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gold under existing laws, and selling the ex- repeat no harm can come. If there is an over- harm ; and if, beyond the surplus for what it cess, $10,000,000 at a time, in the market plus, has anybody of late made an argument provides, there is a quantity of gold in the seems to me to be very vicious. On the other and satisfied the people of this country, or the Treasury, that gold should not be there, but hand, it is an evil and a burden to commerce two Houses of Congress, that beyond this large || should be sold to extinguish the most expensthat $100,000,000 should be kept idle in the working residuum, working balance or deposit, ive interest-bearing obligations which go to Treasury; and I am very much embarrassed in whatever you please to call it, of $40,000,000, enhance the burden of taxation under which knowing how to vote. Perhaps to the extent it is worth while to hoard gold in the Treasury the people of this country are compelled to that accumulations have already taken place, | for some unexplained reason? I know that groan. it will be safe to vote for the proposition, hoping heretofore arguments have been made on this Mr. SHERMAN. If this amendment is to that the proposition which ought to be adopted subject, and I think I may say truly that those pass I call the attention of the Senator from will be provided for before long.

arguments have expired by their own terms. Illinois to an amendment that must be made, Mr. CONKLING. It seems to me that the Those arguments bave exhausted themselves | unless he wishes entirely to stop the payment amendment as now modified by the mover in the actual experience of the occasion. No- of interest upon the public debt in coin. The obviates both the objections which we heard body is inore competent than the honorable | amendment as it now stands provides that from the honorable Senator from New Jersey, Senator who sits on my right, (Mr. CATTELL,] || when the amount of gold shall be reduced to [Mr. Cartell.] I was impressed with his to enlighten us on that subject, and he has | $40,000,000, exclusive of the gold certificates, statement that the proposition at first was one stated, I have no doubt, with candor, exhaust- then the excess shall be sold. I submit to him to employ coin to extinguish the least costly ively, all that can be said in favor of this prop. || this consideration : that the amount of payments obligation of the Government, and I should | osition; and I think he will agree with me maturing at a single time are from thirty to have been embarrassed in voting for the propo- when I say, that giving the utmost force to all thirty-six million dollars. On the 1st of July sition had it stood as a substitute for the whole his suggestions, it leaves him and leaves me at and on the 1st of January interest matures, bill. Now, the two propositions taken to- liberty to conclude that, beyond $40,000,000, and is payable on each of those days to gether provide for the issue of three per cents. or some such sum conceded to be sufficient as the amount of between thirty and thirty-six to be held as a reserve; and to that I am unable the residuum remaining on hand, the surplus millions, and that amount is increasing daily to appreciate the objections assigned by the gold in the Treasury ought to be disposed of. as the seven-thirties are being converted into honorable Senator from Wisconsin.

But, Mr. President, I have heard the sug: the gold notes. The result is that on the Ist I understand in a word the history of that gestion made since this debate has proceeded of December, for instance, if the balance in matter to be this: originally a reserve was to that we are withdrawing from the Secretary a the Treasury was $45,000,000, the Secretary be held by the banks of lawful money, thereby discretion on this subject and assuming it our- would be bound to sell all above $40,000,000, meaning legal-tender notes, the promises to selves. Yes, sir, we are; and in that respect and then on the 1st of January he would be pay on demand of the United States. Under | I submit this proposition stands in marked | unable without exhausting the entire surplus, that authority the banks assumed to hold com- advantage and has marked recommendations to meet the interest of the public debt. pound-interest notes, notes bearing interest at when compared with another proposition for I know that there is a strong feeling against the rate of six per cent., payable semi-annu- which this will presently be put aside. Here | the hoarding of this gold, and at one time I ally, the accruing interest itself bearing inter- || is one single point of administration, a simple introduced à proposition bere limiting the

Whether that was within or without the proposition which has been viewed round and amount to $50,000,000. I did not press it, permission of the law was questionable; but round by the business community of the coun- because the argument was urged with a great that question has been condoned, and the try and by Congress. As far as its isolation, | deal of force that the very presence of this gold banks were permitted thus to hold, and they its simplicity, and our long experience with it in the Treasury, although it was a loss of interstill hold, a large sum of compound-interest | go to enable any person, Secretary of the Treas- est to the Government, operated as a great notes. Upon and for these notes the United ury or others, to determine what is right, we safety-valve to prevent speculations in gold and States is liable. They are matured and there ourselves are enabled to form an opinion; and to prevent the rise and fall of gold. However, fore the liability is immediate, as much so as therefore, when we legislate with regard to it, do not wish to discuss it. it can be upon these call three per cent. cer- it seems to me that we do not invade that If the Senate choose to add this as an additificates. It seems to me that that answers in wholesome discretion which ought to be left tional section to this bill the amendmerft ought large part the argument of the honorable Sen- to the Secretary of the Treasury.

to be made that I now suggest: to insert in line átor from Wisconsin.

But, Mr. President, if we do invade that dis- eleven, after the word "given," the words But he said further, that we became at once cretion, if we arrogate to ourselves what ought "and exclusive of interest accruing within responsible to this amount for the circulation to be left to administrative action, what shall sixty days thereafter;" so that it will read: of these banks. Why, sir, the Government be said of the funding bill, as it is called, Till the amount of coin in the Treasury, exclusive is responsible now for every shilling of national | which waits upon this ineasure? There is a of that for which gold certificates of deposit sball bank circulation. We hold bonds to indem | subject into which various and complex con

have been given, and exclusive of interest accruing

within sixty days thereafter, shall be redaced to the nify the Government against that responsi- siderations and elements enter. There is a sum of $40,000,000. bility ; but failing those bonds or not, still the question which if in private business it were For instance, suppose this bill had been in Government stands as the guarantor of every to be determined by an individual, a firm, or force on the 1st day of July last. There are farthing of national bank circulation. There- a corporation, it might well be said that we

$99,914,000 in the Treasury in coin. Taking fore I do not see that we increase our liabiliiy should cut according to the cloth; that our out the certificates leaves about eighty-two milat all by the issuance of these certificates. It way should be felt; that that mode of dispos- lion dollars. The amount maturing on the 1st so happens, however, that the peculiar func- ing of it should be resorted to which belongs || of July is $31,000,000. Alaska will consome tion, the characteristic quality of these certfi- peculiarly and alone to administration, to ex. $7,000,000 more, and the expenses of our for cates is such that they have an extrinsic value ; || periment, and to discretion; and yet the Sen. eign intercourse and the expenses of our Nary and therefore the banks, perforce, if you please, ate is not stopping as to that.

abroad, all of which are paid in gold, might

sweep every dollar of gold in the Treasury, a not; so that I can see and appreciate the truth that if this proposition of the Senator from contingency that I think the Senator onght to and the force of the suggestion made by the Illinois be obnoxious to the criticism that it is

provide against. I think the amount of the honorable Senator from New Jersey that here taking hold of a discretion which ought to be limit he has put, $40,000,000, is entirely too is an exceptional instance in which, for pecu- lodged with the Secretary of the Treasury, the low. Then, any sudden fluctuation or falling liar reasons, we are able to extend a certain other measure which we are considering is so off of customs might leave us without money portion of the debt at an interest so cheap as obviously and so hopelessly obnoxious that we to pay the interest of the public debt. three per cent. Very well, sir ; that is an can hardly expect properly to deal with the With this statement I am perfectly willing argument upon which I am willing to vote for || subjects which it embraces. I think this dis- to leave the question. I do not think this sec that portion of the bill.

cretion has been left long enough with the tion ought to be added to a small bill providNow, the Senator from Illinois proposes, Secretary, and I think the people of this coun- ing for $25,000,000 of three per cent. certifithis matter being disposed, that gold accumu- try, and not only the people, but tbe experts cates-a mere temporary measure-nor do I lated in the Treasury shall be sold at monthly in finance, bankers, business men, and politi- think the Senate ought to adopt it without full periods, down to $10,000,000. What is the cal economists who have written about it, have consideration. answer to that? It is, first, speaking of the | been left long enough to grope in the dark for Mr. MORTON. I simply wish to say that present, that the current payments of the Treas. a reason, as the Senator from Indiana said, the adoption of this amendment now will have ury will themselves reduce to $40,000,000 the for, in the first place, raising a large surplus the effect to provide that the surplus gold in accumulated gold. Very well; then this is a gold revenue, and then, beyond the working the Treasury shall at no time hereafter exceed harmless provision, and it will have nothing to capital or balance in favor of which an argu- $40,000,000, and is equivalent to the declaraact upon. To be sure, we shall take nothing ment can be made, holding it for some unre- tion on the part of the Government that the in the present by our motion, but no detriment vealed purpose and in deference to some argu- legal-tender notes never will be redeemed. That, I think, is enough to answer ment which, I repeat, has not yet been made,


That is simply what it amounts to. We proit, because the argument of the Senator from and in circumstances which are wholly unsat- vide that the gold shall never accumulate to New Jersey presupposes that there is no dan. isfactory to the people of the country by whom exceed $40,000,000, and we are saying to the ger and no harm in exhausting gold down to this amount is raised and for whose interest it nation that the legal-tender notes which we $40,000,000 or thereabouts. That, he says, is onght to be used.

have promised to pay in gold never will be the operation of the present administration of Therefore, I shall vote for this amendment, | paid, because we have determined that we will the Government. If, then, there is no overplus | relying upou the fact that if there is no surplus || not accumulate the gold with which we can doit. upon which this provision is to take hold, I ll upon which it can take hold, it will do no Mr. TRUMBULL. I do not think it is sas.

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ing any such thing, as the Senator from Indi- have the means coming in to meet every obli

Mr. STEWART. I do not think anybody ana supposes, to the people; and I do not gation. It is only for that particular purpose will want to discuss it. If they do I will withsuppose that the credit this

you propose a surplus.

draw it. I only ask for five minutes.

Mr. SHERMAN I insist upon the regular Treasury. Does the Senator from Indiana, or gations ?

order of business. the Senator from Oregon, who urged this sug. Mr. TRUMBULL. They are, in one sense,

The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The regugestion, suppose that the credit of this Govern- | obligations.

lar order is before the Senate. ment, which owes to-day $2,500,000,000, de. Mr. EDMUNDS. In what sense ?

Mr. FRELINGHUYSEN. Believing that pends upon the amount of gold it hoards up in Mr. TRUMBULL. They are such a kind of a yote can be taken very soon, and that much its Treasury rather than upon the wealth of the obligation on the part of the Government that of the time which has been expended this nation, the production of the nation, and the I suppose they ought to be redeemed at some morning will be wasted unless we do get a enterprise of its people? It is the wealth of time or other.

vote, I was going to move that that be postthe country, the enterprising population we Mr. EDMUNDS. What in?

poned until the bill introduced by my colleague have, the vast productions and resources of the Mr. TRUMBULL. We ought to redeem

is voted upon. country that give the nation credit. It does them in coin, unquestionably. As to these Mr. SHERMAN. I think when the bill is not depend upon $40,000,000 or $80,000,000 other obligations I am not disposed to say how taken up the next time the Senate will be in a that is hoarded up in the T'reasury. The Sen- we ought to redeem them. That question is better temper for voting. I do not believe a ator from Indiana is not more in favor of specie not necessarily involved in the present discus. || vote can be had to-day upon it. That is my payments than I am. I am in favor of return- sion. The suggestions I was giving were in | opinion. I hope we shall proceed with the ing to specie payments, and I wish some reply to those thrown out by the Senator from funding bill. measure could be adopted to day looking to an Ohio; and, according to his own statement, early resumption of specie payments.

these $40,000,000 would be ample to meet any There is great force in what the other Sen- call that might come upon the Treasury at any

A message from the House of Representaator from Indiana (Mr. HENDRICKS) said, that time.

tives, by Mr. McPherson, its Clerk, announced we ought not to collect more gold than we Mr. CATTELL. I beg the Senate to como

that the House had passed the following bills need. I do not believe in burdening the peo- to a vote on this question. The Senator from

of the Senate : ple with taxation and collecting money for Ohio, the chairman of the Committee on

A bill (S. No. 454) for the relief of Samuel the purpose of selling it. I agree with him Finance, has very kindly allowed the funding

N. Miller; and that our tariff ought to be so adjusted as not || bill to run along now for more than an hour.

A bill (S. No. 486) to facilitate the settleto collect more gold than the necessities of the || I only wish to say, in regard to the amendment

ment of certain prize cases in the southern country require. But no proposition is sug. of the Senator from Illinois, that it is a very

district of Florida. gested in regard to the tariff. This surplus | big question, and opens a wide field for discus.

The message also announced that the House has been coming into your Treasury; it has sion, and it ought not to be attached to a bill | had passed the following bills and joint resobeen lying there for years; and shall we keep to which it has no positive relation, at any rate | lutions, in which it requested the concurrence it there? This measure will not prevent in its present shape. It is a question, as has of the Senate: reduction of the tariff. I shall be ready to been seen already, on which there is a wide

A bill (H. R. No. 387) to fix the compenunite with the Senator from Indiana whenever diversity of opinion on this floor, and there | sation of the United States depositary at a fitting occasion offers to reduce the tariff, so will be a wide diversity of opinion in the Chicago; as not to allow more gold than we need to be other House. I think the bill which I have

A bill (H. R. No. 1096) making an approcollected. That is no reason, however, for had the honor of advocating here is so plain priation of money to carry into effect the treaty keeping gold in the Treasury. I hope that the and so simple that it will pass this Chamber, with Russia, of March 30, 1867 ; amendment I have suggested will be adopted. freed from this amendment, and pass the other

A bill (H. R. No. 761) to construct a wagonOne word, however, in reply to the Senator | House without difficulty. I shall be very glad | road from West Point to Cornwall Landing, from Ohio, who says that $40,000,000 is not a to listen to the Senator from Illinois on this all in the county of Orange, State of New sufficient surplus, and then he illustrates by question when it comes up in a distinct form, || York; what would have been the condition of the not trammeling a little bill of this kind at the A bill (H. R. 1427) to establish certain Treasury on the 1st day of July last if this close of the session with so big a measure, one post roads; and proposition had been in operation. Why, sir, on which so wide differences of opinion are A joint resolution (H. R. No. 340) for the the $40,000,000 would have met every obliga- held. Therefore I rose now, without entering relief of Peter M. Carmichael, surveyor of the tion, and more, too, and we are constantly in | into the discussion of that question on its | port of Albany. the receipt of gold. presume the receipts | merits, to say that I hope for that reason the

ENROLLED BILLS SIGNED. of gold during the month of July will amount amendment of the Senator from Illinois will to fifteen or twenty millions; I do not know the || not prevail.

The message also announced that the Speaker precise sum.

Mr. TRUMBULL. I am not disposed to

of the House had signed the following enrolled Mr. SHERMAN. They amount to about take up time about it.

bill; and they were thereupon signed by the ten million dollars a month now.

Mr. SHERMAN. I call for the funding bill.

President pro tempore of the Senate : Mr. TRUMBULL. The receipts for the || I think that this bill is going to lead to a long

A bill (S. No. 454) for the relief of Samuel first quarter of last year, as I have already discussion, and therefore I insist upon the reg

N. Miller; and shown, were more than $48,000,000-more ular order.

A bill (S. No. 486) to facilitate the settlethan $16,000,000 a month.

Mr. CATTELL. I think we can get a vote

ment of certain prize cases in the southern Mr. SHERMAN. The actual receipts are

district of Florida. about one hundred and forty-five million dol. Mr. SHERMAN. I am perfectly willing to

HOUSE BILLS REFERRED. lars a year now.

yield, if we can get a vote; but I am satisfied Mr. TRUMBULL. Have the receipts for || that we cannot. I know other Senators want

The following bills received from the House any year within the last three years been as low to discuss it. I call for the special order.

of Representatives were severally read twice as $ 145,000,000 ? The receipts were $156,- Mr. CORBETT. Mr. President

by their titles, and referred as indicated below: 000.000 in 1866–67, and for the first quarter of Mr. CATTELL. May I make an appeal to

A bill (H. R. No. 387) to fix the compensa

tion of the United States depositary at Chicago 1867-68 $48,000,000. I should be glad to my friend from Oregon to allow a vote to be

--to the Committee on Finance. know if the Senator can inform me what the taken, unless he feels compelled to say someactual receipts were for the fiscal year ending thing upon it?

A bill (H. R. No. 701) to construct a wagon the 30th of June last?

Mr. CORBETT. I have been trying to ob

road from West Point to Cornwall Landing, Mr. SHERMAN. The accounts have not tain the floor for an hour to make some remarks

all in the county of Orange, State of New been made up yet. on this bill. I think it is a very important bill,

York-to the Committee on Military Affairs Mr. TRUMBULL. I suppose not; but we

and the Militia. one that should not be considered in haste, and

A bill (H. R. No. 1096) making an approhave two quarters I think ; certainly we have on which all the Senators should be heard who the first quarter. desire to speak upon it.

priation of money to carry into effect the treaty Mr. SHERMAN. I think it will be about Mr. SHÈRMAN. Then I call for the reg.

with Russia, of March 30, 1867—to the Comone hundred and sixty million dollars for the ular order.

mittee on Foreign Relations. whole of last year.

The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The reg.

A bill (H. R. No. 1427) to establish certain Mr. TRUMBULL. That is $40,000,000 | ular order is before the Senate, it having been

post roads-to the Committee on Post Offices

and Post Roads. more than the interest upon our entire debt passed over by common consent. that is payable in gold ; so that we are receive Mr. STEWART. I wish the chairman of

A joint resolution (H. R. No. 340) for the ing all the time more than we have to pay out. the Committee on Finance would let me pass a

relief of Peter M. Carmichael, surveyor of the There can be no danger in reducing the sur. | bill, that will take but a minute or two, remov

port of Albany-to the Committee on Com. plus down to $10,000,000. Suppose it does | ing political disabilities from certain persons. take nearly all of it; so much the better. We It is very important that it should go through do not want a dollar of surplus in the Treasury in order to remove the disabilities from a large The Senate, as in Committee of the Whole, for any other purpose than to meet the calls | number of persons, who are necessary to the resumed the consideration of the bill (S. No. upon it. Certainly the Senator from Ohio organization of the southern Legislatures. 207) for funding the national debt, and for the would not be in favor of keeping a single dol- Mr. SHERMAN. That would lead to de- || conversion of the notes of the United States, lar in the Treasury if he knew he would always ll bate.

the pending question being on the amendment




offered by Mr. Wilson to the amendment of ance of power beyond this period of eight years, ing to everything demanded by the North, the Committee on Finance.

to answer why it is that so much money is acquiescing in the results of the war in every Mr. HENDRICKS. Mr. President, it was drawn from them by the extraordinary power respect whatever, Congress came in and, ex my desire at this time to submit some rather of taxation, that it may thus go to support the citing a strife with the Executive, stopped, extended remarks to the Senate upon the most expensive military system that has ever and to some extent defeated, that restoration political questions now occupying public atten. been known in the world.

policy which was bringing again permanent tion; but the condition of my health to day I might speak of some of these expendi- union and permanent prosperity. That ques. will only allow a brief reference to them, tures. I might speak of that favoritism in a tion will be asked by a sensible, thinking peo.

I have observed for some days past a pur- small way which has shown itself in the pub- ple, and it is for the majority in Congress, and pose on the part of Senators who represent the lication in the newspapers that are favored by for their partisans over the country, to give a majority to avoid the position of the defensive, special legislation in the District of Columbia direct, plain, and unequivocal answer. and to assume, if possible, that of the offensive of notices for inconsiderable Army supplies The people will want to know in this connecin this political contest. In my judgment, that upon the Rio Grande, and at the distant forts, tion why it is that by this political controversy is neither practicable nor possible on their when it was impossible from the date of the that Congress has gotten up with the Execu. part; it is not in the nature of the case. For publication that any man could receive inform- tive, striking down the policy that was then eight years the Federal Government and most ation by such publication which would enable almost a success, the return of trade, produce of the State governments of the North bave him to compete in the bidding. I might speak tion, and of prosperity have been indefinitely been controlled by the party now in the ma- of other expenditures of like sort, indicating delayed. They know, as Senators know, that jority in Congress, and it is not possible that a favoritism not wor:hy of any political party

from the time when this controversy was got. that party can avoid a response to the people that claims the confidence of the country, but ten up by Congress to break down the policy upon the questions that attract public attention. I will not occupy so much of the time of the of restoration, then almost completed, the proWaiving an inquiry into the conduct of that Senate.

ductions of a large portion of the country have party during the war, which they claim it is The people will wish to know during this from year to year fallen off, and that the exports not just to make, and confining the inquiry to contest why it is that the Supreme Court has which those productions furnished, enabling is the three years since the close of the war and been denied the right to inquire into the con- to keep up the balance of trade somewhat in our the return of peace, there are certain import | stitutionality of the legislation of this Congress. favor, have fallen off so much that in a large ant questions that must be answered. And, The people know that the Supreme Court was degree that balance has been made up in gold first, the people will desire to know very dis- established as one of the securities to their and in the Government securities. The people tinctly and emphatically what has been done | liberty, as one of the props and pillars under- want to know why it is that trade cannot be with the $1,200,000,000 that have been col. neath their institutions. They want to know allowed to return to its ancient channels; that lected from them under the internal revenue why this prop and pillar has been stricken the industries of the country are not encour. law and the tariff system since the 1st day of down, and for what political and party pur

aged, but that, on the contrary, they are kept July, 1865. I know that $100,000,000 may be pose it bas been done.

If your legislation be in that disturbed condition that investments accounted for at least in part in the payment constitutional, valid, and right, then the people dare not be made by capital, and that labor is of interest upon the public debt. Then the will wish to know why Congress should shield afraid to make an effort even if capital should people will want to know how it is, independ- || itself in its enactments from that inquiry that be invested. ently of the interest upon the public debt, that the Constitution intended should be had in The people will ask one further question, it has taken $800,000,000 to carry this Gov. regard to all legislation.

what has been gained by this controversy, like ernment through a period of three years, when The people during this contest will wish to the question that in former times was asked in a time of peace it used to require but from know why it is that the executive department by the grandchild of the grandfather in relasixty to seventy or eighty million dollars annu- has been stripped of that power which has been tion to the great battle, What has all this ally. The people will wish to know during this conferred upon it by the Constitution; why it been about?” Senators know very well that contest whether this enormous sum of money, is that Congress has assumed to itselt' all those when the Thirty-Ninth Congress met the work which has put the citizen everywhere over the powers which, for nearly eighty years, were of restoration, according to the policy vi r. land upon the observance of the strictest exercised under the Constitution by the exec- Johnson, was almost completed. Constitutions economy to respond to the demands of the utive department; and for what purpose of had been adopted in the southern States abol. Government, has been expended in the pro- | good to the people this was intended. Why is ishing slavery, or declaring it abolished formotion of the public welfare, or whether it it that from the Executive has been taken the ever, repudiating the southern debt, and make has been expended in the promotion of the responsibility for the execution of the laws? ing every pledge to the Federal Union which interests of a party; whether it has been ex- Why is it that to the Senate has been assumed northern sentiment demanded; but Congress pended to extend the enterprises of tire coun- that responsibility? Why is it that Congress intervened against that policy and interposed try, or to maintain in the southern States that has said that the power to remove from office | its own, and now the people, after two or three system of government which has gradually shall be taken from the Executive, when that years of delay, of distraction, of the disturb. proceeded from step to step in arraying one power has been exercised, and as I believe ance of trade and commerce, want to know race against another; whether it has been according to the spirit of the Constitution, and what has been gained by it. When you come expended in genuine acts of benevolence and as I know, according to the construction of the to answer that question to the people you can. kindness, or in maintaining a political system | fathers, by the Executive all the time; and that not show them a single southern constitution by which the colored people have been organ- in the Senate, a many-headed body, where wbich any republican mind can say is a better ized throughout the South into a political responsibility is divided so that it lights upon constitution than had been adopted under the party; in other words, whether this enormous no particular individual, a responsibility should Johnson policy, unless you say it is a better sum that has been wrung from the people has be assumed which is worth nothing to the peo: constitution because the negroes are enfran. been expended for their benefit, for the pro- | ple and guaranties nothing to the fidelity and chised and a part of the whites disfranchised, motion of their interests and for their good, or security of the public service.

and the power in a great section of the coun: for other purposes; and no arts of the orator The people will want to know why for three try taken from the white men and given to the or ingenuity of the sophist can avoid an answer years a party with a majority of two thirds in

colored men. to that grave, direct, and important inquiry. Congress have not restored the southern States The people will want to know why it is that

Why is it, sir, that in a time of profound to their practical relations to the Federal Goy. after the close of the war, after there was no peace it has cost $100,000,000 a year to sup- ernment; why it is that such a period has longer a rebel soldier with a gun in his hand, port an Army of fifty-six thousand? The people | elapsed and no genuine, peaceful, and per- after the Sonth had amended its constitutions especially will want an answer to that ques. manent results have been attained? They and changed its laws according to the demands tion when you propose to elect t the Presi. know what is the condition of affairs. They of the North in every particular, after they dency the head of that Army, who ror a portion know what temporary enterprises have been had declared slavery abolished, secession a of that period was not only the General of the set on foot in the southern States. They under: fallacy, and the rebel debt not to be collected, Army, but the Secretary of War. They want stand all that quite well; but they want to why, then, in one third of this country did the to know how it was that during the adminis- know, and they demand to know, in my judg. party in power break down State governments tration of the Department by him it cost at the ment, with a very earnest demand, why it is and establish in their stead military governrate of $120,000,000 to support the War De- that these States have not been restored in the ments; why was it in that work you made the partment and Army, when it used to cost but spirit of the Constitution and with that bar- civil law subordinate to the military law; the $1,000,000 to the regiment. The people will mony which will promote the permanency of judge upon the bench subordinate to the comwant to know why it is that in a time of pro- the Union, the stability of our institutions, and manding officer; and gave to a military officer found

peace, when we have no war, except the prosperity of every section of the country. the power to drive the legislators from the inconsiderable strifes on our borders with the The people will want to know in this contest halls of legislation, and to substitute nen of Indians, $95,000,000 were expended, in the why it is that Congress stepped in between the bis own selection in their place, and subverted fiscal year before the last, to maintain the Army, Executive and an immediate, peaceful, prac- all the principles of free government, recog. independent of bounties, and that for the quar: tical, and permanent restoration of the States nized, honored, and revered in this country, ter when the candidate for the Presidency was to their practical relations to the Federal Gov- and established in their stead a system of gor. the Secretary of War, it cost about thirty mil- ernment; why it was that when we were so far ernment that finds no parallel in any of the lion dollars, or at the rate of $120,000,000 per advanced in that work under the policy inau- | countries of the world since the days of the annum; $2,000,000 to the regiment; $2,000 gurated by the Executive, when States were proconsuls. To that question, it seems to me, to the man. The people will want the majority | accepting the propositions, adopting constitu- it will be difficult to find a suitable answer. It in Congress, when they demand the continu- tions that were acceptable everywhere, agree. is not enough to say that in neighborhoods


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there were broils and murders. Why, sir, its views in a platform which in no section can publicly and privately, that policy which would some time ago I read to the Senate, from one be misunderstood. The man that runs may encourage the producers of the great Northof the papers published in this city, a telegram read and understand. The plainest as well as

He favored on the part of the State coming from the central portion of Alabama the most learned will interpret it alike. It of New York the adoption of a policy that that the fifth white man had been murdered in declares our views and our purposes so dis- would allow our heavy freight to pass over the the same neighborhood, and no notice what- tinctly and emphatically that the people are State canal alınost without charge; and if his ever had been taken of it ; and that, too, not and cannot be misled.

policy had been carried out to the extent that under the government, military, powerful, and The contrast between the two platforms || he desired the Northwest would have been despotic, which you had established there. struck me with great force as I listened to the benefited to the extent of millions of dollars.

Mr. President, when the people of the coun- Senator from New Jersey [Mr. FRELINGHUY- A national man, fair to all sections, le may try demand to know of their legislators why SEN) some minutes since, as he read one of the well receive the support not only of his own civil law is subordinated to military law, why sections of the Chicago platform declaring that but of that section from which I come; and I the judge upon the bench is stripped of his the public debt must be paid in accordance believe that he will receive a support, whether robes of office, and in his stead there is sub- with the letter and the spirit of the law. What sufficient to control the votes in the South or stituted a military commander to decide upon does that mean? My colleague would say, I not I will not say, but a cordial support in that the rights of the people; when they demand have no doubt, that it means one thing, and section of the Union. Whether he can obtain to know why in secret commission and military the Senator from New Jersey would claim the electoral votes in the southern States will court the citizen is tried for a criminal offense, that it means another, a very different thing. || depend, in my judgment, upon the question or touching a civil right, why these things are Many Senators claim that the spirit of the law whether the military are kept organized in done in this country in a time of profound is that the bonds shall all be paid in gold; those States, and the Freedman's Bureau, peace, some grave and weighty answer must while other Senators, eminent and clear-headed, with its party inachinery, to control the elecbe given them.

say that it means they shall be paid in green- tions. They will want to know why it is that you backs, if Congress chooses so to pay them.

Of General Blair, the candidate for the Vice pretend for the time to repudiate on the part The resolution of the Democratic conven. Presidency, I need say but little to the Senate. of Congress the right to establish negro suf- tion is as follows:

He was at one time a member of the other frage in the northern States and yet establish “Payment of the public debt of the United States branch of Congress, and recognized by all as it in the southern States; why it is that you as rapidly as practicable; all moneys drawn from

possessing high attainments and abilities. rally upon a platform attempting to avoid the

the people by taxation, except so much as is requi-
site for the necessities of the Government, economi-

Talented, generous, and brave, he will receive responsibility of this issue at home, and yet cally administered, being honestly applied to such an enthusiastic support. Connected with the would seek to establish such a system of suf- payment; and where the obligations of the Govern

Army, and participating in some of its grand frage in ten of the States of the South ; and

ment do not expressly state upon their face, or the
law under which they were issued does not provide

movements that have made its heroes immor-
what answer will you give? Do you tell the that they shall be paid in coin, they ought in right, tal, his name and fame will be cherished and
people of the North that they are not inter- and in justice, be paid in the lawful money of the
United States."

guarded by his late associates in arms. The ested in the question of suffrage in the south

criticisms, sharp and ingenious, that have ern States? You cannot make that answer, The resolution declares that, unless the obli

been made upon the views which he may have for this fall it may occur that the negro votes gation issued by the Government, or the law

expressed upon the condition and rights of of the South will decide the presidential elecauthorizing its issue, expressly provides that

the people of the subjugated States will not tion. It may occur that a majority of the elect- it is to be paid in gold it may be paid in law. be heeded by the people when they reflect that oral votes in the North will be overcome by

you have shut the door of the Supreme Court the negro votes of the South. It may not so The law authorizing the issue of the five- against all inquiry in regard to the legislation occur; but yet if it does occur, and if the col. twenties provided for a lawful money, and which he has denounced. You have declared ored people of the southern States, holding the declares Treasury notes, with the legal-tender that your legislation shall not undergo that balance of political power in this country, shall clause, to be lawful money; and neither the review and examination which the Constitution decide who is to be the President and the Vice | law nor the obligation provides that these bonds itself contemplated. You have declared that President of the United States, is not that shall be paid in gold.

the judiciary shall not decide whether your acts coming home, as a practical and direct ques. Governor Seymour stands upon this plat- | of reconstruction are constitutional and valid. tion, to every northern man; his vote being form, and I claim that the platform explains | You have therefore left it to the executive overcome by the vote of the colored man of itself, and standing upon the platform his to decide for itself. the South, and that, too, by an act of Con- position is not and cannot be misunderstood. Mr. President, I believe that the highest gress ? So that the people of the North will I had thought of reading one or two other of interests of this country demand the election want to understand how it is that you pretend the resolutions adopted at New York, in con- of this ticket, and that it will be elected, and not to force upon them negro suffrage at home, trast with the resolutions adopted at Chicago, that the country will again be restored to perand yet establish it in ten of the States of the to show that at New York positions were manent peace--peace that rests not upon subSouth.

assumed plainly, distinctly, directly, so that I jection to despotic power, but upon the restored The people will want to know why, in a time the people could not be misled by anything that supremacy of the Constitution and the rightful of peace, the rights of the citizen have been was there said. But, sir, as it would likely | authority of all the departments of the Govtrampled under foot, and the ancient writs of | take more time than I am able to occupy this ernment, and to a prosperity as enduring as the law which protect and secure them in their morning, I will not go further in that direction. property and in their personal liberty have With a platform explicit and direct upon all Mr. STEWART obtained the floor. been abrogated; why it is that instead of the the great questions that now attract public Mr. MORRILL, of Maine. If the Senator courts of law where inen are heard face to face, attention, it only remains to inquire who are will yield the floor I desire to make a report the witnesses called face to face, the jury from the men that stand upon it. I need not, in

from the committee of conference on the misthe neighborhood hearing all the evidence, addressing either the Senate or the conntry, cellaneous appropriation bill. deciding the case, why that mode of trial in occupy much time in speaking of Governor

Mr. STEWART. Very well. court has been abolished, and in its stead has | Seymour. He has been long known to the been established the military court, where there country as one of the first of her statesmen. are none of the guards and securities for jus- A ripe scholar and profound thinker, in times Mr. MORRILL, of Maine, submitted tho tice that a thousand years of experience have and in positions of great difficulty he has done | following report : shown to be essential? the State much service. He has filled posi

The committee of conference on the disagrooing Mr. President, the two parties into which tions the highest in this country except that to votes of the two Houses on the amendments to the the people of tbis country are now divided | which he has been nominated, and to which, in

bill (H. R. No.818) making appropriations for sunbave declared their platforms of principles;

dry civil expenses of the Government for the year my judgment, he will be elected. A states

ending June 30, 1869, and for other purposes, having they have put their tickets in nomination; and man cool in thought and efficient in action he met, after full and free conference have agreed to it is for the people now to decide which set of will command the confidence of the country.

recommend, and do recommend, to their respectivo principles they will adopt, and which set of I know tbat criticisms have been made upon

Houses, as follows:

That the Senate recede from their annendments candidates they will elect. Upon this subject his conduct during the war. I am glad that it numbered 121, 18, 21, 32, 34, and 57. I have but very few remarks to submit. requires but a sentence to answer all criticisms.

That the House of Representatives recode from In my opposition to the ticket that was nom- So efficient was he as the Executive of the great

their disagreement to the amendments of the Senato

numbered 2. 6, 8, 9, 20, 26, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 48, 56, 58, inated at Chicago I never expect to place it | State of New York, in the raising of troops, 59, 60, and 61, and agree to the same. upon personal grounds. I recognize the gen- and especially in the aid he gave to the Gov.

That the House recede from their disagreement to tleman at the head of that ticket as an emi- ernment about the time of the battle of Get

the first amendment of the Senate, and agree to the

same with amendments, as follows: strike out of nent military man, and his associate as a dis- tysburg, that Mr. Lincoln returned him, in the said amendment the words "five hundred," and tinguished civilian. Against them, personally, most earnest and emphatic manner, his thanks.

insert in lieu thereof "two hundred and fifty:" and I expect never to express a sentiment. I He is an eastern man, but he is acceptable

at the end of line twelve, page 1, of the bill, add the

following: Provided, further, That all necessary oppose their election because they have become, to the Northwest. We know from the senti- letter-press printing and book binding, in all the by acquiescing in their nomination, the repre- ments that he has always expressed that he

Departments and bureaus shall be done and executed sentatives of the sentiments that have con- is not a sectional man. He is a man who, at

at the Government Printing Office, and pot else

where, except registered bonds and written records, trolled Congress for the last three years; the head of this Government, will recognize which may be bound as heretofore at tho Departbecause they stand upon a platform which is || all sections, and respect and labor to promote

ment.' objectionable in part and equivocal in part. the interests of each. While the chief Exec.

That the House recede from their disagreement to

the seventh amendment of the Senate, and agree to The convention at New York has expressed Il utive of the State of New York he favored, the same, with an amendment, as follows: in lieu of

40th Cong. 21 SESS.-No. 253.

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said amendinent insert the words two hundred and seventy-five;" and the Senate ngree to the same.

That the House recede from their disagreement to the tenth amendment of the Senate and agree to the sawe, with an amendment, as follows: strike out of said Senate amendment the words "and eight;" and ine Senate agree to the same.

That the llouse recede from their disagreement to the twelfth annendment of the Senate and agree to the same, with the following verbal amendment: strike out of said amendment the word Calitorua,'' where it occurs, and insert the word Califormia" after the word "vicinity."

That the House recede froin their disagreement to the thirteenth amendment of the Senate, and agree to the same, with the following aneudments: strike out the word "two" in lino one of said amendment aud insert in lieu thereof the word "one;" and strike **8" from the word "tenders” in line twv; and in line three of said amendincnt strike out the word "vigaty” and insert the word "forty;" and the Senate agree to the same.

That the House recede from their disagreoment to the sixteenth amendment of the Senate and agree to the same, with an amendment, as follows: strike out of said amendment the word "fifty" and insert in lieu thereof the words "twenty-five;" and the Senate agree to the same,

That the House reccde from their disagreement to the seventeenth amendment of the Senate and agree to the same, with the following amendinent: in lieu of the words stricken out by said amendment insert the following: “Five of the six steam revenue-cutters stationed upon the northern and northwestern lakes and their iributaries shall be laid up, and that no inore of the money appropriated by this act shall be paid on tbeir account than so much as may be necessary for their safe and proper care and keeping, and that;” and the Senate agreo to the same.

That the House recede from their disagreement to the twenty-third amendmentof the Senate and agree to the same with an amendment, as follows: strike out of said annendment the words "seventy-five" and insert in lieu thereof the word "fifty;" and the Senate agree to the same.

That the House recede from their disagreoment to the twenty-fourth amendment of the Senate, and agree to the same, with an amendmont, as follows: at the end of said amendment add the following: "Provided, That said building, when completed, shall cost not more than $100,000;” and the Senate agree to the same.

That the House recede from their disagreement to tbo twenty-eighth amendment of the Senate, and agree to the same, with an amendment, as follows: at the end of said amendment add the following: ** Provided, That the Mint of the United States and branches shall continue to refine gold and silver bullion, and no contract to exchange crude or imported bullion for refined bars sball be made until authorized by law;' and the Senate agree to the same.

That the House recede from their disagreement to the twenty-ninth amendment of the Senate, and agree to the same with an amendment, as follows: strike out of said amendment the words "five thousand" and insert in lieu thereof the words "twentyfive hundred;" and at the end of said amendment add the following words: "to be expended under the direction of the Commissioner of the Gencral Land Oflice;" and the Senato agree to the same.

Thai the Senate recede from their disagreement to the amendment of the House to the thirty-first amendinent of the Senate, and agree to the same.

That the House recede from their disagreement to the forty-third amendment of the Senate and agree to the same, with the following amondment: strike out of said amendment the word “five;" and the Senate agree to the same.

That the House reced om their disagreement to the forty-fourth amendment of the Senate and agree to the same with an amendment, as follows: strike out of said amendment the word "five," and insert in lieu thereof the word "twenty;"and the Senate agree to the same.

That the House recede from their disagreement to the forty-fifth amendment of the Senato and agree to the same, with an amendment as follows: strike out of said amendment the word "twenty;" and in lieu thereof insert the word "ten."

That the House recode from their disagreement to the fifty-first amendment of the Senate and agree to the same, with an amendment as follows: at the end of said Senate amendment add the following: " to pay William H. West for services rendered in taking care of and keeping safely the bonds held in trust by the Secretary of the Treasury for the benefit of the Smithsonian Institution from March 1, 1850, to July 1, 1863, $2,500. to be paid out of the Smithsonian fund;" and the Senato agree to the same.

That the Senate reccdo froin their disagreement to the amendment of the House to the sixty-second amendment of the Senate, and agree to the same.

That the House recede from their disagreement to the sixty-third amendment of the Senate, and agreo to the same, with amendments as follows: strike out all of said amendment after the word "office," in line seven, and insert in lieu thereof the following: "Provided, That all the moneysstanding to the credit of the ‘Patent Fund' or in the hands of the Commissioner of Patents, and all moneys hereafter received at the Patent Office for any purpose or from any source whatever, shall be paid into the Treasury as received, without any reduction whatever, and the sum of $250,000 is hereby appropriated for salaries and miscellaneous and contingent expenses of the Patent Office and for withdrawals and for moneys paid by mistako, to be disbursed under the direction of the Secretary of the Interior; and it shall be the duty of the Commissioner of Patents to cominuvicato to Congress at the commencement of overy December session a full and detailed account of moneys received for duties on patents, aud for copies of

records, and drawings, and all other moneys received thought that it would be done to better adran. by virtue of said office, and of all moneys expended

tage in private establishments. Now, upon by him under and by virtue of this provision for said contingent and miscellaneous expenses and for sal- an apprehension that there was some contract aries, and the names of persons to irhom such salaries about to be made on the Pacific coast, which are paid and the amounts thereof paid to each.' That the House recede from their disagreement to

was prejudicial to the general policy of the the sixty-seventh amendment of the Senate, and Government and the general interests of the agree to the same, with an amendment, as follows: miners particularly, a bill passed the House at the end of said amendment add the following: * Provided, That no part of this property shall be sold

of Representatives such as I have referred to; or transferred without the consent of the United and this proposition in this bill is made in some States first had and received."

sense to meet what are supposed to be the L. M. MORRILL, J. HARLAN,

reasonable expectations or demands on the C. COLE,

part of the House who passed that bill. Asit Managers on the part of the Senate. now stands, it will be seen that the laws on

E. B. WASHBURNE, this subject remain as beretofore ; but the

Secretary of the Treasury is prohibited froin Managers on the part of the House. making any, contract for refining. Whether Mr. MORRILL, of Maine. I perhaps ought he ever had that power I do not know ; or to make a statement in regard to two or three whether he ever undertook to exercise that points of this report, which provide matters of

power I do not know. I suppose that the legislation outside of an appropriation, which policy that has existed since 1853 will continue I should like the Senate to understand so that

to exist under these statutes, so that where at hereafter it may not be said that they were | any mint or branch mint it is found that a taken by surprise. As a general thing I am

private establishment is refining under circumopposed to legislating on these appropriation stances more favorable to the Government bills, and I should be very glad for the relief

than it could be done by the Government, still of the committee if the rule of the Senate was that policy would be pursued. That is all the same as that of the House of Representatives

there is of that. that no matter of legislation should be put Then we make a change in regard to the upon these bills; but it is otherwise, and the Patent Office fund, which is a radical change practice is otherwise. What I want to call the and which the Senate ought to understand. attention of the Senate to, and particularly of This provision provides that the Patent Office the Committee on Finance, is the first amend. fund so called, a fund arising from established ment, which is in the appropriation for the ne- fees in that department, shall be covered into cessary expenses of carrying into effect several the Treasury of the United States. That is acts of Congress authorizing loans. The Sen- the amount of that. I understand the fund to ate agreed to appropriate $1,500,000. The be about a quarter of a million dollars; and conference committee agreed to a reduction all the funds which shall arise from fees in of $250,000 upon the ground that there has that establishment hereafter are to be paid into been so much reduction in the expenditures the Treasury of the United States, and under the tax bill that possibly that may be | $250,000 is appropriated out of the Treasury sufficient; but we have agreed to that with an for the payment of the current expenses of the amendment relative to the printing in that

establishment. This branch of the service is department which is now very large. We entirely, I may say, conducted at the discrehave no means of estimating it; it is not so

tion of the Commissioner of Patents. I do large of course as the printing establishment not know that there are any complaints against proper, but it has grown to very large dimen- the Commissioner of Patents now, or that there sions ; in that establishment a great deal of have been heretofore of any abuses. But it is printing for all the Departments and all the a very extraordinary exercise of discretion to bureaus, of a character over which Congress be deposited in any Department or bureau of has not the slightest control, is done; and the the Government. This establishment, from cost of it of course we have no information very small beginnings, beginning, I think, with about, and the expense of which it is impossi- a Commissioner and two or three clerks, has ble for us to tell. . This is a proposition that now grown up so that the expenditure the last all the letter-press printing and binding for the year was between six and seven hundred thonDepartments and bureaus hereafter shall be sand dollars, all collected and disbursed done at the general printing establishment of entirely in the discretion of the Commissioner. the Government, except in relation to the bind

He receives it all and disburses and expends ing of the registered bonds and blank books that it all, with no oversight or supervision from are peculiar to this department and bureau, and any quarter, not even under the direction of which may more appropriately be done there. the Secretary of the Interior. But then I say,

That is one point. Another is in regard to in justice to the present incumbent and his the mints. It may bave been noticed that predecessors, that I know of no complaint. there is a provision in one of the amendments Still this fund has grown to such dimensions that the relining of gold shall continue to be

and the discretion is so very great that, in done in the Mint and branch mints in the justice to the officer himself and the departcountry, and that no contract shall be made by ment itself, it would seem that the money as the Secretary of the Treasury to the contrary ;

it arises should go into the Treasury of the that is, he shall be authorized to make no con- United States and be paid out under such limtract by which the refining shall cease to be itations and conditions as apply to other funds. done in the mints. I may be permitted to As this is so radical a change and upon an remark, perhaps, that yesterday a bill passed appropriation bill, I thought it my duty to state the House of Representatives repealing the

thus much to the Senate that hereafter it shall laws on the subject of refining in the Mint not be said that they were taken by surprise. and branch inints of this country. The law Mr. SHERMAN. I wish to ask the Senator stands in this wise: in 1853 an act was passed a question as to the construction to be placed authorizing the director of the Mint at Phila- on one of these amendments. I am not familiar delphia, whenever a private establishment was with the technical language in which these procapable of doing the refining then being done visions have been made; but the first proviso at the Mint, to cease refining at the Mint. added is that all necessary letter press print

In 1861 this provision was extended to all | ing and book binding in all the Departments branch mints, so that it came to be regarded and bureaus shall be done and executed at the as the settled policy of the Government that it Government Printing Office and not elsewhere, was not worth while for the Government to do except registered bonds and written records the refining in the Mint and branch mints, may be bound, as heretofore, at the Departprovided it could be done by private estab. ment.” That applies to all printing except lishments. The Committee on Appropriations that connected with money. The tax law now were not very well informed on this subject, under consideration contemplates the possibut it seems to have been the policy since 1853 bility of new stamps which are really in the to discountenance the refining of bullion in the nature of Government bills, being printed at public establishments of the Government, for the Treasury Department for safety. I ask what reason I do not know; probably it was whether this would prevent that ?

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