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as required by this act. They shall receive || and adjoining States were called upon for a such compensation for their services as may be volunteer force to repel it by the President of determined by the Secretary of the Treasury, the United States, assigning the quota to each not exceeding ten dollars per day for each com- State. The President telegraphed and the Secmissioner.

retary of War telegraphed to the Governor of Mr. MAYNARD. It seems to me that in Pennsylvania to raise those troops, and to pay forming this commission one member of the them from the fund of Pennsylvania, and they commission should be an Army officer, for would repay it as soon as they could ascertain reasons that I suppose will be obvious to every the amount. A bill was passed to pay that

amount. They paid the troops from New Mr. GARFIELD. I think that is a good York and West Virginia at the time. They suggestion.

were paid directly by the War Department. Mr. MAYNARD. I would suggest that the The troops from Pennsylvania having been commission should consist of two persons, who paid on the telegram of the President and Secare not citizens of the State of New York, and retary of War, it needed a bill to authorize the that there should be associated with them an United States to refund the money loaned. Army officer of a grade not lower than colonel, The loan had been made from the banks of to be detailed by the Secretary of War. Philadelphia

Mr. KETCHAM. This bill is very similar Mr. SPALDING. What was the amount? to acts heretofore passed in relation to the Mr. SCOFIELD. About seven hundred States of Missouri and West Virginia. It makes thousand dollars, as the gentleman from New no appropriation of money, but simply appoints York has stated. The gentleman asks whether a commission to examine the war claims of the it was an honest claim ? It was not a claim of State of New York.

the State of Pennsylvania. The Governor had Mr. SPALDING. I think the gentleman a telegram from the President and Secretary from Tennessee [Mr. MAYNARD] had better of War to raise the troops, and the banks of waive his point. The bill is very well guarded, Philadelpbia advanced the money. They said indeed.

they would pay it as soon as they obtained the Mr. MAYNARD. It is very obvious that necessary appropriation. an Army officer would bring to bear upon the Mr. MAYNARD. There seems to be a question information that other persons would play upon terms. It is denied it was a claim. not possess.

Mr. SCOFIELD. It was a debt contracted Mr. SPALDING. The report is to be made by the United States and not a claim, and an to Congress.

appropriation was needed to pay it. Mr. MAYNARD. The Army officer would Mr. CULLOM. I ask whether there is not have the greater part of the information pos- a law upon the statute-book for the settlement sessed by the commission; and then, so far as of these claims? There is such a statute for my acquaintance with the Army goes, their the settlement of such claims growing out of education has made them fair men, honest toward the Government and toward the citizen. Mr. SCOFIELD. I know we have such a I should much prefer to see the commission law, but that does not compel any one to bring organized in this way.

in their claims. Here we are going to send Mr. GARFIELD. I move there be added out a commission to wander over the State one officer of the Army on the retired list, so New York to see whether they cannot find as not to take any out of active service, not some one who has a forgotten claim. below the grade of colonel.

Mr. KECTHAM. My friend misunderstands Mr. MAYNARD. I accept that; but I the object of this bill. should think two were enough.

Mr. SCOFIELD. I rise to a point of order. Mr. GARFIELD. Let it be, then, one of When the gentleman gets through his hour, or whom shall be an officer of the Army on the the length of time he chooses to occupy, if retired list.

there should not happen to be a quorum present, Mr. SCOFIELD. I do not wish to see this I desire to know whether I cannot get a chance bill pass without knowing there is some neces- to say something more. I want the gentleman sity for it. The gentleman from New York, to know that he need not be so rough to me. who has it in charge, says it costs nothing. He should allow me a little courtesy, because I

Mr. KETCHAM. it authorizes the ap- may be able to take some advantage of his dis. pointment of a commission to examine what courtesy if a quorum should not be present claims there are of New York and to report when the bill comes to be acted upon. the results of their examination.

Mr. SPALDING. I desire to know if the Mr. SCOFIELD. While the gentleman says Committee on Military Affairs recommend this it costs nothing, it is to appoint a commission bill. to go into New York to see whether they can Mr. KETCHAM. They do, unanimously, find some one to make a claim against the Mr. CULLOM. I wish to inquire whether Government.

the object of this bill is not to allow the GovMr. KETCHAM rose.

ernment of the United States to settle the Mr. SCOFIELD. Let me finish my sentence. claims that the State of New York presents to It is an inquisition for claims, as I understand the Government on account of war expenses. it. We are not satisfied with the claims sent Mr. KETCHAM. Certainly. on from the State of New York. We are afraid Mr. CULLOM. There is a law already on some one in that State has something against || the statute-book expressly covering this very the Government which has not been paid. case, and under the law as it now stands vaThis is to hunt him up and to get him to send rious States have been settling their war claims it on.

We appoint à commission to wander | from year to year. The State of Illinois is now through that State to advertise for military | doing it. claims against the Government. When they Mr. WILSON, of Iowa. I think there is a have found out all they can they are to report | misunderstanding on the part of the gentleman the amount they think we owe them.

from Illinois [Mr. Cullom) and the gentle. Mr. KELSEY. I ask whether such a bill as man from Pennsylvania [Mr. SCOFIELD] in this was not passed to settle the claims of Penn- | regard to this bill. If my recollection is not sylvania to the extent of $ 700,000?

at fault, we have provided for an examination Mr. KETCHAM. Yes, sir.

of the claims of almost every State is this way, Mr. SCOFIELD. The gentleman asks me so that this involves precedents which have a question, and my friend answers it. The been pursued in other States. And the claim gentleman who asks it is mistaken, and the l of the State of Pennsylvania although it took gentleman who answers it is equally mistaken. the form of a money demand, for money paid No such bill was ever passed for Pennsylvania. out by that State, was based upon precisely the No such sum was paid to Pennsylvania. No same services rendered by that State that this such demand or claim was presented. At the claim presents. I remember in the case of time the rebel army entered into Pennsylvania | Missouri, Illinois, Ohio, Indiana, and Iowa, in 1863, the States of Pennsylvania, New York, Il similar bills were passed.

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them, and drafted the bill which is now before l of the claims coming from New York? I been or who may hereafter be retired from this House and had it ready to be acted on, understand these claims to be for money ad- active service under existing laws, and whose but the Congress expired before the committee (vanced during the whole progress of the war. disability shall have been occasioned by sick, could get the bill before the House. A bill Mr. WILSON, of lowa. I understand that ness, injuries, or wounds incurred or received based on the same memorial and the same a part of this claim--I do not know whether in the line of his duty as a commissioned officer papers came before the committee of the pres- all of it or not-grows out of the claims of the in the volunteer service of the United States ent Congress and was revised. We cut out State of New York for expenses incurred in at any time since the 19th day of April, 1861, several sections which we thought gave too raising militia during the period of the inva- and previous to his appointment as an oficer large powers and restricted the operations of sion of Lee in Pennsylvania. Those troops of the regular Army, shall receive, in the the commission, allowing them to settle noth- were irregularly raised; they were not mus- application of said laws, the same pay and ing, but only to examine and report. We have | tered into the service of the United States ; allowances, and enjoy the same rights, privreported the bill to the House in that form, and they did not become United States troops ; \ ileges, and benefits of all kinds whatsoever as I cannot consent that the whole evening ses- their accounts cannot be settled at the Depart- he would be entitled to receive and enjoy if sion shall be consumed in its consideration. ment under existing regulations. Therefore such sickness, wound, injury, or other disability

Mr. CULLOM. Will the gentleman allow this commission is asked, as I understand. had been incurred or received while in the
me to ask him a single question ?

Mr. GARFIELD. I now call the previous | regular Army.
Mr. GARFIELD. I will.
question on the bill.

The second section provides that the SecreMr. CULLOM. Why should not this bill The previous question was seconded and the tary of War is hereby authorized and directed be a general law covering all the States? If main question ordered.

to revoke and declare pull and void all orders there is any special reason why a bill of this The bill was then ordered to be engrossed ) of the War Department heretofore issued which sort should pass at all why should not all the and read a third time; and being engrossed, it are not in accordance with the provisions of States of the Union be included in it, and thus was accordingly read the third time.

the preceding section. save the trouble of passing special acts in favor The question was upon the passage of the The third section provides that so much of of each State? bill.

section twenty-five of an act entitled "An act Mr. GARFIELD. In the first place, I sup- Mr. SCOFIELD. I call for the yeas and providing for the better organization of the pose that not all the States of the Union have nays on the passage of the bill.

military establishment," approved August 3, claims of this kind. Some of the great States,

The
yeas and nays were ordered.

1861, and so much of section twelve of an act Pennsylvania, Ohio, New York, and some Mr. GARFIELD. I do not desire to have entitled "An act to define the pay and emolu: others along the border, made advances to the the session broken up because of the absence ments of certain officers of the Army, and for Government. The State of Ohio advanced of a quorum. I do not know whether there is other purposes," approved July 17

, 1862, as $3,000,000 in money. I happened to be a a quorum in the Hall or not.

authorizes the assignment by the President of member of the General Assembly of the State The SPEAKER. The Chairdoubts whether any officer of the Army who has been retired of Ohio, and was one of those who voted for a quorum is now present or not.

under the provisions of said acts, or any other making that advance to the General Govern- Mr. GARFIELD. Then I would ask my acts, to any appropriate duty, is hereby rement when it was found with a bankrupt treas. colleague on the committee (Mr. KETCHAM] scinded; and hereafter retired officers of the ury at the beginning of the war.

to allow this bill to be laid aside informally, || Army, except in time of war, shall not be Mr. SCOFIELD. What is this for?

so that we can proceed with other business of assigned to any duty other than at the Military Mr. GARFIELD. It is for miscellaneous the committee.

Academy, at certain colleges and universities

, claims, for advances made by the State, and Mr. SCOFIELD. I object to that.

as provided in section twenty-six of the act claims of a pondescript sort that have been The SPEAKER. Objection being made, the entitled "An act to increase and fix the milireported to the Department, and finally a only way the gentleman from Ohio (Mr. Gar. tary peace establishment of the United States," memorial to cover the whole subject was sent FIELD] can reach his object is to move to recon- approved July 28, 1866. to Congress, and the committee have answered sider the vote ordering the main question, and Mr. GARFIELD. I willexplain briefly the that memorial by reporting this bill. I now have the bill recommitted to the Committee on provisions of this bill. There are but three secyield for a moment to my colleague, (Mr. || Military Affairs.

tions, and it will take but a few minutes to WELKER. )

Mr. GARFIELD. Then I move to recon. explain them. There is now this difficulty Mr. WÉLKER. I wish to say one word in | sider the vote by which the main question was under the law in regard to the retirement of regard to the claims of Ohio. My colleague is ordered.

officers: that such officers who have received mistaken when he says that a commission was The motion to reconsider was agreed to. wounds or have been otherwise disabled while created to hear all applications on behalf of

Mr. GARFIELD. I withdraw the call for

in the volunteer service and afterward have Ohio for advances made during the war. It is the previous question, and move that the bill

been transferred to the regular service are not true that a commission was appointed to invest

be recommitted to the Committee on Military permitted by the retiring board to be retired igate into the expenses of the calling out of Affairs.

upon the same terms as though they had reour squirrel-hunters by the Governor at the

The question was taken upon the motion to

ceived their wounds while in the regular Army. time when Morgan made his raid into Ohio recommit; and upon a division there were

This is a manifest injustice which the bill now and Indiana, But all the other claims of Ohio ayes 60, noes 2; no quorum voting.

before us is designed to correct. In the second were settled by the Department at Washing.

Tellers were ordered ; and Mr. SCOFIELD and

section of the bill it is proposed that officers who ton, and not through the instrumentality of a Mr. KETCHAM were appointed.

have been thus unjustly retired shall be restored. commission, as proposed by this bill.

The House again divided; and the tellers

The third section is designed to prevent the Mr. WILSON, of Iowa. I desire to ask the reported that there were-ayes sixty, noes not

abuse which is now growing up of officers getgentleman from Ohio whether any claims of counted.

ting themselves retired and then put into easy Ohio were settled by the Department except. So the bill was recommitted.

places on duty with restoration of their full ing those that came within the regulations of

DISABLED OFFICERS AND SOLDIERS.

pay. Those are the three points which the bill the Army arising out of the expenses con

is designed to cover. nected with troops mustered into the service ? Mr. GARFIELD moved that the Committee passed.

Mr. WELKER. In reply to the gentleman on Military Affairs be discharged from the fur- Mr. FARNSWORTH. Mr. Speaker, the I would say that every claim Ohio presented | ther consideration of the concurrent resolu. first section of this bill, if I understand it and at the Department was settled there. I know tions of the Legislature of the State of Kan. the gentleman's explanation of it, will open a that a great many claims might have been

sas instructing the Senators and requesting the door to the retirement of all the officers now originated in Ohio, and I have no doubt that Representatves from the State of Kansas to in the Veteran Reserve corps. if a commission had been sent to Ohio to use their influence to procure the enactment Mr. GARFIELD. The gentleman will rehunt up parties who may bave had claims for of a law by which officers and soldiers wounded member that there is now a provision of law, damages a great many claims might have been or disabled in the late war shall be entitled to that not more than seven per cent. of the offigot up.

pensions from date of discharge or resignation, cers of the Army shall be on the retired list at Mr. WILSON, of Iowa. I desire to ask the same as if they had made application at

any one time. That restriction will obriate the gentleman why all the claims of Ohio for that time, and that the same be referred to the the difficulty which the gentleman apprethe payment of the expenses connected with Committee on Invalid Pensions.

hends. the calling out of the squirrel-hunters at the The motion was agreed to.

Mr. FARNSWORTH. I am opposed to time of Morgan's raid were not paid at the

RETIRED OFFICERS OF THE ARMY.

continuing a Veteran Reserve corps in the Army Department? Mr. WELKER. Because there were no

Mr. GARFIELD, from the Committee on

for the purpose of getting up a retired list. 11

seems to me that that would be a very expen. laws or regulations that would reach that class Military Affairs, reported back, with a recom

sive way of carrying on the military departmendation that the same do pass, House bill of troops" squirrel-hunters," as they were

ment of this Government. No. 1378, to declare the meaning of the seytermed. Mr. WILSON, of Iowa. I submit that the eral acts' in relation to retired officers of the correctly the last section of the bill, it provides

I desire to say further, that if I understand Army. gentleman has answered the very question in

that an officer who is retired shall not be detailed this case; that the “squirrel-hunter" claims The question was upon ordering the bill to

for duty except in time of war, or upou service of the State of Ohio did not come within the be engrossed and read a third time.

The first section of the bill, which was read, | any good reason why an officer who has been

in the Military Academy. Now, I do not see regulations of the Army.

r. WELKER. Is not that the character | provides that any officer of the Army who has // placed on the retired list should not have ap

I hope that it will be opportunity occasionally to perform, if he is 3, 1861, he be wholly retired from the service with one able to do so, some duty. I do not see why he year's pay and allowances, and that his name be

benceforward omitted from the Army Register. should not have an opportunity to be ordered

A board of examination having found Brevet Colto duty, if he desires it, and to receive full pay. onel W. M. Kilgour, captain forty-first United States A good many of the retired officers of the Army infantry, 'incapacitated for active service, and that are now on duty. Under the existing law the

said incapacity is the result of a gunshot wound

received at the battle of Perryville, Kentucky, OctoSecretary of War has authority to detail for ber 8, 1862, and that said incapacity existed before active duty an officer who has been retired, and

he was commissioned in the Army, July 28, 1894,' such officer, while performing this duty, receives

the President directs that in accordance with section

seventeen of the act of Congress approved August 3, the full pay of his rank instead of the half pay 1861, he be wholly retired from the service with one to which a retired officer is entitled. I would year's pay and allowances, and that his name bo like the gentleman to give us some explanation

henceforward omitted from the Army Register." on this point.

Mr. GARFIELD. In the first case the Mr. GARFIELD. The bill which I propose

officer having been found by the retiring board to offer to the House immediately after this totally incapacitated, not in consequence of shall have been disposed of proposes to make

meritorious and long service, but of long cona very large reduction in the roster of the Army;

tinued dissipation, having become a confirmed and that bill provides that those who may be

dipso-maniac," having had the delirium dropped from active duty in consequence of

tremens, he was, by the operation of the law, such reduction of the Army may be assigned | dropped from the rolls of the Army, with one by the Secretary of War to special duty, re

year's pay and allowances. That was accordceiving full pay while so engaged. If officers

ing to the law; but here was another who was retired in consequence of inability to perform

found to be totally incapacitated in conseduty are allowed to be put on duty we simply quence of a wound received while an officer of open the door to the continuance and increase

volunteers, at the battle of Perryville, at that of an evil which already exists to a consid

time not in the regular Army, but in the vol. erable extent. Officers get up claims for

unteer service, but transferred to the regular retirement, make a persuasive array of their Army some months subsequent, but in which aches and pains, and thus secure positions on

he served faithfully until his wounds grew the retired list, and then, perhaps, after two

worse-this man, incapacitated by his wounds, or three months' relief, they obtain, through

was retired upon the same terms as the "dipso. political or personal influence, an assignment

maniac''-dropped from the rolls with one to some pleasant duty, and thus again enjoy || been in the regular Army when he received the

year's pay and allowances, whereas if he had the full pay which they received before being retired, with the additional advantage of being

shot he would have been retired on half pay in a comfortable place instead of in the field.

for life. Such a decision makes a wound in I have before me a record from the Adjutant battle no more meritorious in a volunteer than General's office showing the number of persons

delirium tremens in a regular. Precisely that who, under the present laws, have been retired, I kind of decision is being made perpetually by and are now upon the retired list. The list

the board of retirement, notwithstanding it has shows an exceedingly large number. It shows again and again been declared in the law that one hundred and forty-two officers upon the

in all matters of pay, emolument, and allowretired list: four major generals, seven brig ances, there shall be no distinction whatever adier generals, twenty-eight colonels, thir

between a volunteer and a regular officer. I teen lieutenant colonels, twenty-nine majors, | yield to the gentleman from Massachusetts. thirty-four captains, sixteen first lieutenants,

Mr. BUTLER, of Massachusetts. four second lieutenants, two military store

matter cognate to this discussion I wish to call keepers, and five chaplains; and of the entire

the attention of the chairman of the committee puruber, seventy-seven are now on duty, more

to the language of the first section, which than one half on the retired list, and so far | requires that a wound should be incurred or as I know, they are upon the most comfort

received in the line of his duty as a commisable duty in the whole range of the Army ser

sioned officer in the volunteer service'' in order vice. Officers upon the retired list receive pay

that he may be retired as an officer in the

reg. at the following rates: major general, $247

ular Army. Now, if that remains in, if a priper month ; brigadier general, $195.; colonel; | duty and became incapacitated from it, he can

vate soldier got a wound in the course of his $177; lieutenant colonel, $158; major, $139;

not be retired as an officer. captain, $114 ; first lieutenant, $101 ; second lieutenant, $95; military storekeeper, $127 ; | simply followed the law as it now stands. We

Mr. GARFIELD. The committee have and chaplain, $114. Mr. FARNSWORTH. Does the gentleman action; but if the House chooses to amend

did not design to enlarge the scope of its state their full pay ?

that provision I shall have no objection. Mr. GARFIELD. This is their pay and

Mr. BUTLER, of Massachusetts. I hope allowances while unemployed, which is about it will be so amended. half the pay of an officer on the active list.

Mr. GARFIELD. Make the amendment. When employed they have full pay as if they Mr. BUTLER, of Massachusetts. I move were not retired. It is said that officers who

to strike out the words “as a commissioned received only a scratch in the Army, enough officer," so as to allow a private who was into make them a little lame, men in full and capacitated while a private and for gallantry robust health, young men, men in the prime of and courage has been made an officer, to be life, good for forty years yet, are on the retired retired. list. They can go to Europe and elsewhere, Mr. PAINE. I suggest an amendment, and through political influence by and by be which will probably accomplish the same object put upon light duty at full pay. They can go and be less objectionable, to strike out the into business and practice their profession word "commissioned" and add the words, while not on duty.

or enlisted man. Now, sir, I wish to call attention to two Mr. BUTLER, of Massachusetts. That will extracts from the Army and Navy Journal.

be just the same thing. It will then read “as They will show the working of the present law an officer or enlisted man. That will accomfor retiring officers in two cases where officers || plish the purpose exactly. have been retired by the retiring board.

Mr. GÅRFIELD. I will personally accept The Clerk read as follows:

the amendment. I cannot do it on behalf of "A board of examination having found Brevet the committee, but I presume they will have Major William G. Edgerton, captain twenty-ninth United States infantry, 'incapacitated for active ser

no objection.

The amendment was agreed to. vice, and that said incapacity is not the result of long and faithful service, of wounds or injury Mr. GARFIELD. I will yield for a question received in the line of duty, sickness, or exposure therein, or any other incident of service, but results to my colleague. from "dipsomania," produced by his own willful Mr. MUNGEN. I observe that the first intemperance in the use of alcoholic drinks,' the

clause of the first section reads: President directs that, in accordanco with section seventeen of the act of Congress, approved August 11 That any officer of the Army who has been or who

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ment.

Mr. LOGAN, I have not, I confess, ex. bills of the following titles; when the Speaker | retain him in active service the Secretary of War amined this bill as carefully as I perhaps should signed the same:

may place such officer upon the list in lieu of the have done, but I would like to know of the An act (S. No. 238) grantiug a pension to

oficer oldest in commission of the samo grade who

would otherwise be placed on said fist under the Carrie E. Burdett;

provisions of this act. whether, under the present law, it is not at the

Mr. WASHBURN, of Indiana. I rise to a option of the Secretary of War to retire seven Annie E. Dixon;

question of order. I desire to inquire whether per cent. of the officers of the Army without An act (S. No. 291) granting a pension to the gentleman from Ohio presents this last their being wounded? Ann Kelly, widow of Bernard Kelly;

amendment as coming from the Committee on Mr. GARFIELD. I will answer the gentle- An act (S. No. 292) granting a pension to | Military Affairs? man that that is not the law. An officer who Maria Rastery;

Mr. ĞARFIELD. Yes, sir, has been in the service forty-five years he may An act (S. No. 321) for the relief of Mrs. Mr. WASHBURN, of Indiana. When was retire at his option, but those persons who are Mary Gaither, widow of Wiley Gaither, de- it considered by the committee? sick or disabled he may order before a board, | ceased;

Mr. GARFIELD. If my colleague insists and on the recommendation of that board hé An act (S. No. 332) granting a pension to on his point of order, I will say that all the may retire them. Other persons voluntarily, John W. Harris;

amendments I am now offering, save one, were at their own request, may be allowed to go An act (S. No. 333) for the relief of Julia considered and acted on by the committee

, before a board. There are now three ways by M. Molin ;

and as to that one I have obtained from all which an officer may be retired by law, first by An act (S. No. 342) granting a pension to the members of the committee with whom I the order of the President when the officer has Thomas Stewart ;

have had an opportunity to consult consent to been forty-five years in the service, and then in An act (S. No. 359) granting a pension to report it. It has happened unfortunately that the two ways I have mentioned.

Louisa Fitch, widow of E. P. Fitch, deceased ; | I have had no opportunity to consult with the Mr. LOGAN. Of course that answers An act (S. No. 381) granting a pension to gentleman from Indiana. satisfactorily in reference to that question ; Edward Hamel, minor child of Edward Hamel, Mr. WASHBURN, of Indiana. It happens, but it seems to me that, as stated by my deceased ;

also, that the gentleman has not consulted a colleague, (Mr. Farnsworth,] unless there An act (S. No. 427) for the relief of the

quorum of the committee. is some restriction placed on this section, it is widow and children of John W. Janeson, Mr. GARFIELD. I trust that the explana. rather an expensive manner or mode of pen- deceased :

tion I have made will be a sufficient apology to sioning a great many men who are now in the An act (S. No. 434) for the relief of Eliza | the gentleman ; if not, I will withdraw the Army. I would suggest to the chairman for his beth Barker, widow of Alexander Barker, amendment. consideration whether it would not be better deceased;

The SPEAKER. If the gentleman from to amend this section so as to provide that no An act (S. No. 454) for the relief of Samuel Indiana makes the point of order that this officer shall be retired from the service of the N. Miller;

amendment has not been agreed on by the United States unless by his own consent or An act (S. No. 466) for the relief of Syl. committee, and if the gentleman from Ohio who may be competent to perform duty. I vester Nugent ;

states that it has not been, then the amenddesire to see this bill pass because I wish to, An act (S. No. 494) granting a pension to ment must be withdrawn. see a change effected that will place men who Elizabeth Steepleton, widow of Harrison W. Mr. GARFIELD, I have obtained the conhave not heretofore been in the regular Army Steepleton, deceased; and

sent of every member of the committee wliou upon the same footing as those who have been An act (S. No. 498) granting a pension to I have been able to see; but as I understand in the regular Army. But there are a great Anna M. Howard.

my colleague on the committee to insist upon many officers in the Army now who do not

MILITARY PEACE ESTABLISHMENT.

his point of order, I withdraw the amend. desire retirement, but under the manipulations that might be brought to bear by boards, inMr. GARFIELD, from the Committee on

I will not ask the reading of further

amendments which I was about to present. In justice might be done them, such as we know Military Affairs, reported back House bill No. has been done and as the very paragraph which 1377, to reduce and fix the military peace

order to facilitate and hasten the consideration establishment.

of the bill, I will waive any general remarks has been read at the desk shows is done. Hence I desire to see the law changed and The question was upon ordering the bill to

on my part, and will ask that the bill be con

sidered in the House gection by section, as in perfected in that particular. I do not desire be engrossed and read a third time. to see men driven from the service and placed Mr. GARFIELD. I am instructed by the

Committee of the Whole, under the five minute

rule. Committee on Military Affairs to offer some on the pension-roll against their will in order

The SPEAKER. anendments to this bill; and first I will move

That course will be merely to make places for sombody else.

adopted if there be no objection. There are a great many meritorious men now to amend the eighth section.

There was no objection. in the Army who have received wounds, and Mr. WILSON, of Iowa. Will that preclude

The first section was read as follows: perhaps would not be as well qualified for amendments to previous sections of this bill?

The SPEAKER. It will not; but the Chair

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representasevere service as men of perfect health. Yet

tives of the United States of America in Congress de**** they are well qualified to perform many of the would suggest that unless the amendments of the

bled. That the office of General of the Ariny sball be duties that are incumbent upon commissioned

committee are such as will give rise to debate continued until a vacancy shall occur in the same, officers in the Army. Now, if these men may they better be acted upon first and incorporated

and no longer; and on the occurrence of a racancy

all laws and parts of laws creating or regulating said be retired, under this bill, by the mere edict in the bill.

office shall cease and determine. of the Secretary of War or by the report of a

Mr. PAINE. I know that some members Mr. WILSON, of lowa. I move to amend commission they may be made to give place of the House propose to offer amendments to

by striking out all of this section after the en. to others who may desire to have their places. this bill, which will, if adopted, be substitutes acting clause. I am in favor of the reductiou Hence I suggest that this section be amended for, or come in conflict with, the amendments

of the Army; yet I am also in favor of preby providing that no officer shall be retired to be proposed by the gentleman from Ohio

serving the harmony of its organization. I do against his will who is competent to perform || [Mr. GARFIELD] on behalf of the Committee on

not see why we should not continue the office Military Affairs. Therefore I think it would be services in the Army,

of general as well as that of major; and par much better to have this bill read by sections Mr. GARFIELD. I would not object to for amendment, and the committee's amend

ticularly is it unadvisable to discontinue this that if it was not the law now, except as to

office while we have so many distinguished solofficers over forty-five years of age. ments can then be offered.

diers wbo have rendered eminent service to the

The SPEAKER. Then the gentleman from Mr. LOGAN. I think it better to amend

country during the late rebellion. Besides

, Ohio better report back this bill with these the first section of this bill by adding to it:

there are laws imposing duties upon the Genamendments incorporated in the text of the eral of the

Army, and this section contains mag Provided, That no officer shall be retired against | bill, so that they may be open to amendment his will who may be competent to perform service in

provision imposing those duties upon any other like other portions of the text. the Army.

Öfficer. I am in favor of preserving the present

Mr. GARFIELD. I will ask that the amend. Mr. GARFIELD. Very well; I will allow

organization of the Army. I desire this section ments be read. the amendment to be offered.

stricken out, so that if there should be, by any The amendment was agreed to.

The amendments were read as follows: soon-coming event, a vacancy in the office of The bill, as amended, was ordered to be Add to the seventh section the following:

General of the Army, the Lieutenant General engrossed for a third reading; and being en. Provided further, That if, in the opinion of the may succeed to the position, some other worihy

Secretary of War, it is necessary for the continuance grossed, it was accordingly read the third of garrisons at important forts and arsenals, and the

officer taking the place of the present Lieutentime, and passed.

protection of our Indian frontiers, to retain all or ant General. I therefore hope this section, Mr. GARFIELD moved to reconsider the any portion of the artillery and cavalry force autborized to be mustored out of service or relioved on half

unless there be some good reason for preserv. vote by which the bill was passed; and also pay by this act, it shall be lawful for him to do so

ing it, will be stricken out. moved that the motion to reconsider be laid until tbe further action of Congress.

Mr. GARFIELD. Mr. Speaker, the reason Amend the cighth section by adding to it the fol- for introducing this section was, first and chiefly

, lowing: The latter motion was agreed to. And provided, That not more than one third of the

to reduce the Army, to make that reduction officers of each grade in the regiments known as the effective and possible, and at the same ume ENROLLED BILLS SIGNED.

Veteran Reserve corps, por more than one third of the
officers belonging to the regiments of colored troops,

to save as far as possible the rights, honor, Mr. WILSON, of Pennsylvania, from the shall be placed on the list of officers to be relieved

and dignity of every officer in the Army. If Committee on Enrolled Bills, reported that

from duty under the provisions of this section; but they had begun at the bottom and reduced it they had examined and found truly enrolled upon application of any officer wbose rank would

only among the lower officers they would be

on the table.

justly chargeable with unfairness; but they his family on leave. The General of the Army have reduced it throughout.

issued not a single order by virtue of his office There is another consideration, The offices as such for three or four months, and yet the of General and Lieutenant General of the Army | country was safe. were vever known in this country, except in What is the Lieutenant General of the Army two instances, before. The office was created for doing by virtue of his office? Not one thing General Washington. The office of Lieutenant that could not be done as well without the General was subsequently revived for General office. Now, as to the General and the LieuScott. In both instances they were personal, and tenant General of the Army, I certainly have intended as personal decorations for citizens of no attack to make upon those distinguished the United States who had performed great and individuals. But I do attack the offices that distinguished services for the country. Tor were created to reward them for the distinprecisely similar reasons they were recently guished services they have rendered to the revived to decorate two eminent citizens who | country. They should have been paid in some have rendered great and distinguished services | other way, not by giving them these offices, to the nation, and it is thought the same custom which, if gentlemen crawl on their bellies beshould prevail henceforward, and when the fore the men who achieve such positions, will offices are vacated by the persons for whom in the end, as I remarked, destroy the liberties they were intended, they should cease and of the country. determine, leaving the whole subject to the ac- [Here the hammer fell.] tion of Congress when it may see fit to revive Mr. GARFIELD. I rise to oppose the the offices for similar services to the country: amendment, and ask for a vote. There is still another consideration which had The amendment of Mr. JouxSON was disgreat weight with the committee. We did not agreed to. feel it safe to allow the present Executive to fill

The question recurred on the amendment of the vacancy as he might choose to fill it. Who

Mr. Wilson, of Illinois, to strike out all of the knows the person he might select as the suc

first section except the enacting clause; and it cessor of either of the two great captains who

was disagreed to. now fill the offices? This was of great and

The Clerk read as follows: paramount weight with the committee. We did nut think it safe or proper to leave such

Sec. 2. An'l be it further enacted, That the office of

Lieutenant General of the Army shall be continued a power with the present President of the Uni

until a vacancyshall occurin the same, and no longer; ted States. We therefore thought it best to and on the occurrence of such vacancy, all laws and follow the custom which has prevailed hitherto, parts of laws creating or regulating said offico shall and leave the office to cease and determine

cease and determino. with its present holder. I trust we shall have

Mr. ALLISON. The same amendment that the hearty approval of the House for this was made to the first section should apply to legislation.

this. Strike out the words or regulating'? Mr. LOGAN. I move to insert after the and add at the end "and the duties thereof last word "and the duties thereof sball devolve

shall devolve on the officer next in rank." upon the officer next in rank.":

The amendment was agreed to. Mr. WILSON, of Iowa. That will not effect Mr. JOHNSON. I propose an amendment the result. It will still provide that all laws to this section for the same reason that I proor parts of laws regulating said office shall cease posed it to the other section. I move to add and determine.

the syllable "dis'' before "continued ;" to Mr. LOGAN. I move, then, to strike strike out all thereafter down to and including

or regulating ;' so it will then read, the word “ vacancy;"! and to insert before with the words added which I have indicated, the word "all' the word "and ;'' and to strike as follows:

out the words just added at the end of the secThe office of the General of the Army shall be con- tion; so that it will read : tinued until a vacancy shall occur in the same, and

That the office of Lieutenant General of the Army no longer; and on the occurrence of a vacancy all laws and parts of laws creating said office shall cease

shall be discontinued, and all laws and parts of laws

creating said office shall cease and determine. and determine, and the duties thereof shall devolve upon the officer next in rank.

That will legislate the Lieutenant General The amendment was agreed to.

out of office immediately, and let him enjoy his Mr. JOHNSON. I desire to amend the sec.

rural comfort with General Grant on his farm. tion, and it will necessitate the striking out of

The amendment was disagreed to. the amendment just adopted. I move to insert The Clerk read as follows: the word “dis before "continued,” and to Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That no brevet strike out so it will read :

appointment of General or Lieutenant General shall

be made after the passage of this act. The office of General of the Army shall be discontinued, and all laws or parts of laws creating or Mr. BUTLER, of Massachusetts. I move regulating said office shall cease and determine. to strike out the words “ of General or Lieu

Now, Mr. Speaker, I should not have pro- tenant General,'' so that it will read, "that no posed this amendment or any amendment to brevet appointment shall be made after the this bill but for the remarks made by the dis- passage of this act." Brevet appointments are tinguished chairman of the committee. He for meritorious services in battle or in great has announced to this House and the country / emergencies during war. They do not belong it is the object of the committee to reduce the to a peace establishment of an army. They Army and to reduce the expense of the mili- are now so thick that the only distinction is that tary establishment, but he has carefully avoided a man has never had a brevet. in this bill the turning out of a single soul who Mr. WILSON, of Iowa. I suggest to add wears shoulder straps. In consequence of the words "except in time of war." this fact I doubt the sincerity of it. I wish to Mr. BUTLER, of Massachusetts. test the sincerity of the committee, and I shall content with that. continue to test it all through this bill, pro- Mr. PIKE. I suggest another amendmentviding in the next section for the abolition of 6 for services in war. the office of Lieutenant General, and in the Mr. BUTLER, of Massachusetts. Oh, no. following section reducing the major gen

Mr. GARFIELD. I suggest in opposition erals to four, and in the subsequent section the to the amendment-though I do not very much number of brigadier generals to eight. If the oppose it, but quite agree in the general with committee is in earnest, if it is their sincere what the gentleman has said--that in the bill desire to reduce the military force and save the in relation to the rules and articles of War Treasury of the country and the tax-payer, which passed the Senate last night, and which what is to prevent this reduction at the present we hope to be able to pass before this session time?

ends, it is provided that no brevet shall be What great service is the General of the conferred except in time of war and for one Army rendering to this country at the present year thereafter, and then only in consequence time? When he was acting as Secretary of of special meritorious services during the war. Warad interim the country went on as smoothly It seemed to the committee that it would be as it is going to-day, when he is traveling with II wiser to make that standing provision, which

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