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elections of the South, to manipulate and con
and his political associates are concerned, for trol the southern States; and it costs, not the une to state again, as I have before, the precise $1,500,000 as pretended here, not the $6,000, expense which this bureau has been to the 000, as alleged by the gentleman from Massa Treasury of the United States; because these chusetts, [Mr. Eliot,] but the $15,000,000 same old stories are reiterated which have been proved by the gentleman from Pennsylvania, coinmeuced at the White House and reëchoed (Mr. BOYER.] This enormous sum is to beim | through the Democratic prints, that the exposed upon the tax-ridden dupes of the North, i penses of the bureau have ranged from ten tools of the North in that respect. We are to to twenty million dollars. Sir, on the 1st of be ground to powder by taxation solely for the January last, every dollar that had come out purpose of keeping up northern electioneering of the Treasury for the support of this bureau, agents in ten Siates of the South to manipulate from its commencement, was between three and control elections in those States.
and four million dollars, beside the amount of Mr. PIKE. I wish to ask the gentleman a
stores and clothing issued from the quarterquestion.
master's department. In the bill passed in Mr. BROOKS. Not out of my time. My July, 1866, no appropriation at all in money time is precious.
was made. From the first inception of the Mr. ELIOT. How much longer does the bureau down to the present hour there has not gentleman ask?
been an appropriation by Congress of a sum Mr. BROOKS. Five minutes.
equal to the smallest amount that the gentleMr. ELIOT. I yield five minutes longer to men have charged against it as its annual cost. the gentleman.
I wish to say in this connection that besides Mr. BROOKS. Why not move that it shall the speech which I had the honor to make here expire on the 1st of November or December some time ago I took a great deal of care and next, when this Congress reassembles? Why pains to prepare a report upon this subject, have it expire at some indefinite time? The showing the precise expenses and the operation gentleman from Massachusetts [Mr. Eliot] is of the bureau under General Howard; showgenerally frank in his political maneuvers. I ing the good it had done and the evil it had will not use those words, but in his political prevented. Gentlemen will find in the folding manipulations and intentions. Why not, if
room at their credit some twenty or thirty he intends to end this bureau, end it Decem- copies of that report, in which I assure them ber 1, in a frank and honorable way, instead
they will find material to answer all the charges of these ambiguous terms extending it over all
which have been made against this bureau on time. And I tell the gentleman from Massa account of its expenses. They will find morechusetts (Mr. Eliot] he may as well end this over that, had it not been for the unprecedented Freedmen's Bureau at one time as another. and unexpected animosity which the measure Our northern countrymen, our western coun.
received at the hands of the Executive, by the trymen, cannot longer manipulate and control provision which was made in the first bill all the negroes of the South. There is an instinct the expenses that the bureau could have even higher than intelligence and education, charged upon the treasury of the United States because it is God given. The instinct of could have been paid out of funds which should the negro is at last discovering that he is being have been appropriated to the bureau from used, as his donkey or mule or his horse is
It was designed that the rebelused, by porthern adventurers for the purpose
lion which created the war should pay for the of riding into the capital of the United States whole expense of this bureau, and that would from the plantations of the South. The Freed have been the case but for the fact that the men's Bureau had as well be ended at first as rebels, pardoned and unpardoned, with their at last. Its day is over, or nearly over, and
hands red with the blood of Union men, propit will be hardly able to manipulate the negroes
erty by the thousand was turned over by the during the election. The instinct of the negro
President taken from the bureau under whose has discovered at last, as in Mississippi and charge it was, in order that the expenses might southern Georgia, what is the object and
be thus defrayed. intent of this Freedmen's Bureau, and there Now, sir, the gentleman from New York soon will be an end to it throughout the south
[Mr. Brooks] will pardon me for saying he ern States. I thank the gentleman from Mas has made a statement unjust, unfair, and untrue sachusetts for the opportunity he haggiven me, againt the gentleman who now holds the office so seldom given to my side of the House. of Commissioner of this bureau, because he has
Mr. ADXMS. I ask leave to offer an amend- | recently been building a house for himself in ment.
the city of Washington. I do not, of course, Mr. ELIOT. I cannot yield for that purpose.
impute to him the making of a statement that Mr. ADAMS. Allow it to be reported?
he does not believe. But, sir, I do not believe Mr. ELIOT. I will hear it read.
there can be found a man more upright in his The Clerk read as follows:
dealing than the Commissioner of this bureau. Strike out all after the enacting clause in section
I have known him long. I believe him to be a two, and insert the following:
man of high integrity, and one of the last that That said bureau shall be immediately withdrawn would permit himself to be made richer by a and discontinued in all the States now represented
single dollar from the public money that does in Congress, and shall be discontinued in the remaining States, as soon as they shall be restored to their not legitimately belong to him from the salary former political relations with the Government of he receives as a major general of the Ariny. the United States.
Sir, when General Howard went into the Mr. ADAMS. Will the gentleman allow | Army he had a few thousand dollars. During me five minutes to state why that amendment the existence of the war he by great economy should be adopted ?
saved a few thousand dollars more out of which Mr. ELIOT. There is no use, as I could he has built a house, putting in it all he has, not let the amendment be offered. The gen and being compelled to give security, as I undertleman from Kentucky is opposed to the Freed- stand, for the payment of the full indebtment. men's Bureau. He has been consistently General Howard has laid on the battle-field of opposed to it from the beginning, and I do his country his right arm, and I believe he not know but if I were in his situation and would consign the other in companionship with represented the political feelings he does on the it before he would permit himself to be a party general subjects embraced in the bureau I to any transaction involving a taint of pecuniary should feel as he does. I have been familiar fraud. It is not fair because of certain personal also with the opinions of the distinguished hostilities which have grown up against him in gentleman from New York, (Mr. Brooks.] | the church with which he is connected, about From the inception of the bureau to the pres which I do not propose to speak, that gentleent time he has been one of its most bitter men ordinarily so careful should throw out opponents.
slurs and reproach upon his private character. Now, sir, there have been some things said Gentlemen should not permit themselves to be by the gentleman from New York which I heard organs of communication through this House indistinctly, but to which I propose to reply to the country of stories like that to which briefly. It is of no use, so far as the gentleman " allusion was made.
potrate their crimes with apparent impunity and a rels or difficulties with any one so far as known to be restored to their former political relations satanic determination and disregard of consequences Us.
with the Federal Government. Why does not perfectly appalling. From Giles county a dozen or more colored men He was here during the cholera scourge of the fall
the gentleman from Massachusetts [Mr. Ellor] of 1866, and Hon. Edmund Cooper has testified in arrived yesterday morning by way of the Alabama
public speeches that he kindly and faithfully waited accept that amendment? What is the necesrailway. Their narrative of suffering is heartrend upon the sick and dying, and was of great help to ing. They all have families depending on them, are
sity for continuing this bureau, with all its farmers who cultivated pieces of land, and were just
him in disbursing his charities and benevolence to
vast expenditures, until the 1st day of January housing their crops. They had from thirty to tilty ful plague.
next? The reason assigned for its continuwores cach under cultivation besides other little prop On the 4th of July, Mr. Dunlap, as he had doneon crty in the way of stock. They are men rugged and
ance heretofore has been that the southern kuotted up with ceaseless toil in an up-hill struggle,
former occasions, formed a procession of his large
States were in such a disorganized and disar. not only to make a little for fuure contingencies,
stripes, inarched around the square and out to the ranged condition that it was necessary to have but even to make bread whereon to live. Douest Taborers, out in the fields from early dawn to dewy
grounds of Hop, William H. Wismer, where they had this bureau in order to protect the freedmen in ere, earning, as they simply express it,"ment and
a large gathering and pic-nic. They sang, danced,
their rights and privileges ; that the civil insticlothes for their little ones." They all lived in the ering of their own race principally. Enough whites
tutions and civil officers down there were not neighborhood of Cornersville, about twelve wiles from Pulaski, in Giles county, were present, the writer among the nuinber, to tes
adequate to the protection of that class of A Mr. T. Clark, al very mild and gentlemanly man,
tily that there was no disorderly conduct, profane
people. who used to teach school down there, was compelled After night, and when many had retired to repose, Now, there are to-day three of those States tu quit by the persecuting members of the klan. lle is even afraid to write about their doings. George
no friend of law, order, and peace dreaming of a raid
represented on this floor; three of them are Bose, a colored teacher, had a prosperous school of
now restored to all their relations with this square, about fifty in number, mounted on capariorer forty children, was also compelled to give up bis school, and is now in town, The Klan is repre
soned horses, revolver in hand and whistle in mouth, Government, having State governments estab.
and proceeded directly to Mr. Dunlap's house. Ho sented as being perfectly reckless, and the house of
lislied which are competent to afford the most shut the door in their faces. They fired a shot into one widow Gordon, twelves miles from Pulaski, and the house; forced the doors; promised to spare his
ample and abundant protection to the freedfire froin Cornersville, is said to be the headquarters. life if hesurrendered; disarmed him of hispistol, (and They micet there almost nightly, and hold delibert
men, giving them even greater civil and politstill have it,) and made him mount behind one of tions and plan their infernal work of blood. The
ical rights than are given to the whites. Then them. wives and families of these colored fugitives idre now They then went to the house of Jim Franklin, a where the necessity for continuing this bureau in the Foods living in the best manner they can. colored man, and found bimin berl; inade him follow for a single hour in those States? If the geti: They, too, aro driven out of their houses. Giles
them. They returned to the square, Lac tlireccheers county needs purging.
tlemen who bave advocated this bill heretofore for Andrew Johnson, and proceeding a short distance from town, stripped and whipped their victims
were sincere in the reasons they have assigned Assassination of the Registration Comnuissioner of with a strap most unmercifully, cruelly, and shame for the further continuance of this bureau, then I Overlon County. fully, and discharged them, with orders to Dunlap to must say that those reasons no longer exist
, at Editor Press and Timer:
leave immediately. or his life would be taken. On the 1st day of July five armed men appeared
The supposed oitense of the colored man was that least so far as they apply to the States which before the dwelling house of James Francis, com
he wore the sash of a marshal. Threats were made have been already restored. I wish to ask want missioner of registration for Overton county, and
against others, and the brare and gallant troop left, better reason will there be for withdrawing this pointing their guns in at the windows demanded his
no doubt vastly proud of their achievements.
bureau from those three States now represurrender. On being informed by Mrs, Francis that her husband was not at the house, they proceeded to
sented here on the 1st of January next than search the premises, took what arms they could find,
Mr. ARNELL. I desire to state that in
exists to-day? None whatever. But there is and such other articles as they chose to appropriate. Middle Tennessee the only guardian for these
one reason to wbich I desire to call the attenBy this time some confederates, who had concealed colored persons that is capable of ferreting tion of the House as being the reason which themselves on the farm, called to them to come on, they had him." At this the ruflians leit, taking their
out these outrages and bringing them to public prompts the chairman of the committee (br. booty. A short time after they were gono Mrs. F. notice is this much-abused bureau. I hold in
Eliot) and the majority on this floor to favor heard two guns fire, and supposing her husband had my hand two sworn statements from ex-F'ed. been shot, she and iwo neighboring women followed
the continuance of this burean, which is 80 in the direction of the firing. Directly they heard
eral soldiers, who did gallant service in the l plain that no one can mistake it. One of the other guns, and in a few minutes twenty or more Army. shots were tired. Continuing to follow the trail she
[Here the bammer fell.]
reasons assigned by the gentleman from Jascame upon a waste-house in an old ticid, some inile
sachusetts (Mr. Elior) for the continuance of or more from her house, whereshe found her husband Mr. ELIOT. I now ask for a vote on the this bureau was in a letter which he incorpo. lying dead. This hands wero tied, and he was literally bill. riddled wita Waidol-boles.
rated in his speech, and of which I will read Mr. ADAMS. Is this bill to be pressed an extract, as follows:
through without allowing the minority of the Marshall County.
"3. The bureau should be continued one year Committee on Freedmen's Affairs to say a word longer to act as a sort of moderator between white A letter from Marshall county of the 1st gives a
and black during the exciting contest nowimpeading foarful account or the resurrected rebels in that dis
over the whole country. It can thus assist wondertrict:
Mr. ELIOT. I will yield five minutes to my fully in reconstructing the South on a logal basis. MARSHALL COUNTY, July 1. colleague [Mr. ADAMS] on the Committee on
To continue the bureau one year more than je proWe have gathered some further particulars about Freedmen's Affairs.
vided will cover most all the exciting political issues the cruel intentions of those infamous wretetes, the
about to be made in the election for President, and Ku-Kluxes, or resurrected rebels, as they call them
Mr. ADAMS. Mr. Speaker, much has been this is of no little importance to the whole country." selres, On the night of the 15th of June those inta said about the cost of the Freedmen's Bureau, I have shown that the reason heretofore mous wretches went to the house of Mr. Lewis Strick
and the gentleman from Massachusetts (Mr. || assigned for the continuation of this bureau, ally and abused him, and we learn their calculations were to serve in a like manner the person of Berry Eliot] has time and time again asserted in the protestion of freedmen in their rights, is man Scales, Mr. Willis, and also R. Royster, for the this House that only about three million dol not now applicable to some of these States, sole cause of boarding a teacher at his house. They
lars have been drawn from the Treasury for expressed an intention to hang Mr, Jenkins for his
and will not be applicable to the others so 9000 habit of reading the Bible to tbose of his own race, the purpose of supporting the operations of as they shall be restored to their former politi
: thereby making them as wise as the white men, as this bureau. Now, sir, I am prepared to prove
cal relations. Why should this bureau be coti: they allege.. Mr. Jenkins is the winister in this
to this House, if I had time, that this bureau vicinity and is worthy of protection. He is allowed
tinued in these States? Why should you not to preach but once a month. Five hard-working,
has actually cost the Government, notin money as to these States do pow what you propose in honest citizens were dragged out of their beds in appropriated and taken from the Treasury, but do in January next? Why is it more appro the night and maltreated in the most shocking
from various sources, taken altogether, the sum manner. While the whipping was being done the
priate to discontinue the bureau in January cause given for it was that ho voted for Brown of $16,000,000 up to the 1st of January last.
next than now, unless we intend the bureau to low, and if he did not vote the Conservative ticket I have never seen the statement which the next time he would be killed. John Street, one of gentleman from Massachusetts has made in
operate as a political machine to control polit
. the oficers of Chapel Ilill, openly declared that
ical sentiments and to accomplish political there never has been any peace, and that they only
his report; but he has made the statement in ends in those States. Mr. Speaker, it is apretired a while to rest and gather force for another the House, and repeated it time and time
parent and cannot be denied--the gentleman rebellion. The son of another squire has been en
again, that only about three million dollars gaged in these night law-breaking and citizen-terri
from Massachusetts knows it, and dare not Tying expeditions. Ile had his right arm wounded. have been taken from the Treasury for this
denyit--that all the reasons heretofore assigned Three of the Klan have been founded, one mortally, bureau. That statement was intended to leave but they are busily recruiting, and have an immense
for the continuance of the bureau bare now amount of guns and revolvers, and they swear they upon the House and the courtry the impres- ceased to exist. There is at this time no reason will fight again. There is a regulur war here between sion that the entire cost of this bureau has
why this bureau should not be withdrawn from the whites and blacks.
some time since, when I made some remarks restored to their former political relations.
$so Outrages in Bedford county.
upon this subject, that this bureau has cost SHELBYVILLE, July 7, 1868.
cannot see, therefore, why the amendment ! Editor Press and Times :
have proposed should not be accepted, and The facts are simply theso: Mr. Dunlap is a northern or westeru man, first sent here by somo society support that statement by the report and state. But, sir
, if the object is to have the benefit of to teach the colored people. He has been in our ments of General Howard himself.
this institution, as indicated by the corre. midst three or four years, leading a quiet, unobtrusivylife, well qualified to teach, devoted and correct
Now; in regard to the continuance of this spondent of the gentleman from Massachusetts in the work. Ho has never attempted to force him
bureau, it is proposed to discontinue it after until after the presidential election, why not self upon the notice of the white people, but has at the 1st of January next, provided it may be discontinue it on the first Wednesday after the tended to his own business, offering no contempt or done without injury to the Government. insult, nor peripitting it to be done by his pupils
I presidential election, when they have realized
offered, or desired to offer, an amendment to toward any person, but, on the contrary, as some of
the benefits and accomplished the ends desired our best conservative citizens are ready to testify, the effect that this bureau should be disconreadily and promptly rebuked and corrected any im. tinued now in all the States which are at pres
instead of postponing until the 1st of January proprieties on their part that came to his knowledgo
as proposed. or were suggested to him. He has been honest, upent represented in Congress, and that it should
(Here the hammer fell.] right, and just in all his dealings with white and be discontinued in those States which are not black since he has been here. He has kud no quar
Mr. ELIOT. Mr. Speaker, the only point represented in Congress as soon as they shall
that has been made by the gentleman from
are reorganized and
sixteen million dollars, and I am prepared to why it should not be adopted by the House
Kentucky [Mr. Adams) is the same one at freedmen within the limits of the State of Ten tempted to be made by other gentlemen here pessee. I trust the State of Tennessee will be in regard to the expense of the bureau. I able to do that. I confess, sir, I am a little have answered it two or three times already; 1 surprised to hear gentlemen from Tennessee and I only want to say now one word upon the admit, as they seem to admit, the inability of point. The gentleman knows or ought to know the State government of Tennessee, of the loyal that all the expenses of this bureau would have people of Tennessee, to afford this protection. been defrayed from the collections of cotton Why are they not able? Is it because they made by the labor of freedmen under the have not arms in their hands to defend them operations of the bureau. Not one dollar of | against the outrages of these rebels? If that expense would have been imposed upon the is the reason let us give them out of the innTreasury of the United States if it had not mense supply of unnecessary arms now on been for the action of President Johnson in hand, enough of arms so they can protect themreturning property, both personal and real, to selves and the freedmen against these outrages. the rebels from whom it had been taken. It Unless there is some reason, then, not sug: is by that action, and that alone, that any ex gested on this floor to-day, I hope the amendpense for the support of the bureau bas been ment of the gentleman from lowa (Mr. ALLI: put upon the Treasury of the United States. son] will be adopted, and the Freedmen's
Mr. ELDRIDGE. I desire to know whether Bureau be discontinued in every reconstructed the gentleman from Massachusetts [Mr. State as soon as the 1st of January next. Eliot] denies specifically the charge made by Mr. BOYER. Will the gentleman from the gentleman from Kentucky, [Mr. Adams,] Massachusetts allow me to correct some of the the gentleman from Pennsylvania, (Mr. Boy | fallacies in his calculation ? ER,] and the gentleman from New York, [Mr. Mr. ELIOT. I cannot yield. I demand the Brooks,] that the expense of this bureau has previous question, been within the time stated $16,000,000?
The previous question was seconded, and the Mr. ELIOT. I deny it emphatically. The main question ordered. gentlemen have had before them the figures Mr. Allison's amendment was adopted. which would have shown them their statement The bill, as amended, was ordered to a third is not correct.
reading, and it was accordingly read the third Mr. ELDRIDGE. They all affirm that it time. is true.
Mr. ELIOT demanded the previous question Mr. ELIOT. Certainly; and the gentle on the passage of the bill. men's President has stated the amount at The previous question was seconded, and the $20,000,000. There is no truth in any such main question ordered. statement.
Mr. BROOKS and Mr. BECK demanded the
Mr. ELIOT. I yield to the gentleman from The question was taken; and it was decided
in the aflirmative-yeas 101, nuys 81, not voting
YEAS-Messss. Allison, Ames, Arnell, Delos R. ments of the Constitution authorizing Congress Ashley, James M. Ashley, Bailey, Baldwin, Beatty, to “enforce by appropriate legislation the Benjamin, Benton, Blair, Boles, Boutwell, Bromwell, abolition of slavery, we are empowered to use
Buckland, Benjamin F. Butler, Roderick R. Butler,
Churchill, Sidney Ciarko, Cobb, . Coburn, Cook, for that purpose this bureau whenever it may be Covode, Cullom, Dawes, Delano, Dixon, Donnelly, necessary. So long as it is impossible for the Driggs, Eckley. Ela, Eliot, Farnsworth, Ferriss, State governments in the South to do this it
Fields, French'Garfield, Griswold, Hamilton, Higby,
Hinds, Hooper, Hopkins, Chester D. Hubbard, Hulwould seem to me to be reasonable to continue burd, Hunter, Jenckes, Alexander H. Jones, Judd, the Freedmen's Bureau, and I should be in favor Julian, Kelsey, Ketcham, Kitchen, Koontz, William of such continuance. But as a member of the
Lawrence, Lynch, Mallory, Marvin, Maynard, Mc
Carthy, Meclurg. McKee, Mercur, Miller, Moore, Committee on Freedmen's Affairs, I am in Moorhead, Mullins. Myers, O'Neill, Orth, Paine, favor of discontinuing this bureau just as soon
Perham, Peters, Pike, Pile, Pianty, Poland, Pomas the people of those reconstructed States
eroy, Raum, Robertson, Roots, Sawyer, Schenck,
Scofield, Shanks, Smith, Starkweather, Thaddeus shall themselves be able to secure to the freed Stevens, Stokes, Taylor, Thomas, Trowbridge, Twichmen of the South that which it is the duty of ell, Van Aernam, Burt Van Horn, Robert T.Van Horn, the nation to see secured to them. The recon
Van Wyck, Etihu B. Washburne, llenry D. Wach
burn, William B. Washburn, Welker. Thomas Wilstruction of these States will, I trust, speedily liams, William Williams, and John T. Wilson-104. be followed by such a condition of things in NAYS-Messrs. Adams, Archer, Axtell, Beck, the South as will enable the States themselves
Boyer, Brooks, Cary, Chanler, Eldridge, Getz, Gloss
brenner, Golladny, Grover, Haight, Hawkins, Johnto accord to the freedmen the protection to son, Thomas L. Jones, Kerr, knott, George V. Lawwhich under this thirteenth article they are rence, Marshall, Mungen, Niblack, Phelps, Raudall, entitled.
Ross, Sitgreaves, Stewart, Taber, Lawrence S. Trim
ble, Van Auken, and Van Trump-31. I am therefore in favor of the amendment NOT VOTING- Mesers. Anderson, Baker, Banks, of the gentleman from Iowa, [.Hr. ALLISON,]
Barnes, Barnum, Beaman, Bingham, Blaine, Broommaking compulsory the discontinuance of this
all, Burr, Cake, Reader W. Clarke, Cornell, Deweese,
Dodge, Eggleston, Ferry, Finney, Fox, Gravely, Ilalbureau on the 1st of January next. I should sey, Harding, Hill, Holman, Hotchkiss, Asahol W. be in favor of discontinuing it in each of those
Hubbard, Richard D. Hubbard, Huinpbrey, IngerStates as fast as they are reconstructed but for
soli, Kelley, Latlin, Lincoln, Loan, Logan, Lough
ridge, McCormick,. McCullough, Morrell, Morthe fact that it will require time for the State rissey, Newcomb, Nicholson, Nunn, Polsley, Price, governments there to acquire the power to Pruyn, Robinson, Selye, Shellabarger, Spalding, carry out to the freedmen the guarantees of
Aaron F. Stevens, Stone, Taffe, John Trimble,
Upson, Ward, Cadwalader c. Washburn, Jaines F. this new amendment of the Constitution. It Wilson, Stephen F. Wilson, Windom, Wood, Woodwill be our duty to furnish these State govern bridge, and Woodward-63. ments with the means of doing it. It will be So the bill was passed. our duty to furnish the militia of those States
Mr. ELIOT moved to reconsider the vote with arms which will enable them to protect | by which the bill was passed; and also moved these freedmen. Already measures have been
that the motion to reconsider be laid on the inaugurated which will result in a provision for || table. that necessity of the case, but time will be The latter motion was agreed to. required to consummate these arrangements. Therefore it would be wrong for us to violate
NORTII CAROLINA MEMBERS. this constitutional amendment by discontinuing Mr. DAWES. I rise to a question of privthe Freedmen's Bureau at once. But I cannot | ilege. The Committee of Elections, to whom see, if arms are furnished by the Federal Gov were referred the credentials of Nathaniel Boyernment to the militia of these States to enable den and Oliver H. Dockery, claiming seats them to protect themselves and the freedmen from the third and seventh districts of North within their limits against outrages, why we Carolina, instruct me to report they find the cannot safely withdraw the Freedmen's Bureau | credentials in due form of law, but that these and the Federal Army. I cannot see why the gentlemen are unable to take the oath of office State of Tennessee hereafter cannot protect the Il prescribed by the statute of July 2, 1862, because
rules, and I do not expect that I ever shal!
grossed and read a third time; and being en Twichell, Upson, Van Auken, Burt Van Horn, Van Mr. ALLISON. I should like to know the
Washburn, welker, Thomas Williams, and Stephen gentleman's reason for the statement he las
just made, that the Senate postponed the tariff Mr. GRISWOLD moved to reconsider the NAYS-Messrs. Adams, Allison, Axtell, Baker, bill at the instance of the Special Commis. vote by which the joint resolution was passed; | Beatty, Beck, Benjamin, Bromwell; BrooksBeatsioner of Internal Revenue. I never heard of and also moved that the motion to reconsider
min F. Butler, Cary, Chanler, Sidney Clarko, Cobb,
Kerr, Knott, William Lawrence, Loan, Logan Lough: only be cool and keep his seat, I will endeavor ROSWELL BATES. ridge, Marshall, Mugen, Niblack, Nun)), Orth,
to give him all the light I bave on the subject; On motion of Mr. MILLER, by unanimous
Paine, Peters, Phelps, Pike. Ross, Shanks, dit and whicb, perhaps, may be all he will want
greaves, Stewart, Taber, Talie, Thomas, Lawrence
The gentleman to whom I referred, who has tion of the memorial of Roswell Bates, asking
NOT VOTING-Messrs. Bailey, Barnes, Barnum, the title of Special Commissioner of Internal
Beaman, Bingham, Blaine, Broomall, Burt, Cake, for a pension from 1817 to 1852; and the same Reader W. Clarke, Coburn, Cornell, Delano, De
Revenue, represented to the Senate that the was referred to the Committee on Revolution weese, Dodge, Eggleston, Eliot, Ferry, Finney, Fox,
bill of the Committee of Ways and Means, ary Pensions and of the War of 1812.
French, Gravely, Halsey, Harding, Will, Holman, which was a small, delicate, genteel bill, as
llooper, Hotehkiss, Asaliel W. Hubbard, Richard
the House may see by examining the files of Mr. MOORHEAD. I now move that the
Lincoln, McCormick, McCullough, Jorrell, Morris the last Congress, merely amending the tariff
sey. Newcomb. Nicholson, Polsley, Price, Pruyn, he represented that that was not a perfect bill; rules be suspended, and the House resolve Raum, Robinson, Roots, Shellabarger, Aaron F. that we wanted an entirely new tariff
' bill, one itself into Committee of the whole on the
Stevens, Thaddeus Stevens, Stone, John Trimble,
Van Aernam, Robert T. Van llorn, Cadwalader C. that should contain every article upon which state of the Union, for the purpose of consid Washburn, Join T. Wilson, Window, Wood, Wood any tariff duty was imposed. The Senate sup: ering the tarifl bill; and pending that motion, bridge, and Woodward-60.
posed there was something in that, and agreed I move that all general debate on the bill be So the motion was agreed to.
to postpone the bill, with the understanding closed in thirty minutes.
The rules were accordingly suspended ; and
that he would prepare the details
, the outlines, the House resolved itself into the Comruittee the groundwork of an entire tariff bill
, and say thirty-one minutes? Mr. MOORHEAD.
of the whole on the state of the Union, (Mr. | have it ready for them at the commencement No, sir. Mr. ELDRIDGE. I think he ought to give
Dawes in the chair,) and resumed the consid- | of the next session.
eration of the bill (11. R. No. 1519) to increase At the commencement of the next session us another minute.
the revenue from duties on imports and tendMr. MOORIIEAD. Not at this stage of the
here was his bill, containing three times as ing to equalize exports and imports.
much as the bill which passed the House, session.
The CHAIRMAN. By order of the House
which was merely a bill amendatory of the all general debate on the bill is closed in two tariff. In his bill there were included hun. importance he might let us have thirty-one | hours.
dreds of articles upon which the tariff was not minutes. I move to amend his motion so as
The pending paragraph of the bill was as changed at all, neither enlarged nor reduced. to make the time thirty-one minutes.
follows: Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. I move to
They were put in merely as a make-weight,
That from and after the passage of this act, in lieu amend the motion so as to close debate in two
as I believe, put in merely to kill the bill
, to of the duties heretoforo imposed by law on the arti
prevent its passage during ihat Congress. And hours.
cles hereinafter mentioned, there shall be levied,
it had that result most effectually. I have tre-
quently told that gentleman that he had drugged the following specified duties and raics of duty, that that bill to death. The question was put on the amendment; is to say; on all copper imported in the form of ores, and there were-ayes 57, noes 46. three cents on each pound of fine copper contained
There were hundreds, perhaps thousands of therein ; on all regulus of copper, and on all black or drugs named in that bill; and every drug was Mr. MOORHEAD demanded tellers.
coarse copper, fvur cents on each pound of uine cop named and carried out with its rate of duty, Tellers were ordered ; and Mr. MOORHEAD per contained therein; on all ok copper, fit only for and Mr. GOLLADAY were appointed. romanufacture, lour cents per pound; on all copper
either ad valorem or specific. The rates in in plates, bars, inguts, piss, and in other forms not more than two thirds of the cases were not The House divided; and the tellers report. manufactured or herein enumerated, live cents per changed, yet they were all iuserted, and had to edmayes 60, noes 56.
pound, So the amendment was agreed to.
be gone over and considered. The result was Mr. MOORHEAD. Mr. Chairman, I
that so much time was occupied in the Senate The motion to close debate, as amended, not at all surprised at the vote that has just that, Congress meeting early in December
, the was then agreed to. been taken, nor will I be surprised at any
bill was not reported to the Senate until JanMr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois, moved to motions that may be made to delay action on
uary, 11, 1867. It was then ordered to be reconsider the vote by which the motion was this bill. I congratulate the country and the printed.' That bill afterward came to the agreed to; and also moved that the motion to House upon the fact that we have now reached House. reconsider be laid on the table, this bill, and that the Representatives of the But before leaving this point, as
my The latter motion was agreed to.
people will now have a chance to express their tive friend, the gentleman from lowa, (Mr. Mr. CULLOM. Is it in order to move to views upon this subject.
ALLISON,] seemed a little anxious about the postpone the bill until next session?
I do not intend to make a speech; I do not Special Commissioner of Internal Revenue, to The SPEAKER. It is. want any speaking. It is now so late in the
whom I unfortunately referred in this comec; Mr. CULLOM. Then I make that motion. session ihat the time for action has arrived ; tion, I deein it proper to say to the House and
The SPEAKER. The motion to postpone and I want voting and not speaking. But i to the country that if it is necessary or importwill be reserved until the vote is taken on the deem it proper to spend a few minutes in call
ant that this Government should keep an oltimotion to suspend the rules to go into Com ing the attention of the House to the history
cer in its service at a large salary for the purmittee of the Whole on the state of the Union, of the action of the Thirty-Ninth Congress pose of guarding the interests of the foreigt as that motion, if adopted, would suspend the upon the tariff question. These facts are rule allowing the motion to postpone to be somewhat important, and I invite the attention | agent in New York, then the Secretary of the
manufacturer, the foreign importer, the foreigu made.
of the House to them ; and particularly I urge Treasury has been signally fortunate in the Mr. CULLOM. I demand the yeas and upon gentlemen here who are in favor of the
selection he has made, and Mr. Wells is the nays on the motion to suspend the rules. tariff to examine those facts. During the The yeas and nays were ordered. Thirty-Ninth Congress, at every time and at
proper man for the place. I want to put that
on the record before leaving this point. The SPEAKER The Chair will state that every step when we had action on this subject, Mr. ALLISON. Mr. Chairmanthe House or the Committee of the Whole on we had a large majority; just about as large a
Mr. MOORHEAD. I cannot yield to the the state of the Union can take a recess at any majority as we liave on the vote to-day. Time | gentleman. There are two hours allowed for time they please, but the House will meet at after time, again and again, the yeas and nays general debate, and he will have a portion of half past seven o'clock this evening in Com were called, and votes were had, and on each that time. mittee of the Whole (Mr. Cullom in the chair) | occasion we had a large majority. But by
This bill came from the Senate to the House. for general debate exclusively: superior financiering of some kind, we were
We had to take it up-bow? Not as in the The question was taken on Mr. Moorhead's intercepted at every step, and finally failed to form of amendments to our bill. It was an motion; and it was decided in the affirmative get a tariff bill passed into a law.
amendment, it is true; but it was a single yeas 81, nays 56, not voting 60; as follows: I will proceed very briefly to give the history amendment, because the Senate struck out all YEAS-Messrs. Ames, Anderson, Archer, Arnell, of the tariff bill of the last Congress, House bill
after the enacting clause and inserted a ves Delos R. Ashley, James M. Ashley, Baldwin, Banks, No. 718. On the 25th of June, near the term bill. Benton, Blair, Boles, Boutwell, Boyden, Boyer, Buok
I am not a parliamentarian por a tacui land, Roderick R. Butler, Churchill, Covode, Dawes, ination of the long session, the Committee of
cian. I have been in this House a consider
But under the ruling made by our very abb
when that bill came in here it required a two
thirds vote to take it up. The will had passed ertson, Sawyer, Schenck, Scofield, Selye, Smith, Spald the gentleman who occupies the position of ing, Starkweather, Stokes, Taylor, Trowbridge, U Special Commissioner of Internal Revenue.
this House and gone to the Senate. The Ser ate had adopted the plan of Nr. Wells, waking
an immense bill. They had passed upon every: ceeding vitality. To remedy our losses and build up thing embraced in our bill and a thousand that prosperity we so much need, there is no other
instrumentality than the one now presented. It must things beside. Yet, although as to nearly all
either be improved, and at once, or the losses must the articles embraced in the original bill both continue, and prosperity be remitted for another Houses agreed upon the same rates we were
doubtful term. To prevent this, and to garner what
is so essential for the country and for all its parts, not able to enact the bill into a law, because
we trust that Congress will not adjourn before the we could not get the Senate amendments con opportunity afforded by partisan zeal has been wisely sidered here without a two-thirds vote.
and effectually improved." This is a fact in the history of this measure. Mr. MOORHEAD. Mr. Chairman, the facts It is new, perhaps, to some gentlemen who were not here at that time. It is not new to
set forth in the statistics just read by the Clerk
ought to be carefully examined and pondered the old members; it is not new to you, Mr.
and they should satisfy any man, or any Chairman; it is not new to the Speaker of this
set of men, that unless we can stop this drain House ; for we tried every metbod to get the
of gold to foreign countries we must go into bill up. Mr. MORRILL, of Vermont, who was
bankruptcy. I know of but one way to stop then chairman of the Committee of Ways and
that, and that is through the tariff. I have Means, implored the House on different occa been the advocate of a tariff for many years. sions to take up the bill, and made varivus
I have been denounced frequently for my advomotions with that object. By reference to
cacy of the principle of protection to our home page 1658 of the Congressional Globe for the industries. Some of the free-trade papers have second session of the Thirty-Ninth Congress it
gone so far as to say “MOORHEAD has tariff on will be found that on the 28th of February, the brain." Well, Mr. Chairman, I have, and 1867, after the Committee of Ways and Means
I will continue to have it upon the brain until had reported the bill back to the House, a
I can induce the whole country to stand up in motion was made to suspend the rules, on
favor of the development of our great national which the yeas were 106, the nays 01. We
resources, and until we lift the country out of could not obtain quite the necessary two thirds,
the mire into which it has been thrown by freetrade
Now, sir, I want to read a little myself. I a similar motion the yeas were 102, the nays will read a short paragraph which appeared in 69; there being all the time, as will be seen,
a New York paper, for which I am indebted a large majority in favor of considering the
to the able report of my colleague (Mr. Morbill.
RELL) on the warehousing system ; and I should I have thus referred to the history of this
like very much to have the House listen to it. measure for the sake or calling the attention
I do not expect I can get the House to give of the taritf men here to the facts of the case.
me its attention for any great length of time; I do not want them to allow themselves to be
and therefore I shall be brief. hoodwinked in that way again. We have got Now listen to what this New York paper this bill now in such a position that a majority
says : can put it through, and I ask the tariff men of
"One of the immediate effects of a high tariff is to the House to put it through. I do not want to
keep up the price of labor, which is more than four make a speech; but I have here some statistics times as high in this country as it will average in which show the importance of passing this bill.
Europe. I am for unqualified free trade. I would
sell out the custom-houses, discharge the leeches They exhibit the immense drain of gold which
that swarm around them, and allow people to sell has been going on from this country, showing and buy products and goods wherever they found it that something must be done to stop this drain
for their interest to do so. This will bring us to a
truo and normal condition. I see clearly what the unless we wish to go into bankruptcy, and effect would be. Commercial disturbance would be demonstrating that this bill is a step in the the natural result, for it would be a great and radical right direction. I ask the Clerk to read the
change. We should be on an entirely new founda
tion. The first effect would be tostop manufacturing statistics which I send to the desk.
here, and the country wowd be filled with foreign The Clerk read as follows:
goods, many of wbich' Europe would never see her “The drain of gold and the tariff.--The published
money for. A commercial revulsion would follow,
laborers would be out of employment, and the price statements of our imports and exports for the eleven
of labor would come down, down, down, until it months euding May 31, 1968, show of imports $33,211,4 17 against about two hundred and fifty-eight
touched the European standard.” million for 1867, and about two hundred and eighty Shall I read the last words?" And then three million for 1866. Our receipts of revenue on these imports are $102,503,519, against about one hun
success is secured.'' Think ofthat, Mr. Chairdred and twelve millions for the same period in 1867 man! After you bankrupt the country, get and $123,000,000 in 1506. Of these imports, $73.000.000
labor down, down, down, until it touches the in gold values were dry goods. Our exports, exclusive of specie, for the same period were $103,219,520,
European standard, and then success is seas against about one hundred and sixty-five million cured! Why, sir, it puts me in mind of a story for the same period in 1860-67, and 8205,000,000 in 1805 I heard when I was a boy: a simple-minded 66. The balance of trade against us was paid for by an export of gold anounting to $11,979,398, in the woman was raising a child of her own, and eleven months ending with May, 1866; $34,642,660 in some wag, not contemplating the result of his the same period ending with May, 1867, and the enormous sum of $61,156,358 for the like period ending advice, asked her why she did not teach her wiih May, 1868, nearly twenty millions more than
child to live without cating. She went to our export of gold has ever reached before in the work to practice the advice. She kept her same period. Mr. J. Ross Browne, in his report of
child without eating on and off, trying to teach our production of the precious metals, estimated our total annual product of both gold and silver at $75,
it to do entirely without eating for weeks, and 000,000. Taking into account the amount of spccio
at last the child died. The woman lamented leaving directly for Europe from San Francisco it is the death of the child, for, said she, “How sad evident we are draining every dollar of gold we are producing to pay for these imports,
it was I lost the child just as I had taught it The balanceof trade against this country has been to do without eating.” [Laughter.] $723,266,717 gold since 1861. To meet this we have exported $130,301,0:29 of Government bonds, and
Now, here is the free trade doctrine, they $:286,965,688 of coin above our imports. From 1860 to endeavor to teach us to do without a tariff, and 1861, both inclusivo, our importations were $476,928,- || just as we get well enough learned, so that, ac616 in excess of our exports, and the excess of our coin export over import was $121,551.794, inaking a
cording to this writer, success is attained, we balance of trade amounting to $1,002,195,331 against
are literally dead to all prosperity. us for eighteen years, with a loss of coin amounting But I did not intend to say haif as much as to $711,517,667, or an amount equal to the whole gold and silver product of the country for that period.
I have on this subject. I only wanted a few The consumption of foreign goods in 1866 was equal
minutes to appeal to members of the House, to $12 22 per capita for a population of thirty-five and then let the discussion go on, hoping that miilions, and all of our factories were stopping for a lack of support. In 1867 this consumption announted
when it is ended we shall get at a speedy vote. to $11 15 per capita, whereas it was only $11 81 per
I have shown members of the House that durcapita in the crash of 1857, and averaged but $3 44 ing the last Congress when we had a majority under tho tariff of 1812, “There is no other country on the face of the earth,
we did not succeed in getting a tariff bill not even excepting opulent Great Britain,that could through. Now, I appeal to members not to lave endured such a drain on its gold and such a tax succumb to that same kind of influence that on its industry as is shown by the above figures to bave been sustained through a term of years by this. The
defeated us before. I expect there will be all fact that we have sustained it and live only proves
sorts of amendments offered. You will find the extent and variety of our resources and our ex one gentleman who thinks he will strike a