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elections of the South, to manipulate and con- and his political associates are concerned, for As regards the remark of the gentleman from trol the southern States; and it costs, not the me to state again, as I have before, the precise New York in reference to the proviso con$1,500,000 as pretended here, not the $6,000,- expense which this bureau has been to the

tained in the printed bill, I will say to him 000, as alleged by the gentleman from Massa- Treasury of the United States; because these that the bill on the Speaker's table does not chusetts, [Mr. Elior,] but the $15,000,000 same old stories are reiterated which have been contain that proviso. . It was stricken out in proved by the gentleman from Pennsylvania,

coinmeuced at the White House and reëchoed the Senate, although it was reported to the [Mr. Boyer.] This enormous sum is to be im. through the Democratic prints, that the ex- Senate by the committee; so that the bill posed upon the tax-ridden dupes of the North, penses of the bureau have ranged from ten stands free from that objectionable featuretools of the North in that respect. We are to to twenty million dollars. Sir, on the 1st of objectionable in the view of the gentleman be ground to powder by taxation solely for the January last, every dollar that had come out from New York, [Mr. BrookS)--although I purpose of keeping up northern electioneering of the Treasury for the support of this bureau, believe myself that the provision was wise and agents in ten States of the South to manipulate from its cominencement, was between three

proper. The gentleman complains that this and control elections in those States.

and four million dollars, beside the amount of bill provides for the termination of the bureau. Mr. PIKE. I wish to ask the gentleman a stores and clothing issued from the quarter- It is very well known that when the first law question.

master's department. In the bill passed in was passed creating it it was designed in its Mr. BROOKS. Not out of my time. My | July, 1866, no appropriation at all in money nature to be temporary. Why, sir, if it had time is precious.

was made. From the first inception of the not been for Andrew Johnson and those who Mr. ELIOT. How much longer does the bureau down to the present hour there has not have supported him the bureau would have gentleman ask?

been an appropriation by Congress of a sum ceased to exist before this time. It would have Mr. BROOKS. Five minutes.

equal to the sinallest amount that the gentle- discharged all its work. It has been opposed M ELIOT. I yield five minutes longer to men have charged against it as its annual cost. nd hindered at every step. That it has enthe gentleman.

I wish to say in this connection that besides

countered the animosity of gentlemen from the Mr. BROOKS. Why not move that it shall the speech which I had the honor to make here southern States, such men as Wade Hampton expire on the 1st of November or December some time ago I took a great deal of care and and Forrest; that it has encountered the opposinext, when this Congress reassembles? Why pains to prepare a report upon this subject, tion of such men as General Rousseau of Kenhave it expire at some indefinite time? The showing the precise expenses and the operation tucky, and all those men who were disposed gentleman from Massachusetts (Mr. Eliot) is of the bureau under General Howard ; show- to crush down the negro and permit the rebel generally frank in his political maneuvers. I ing the good it had done and the evil it had to control now, after defeat in the field, as he will not use those words, but in his political prevented. Gentlemen will find in the folding did control before in council, I am not surmanipulations and intentions. Why not, if room at their credit some twenty or thirty prised. But I apprehend that there are gen. he intends to end this bureau, end iť Decem- | copies of that report, in which I assure them tlemen now on this floor who, if it were needber 1, in a frank and honorable way, instead they will find material to answer all the charges ful, would come to the rescue of this bureau of these ambiguous terms extending it over all which have been made against this bureau on and would show that the loyal men

en—the loyal time. And I tell the gentleman from Massa- account of its expenses. They will find more- white men in the South-have had no agency chusetts (Mr. Eliot] he may as well end this over that, had it not been for the unprecedented like that of this bureau to sustain them at Freedmen's Bureau at one time as another. and unexpected animosity which the measure home in their strife and struggle with rebels. Our northern countrymen, our western coun: received at the hands of the Executive, by the

This bill peremptorily terminates the life of the trymen, cannot longer manipulate and control || provision which was made in the first bill all

bureau on the 1st of January. to is believed the negroes of the South. There is an instinct the expenses that the bureau could have that under existing circumstances it would not even higher than intelligence and education, charged upon the treasury of the United States

be safe or prudent for the operations of this because it is God given. The instinct of

could have been paid out of funds which should bureau to be discontinued at an earlier day the negro is at last discovering that he is being have been appropriated to the bureau from than that. We were disposed to let the coun: used, as his donkey or mule or his horse is

rebel sources.

It was designed that the rebel- try see that although this measure in its characused, by northern adventurers for the purpose lion which created the war should pay for the ter was temporary, although it has been con: of riding into the capital of the United States whole expense of this bureau, and that would

tinued against our desires, because of the from the plantations of the South. The Freedhave been the case but for the fact that the

animosity which has been exercised toward men's Bureau had as well be ended at first as rebels, pardoned and unpardoned, with their it, the hostility shown to it by the Executive at last. Its day is over, or nearly over, and

hands red with the blood of Union men, prop- and his friends, yet that we were disposed at it will be hardly able to manipulate the negroes

erty by the thousand was turned over by the the very first moment practicable to withdraw during the election. The instinct of the negro

President taken from the bureau under whose || its operations, leaving the fate of the negroes has discovered at last, as in Mississippi and charge it was, in order that the expenses might and of the loyal whites in the hands of their southern Georgia, what is the object and be thus defrayed.

own respective States. intent of this Freedmen's Bureau, and there Now, sir, the gentleman from New York

Mr. ALLISON. I understand the gentleman soon will be an end to it throughout the south- [Mr. Brooks) will pardon me for saying he

to say that the bureau is to be absolutely withern States. I thank the gentleman from Mas. bas made a statement unjust, uufair, and untrue drawn on the 1st day of January. I suggest sachusetts for the opportunity he has given me, againt the gentleman who now holds the office

that it would be better to strike out the words so seldom given to my side of the House. of Commissioner of this bureau, because he has

as soon as the same may be done without Mr. ADAMS. I ask leave to offer an amend

recently been building a house for himself in || injury to the Government." I think that may ment.

the city of Washington. I do not, of course, not be quite clear.
Mr. ELIOT. I cannot yield for that purpose.
impute to him the making of a statement that

Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. I hope
Mr. ADAMS. Allow it to be reported ?

he does not believe. But, sir, 1 do not believe the gentleman from Massachusetts will agree
Mr. ELIOT. I will hear it read.
there can be found a man more upright in his

to that amendment.
The Clerk read as follows:
dealing than the Commissioner ofibis bureau.

Mr. ELIOT. The object of those words is
Strike out all after the enacting clause in section

I have kuown him long. I believe him to be a simply this: if the provision is peremptory two, and insert the following: man of high integrity, and one of the last that

that on the 1st of January it shall be withThat said bureau shall be immediately withdrawn would perinit himself to be made richer by a and discontinued in all the States now represented

drawn, no fact, however important to the Govin Congress, and shall be discontinued in the remain

single dollar from the public money that does ernment, could permit it to continue another ing States, as soon as they shall be restored to their not legitimately belong to him from the salary | day. I will consent, however, to the amendformer political relations with the Government of the United States.

he receives as a major general of the Ariny, ment being offered.
Sir, when General Howard went into the

Mr. ALLISON. Then I move to strike out
Mr. ADAMS. Will the gentleman allow Army he had a few thousand dollars. During

the words “as soon as the same may be done me five minutes to state why that amendment the existence of the war he by great economy without injury to the Government." That will should be adopted ? saved a few thousand dollars more out of which

require the Commissioner to withdraw the Mr. ELIOT There is no use, as I could he has built a house, putting in it all he has, not let the amendment be offered. The gen

bureau absolutely on the 1st of January, and being compelled to give security, as I under- Mr. ELIOT. I yield five minutes to the tleman from Kentucky is opposed to the Freed stand, for the payment of the full indebtment.

gentleman from Tennessee, [Mr. ARNELL.] men's Bureau. He has been consistently | General Howard has laid on the battle-tield of Mr. ARNELL. I hope sincerely that the opposed to it from the beginning, and I do his country his right arm, and I believe he

amendment offered by the gentleman from not know but if I were in his situation and would consign the other in companionship with

Iowa [Mr. Allison) will not prevail, and in represented the political feelings he does on the it before he would permit himself to be a party order to show the necessity for the continuance general subjects embraced in the bureau I to any transaction involving a taint of pecuniary of the bureau, and that it is best that the time should feel as he does. I have been familiar fraud. It is not fair because of certain personal of its withdrawal should be left indefinite, I also with the opinions of the distinguished || hostilities which have grown up against him in ask the Clerk to read an article from one of gentleman from New York, (Mr. Brooks.] the church with which he is connected, about the Nashville papers received to-day. From the inception of the bureau to the pres- which I do not propose to speak, that gentle- The Clerk read as follows: ent time he has been one of its most bitter men ordinarily so careful should throw out

The Ku-Klur-Murders, robheries, and outrages by the opponents.

slurs and reproach upon his private character. Klan-School teaching and Bible reading proscribed. Now, sir, there have been some things said Gentlemen should not permit themselves to be Accounts reach us from Giles, Marshall, Hamilton, by the gentleman from New York which I heard organs of communication through this House and Bedford counties of fresh outrages perpetrated indistinctly, but to which I propose to reply

by the Ku-Klux on colored people. The horrors praoto the country of stories like that to which

ticed by these wretches grow more intensely black brielly. It is of no use, so far as the gentleman allusion was made.

every day. They roam through the country and per

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potrate their crimes with apparent impunity and a rels or difficulties with any one so far as known to be restored to their former political relations satanic determination and disregard of consequences

with the Federal Government. Why does not perfectly appalling.

He was here during the cholera scourge of the fall From Giles county a dozen or more colored men of 1566, and Hon. Elmund Cooper has testified in

the gentleman from Massachusetts [Jir. Eliot] arrived yesterday morning by way of the Alabama

public speeches that he kindly and faithfully waited accept that amendment? What is the necesrailway. Their narrative of suffering is heartrendupon the sick and dying, and was of great help to

sity for continuing this bureau, with all its ing. They all have families depending on them, iro him in disbursing his charities and benevolence to fariners who cultivated pieces of land, and were just the poor and needy where most others fled the dread

vast expenditures, until the 1st day of January housing their crops. They had from thirty to filty ful plague.

next? The reason assigned for its continuacres euch under cultivation besides other little prop

On the 4th of July, Mr. Dunlap, as he had doneon ance heretofore has been that the southern crty in the Wily of stock. They are men rugged and

former occasions, formed a procession of his large kuotted up with ceaseless toil in an up-hill struggle, school, and under the school banners and stars and

States were in such a disorganized and disarnot only to make a little for future contingencies, stripes, marched around the square and out to the ranged condition that it was necessary to have but even to make bread whereon to live. Honest

grounds of Hon. William H. Wismer, where they had this bureau in order to protect the freedmen in Tieborers, out in the fields from early dawn to dewy

a large gathering and pic-nic. They sang, danced, ere, earning, as they simply express it, "meat and and celebrated the glorious Fourth in a social gath

their rights and privileges; that the civil insticlothes for their little ones. They all lived in tho

cring of their own race principally. Enough whites tutions and civil officers down there were not neighborhood of Cornersville, about twelve miles were present, the writer among the nuinber, to tosfrom Pulaski, in Giles county.

adequate to the protection of that class of tify that there was no disorderly conduct, profane A Mr. T.Clark, it very mild and gentlemanly man, swearing, or dissipation upon the ground,

people. who used to teach sehool down there, was compelled

After night, and when many had retired to repose, Now, there are to-day three of those States tu quit by the persecuting members of the Klan, lle

no friend of law, order, and peace dreaming of a raid is even afraid to write about their doings. George

represented on this floor; three of them are from the hu-Klux, they made their appearance on the Bose, a colored teacher, had a prosperous school of square, about fifty in number, mounted on capari

now restored to all their relations with this over forty children, was also compelled to give up soned horses, revolver in hand and whistle in mouth, Government, having State governments estabhis school, and is now in town. The Klan is repre- and proceeded directly to Mr. Dunlap's house. Ho sented as being perfectly reckless, and the house of

lished which are competent to afford the most shut the door in their faces. They fired a shot into one widow Gordon, twelves miles from Pulaski, and the house; forced the doors; promised to spare his

ample and abundant protection to the freedfire froin Cornersville, is said to be the headquarters. life if hesurrendered; disarmed him of his pistol, (and men, giving them even greater civil and politThey meet there almost nightly, and hold deliberta

still have it,) and made him mount behind one of tions and plan their infernal work of blood. The

ical rights than are given to the whites. Then them. wives and families of these colored fugitives are now They then went to the house of Jim Franklin, a where the necessity for continuing this bureau in the woods living in the best manner they can. colored man, and found him in bed; inade him follow for a single hour in those States? If the genThey, too, are driven out of their houses. Giles

them. They returned to the square, gavetliree checrs tlemen who have advocated this bill heretofore county needs purging.

for Andrew Johnson, and proceeding a short dis-
tance from town, stripped and whipped their victims

were sincere in the reasons they have assigned Assassination of the Registration Commissioner of with a strap most unmercifully, cruclly, and shame- for the further continuance of this bureau, then I Orerton County.

fully, and discharged them, with orders to Dunlap to must say that those reasons no longer exist, at Editor Press and Timer:

leave ii inediately. or his life would be taken. On the 1st day of July five armed men appeared

The supposed offense of the colored man was that

least so far as they apply to the States which before the dwolling house of James Francis, com

he wore the sash of a marshal. Tbreats were made have been already restored. I wish to ask what missioner of registration for Overton county, and

against others, and the brave and gallant troop left, better reason will there be for withdrawing this pointing their gunsin at the windows demanded his no doubt vastly proud of their achievements.

bureau from those three States now represurrender. On being informed by Mrs. Francis that


sented here on the 1st of January next than her husband was not at the house, they proceeded to

Mr. ARNELL. I desire to state that in search the premises, took what arms they could find,

exists to-day? None whatever. But there is and such other articles as they chose to appropriate.

Middle Tennessee the only guardian for these one reason to which I desire to call the attenBy this time somo confederates, who had concealed colored persons that is capable of ferreting | tion of the House as being the reason which themselves on the farm, called to them to "come on, they had hinn." At this the rulhans leit, taking their

out these outrages and bringing them to public prompts the chairman of the committee (Mr. booty. A short time after they were gono Mrs. F. notice is this much-abused bureau. I hold in

Eliot) and the majority on this floor to favor heard two gups fire, and supposing her husband had my hand two sworn statements from ex-F'ed

the continuance of this bureau, which is so been shot, she and two neighboring women followed in the direction of the firing. Directly they heard

eral soldiers, who did gallant service in the plain tbat no one can mistake it. One of the other guns, and in a few minutes twenty or more Army.

reasons assigned by the gentleman from Masshots were fired. Continuing to follow the trail she [Here the hammer fell.]

sachusetts (Mr. Eliot) for the continuance of came upon a waste-house in an old field, some inile or more from her house, whereshe found her husband

Mr. ELIOT. I now ask for a vote on the this bureau was in a letter which he incorpo: lying dead. This hands wero tied, and he was iiterally bill.

rated in his speech, and of which I will read riddled with builot-lioles.

Mr. ADAMS. Is this bill to be pressed

an extract, as follows: through without allowing the minority of the "3. The bureau should be continued one year Marshall County.

Committee on Freédmen's Affairs to say a word longer to act as a sort of moderator between white A letter from Marshall county of tho 1st gives a

and black during the exciting contest now impending fearful account of the resurrected rebels in that dis

over the whole country. It can thus assist wondertrict:

Mr. ELIOT. I will yield five minutes to my fully in reconstructing the South on a loyal basis. MARSHALL COUNTY, July 1. colleague [Mr. Adams) on the Committee on

To continue the bureau one year more than is proWe have gathered some further particulars about Freedmen's Affairs.

vided will cover most all the exciting political issues the cruel intentions of those infamous wretches, the

about to be made
in the election for President,

and Ku-Kluxes, or resurrected rebels, as they call them

Mr. ADAMS. Mr. Speaker, much has been this is of no little importance to the whole country." selves. On the night of the 15th of June those infa- said about the cost of the Freedmen's Bureau, I have shown that the reason heretofore mous wretches went to the house of Mr. Lewis Strickally and abused him, and we learn their calculations

and the gentleman from Massachusetts (Mr. || assigned for the continuation of this bureau, were to serve in a like manner the person of Berry

Eliot] has time and time again asserted in the protegtion of freedmen in their rights, is man Scales, Mr. Willis, and also R. Royster, for the this House that only about three million dol. not now applicable to some of these States, sole cause of boarding a teacher at his house. They

lars have been drawn from the Treasury for and will not be applicable to the others so 8000 expressed an intention to hang Mr. Jenkins for his habit of reading the Bible to those of his own race,

the purpose of supporting the operations of as they shall be restored to their former politi. thereby making them as wise as the white men, as this bureau. Now, sir, I am prepared to prove cal relations. Why should this bureau be conthey allege. Mr. Jenkins is the minister in this vicinity and is worthy of protection. He is allowed

to this House, if I had time, that this bureau tinued in these States? Why should you not to preach but once a month. Five hard-working, has actually cost the Government, notin money

as to these States do now what you propose to honest citizens were dragged out of their beus in appropriated and taken from the Treasury, but do in January next? Why is it more appro the night and maltreated in the most shocking manner. While the whipping was being done the

from various sources, taken altogether, the sum priate to discontinue the bureau in January cause given for it was that ho voted for Brown- of $16,000,000 up to the 1st of January last. next than now, unless we intend the bureau to low, and if he did not vote the Conservative ticket I have never seen the statement which the operate as a political machine to control politnext time he would be killed. John Street, one of the oflicers of Chapel Hill, openly declared that

gentleman from Massachusetts has made in ical sentiments and to accomplish political there never has been any peace, and that they only

his report; but he has made the statement in ) ends in those States. Mr. Speaker, it is apretired a while to rest and gather force for another the House, and repeated it time and time parent and cannot be denied--the gentleman rebellion. The son of another squire has been en

again, that only about three million dollars from Massachusetts knows it, and dare not gaged in these night law-breaking and citizen-terriTying expeditions. Ile had his right arm wounded. have been taken from the Treasury for this | deny it--that all the reasons heretofore assigned Three of the Klan have been wounded, one mortally, bureau. That statement was intended to leave for the continuance of the bureau have now but they are busily recruiting, and have an immense amount of guns and revolvery, and they swear they

upon the House and the courtry the impres- ceased to exist. There is at this time no reason will fight again. There is a regular war here between

sion that the entire cost of this bureau has why this bureau should not be withdrawn from the whites and blacks.

been only $3,000,000. Now I say, as I said States so soon as they are reorganized and

some time since, when I made some remarks restored to their former political relations. I Outrages in Bedford county.

upon this subject, that this bureau has cost cannot see, therefore, why the amendment I SHELBYVILLE, July 7, 1868.

the Government in property and in money over Editor Press and Times :

have proposed should not be accepted, and The facts are simply theso: Mr. Dunlap is a north

sixteen million dollars, and I am prepared to | why it should not be adopted by the House. ern or western man, first sent here by some society

support that statement by the report and state. But, sir, if the object is to have the benefit of to teach the colored people. He has been in our ments of General Howard himself.

this institution, as indicated by the corne minst three or four ycars, leading a quiet, unobtru- Now; in regard to the continuance of this spondent of the gentleman from Massachusetts, sivylito, well qualified to teach, devoted and correct in the work. He has never attempted to force nima- bureau, it is proposed to discontinue it after until after the presidential election, why not self upon the notice of the white people, but has at- the 1st of January next, provided it may be | discontinue it on the first Wednesday after the tended to his own business, offering no contempt or done “ without injury to the Government." I | presidential election, when they have realized insult, nor permitting it to be done by his pupils toward any person, but, on the contrary, as some of

offered, or desired to offer, an amendment to the benefits and accomplished the ends desired our best conservative citizens are ready to testify, the effect that this bureau should be discon- instead of postponing until the 1st of January readily and promptly rebuked and corrected any iin- tinued now in all the States which are at pres. as proposed. proprieties on their part that came to his knowledge or were suggested to him. He bas been honest, up

ent represented in Congress, and that it should [Here the hammer fell.] right, and just in all his dealings with white and be discontinued in those States which are not Mr. ELIOT. Mr. Speaker, the only point black siace he has been here. lle has had no quar

represented in Congress as soon as they shall || that has been made by the gentleman from

upon it?


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Kentucky [Mr. ADAMS] is the same one at- freedmen within the limits of the State of Ten- one of them, Mr. Boyden, was a member of the tempted to be made by other gentlemen here

I trust the State of Tennessee will be | Legislature of North Carolina under the conin regard to the expense of the bureau. I able to do that. I confess, sir, I am a little || federate government, and the other, Mr. Dockhave answered it two or three times already; 1 surprised to hear gentlemen from Tennessee ery, served in 1863 for three months in the and I only want to say now one word upon the || admit, as they seem to admit, the inability of confederate army. The disabilities incurred point. The gentleman knows or ought to kuow the State government of Tennessee, of the loyal | by these acts have been removed by act of that all the expenses of this bureau would have people of Tennessee, to afford this protection. Congress, and therefore the committee recombeen defrayed from the collections of cotton Why are they not able? Is it because they mend that these gentlemen be admitted to made by the labor of freedmen under the have not arms in their hands to defend them their seats upon taking the oath of office reoperations of the bureau. Not: one dollar of against the outrages of these rebels? If that | quired by the act prescribing an oath of office expense would have been imposed upon the is the reason let us give them out of the in- to be taken by persons from whom legal disTreasury of the United States if it had not mense supply of unnecessary arms now on abilities shall have been removed. been for the action of President Johnson in hand, enough of arms so they can protect them

The SPEAKER. The President of the returning property, both personal and real, to selves and the freedmen against these outrages. United States having notified the House of the rebels from whom it had been taken. It Unless there is some reason, then, not sug: his approval, on the 11th of July, of the act is by that action, and that alone, that any ex- gested on this floor to-day, I hope the amend- referred to, it has therefore now become the pense for the support of the bureau has been ment of the gentleman from lowa (Mr. ALLI. law. The question is on agreeing with the put upon the Treasury of the United States. son] will be adopted, and the Freedmen's | report of the Committee of Elections.

Mr. ELDRIDGE. I desire to know whether Bureau be discontinued in every reconstructed The report of the committee was agreed to. the gentleman from Massachusetts [Mr. State as soon as the 1st of January next.

Mr. NATHANIEL BOYDEN and Mr. OLIVER H. Eliot) denies specifically the charge made by Mr. BOYER. Will the gentleman from DOCKERY then appeared, and were duly qual. the gentleman from Kentucky, (Mr. ADAMS,) Massachusetts allow me to correct some of the ified by taking the oath prescribed by the act the gentleman from Pennsylvania, [ Mr. Boy. fallacies in his calculation ?

of July 11, 1868. ER,) and the gentleman from New York, [Mr. Mr. ELIOT. I cannot yield. I demand the Mr. BROOKS. A very sensible oath. Brooks,] that the expense of this bureau has previous question. been within the time stated $16,000,000 ?

The previous question was seconded, and the
Mr. ELIOT. I deny it emphatically. The main question ordered.

Mr. MOORHEAD obtained the floor, but gentlemen have had before them the figures Mr. Allison's amendment was adopted. yielded to Mr. BUTLER, of Massachusetts, which would have shown them their statement The bill, as amended, was ordered to a third who asked unanimous consent to offer a joint is not correct.

reading, and it was accordingly read the third resolution for the appointment of an additional Mr. ELDRIDGE. They all affirm that it time.

commissioner on the commission relative to a is true.

Mr. ELIOT demanded the previous question bridge in Boston harbor. Mr. ELIOT. Certainly; and the gentle. | on the passage of the bill.

The SPEAKER. The joint resolution will men's President has stated the amount at The previous question was seconded, and the be reported; after which the Chair will ask for $20,000,000. There is no truth in any such main question ordered.

objections, if any. statement.

Mr. BROOKS and Mr. BECK demanded the The joint resolution was reported. It authorMr. ELDRIDGE. President Johnson, I yeas and nays.

izes the Secretary of War and the Secretary of believe, stated the amount as $12,000,000. The yeas and nays were ordered.

the Navy to appoint an additional commisMr. ELIOT. I yield to the gentleman from The question was taken; and it was decided

sioner from civil life to determine the question Wisconsin, (Mr. PAINE.]

in the aflirmative-yeas 104, nays öl, not voting of the feasibility and propriety of throwing a Mr. PAINE. Mr. Speaker, by the second 53; as follows:

bridge across a portion of Boston harbor section of the thirteenth article of the amend

called “Maverick bridge," so that said comments of the Constitution authorizing Congress | Ashley, James M. Ashley. Bailey, Baldwin, Beatty.

YEAS-Messrs. Allison, Ames, Arnell, Delos R.

mission shall consist of five. to “enforce by appropriate legislation the | Benjamin, Benton, Blair, Boles, Boutwell, Bromwelt

, Mr. PIKE and Mr. BANKS objected. abolition of slavery, we are empowered to use

Buckland, Benjamin F. Butler, Roderick R. Butler,
Churchill, Sidney Clarke, Cobb, Coburn, Cook,

for that purpose this bureau whenever it may be Covode, Cullom, Dawes, Delano, Dixon, Donnelly,
necessary. So long as it is impossible for the Driggs, Eckley, Ela, Eliot, Farnsworth, Ferriss,

Mr. JUDD. I desire to offer the following Fields, French Garfield, Griswold, Hamilton, Higby, resolution: State governments in the South to do this it

Hinds, IIooper, Hopkins, Chester D. Hubbard, Hulwould seem to me to be reasonable to continue | burd, 'Hunter, Jenckes, Alexander H. Jones, Judd,

Resolved, That the bill providing for the construc

tion of a ship canal around the Falls of Niagara, now the Freedmen's Bureau, and I should be in favor Julian, Kelsey, Ketcham, kitchen, Koontz, William of such continuance. But as a member of the Lawrence, Lynch, Mallory, Marvin, Maynard, Mc

in Committee of the Whole, ho postponed to the 10th Carthy, MeClurg. McKee, Mercur, Miller, Moore,

day of December next, and made the special order Committee on Freedmen's Affairs, I am in

immediately after the morning hour. Moorhead, Mullins. Myers, O'Neill, Orth, Paine, favor of discontinuing this bureau just as soon Perham, Peters, Pike. Pile, Plants, Poland, Pom- Mr. KELSEY. I object. as the people of those reconstructed States

eroy, Raum, Robertson, Roots, Sawyer, Schenck, Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. There will

Scofield, Shanks, Smith, Starkweather, Thaddeus shall themselves be able to secure to the freed. Stevens, Stokes, Taylor, Thomas, Trowbridge, Twich

be no objection, I take it, to a simple postmen of the South that which it is the duty of ell, Van Aernam, Burt Von Horn, Robert T.Van Horn,

ponement. the nation to see secured to them. The recon

Van Wyck, Eihu B. Washburne, Henry D. Wach- Mr. JUDD. I will strike out so much of the

burn, William B. Washburn. Welker, Thomas Wilstruction of these States will, I trust, speedily liams, William Williains, and John T. Wilson-104.

resolution as makes it the special order if the be followed by such a condition of things in NAYS-Messrs. Adams, Archer, Axtell, Beck, gentleman will withdraw his objection. the South as will enable the States themselves

Boyer, Brooks, Cary, Chanler, Eldridge, Getz, Gloss- Mr. KELSEY. I still object.

brenner, Golladay, Grover, Haight, Hawkins, Johnto accord to the freedmen the protection to son, Thomas L. Jones, Kerr, Knott, George V.Law

Mr. JUDD. I move to suspend the rules. which under this thirteenth article they are rence, Marshall, Mungen, Niblack, Phelps, Randall, Mr. MOORHEAD. I cannot yield for that. entitled.

Ross, Sitgreaves, Stewart, Taber, Lawrence S. Trim- Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. The gen.

ble, Van Aukon, and Van Trump-31. I am therefore in favor of the amendment NOT VOTING-Messrs. Anderson, Baker, Banks,

tleman will have a right to move to suspend of the gentleman from Iowa, [Vr. Allison.] Barnes, Barnum, Beaman, Bingham, Blaine, Broom- the rules for a special purpose which would making compulsory the discontinuance of this

all, Burr, Cake, Reader W. Clarke, Cornell, Deweese, override the objection of the gentleman from

Dodge, Eggleston, Ferry, Finney, Fox, Gravely, Halbureau on the 1st of January next. I should sey, Harding. Hill, Holman, Hotchkiss, Asahel W.

Pennsylvania. be in favor of discontinuing it in each of those Ilubbard, Richard D. Hubbard, Huinphrey, Inger- The SPEAKER. The Chair is not aware States as fast as they are reconstructed but for soli, Kelley, Laflin, Lincoln, Loan, Logan, Lough

of any such rule in the Digest. Two motions the fact that it will require time for the State

ridge, McCormick,. McCullough, Morrell, Mor-
rissey, Newcomb, Nicholson, Nunn, Polsley, Price,

to suspend the rules cannot be made at the governments there to acquire the power to Pruyn, Robinson, Selye, Shellabarger, Spalding, same time is the maker of the first inotion incarry out to the freedmen the guarantees of Aaron F. Stevens, Stone, Taffe, John Trimble,

sists upon it. Upson, Ward, Cadwalader c. Washburn, James F. this new amendment of the Constitution. It Wilson, Stephen F. Wilson, Windom, Wood, Wood- SOLICITOR AND NAVAL JUDGE ADVOCATE. will be our duty to furnish these State govern- bridge, and Woodward-03. ments with the means of doing it. It will be So the bill was passed.

Mr. SCHENCK, by unanimous consent, our duty to furnish the militia of those States Mr. ELIOT moved to reconsider the vote

introduced a bill (H. R. No. 1430) to abolish with arms which will enable them to protect | by which the bill was passed; and also moved

the office of solicitor and naval judge advothese freedmen. Already measures have been that the motion to reconsider be laid on the

cate, and for other purposes; which was read inaugurated which will result in a provision for

a first and second time, referred to the Comtable. that necessity of the case, but time will be The latter motion was agreed to.

mittee on Naval Affairs, and ordered to be required to consummate these arrangements.

printed. Therefore it would be wrong for us to violate


REMISSION OF DUTY ON BELLS. this constitutional amendment by discontinuing

Mr. DAWES. I rise to a question of priv- Mr. GRISWOLD, by unanimous consent, the Freedmen's Bureau at once. But I cannot | ilege. The Committee of Elections, to whom reported from the Committee of Ways and see, if arms are furnished by the Federal Gov- were referred the credentials of Nathaniel Boy- || Means a joint resolution (H. R. No. 339) ernment to the militia of these States to enable den and Oliver H. Dockery, claiming seats authorizing the remission of the duties on a them to protect themselves and the freedmen from the third and seventh districts of North chime of bells imported for presentation to within their limits against outrages, why we Carolina, instruct me to report they find the the Episcopal church at Hoosack, Renssellaer cannot safely withdraw the Freedmen's Bureau credentials in due form of law, but that these county, New York; which was read a first and and the Federal Army. I cannot see why the gentlemen are unable to take the oath of office second time. State of Tennessee hereafter cannot protect the Il prescribed by the statute of July 2, 1862, because The joint resolution was ordered to be en

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grossed and read a third time; and being en- Twichell, Upson, Van Auken, Burt Van Horn, Van Mr. ALLISON. I should like to know the grossed, it was accordingly read the third time, Wyck, Ward, Henry D. Washburn, William B. and passed. Washburn, Welker, Thoinas Williams, and Stephen

gentleman's reason for the statement he has F. Wilson-84.

just made, that the Senate postponed the tariff Mr. GRISWOLD moved to reconsider the NAYS-Messrs. Adams, Allison, Axtell, Baker, bill at the instance of the Special Commisvote by which the joint resolution was passed; Beatty, Beck, Benjamin, Bromwell, Brooks, Benjaand also moved that the motion to reconsider min F. Butler, Cary, Chanler, Sidney Clarke, Cobb,

sioner of Internal Revenue. I never heard of Cook, Cullom, Donnelly, Eldridge, Farnsworth,

it before. be laid on the table.

berNOORHEAD. If the gentleman will Glossbrenner, Gollady, Grover, Ilawkins, llopkins, The latter motion was agreed to.

Hunter, Johnson, Thomas L. Jones, Judd, Julian,

Kerr, Knott, William Lawrence, Loan, Logan, Lough: | only be cool and keep his seat, I will endeavor ROSWELL BATES. ridge, Marshall, Mungen, Nil ck, Nunn, Orth,

to give him all the light I bave on the subject; On motion of Mr. MILLER, by unanimous

Paino, Peters, Phelps, Pike, Ross, Shanks, sit- and which, perhaps, may be all he will want

greaves, Stewart, Taber, Tatie, Thomas, Lawrence consent, the Committee on Invalid Pensions S. Trimble, Van Trump, Elitru B. Washburne, Wil

to know. were discharged from the further considera- liam Williams, and James F. Wilson-56.

The gentleman to whom I referred, who has NOT VOTING-Messrs. Bailey, Barnes, Barnum, tion of the memorial of Roswell Bates, asking

the title of Special Commissioner of Internal Beaman, Bingham, Blaine, Broomall, Biur, Cake, for a pension from 1817 to 1852; and the same Reader W. Clarke, Coburn, Cornell, Delano, De

Revenue, represented to the Senate that the was referred to the Committee on Revolutionweese, Dodge, Eggleston, Eliot, Ferry, Finney, Fox,

bill of the Committee of Ways and Means, ary Pensions and of the War of 1812.

French, Gravely, Ilalsey, Harding, Tul, Holman, which was a small, delicate, genteel bill, as
Hooper, Hotchkiss, Asahel W. Hubbard, Richard
D. Hlubbard, Humphrey, Ingersoll, Kelley, Latin,

the House may see by examining the files of Lincoln, McCormick, McCullough, Morrell, Morris- the last Congress, merely amending the tariffMr. MOORHEAD. I now move that the sey. Newcomb, Nicholson, Polsley, Price, Pruyn, he represented that that was not a perfect bill; rules be suspended, and the House resolve

Raum, Robinson, Roots, Shellabarzer, Aaron F. itself into Coinmittee of the Whole on the Stevens, Thaddeus Sievens, Stone, John Trinble,

that we wanted an entirely new tariff bill, one Van Aernam, Robert T. Van llorn, Cadwalader C. that should contain every article upon which state of the Union, for the purpose of consid- Washburn, Joon T. Wilson, Windom, Wood, Wood- any tariff duty was imposed. The Senate sup: ering the tariff bill; and pending that motion, bridge, and Woodward-60.

posed there was something in that, and agreed I move that all general debate on the bill be So the motion was agreed to.

io postpone the bill, with the understanding closed in thirty minutes.

The rules were accordingly suspended ; and that he would prepare the details, the outlines, Mr. ELDRIDGE. Cannot the gentleman the House resolved itself into the Committee the groundwork of an entire tariff bill, and say thirty-one minutes?

of the Whole on the state of the Union, (Mr. have it ready for them at the commencement Mr. MOORHEAD. No, sir.

Dawes in the chair,) and resumed the consid- of the next session. Mr. ELDRIDGE. I think he ought to give eration of the bill (H. R. No. 1319) to increase At the commencement of the next session us another minute.

the revenue from duties on imports and teud- here was his bill, containing three times as Mr. MOORHEAD. Not at this stage of the ing to equalize exports and imports.

much as the bill which passed the House, session.

The CHAIRMAN. By order of the House which was merely a bill amendatory of the Mr. ELDRIDGE. Surely on a bill of this

all general debate on the bill is closed in two tariff. In his bill there were included huo. importance he might let us have thirty-one hours.

dreds of articles upon which the tariff was not minutes. I move to amend his motion so as

The pending paragraph of the bill was as changed at all, neither enlarged nor reduced. to make the time thirty-one minutes. foliows :

They were put in merely as a make-weight, Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. I move to

That from and after the passage of this act, in lieu as I believe, put in merely to kill the bill, 10 amend the motion so as to close debate in two of the duties heretofore imposed by law on the arti- prevent its passage during that Congress. And hours.

cles hereinafter mentioned, there shall be levied, Mr. ELDRIDGE. As the gentleman from collected, and paid on the articles herein enumerated

it had that result most effectually. I have freand provided for, imported from foreign countries, quently told that gentleman that he had drugged Illinois is so liberal, I withdraw my amendment. the following specified duties and rates of duty, that that bill to death. The question was put on the amendment; is to say; on all copper imported in the form of ores,

There were hundreds, perhaps thousands of and there were-ayes 57, noes 46.

three cents on cach pound of fino copper contained

therein ; on all regulus of copper, and on all black or drugs named in that bill; and every drug was Mr. MOORHEAD demanded tellers.

coarse copper, four cents on each pound of line cop- named and carried out with its rate of duty, Tellers were ordered ; and Mr. MOORHEAD per contained therein; on all old copper, tit only for

either ad valorem or specific. The rates in and Mr. GOLLADAY were appointed.

remanufacture, tour cents per pound; on all copper

in plates, bars, ingots, pi-s, and in other forms not more than two thirds of the cases were not The House divided; and the tellers report. manufactured or herein enumerated, tive cents per changed, yet they were all inserted, and had to ed-ayes 60, noes 56. pound.

be gone over and considered. The result was So the amendment was agreed to.

Mr. MOORHEAD. Mr. Chairman, I am that so much time was occupied in the Senate The motion to close debate, as amended, not at all surprised at the vote that has just that, Congress meeting early in December, the was then agreed to.

been taken, nor will I be surprised at any || bill was not reported to the Senate until JanMr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois, moved to motions that may be made to delay action on uary, 11, 1867. It was then ordered to be reconsider the vote by which the motion was this bill. I congratulate the country and the || printed.' That bill afterward came to the agreed to; and also moved that the motion to House upon the fact that we have now reached House. reconsider be laid on the table.

this bill, and that the Representatives of the But before leaving this point, as my sensiThe latter motion was agreed to.

people will now have a chance to express their tive friend, the gentleman from lowa, [Mr. Mr. CULLOM. Is it in order to move to views upon this subject.

Allison,] seemed a little anxious about the postpone the bill until next session?

I do not intend to make a specch; I do not Special Commissioner of Internal Revenue, to The SPEAKER. It is.

want any speaking. It is now so late in the whom I unfortunately referred in this connecMr. CULLOM. Then I make that motion. session ihat the time for action has arrived ; 1 tion, I deem it proper to say to the House and

The SPEAKER. The motion to postpone and I want voting and not speaking. But i to the country that if it is necessary or importwill be reserved until the vote is taken on the deem it proper to spend a few minutes in call- ant that this Government should keep an ottimotion to suspend the rules to go into Com- || ing the attention of the House to the history cer in its service at a large salary for the por mittee of the Whole on the state of the Union, of the action of the Thirty-Ninth Congress pose of guarding the interests of the foreigr as that motion, if adopted, would suspend the upon the tariff question. These facts are manufacturer, the foreign importer, the foreigu rule allowing the motion to postpone to be somewhat important, and I invite the attention agent in New York, then the Secretary of the made.

of the House to them; and particularly I urge Treasury has been signally fortunate in the Mr. CULLOM. I demand the yeas and upon gentlemen here who are in favor of the selection he has made, and Mr. Wells is the nays on the motion to suspend the rules. tariff to examine those facts. During the

proper man for the place. I want to put that The yeas and nays were ordered.

Thirty-Ninth Congress, at every time and at on the record before leaving this point. The SPEAKER. The Chair will state that every step when we had action on this subject, Mr. ALLISON. Mr. Chairmanthe House or the Committee of the Whole on we had a large majority; just about as large a Mr. MOORHEAD. I cannot yield to the the state of the Union can take a recess at any majority as we have on the vote to.day. Time | gentleman. There are two hours allowed for time they please, but the House will meet at after time, again and again, the yeas and nays general debate, and he will bave a portion of half past seven o'clock this evening in Com- were called, and votes were had, and on each that time. mittee of the Whole (Mr. Cullou in the chair) | occasion we had a large majority. But by This bill came from the Senate to the House. for general debate exclusively;

superior financiering of some kind, we were We had to take it up-how? Not as in the The question was taken on Mr. Moorhead's || intercepted at every step, and finally failed to form of amendments to our bill. It was an motion; and it was decided in the affirmative- get a tariff bill passed into a law.

amendment, it is true; but it was a single yeas 81, nays 56, not voting 60; as follows: I will proceed very briefly to give the history amendment, because the Senate struck oui all YEAS--Messrs. Ames, Anderson, Archer, Arnell,

of the tariff bill of the last Congress, House bill after the enacting clause and inserted a nes Delos R. Ashley, James M. Ashley, Baldwin, Banks, No. 718. On the 25th of June, near the term- bill. I am not a parliamentarian nor a tacui. Benton, Blair, Boles, Boutwell, Boyden. Boyer, Buokland, Roderick R. Butler, Churchill, Covode, Dawes,

ination of the long session, the Committee of cian. I have been in this House a considerDixon, Dockery, Drigus, Eckley, Ela, Ferriss, Fields,

Ways and Means reported that billto the House. | able time; but I have not yet learned all tbt Gartieid, Getz, Griswold, Ilaight, Hamilton, Higby, It was passed through the House and sent to rules, and I do not expect that I ever shal: Hlinds, Chester D. Hubbard, Hulburd. Jenckes, Alexander II. Jones, Kelsey, Ketcham, Kitchen, Koontz,

the Senate. The Senate postponed the bill But under the ruling made by our very abs George V. Lawrence, Lynch, Mallory, Marvin, May

until the commencement of the next session, Speaker, (and I do not doubt its correotness,) nard, McCarthy, McClurg, McKee, Mercur, Miller, until the December following. And I believe when that bill came in here it required a twoMoore, Moorhead, Mullins, Myers, O'Neill, Per

they postponed it mainly at the suggestion of thirds vote to take it up. ham, Pile, Plants, Poland, Pomeroy, Randall, Rob

The bill had passed ertson,Sawyer, Schenck, Scotield, Selye, Smith, Spalu- the gentleman who occupies the position of this House and gone to the Senate. The Serie ing. Starkweather, Stokes, Taylor, Trowbridge, V Special Commissioner of Internal Revenue. ate had adopted the plan of Mr. Wells, making


an immense bill. They had passed upon every; ceeding vitality. To remedy our losses and build up hobby by moving to take the duty off tea and thing embraced in our bill and a thousand that prosperity we so much need, there is no other coffee. He will get up and appeal to you about things beside. Yet, although as to nearly all

instrumentality than the one now presented. It must
either be improved, and at once, or the losses must

the poor people who pay the duty on these the articles embraced in the original bill both continuo, and prosperity be remitted for another articles. You will find a great many other Houses agreed upon the same rates we were doubtful term. To prevent this, and to garner what

amendments of various sorts offered. But I is so essential for the country and for all its parts. not able to enact the bill into a law, because wo trust that Congress will not adjourn before the

ask my tariff friends to scrutinize these amendwe could not get the Senate amendments con- opportunity afforded by partisan zeal has been wisely ments, and when you find them coming from sidered here without a two-thirds vote. and effectually improved."

an enemy of the bill vote them down. This This is a fact in the history of this measure.

Mr. MOORHEAD. Mr. Chairman, the tacts bill is by no means perfect; it is far from what It is new, perhaps, to some gentlemen who set forth in the statistics just read by the Clerk

I would have had it. The sub-committee to were not here at that time. It is not new to

ought to be carefully examined and pondered which this subject was referred some months the old members; it is not new to you, Mr. upon; and they should satisfy any man, or any

ago when the tax bill was in the way, could Chairman ; it is not new to the Speaker of this

set of men, that unless we can stop this drain | not do anything about it until that was disHouse ; for we tried every method to get the

of gold to foreign countries we must go into | posed of. That is the only apology I can make bill up. Mr. Morrill, of Vermont, who was bankruptcy. I know of but one way 10 stop

for bringing this in so late. We reported to then chairman of the Committee of Ways and that, and that is through the tariff. I have

the Committee of Ways and Means a pretty Means, implored the House on different occa- been the advocate of a tariff for many years.

good bill, about the size of the one reported sions to take up the bill, and made various I have been denounced frequently for iny advo

by the entire committee last year. The commotions with that object. By reference to page 1658 of the Congressional Globe for the industries. Some of the free-trade papers have cacy of the principle of protection to our home

mittee postponed that bill till December next,

but from the pressing necessity for action upon second session of the Thirty-Ninth Congress it

gone so far as to say “MOORIIEAD has tariff on the subjects of copper, lumber, and some other will be found that on the 28th of February,

the brain.” Well, Mr. Chairman, I have, and | articles, the sub-committee were authorized to 1867, after the Committee of Ways and Means

I will continue to have it upon the brain until prepare a small bill which we have reported, had reported the bill back to the House, a I can induce the whole country to stand up in

and which is now before the Committee of the motion was made to suspend the rules, on favor of the development of our great national

Whole. It consists of only ten pages, and it which the yeas were 106, the nays 6t. We

resources, and until we lift the country out of can be passed in half an hour. I ask the could not obtain quite the necessary two thirds, the mire into which it has been thrown by free

friends of the tariff to stand by it, and vote and hence the bill could not be taken up. On trade doctrines.

down amendments unless they are recomthe same day we made another effort, and on

Now, sir, I want to read a little myself. I

mended by the committee. That is asking a a similar motion the yeas were 102, the nays 69; there being all the time, as will be seen,

will read a short paragraph which appeared in good deal, I know, but the bill which was post

a New York paper, for which I am indebted poned till December next I trust will be taken a large majority in favor of considering the to the able report of my colleague [Mr. MOR

up when all the various other subjects will be bill.

RELL) on the warehousing system ; and I should acted upon. But I will not spend any more I have thus referred to the history of this

like very much to have the House listen to it. time. I yield to my colleague on the commeasure for the sake or calling the attention I do not expect I can get the Honse to give

mittee (Mr. GriswOLD] for two minutes. of the taritf men here to the facts of the case. me its attention for any great length of time;

Mr. GRISWOLD. I did not wish the genI do not want them to allow themselves to be and therefore I shall be brief.

tleman to yield to me for the purpose of dishoodwinked in that way again. We have got Now listen to what this New York paper

cussing this bill, but merely to express for his this bill now in such a position that a majority says :

special benefit, as well as that of the House, can put it through, and I ask the tariff men of

One of the immediate effects of a high tariff is to

my regret that he should have felt called upon the House to put it through. I do not want to keep up the price of labor, which is more than four to invite attention to the fact that the Special make a speech; but I have here some statistics times as high in this country as it will average in Commissioner of Internal Revenue, Mr. Wells, which show the importance of passing this bill.

Europe. I am for unqualified free trade. I would
sell out the custom-houses, discharge the leeches

was, in his judgment, inimical to the tariff They exhibit the immense drain of gold which

that swarm around them, and allow people to sell question. I feel bound, for one, to raise a has been going on from this country, showing and buy products and goods wherever they found it demurrer to that interpretation of the acts and that something must be done to stop this drain

for their interest to do so. This will bring us to a
true and normal condition. I see clearly what the

sentiments of that gentleman. It is unlike my unless we wish to go into bankruptcy, and effect would be. Commercial disturbance would be colleague on the committee thus to characterdemonstrating that this bill is a step in the the natural result, for it would be a great and radical ize the motives and opinions of a man holdright direction. I ask the Clerk to read the change. We should be on an entirely new foundation. The first effect would be tostop manufacturing

ing such a position. I am bound to say, from statistics which I send to the desk.

here, and the country wowd be filled with foreign the intimate knowledge I have derived from The Clerk read as follows:

goods, many of which Europe would never see her association with the Commissioner, I feel The drain of gold and the tariff.—The published

money for. A commercial revulsion would follow,

laborers would be out of employment, and the price entirely certain that while we may differ with statements of our imports and exports for the eleven

of labor would come down, down, down, until it the gentleman from Pennsylvania, and upon months ending May 31, 1868, show of imports $233,241,4 17 against about two hundred and fifty-eight touched the European standard."

some points possibly with me, he is not opposed million for 1867, and about two hundred and eighty- Shall I read the last words? 6 And then to a tariff, but that on the other hand he is as three million for 1860. Our receipts of revenue on

success is secured.'' these imports are $102,503,519, against about one hun

Think of that, Mr. Chair

much in favor of a proper tariff as either the dred and twelve millions for the same period in 1867 man! After you bankrupt the country, get gentleman from Pennsylvania or myself. I and $133,000,000 in 1506. Of these imports, $73,000,000 labor down, down, down, until it touches the

have felt that I could not resist the sense of in gold values were dry goods. Our exports, exclusive of specie, for the same period were $163,219,520,

European standard, and then success is se- duty which inpelled me to express these senas against about one hundred and sixty-five million cured! Why, sir, it puts me in mind of a story

timents in regard to that gentleman. for the same period in 1846-67, and $205,000,000) in 1805- I heard when I was a boy: a simple-minded

Mr. MOORHEAD. In reply to my worthy 66. The balance of trade against us was paid for by an export of gold anaounting to $11,979,398, in the woman was raising a child of her own, avd and esteemed colleague, I must say that I feel eleven months ending with May, 1866; $:31,612,660 in some wag, not contemplating the result of his justified in what I have said about that gentlethe same period ending with May, 1867, and the enoradvice, asked her why she did not teach her

It is the result of long examination and mous sum of $61,156,358 for the like period ending with May, 1868, nearly twenty millions more than child to live without eating. She went to

investigation, and I am as perfectly satisfied our export of gold has ever reached before in the work to practice the advice. She kept her of what I say as ever I was of anything in the same period. Mr. J. Ross Browne, in his report of child withont eating on and off, trying to teach

world. I said it knowing what I was saying, our production of the precious metals, estimatelohr total annual product of both gold and silver at $75,

it to do entirely without eating for weeks, and and I am ready here and anywhere to take the 000,000. Taking into account the amount of specio at last the child died. The woman lamented responsibility of it. leaving directly for Europe from San Francisco it is evident we are draining every dollar of gold wo are

the death of the child, for, said she, “How sad Mr. CULLOM. I desire to ask the gentleproducing to pay for these imports.

it was I lost the child just as I had taught it man from Pennsylvania whether the majority * The balance of trade against this country has been to do without eating." (Laughter.]

of the Committee of Ways and Means author$723, 266,717 gold since 1861. To meet this we have

Now, here is the free trade doctrine, they | ized him to report this bill. exported $136,301,029 of Government bonds, and $286,965,09% of coin above our imports. From 1860 to

endeavor to teach us to do without a tariff, and Mr. MOORHEAD. If I should answer the 1861, both inclusivo, our importations were $476,928,- just as we get well enough learned, so that, ac- gentleman exactly as he deserved, I might say 616 in excess of our exports, and the excess of our cording to this writer, success is attained, we that his question was not a proper one.

But I coin export over import was $121,751.791, inaking a balance of trade amounting to $1,002,19.),331 against are literally dead to all prosperity.

have already stated that I was authorized by us for eighteen years, with a loss of coin amounting But I did not intend to say haif as much as the committee to report it, and so it appears to $711,517,667, or an amount equal to the whole gold

I have on this subject. I only wanted a few on the record, and no meinber of the committee and silver product of the country for that period. The consumption of foreign goods in 1866 was equal minutes to appeal to members of the House, will say I was not authorized to report it. to $12 22 per capita for a population of thirty-five and then let the discussion go on, hoping that Mr. CULLOM. The gentleman seems to millions, and all of our factories were stopping for a

when it is ended we shall get at a speedy vote. intimate that I put an impertinent question. lack of support. In 1867 this consuinption ainounted to $11 15 per capita, whereas it was only $11 81 per

I have shown members of the House that dur- I do not see it in that light. It seems to me capitu in the crash of 1857, and averaged but $5 41 ing the last Congress when we had a majority this House has a right to know whether the under the tariff of 1812,

we did not succeed in getting a tariff bill till that is now before the committee was the "There is no other country on the face of the earth, not even excepting opulent Great Britain, that could through. Now, I appeal to members not to result of the action of the majority of the Coin. lave endured such a drain on its gold and such a tax succumb to that same kind of influence that mittee of Ways and Means. on its industry as is shown by the above figures to have defeated us before. I expect there will be all

Mr. MAYNARD. If the gentleman will been sustained through a term of years by this. Tho fact that we have sustaiued it and live only proves

sorts of amendments offered. You will find allow me, I suppose he means to inquire thie extent and variety of our resources and our ex- one gentleman who thinks he will strike a whether this bill was reported by a majority of


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