articles be would vote the Democratic ticket. I received this exhibited by the House of Representatives against letter three or four days after I had sent the message Andrew Johnson, President of the United States, in by the son. Two or three telegraphic dispatches had further maintenance and support of their impeachpassed between us. The son named a time when the ment against him for high crimes and misdemeanors: father would be at home. I went to see him, but he was not at hoine, and the son furnished me with this

ARTICLE I. letter.

That the said Andrew Johnson, President of the Question. What did you do with the letter? United States, not regarding the proper limitation

Ansicer. I guve it, with the list, to Thomas B. l of his powers as such othcor under the Constitution Florence.

and laws thereof, but contriving and intending by * Question. How was this list headed ?

means and under color of the authority vested in " Answer. List of deserters; giving regiments and him as the chief executive officer of this Governcompanies. My impression is that the original list ment, and Commander-in-Chief of its armies, to had that heading, but I am not positive.

bring back into the Union the lately revolted States "Question. Do you recollect whether you gave any upon terms and conditions dictated by himself, withother paper to Mr. Florence except Mr. Andrew's out the consent of Congress and in defiance of its letter and this list?

will, did under the false pretense that it was his Answer. I do not think I did, unless it may have right and duty as such Executive under the Constibeen some short statement of my own; but I do not tution to guaranty to every State in this Union & recollect.

republican form of government, heretofore, to wit: "Question. What did you tell Mr. Florence that you on the -- day of -1865, and at divers other days dosired to have done with the letter and list?

and times, unlawfully usurp and exercise powers and
"Answer. I wished him to get those men relieved fanctions belonging only to the Congress, by issuing
of the charge of desertion, which would place them proclamations, of bis own authority, setting up new
on the rolls again. He said he would attend to it. I governments in sundry of the said revolted States,
think I saw him again about two days after that. He placing over them in the quality of provisional gor-
said that the application looked very favorable, and ernors, which was an office unknown to the law, men
that he thought it probable the men would be re- of his own appointment, who were disqualified under
stored. When I called again the second time he the laws of the United States, by reason of their par-
furnished me with the order of restoration. (Wit- ticipation in the rebellion from bolding any civil
ness produces the order removing all pains and pen- office therein, in violation of the Copstitution and the
alties from the men named therein on account of the Jaws thereof: whereby the said Andrew Johnson,
charge of desertion. It is dated Adjutant Gene- President as aforesaid, did then and there comunit,
ral's Office, No mbe 21, 1866,' signed by E. D. and was guilty of a high misdemeanor in ofice.
Townsend, Assistant Adjutant General, and is ad-
dressed to Dr. M. McEwen, care of Hon, T. B.

Florence, Washington, District of Columbia.' The

That the said Andrew Johnson, President of the order and envelope in wbich it was inclosed are

United States, in contempt of the authority of Conattached to the testimony, marked Exhibit B.] gress and of the laws passed thereby, and in order to "Question. As to how many on that list did you, of

the carrying out of the policy of reconstruction indiyour own knowledge, know anything of the merits cated in sundry proclamations issued by him for that of their application ?

purpose, without the aid of Congress, did pay and ** Answer. I was personally acquainted with nearly direct the payment of salaries to W.W. Holden, B.F. all the cavalry men.

Perry, James Johnson, Lewis E. Parsons, and William "Question. As to how many of them had you any

Marvin, provisional governors unlawfully appointed written evidence of the merits of their application ?

by him over the States of North Carolina, South "Answer. I had no evidence at all from their offi

Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, and Florida, at rates

fixed by himself, out of the contingent fund of the "Question. Did you filo any evidence in the War

War Department, though well

knowing that thesaid Department?

provisional governors were officers unknown to the “Answer. I did not. There were no papers filed

Constitution and laws of the United States, and were except what I have already stated. I am satisfied

disqualified by their participation in the rebellion that no one had anything to do with the application

from taking the oath of office required in all cases, but myself.

and did not take the same:

thereby disregarding and

violating the provisions of the acts of Congress of "Question. How long prior to the election did you

the 2d of July, 1862, and 9th February, 1863, and misget the order restoring these men ?

applying and misusing the moneys appropriated by "Ansioer. A very few days; not over three or four. Question. As claim agent, what did you suppose

law to the proper and legitimate uses of the said

Department; and this for the purpose of enabling would be the amount of penalties and forfeitures that would be lost to toose men in case they were not

him to dispense with the coöperation of Congress in

and about the premises, and in violation of his bighi restored, and that would come to them in case they

trust as chief of the executive department of this were restored ?

Government: whereby the said Andrew Johnson, "Answer. Some ran as high as $600, and others not President as aforesaid, did commit and was guilty of over $100. Taking them altogether I suppose the

a high misdemeanor in office.
aggregate amount might be safely put at $75,000.
Question. How inuch were you to have as claim

agent in case they were restored ?

That in like contempt of the Constitution of the "Answer. Those with whom I had my understand- United States, the said Andrew Jobnson, President ing were to give me one half. With many of them I of the United States, in order to pay the expenses of have had no understanding at all,

the provisional governments unlawfully set up by "Question. With how many had you such under- him within the said revolted States, in the absence standing?

of any means supplied by Congress for that purpose, "Ansicer. With nearly all the cavalry men. and for the purpose of raising money therefor, without

Question. You had no understanding with the its authority or consent, did authorize his pretended infantry men.

governors, or some of them, to seize and appropriAnswer. No, sir; there has been nothing done ate for that use a portion of the property late of the with any of them.

rebel confederate and State governments within


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their respective territories and jurisdiction, which had become by reason of thcoverthrow of those governinents the property of the United States, and also to tax the people of the said States for the same purposu iu violation of the provisions of the Constitution of the United States, which give to Congress alone the power to levy taxes and dispose of thc public property of the United States; whereby the said Andrew Johnson, Presidont as aforesaid. did then and there comiuit and was guilty of a high misdemeanor in otice.

ARTICLE IV. That the said Andrew Johnson, President of the United States, iu like contempt of the Constirution and laws theref did, on or about the day of 1865, without the authority or consent of Congress, surrender and turn over to the provisional governiment established by bim for the State of North Carolma. a large amount of real estate at Greenville, in suid State, consisting of buildings crected during the rebelliou for the manfacture of arms, on lands donited for that oluject, and of the appraised value of $33,918 78, and this for the purpose of paying in part the expenses of his saiil government and to enable him to maintain the same without the consent or cooperation of Congress; whereby the said Aurew Johnson, President as aforesai, did then and there commit and was guilty of a high misdemeanor in otice.

ARTICLE V. That the said Andrew Jubinson, President of the Uuiict Statey, in like contempt of the Constirution and laws and of the authority of Congress, and with a view to the maintenance and recognition of the government established by bim in the State of North Carolin:1, and in pursuance of a sciiled purpose on his part to permit cich of the rober states to rcccire and enjoy all the rights and privileges of any other States in the U: 1on, on tho ground that they had been fu.ly restored by bim, and in dcfiance of the kuown will of Congress in the premises, did, on the - dny oj ---, 180-, order and direct the Seerotary of the Interior to issue to the said government as ono of the United States, a large amount of land serip, under the pretendet authority of an act of Congress passed during the rebellion, and authorizing the distribution thereof among the Siates for agri-ultural purposes, and in fraud of the said act, and of the true intent of Congress therein ; wherehy the said Andrew Johnson, President as aforesaid, did then and there commit and was guilty of a bigb misdemeanor in ofiice.

ARTICLE VI. That the said Andrew Johnson, President of the United States, in like contempt of the Constitution and the laws thereof, did on or about the -- day of - 1865, without the authority or consent of Congress, and without any consideration whatever, surrender and deliver over to the rebel stockholders and owners of railroads within the revolted States, which were capturel in the war wized by them against the Goverument of the United States, the ro:ds so captured, on which very large sums of money had been expended by the said Government, together with the rolling stock :nd machinery belonging to the same-the whole being of the value of inany million dollars; and did also surrender and deliver over to the same parties one or more railroads constructed by the so-called contexerite government for the purposes of the War, and one or more railroads constructed at great expense by the Government of the United States itself, in violation of the provisions of the Constitution of the United States; whereby the said Andrew Johnson, President as aforesaid, did then and there commit and was guilty of a high inisdemcunor in udlice.

ARTICLE VII. That the said Andrew Johnson, President of the tuited States, in like contempt of the Constitution aud the laws thereof, did, on or about the - day ot -, 1865, and at other times, without the authority or consent of Congress, sell and transfer to the disloyill stockholders of rairoad companies within the rebel States, at a private valuation, ou a long credit, and without any aucquate security, a large amount of railroid rolling stock and machinery belonging to the Government of the United States, of the value of many millions of dollars; and did also, after repeated willful defaults on the part of the purchasers thereof, pos pone the debt due to the Government therefor, ibich has never yet been paid, in order to enable them to satisfy the claims of other creditory, including long arrears of interest on a large amount of bonds of the said companies, of which tho said Andrew Johnson was himself a large bolder at the time, in violation of the Constitution of the United States and of his duty as President, and in fraud of the said Government; whereby the said Andrew Johnson, President as aforesaid, did then and there con mit und was guilty of a high misdemeanor in office.

ARTICLE VIII. That the said Andrew Johnson, President of the United States, in like contempt of the Constitution and the laws thereof, did, on or about the day of

1865, and at divers other days and times, order to be surrendered, and did surrender and deliver up, without equivalent, and under the pretense that he bad authority so to do by virtue of the pardoning power vested in him by the Constitution, to the original rebel proprietors a large amount of real estate,comprising among others about one hundred and twelve tracts or parcels of land within the State of Virginia alone, which had been duly libelled and condemned by judgment of the courts for the treason of the said proprietors, in pursuance of law, and bad thereby become expressly vested in the Government of the United States for the use thereof; whereby tho said Andrew Johnson, President as aforesaid, did

40TH Cong. 2D SESS.No. 238.

then and there commit and was guilty of a high misdemcanor in oflice.

ARTICLE IX. That the said Andrew Johnson, President of the United States, in like contempt of the Constitution and laws, did, on or about the - day of —, 1805. and at other times, without the authority or consent of Congress, and in plain violation of law, not only restore to rebel owners large amounts of cotton and other abandoned vroperty that had been seized by the agents of the Treasury, under and in copførinity with the law in that case provided, but did pay and order to be pirid back to the rebel claimants the procecds of actual sales thereot' to a very large amount of money, at his own mere will and pleasure and in utter defiance of the act of Congress of directing the same to be paid into the Treasury, and referring the parties aggrieved for remedy to the courts; whereby the said Andrew Joluson, Presidentas aforesaid, diil then and there commit and was guilty of a bigb misdemeanor in ofice.

ARTICLE X. That the said Andrew Johnson, President of the United States, in like contempt of the Constitution, did, on the day of —, 1805, and at divers other days and lines, unlawfully abuse and misuse tho priloning power bowed on him thereby, to the great detriment of the publie, by releasing the most actise and formidable of the leaders of the rebellion, for the purpo c of securing their services in aid of his planrif reconstruction by Executive authority, and further, by substantially delegating the faine to one or more of liis provisional governors by pledging hinsell to pardon all such persons as they mighi recommend for that purpose; whereby the said Andrew Johnson. President as foresaid. did theu amd tuere coinwit and was guilty of a bigha misdemeilor in ofiice.

ARTICLE XI. That the said Andrew Jolinson, President of the United States, in like contempt of his obligation under the Constitution to soe that the laws were faithfully executed, did not only refuse to enforce the laws passed by Congress for the suppression of the rebellion, and the punishment of those who gave it comfort and support, by directing proccedings against them and their property, but did absolutely obstruct the course of public justice by prohibiting the institution of legal proceedings for that parpose, and, where already commenced, by staying the samne indefinitely or ordering absolutely the discontipunce tbercof; and, in pursuance of a general policy adopted by him to th:it effect did, among other things, on or about the day of — 1867, uut only release from imprisonment is certain Clement C. Olay, then a State prisoner, charged among other things, with treason. with complicity in the murder of Mr. Lincoln, and with organizing bands of pirates, robbers, and murderers in Canada to burn the cities and ravage the coloruercial coasis of the United States on the British frontier, but did also torbid his arrest on proceedings instituicd against him for treasonul conspiracy in the stilte of Alabama, and did further order his property, when the suine was scized for confiscation under the lairs of Congress, at the instance of the district attorney of the United States for that district, to be restored; whereby the said Andrew Jobnson, President as aforesaid, did then and there commit and Was guily of a high misdemeanor in vflice.

ARTICLE XII. That the said Andrew Johnson, President of the United States, in like contempt and forgetfulness of bis obligation under the Constitution to see that the laws were faithfully executed, did alter procuring the arrest of Jefferson Davis, under and by virtue of a proclamation, charging him among other things with a violation of the law of war in the inbuman treatment of prisoners and in conniving at and encouraging the issassination of Abraham Lincoln, and offering in reward of $100,000 for bis capture, and although the complicity of the said Davis in the said assassination was found by a military commission organized at Washington for the trial of the conspirators against thelife of thesaid Lincoln, and although also an indictment for treason was known to be depending against him in the District of Columbia, did, on the day of ---, 1807, or about that time, surrender the said Davis to the civil authorities in Virginia to answer an indictment there also found against him for high treason, without making any return of the fact that he was held by him to answer for the other crimes aforesaid, and did allow him to go at largo on bail taken from him to answer the said last mentioned indictment, without any dischargo of the said Davis by due process of law from arrest ior the other crimes for which he was so held and without any claim to hold or detain him to auswer therefor: whereby the said Andrew Johnson, President as a foresaid, did then and there commit and was guilty of a biga inisdemeanor.

ARTICLE XIII. That the said Andrew Johnson, President of the United States, in Mke contempt of the Constitution thereof, and for the purpose of carrying out his policy of reconstruction by executive authority, and in pursuance of a public declaration made by him to that effect in a speech delivered by him at St. Louis, has grosely and willfully abused the appointing power conferred on him thereby.

First. In this, that he has removed on system, and to the great damage of the public service, a large number of meritorious public oflicers for no otber reason than because they refused to indorse and support his claim of the right to reorganize and restore the rebel States on conditions of his own, and because they favored the jurisdiction and authority of Congress in the premises.

Second. In this, that he has, in repeated instances, and in pursuauce of the saine object, declined and refused to make nominations at the next ensuing session of the Senate in cases of otlices filled up byliin during the recess, and has continued the persons by whoin the said offices had been so tiles in their public employments after the adjournment of that body: and

Third. In this, that he has reappointed, in repeated instances, after ihe adjournment of the Senate, persons nominated by him to thill body and rejected by it as wmfit for the places for which they had been so nominated:

Whereby the said Andrew Johnson, President as aforesaid, did then and there commit and was guilty of a bigla misuemoauor iu office.

ARTICLE XIV. That the said Andrew Johnson, President of tho United States, in like contempt of the Constitution and the laws thereof, and of his obligation to see that the said laws were faithfully executed did, on the day of ---, 1865, and at divers other times, exercise a dispensing pwer over the act of Congr. ss of July 2. 1862, preseribing a form of oath to be taken by all civil odlicers before entering upon the performaneo of their duties, by commissioning revenue officers, as well as others who were well known by him to be disqualified to take the said oath by reason of their participation in the rebellion, in preference to loyal men, and allowing thein to enier upon and exercise tbe duties al pertaining to their respective ofices, and paying tbom salaries for thir services therein, and this in pursuance of a deliberate purpose enafessed by himself of suspending the execution of the said law, becausc thc sine was not in harmony with his poliey of reconstruction, and in order, as lo falsely pretended, to give to the Congress an opportunity at its next assemblage of revising its policy anri making it conform to his own views, althouzh in point of fact the samewas not communicated to Congress until it was drawn from the said Johnson by a call on the part of the Ilouse of Representatives; wherebrthiesaid Andrew Jolmson, President asaforesaid, died then anal there comunit, and was guilty of a high misdemeanor in ofice.

Mr. WILLIAMS, of Pennsylvania, by unanimous cousent, was then granted leave to print in the Globe as part of the debates, his arglimnent in support of his additional articles of impeachment. [See Appendix.]

CIVIC APPROPRIATION BILL. Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. I ask unanimous consent that an order be made that the amendments of the Senate to House bill No. 818, making appropriations for sendry civil expenses of the Government for the year ending ihe 30th of June. 1809, and for other purposes, may be considered in the House as in Committee of the Whole, under the liveminutes rule for debate pro and con. No objection being made it was so ordered.

LAND BOUNTIES. On motion of Mr. JULIAN, a letter of the Secretary of War, relative to land bounties, wils ordered to be printed, and referred to the Committee on Public Lands.

MESSAGE FROM THE SENATE. A message was received from the Senate, by Mr. Gorham, its Secretary, notifying the House that the Senate insisted upon its amendments to llouse bill No. 603, making appropriations for the legislative, executive, and judicial expenses of the Government for the year ending the 30th of June, 1869, disagreed to the amendmeuts of the House to other amendments of the Senale, agreed to the conference asked for by the House on the disagreeing votes of the two Houses thereon, and had appointed Mr. Morrill of Maine, Mr. Howe, and dir. HENDRICKS inanagers of said conference on its part.

It also announced that the Senate had passed House bill No. 314, to incorporate the Washington Target-Shooting Association in the Distrit of Columbia, with an amendment, in which the concurrence of the House was requested.

It also announced that the Senate bad concurred in the amendment of the House to the amendment of the Senate to House bill No. 869, to prescribe an oath of othice to be taken by persons from whom legal disabilities shall have been removed.

It also announced, in conclusion, that the Senate had passed the following House bill and joint resolutions:

An act (II. R. No. 366) to incorporate the National Hotel Company of Washington city;

A joint resolution (H. R. No. 154) relative to the settlement of the aecounts of certain officers and agents who have disbursed public


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money under the direction of the chief of the and has been in direct hostility to American five million dollars in gold, the greater part of engineers; and

interests, and the friend and ally of our com- which is used to prostrate our own industry. A joint resolution (H. R. No. 324) to extend mercial and industrial rivals and enemies. It The bill proposes, instead of allowing the the time for the completion of the West Wis- has been the means of forcing upon our mar- foreign importer the free use of this large consin railroad.

kets hundreds, and I might say thousands, of capital, as heretofore, that he shall pay sin.

millions of dollars worth of foreign wares, WAREHOUSING SYSTEM, ETC.

ple interest for the use of it; and it ibis prowhich could have been better produced here, vision does not operate to diminish the amount Mr. MORRELL, from the Committee on

and the importation of which diminished to of warehoused goods, the Treasury will be Janufactures, reported a bill (H. R. No.

the extent of their cost in labor the produc- benefited to the extent of a million and a 1369) to modify the warehousing system, and tion of our own people, while taking from quarter to a million and a half dollars per for other purposes; which was read a first and

their decreased earnings the money with which annum, and our home industry relieved from second time. they had to be paid.

just that amount of taxation. If it should The first section of the bill provides that

It is believed that the facts presented in the operate to diminish imports of foreign comupon the entry of any goods, wares, or mer.

report of the committee demonstrate that the peling manufactures we shall have less to pay chandise for warehousing, the owner, importer, entire abolishment of the system would not abroad, and a better market for home prod. consignee, or agent of such goods, wares, or

injure or diminish our commerce with coun- ucts, and more constant employment for ont merchandise shall make a declaration in writ

tries between which and ourselves the trade own people. It is the opinion of ihe coming, verified by oath or affirmation, stating the is reciprocal, and would only affect. trade with mittee, and so expressed in the report, "that kind, description, and quantity of goods, manufacturing nations whose consumption of this boon to foreign cominerce was obtained wares, or merchandise entered ; also signify.

our breadstuffs and other articles of export collusively and given unwittingly. When the ing whether such goods, wares, or merchandise | depends solely on our ability to compete for warehousing laws were passed, Congress could are entered for consumption or exportation, their custom with the cheap labor products of not have conceived that their effect would be and such declaration shall be obligatory upon agricultural Europe. The committee have to furnish gratuitously a capital of over twenty the party entering such goods.

not, however, thought it wise to recomiend million dollars to foreign exporters. The boid The second section provides that upon the our entire abrogation of the system at this time, proposition to give $1,500,000 annually to alien withdrawal of any goods, wares, or merchan

and have reported a bill which will correct interests could not have been entertained a dise for consumption there shall be paid by

some of its evils, and prepare the way for fur: moment. The necessities of the Government, the owner, importer, consignee, or agent of ther modification, or eventual repeal by future and the present stern demands of the people such goods, wares, or merchandise, in addi

legislation, without serious disturbance to the for the most rigid economy, require that this tion to the proper duties and charges, inter. commercial interests of the country. The || thoughtless and unwise concession should be est, at the rate of six per cent. per annum, operations of the bill will be prospective and revoked." upon the whole amount of the duties upon

gradual; it proposes no violent change, and It will, perhaps, be charged that the purpose such goods, wares, or merchandise, from and

can harm no one except the foreigner who has of this bill is to diminish imports. I adınit the after sixty days subsequent to the time of the found in our bonded warehouses an asylum charge and defend the purpose. We want less entry of such goods for warehousing until the

and ambush from which to attack and destroy of the products of foreign labor and more conwithdrawal of the same for consumption. Such rival producers in this country.

stant employment for our own. We want to interest to be paid in the same denomination The first section of the bill provides that the bring the aggregate of our imports below the as duties are payable.

importer or owner of all goods entered for sum of our exports. We have sent abroad The third section authorizes and directs the

warehousing shall declare upon their entry during the eleven months of the fiscal year up Secretary of the Treasury to make such rules

whether they are intended for exportation or to May 31, $64,486,238 in gold, besides à and regulations, not inconsistent with law, as

consumption and shall abide by that declara- shipment, probably, of twice that amount in may be necessary to carry into effect this act ;

tion. With upwards of forty million dollars | the interest-bearing bonds of the Government, and he is further authorized and instructed to

worth of foreign goods constantly impending States, and corporations, in the settlement of cause to be published a monthly schedule or

over our markets the business communities trade balances. statement of all goods, wares, or merchandise

have no present means of ascertaining what I do not know of the exact shipments of gold entered for warehousing, and on hand at the portion ofthis crushing weight may be expected for June, but from unofficial reports judge it end of each month, stating names of owner, to fall, and can make no reliable calculations will be as heavy as in May, when it reached importer, consignee, or agent making entry; in regard to the regular trade supply and de- the enormous amount of $10,068.712, or an also the kind and quantity of goods, wares, or mand. Under the provisions of this section aggregate of over seventy-five million dollars merchandise so entered, and whether for con- the American importing merchant who orders || for the fiscal year ending June 30. The entire sumption or exportation.

goods for his own sales and pays the duty on estimated annual production of the precious The fourth and last section provides that so Their arrival will be protected, and the manu- metals in the United States and Territories is much of all laws as are inconsistent with the facturer will be enabled at all times to know thus swept away, while we are still adding to provisions of this act be, and they are hereby, what amount of competing wares is likely to our foreign indebtedness at the rate of perhaps repealed.

come upon the markets, and can make his | $200,000,000 per annum. Mr. ALLISON. I rise to a point of order. calculations and govern his business accord- We are constantly talking of a return to I understand this to be a bill increasing the ing!y. The second section provides that, in specie payments; and there is scarcely a mem. duties on imports, and therefore it ought to go addition to the duties and charges, interest ber of this House who has not presented a to the Committee of the Whole.

shall be paid upon the duties of all goods en- plan to accomplish that desired en Mr. MORRELL. I do not so understand it. tered for consumption from the date of entry the price of gold continues to advance, and

Mr. ALLISON. The second section pro. until their withdrawal. The other sections rules higher now than three years ago. vides for a rate of interest that shall be paid only provide for carrying the act into effect. The necessities of the country demand some in coin, thus increasing the present duty on The average amount of goods in warehouse practical legislation in the interests of our own imported goods.

during the past year has been about forty-three people, and especially such legislation as will The SPEAKER. The Chair overrules the million dollars, representing over twenty mil- tend to check over importations, employ our point of order. This does not seem to be an lion dollars of unpaid duties.

own labor, and prepare the way to a safe increase of the rate of tariff on any article This sum may be considered in the light of return to specie values. In the absence of a whatever, for the reason that any person who a bonus to the foreigner, to enable him more thorough revision of the revenue laws looking does not see fit to warehouse his goods can effectually to crush the American merchant to greater protection and the suppression of receive them at the custom-house at exactly 1 and manufacturer.

frauds on the Government, the passage of this the rates now prescribed by law; but if they The regular importer and domestic manu. simple and brief bill will do soine good, and I do not go to the custom-house, then six per facturer have to pay the fullcost of their wares trust there will be no opposition to it. cent. duty is to be collected. The Chair does before they can be placed on the market, while I now yield to my colleague, [Mr. Cake.) not think this is an increase of the tariff, be. the foreigner, by the aid of our warehousing Mr. CAKE. Mr. Speaker, as a temporary cause it does not compel anybody to ware- system, can, through his broker or agent, put measure the recommendation of the Commithouse his goods.

his goods on sale by sample while in Govern- tee on Manufactures in relation to the ware. Mr. MORRELL. Mr. Speaker, I do not ment stores, and pay the duty (which is shown housing system is just and proper : but in the propose to discuss the merits of this bill at to represent about one third of their free value) interest of the manufacturers and producers length. The committee in a report, now in from the proceeds of such sale. As most for- of this country the practice of finding free the bands of members, have presented the eign manufactures which go into warehouses storage room for importations that may or may facts and argument which, in their judgment, are sent here by foreign owners to be sold by not remain in the country and pay the duty should insure for it the favorable action of agents or commission men, the business in all ought to be discontinued.' Until this can be this House. It is certainly the highest duty | its magnitude and destructive consequences to done, in addition to interest upon the unpaid of a Government which derives all its powers legitimate trade and production requires and duty, the foreign article should be made to directly from the people, not only to give pro- involves very little invested capital in this pay the same warehouse charges that the tection to person and property, but to guard country, the only actual cash required being | Ainerican prodnction encounters while await. all the rights and interests of the citizens, to loaned by the Government without interest. ing transportation or a market. protect him in his labor and in the rewards | It is incredible that, for more than twenty As a partial measure of justice to the labor of his labor. The warehousing system has years, a system has been permitted to stand of this country the proposition should encoun. from its very inception and introduction here almost unchallenged, which thus supplies to ter no opposition; all the more promptly sbould been fraught with evil to the country. It is ll foreigners a capital of from twenty to twenty- this suggestion be acted upon because the

and yet

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