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say that no such power exists and the States can be restored by the instrumentality gentleman from Massachusetts has not under- of peace and under the lead of loyal men, they taken to give us the source from which he will be restored. We work under the ensign derives his authority. I ask him again to of peace, for the restoration of three more answer to me and to this House upon what he States to the Union. The gentleman and his dues base his right to exclude a State from associates raise the banner of war for the representation in the Electoral College and expulsion of eight States that have already from its right to vote?
been restored. That is the issue on which we Mr. BOUTWELL. Wedo not claim any such now go to the country. right, Mr. Speaker. All the organized States of Mr. ELDRIDGE. The gentleman from this Union are entitled to vote and will vote; Massachusetts [Mr. BOUTWELL] cannot fasten but in 1861-I believe the gentieman from Wis- any such position as he has stated upon me consin was then a member of this House-we and my associates; no such position has ever passed a resolution unanimously, nobody con- been taken by us.
I say that the Democratic tradicting it, that the eleven States, as he calls party has never taken any such position as that them, naming them, that had gone into rebel. which the gentleman from Massachusetts lian in 1861 should not vote for electors of ascribes to us. We have never been opposed President and Vice President. How does the to a restoration of this Union; we have never gentleman account for his neglect to do his been opposed to the return of these States. duty then? Why did not he raise his voice There has never been a moment since tbe war then and ask that his associates and coworkers was inaugurated, or since peace came, or as it in the Democratic party in the attempt to dis- ought to come to bless this land, but which it solve the Union should come here and par- has not, there has not been a moment when ticipate in the presidential election of 1864? we would not cheerfully have received all those The gentleman then was silent, as I remember. States back into the Union.
Mr. ELDRIDGE. I thank the gentleman But the gentlemen on the other side have for the opportunity to say that the country was been the means of prolonging what the gentle. then at war with the people of those States ; man from Massachusetts [Mr. BOUTWELL] to-day peace exists from one end of this Union terms this war. If war exists to-day, if it has to the other. The armies of the Union have existed within the last two or three years, I been successful, the rebellion has been sub- say the Republican party of this country is dued, the people of the South acknowledge responsible for dit war. the authority of the Constitution, and their But, sir, there has, during the last three or States 10-day have the right to be represented four years, been no war except the acts of in this Congress and in every other department war which this Congress has perpetrated upon of this Government, as they were represented that people and upon those States. The peobefore the rebellion. If they are excluded | ple of thoce Stairs are broken down, crushed, longer, it will be the gentleman and his party trampled into the dust by the usurpations, by who will exclude them. It is not their rebel- the, I had almost said, atrocious acts of this lion, it is not war, but it is the “loyal people," || Congress. Sir, the gentleman from Massaas the gentleman terms them, who are treading chusetts knows well that the only reason why under foot the Constitution and the rights of those States are held in the grasp of despotic these people, and excluding them, as some power which he calls “loyal power day-I pray God that day may never come- he and his associates fear that those States, if the people of some other locality may unite to left, as they ought to be, free to act, would act exclude the State of Massachusetts, it the doc- in accord with the Democratic party. The gentrine of the gentleman be true.
tleman knows that all this continuation of the Mr. BOUTWELL. The gentleman does acts of war upon that people is designed to well to remind the House and the country that coerce them into the support of the Republican these States, as he calls them, were excluded party and its candidates. He knows that he in 1864 on account of the war. And three of and his associates and the party with whom them are excluded to-day on account of that he acts would never have thought of subjectwar, the effects of which have not yet ceased. ing those States to the control of the ignorant
In 1800 and 1861, as the gentleman very negroes there but for the purpose of extending well knows, the Democratic party of the coun- the lease of power of the party to which he try entered upon a crusade to break up this Gov | belongs. He dare not, upon his conscience ernment and attempted to wrest eleven States and before his God, deny that that is the sole from the control of the Constitution and to purpose for which this whole scheme was separate then from the Union. Under the lead || inaugurated and for which he now seeks to pass of the loyal men in the South we have substan. this bill. The only object is to prolong the tially restored eight of these States to the Union lease of unhallowed power which his party has against the protests made by the forty-five gen- too long held in this country. I challenge that tlemen who sit on the other side of the House. gentleman to join with us and place those And now, under the lead of that protest and States, as the Constitution places them, upon of the platform laid down by their candidate terms of perfect equality with his State. I's
say for the Vice Presidency, they propose to again | again that if this doctrine upon which gentleinvolve this country in a war for the purpose men on the other side have been acting is still of thrusting those eight restored States out of to be carried out, the day will come, which I the Union. That is exactly the position the with those gentlemen would deplore, when Democratic party occupies now.
Massachusetts may be upon her knees begging pose of destroying the Union they brought upon for the rights which the Constitution guaranthis country one war, which cost four million ties her and all the States, and which are now dollars, and three hundred thousand lives; and denied to the States of the South. now, when we have nearly restored it, without Mr. BOUTWELL. Mr. Speaker, no State the sacrifice of a single life, so far as the restor- that is true to this Union will ever have occasion ation is concerned, the Democratic party pro- to go upon its knees begging for its rights. If poses to engage in another war, under the lead the Democratic party had been true to this of an aspirant for the Vice Presidency, who Union, as Massachusetts was true, during the is, in fact, a conspirator against the Govern. last eight years, none of these States would ment of the country, and this for the purpose now be here suppliants for restoration to the of driving out of the Union the eight States that benefits of a Government which a few years have already been restored under our lead and ago, under the lead of the gentleman and his under the power of peace.
friends, they spurned. • War for the destruction of the Union” is Now, sir, one word more, which I would be the motto under which the gentleman's friends || glad to address to the people of the South. and former associates have rallied during the In 1860 and 1861, Democrats of the Northlast eight years ; it is the mo'to which he and such men as Franklin Pierce of New Hampthey now emblazon on their banner for this shire-encouraged the rebels of the South to presidential contest, and for the next four years. engage in war, telling them that in the event
Our motto is “ peace and the restoration of of such a contest blood would flow in the the Union." And so soon as the other three streets of the North, intending it to be under
For the pur
Mr.WROOKS. I mean the platform adopted by the gentleman from Massachusetis we this
elect to declare these acts null and void, compel the from Massachusetts announced in his opening | is for the gentleman from Massachnsetts to Army to undo its usurpations at the South, disperse remarks it was well known what was the pur- show with his own finger the clause in the the carpet-bag State governments, allow the white people to reorganize theirown governments, and elect
pose of this bill, and therefore he reluctantly Constitution which confers the power this bill Senators and Representatives. The House of Repre- admitted of any discussion, and indicated his assumes to give. It is not my duty to prove sentatives will contain a majority of Democrats from the North, and they will admit the Representatives
intention to put it through under the previous a negative ; it is his to make out an aifirm. elected by the white people of the South, and with question.
ative. the coöperation of thọ President it will not be diffi- The purpose of the bill is perfectly well Mr. DAWES. Does the gentleman claim cult in compel the Senate to submit once inore to the known. It is to hold this vast territory stretch- that the electors from each State may be obligations of the Constitution. It will not be able to withstand the public judgment, if distinctly in
ing from the Potomac to the Rio Grande under chosen according to the law of, in the manner voked and clearly expressed on this fundamental the tutelage of this and the other branch of prescribed by each State, or that they shall be issue, and it is the sure way to avoid all future strife to put the issue plainly to the country.
Congress ; not of the convention appointed by chosen by some uniform law, and that a law I repeat that this is the real and only question the Constitution to count these votes, the only of Congress? which we should allow to control us: shall we sub- constitutional authority which can take cogni- Mr. BROOKS. Suppose I admit that. All mit to the usurpations by which the Government has been overthrown, or shall we exert ourselves for its
zance of the electoral votes, but to hold this the Constitution says is that Congress shall full and complete restoration? It is idle to talk of vast territory under the tutelage of the two- determine the time of choosing electors, and bonds, greenbacks, gold, the public faith, and the thirds majority in the two Houses of Congress. the day on which they sliall be chosen. public credit. What can a Democratic President do in regard to any of these with a Congress in both
If in the Electoral College the ten southern Mr. DAWES. On wliat page is that. branches controlled by ihe carpet-baggers and their States are found to be "loyal'' their electoral Mr. BROOKS. Article two, section one, allies? Ile will be powerless to stop the supplies by vote will be counted, but if they are found to of the Constitution. which idle negroes are organized into political clubs
be Democratic the two Houses of Congress by which an army is inaintained to protect these vaga
Mr. STEVENS, of Pennsylvania, Read the abonds in their outrages upon the ballot, These, and will reject their votes.
whole of it. things like these, eat up the revenues and resources The gentleman from Massachusetts (Mr. Mr. BROOKS. I will read it: of the Government and destroy its credit-mako the difference between gold and greenbacks. We must BOUTWELL] 'has discovered by the election
* The Congress may determine the time of chongrestore the Constitution before we can restore the recently held in Mississippi that the negroes, ing the electors, and the day on which they shall finances, and to do this we must have a President even the ignorant negroes of the South, are give their votes; which day shall be the sametbroughwho will execute the will of the people by trampling
out the United States." into dust the usurpation of Congress, known as the
unwilling to be ridden, booted and spurred, by reconstruction acts. I wish to stand beforo tlie con- delegates and carpet-baggers from Massachu- That is all the power Congress has. And vention upon this issue, but it is one which einbraces setts and other States of the Union. The negro now permit me to go on. overytbing else that is of value in its large and conn
is about tired of that sort of operation by emi- Mr. BOUTWELL. We have not a great prehensive results. It is the one thing that include all that is worth a contest, and without it there is grants from the North who have gone down deal of time. nothing that gives dignity, honor, or value to the there for the purpose of being sent to the Capi- Mr. BROOKS. The gentleman allowed me struggle. Your friend, FRANK P, BLAIR,
tol at Washington from the plantations of the to be interrupted by his colleague [Mr. Dawss] Colonel JAMES O. BROADHEAD.
South. Hence the purpose of this bill, clearly on the express condition that I should go on.
written on the face of it, is if these southern I did not seek this side controversy. Mr. BROOKS. If the gentleman will go on States vote as the two Houses of Congress Mr. FARNSWORTH. Let me call the gen. and have the Democratic platform read it will direct their votes shall be counted; if not, hold tleman's attention to another provision of the then be complete. them in tutelage and reject their votes.
Constitution. Mr. BOUTWELL, We have had it read Mr. DAWES. Will the gentleman yield ? Mr. BROOKS. Oh, no; the gentleman can already.
Mr. BROOKS. I would rather be answered obtain permission after I am done, because he
has ample power. I am here at the mercy of by the Democratic convention.
place when I am done. I am but a tenant of a very large adverse majority, and time is preMr. BOUTWELL. Mr. Speaker, it is worthy | ihe floor at will.
cious to me. of observation that the Democratic convention Mír. BOUTWELL. If my colleague desires Mr. FARNSWORTH. It might aid the at New York sat four days, differing, I suppose, to put a question I will consent to allow the gentleman's argument. judging from their votes, as to who should be gentleman time to answer.
Mr. BROOKS. I must decline to yield. their candidate for the Presidency, and after Mr. DAWES. I desire to put a question The honorable gentleman from Massachuselts
, the disposition of that question on a single bali | touching the political aspect of the case. Does [Mr. BOUTWELL,] doing what I wish could have lot and with perfect unanimity they nominated not the gentleman hold that Congress has been avoided, introduced party topics and party the writer of this letter to be their candidate authority to prescribe the mode in which mem- excitement in the midst of this discussion, and for the Vice Presidency of the United States. bers of the Electoral College shall be chosen? in the course of his remarks be said that our Now, what does he propose to do? He pro- Mr. BROOKS. But this bill goes further. political friends on this side of the House had poses that the President of the United States,
Mr. DAWES. I would like to have an brought about the late calamitous war. Sir, without law, and of course without constituanswer to the question.
there was a history of that war written out tional authority, shall take the Army and drive Mr. BROOKS. But this bill goes further. long before the firing on Fort Sumter, and out of this House and out of the Senate the
When that case is presented I will answer it, long before the assembling of the southern members entitled by the operation of the law but it is not a case presented here.
States in convention, and in all their princi and under the provisions of the Constitution to Mr. DAWES. If the gentleman declines to ples and associations, and practically in their seats in this House and in the Senate; and not answer I will put another.
very acts of rebellion, they were educated by only that, but to proceed with the Army to the Mr. BROOKS. That only relates to the the State which the gentleman from Massachueight States in the South and disperse the Legis- time and place of holding elections to time setts in part represents, and which were car latures thereof, set up new Legislative Assemmore especially.
ried out in the Hartford convention, and in blies to be elected by the votes of rebel white Mr. DAWES. Does the gentleman hold other victorious acts of the State of Massachumed only, and Senators and Representatives are that any one may be a inember of an Electoral setts. to be elected by those men to the Congress of the College who is not chosen in conformity to United States, and by the military power to be
Sir, the war was not begun by the Demolaw ?
cratic party of the South. The war was no put into their seats. It is distinctly declared Mr. BROOKS. Congress has explicit power, by Frank P. Blair, jr., that it is the duty of the
more begun by the Democratic party of the and only the power, as I have stated before, to President of the United States, a Democratic
South than by the Whigs of the South. The determine the time of choosing the electors and President of the United States, to usurp the
one party was as much responsible for it as the day on which they shall give their votes, was the other. When the honorable gentlepowers of the Senate and of the House and to
which shall be the same throughout the United annihilate eight States by arms and to set up in
man spoke of the incitement and the proniises States. Any other power on this subject exer- given by the Democrats of the North to sup: those eight military governments States. cised by Congress is an arbitrary power. The Mr. MUNGEN. Will the gentleman let me Constitution of the United States prescribes
port the war against the Union, I wonder that ask him a question ? that every State is entitled to two Senators in
on looking at the gentlemen around him who
were then leaders in the Democratic party he Mr. BOUTWELL. Yes, sir. the other House, and a representation in pro
did not have sufficient respect for their feelings Mr. MUNGEN, I ask the gentleman where portion to population on this floor. It in like to abstain from making such remarks in their he was when Frank Blair was fighting the manner prescribes that the number of electors presence. Sir, he is surrounded on all sides battles of his country?
sball correspond with the number of Senators by Democrats who were conspicuous by their Mr. BOUTWELL. I was in the service of and Representatives, while this bill assumes positions and by the speeches which they the country; but one thing I never did, I never on the part of Congress, in defiance of those made prior to the opening of the war, professed to serve under a commission as a two provisions of the Constitution, to exclude General in the Army, and to serve in this House
ever imprudent remarks may have been made these States from having their electoral votes as a member of Congress, exercising civil func- counted here on the floor of the House.
by any other persons, they are as much responstiors and military authority at the same time, in
ible for such remarks as any one, and they
Mr. DAWES. Will the gentleman answer violation of the Constitution and the theory of another question I will venture to put to him? | the House.
are now leading gentlemen upon that side of the Government of the United States.
I would like to inquire where in the ConstituMr. BROOKS. I wish to make a few re- tion the legislative power of Congress over
Sir, the war did not begin by the firing on marks. this matter is confined to time, place, and
Fort Sumter, but it began by the invasion of Mr. BOUTWELL. Iyield to the gentleman manner?
John Brown, [laughter,] supported by guns from New York.
Mr. BROOKS. What is not granted in the
and pikes and arms and money contributed by Mr. BROOKS. The honorable gentleman || Constitution is refused in the Constitution. It
the State of Massachusetts and other New bug land and northwestern Stutos. The first iuva
sion of that war was the invasion of Virginia | to the gentleman from Kentucky (Mr. BECK] by the little cohort of John Brown. The first after I get a reply from the gentleman from tocsin of war was sounded then. The first New York (Mr. Brooks) to a question I desire resistance to an act of Congress which was to ask him. I wish the gentleman from New preached and practiced came not from the York to give a definite answer without argu. South, but was in the State of Massachusetts ment to the question, whether he approves and in the city of Boston. However unpopu- and sustains the letter of Francis P. Blair, jr., lar or odious inay have been the fugitive-slave which has been read by the Clerk. law, however distasteful it may have been to Mr. BROOKS. The gentleman and myself all parties, to the Democratic as well as to the are both Yankees; let us exchange questions. Republican party, it was a law of Congress, a I propose, if the gentleman will allow me, to constitutional law, a law which, when first dwell
upon the Blair letter at some little length encted, was approved by George Washington, in answer to his question. supported throughout by all Administrations Mr. BOUTWELL. I will yield five min. and declared to be a constitutional law, I am utes more to the gentleman on the Blair letter. told by the gentleman from Massachusetts Mr. BROOKS. In the first place I do not himself, and yet the first fatal lesson of resist- suppose that Mr. Blair had a right to create a ance to law, the first educator in the violation platform for the party. I presume when he of law was in the city of Boston and in the con- accepts the nomination for Vice President he tiguous towns, which rescued from the writs of
accepts the platform of the party without refthe United States marshal of the district a sub- erence to his own individual opinions.
But ject of that fugitive-slave law in utter defiance in regard to the Blair letter allow me to say of the law, I'hey who have educated others what I understand the letter to be, and to defy the laws--ihe constitutional laws-who what is the doctrine of the Democratic party have been teachers of violation of laws, and upon the subject of that letter. If the suwho have brought the country up to a disre. preme Court of the United States has declared, gard of those laws, ought to be among the last as we believe the Supreme Court of the United to reproach others who have followed their States has declared, that the reconstruction example and who have been educated in their acts of Congress are unconstitutional, then the school.
moment that declaration of the Supreme Court The honorable gentleman from Massachu- is promulgated all those acts become officially setts was pleased to say, in imputation upon or null and void, and it then becomes the duty of in derogation of the Democratic party, that the President of the United States to repeal there were evidences of this war all around us. those acts by all the executive authority which Sir, there are in our taxation and in our debt, is within his power. They are acts without in that taxation to which we and our posterity the authority of law, and are binding upon no will be subject throughout all time, unless we one, and whoever attempts to execute those can recover the power and better frame and acis goes against the law and the decision of control the legislation of Congress. For that the constituted judicial authority of the land. war, the honorable member from Massachu- That is all I understand Mr. Blair to say in setts and the men with whom he has acted and his letter ; that the Supreme Court of the Uniwhose principles were his in the olden time are ted States, as it is believed, having declared in as much responsible as the party with which I the McCardle case that the reconstruction acts am associated at the present time.
of Congress are unconstitutional, it becomes The honorable gentleman from Massachu. the duty of the Executive, whenever the prosetts [Mr. BOUTWELL) then grew eloquent upon mulgation of that decision is made, to carry the position of the Democratic party in its out the declaration of the Supreme Court, and recent convention in the city of New York ; to restore the laws of the country to what they and in the course of the remarks of the gentle. were before the enactment of those acts by the man upon the letter of the next Vice Presi- two Houses of Congress. dent be asks us what is to be our course, and I believe those laws to be unconstitutional what we intend to do.
and void ; we have so declared them to be in Sir, I dare not undertake to be the exponent our platform ; but if the Supreme Court of of the Democratic party; no man now on this the United States should declare them constifloor has the right to be that. There is the tutional, we shall submit to them, if not with platform of our party; there it is on the record. cheerfulness with deference profound and Upon that we stand, and upon that we intend humble ; for we acknowledge our constitutional to stand. I refer to the resolution of the Dem. duty to obey all the laws of the land as ex: ocratic national convention assembled in the pounded by the supreme judicial tribunal. city of New York; that is our record.
That is the platform of the Democratic party; it the honorable gentleman expects us to That is the platform of General Blair, our canaccept the issue he proposes, if he expects that didate for the Vice Presidency; and if the we are to sit down in quiet and contentment honorable gentleman from Massachusetts can under these reconstruction acts, I tell him that make more of it than the explanation I have he indulges in the vainest of all dreams. We given, he has greater astuteness than New willexert all our power here and everywhere to England men usually have; and few have more repealand overthrow those actsin every possible than they. constitutional manner. We go!
o before the peo:
Now, Mr. Speaker, as we are both Yankees, ple with pride upon this issue. Shall the eighit I wish the gentleman would give me his opinso-called reconstructed States of the South ion of the third resolution of the Republican continue to be governed by negroes almost platform? exclusively, or are they to be governed as are
Mr. BOUTWELL. No, sir; I cannot go the States of Ohio, Minnesota, Wisconsin, into a discussion of the Republican platforin New York, and Pennsylvania? Are they to be at present. We are disposing of another plat- . governed by white mer, or are they to be gov. forin to-day, and that is sufficient. erned by negroes? That is our issue, and upon Mr. Speaker, I have agreed to yield five that issue we proudly appeal from you in this minutes to the gentleman from Kentucky [Mr. Hall to the people of the United States. ВЕск.)
Mr. BOUTWELL. I must now resume the Mr. STEVENS, of Pennsylvania. I would floor; but I would like to put a question to like to have about three minutes. the gentleman from New York, [Mr. Brooks.] Mr. BECK. I will postpone my remarks
Mr. BROOKS. Is it generous on the part until the gentleman from Pennsylvania gets of the gentleman from Massachusetts, (Mr. through. BOUTWELL,] with his control and power over Mr. BOTTWELL. I yield, then, in the first this debate, to arrest it in this way?
place to the gentleman from Pennsylvania. Mr. BECK. Will the gentleman from Mas- 1 Mr. STEVENS, of Pennsylvania. I merely sachusetts allow me five minutes to speak to want to inquire of the gentleman from New this joint resolution, and the amendments pro- York [Mr. Brooks] whether he recollects posed to it by the Committee on Reconstruc- that in 1864, before the last presidential election, eschewing politics altogether?
tion, this Congress passed a law similar to the Mr. BOUTWELL. I will yield five minutes l bill now before us, to regulate the opening and
and confine myself to the pending question. their electoral votes. If they vote for Grant years under the lead of the Democracy of the I will endeavor to comply with my promise. they will be considered as entitled, if against | South, and with the sympathy, cooperation, I find no warrant in the Constitution for the him they will not be entitled ; not even the and support of the Democracy of the Noribe powers sought to be conferred by this resolu. now fully admitted States of North Carolina, carried on a war aggressive always, and some tion on the Congress of the United States. It || Arkansas, and Florida. In this way the two times formidable, against the laws and Consti: provides that each State shall appoint, in such Houses when assembled simply to count the tution of the country. inanner as the Legislature thereof may direct, vote will determine, not in their legislative Mr. MARSHALL. Will the gentleman yield a number of electors equal to the whole num- capacity, but as a convention, all the legal to me for a very short time? ber of Senators and Representatives to which questions relating to these States, the recon- Mr. BOUTWELL. I have only a few min. the State may be entitled in Congress; that struction laws to che contrary notwithstanding. The chairman of the Committee on they shall meet in their respective States and The fifth section of the act of March 2, 1857, Appropriations gives me notice that in twenty vote by ballot for President and Vice Presi- after setting forth in detail what the southern minutes he will bring up a question of privident, making distinct lists of all persons voted States shall be required to do as indispensable | lege which will take me from the floor. Therefor as President, and of all persons voted for prerequisites to their readmission, says after fore I cannot yield, as Vice President, and of the number of votes all these things are done:
Mr. MARSHALL. The gentleman bas pat for each, which lists they shall sign and certify, “Said State shall be declared entitled to repre- a very pertinent question to this side of ile and transmit sealed to the President of the sentation in Congress, and Senators and Represent- House. Senate, who shall, in the presence of the Sen
atives shall be a imitied therofrom on their toking Mr. BOUTIVELL. I am not putting a ques.
the oath prescribed by law, and then and thereafter ate and House of Representatives, open all the tbe preceding sections of this act shall be inopera- tion; I am stating facts. certificates, and the votes shallthen be counted, tive in said States."
Mr. MARSHALL. I wish to say a single the person having the greatest number of votes Section six provides that until the people of word if the gentleman will permit me. shall be President, &c. The opening of the said rebel States shall be by law admitted to Mr. BOUTWELL. Very well. certificates and counting the votes is ihe only representation in the Congress of the United Mr. MARSHALL. I have heard these power Congress bas, unless it be the power to States any civil governments which may exist | charges frequently made against the Democ. determine the time of choosing the electors, and therein shall be deemed provisional only, and racy of the northern States of their having the day on which they shall give their votes, in all respects subject to the paramount author- || directly or indirectly taken part in secession or which day shall be the same throughout the lity of the United States at any time to abolish, rebellion ; but, sir, they are not sustained by United States. From what source, then, does modify, control, or supersede the same; yet in facts, as every intelligent man in the country Congress derive the power or authority to pass
defiance of this, their own favorite measure, must know. There were a few med in the such a resolution as is now proposed ?
the majority here now propose to count the North that did, at Charleston, when the DemoBut flagranıly wrong as the Senate resolution votes of all the southern States that may hap; || cratic party was unfortunately broken ir is, the ainendment proposed by the Recon- pen to cast their electoral votes for General
augurate a movement in that direction, gen. struction Committee is infinitely worse. The Grant, whether they have been admitted or tlemen who were inclined for a time to act Senate excluded from the operation of the not, their vote being the requisite evidence with the secession party in going into rebelresolution the States lately in rebellion which that they are entitled to admission, and to lion. But they were very few in number, while are now represented in Congress; the proposed reject the electoral vote even of North Caro- the entire party in the North neither directly amendment brings within its provision the lina, Arkansas, and Florida, though now fully nor indirectly took part in the rebellion. On States of Arkansas, North Carolina, and Flor: admitted, votwithstanding the provisions of the other hand, thousands and thousands laid ida, whose Representatives are now occupying the fifth section, which I have read, declaring down their lives in defense of the Union and seats here and at the other end of the Capitol, | all the reconstruction acts inoperative as soon the Constitution, by which they bave stood at whether rightfully or wrongfully I do not care as the States are admitted, if these admitted all times. The few who stood by the seces. to consider now. They are here-admitted, I States shall, as they will, cast their votes sion movement in the South were not in affilisuppose, with the same rights and privileges as against the Radical candidate.
ation with the Democratic party, but are actany of us. The States they represent are [Here the hummer fell.]
ing with the Republican or Radical paris iaeithercoequal States with all the others, or their Mr. BOUTWELL. I now demand the pre- day. Representatives are not properly on this floor. vious question, and after it is seconded, I will The great body of the Democratic party of What right, then, has this House to say that the reply to remarks made by gentlemen on the the North have been true to the Union, the electors chosen in accordance with the laws of other side.
Constitution, and the enforcement of the laws these States shall not have tbe same rights and Mr. ELDRIDGE. I ask for a division on at all times. They opposed the rebels when in be entitled to the same privileges as the electors seconding the previous question. I do not arms, and they are opposed to rebels called appointed or elected in any other State? Are think the House is prepared to second it. now the Radical party, when by an unforin• these States still unreconstructed ? Are they The question being taken, there were-ayes nate coincidence of circumstances they have still in vassalage to Congress ? Are they exist- 81, noes 22.
control of the legislation of this country, and ing only so long as they shall continue to vote So the main question was seconded. bave disregarded the Constitution and have and act in all things as the majority here may
Mr. ELDRIDGE. I only wanted to see been for three years trampling it beneath their dictate? I have no doubt the whole meaning | how many Democrats were out of their places. uphallowed feet. The gentleman cannot point and purpose of the resolution and the amend- (Laughter.]
to the action of the Democratic party anywhere ment is to count as valid all such electoral Mr. STEVENS, of Pennsylvania. Every in the North in any State, or in any organiza:votes from all these States as may be cast for one is out of his place that is here. (Laughter.] tion anywhere giving encouragement to the General Grant, and on some pretext or other The main question was then ordered. rebels while in arms against the Constitution to reject all such as may be cast against him,
Mr. BOUTWELL. I do not wish to occupy and the Union. The charge is not only not and the sooner the country understands it the much time in debate. The llouse will bear true, but every gentleman of intelligence in this better. Tennessee is expressly excluded from witness that I was brought into the political
country must know that it has no foundation the operation of this resolution. Perhaps it is discussion by the question or series of questions in fact. Mr. Lincoln himself time and again understood that she has been so managed and which were put by the gentleman from Wis- acknowledged that if it had not been for the her people so far disfranchised that her vote is consin, [Mr. ELDRIDGE.) But now I have a Democratic party at the North the rebels in the safe, while that of Arkansas, North Carolina, || few observations to make upon those matters South inust have been successful in their efforts and Florida, as well as that of the other south which have been introduced during the discus. to break up the Goverument, or ratber to with ern States, cannot be controlled even under sion on the one side and the other.
draw from it and set up a separate governinent. the process of reconstruction to which they The gentleman from New York [Mr. Brooks) He time and again acknowledged that, and it have been subjected.
was pleased to speak of me personally and of can be proved. And he remarked at one time The resolution is artfully drawn so as to gentlemen on this side of the House as having to a distinguished gentleman, in the presence invest Congress with full power to do whatever in times past disregarded the laws of the land. of a Radical member of this House, ihat the may be necessary in determining whether the Sir, I know of po such case. And when I gentlemen of his own party were very good at electoral vote shall be counted or not, and the speak of myself personally I speak also of the
resolutions and long prayers, but if it was not gentleman who presented the amendment will party to which I belong. We have obeyed the for the stubborn valor of the Democracy of the not deny that I have stated truly the meaning | laws at all times and under all circumstances, North the Union would have been compelled and object of the amendment proposed. In when, as I am free to contess, those laws were to go down before the rebellion. order to extend the power of Congress over the disagreeable in their character and of doubtful Mr. BOUTWELL. I resume the floor. electoral votes of the ten States of the South constitutionality. But can the gentleman say as far as possible, this resolution sets aside the as much for himself and for his associates? In of his leader, Franklin Pierce, of the 10th of
The gentleman cannot have forgotten the icer reconstruction acts of Congress, and not only 1860, by the strictest observance of the Consti- January, 1861. le cannot have forgotten the allows the Senate and House of Representa tution and laws of the country
we elected Abra | letter of his associate upon this teor, when tives when assembled to count the electoral ham Lincoln, of Illinois, President of the Univotes, to admit or reject the votes of such of ted States. Three months before his inaugura
mayor of the city of New York, to the author
ities of Savannah, in the State of Georgia. He the southern States as shall by law be admitted tion the State which was the champion of the to representation in the Congress of the United | ancient, pro-slavery, secession, disunion Dem.
cannot have forgotten the resolution of the States, but of all such as shall be entitled to be ocracy passed an ordinance of secession from
convention at Chicago in August, 1864, declar admitted to such representation. Of course, the Union in violation of the laws and of the
ing the war a failure and demanding a cersawhether they are entitled to be so admitted Constitution of the country, and followed by the riots of the 21 and 3d of July, 1863, in the
tion of hostilities. He cannot have forgotten will depend altogether upon how they cast ten other of these eleven States, for four long Il city of New York, when his candidate for the
GENRRAL N. B. FORREST.
Presidency addressed the rioters of that city who i letters written by Governor Holden, of North had kindled the flames of war in the commercial Carolina.
jor metropolis of the country and murdered chil- Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. I ask the dren and unoffending persons-addressed those Clerk to read the extract I send up to his desk. tr men, then reeking with the crimes from which The Clerk read as follows:
to they had just come, as my friends." He can
of pot bave forgotten the hostility which his polit
"General Forrest is the hero of the Tennessee deleical associates throughout the North manifested gation and divides attention in the convention with
thto the enforcement of the draft. He cannot Wade Hampton. As a cavalry officer he had no have forgotten the sympathetic speeches that
equal in the war, and even now as he moves up and
down the hall his tall, handsome figure loomiug up. were inade upon the floor of this House in the and his fine face lit; the same old soldier spirit is Thirty-Eighth and Thirty-Ninth Congresses. strong within the man, and he cvidently mistakes He cannot have forgotten the declarations of
the secretary's voice for a bugle-call, and his nature will not let him keep still or steadfast in one place.
ju press in various parts of the country repre- The general, although in the costume of a civilian, senting the Democratic party, denouncing every
has about him the look of one who wants to be accu- git measure for the prosecution of the war and hold
pied and doing something. His manner is free and
pleasing, with a characteristic bonhommie which is ing up the generals of the Army and the men quite taking with all whom he is introdused to. Ho intrusted with civil affairs to the odium of the does not say much at present, and cannot sit quietly thie people of the country and to the anathemas of
because of his nature, but will be heard of, no doubt, the world. More than this, to-day the party with before the convention closes."
On which he coöperates is sympathizing with rebels.
Mr. MULLINS. That is the hero of the They demand the prostration of the loyal people bloody massacre at Fort Pillow. of the South, black and white, and the restora
Mr. BOUTWELL. I have now said enough tion to authority in those States of the men to show that the Democratic party were in
ye who had been engaged in the rebellion. Let sympathy with the men who inaugurated this
gu me read; and you, men who fought at Shilol, rebellion ; that they were in sympathy with the you who were encamped before Vicksburg in
men who carried it on; that they are now in de 1863, you who returned maimed and wounded sympathy with the men who propose to inang. from the bloody fields of Antietam and Gettys- urate another rebellion, of whoin the leader ib . burg, you who marched with Sherman from the is Frank Blair.
sha mountains to the sea, you who remain of that I say this to the people of the country: when 186 bloody band who fought the battles of the you look at the bills reported by the Committee Wilderness and who finally at Appomattox on Appropriations and find $30,000,000 for the Court-House saw the surrender of Lee and the pensions to the widows and orphans of the ot end of the rebellion, listen to what the organ
dead, and to the wounded and maimed of the int of the Democratic party, on the 4th of July,
living, know that it is the Democratic party | loy
which has imposed this responsibility of justice con bled in council at Tammany Hall, said to the and benevolence upon you. When the taxpeople of New York and of the country con
gatherer comes and demands five per cent. of oth cerning the men who inaugurated the rebellion,
the income of each man in this country, that and whom you subdued in arms. I read from
is the tribute which you pay for the supremacy the New York World, and first the heading : of the Democracy up to the year 1861. When the THE DELEGATES." you are called upon to appropriate $ 130,000,000
pos "PERSONAL DESCRIPTION OF THE MEMBERS OF THE a year to meet the interest upon the public debt, CONVENTIOX.' that is the penalty the people of this country
pre 'THEIR RECORD OF SERVICES TO THE NATION." pay for having so long confided their interests The men on whom the Republic relies for to the Democratic party. When the figures are
presented to your consideration, representing ger First:
the present amount of the national debt, “Hon. John A. Winston is also an ex-Governor, a $2,500,000,000, then remember that that is a Bo merchant at Mobile, was an old-line Whig, sup- burden upon you and your posterity for the cite ported Douglas in 1860; was colonel of the ninetytirst Alabama intantry, C. S. A.”
folly of four generations in intrusting the pub | up Then comes :
licinterests to the care of the Democratic party. "James H. Clanton is chairman of the Democratic
The cemeteries of the dead, South and North,
gen State executive committee, an old-line Whig, Dougfilled with the humble testimonials there raised
bill las elector, during the war was a general of cavalry to the memory of the men who fell in defense tha in the contederate service."
of the Union, are sacred and affecting evidence wh: That is his "record of services to the na- of the penalty, 0 people of America! which oft! tion!" He is one of the men on whom the you have paid for intrusting the destinies of
clai Republic relies for salvation in the estimation this country to a party that acknowledged fealty of the friends of the gentleman from Illinois. to nothing but the right of States to tyrannize the
Here still further from South Carolina, in over an oppressed people and to enslave four for this record of men on whom the Republic relies millions of human beings. Those four millions this for salvation, listen to the record of the services | of people, by the grace of God and against the
and of General Wade Hampton to the nation : protest of the Democratic party, have been sho "He heads the delegation. He was one of the emancipated and made citizens of the Republic.
bee most prominent cavalry generals on the southern And now, in this last struggle, we are mov- shu side during the war. He is unquestionably the leading man in South Carolina, and fills more nearly than
ing to the consummation of the great work we any other the place left vacant by Calhoun in the
have in hand, which is that those whom we B hearts of the white people." have redeemed from slavery shall be endowed
groi Mr. MULLINS. Will the gentleman allow
with all the rights of men,-rights guarded by me to interrupt him a moment.
the power of forty million of people, who have Pre Mr. BOUTWELL. No, not now. These learned the lessons of truth and of freedom in
Stai are the men on whom the gentleman from Ili
defiance of the teachings of the Democratic nois (Mr. MarsHALL] and his associates rely party of this country.
oth * for the salvation of the Republic." Yes,
Mr. MARSHALL. Will the gentleman yield reco they are the men on whom the Democracy to me for a minute?
prio relies for the salvation of the Republic, accord
Mr. BOUTWELL. I have agreed to yield | ebra ing to their ideas of salvation. And they are to the chairman of the Committee of Ways
pap as much in error in regard to salvation in this and Means, [Mr. Schenck] I have already tlen world as I have no doubt they are in regard yielded to the gentleman from Illinois, (Mr. decl to salvation in another state of existence. MARSHALL.]
the Mr. WASHBURNE, of Ilinois. I hope the Mr. SCHENCK. I will yield a minute to Suri gentleman from Massachusetts [Mr. BoUTWELL] the gentleman from Illinois, [Mr. MARSHALL,] will allow another extract to be read in regard and I will keep him to his minute.
Stat to another distinguished member of the Demo- Mr. MARSHALL. Well, that is very lib- Are
eral to gentlemen on this side of the House. Dir. BUÚTWELL. I will yield to the gen. || I can now only say that this is one of probably to tleman for that purpose.
a hundred or a thousand times that I have been authi Mr. BROOKS. I hope the gentleman will compelled to sit here and listen to the most Cou also allow to be read some extracts I have from gross and unfounded libels upon the Demo- gove