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" is that
lege. I say that no such power exists and the States can be restored by the instrumentality | stood that the Democrats of the North would gentleman from Massachusetts has not under- of peace and under the lead of loyal men, they give the Radicals, as we were called, plenty taken to give us the source from which he will be restored. We work under the ensigu to do at home, so that the twelve or fifteen derives his authority. I ask him again to of peace, for the restoration of three more States of the South should have an opportunity answer to me and to this House upon what he || States to the Union. The gentleman and his to set up goveruments of their own in defiance does base his right to exclude a State from associates raise the banner of war for the of the national authority. The rebels of the representation in the Electoral College and expulsion of eight States that have already South were deceived. The Democrats of the from its right to vote?
been restored. That is the issue on which we North had not the courage or the heart to make Mr. BOUTWELL. We do not claim any such now go to the country.
good the pledges which they had given to their right, Mr. Speaker. All the organized States of Mr. ELDRIDGE. The gentleman from traitorous allies in the South; and the southern this Union are entitled to vote and will vote; Massachusetts (Mr. BOUTWELL) cannot fasten men were sacrificed-in an unholy enterprise, but in 1861-I believe the gentieman from Wis- any such position as he has stated upon me to be sure--because they were deserted by the consin was then a member of this House-we and my associates; no such position has ever men in the North on wliom they had relied. passed a resolution unanimously, nobody con. been taken by us.
I say that the Democratic Again, in 1865, when Andrew Johnson came tradicting it, that the eleven States, as he calls party has never taken any such position as that to the Presidency, the men of the South trusted them, naming them, that had gone into rebel. which the gentleman from Massachusetts to his professions and the professions of the lian in 1861 should not vote for electors of ascribes to us. We have never been opposed Democratic party that they would be susPresident and Vice President. How does the to a restoration of this Union; we have never tained in their attempt to reorganize rebel white gentleman account for his veglect to do his been opposed to the return of these States. men's governments and to trample under foot duly then? Why did not he raise his voice There has never been a moment since the war the loyal white and black men of the South. In then and ask that his associates and coworkers was inaugurated, or since peace came, or as it that they were disappointed; and they are now in the Democratic party in the attempt to dis- ought to come to bless this land, but which it | reaping the bitter fruits of their reliance upon solve the Union should come here and par- has not, there has not been a moment when Mr. Johnson and the Democracy of the North. ticipate in the presidential election of 1861? we would not cheerfully have received all those What does the Democratic party, by its late The gentleman then was silent, as I remember. States back into the Union.
action in New York, promise the South? It Mr. ELDRIDGE. I thank the gentleman But the gentlemen on the other side have says" If we can elect a Democratic President for the opportunity to say that the country was been the means of prolonging what the gentle: || and Vice President, a white man'sgovernment' then at war with the people of those States; man from Massachusetts [Mr. BOUTWELL] shall be reëstablished in the eight States of to-day peace exists from one end of this Union terms this war. If war exists to-day, if it has the South." Thus the Democracy would again to the other. The armies of the Union have existed within the last two or three years, I deceive the men of the South, whom I waru been successful, the rebellion has been sub). say the Republican party of this country is no longer to put trust in that party. Whatever dued, the people of the South acknowledge responsible for that war.
may happen, the Senate will be Republican for the authority of the Constitution, and their But, sir, there has, during the last three or the next two years. We have already relieved States to-day have the right to be represented four years, beer no war except the acts of twelve or fifteen hundred men of the South who in this Congress and in every other department war which this Congress has perpetrated upon participated in the rebellion from the disabilities of this Government, as they were represented that people and upon those States. The peo- inposed by the fourteenth amendment to the before the rebellion. If they are excluded ple of those States are broken down, crushed, Constitution. Our purpose is, as far and as fast longer, it will be the gentleman and his party trampled into the dust by the usurpations, by as they bring forth fruits meet for repronto who will exclude them. It is not their rebel- the, I had almost said, atrocious acts of this ance, to liberate them all. But if by accidens lion, it is not war, but it is the “loyal people," Congress. Sir, ihe gentleman from Massa- or by a fatality which seems outside the range of as the gentleman terms them, who are treading | chusetts knows well that the only reason why | providential influences, the Democracy should under foot the Constitution and the rights of those States are held in the grasp of despotic | succeed in the election of a President, what these people, and excluding them, as some power which he calls “loyal power
can they do for the South? Nothingduy-I pray God that day may never come- he and his associates fear that those States, if ing. We shall be obliged to stand upon the discom the people of some other locality may unite to left, as they ought to be, free to act, would act fensive and hold all ihese men for tour years exclude the State of Massachusetts, if the doc- in accord with the Democratic party. The gen. where they now are, and the Democracy will be trine of the gentleman be true.
tleman knows that all this continuation of the powerless to redeem a single proinise they now Mr. BOUTWELL. The gentleman does acts of war upon that people is designed to inake. The interest of the South, of the men well to remind the House and the country that coerce them into the support of the Republican who have been in the rebellion, is to stand tist these States, as he calls them, were excluded party and its candidates. He knows that he by the Republican party, which has shown a iu 1864 on account of the war. And three of and his associates and the party with whom disposition to be just and generous to every them are excluded to-day on account of that he acts would never have thought of subject- man in the South when we can so do without war, the effects of which have not yet ceased. ing those States to the control of the ignorant | danger to republican institutions.
In 1860 and 1861, as the gentleman very negroes there but for the purpose of extending But, sir, look at the letter of Frank Blair. well knows, the Democratic party of the coun- the lease of power of the party to which he || [Cries of " Read it!" from the Republican try entered upon a crusade to break up this Gov. belongs. He dare not, upon his conscience side of the House.] Yes, sir, let it be read. ernment and attempted to wrest eleven States and before his God, deny that that is the sole It cannot be read too often in the presence of from the control of the Constitution and to purpose for which this whole scheme was the forty-five men who signed and presented separate then from the Union. Under the lead || inaugurated and for which he now seeks to pass a protest here against the admission of memof the loyal men in the South we have substan. this bill. The only object is to prolong the bers from the State of Arkansas, upon the tially restored eight of these States to the Union || lease of unhallowed power which his party has same grounds substantially as those presented against the protests made by the forty-five gen- too long held in this country. I challenge that in Blair's letter. tlemen who sit on the other side of the House. gentleman to join with us and place those Mr. ELDRIDGE. I am glad the gentleman And now, under the lead of that protest and States, as the Constitution places them, upon is going to have that letter read. of the platform laid down by their candidate terms of perfect equality with his State. I say The Clerk read as follows: for the Vice Presidency, they propose to again again that if this doctrine upon which gentle
WASHINGTON, June 30, 1868. involve this country in a war for the purpose men on the other side have been acting is still DEAR COLONEL: In reply to your inquiries. I bog of thrusting those eight restored States out of to be carried out, the day will come, which I
leave to say that I leave to you to determine, on the Union. That is exactly the position the
consultation with my friends from Missouri, whether with those gentlemen would deplore, when
my name shall be presented to the Democratic cunDemocratic party occupies now.
For the pur
Massachusetts may be upon her knees begging vention, and to submit the following, as what I conpose of destroying the Union they brought upon for the rights which the Constitution guaran
sider the real and only issue in this contest: this country one war, which cost four million
The reconstruction policy of the Radicals will be ties her and all the States, and which are now
complete before the next election; the States so iong dollars, and three hundred thousand lives; and denied to the States of the South.
excluded will have been admitted; negro suffrago now, when we have nearly restored it, without Mr. BOUTWELL. Mr. Speaker, no State
established and the carpet-baggers installed in their the sacrifice of a single life, so far as the restor- that is true to this Union will ever have occasion
seats in both branches of Congress. There is no pos
sibility of changing the political character of tho ation is concerned, the Democratic party pro- to go upon its knees begging for its rights. If Senato, even if the Democrats should elect their poses to engage in another war, under the lead the Democratic party had been true to this
President and a majority of the popular branch of
Congress. We cannot, therefore, undo the Radical of an aspirant for the Vice Presidency, who || Union, as Massachusetts was true, during the
plan of reconstruction by congressional action : the is, in fact, a conspirator against the Govern- last eight years, none of these States would Senate will continue a bar to its repeal. Must we ment of the country, and this for the purpose now be here suppliants for restoration to the
submit to it? How can it be overtbrown? It can of driving out of the Union the eight States that benefits of a Government which a few years
only be overthrown by the authority of the Executiro
who is sworn to maintain the Constitution, and who have already been restored under our lead and ago, under the lead of the gentleman and his will fail to do his duty if he allows the Constitution under the power of peace. friends, they spurned.
to perish under a series of congressional enactments 65 War for the destruction of the Union” is Now, sir, one word more, which I would be
which are in palpable violation of its fundamental
principles. the motto under which the gentleman's friends | glad to address to the people of the South. If the President elected by the Democracy enforces and former associates have rallied during the || In 1860 and 1861, Democrats of the North
or permits others to enforce these reoonstruction
acts, the Radicals by the accession of twenty spulast eight years ; it is the mo to which he and such men as Franklin Pierce of New Hamp
rious Senators and fifty Representatives will control they now emblazon on their banner for this shire-encouraged the rebels of the South to both branches of Congress, and bis administration presidential contest, and for the next four years. engage in war, telling them that in the event will be as power.ess as the present one of Mr. JohnOur motto is “ peace and the restoration of of such a contest blood would flow in the
Thoro is but one way to restore the Government the Uuion." And so soon as the other three streets of the North, intending it to be under- and the Constitution, and that is for the President
elect to declare these acts null and void, compel the from Massachusetts announced in his opening is for the gentleman from Massachusetts to Army to undo its usurpations at the South, disperse
remarks it was well known what was the pur- show with his own finger the clause in the the carpet-bag State governments, allow the white people to reorganize their own governments, and elect
pose of this bill, and therefore he reluctantly Constitution which confers the power this bill Senators and Representatives. The House of Repre- admitted of any discussion, and indicated his assumes to give. It is not my duty to prove sentatives will contain a majority of Domocrats from
intention to put it through under the previous a negative ; it is his to make out an ailirin. the North, and thoy will admit the Representatives elected by the white people of the South, and with question.
ative. the coöperation of the President it will not be ditfi - The purpose of the bill is perfectly well Mr. DAWES. Does the gentleman claim cult to compel the Senate to submit once more to the
known. It is to hold this vast territory stretch- that the electors from each State may be obligations of the Constitution. It will not be able to withstand the public judgment, if distinctly in
ing from the Potomac to the Rio Grande under chosen according to the law of, in the manner voked and clearly expressed on this fundamental the tutelage of this and the other branch of prescribed by each State, or that they shall be issue, and it is the sure way to avoid all future strife
Congress; not of the convention appointed by chosen by some uniform law, and that a law to put the issue plainly to the country.
I repeat that this is the real and only question the Constitution to count these votes, the only of Congress?
Mr. BROOKS. Suppose I admit that. All zance of the electoral votes, but to hold this been overthrown, or shall we exert ourselves for its
the Constitution says is that Congress shall full and complete restoration? It is idle to talk of vast territory under the tutelage of the two- determine the time of choosing electors, and bonds, greenbacks, gold, the public faith, and the thirds majority in the two Houses of Congress. the day on which they shall be chosen. public credit. What can a Democratic President do in regard to any of these with a Congress in both
If in the Electoral College the ten southern Mr. DAWES. On what page is that. branches controlled by the carpet-baggers and their States are found to be loyal'' their electoral Mr. BROOKS. Article two, section one, allies? He will be powerless to stop the supplies by vote will be counted, but if they are found to of the Constitution. which idle negrocs are organized into political clubs
be Democratic the two Houses of. Congress by which an army is maintained to protect these vag:
Mr. STEVENS, of Pennsylvania. Read the abonds in their outrages upon the ballot. These, and will reject their votes.
whole of it. things like these, eat up the revenues and resources The gentleman from Massachusetts [Mr. Mr. BROOKS. I will read it: of the Government and destroy its credit-mako the differenco between gold and greenbacks. We must BOUTWELL] 'has discovered by the election
"The Congress may determine the time of choose restore the Constitution before we can restore the recently held in Mississippi that the negroes, ing the electors, and the day on which they shall finances, and to do this we must have a President even the ignorant negroes of the South, are give their votes; which day shall be the same tbrougbwho will execute the will of the people by trampling into dust the usurpation of Congress, known as the unwilling to be ridden, booted and spurred, by
out the United States." reconstruction acts. I wish to stand beforo the con- delegates and carpet-baggers from Massachu: That is all the power Congress has. And vention upon this issue, but it is one which embraces setts and other States of the Union. The negro now permit me to go on. cverything else that is of value in its large and comprehensive results. It is the one thing that include is about tired of that sort of operation by emi
Mr. BOUTWELL. We have not a great all that is worth a contest, and without it there is grants from the North who have gone down deal of time. nothing that gives dignity, honor, or value to the there for the purpose of being sent to the Capi- Mr. BROOKS. The gentleman allowed me struggle. Your friend, FRANK P. BLAIR, ·
tol at Washington from the plantations of the to be interrupted by his colleague [Mr. Dawes] Colonel JAMES 0. BROADHEAD.
South. Hence the purpose of this bill, clearly on the express condition that I should go on.
written on the face of it, is if these southern I did not seek this side controversy. Mr. BROOKS. If the gentleman will go on
States vote as the two Houses of Congress Mr. FARNSWORTH. Let me call the genand have the Democratic platform read it will direct their votes shall be counted ; if not, hold tleman's attention to another provision of the then be complete. them in tutelage and reject their votes.
Constitution. Mr. BOUTWELL. We have had it read Mr. DAWES. Will the gentleman yield? Mr. BROOKS. Oh, no; the gentleman can already.
Mr. BROOKSI would be answered m. PERDOKS. I mean the platform adopted by the gentleman from Massachuseting mething has ample power. Afl am here at the mercy of
obtain after I am done, because he by the Democratic convention.
place when I am done. I am but a tenant of a very large adverse majority, and time is prel ihe at will.
cious to me. of observation that the Democratic convention SF. BOUTWELL. If my colleague desires Mr. FARNSWORTH. It might aid the at New York sat four days, differing, I suppose, to put a question I will consent to allow the gentleman's argument. judging from their votes, as to who should be gentleman time to answer.
Mr. BROOKS. I must decline to yield. their candidate for the Presidency, and after Mr. DA WES. I desire to put a question | The honorable gentleman from Massachusetts, the disposition of that question on a single bal; | touching the political aspect of the case. Does [Mr. BOUTWELL,] doing what I wish could have lot and with perfect unanimity they nominated not the gentleman hold that Congress has been avoided, introduced party topics and party the writer of this letter to be their candidate | anthority to prescribe the mode in which mem. excitement in the midst of this discussion, and for the Vice Presidency of the United States. bers of the Electoral College shall be chosen? in the course of his remarks he said that our Now, what does he propose to do? He pro- Mr. BROOKS. But this bill goes further. political friends on this side of the House had poses that the President of the United States, Mr. DAWES. I would like to have an brought about the late calamitous war. Sir, without law, and of course without constitu. answer to the question.
there was a history of that war writien out tional authority, shall take the Army and drive Mr. BROOK's. But this bill goes further. long before the firing on Fort Sumter, and out of this House and out of the Senate the When that case is presented I will answer it, | long before the assembling of the southern members entitled by the operation of the law but it is not a case presented here.
States in convention, and in all their princi. and under the provisions of the Constitution to Mr. DAWES. If the gentleman declines to | ples and associations, and practically in their seats in this House and in the Senate; and not answer I will put another.
very acts of rebellion, they were educated by only that, but to proceed with the Army to the Mr. BROOKS. That only relates to the the State which the gentleman from Massachueight States in the South and disperse the Legis- | time and place of holding elections--to time setts in part represents, and which were car latures thereof, set up new Legislative Assemmore especially.
ried out in the Hartford convention, and in blies to be elected by the votes of rebel wbite Mr. DAWES. Does the gentleman hold | other victorious acts of the State of Massachumev only, and Senators and Representatives are that any one may be a member of an Electoral setts. to be elected by those men to the Congress of the
College who is not chosen in conformity to Sir, the war was not begun by the DemoUnited States, and by the military power to be law ?
cratic party of the South. The war was no put into their seats. It is distinctly declared Mr. BROOKS. Congress has explicit power, more begun by the Democratic party of the by Frank P. Blair, jr., that it is the duty of the and only the power, as I have stated before, to South than by the Whigs of the South. The President of the United States, a Democratic determine the time of choosing the electors and one party was as much responsible for it as President of the United States, to usurp the the day on which they shall give their votes, was ibe other. When the lionorable gentlepowers of the Senate and of the House and to
which shall be the same throughout the United man spoke of the incitement and the promises annihilate eight States by arms and to set up in States. Any other power on this subject exer- given by the Democrats of the North to supthose eight military governments States. cised by Congress is an arbitrary power. The port the war against the Union, I wonder that
Mr. MUNGEN. Will the gentleman let me Constitution of the United States prescribes on looking at the gentlemen around him who ask him a question ?
that every State is entitled to two Senators in were then leaders in the Democratic party he Mr. BOUTWELL. Yes, sir.
the other House, and a representation in pro- did not have sufficient respect for their feelings Mr. MUNGEN. I ask the gentleman where portion to population on this floor. It in like to abstain from making such remarks in their he was when Frank Blair was fighting the manner prescribes that the number of electors presence. Sir, he is surrounded on all sides battles of his country?
sball correspond with the number of Senators by Democrats who were conspicuous by their Mr. BOUTWELL. I was in the service of and Representatives, while this bill assumes positions and by the speeches which they the country; but one thing I never did, I never on the part of Congress, in defiance of those made prior to the opening of the war, and wbatprofessed to serve under a commission as a two provisions of the Constitution, to exclude ever imprudent remarks may have been made General in the Army, and to serve in this House these States from having their electoral votes by any other persons, they are as much responsas a member of Congress, exercising civil func- counted here on the floor of the House.
ible for such remarks as any one, and they tiors and military authority at the same time, in Mr. DAWES Will the gentleman answer are now leading gentlemen upon that side of violation of the Constitution and the theory of another question I will venture to put to him? the House. the Government of the United States.
I would like to inquire where in the Constitu- Sir, the war did not begin by the firing on Mr. BROOKS. I wish to make a few re- tion the legislative power of Congress over Fort Sumter, but it began by the invasion of marks.
this matter is confined to time, place, and John Brown, [laughter,] supported by guns Mr. BOUTWELL. Iyield to the gentleman | manner?
and pikes and arms and money contributed by from New York.
Mr. BROOKS. What is not granted in the the State of Massachusetts and other New Eng. Mr. BROOKS. The honorable gentleman Il Constitution is refused in the Constitution. It || land and northwestern States. The first inva
sion of that war was the invasion of Virginia to the gentleman from Kentucky [Mr. Beck] counting of the electoral votes; and by that by the little cohort of John Brown. The first after I get a reply from the gentleman from law we excluded from the count all the States tocsin of war was sounded then. The first New York [Mr. Brooks) to a question I desire in rebellion, thus showing at least the jurisdic. resistance to an act of Congress which was to ask him. I wish the gentleman from New tion of Congress upon this subject ? preached and practiced came not from the York to give a definite answer without argu- Mr. BROOKS. Let me ask the gentleman South, but was in the State of Massachusetts ment to the question, whether he approves from Pennsylvania whether the existing state and in the city of Boston. However unpopu- and sustains the letter of Francis P. Blair, jr., of the country now in 1868 is not very differ. lar or odious inay have been the fugitive-slave which has been read by the Clerk.
ent from what it was at the time to which he law, however distasteful it may have been to Mr. BROOKS. The gentleman and myself alludes ? all parties, to the Democratic as well as to the are both Yankees ; let us exchange questions. Mr. STEVENS, of Pennsylvania. Not a bit! Republican party, it was a law of Congress, a I propose, if the gentleman will allow me, to [Laughter.] constitutional law, a law which, when first dwell upon the Blair letter at some little length Mr. BROOKS. Are we in a state of re. enacted, was approved by George Washington, in answer to his question.
·bellion ? supported throughout by all Administrations Mr. BOUTWELL. I will yield five min- Mr. STEVENS, of Pennsylvania. You are and declared to be a constitutional law, I am utes more to the gentleman on the Blair letter. in a state of rebellion, [laughter ;] and I'rank told by the gentleman from Massachusetts Mr. BROOKS. In the first place I do not Blair so declares. He declares that the only himself, and yet the first fatal lesson of resist- suppose that Mr. Blair had a right to create a course for the Democratic party is to elect a ance to law, ihe first educator in the violation platform for the party. I presume when he President who shall send the armies of the of law was in the city of Boston and in the con- accepts the nomination for Vice President he Union to uproot all we have done in recontiguous towns, which rescued from the writs of accepts the platform of the party without ref- structing the South, forcibly deprive of the the United States marshal of the district a sub- erence to his own individual opinions. But right of suffrage about half of the legal voters, ject of that fugitive-slave law in utter defiance in regard to the Blair letter allow me to say reëstablish the institution of slavery, reorganof the law. They who have educated others what I understand the letter to be, and ize the white man's Government,'' and enforce to defy the laws--ihe constitutional laws--who what is the doctrine of the Democratic party as the law of that country, not what Congress have been teachers of violation of laws, and upon the subject of that letter. If the Su- says shall be the law, but what he and the who have brought the country up to a disre- preme Court of the United States has declared, Democratic party may determine. Is not that gard of those laws, ought to be among the last as we believe the Supreme Court of the United rebellion ? to reproach others who have followed their States has declared, that the reconstruction Mr. BROOKS. Sir, the Democratic party example and who have been educated in their acts of Congress are unconstitutional, then the is always in rebellion against tyranny and school.
moment that declaration of the Supreine Court tyrants. (Laughter.] The honorable gentleman from Massachu- is promulgated all those acts become officially Mr. STEVENS, of Pennsylvania. So it is ; setts was pleased to say, in imputation upon or null and void, and it then becomes the duty of and anything but a “'white man's Government" in derogation of the Democratic party, that the President of the United States to repeal Democratic" Government-is with that there were evidences of this war all around us. those acts by all the executive authority which party“ tyranny.'' They are always in rebelSir, there are in our taxation and in our debt, is within his power.
They are acts without lion against everything but “ Democratic," in that taxation to which we and our posterity the authority of law, and are binding upon no pro-slavery rule. For slavery is as the apple will be subject throughout all time, unless we one, and whoever attempts to execute those of their eye; slavery they “roll like a sweet can recover the power and better frame and acis goes against the law and the decision of morsel under their tongues." And when the control the legislation of Congress. For that the constituted judicial authority of the land. || Republicans have stricken slavery from the war, the honorable member from Massachu- That is all I understand Mr. Blair to say in institutions of this country, declaring every setts and the inen with whom he has acted and his letter; that the Supreme Court of the Uni- man as free as air, the Democracy call upon whose principles were his in the olden time are ted States, as it is believed, having declared in the people to elect a President who shall reas much responsible as the party with which I the McCardle case that the reconstruction acts establish the old Government, (those are the am associated at the present time.
of Congress are unconstitutional, it becomes very words, I believe,) a President who shall The honorable gentleman from Massachu. the duty of the Executive, whenever the pro- exclude from the ballot a large part of the setts [Mr. BOUTWELL) then grew eloquent upon mulgation of that decision is made, to carry present voters, and allow the right of suffrage the position of the Democratic party in its out the declaration of the Supreme Court, and to those only who enjoyed the right under the recent convention in the city of New York ; to restore the laws of the country to what they old slave system. and in the course of the remarks of the gentle were before the enactment of those acts by the But, sir, I rose simply to show that Congress man upon the letter of the next Vice Presi- two Houses of Congress.
possesses jurisdiction of this subject, which the dent he asks us what is to be our course, and I believe those laws to be unconstitutional | gentleman from New York denied. We exerwhat we intend to do.
and void ; we have so declared them to be in cised jurisdiction before Mr. Lincoln was Sir, I dare not undertake to be the exponent our platform ; but if the Supreme Court of elected the second time. We passed a law to of the Democratic party; no man now on this the United States should declare them consti- exclude in the presidential election the votes floor has the right to be that. There is the tutional, we shall submit to them, if not with of the rebel States. That settles the question platform of our party; there it is on the record. cheerfulness with deference profound and of jurisdiction. So that the only question is as Upon that we stand, and upon that we intend humble ; for we acknowledge our constitutional to the expediency of the proposed law. to stand. I refer to the resolution of the Dem- duty to obey all the laws of the land as ex- Mr. BROOKS. Let me ask the gentleman ocratic national convention assembled in the pounded by the supreme judicial tribunal. a question. From what provision of the Concity of New York; that is our record.
That is the platform of the Democratic party; stitution, unless it be that with regard to supif the honorable gentleman expects us to that is the platform of General Blair, our can- pressing insurrection and rebellion, does he accept the issue he proposes, if he expects that didate for the Vice Presidency; and if the derive the authority to pass such a bill as this? we are to sit down in quiet and contentment honorable gentleman from Massachusetts can Mr. STEVENS, of Pennsylvania. I derive under these reconstruction acts, I tell him that make more of it than the explanation I have it from the provision giving Congress authority he indulges in the vainest of all dreams. We given, he has greater astuteness than New to open and count the electoral votes. Of course willexert all our power here and everywhere to England men usually have; and few have more we are to provide the means by which that shall repealand overthrow those acts in every possible | than they.
be done.Should Canada be allowed to send constitutional manner. We go before the peo- Now, Mr. Speaker, as we are both Yankees, || in electoral votes? And on the saine prinple with pride upon this issue. Shall the eight I wish the gentleman would give me his opin- ciple have we not the power to exclude the rebel 80-called reconstructed States of the South ion of the third resolution of the Republican States? Yet they were always in the Union, continue to be governed by negroes almost platform?
they were always entitled to be represented exclusively, or are they to be governed as are Mr. BOUTWELL. No, sir; I cannot go here, according to the doctrine the States of Ohio, Minnesota, Wisconsin, into a discussion of the Republican platforin || tleman and his slavery tribe, for it is nothing New York, and Pennsylvania? Are they to be at present. We are disposing of another plat- better. The Democratic party! Why, sir, it governed by white men, or are they to be gov. forin to-day, and that is sufficient.
is the slave party. It is nothing but a slave erned by negroes? That is our issue, and upon Mr. Speaker, I have agreed to yield five party, and it will be a slave party until we grind that issue we proudly appeal from you in this minutes to the gentleman from Kentucky [Mr. thein to powder under our heels, and Freedom, Hall to the people of the United States. ВЕск.)
with the flapping of her wings, shall blow Mr. BOUTWELL. I must now resume the Mr. STEVENS, of Pennsylvania. I would the dust out of existence and consign them to floor; but I would like to put a question to like to have about three minutes.
everlasting oblivion. God grant that day may the gentleman from New York, [Mr. Brooks.] Mr. BECK. I will postpone my remarks soon come! [Laughter.]
Mi. BROOKS. Is it generous on the part until the gentleman from Pennsylvania gets The SPEAKER. The gentleman from Masof the gentleman from Massachusetts, (Mr. through.
sachusetts has twelve minutes left. BOUTWELL,] with his control and power over Mr. BOTTWELL. I yield, then, in the first Mr. BOUTWELL. I will yield five minutes this debate, to arrest it in this way?
place to the gentleman from Pennsylvania. to the gentleman from Kentucky, Mr. BECK. Will the gentleman from Mas- Mr. STEVENS, of Pennsylvania. I merely Mr. BECK. Mr. Speaker, as the proposition sachusetts allow me five minutes to speak to want to inquire of the gentleman from New before the House seemed to have been lost sight this joint resolution, and the amendments pro- York [Mr. Brooks] whether he recollects of in the political discussion which has sprung posed to it by the Committee on Reconstruc- that in 1864, before the last presidential elec- l up, I promised the gentleman from Massachu. tion, eschewing politics altogether?
tion, this Congress passed a law similar to the setts (Mr. BoUTWELL] if he would allow me five Mr. BOUTWELL. I will yield five minutes bill now before us, to regulate the opening and minutes that I would avoid general politics
the gen: and confine myself to the pending question. their electoral votes. If they vote for Grant years under the lead of the Democracy of the I will endeavor to comply with my promise. they will be considered as entitled, if against South, and with the sympathy, coöperation, I find no warrant in the Constitution for the him they will not be entitled ; not even the and support of the Democrncy of the North, powers sought to be conferred by this resolu- now fully-admitted States of North Carolina, carried on a war aggressive always, and some tion on the Congress of the United States. It | Arkansas, and Florida. In this way the two times formidable, against the laws and Coustiprovides that each State shall appoint, in such Houses when assembled simply to count the tution of the country. inanner as the Legislature thereof may direct, vote will determine, not in their legislative Mr. MARSHALL. Will the gentleman yield a number of electors equal to the whole num- capacity, but as a convention, all the legal to me for a very short time? ber of Senators and Representatives to which questions relating to these States, the recon. Mr. BOUTWELL. I have only a few min. the State may be entitled in Congress; that struction laws to the contrary notwithstauding: utes. The chairman of the Committee on they shall meet in their respective States and The fifth section of the act of March 2, 1857, Appropriations gives me notice that in twenty vote by ballot for President and Vice Presi- after setting forth in detail what the southern minutes he will bring up a question of privident, making distinct lists of all persons voted States shall be required to do as indispensable | lege which will take me from the floor. Therefor as President, and of all persons voted for prerequisites to their readmission, says after fore I cannot yield. as Vice President, and of the number of votes all these things are done:
Mr. MARSHALL. The gentleman has put for each, which lists they shall sign and certify, “Said State sball be declared entitled to repre- a very pertinent question to this side of ibe and transmit sealed to the President of the sentation in Congress, and Senators and Represent- House.
atives shall be admitted therefrom on their taking Senate, who shall, in the presence of the Sen
Mr. BOUTWELL. I am not putting a questhe oath prescribed by law, and then and thereafter ate and House of Representatives, open all the the preceding sections of this act shall be inopera- tion; I am stating facts. certificates, and the votes shallthen be counted, tive in said States."
Mr. MARSHALL. I wish to say a single the person having the greatest number of votes Section six provides that until the people of word if the gentlemau will permit me. shall be President, &c. The opening of the said rebel States shall be by law admitted to Mr. BOUTWELL. Very well. certificates and counting the votes is the only representation in the Congress of the United Mr. MARSHALL. I have heard these power Congress has, unless it be the power to States any civil governments which may exist | charges frequently made against the Democdetermine the time of choosing the electors, and therein shall be deemed provisional only, and racy of the northern States of their having the day on which they shall give their votes, in all respects subject to the paramount author- directly or indirectly taken part in secession or which day shall be the same throughout the ity of the United States at any time to abolish, | rebellion ; but, sir, they are not sustained by United States. From what source, then, does modify, control, or supersede the same; yet in facts, as every intelligent man in the country Congress derive the power or authority to pass
defiance of this, their own favorite measure, must know. There were a few men in the such a resolution as is now proposed?
the majority here now propose to count the North that did, at Charleston, when the DealoBut flagrantly wrong as the Senate resolution votes of all the southern States that inay hap; || cratic party was unfortunately broken up, ittis, the annendment proposed by the Recon. pen to cast their electoral votes for General
augurate a movemerit in that direction, genstruction Committee is infinitely worse. The Grant, whether they have been admitted or tleinen who were inclined for a time to act Senate excluded from the operation of the not, their vote being the requisite evidence with the secession party in going into rebelresolution the States lately in rebellion which that they are entitled to admission, and to lion. But they were very few in number, while are now represented in Congress; the proposed
reject the electoral vote even of North Caro. the entire party in the North neither directly amendment brings within its provision the lina, Arkansas, and Florida, though now fully nor indirectly took part in the rebellion. On States of Arkansas, North Carolina, and Flor. admitted, uotwithstanding the provisions of the other hand, thousands and thousands laid ida, whose Representatives are now occupying the fifth section, which I have read, declaring | down their lives in defense of the Union and seats here and at the other end of the Capitol, all the reconstruction acts inoperative as soon the Constitution, by which they have stood at whether rightfully or wrongfully I do not care as the States are admitted, if these admitted all times. The few who stood by the secesto consider now. They are here-admitted, I States shall, as they will, cast their votes sion movement in the South were not in affilisuppose, with the same rights and privileges as against the Radical candidate.
ation with the Democratic party, but are actany of us. The States they represent are [Here the hammer fell.]
ing with the Republican or Radical party loeither coequal States with all the others, or their Mr. BOUTWELL. I now demand the pre: || day. Representatives are not properly on this floor. vious question, and after it is seconded, I will The great body of the Democratic party of What right, then, has this House to say that the reply to remarks made by gentlemen on the the North have beer true to the Union, the electors chosen in accordance with the laws of other side.
Constitution, and the enforcement of the lass these States shall not have tbe same rights and Mr. ELDRIDGE. I ask for a division on at all times. They opposed the rebels when in be entitled to the same privileges as the electors seconding the previous question. I do not arms, and they are opposed to rebels called appointed or elected in any other State? Are think the House is prepared to second it. now the Radical party, when by an unfortui. these States still unreconstructed? Are they The question being taken, there were--ayes nate coincidence of circumstances they have still in vassalage to Congress ? Are they exist- 81, noes 22.
control of the legislation of this country, and ing only so long as they shall continue to vote So the main question was seconded.
have disregarded the Constitution and have and act in all things as the majority here may Mr. ELDRIDGE. I only wanted to see been for three years trampling it beneath their dictate? I have no doubt the whole meaning how many Democrats were out of their places. | unhallowed feet. The gentleman cannot point and purpose of the resolution and the amend- [Laughter.]
to the action of the Democratic party anywhere ment is to count as valid all such electoral Mr. STEVENS, of Pennsylvania. Every || in the North in any State, or in any organizavotes from all these States as may be cast for one is out of his place that is here. [Laughter.] || tion anywhere giving encouragement to the General Grant, and on some pretext or other The main question was then ordered. rebels while in arms against the Constitution to reject all such as may be cast against him, Mr. BOUTWELL. I do not wish to occupy and the Union. The charge is not only not and the sooner the country understands it the much time in debate. The House will bear true, but every gentleman of intelligence in this better. Tennessee is expressly excluded from witness that I was brought into the political | country must know that it has no foundation the operation of this resolution. Perhaps it is discussion by the question or series of questions | in fact. Mr. Lincoln himself time and again understood that she has been so managed and which were put by the gentleman from Wis. || acknowledged that if it had not been for the her people so far disfranchised that her vote is consin, (Mr. ELDRIDGE.] But now I have a Democratic party at the North the rebels in the safe, while that of Arkansas, North Carolina, few observations to make upon those matters South must have been successful in their efforts and Florida, as well as that of the other south: which have been introduced during the discus- to break up the Goverument, or rather to withern States, cannot be controlled even under sion on the one side and the other.
draw from it and set up a separate governinent. the process of reconstruction to which they Thegentleman from New York [Mr. BROOKS) He time and again acknowledged that, and it have been subjected.
was pleased to speak of me personally and of can be proved. And he remarked at one time The resolution is artfully drawn so as to gentlemen on this side of the House as having to a distinguished gentleman, in the presence invest Congress with full power to do whatever in times past disregarded the laws of the land. of a Radical member of this House, that the may be necessary in determining whether the Sir, I know of no such case. And when I gentlemen of his own party were very good at electoral vote shall be counted or not, and the speak of myself personally I speak also of the resolutions and long prayers, but if it was not gentleman who presented the amendment, will party to which I belong. 'We have obeyed the for the stubborn valor of the Democracy of the not deny that I have stated truly the meaning laws at all times and under all circumstances, North the Union would have been compelled and object of the amendment proposed. In when, as I am free to confess, those laws were down before the rebellion. order to extend the power of Congress over the disagreeable in their character and of doubtful Mr. BOUTWELL. I resume the floor. electoral votes of the ten States of the South constitutionality. But can the gentleman say || The gentleman cannot have forgotten the letter as far as possible, this resolution sets aside the as much for himself and for his associates? In of his leader, Franklin Pierce, of the 16th of reconstruction acts of Congress, and not only 1860, by the strictest observance of the Consti- || January, 1861. He cannot have forgotten the allows the Senate and House of Representa- tution and laws of the country we elected Abra- letter of his associate upon this tloor, when tives when assembled to count the electoral ham Lincoln, of Illinois, President of the Uni- mayor of the city of New York, to the suchorvotes, to admit or reject the votes of such of ted States. Three months before his inaugura- || ities of Savannah, in the State of Georgia. He the southern States as shall by law be admitted tion the State which was the champion of the cannot have forgotten the resolution of the to representation in the Congress of the United ancient, pro-slavery, secession, disunion Dem- convention at Chicago in August, 1864, declarStates, but of all such as shall be entitled to be ocracy passed an ordinance of secession from ing the war a failure and demanding a cessaadmitted to such representation. Of course, the Union in violation of the laws and of the tion of hostilities. He cannot have forgotten whether they are entitled to be so admitted Constitution of the country, and followed by the riots of the 2d and 3d of July, 1863, in the will depend altogether upon how they cast ten other of these eleven States, for four long Il city of New York, when his candidate for the
Presidency addressed the rioters of that city who letters written by Governor Holden, of North cratic party, and under the power of the malad kindled the flames of war in the commercial Carolina.
jority we liave had no opportunity to reply. metropolis of the country and murdered chil- Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. I ask the I wish to say now to the llouse and to the coundren and unoffending persons-addressed those Clerk to read the extract I send up to his desk. try that there is a forum where we will be able men, then reeking with the crimes from which The Clerk read as follows:
to be heard on equal terms. The great mass they had just come, as “my friends." He can
"GENERAL N. B. FORREST.
of the people of the country will be at the polls pot have forgotten the hostility which his polit
"General Forrest is the hero of the Tennesseedele
in November next, and there we will brand ical associates throughout the North manifested gation and divides attention in the convention with these libels as they deserve; there we will meet to the entorcement of the draft. He cannot Wade Hampton. As a cavalry oflicer he had no our accusers and rebut their unfounded calumhave forgotten the sympathetic speeches that equal in the war, and even now as he inoves up and
nies. down the hall his tall, handsome figure looming up,
We have no opportunity of doing so were made upon the floor of this House in the and his fine face lit; the same old soldier spirit is here, under the outrages practiced by the Thirty-Eighth and Thirty-Ninth Congresses. strong within the man, and he cvidently mistakes majority in depriving the minority of their He cannot have forgotten the declarations of
the secretary's voice for a bugie-call, and his nature
just rights in debate. Thus the inost outthe press in various parts of the country repre- The general, although in the costume of a civilian, rageous libels and talsehoods may be promulsenting the Democratic party, denouncing every has about him the look of one who wants to be accu- gated from day to day, we being deprived of
pied and doing something. His manner is free and measure for the prosecution of the war and holdpleasing, with a characteristic bonhommie which is
the opportunity to meet and refute them. I ing up the generals of the Army and the men
quite taking with all whom he is introduucd to. Ilo appeal to the people of the country to observe intrusted with civil affairs to the odium of the does not say much at present, and cannot sit quietly the manner in which the minority are treated
because of his nature, but will be heard of, no doubt, people of the country and to the anathemas of
here from day to day; and I remind gentlemen before the convention closes." the world. More than this, to-day the party with
on the other side that there is a forum where which he coöperates is sympathizing with rebels.
Mr. MULLINS. That is the hero of the
we shall be heard-a forum before which we They demand the prostration of the loyal people | bloody massacre at Fort Pillow.
will fasten upon the party that has held posof the South, black and white, and the restora
Mr. BOUTWELL. I have now said enough || session of the Government for the last eight tion to authority in those States of the men
to show that the Democratic party were in years the atrocities of which they have been who had been engaged in the rebellion. Let
sympathy with the men who inaugurated this l guilty; and they will receive at the hands of me read; and you, men who fought at Shiloh, rebellion; that they were in sympathy with the an indignant people the verdict which they you who were encamped before Vicksburg in men who carried it on; that they are now in
deserve. 1863, you who returned maimed and wounded sympathy with the men who propose to inang. Mr. SCHENCK. Mr. Speaker, we accept from the bloody fields of Antietam and Gettys- urate another rebellion, of whoin the leader that appeal to the people and to the polls. We burg, you who marched with Sherman from the is Frank Blair.
shall be there to meet these threats made in mountains to the sea, you who remain of that
I say this to the people of the country: when | 1862, repeated in 1864, rehearsed again in 1866, bloody band who fought the battles of the you look at the bills reported by the Committee and now revived in 1868-to meet them with Wilderness and who finally at Appomattox on Appropriations and find $30,000,000 for the same result, the putting down by the power Court House save the surrender of Lee and the pensions to the widows and orphans of the of the people of men who have assailed every end of the rebellion, listen to what the organ
dead, and to the wounded and maimed of the interest of the country and sought to betray the of the Democratic party, on the 4th of July, | living, know that it is the Democratic party | loyal men of the nation into the hands of the 1868, under the influence of the rebels assem- which has imposed this responsibility of justice | country's enemies. bled in council at Tammany Hall, said to the and benevolence upon you. When the tax- Mr. MARSHALL. If gentlemen on the people of New York and of the country con- gatherer comes and demands five per cent. of other side were capable of magnanimity they cerning the men who inaugurated the rebellion,
the income of each man in this country, that would allow us to meet those questions here. and wlion you subdued in arms. I read from is the tribute which you pay for the supremacy Mr. SCHENCK. I have already yielded to the New York World, and first the heading: of the Democracy up to the year 1861. When the gentleman a part of my time, and I proTHE DELEGATES. you are called upon to appropriate $130,000,000
pose now to go on without interruption. "PERSONAL DESCRIPTION OF THE MEMBERS OF THE
a year to meet the interest upon the public debt, Now, Mr. Speaker, I am glad that this little CONVENTIOX.'
that is the penalty the people of this country | preliminary discussion, to be followed here"THEIR RECORD OF SERVICES TO THE NATIOx.” pay for having so long confided their interests
alter by those others to which the gentleman The men on whom the Republic relies for to the Democratic party. When the figures are refers us, has taken place. I am glad that the salvation.
presented to your consideration, representing | gentleman from Wisconsin [Mr. EldriDGE] First:
the present amount of the national debt, || interrupted my friend from Massachusetts [Mr. " Hon. John A. Winston is also an ex-Governor, a $2,500,000,000, then remember that that is a
BOUTWELL) with his interrogatory, which elimerchant at Mobile, was an old-line Whig, sup- burden upon you and your posterity for the
cited some allusion to the issues now just made ported Douglas in 1860; was colonel of the ninety
folly of four generations in intrusting the pubtirst Alabama infantry, C. S. A.'
up again in new form before the people of this Then comes :
licinterests to the care of the Democratic party. country. What was that interruption? The
The cemeteries of the dead, South and North, || gentleman from Wisconsin was opposed to the "James H. Clanton is chairman of the Democratic State executive committee, an old-line Whig, Doug
filled with the humble testimonials there raised bill now under consideration because he claimed las elector, during the war was a general of cavalry to the memory of the men who fell in defense that there are no States which are in any sense in the confederate service."
of the Union, are sacred and affecting evidence whatever out of their normal relations to the rest That is his "record of services to the na- of the penalty, 0 people of America! which of the Union. He made the objection because he tion!" He is one of the men on whom the you have paid for intrusting the destinies of clains that every one of those States is now Republic relies for salvation in the estimation this country to a party that acknowledged fealty | entitled to representation upon this floor and in of the friends of the gentleman from Illinois. to nothing but the right of States to tyrannize || the Senate and to votes in the Electoral College
Here still further from South Carolina, in over an oppressed people and to enslave four for President and Vice President. Why, sir, this record of men on whom the Republic relies i millions of human beings. Those four millions this is only in accord with what we have heard for salvation, listen to the record of the services of people, by the grace of God and against the and witnessed all along. These gentlemen, of General Wade Hampton to the nation : protest of the Democratic party, have been short of memory, have forgotten that there has “He heads the delegation. He was one of the
emancipated and made citizens of the Republic. || been a war, and would have us, following them, most prominent cavalry generals on the southern And now, in this last struggle, we are mov. shut our eyes to that historical fact and to the side during the war. He is unquestionably the leading inanin South Carolina, and tills more nearly than ing to the consummation of the great work we
consequences of that war. any other the place left vacant by Calhoun in the
have in hand, which is that those whom we But let us take the gentleman upon his own hearts of the white people.”
have redeemed from slavery shall be endowed || ground. Let us assume that these States are Mr. MULLINS. Will the gentleman allow
with all the rights of men,-rights guarded by now entitled to vote for President and Vice me to interrupt him a moment. the power of forty million of people, who have
President; and that the governments of these Mr. BOUTWELL. No, not now. These learned the lessons of truth and of freedom in | States are now to be recognized. What gov. are the men on whom the gentleman from Illi
defiance of the teachings of the Democratic ernments of those States? Gentlemen on the nois (Mr. MARSHALL) and his associates rely | party of this country.
other side have failed to tell us. Are we to . for the salvation of the Republic.'' Yes, Mr. MARSHALL. Will the gentleman yield | recognize those governments which existed they are the men on whom the Democracy to me for a minute?
prior to 1861? Andrew Johnson, in his cel. relies for the salvation of the Republic, accord- Mr. BOUTWELL. I have agreed to yield ebrated North Carolina proclamation and other ing to their ideas of salvation. And they are to the chairman of the Committee of Ways papers of like character, declared (and genas much in error in regard to salvation in this and Means, (Mr. Schenck.] I have already tlemen on the other side have indorsed the world as I have no doubt they are in regard | yielded to the gentleman from Illinois, (Mr. declaration) that all civil government within to salvation in another state of existence. MARSHALL.]
the limits of those States had been destroyed. Mr. WASHBURNE, of Ilinois. I hope the *Mr. SCHENCK. I will yield a minute to Surely, then, the gentleman from Wisconsin gentleman from Massachusetts [Mr. BoUTWELL] the gentleman from Illinois, [Mr. MARSHALL,] cannot mean that we should recognize the will allow another extract to be read in regard and I will keep him to his minute.
State governments which existed prior to 1861. to another distinguished member of the Demo- Mr. MARSHALL. Well, that is very lib. Are we, then, to recognize the civil governcratic party,
eral to gentlemen on this side of the House. ments set up by Andrew Johnson, assuining Jir. BUUTWELL. I will yield to the gen- || I can now only say that this is one of probably to be himself the United States, and therefore tleman for that purpose.
a hundred or a thousand times that I have been authorized to carry out the guarantee of the Mr. BROOK3. I hope the gentleman will compelled to sit here and listen to the most
Coustitution toward States found without civil also allow to be read some extracts I have from gross and unfounded libels upon the Demo- governmeuts? Gentlemen do not pretend that