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Massachusetts why it is he selects the heads of shoved out in the cold. But there are other man a question. When I used the word “prethese bureaus and reduces them and yet leaves men in the Army with ranks that they have no tense" I did not mean to say that the committhe subordinates in their present grade so we right to retain, not because they have not won tee was designedly trying to impose on the shall have in the quartermaster's department | it, not because we desire to degrade them, but country, but only that that was the effect of tbe six colonels under his arrangement. He re- because the country has no use for their rank bill upon its face. Now, I will ask the gentleman duces the head of the department now a briga- or service.

this question : Is it not a fact that during the dier general, but he does not reduce those under Now, how do you reduce an army? What late war when an order from the Secretary of him.

do you call an army? Does it consist of mere War was issued for the consolidation of regi. Mr. BUTLER, of Massachusetts. My amend- soldiers ? Certainly not. You may discharge | ments, you were required when you consoli. ment indeed does, and I will answer the ques- every soldier in the Army to-day, and yet you dated regiments to muster out the surplus othtion. I have not yet got so far as the next in have an Army; but it would be an Army of cers and non-commissioned officers ? Js not rank. I am dealing with the head now, and I officers. If you mean to reduce the Army dis. that the fact ? propose to reduce the tail in the same ratio. I charge your officers as well as soldiers. The Mr. GARFIELD. I have no doubt of that am coming to that as soon as I get the head idea that because men have been educated at fact. right. I must deal with the thing I have before the Government expense or otherwise, and Mr. LOGAN. I know I did it frequently. me. I want to drop the heads of these Depart. happen to be retained in the Army to-day, they | Then I would ask the gentleman, it, in the ments down to the rank I have indicated. Then shall not be retired or removed as soon as consolidation of regiinents in front of the I propose the subordinates down to captains we have no further use for them is preposter- enemy, oflicers in commission were required 19 shall drop a peg lower to correspond. The The argument of the gentleman from be mustered out, where is the hardship now in committee will not muster out anybody. They | Ohio (Mr. Garrield] last night astounded ine. time of peace of mustering out officers in comwill not take anybody's commission. This bill He said these men were placed there, and it mission when we consolidate regiments and keeps all these useless officers. This bill, as would be an outrage to remove them.

have a surplus of officers? That was the rule reported, gives of staff officers one to every Why, sir, the gentleman is placed here in || in the Army during the war, and I have musthirty-eight men. There are six hundred and Congress by the vote of his constituents. Would || tered out many a one. fifty-one staff officers to deal with twenty-five he consider it an outrage to be left at home Mr. GARFIELD. I have several times in the thousand men. They will not let one of them by them? I think, myself, it would be doing course of this debate stated the distinction bego. There are more than twice as many as for themselves a great injury, but they have a right tween a military peace establishment and an the like number of men before the war. There to do it nevertheless, as have the constituents army in time of war. That distinction has al. are seventeen general officers, twenty adjutant of each one of us here. Now, these officers ways prevailed in the military service of the generals, nine inspector generals, seventy-six have no more right to be retained for life United States, and it seems to me not unreaquartermasters, sixty-four paymasters, one to because they have commissions given to them | sonable that it should prevail now. five hundred men; twenty nine subsistence by the President than any other officer of the Mr. WASHBURN, of Indiapa. I would ask men, one hundred and twenty-four medical Government. Such a doctrine is the essence the gentleman how many officers are mustered officers-one medical officer to every two hun- of aristocracy. You are maintaining an aris. out by this bill? dred men-sixty-four ordinance men, and one tocracy in the organization of the Army, and Mr. GARFIELD. I have several times said hundred and seven engineers, making a total the people are to become menials. Every offi- that this bill does not propose absolutely to of six hundred and fifty-one officers to twenty- cer in this country, whether civil or military, muster out any officers. The gentleman under. eight thousand men. That is what makes the should be the servant of the people, and should stands that very well. But I say that it reduces expense of the Army. The committee have be willing to yield obedience to their will, and the aggregate pay of officers the same as if we not proposed in their bill to drop one of these when the people say they have no further use mustered out three hundred and ninety-two men until he dies. They hold on to hiin till for their service they should acquiesce and officers absolutely. that moment, and apparently would do so after- decline to impose their services upon the peo- Mr. PILE. In addition to the number of ward if they could, but then he slips out of ple.

officers placed on the relieved list under this their hands. They take care of him as long as Sir, I ain in favor of reducing the Army. bill there will be a further reduction from the he lives, whether he is useful to the service or How?. By reducing the generals, the colonels, fact that no vacancies can be filled except by not. Now, my proposition is that these chiefs and other officers in the same ratio that you transfers from the relieved list to the active of bureaus shall come down to the pay of col. reduce ihe men in the Army. When you do list. In the opinion of the Secretary of War onels, and their subordinates to the pay of that you will have just as many men as you a careful examination of the line of officers lieutenant colonels, majors, and captains. bave officers to command them, and just as of the Army would result in the dismissal of a [Here the hammer tell.] many officers as you have necessity for in order

large number-probably one fourth of the Mr. GARFIELD. I propose to close de- to command your Army, and no more.

whole number-that in fact many dismissals bate on this section.

[Here the hammer fell.]

have recently been made for incompetence, Mr. LOGAN. Allow me to be heard.

Mr. GARFIELD. I oppose the amend. | drunkenness, or other immoralities. The Mr. GARFIELD. I will yield the gentle. ment, and will close the debate in a few words. point I make is that we can reduce the numman five minutes.

The gentleman, I am sure, does not desire to ber of officers to the required amount by weedMr. LOGAN. The gentleman from Massa- | misrepresent what the bill proposes, and I was ivg out by court-martial and a board of examchusetts (Mr. BUTLER) withdraws his amend. sorry to hear him say that the bill made only | ination incompetent and worthless men, thos ment, and I renew it. When I say I am in a pretense of reducing the Army when it did mustering out for cause a number equal to the favor of reducing the Army I mean reducing not really reduce it. There are now in the number of supernumeraries, thereby saving the Army. The idea of presenting to this Army of the United States twenty-eight hun. the Army good officers and getting rid of worthHouse and the country a mere pretense is not dred and fifty-eight commissioned officers. less ones, all this can be accomplished in six the way and manner in which we should deal This bill proposes to place seven hundred and months. with the people. Now, I mean no offense to eighty-five-more than one quarter of all those Mr. GARFIELD. I move now to close the chairman of the committee when I say officers-on a list to be relieved from duty and debate on this amendment. this, but I do say that this bill does not reduce placed on half pay.

The motion was agreed to. the Army, though it pretends to do so.

Mr. LOGAN! That is exactly what I said. I had a conversation with the Secretary of Mr. GARFIELD. That is equivalent to

The question was on the amendment offered War this morning, in which this subject was

by Mr. BUTLER, of Massachusetts, to strike out ceasing to pay three hundred and ninety-two

in lines one and two the words any vacancies incidentally referred to. Now, what is the officers of the United States Army a dollar proposition? It is to retire "one seventh of from this time forward. Now, if anybody will

which may hereafter occur in ;' in line ten

to strike out the words on the occurrence of the officers of the Army on half pay, and it is say that that is no reduction at all, I cannot tuen proposed that they may be assigned to

a vacancy in each respectively," and to add understand his reasoning or his arithmetic. to the section the following: special duty. The Secretary of War would There are now forty-five thousand enlisted easily find special duty for them, and then you men in the Army, and it is proposed that that

Provided, That in the offices abovenamed the would have no actual reduction either in num:

present incumbents may continue therein at tbe last number shall be reduced to twenty-five thou.

inentioned rank and pay. bers of officers or in expense.

sand. There are now forty-five regiments of Now, sir, the way to reduce the Army is || infantry.. It is proposed to redụce the number

So that the section will read: this: the people of the country do not under- to thirty. There are ten cavalry regiments.

SEC. 63. And be il further enacted. That the office of stand that an officer of the Army has an

Adjutant General, Quartermaster General, CommisIt is proposed to reduce the number to seven. sary General of Subsistence, chief

of ordpanee, chief inalienable right to hold on to his commission There are five regiments of artillery. It is of engineers, Paymaster General, Surgeon General, or as long as lifu lasts-with more tenacity, ap. proposed to reduce the number to four. The

Bureau of Military Justice, shall be filled by the ap

pointment or assignment of aa otticer wbosball have parently, sometimes than ordinary men adhere statement I have now made is a simple state- the rank, pay and allowances of a colonel of cavalry. to it. The people do not understand that we ment of the facts of the bill, and I am unwill- And all laws and parts of laws authorizing the ap. are to support an aristocracy without daring ing that it shall go to the country that the com.

pointment of any oflicer of a bigher grade than colonel

in any of said offices shall cease and determine: to say to these officers“ When your services mittee have brought in a bill which pretends || Provided. That in the office abovenamed the present are no longer needed they shall be dispensed to reduce but does not really reduce the Army incumbents may continue therein at the last-menwith." I know there are old men in the ser- and its expenditures. If the bill passes as

tioned rank and pay. vice, men who have families, and who are reported by the committee it will reduce the Mr. GARFIELD. The question is on decapable in every respect of taking charge of annual expenses of the Army not far from grading these officers. some of these departments and perform the fifteen million dollars per anuum.

Mr. BUTLER, of Massachusetts. No; that duties. These men I do not want to have Mr. LOGAN. I would like to ask the gentle. Il is not a fair statement of the question. The

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question is whether we shall pay brigadier gen- shall come down to be captains, and that the offered proposes to reduce to the number indierals when we only want colonels. forty-four captains shall come down to be lieu- || cated the various grades in the staff

' corps. In The question was put on the amendment; tenants. I do not intend by any means to the closing, paragraph the mode of reduction and there were-ayes 37, noes 20; no quorum retain all this swarın. I propose to offer an is provided, which is to be the same as that voting.

amendment to the eleventh section, reducing provided in section eight of the bill. If, when Mr. BUTLER, of Massachusetts, and Mr. this force one half, which will be quite as much we come to that section, the House should see LOGAN called for the

yeas
and
nays.
as we had before the war.

fit to change that mode of reduction, the new The yeas and nays were ordered.

Mr. GARFIELD. I desire the gentleman | method would, of course, apply to this section, The question was again taken ; and it was from Massachusetts to explain how his propo, also. So the question of the mode of reduce decided in the affirmative--yeas 84, nays 25, sition will operate in circumstances which I tion need not be discussed now. It can all be not voting 89; as follows:

will state. He proposes to reduce a brigadier || covered in the discussion of the eighth section. YEAS-Messrs. Arnell, Axtell, Bailey, Baker,Bald- general to the rank of colonel; a colonel to In recommending a reduction of the staff win, Banks, Beatty, Benton, Boles, Boyer, Brooks, the rank of lieutenant colonel; a lieutenant of the Army, the committee took into considBenjainin F. Butler, Roderick R. Butler, Cary, Coburn, Covodo, Cullom, Deweese, Eckley, Eldridge,

colonel to the rank of major; á major to the eration how many officers there were in each Ferriss, Fields, Getz, Glossbrenner, Golladay, Grover, rank of captain, &c. Suppose a major, for corps before the war, when we had an Army of Hamilton, , Hawkins, llinds, Hopkins, Hulburd, instance, has just been put down from the rank ten or twelve thousand men; then the number Hunter, Johnson, Alexander H. Jones, Judd, Julian, Kciscy. Knott, Koontz, George V. Lawrence, William

of lieutenant colonel, will he be the highest we now have with an Army of forty-five thouLawrence, Loan, Logan, Loughridge, Mallory, Mar- major or the lowest major? To what extent

sand men.

From those two elements we have shall, McCarthy, McClurg, McKee, Miller, Moore,

would previous service count in such a case ? tried to determine what is the smallest number Morrell, Mullins, Mungen, Niblack, Orth, Perham, Paters, Phelps, Pike, Plants, Pomeroy. Price, Robert

I do not understand how the matter of relative consistent with the necessities of an Army son, Rosa, Sawyer, Scofield, Shanks, Smith, Stokes, rank would be regulated, this being an entirely reduced as proposed in this bill. In regard to Taber, Tate, Thomus, Lawrence S. Trimble, Upson,

new question in military administration. If the quartermaster's department, I will state Van Aernam, Burt Van Horn, Van Trump, Ward, Cadwalader C. Washburn, Elibu B. Washburne,

the gentleman will explain how a lieutenant for the information of the House that there are Henry D. Washburn, William B. Washburn, and colonel major and a major major-if I may use now in service seventy-seven officers in that John T. Wilson--84.

that phraseology-would rank relatively to department. Before the war there were thirtyNAYS-Messrs. Anderson, James M. Ashley, Bromwell. Churchill, Cobb. Dixon, Farnsworth,

each other, it may obviate some little difficulty seven. The committee propose to reduce the Griswold, Higby. Hooper, Chester D. Hubbard, which I now see in his plan.

aggregate number to fisty-five, that being about Marvin, Myers, O'Neill, Paine, Pile, Poland, Raum, Mr. BUTLER, of Massachusetts. Far be it half way between the old Army before the war Schenck, Sitgreaves, Spalding, Stone, Trowbridge, Twichell, and Jimes F. Wilson-35.

from me, Mr. Speaker, to undertake to instruct and the Army as it now stands. The present NOT VOTING- Messrs. Adams, Allison, Ames, in military law the learned chairman of the organization of the department has six coloArcher, Delos R. Ashley, Barnes, Barnum, Beaman, Committee on Military Affairs; but in order to nels. We propose to reduce the number to Beck, Benjamin, Bingham, Blaine, Blair, Boutwell, Broomall, Buckland, Burr, Cake, Chanler, Reader

remove an argument which is made to the pre- five. There are ten lieutenant colonels. We W. Clarke, Sidney Clarke, Cook, Cornell

, Dawes, judice and not to the fact, I desire to say that propose to reduce the number to eight. There Delano, Dodge, Donnelly, Driggs. Eggleston, Ela, Eliot, Ferry, Finney, Fox, French, Garfield, Gravely,

the military law settles this whole matter. The are fifteen majors. We propose to reduce the Haight, Halsey, Harding, Hill, Holman, Hotchkiss,

higher officer will have been longer in the number to twelve. There are forty-five capAsael W. Hubbard, Richard D. Hubbard, Hum- service and will take rank in accordance with | tains, and we propose to fix the number at phrey, Ingersoll, Jenckes, Thomas L. Jonos, Kelley, his service. Kerr, Ketcham, Kitchen. Laflin, Lincoln, Lynch,

thirty. Then the quartermaster's department Maynard, McCormick, McCullough, Mercur, Moor

Mr. GARFIELD. Not necessarily.

will be about half way between what it was beau, Morrissey, Newcomb, Nicholson, Nunn, Pol- Mr. BUTLER, of Massachusetts. If there is before the war and what it is now, and as the sley, Pruyn. Randall, Robinson, Roots. Selye, Shel

any difficulty in that respect I hope the learned Army will be nearly three times as large libarger, Starkweather, Aaron F. Stevens, Thaddeus Stevens, Stewart, Taylor, John Trimble, Van Auken,

chairman of the Committee on Military Affairs, according to the provisions of this bill, we Robert T. Van Horn, Van Wyck, Welker, Thomas when he finds out what is the will of the House thought it only reasonable. Williams, Willian Williams, Stephen F. Wilson,

on this subject, will endeavor to relieve any I will say to the House one thing further, Windoin, Wood, Woodbridge, and Woodward--89. So the amendment was agreed to.

little difficulty of that sort. There will be ample and I feel it due to the committee that the

opportunity for examination and amendment; statement should be made. The Secretary of Mr. BUTLER, of Massachusetts. I move and if there is any difficulty of that sort (which War having recommended an increase of sevto further amend the section by adding to it I do not see) it can be obviated.

eral of the staff corps, we have in our considerathe following:

The amendment was agreed to.

tion of this question not reduced some of them That hereafter every officer in either of the staff

Mr. GARFIELD. I send to the Clerk an

as much as we reduce some others. The Comdepartments above named, except as herein provided for the chief thereof, shall be reduced one step

amendinent which I offer on behalf of the com- mittee on Military Affairs received a letter a in grade down to the grade of captain, and shall mittee, as a new section, to come in after section

few days ago asking that the present law rereceivo pay and allowances accordingly.

six. Í had intended to offer it as section || quiring the gradual reduction of the quarterThe chief of staff departments having been eleven ; but in view of the action already taken

master's department shall be repealed. It is reduced to the rank of colonel, this amend. by the House it will come in more properly

asked that the officers in that department shall ment is to bring down one grade all the sub- here.

not be reduced; yet, sir, notwithstanding that ordinate officers, until we get down to the The Clerk read as follows:

recommendation, the committee propose the grade of captain, so as to reduce men hereto

reduction here of one colonel, two lieutenant

Insert the following as a new section: fore colonels to lieutenant colonels, men here- And be it further enacted, Tbat, in addition to the colonels, three majors, and fifteen captains. I totore lieutenant colonels to majors, and men

prospective reduction in the staff of the Army pro- trust the House will consent to uo further re

vided for in section six of the act, the following reheretofore majors to captains. I now yield to

duction. It is very easy to denounce the Army duction shall be made in the number of officers in the gentleman from Wisconsin, [Mr. PAINE.] the staff now authorized by law.

and to commend retrenchment, and to be able Mr. PAINE. I have already stated my

The number of ass.eant quartermasters general to recommend a measure which will lighten

with the rank of colonel shall be reduced to five. opposition to the principle involved in this

the burdens of taxation is always a pleasant The number of deputy quartermasters general with amendment. But it sowe such amendment is the rank of lieutenant colonel shall be reduced to task for a Representative. I trust we shall to be adopted, as I think will be the case, judg.

eight. The number of quartermasters with the rank of not let that desire lead us to injure the noble

major shall be reduced to twelve. The nuinber of ing from the expression of opinion already assistant quartermasters with the rank of captain

Army which has been in great part created out made by the House, I propose to offer an shall be reduced to thirty. The number of commis

of the precious materials of the great volunteer amendment to the amendment which I think

saries of subsistence with the rank of major shall be Army which saved the nation.

reduced to six. The number of commissaries of subsiswill put the matter in a better form ; and I hope tenco with the rank of captain shall be reduced to

Mr. BUTLER, of Massachusetts. I move the gentleman from Massachusetts [Mr. BUT- twelve. The number of assistant paymasters general

to amend so that the whole number of officers LER] will accept it in lieu of the one he has

shall be reduced to one. The number of paymasters serving in the above-named staff department

shall be reduced to forty. The number of surgeons offered, I propose to amend the amendment

shall be reduced one half, and the other officers with the rank of major shall be reduced to forty. The so that it will read as follows: nuinber of assistant surgeons with the rank of cap

to be retained shall be designated by the Gentain shall be seventy-five. That in the ordnance That from and after the passage of this act all offi

eral of the Army. I will not now discuss this cers of the staff departments of the Army shall have

department the number of colonels shall be reduced the rank, pay, and emoluments of the cavalry grade to two, of lieutenant colonels to three, of majors to

question of how to reduce—that will come up seven, of captains to eighteen, of first lieutenants to in another section. We have, or shall have, next below that fixed for the office by the aet entitled "An act to increase and fix the military peace estab

fourteen, of second lieutenants to eight. And imme: l in our Army now about twenty-eight thousand lishment of the United States," approved July 28,

diately upon the passage of this act the Secmetary of 1866. War shall prepare lists of all the officers now in active

We have of cavalry, as estimated by service in each of the staff corps in excess of the num- the Secretary of War, five thousand four hun. Mr. BUTLER, of Massachusetts. I will ber in each grade authorized by the provisions of this dred and fifty-five men ; of artillery, three thou; accept the amendment of the gentleman from

scction, said lists to be made in accordance with the Wisconsin [Mr. Paine] in lieu of my amendprovisions of the eighth and ninth sections of this act;

sand four hundred and eighty-oue men, and and all officers so placed on said lists shall be in like twenty thousand six hundred and thirty-one ment, because it reduces captains to lieuten- manner relieved on half pay.

infantry. That is the way it will stand on the ants, going further than my amendment goes. Mr. GARFIELD. I propose that we con- 1st of January. The bill proposes to leave in the quarter- | sider this amendment by paragraphs.

Mr. GARFIELD. That is what it will be master's department six colonels, eleven lieu. The SPEAKER. If there be no objection under the present law. tenant colonels, fifteen majors, and forty-four that course will be pursued.

M. BUTLER, of Massachusetts. I undercaptains. Now, I propose that those six col- There was no objection.

stand that well enough. I know what I am saying. one's shall come down to be lieutenant col- The Clerk read the paragraph in regard to My friend from Missouri [Mr. Pile] says ottionels; that the ten lieutenant colonels shall the quartermaster's department.

cers are being so reduced by drunkenness and come down to be majors; that the fifteen majors Mr. GARFIELD. The amendment I have misconduct that if we do not pass any bill they

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men.

pay.

will reduce themselves. I want to hurry that duty; so that any vacancies occurring in the are generally all even, the men's names are reduction.

active list from the causes alluded to will be signed on the pay-roll beforehand, and the Mr. PILE rose.

filled by a transfer from the relieved list of men just walk in and take their money, and Mr. BUTLER, of Massachusetts. The gen. officers selected by the War Department for away they go almost as fast as they can inarch tiennan has been heard, and I cannot yield to that purpose, and by that process the number past the paymaster. And yet we are told here him. I have not the time.

of officers will be reduced until by the 31st of that we must not cut down substantially the Mr. PILE. I hope, then, the gentleman will March next, at the rate now going on, by number of paymasters. not misrepresent ine.

weeding out incompetent, inefficient, and im- Now, I am not going to discuss each one of Mr. BUTLER, of Massachusetts. The gen. proper officers, and the selection of others to these propositions, because at last I propose tleman's remarks will be in the Globe and so take their places from the lists of relieved offi. to offer my amendment, which is to cut down will mine. He stated expressly that if the cers, we will get rid of the supernumeraries || all the staff departments one half. I have drunkeuness and misconduct of the Army con- and have left the very best officers in the Army. here a list of general and staff officers in the tinued it would be reduced. Now, I find while Mr. BUTLER, of Massachusetts. I desire register of 1867, and there are six hundred the committee propose to reduce largely on to offer an amendment in lieu of the section. and fifty-one, which to an army of twenty-five captains they propose to reduce only one col. Mr. GARFIELD. We proceed by para- | thousand men is one staff officer to every thirtyonel. They propose to reduce largely on cap- || graphs, and the amendment is therefore not in eight men. There are sixty-four ordnance tains but only two or three majors. What I want order now.

men, one hundred and seven engineers, one is a clean thing. If six colonels are necessary

Mr. BUTLER, of Massachusetts. Then I hundred and seventy-four surgeons, or one to for forty majors, then it does not require more ask to have it read for information.

every two hundred and odd men, and seventythan three colonels for twenty-two majors. If Mr. GARFIELD. Very well.

six quartermasters. They propose to reduce twenty-two majors are necessary for seventy- The Clerk read the amendment, as follows: | the number of these officers but one per six captains, it does not require but one half That the whole number of officers serving in tbe cent. in the higher grades and twelve per as many majors for half the number of cap- above-named staff department shall be reduced ono cent, in the lower grades. I do not propose to tains. The difficulty is, there is an attempt

half, the officers retained to be designated by tho

General of the Army; and those not selected to be attempt to perfect the section. Let gentlemen on the part of the committee to save these retained shall be inustered out on the 10th day of of the cominittee put their section in the shape higher officers. Now, I am for reducing them March next.

in which they want it, and when they get by cutting them down fairly and squarely, Mr. GARFIELD. I object to that as not through I shall move to cut down one third or doing justice like fate. If it is right to reduce being germane to the section.

one half, right straight through, serving all at all it is right to reduce all alike. Even- The CHAIRMAN. The question is on the alike. handed justice is what I demand. Therefore amendment first offered by the gentleman from No amendments were offered, and the Clerk I propose an amendment to cut down squarely | Massachusetts, [Mr. Bitler.)

read the remaining paragraphs of the section, one half right through. The committee reduce Mr. BUTLER, of Massachusetts. I with. as follows: the lowest grades almost one third, and the draw it till the section is gone through.

The number of assistant surgeons, the rank of capupper grades of generals, colonels, and lien- The question being taken on the paragraph | tain, shall be seventy-five: tenant colonels, who attend balls and parties offered by the committee, it was agreed to.

That in the ordo ance department the number of here in the winter, or have social and political

The Clerk read the following paragraphs of

colopols shall be reduced to two; of lieutenant colo

nels to three; of majors to seven: of caplains to influence in Wasbington, who stick like leeches, the section :

eighteen; of first lieutenants to fourteen; and of because of their influence are reduced very The number of commissaries of subsistence with

second lieutenants to eight. little. As many as are wanted for the good of the rank of major shall be reduced to six.

And immediately upon the passage of this aet the The number of commissaries of subsistence with

Secretary of Warshall prepare lists of all the officers the service let us keep. I propose that Con- the rank of captain shall be reduced to twelve.

now in active service in each of the staff corps, in gress shall be just in its measures, and cut off The number of assistant paymastors general shall

excess of the number in each grade authorized by all alike squarely. Make the deduction one be reduced to one.

the provisions of this section. Said list to be made third or one half; settle the question as to

The number of paymasters shall be reduced to

in accordance with

the provisions of the eighth and forty.

ninth sectionsof this act; and all officers so placed what shall be the deduction, but when you have The number of surgeons with the rank of major

on said lists shall be in like manner relieved on balf done so strike as the.justice of God strikes,

shall be reduced to forty. directly, and not yield this way or that to save Mr. BUTLER, of Massachusetts. On this

Mr. BUTLER, of Massachusetts. I now personal, political, or social favorites. question of paymasters I want to call attention

offer the substitute for the section which I send [Here the hammer fell.] to the fact that the committee do not propose

to the Chair, and I ask a vote upon it. Mr. PILE. I rise to oppose the amendment to have more than thirty regiments in the line

The Clerk read as follows: simply for the purpose of saying that what I of infantry, and I hope the House will never That the whole number of officers gerving in tbe intended to say and what I think I did with say agree to more than twenty regiments of in- above-named staff departments shall be reduced one

half, the officers retained to be designated by the reference to the process of reduction was this: fantry, and more than five of cavalry and three

General of the Army, and those not selected to be that it was the opinion of the Secretary of War of artillery. If those regiments are full they retained shall be mustered out on the 10th day of

March next. and my opinion, from information received at will give you an army of twenty-nine thousand the War Office, that a careful and rigid examin. || six hundred men. The regiments reported by Mr. BUTLER, of Massachusetts. I desire ation would reduce for cause the subordinate the committee call, when full, for forty-four to call the attention of the House to the differofficers of the Army now in service one fourth ; thousand four hundred men. The committee ence between the modes of selection provided that at the rate dismissals had been occurring only provide for twenty-five thousand men in by the Cominittee on Military Affairs, and by recently, some of them for crime, others for this bill by another section, but they do not cut the amendment. The chairman of the comdrunkenness, and others for absence without down the number of regiments to call for the mittee (Mr. GARFIELD] proposes to have the leave, or other acts of misconduct, the reduc- proper

number of inen only. They propose to selection made in this way: to have a list of tion in the course of eight or ten months would keep a large number of the regiments hall full, these staff officers made out, and then have the approximate one fourth. Now, the number of the effect of which is to enable them to retain selection of those to be mustered out or reofficers rendered supernumerary by the pro- double the number of officers. It is the old | tained made from the youngest in office.

The visions of this bill is a little more than one sore shot which we have been probing, all the cat under that meal is this : that the youngest fourth, so that by the time the major gener. while holding on trying to save the officers. officers being volunteer officers who have lately als, for whose dismissal or muster out the bill There are sixty-four paymasters now to pay been appointed since the war, every volunteer as amended by the House provides, shall have those regiments, and they do not propose to officer on these staff departments will be swept been relieved, if we shall amend section eight | cut them down to less than forty-five. Now, out, and the old Army officers kept in. That 80 as to appoint a board of officers to examine why cannot one paymaster do nore than pay j is exactly what is meant here.

**Eternal vig the qualitication of officers and their fitness one thousand men when the rolls are all made | ilance is the price of safety" for the volunteer for retention, at the rate of reduction now out for him? I should like to know why, officers in our Army. I want to bave this going on by the causes alluded to we shall have especially when each one of these paymasters | understood by the House. The effect of this a reduction of one fourth. Now, I think has a clerk at a large salary, who generally section reported by the committee will be to this would much better conserve the real knows more than the paymaster about the turn out of office every volunteer officer who interest of the country by promoting the effi- business. That has been my experience. The || bas been appointed for gallant and meritorious ciency of the Army than any wholesale muster clerk and company officers do all the work. services in either of these staff departments. out of supernumerary officers, whether begin. Now, why should this be allowed to go on. In I heard here last night a very high eulogy ning at the top of the list as to rank or at the a manufacturing establishment in Lowell, for upon the regular Army. Now, I am not going bottom.

$1,500 a year we can find a man who can pay to say a word against the regular Army, but I Mr. AXTELL. I wish to ask the gentleman off fifteen hundred hands every month, and am going to state a few facts. I insist that it a question. When an officer is mustered out keep all their accounts without any clerk. He was the volunteer army that did the fighting in for drunkenness or incompetency, does his is clerk for all hands. I hear gentlemen say the late war; and I will prove it, and will not place become vacant, and is it to be filled by that the men he pays are all in one house. be long about it either. somebody else?

So they are, but they have to be paid every I hold in my hand the Army Register, which Mr. PILE. Under the law, as it now stands, month. Their wages have to be carried to has their own brag records on the tops of the it becomes vacant, but if the theory of this bill one cent and odd cents, and the whole record pages; I do not think they are very near coris adopted there will be no vacancies except has to be kept for monthly payments. It is rect, but it is their own story. I will state some such as occur in the reduced number of regi. eight times as much work as it is to pay a

facts from that register. When the war ended ments; and all snpernumerary officers will be regiment. I have seen a paymaster pay a there was not a single regular regiment of placed on the relieved list and relieved from regiment in an hour and a half. The sums infantay in either of the great armies of the

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Cumberlard under Sherman, of the Tennessee under Thomas, of the James and of the Potomac under Grant. Now, let us see if I do the regular Army injustice, for I would not do it for the world. I knew a great many brave and gallant officers in the regular Army--many commanding volunteers also—and there were a great many that, I will not say anything about.

The first regiment of regular infantry fought their last battle during the rebellion on the 4th of July, 1863, and was not any more in active service in that war. The second regiment fought their last battle in the war on the 12th and 14th of May, 1864, and saw no more active service. The third regiment fought their last battle in the war on the 2d and 3d of July, 1863, and saw no more active service. The fourth regiment fought their last battle in the war on the 17th and 20th of June, 1864, and saw no more active service. The fifth regiment of regular infantry fought their last battle in the war on the 15th of April, 1862. The sixth regiment fought their last battle on the 2d and 3d of July, 1863, and saw no more active service. The seventh regiment fought their last battle in the war on the 24 and 3d of July, 1863. The eighth regiment fought their last battle in the war on the 9th of August, 1862, at Cedar mountain. The ninth regiment was stationed on the Pacific coast, during the rebellion, and saw no active service at all so far as the rebel. lion was concerned. The tenth regiment of regular infantry fought their last battle in the war on the 1st of October, 1864, and saw no more active service. The eleventh regiment fought their last battle on the 18th and 21st of August, 1861. The twelfih regiment fought their last battle on the the 1st of October, 1864. The thirteenth regiment fought their last battle in the war on the 24th and 25th of November, 1864. The fourteenth regiment fought their last battle in the war on the 19th and 21st of August, 1864. The fifteenth and sixteenth regiments fought their last battles on the 1st of September, 1864. The seventeenth regiment fought its last baitle on the 18th and 21st of August, 1864. The eighteenth regiment fought their last battle on the 1st of September, 1864. The nineteenth regiment fought their last battle in the month of August, 1864. The twentieth regiment fought teir last battle on the 18th and 21st of August, 1864. The twenty-first regiment fought their last battle on the 1st of October, 1864. The twenty-second regiment fought their last battle in the war on the 24th and 25th of November, 1863.

The twentythird regiment fought their last battle on the 19th and 21st of August, 1864. The twentyfourth regiment fought their last battle on the 1st of September, 1864. The twenty-fifth regiment fought their last battle on the 1st of September, 1864. The twenty-sixth regiment fought their ...st battle in the war on the 21st of August, 1864.

[Here the hammer fell.)

The SPEAKER. Thegentleman's time has expired.

Mr. BUTLER, of Massachusetts. Very well; it is the same with the rest of the regi. ments.

Mr. GARFIELD. I confess myself unable to understand the operation of the mind of any man who sees in almost every proposition that other men offer something that warrants him in calling it a “cat under the meal." I have not been accustomed so to look at life and business and the doings of my fellow-inen. I take it for granted generally, when a commit. tee of the House of Representatives proposes a bill, that the committee consists of honorable men who bring us no “cats under the neal;'' and therefore it never occurs to me to hunt for them.

I felt that the Committee on Military Affairs, in bringing in a proposition to reduce the staff department of the Army by dispensing with one hundred and ten men now in service, were doing a thing which would commend itself as a measure of economy-of severe retrench

But the gentleman from Massachusetts thinks this low and poor and mean as a meas.

ure of retrenchment. He discovers in the Baker, Banks, Beatty, Benton, Benjamin F. Butler, proposition “cats” and “meal” in any num.

Roderick R. Butler, Cary, Sidney Clarke, Coburn,

Cook, Covode, Culloin, Dolano, Deweese, Donnelly, bers and any quantities; and in order to show

Eln, Eidride, Ferriss. Fields, Getz, Glossbrenner, that the persons legislated about in this bill are Gollnday, Grover, Hinds, Hopkins, Ilulburd. Hunmen not very worthy of the consideration of

ter, Johnson, Judil. Julian, Kelsey, Kitchen. Koontz,

William Lawrenen, Loan, Logan. Loughridge, Marthis Congress or of the country, he undertakes

shall, Mcliee. Mullins, Niblack. Orth, Perham, to tell when the several regiments went out of Plants. Roots, Ross, Scofield, Shanks, Smith, Thadactive service in the late war. And how does

deus Stevens, Stukes, Tuffo, Thomas, Lawrence S. he ascertain it? Why, he opens the Army

Trimble, Van Arpain, Burt Van Horn, Van Trump,

Henry D. Washburn, Welker, William Williams, Register, containing a little brief of the battles John T. Wilson, and Windom-66. in which each regiment participated, and when

NAYS-Messrs. Adams, Anderson, Delos R. Ashley, he discovers the date of the last great battle

James M. Ashley, Baldwin, Benjamin. Blair, Boles,

Bromwell, Churchill, Cobb, Dawes, Dixon. Drigos, they fought--for only the great battles are Eckley, Eliot, Farnsworth, French, Garfield, Griswold, named-he indicates that as the period when

Higby. Hooper, Chester D. Iubbard, Alexander II.

Jones, Thomas L. Jones, Ketcham, George V. Lawthat regiment ceased to do any worthy or hon

rence, Mallory, Marvin, Maynard, McCarthy, Miller, orable service. This treatment of the Army Moore. Morrell, Mungen, O'Neill. Paine, Peters, is no more just than it would be for ine to'raise Phelps, Pile, Poland, Pomeroy, Raum, Schenck,

Spalding, Starkweather, Stone. Tabor, Twichell, the question when any honorable gentleman Robert T. Van Horn, Ward, Elihu P. Washburno here fought his last battle of the war, and then William B. Washburn, and James F. Wilson-54. say that that should be considered the time

NOT VOTING-Messrs. Allison, Archer, Barnes, when he ceased to do honorable and merito.

Barnum, Beaman. Beck, Bingham. Blaine, Bout

well, Boyer, Brooks, Broomall, Bickland, Burr, rious service for the country. Sir, it cannot be Cake, Chanler, Reader W. Clarke, Cornell, Dodge, considered just reasoning to say that the last

Eggleston, Ferry, Finney, Fox, Gravely. Haight,

Halsey. Hamilton, Ilarding, Hawkins, Hill, Holman, great baitle in which any regiment happened to llorcbkies, Asaliel W. Hubbard, Richard D. Iube be mentioned was the date at which it went bard, Humphrey, Ingersoll, Jenckes, Kelley, Kerr, out of the Army or out of honorable and active

Knott, Latin, Lincoln. Lynch, McClurg. McCormick, service in the late war.

McCullough. Mercur, Moorhead, Morrissey, Myers,

Newcomb, Nicholson. Nuno, Pike, Polsley, Price, Now, here is another specimen of the " cat- Pruyn, Randall, Robertson, Robinson, Sawyer, Selye, in the meal' argument in which the gentle.

Shellabarger, Sirgreaves, Aaron F. Stevens, Stew

art, Taylor, John Trimble, Trowbridge, Upson, Van man deals. He says the Committee on Mili

Auken, Van Wyck, Cadwalader C. Washburn, tary Affairs propose to reduce the staff about Thomas Williams. Stephen F. Wilson, Wood, Woodone per cent. in the higher grades, and about

bridge, and Woodward-78. twelve per cent. in the very lowest grades.

So the substitute of Mr. BUTLER, of MassaHe wants the committee and the House to chusetts, was agreed to. strike the Army at the top. He has great

The amendment, as amended, was adopted. sympathy for all but those whom the country Mr. GARFIELD. I move the following as has honored by placing them in important sta. an additional section: tions of trust and responsibility.

And be it further enacted, That the organization of Now, Mr. Speaker, I desire to say that in

the Bureau of Military Justice shall bereafter con

sist of one Judge Adrocate General, with the rank, his own propositions offered during the con:

pay, and emoluments of a colonel: one Assistant sideration of this bill, the gentleman does not Judge Advocate General, with the rank, pay, and ask us to act thus in regard to the two highest

emoluments of a licutenant colonel, and eight As

sistant Judgo Advocates General, with the rank, pay, officers of the Army; but only after we get

and emolumnents of a major: and all proinotions and below those in high political positions does he appointments hereafter made in said bureau chall propose to strike down the Army.

bo in accordance with the provisions of this section. Mr. BUTLER, of Massachusetts. Is it not The amendment was agreed to. true, as I have said, that your bill would turn

ENROLLED BILL AND JOINT RESOLUTIONS. out all the volunteer officers ? Mr. GARFIELD. By no means.

Mr. HOPKINS, from the Committee on Mr. BUTLER, of Massachusetts. Will you

Enrolled Bilis, reported that they had exam. explain why not?

ined and found truly enrolled a bill and joint Mr. GARFIELD. Let me notice, in the first

resolutions of the following titles; when the place, the remark of the gentleman that the

Speaker signed the same: bill would strike off one per cent. of the higher

An act (S. No. 307) for the relief of certain

Government contractors ;
grades and twelve per cent of the lower. In
the case of the head of a Department, con:

Joint resolution (S. R. No. 81) placing cersisting of a single officer, how can you make

tain troops of Missouri on an equal footing a reduction unless it be a reduction of one hun

with others as to bounties; and dred cent. How can you reduce the num

Joint resolution (S. R. No. 107) in relation ber of colonels in a given department when

to the Maquoketa river, in the State of Iowa. there are only two, unless you make a reduc. MILITARY PEACE ESTABLISHMENT-AGAIN. tion of fifty per cent. This is an answer to all

The Clerk read the next section, as follows: that argument, if it be an argument at all.

Sec. 7. And be it further enacted. That bereafter We have proposed, Mr. Speaker, a reduc- the line of the Army shall consist of thirty regiments tion which I am very sure every man who has of infantry, soven regiments of cavalry, and four ever held the position of Secretary of War will

regiments of artillery; said regiments to have the

same organization as now provided by law, except say is the very extreme of reduction which the

as hereinafter provided. interests of the service will allow. We propose

Mr. GARFIELD. I move to add the fol. to reduce the staff corps by one hundred and

lowing: ten officers; and all these are oflicers who by

Provided, That three regiments of colorod infantry reason of their long service in their respective

and one regiment of colored cavalry, the officers for positions are in a great degree indispensable to such regiments to be selected by seniority from offiihe administration of the Army. Yet the gen

cers of infantry and cavalry respectively now belong

ing to the regiments of colored troops, and not less tleman proposes by the simple rule of division

than two thirds of the oflicers and enlisted men of to make a reduction of one half.

tho Veteran Reserve corps shall be retained in the [Here the hammer fell.]

service. Mr. BUTLER, of Massachusetts. I call Mr. GARFIELD. I wish to say a word in attention to the fact that the gentleman has not regard to that amendment. There were four answered my question as to the volunteer regiments in the infantry arm provided for in officers.

the bill under which the Army was reorganOn the substitute of Mr. BUTLER, of Massa- ized of persons who have been wounded in the chusetts, for the amendment offered by Mr. service. They constitute what are called tho GARFIELD, there were-ayes 35, noes 36 ; no Veteran Reserve corps. Every one of the quorum voting.

officers and men has some honorable scar reMr. BUTLER, of Massachusetts, called for ceived in battle. It did not occur to the com. the yeas and nays.

mittee when the bill was first drafted that it The yeas and 'nays were ordered.

might sweep all of those men out of the serThe question was taken ; and it was decided vice. We now propose that at least two thirds in the affirmative-yeas 66, nays54; not voting of the officers and enlisted men of the Veteran 78; as follows:

Reserve corps shall be retained in the service. YEAS-Mosers, Amos, Arnell. Axtell, Bailoy,

That will allow only of the mustering out of

per

ment.

THE CONGRESSIONAL GLOBE.

July 11,

one regiment. There are also six regiments of schools of Washington and Georgetown, Dis- object is, of course, to provide that all those
colored troops, four infantry and two cavalry, trict of Columbia, remonstrating against the States which may be admitted previous to
the enlisted men being colored soldiers. We do passage by the House of Representatives of the November next, shall be entitled to vote for
not propose to disturb the present proportions bill (H. R. No. 609) transferring the duties of electors of President and Vice President; and
of the Army in that regard. We propose there trustees of colored schools of Washington and that the States, if any, which shall not then
shall be three colored regiments of infantry | Georgetown to the trustees of public schools. have been restored to the Union shall be ex
and one regiment of colored cavalry. I now On motion of Mr. WELKER, the communi- cluded from participation in the presidential
yield to my colleague on the committee to cation was referred to the Committee for the election. The text of the resolution would
offer an amendment.
District of Columbia.

exclude Tennessee, inasmuch as she was iul! Mír. WASHBURN, of Indiana. I wish to

restored to the Union previous to the passage

MILITARY PEACE ESTABLISHMENT. move an amendment that all the regiments of

of the original act concerning reconstruction. the Veteran Reserve corps shall be retained.

The House resumed the consideration of the The sole object of the proviso reported by the The SPEAKER. The gentleman will rebill (H. R. No. 1377) to reduce and fix the

Committee on Reconstruction is to relieve Ten-
duce his amendment to writing.
military peace establishment.

nessee from the terms of the resolution.
Mr. SCHENCK. I have an amendment
The SPEAKER. The Chair will state the

Mr. ELDRIDGE. Will the gentleman from here which, I think, will meet with the gentle- l condition of the question: the gentleman from Massachusetts inform the House by what authornan's acceptance. It is to insert in this sec

Ohio [Mr. GarFIELD] moved an amendment | ity this House or the Congress can undertake tion at the end of the second line, “four of

in the nature of a proviso to the section. The | to exclude any State from the right of representawhich shall be regiments of the Veteran Reserve

gentleman froin Indiana (Mr. WASHBURX] pro- tion in the Electoral College? Under what procorps, and four regiments of colored troops.' poses to amend the original text. That will be vision of the Constitution can Congress declare Mr. WASHBURN, of Indiana. I accept

reserved till after the former is considered, as that a State shall not be represented? The genthat. It is an amendment which should be it is not an amendment to an amendment.

tleman seems to think this a very plain mauer, adopted. Every officer in that corps has been

Mr. GARFIELD. . I withdraw my amend

and one on which, I inser from his remarks, wounded or disabled in the service of the coun

ment till the other is voied upou. Trow yield | the House should vote under the operation of try. If any individuals have any claim on the to the gentleman from Massachusetts, [Mr. the previous question ; and yet the gentleman rmy it is these wounded and disabled officers. BOUTWELL.]

has not undertaken to give us the authority by They are in the Army and they should not be

ELECTORAL COLLEGE.

which Congress can exclude a State from repmustered out. If any one is turned out or Mr. BOUTWELL. I report back from the resentation in the Electoral College. I would dropped from the Army it should not be those Committee on Reconstruction the joint resolu. be glad to hear from him on that point and to who have been wounded and disabled in the ser

tion (S. No. 139) excluding from the Electoral understand upon what he bases the authority vice. If any are to be turned out rather let it

College votes of States lately in rebellion which of this Congress to act in that behalf. be the robust and able-bodied who can take shall not have been reorganized, with amend.

Mr. BOUTWELL, I cannot go at great care of themselves, and not the wounded offiments.

length into all the circumstances by which ihese cers and soldiers who have fought and suffered The SPEAKER. The consideration of this | States, through the influence of the gentlefor the country. If they are turned out they resolution at this time requires unanimous con

man's political friends, lost their representawill become pensioners. If they were not in sent. Is there objection?

tion in the Congress of the United States; but The Army they would be drawing pensions, and Mr. PHELPS. I object.

it so happened that they did withdraw seven we are saving money by keeping them there. Mr. BOUTWELL. I move to postpone the or eight years ago and they have not yet been MESSAGE FROM TIE SENATE.

bill under consideration in regard to the re- readmitted to representation here. But I say duction of the Army for the purpose of report

to him that I suppose the purpose of the inajorA message from the Senate, by Mr. Gorham, its Secretary, announced that that body had ing the joint resolution.

ity here, and, I take it, the purpose of the disagreed to the ainendments of the Senate to

The motion was agreed to; and the House country unmistakably is to lrold these States sandry bills concerning pensions, asked a con

proceeded to the consideration of the joint in the grasp of the loyal people of the country ference on the disagreeing votes of the two resolution reported by Mr. BOUTWELL.

until they are reconstructed under loyal iutluTlouses, and had ordered that Messrs. VAN

The joint resolution was read as follows: ences, with loyal majorities, ioyal State govera

Be it resolved by the Senate and House of Represent- ments, and until loyal Representatives and SenVINKLE, TRUMBLE, and EDMUNDS, be the con

alives, &c., That none of the States whose inhabit- ators are elected to Congress, and when all ferees on the part of the Senale.

ants were lately in rebellion, and which States are those things have transpired, then, as I supThe message further announced that the not now represented in Congress, shall be entitled to Senate had agreed to the committee of confer.

representation in the Electoral College for the choice pose, these States are to participate in tlie elec

of President or ice President of the United States, tion of President and Vice President of the cace on the disagreeing votes of the two Houses nor shall any electoral vote be received or counted United States. on the bill (H. R. No. 005) making appropri- from any of such States unless at tlie time prescribed itions for the legislative, executive, and judi. by law for the choice of electors the people of such

Mr. ELDRIDGE. The gentleman from States, pursuan: to the acts of Congress in that be- Massachusetts has certainly not answered, if cial expenses of the Government for the year half, shall have, since the 4th day of March, 1867, enuing June 30, 1869. adopted a constitution of Stato government under

he has attempted to answer, the question which Also, that the Senate had passed without which a State government shall have been organized

I propounded to him. I ask him for the author. and shall be in operation, and unless such election amendinent the following bills and a joint res

ity by wbich Congress may exclude States from of electors gbail have been held under the authority olution of the House : of such constitution and government, and such States

their representation in the Electoral College, A bill (H. R. No. 1119) for the registration shall have also become entitled to representation in

and he tells us that by the action of myself and and enrolment of certain foreign vessels;

Congress, pursuant to the acts of Congress in that my friends these States have ceased to be in a

behalf. A bill (H. R. No. 201) declaratory of the

position whereby they have a right to vote or

Mr. BOUTWELL. The Committee on law in regard to officers cashiered from the

to act in this capacity. The gentleman need Reconstruction have directed me to move the not tell this House any such thing as that, for Army by sentence of a general court-martial ; A bill (H. R. No. 1080) for the relief of following amendments:

he knows, and I know and God knows that it

Strike out the words “and which States are not Edward B. Allen; and

is not so. [Laughter on the Republican side now represented in Congress." Joint resolution (H. R. No. 281) author- Strike out the word "and" after the word "opera

of the House.] I tell the gentleman froin Masizing the issue of clothing to company F, eighttion," and insert the word "nor.'

sachusetts that the war was a success against

Add the following proviso: eenth regiment United States infantry.

the rebellion, and these States were saved to Provided, That nothing herein contained shall be The message further announced that the construed to apply to any State which was repre

the Union, and lie cannot humbug me or this Senate had passed bills of the following titles, sented in Congress on the 4th of March, 1867.

Congress or the people by declaring that we in which the concurrence of the House was re- So that the joint resolution, as amended, have kept them out or that we have taken any quested: will read as follows:

step that has that effect. I say to the gentleA bill (S. No. 567) relative to the Freed. That none of the States whose inhabitants were

man that every State that ever belonged to this men's Bureau, and providing for its discon

lately in rebellion shall be entitled to representation Union is to-day in this Union.

in the Electoral College for the choice of President Mr. MULLÍNS. I advise the gentleman tipuance; and

or Vice President of the United States, nor shall any A bill (S. No. 16) devoting a portion of the electoral vote be received or counted from any of

not to call

on God about this question. Fort Leavenworth reservation for the exclusive

such States, unless at the time prescribed by law for Mr. ELDRIDGE. The gentleman will not

the choice of electors the people of such States, pur- interfere with me I trust. We shall be enlightuse of a public road.

suant to the acts of Congress in that behalf, shall
CONTRACTS FOR COAL.
have, since the 4th day of March, 1867, adopted a

ened by his eloquence when the gentleman frorn constitution of State government, under which a Massachusetts yields the floor to him. [LaughThe SPEAKER laid before the House a let

State government shall have been organized and ter.] ter from the Secretary of the Navy, transmitshall be in operation, nor unless such election of

I elcctors shall have been held under the authority of

say, that if the States are kept out at all, iing, in compliance with House resolution of the such constitution and government; and such States they are kept out, as the gentleman asserts, by Gth instant, a communication from the chief of

shall have also become entitled to representation in the grasp of what he ternis "loyal" men upon

Congress, pursuant to the acts of Congress in that The Bureau of Equipment and Repairs, rela- behalf.

the ihroats of the States. I deny that loyal live to contracts for the purchase of coal; Provided, That nothing herein contained shall be men hold any States in their grasp except the which was referred to the Committee on Re.

construed to apply to any Stato which was repre- States in which they live. The loyal men of

sented in Congress on the 4th of March, 1867. trenchment, and ordered to be printed.

Massachusetts have no more right to hold tlie Mr. BOUTWELL. Mr. Speaker, the purpose State of South Carolina by the throat ihan the TRUSTEES OF COLORED SCIIOOLS.

of this resolution is so apparent from the read- State of South Carolina has the right to hold The SPEAKER also laid before the House | ing that I presume the House will be prepared the State of Massachusetts by the throai, and a communication from the trustees of colored

to vote upon it without any explanation. The Il prevent her from voting in the Electoral Col

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