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inspectors of oil; and fourth, inspectors of to- Mr. SCHENCK. The principal business SUITS AGAINST RAILROAD CORPORATIONS. bacco, snuff, and cigars. The whole number of before that committee of a public character is Mr. COOK, from the Committee on Roads these four classes of officers, including special the funding bill, which has passed the Senate. and Canals, reported back a bill (II. R. No. agents and general agents, amounts to about We have bestowed considerable consideration
1423) to provide for bringing suits in the seventeen hundred. We get rid of the special upon that bill; and as the House referred it to
courts of the United States against railroad agents and revenue agenis, of which I think us to-day, we hope to be able to report it back corporations where a portion of the line is in there are eleven general agents, ten under one to the House in forty-eight hours with whatever several States; which was ordered to be printed law and one under another, and some forty-two amendments we may desire to have made to it. and recommitted. or forty-four special agents provided for by the
PRINTING TIIE TAX LAW.
Mr. RANDALL moved to reconsider the existinglaw. We also repeal the law providing for general inspectors, amounting to some two
Mr. BECK. I would suggest to the gentle.
vote by which the bill was recommitted ; and
also moved that the motion to reconsider be hundred and twenty-five in number, and pro- man from Ohio [Mr. SCHENCK] the propriety
laid on the table. vide, instead of the five hundred inspectors of of moving that there be printed of the tax
The latter motion was agreed to. spirits or thereabouts, that there shall be a law a sufficient number of copies to inform gauger and storekeeper paid by the Govern- the people of the country about the law. ment and under the reach and control of the
Mr. SCHENCK. I think that is a very good
Mr. LOGAN. I ask unanimous consent to Government instead of these inspectors of suggestion. The report of the committee of report back from the Committee of Ways and
Means, for consideration at the present time, spirits who now belong to the distillery. The conference having been agreed to by both inspectors of oil are of course got rid of by | Houses, it only remains for the President to the bill (H. R. No. 1416) making certain reg. the repeal of the tax on oil. There remain, 1 sign the bill for it to become a law. I there. ulations as to the public debt. therefore, none but the inspectors of tobacco, fore move that twenty-five thousand copies of The SPEAKER. The bill will be read for snuff, and cigars. All of them, sixteen or sev.
the tax bill, when it shall have been approved | information, after which there will be an oppor. enteen hundred officers, are got rid of, with by the President, be printed for the use of tunity for objection. the exception of some one hundred and fifty or members of this House, in pamphlet form, The bill, which was read, provides in the two hundred who have been employed as
with an index, to be prepared by ihe clerk of first section that no percentage, deduction, inspectors of tobacco, snuff, and cigars by the the Committee of Ways and Means.
commission, or compensation of any amount substitution for them of supervisors of revenue,
The motion was referred to the Committee or kind, shall be allowed to any person for the and not exceeding twenty-five detectives, who on Printing under the law.
sale or negotiation of any bonds or securities may be employed throughout the United
of the United States disposed of at the Treas
LAND OFFICE IN UTAJI TERRITORY. States, and the gaugers and storekeepers un
ury Department or elsewhere on account of der the control of the authorities of the United
Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. There is the United States; and all acts and parts of States. a bill upon the Speaker's table which will
acts authorizing or permitting, by construction Mr. ELDRIDGE. Will the gentleman
undoubtedly become a law. Some unimport- or otherwise, the Secretary of the Treasury to inform the House how many in number the ant amendments have been made to it by the
appoint any agent, other than some proper Senate. Those amendments ought to be conofficers have been reduced by this bill?
ollicer of his Department, to make such sale Mr. SCHENCK. More than one half the
curred in for the purpose of putting the neces- or negotiation of bonds and securities, are to number have been got rid of, I should say, and
sary appropriations in the deficiency appropri- be repealed. I think a very much better system has been
ation bill, which is now in the Senate, and will The second section provides that all authoradopted.
be probably acted on there to-morrow. I ask | ity under any existing law to issue bonds, Mr. ELDRIDGE. Does the gentleman
unanimous consent to take it from the table for || Treasury notes, or other interest-bearing obli
consideration at this time. include in that the number who have been
gations of the United States shall cease and
The SPEAKER, by unanimous consent, laid substituted ?
determine. But nothing herein is to prevent Mr. SCHENCK. Yes, sir ; after allowing the bill (H. R. No. 202) to create the office of
before the House amendments of the Senate to the conversion of Treasury notes known as for all the substitution I should say that the
seven-thirties into the five-tweniy bonds, nor whole aggregate number will be less than one surveyor general in the Territory of Utah,
the conversion of compound interest notes into establish a land office in said Territory, and balt what it was before, the names and duties
the three per cent. certificates of temporary extend the homestead and preëmption laws being in some degree changed, but the actual
loan, nor the issue of bonds as subsidy w rail over the same. number largely reduced.
road companies, as provided by law. Mr. BECK. One other question. By secThe amendments were read as follows:
The third section provides that the Secretary tion twelve of this bill it is provided that two
On page 1, in line seven, strike out “shall” and of the Treasury shall publish monthly a detailed
insert" have." dollars per day shall be paid by all distillers
statement of the public debt at the close of
On same page, in line seventeen, after "land," fermenting over twenty bushels of grain, and insert" of the United States."
each month, in which statement all bonds and so on in proportion; and that any distillery
On samo page, in lines twelve and thirteen, strike other obligations of the United States issued
out the words to which the Indian title is or shall that shall suspend work shall pay two dollars
from the Treasury Department, payable after be extinguished." per day during the time the work is suspended. On same page, in line ten, strike out "and" where
the year in which such statement is made, Now, is it intended that they shall pay two
it first occurs after the word "" lands" and insert "of including the amount of seven-thirty Treasury
the United States." dollars per day whether they are running or
notes convertible into five-twenty bonds, but not?
The amendments were concurred in.
not including the amount of subsidy bonds Mr. SCHENCK. In regard to that matter Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois, moved to issued to railroad companies, are to be classed we have agreed to adopt the language em- reconsider the vote by which the amendments as the “ funded debt;'' the United States notes ployed by the Senate, except Sundays; " were concurred in; and also moved that the and the fractional notes issued for circulation They are not charged for Sundays. We also motion to reconsider be laid on the table. as money, are to be classed as the "currency agree to the amendments of the Senate, and The latter motion was agreed to.
debt;" the three per cent. certificates of temsubstitute the word "stopped” for the word
porary loans are to be classed as the "tempo
ROBERT FORD, “suspended.” Now, if no other gentleman
rary-loan debt ;'' and all debt that is past due,
Mr. SHANKS. I ask the unanimous condesires to catechise me any further, I will call
or that will be payable within the year, stating sent of the House to take from the Speaker's || the same in detail, are to be classed as the the previous question.
table for consideration at the present time the The previous question was seconded and the
matured debt," and the interest is to cease main question ordered.
bill (S. No. 550) for the relief of Robert Ford. on such matured debt when it becomes due, The question was upon agreeing to the re
There being no objection, the bill was taken and the same is to be paid on presentation at port of the committee of conference. from the Speaker's table and read a first and
the Treasury. Such statement is also to conMr. ROSS. Can the question be taken sepa
second time. It appropriates the sum of $814 tain the amount outstanding of subsidy bonds
to Robert Ford, in full payment for his time rately upon the part in relation to the tax on
issued to railroad companies; and the amount and services as a teamster in the quartermasbanks ?
of coin, the amount outstanding of gold certiThe SPEAKER.
ter's department of the Army from May 1, It cannot; the report
ficates, and the amount of currency in the must be considered as a whole. 1862, to August 1, 1864.
Treasury of the United States. The report was then agreed to.
The bill was ordered to a third reading; and Mr. ELDRIDGE. I cannot understand that;
it was accordingly read the third time, and Mr. SCHENCK moved to reconsider the passed.
it is too long, and I object.
Mr. LAFLIN. I wish to state that my colvote by which the report was agreed to; and Mr. SHANKS moved to reconsider the vote also moved that the motion to reconsider be || by which the bill was passed; and also moved
leagues, Mr. Van Wyck and Mr. Vax AERNAU laid on the table.
have been detained from the House to-day by that the motion to reconsider be laid on the illness. The latter motion was agreed to. table.
HOMESTEADS TO ACTUAL SETTLERS. CONDITION OF PUBLIC BUSINESS. The latter motion was agreed to.
Mr. WASHBURN, of Indiana, from the Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. I want to
CONTRACTS PAYABLE IN COIN.
Comunittee on Military Affairs, reported a bill ask the gentleman from Ohio (Mr. SchExcK] On motion of Mr. SCHENCK, by unani- (H. R. No. 1433) to amend an act entitled a question in view of the probable adjourn- mous consent, the bill (S. No. 180) relating to is An act to secure homesteads to actual set. ment of this session, in which we are all so contracts payable in coin, was taken from the tlers on the public domain," approved Vay much interested. I would inquire of him what | Speaker's table, read a first and second time, 20, 1802 ; which was read a first and second business there is now before the Committee of and referred to the Committee of Ways and time, ordered to be printed, and recommitted. Ways and Means ? Means.
Mr. WASHBURN, of ludiaua, moved to
reconsider the vote by which the bill was re- saying what I think in relation to the general | and since that time we have paid $300,000,000 committed.
subject of taxation, and especially the tax on of the public debt; in which time also an army The SPEAKER. The motion will be entered spirits.
of nearly a million of men had to be mustered on the Journal, and will be passed over for the The burdens of taxation now resting upon out and paid off, and all the other varied and present.
the people are so heavy that they are calling || extraordinary expenses incident to the closing ADVERSE REPORTS.
upon us for relief. Our duty is to give it if in up the war had to be met. Mr. BOYER, from the Committee on Mili
our power to do so consistent with public A hundred millions a year since the close of tary Affairs, reported back the following cases
safety, public credit, and national honor. There the war has been taken from the people by
has seldom been a time when business has duties and internal taxes in addition to the adversely; and the same were laid on the table :
been so depressed. Thousands of the best extraordinary expenses, as I have said, and in Resolution relative to the officers of the
and most enterprising men of the land are addition to the interest, and paid toward liquififtieth regiment of Wisconsin volunteers;
struggling against the waves of misfortune, and dating the principal of the debt of the country, Petition of Colonel Jacob M. Davis and forty | depths of financial ruin. They are looking | latent power of this great and free people, and
are in danger of being swallowed up in the Sir, it is proof sublime of the capacity and other officers of Pennsylvania regiments, for the passage of a supplementary act extending the toward Congress and expecting help. Can we an example worthy to be heralded to all the
nations of the earth; but, sir, I think it, to say three months' extra pay to all
officers mustered give it? If we can, shall we give it? If we into the United States service before April
can, and fail, we shall fail to perform a duty for the least, is unwise for us in the future to con
which we should be held accountable to our tinue to tax and strain the energies of the peo26, 1865, and honorably mustered out there.
people. One of the means of relief is the ple for the purpose of producing such results ; after; Claim of Selden P. Clark, for pay and allow.
passage of the tax bill. I was in favor of and I am, therefore, for the present in favor ances of captain of infantry from October 31
revising the whole revenue law, and was there- of giving the people as little to do in the pay
fore against laying aside the original bill reto December 20, 1861;
mentof taxes as possible, consistent with honor Petition of James W. Strode, first lieutenant
ported to the House by the committee, for the and a healthy condition of the country, until
reason that in my judgment it is unwise for the || they get upon their feet again and get to busicompany K, fitih Kentucky cavalry; Petition of D. S. Curtis, for an amendment Government at present to require the collec
Then, Mr. Chairman, when we have tion of any more revenue than is necessary to determined to raise no more money than we of the act granting three months' pay; A bill (H. R. No. 625) for the relief of
meet the current expenses of the Government || actually need, and have determined to raise David L. 'Wright, late captain company E,
and pay the interest on the public debt. By what we do need by the enactment and enforcefifty-first regiinent Indiana volunteers ;
going over the whole system we could have ment of laws just and equitable, then the Petition of Samuel Wills, of Illinois, for
lightened the tax in many particulars, and to next great business for us is to see that the relief;
that extent relieved the people of burdens. I taxes provided by law to be paid by the people Petition of William W. Wilcox, praying
was for going on with that bill for this reason. shall be honestly collected, and honestly paid
I was for going on with it for another reason. into the Treasury by the officers and agents compensation for services as second lieutenant
Men are not specially fond of paying taxes appointed for that purpose. seventy-seventh Nlinois volunteers ; A bill (H. R. No. 17) for the relief of Major
at any time. The people are disposed to put It may be easy to pass just laws in which James B. Thompson, of Perrysville, Juniata
off that duty about as long as the law will all the people would cheerfully acquiesce if
permit when taxes are light and the burdens || properly enforced, but when they are not propcounty, Pennsylvania, who was first lieutenant and subsequently captain of company F, one
easy. And they are sure to object and pro- || erly enforced or if enforced so far as to collect hundred and ninetieth regiment Pennsylvania
crastinate when the burdens to be borne are the tax from the people, and then violated by volunteers, having been commissioned during When one man is called upon to pay and bis
not equitably distributed among all the people. a failure to pay over to the Government, it is his confinement in rebel prisons; and
not surprising that the people complain and Petition of William Bass.
neighbor is excused because his property may
be in a different shape, (the one and the other But, sir, when it comes to the question of DEFICIENCY IN APPROPRIATIONS FOR INDIANS. equally able,) the man who is able to pay may enforcing or executing the laws Congress is
The SPEAKER, by unanimous consent, laid well be pardoned if he complains that he is powerless. It is our duty to enact, it is the before the House a communication from the not treated fairly, and he enters his protest. duty of the Exeeutive to execute. With this Secretary of the Interior, transmitting a com
Justice is an indispensable element in the plain duty before each of the two branches of munication from the Commissioner of Indian tax laws as well as every other, if you will the Government what are the facts? At the Affairs, reporting a deficiency in the approprihave them enforced and receive a cheerful
outset good officers of the Government are re. ation made for the subsistence of friendly response from the people. The American moved on account of political opinions, and Indians, amounting to $172,827; which was people are ready to answer to the calls of the men put in their places because they profess to referred to the Committee on Appropriations, Government whenever made upon a fair show- agree with the Executive. and ordered to be printed.
ing of necessity, and when made to all upon Then after various demonstrations in various Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois, moved to
the solid basis of justice. The revenue law, in ways calculated to demoralize the public serreconsider all the votes recently taken ; and
my judgment, might be greatly improved and vice we have the sad spectacle in this land, the also moved that the motion to reconsider be
made much more equitable in its operation | great glory of which is that it is a land govlaid on the table.
and bearing upon the various classes of indus- erned by the people's laws, of the chief ExecuThe latter motion was agreed to.
try in the country. For these two reasons I tive, the highest officer of the nation, the man Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois, moved that
regret that it was not the judgment of the whose special duty under the Constitution is to the House take a recess.
Hlouse to go over the whole subject. While see that the laws be faithfully executed, vio. The SPEAKER stated that there would be
the burdens are piled up almost mountain high, || lating the law, and yet protected in his action
and while trade and commerce and all the evening sessions for debate only one or two
by the high tribunal which aione can remove varied employments of the people are so de- him from office. evenings more, as the evening sessions would be required for public business.
pressed and are struggling to pass through the Who can expect that his appointees, with com
present crisis, which amounts almost to a missions signed by him, with his example beThe motion was agreed to; and thereupon || panic, I am unwilling to pile them up higher | fore them as a guarantee of protection, will (at four o'clock and forty-five minutes p. m.) the House took a recess till half past seven
for the sake of having it to say that this nation, discharge their duties with fidelity to the intero'clock p. m.
just out of a great war, is rapidly paying off ests of the people and in accordance with the the public debt.
law which alone should be their guide ? Mr. Chairman, I wish the debt were paid. I do not charge that the persons holding posiEVENING SESSION.
I wish that it had been so ordered that we had tion under the Presidentare all dishonest. Some The House reassembled at half past seven
never been called upon to incur it; but, sir, it of them I know are faithful to their duty; but, o'clock p. m., and, agreeably to order, resolved
is upon us; it was incurred in a war for na- sir, in view of the example set by the Presiitself into the Committee of the Whole on the tional existence, and we must deal with the || dent it would not be strange if many of his state of the Union (Mr. Beck temporarily in subject as we find it. Our public debt amounts subordinates should follow his example and set the chair) for general debate.
to about twenty-seven bundred million dollars. the law at defiance when for corrupt or other
The annual interest upon the public debt motives it seemed desirable to do so. And, sir, INTERNAL REVENUE SYSTEM,
amounts or is estimated for the year ending | I assert that the corruption that seems to preMr. CULLOM. Mr. Chairman, when the June 30, 1869, to be $129,678,078 50. I am vail among the revenue officers and custom tax bill was before the committee for examin- unwilling to do very much more at present than officers of the country, and which has well ation and discussion some time ago I desired raise sufficient money to pay the interest as we nigh depleted the Treasury within the last two to give my views in relation to it, but there agree and to meet the current expenses of the years, is mainly chargeable to the course purseemed to be such uncertainty about the pas. Government honestly and economically ad. sued by the President of the United States. sage of any bill unless the House acted promptly | ministered. Let the people recover from the But, Mr. Chairman, I desire to say a word that I determined to content myself with my shock of battle ; let prosperity again prevail; || in relation to the tax on spirits. When I came votes upon the various amendments as pre- let commerce regain its wonted energy and here at the first session of the Thirty-Ninth sented. The bill passed the House, how- life; let the people have time, and with it will Congress the tax on whisky had been raised to ever, has been to the Senate, and passed with come an ability to pay that which to-day would two dollars per gallon. It had come up by a amendments, and there is now no reasonable paralyze and prostrate the people. The Gov- series of steps from twenty cents, I believe, doubt but that it will become a law, and I ernment has been in too great haste to pay off until it got to two dollars. feel justified in taking a few winutes time in its debt. The war closed in the spring of 1865, The reports of the Corumiesioner then showed
that instead of the revenue from that source of grain, making a total loss to the country
PETITIONS, ETC. increasing as the tax was increased the amount i equal to about fifteen and a half million bushels
The following petitions, &c., were presented was materially diminished. My judgment then of grain, which, at the lowest calculation,
under the rule, and referred to the appropriate was that the tax was too high. It was too would be worth, according to the ruling prices committees: high to insure large revenue, and too high, || in the country, about twelve million dollars.
By Mr. BLAIR: The petition of several having in view the interests of western people, These figures are made upon the assumption
officers of the regular Army, for continuance where the larger part of the grain out of which that the spirits are all made in an illicit man
of increased pay upon the passage of Mr. spirits is or should be manufactured. I thought ner; the evidence is that the greater portion is
SCHENCK's bill to fix and equalize the pay of then that it should be reduced to one dollar so made. The exports of grain from this
officers, &c. per gallon. It was urged, however, by those country during the year 1867 did not amount
By Mr. FERRISS: The petition of certain having the subject specially in charge, that the to more than ten million bushels. Thus it will
officers of the Army, for the continuance of two-dollar tax had not had a l'air test, and the be seen that the waste from illicit and fraud
increased pay, Government would be able to do better after | ulent distillation of spirits amounts to more By Mr. GARFIELD: The petition of officers the supply on hand when the tax was raised than all our exports of grain, and of course is
of the Army, for the passage of the bill kuown was used up, and by a heavy tax on spirits | felt by all who consume a bushel of grain or a
as General SCHENCK's pay bill. and tobacco other interests could be relieved. pound of meat, and by all those who contribute
Also, the memorial of Joseph W. Burke, With these statements, and others of a similar in taxes to the support of the country.
protesting against the admission of John B. character, those in favor of a high tax were Every honest business in the land demands
Callis as a Representative in Congress from the able to keep it at two dollars. So we have that the distillation of spirits should be con
Gfth district of Alabama. gone on from year to year until the amount of ducted openly and honestly, like other busi
By Mr. HUBBARD, of West Virginia: The revenue from spirits has run down from about ness conducted by honest men ; that the taxes
petition of William M. Simpson, of Wood thirty millions a year to $13,000,000; and there | legally imposed upon such products should be
county, West Virginia, asking that his name seems at last to be a conviction here, and every; || paid, and that when paid it should find its way
may be placed on the pension-roll. where else, that the tax will have to be reduced into the Treasury of the United States.
By Mr. POLAND: The petition of Foster soon or we shall get no revenue at all from Mr. Chairman, I will not take up the time that source. of the House longer. I trust this bill will
& Tower, praying relief on account of error
in contract for furnishing crucibles to Navy It is humiliating, sir, to be compelled to become a law very soon, and that when it does
Department. admit that we are driven to this point by the we may hear of better results in the collection Tascals in the country. And very much fear, of the revenue from spirits and tobacco, and
IN SENATE. sir, that its reduction will not insure the honest that we may soon be able to relieve entirely all collection of the tax that we shall agree upon, the other branches of industry from taxation,
THURSDAY, July 16, 1868. however stringent we make the law in provid- and rely upon custom duties and tax on spirits
Prayer by Rev. E. H. GRAY, D. D. ing for its collection.
and tobacco to pay the interest on the public On motion of Mr. WILSON, and by unanThe judgment of Congress now is to place debt and meet the current expenses of the
imous consent, the reading of the Journal of the tax at fifty cents per gallon and require Government.
yesterday was dispensed with. its collection at the still or distillery warehouse. Since the close of the war, notwithstanding
HOUSE BILLS REFERRED. We can do no less than try this plan and hope the enormous expenditures incurred in paying for good results. Fraud in connection with off and reducing the Army, notwithstanding The following bills and joint resolutions from this interest must be stopped some how. Unless the fact that we have reduced the public debt the House of Representatives were severally it is we had better repeal the law entirely and $100,000,000 a year, and have paid in bounty read twice by their titles and referred as indi. get back to the days of free whisky, and let the to the soldiers millions of dollars annually, cated below: distilleries run.
and to the pensioners millions more, and A bill (H. R. No. 1420) directing the Com. But, sir, I desire to offer some suggestions have paid the interest on the public debt, missioner of Pensions to proceed to hear evitouching this subject, showing the effect of high and raised money necessary to support the dence and determine the right of W. H. Cox, taxation of spirits upon the general economy Government, yet we have every year light. || deceased, late a sergeant in company F, secand welfare of the country.
ened the burdens upon the people by the ond regiment Pennsylvania artillery, to a penAnu, sir, I am glad to state that a gentleman modification of the tax laws. The first year sion in the same manner as if he was still living, of my own district, a man of wealth and busi- after the war closed we repealed taxes which he having died of a disease contracted while a ness, and high character, and who has not been had amounted to $60,000,000; the next year || prisoner of war at Anderson ville, Georgia, aad engaged in the business of manufacturing or $40,000,000, and this year we have already | if found to be entitled to a pension, then the dealing in spirits, has furnished me the facts relieved the people by the repeal of taxes which same from the time of his discharge till death, and figures which I shall use in this portion of last year amounted to $90,000,000. We might to be paid over to his father, Charles D. Coxmy argument. The greater portion of the dis- still go further, and still have a surplus, after to the Committee on Pensions. tilled spirits which pays no tax is made in an meeting all just demands due, to be applied in A bill (H. R. No. 541) making appropriaillicit manner and with imperfect machinery. discharge of the principal of the debt.
tions for the service of the Columbia Institution It is a well known fact that such a still, run in Mr. Chairman, with all the burdens for the for the Instruction of the Deaf and Dumb, and the dark and secret, cannot produce as great last few years resting upon the people they have | establishing additional regulations for the gove a quantity of spirits from a given quantity of gone forward enjoying a reasonable degree of ernment of the institution-to the Committee grain as will the large establishment with per- prosperity. With a little encouragement, by on Appropriations. fect machinery worked in an open and scien- wise and prudent legislation a degree of pros. A joint resolution (H. R. No. 296) giving tific manner. The object of the dishonest man, perity will soon prevail all over the land, which the assent of the United States to the construcsecretly engaged in defrauding the Govern- will double the aggregate wealth of the nation tion of certain wharves in the harbor of Oswego, ment, is to escape detection and get as much and enable us to provide for the payment of
New York-to the Committee on Commerce. money in his pocket as he can quickly as pos- the debt without oppressing the business of the A joint resolution (H. R. No. 342) for the sible. In his haste and fear he fails to get as people. Then let us adopt such a policy as restoration of Commander Greenleaf Cilley, much spirits from a bushel of grain as the large will produce such results.
and Commander Aaron K. Hughes, United distiller can make; besides, the slops with which Mr. BROOMALL addressed the committee States Navy, to the active list from the retired to fatten beef and pork running from the illicit on general political topics. [His remarks will list-to the Committee on Naval Affairs. still are an entire and absolute waste. be published in the Appendix.]
A joint resolution (H. R. No. 343) to admit There is supposed to be made about seventy- Mr. PAINE spoke on the New York Dem. free of duty certain statuary-to the Committee five million gallons of spirits each year. It is ocratic convention, its candidates platform. on Finance. estimated, I believe, that distilleries properly || [His remarks will be published in the Appen- A joint resolution (H. R. No. 341) for the run can make about three and a half gallons dix.]
relief of Z. M. Hall-to the Committee on of spirits from a bushel of grain. If this is Mr. GARFIELD, Mr. BUTLER, of Mas- Commerce. so, in the manufacture of seventy-five million sachusetts, Mr. PIKE, and Mr. STONE ad
EXECUTIVE COMMUNICATION. gallons of spirits about twenty-one and a half dressed the committee on the taxation of the million bushels of grain would be consumed. United States bonds. (Their speeches will be
The PRESIDENT pro tempore laid before the It is not supposed that an illicit distiller could published in the Appendix.] Mr. Stone, be
Senate a report of the Secretary of War, comproduce more than two and a half gallons || fore concluding, yielded to
municating, in compliance with a resolution from a bushel of grain. If so, in the illicit
of the Senate of the 3d instant, information in
Mr. VAN HORN, of New York, who moved distillation of seventy-five million gallons of
relation to the condition of the appropriation that the committee rise. spirits thirty million bushels of grain would The motion was agreed to.
for the publication of the medical and surgical be consumed-making a difference of about The committee accordingly rose; and Mr.
history of the war ; which was referred to the nine millions in the amount of grain consumed;
Committee on Printing. VAN Horn, of New York, having taken the the difference being an entire loss to the chair as Speaker pro tempore, Mr. CULLOM
PETITIONS AND MEMORIALS. wealth of the country. To this loss must be reported that the Committee of the Whole on Mr. SUMNER presented a petition of officers added the amount of slops thrown away. It the state of the Union, having had under con- of the United States Army, praying an increase is said the slops will make half as much beef sideration the Union generally, had come to of compensation; which was referred to the and pork as the corn itself if fed to the animals, no resolution thereon.
Committee on Military Affairs and the Militia. but if it will make one third as much then it And then, on motion of Mr. CULLOM, (at Mr. WILSON presented two petitions of is equal to a loss of over seven million bushels ten o'clock, p. m.,) the House adjourned. officers of the United States Army, praying an
increase of compensation; which were referred Mr. ANTIIONY, from the Committee on ufacturers, praying to be relieved from internal to the Committee on Military Affairs and the Naval Affairs, to whom was referred the joint revenue taxes now charged against them and Milicia.
resolution (H. R. No. 332) authorizing the remaining due and unpaid; Mr. NYE presented a petition of Robert appointment of examiners to examine and re- A resolution instructing the committee to B. Riell, captain United States Navy, praying port upon the expediency of discontinuing the inquire into the expediency of reporting a bill to be allowed the retired pay of his present navy-yard at Charlestown, Massachusetts, and to provide new bonds to take the place of the grade; which was referred to the Committee uniting the same with the yard at Kittery, five-twenties as they mature; on Naval Affairs. Maine, reported it with an amendment.
Resolutions of the constitutional convention
of Georgia in favor of a loan of $100,000 by Offices and Post Roads, to whom was referred the Government to the South Georgia and Mr. RAMSEY, from the Committee on Post the joint resolution (S. R. No. 104) relating to Florida railroad; and Ofiices and Post Roads, to whom the subject the ocean mail steamship service between the A resolution of the Senate directing the was referred, submitted a report, accompanied || United States and China, authorized by act of committee to inquire into the expediency of by a bill (S. No. 622) to authorize the con: Congress, approved February 17, 1865, reported || repealing all laws imposing taxes on income struction of bridges across the Ohio river. The it with amendments.
and manufactures. bill was read the first time and passed to a Mr. TRUMBULL, from the Committee on He also, from the same committee, to whom second reading, and the report was ordered the Judiciary, to whom were referred the fol- were referred a bill (S. No. 480) to provide for to be printed.
lowing message, resolutions, memorials, and the change of name or location of national Mr. RAMSEY. I ought to state that there petitions, asked to be discharged from their banking associations, asked to be discharged are certain blanks in that bill; but the com- further consideration; which was agreed to: from its further consideration; and a bill (S. mittee instructed me to report it at this time A message of the President of the United
No. 154) to provide for the issue of gold in in order to have the report and bill printed, States, communicating, in compliance with a place of legal-tender notes, and to facilitate with a view subsequently to the recommitment resolution of the Senate, information in rela: resumption of specie payment, moved their of the bill to fill those blanks.
tion to instructions issued to General Pope and indefinite postponement; which was agreed to. Mr. DAVIS, from the Committee on Claims, General Meade on their being assigned to the He also, from the same committee, to whom to whom was referred the petition of John A. command of the third military district; was referred the joint resolution (H. R. No. Wilcox and the memorial of Asa Price, asked Resolutions of the Legislature of Kansas in 225) respecting national banks in liquidation, to be discharged from their further considera- favor of a change of the jurisdiction of the asked to be discharged from its further contion ; which was agreed to.
United States courts pertaining to the Indian | sideration; which was agreed to. Mr. CATTELL, from the Committee on country south of Kansas, from the State of He also, from the same committee, to whom Finance, to whom was referred the bill (S. No. Arkansas to the State of Kansas ;
was referred the joint resolution (S. R. No. 621) authorizing the Manufacturers' National Resolutions of the constitutional convention
141) requiring the Special Commissioner of Bank of New York to change its location, re- of Texas, in favor of the transfer from the the Revenue to act as Superintendent of the ported it without amendment.
military commander of fifth military district Bureau of Statistics in the office of the SecreMr. FRELINGUUYSEN, from the Com- to that convention of the power and authority | tary of the Treasury, asked to be discharged mittee on Clainis, to whom was referred the bill to appoint and remove registrars for ascertain- from its further consideration, and moved its (H. R. No. 834) for the relief of Hon. George | ing and recording the qualified voters of that indefinite postponement; which was agreed to. W. Bridges, a member of the Thirty-Seventh State ; and
He also, from the same coinmittee, to whom Congress, reported it without amendinent. A petition of citizens of Alexandria, praying was referred the bill (S. No. 493) providing
Mr. HOWE, from the Comunittee on Claims, the passage of the bill to repeal an act entitled for a reduction of the rate of interest on the to whom was referred the bill (H. R. No. 1322) "An act to retrocede the county of Alexan- public debt, asked to be discharged from its for the relief of Major F. F. Stevens, assistant dria, in the District of Columbia, to the State further consideration, and that it be indefinitely paymaster United States Army, reported it of Virginia,'' and for other purposes.
postponed; which was agreed to. without amendment.
He also, from the same committee to whom He also, from the same committee, to whom He also, from the same committee, to whom was referred the resolution (S. R. No. 10) pro- was referred the bill (H. R. No. 387) to fix was referred the bill (H. R. No. 1365) for the posing an amendment to the Constitution of
the compensation of the United States deposireliet of Captain Thomas W. Miller, reported | the United States, reported it without amend- tary at Chicago, asked to be discharged from it without amendment. ment.
its further consideration, and moved its inHe also, from the same committee, to whom He also, from the same committee, to whom definite postponement; which was agreed to. was referred the bill (H. R. No. 1366) for the was referred the bill (S. No. 37) attaching the He also, from the same committee, to whom relief of Captain A. G. Olivar, reported it Indian territory to the State of Kansas for was referred the petition of James F. Joy, without amendment.
judicial purposes, reported adversely thereon, praying such action as will give him the posNr. VAN WINKLE, from the Committee and moved its indefinite postponement; which session of the marine hospital and grounds at on Finance, to whom was referred the bill (H. was agreed to.
Chicago, Illinois, purchased by him under act R. No. 39) authorizing the Commissioner of He also, from the same committee, to whom of Congress, asked to be discharged from its Internal Revenue to adjust the accounts of Mark was referred the bill (H. R. No. 2) to repeal || further consideration, and that it be referred Howard, reported it without amendment. an act entitled "An act to retrocede the county to the Committee on the Judiciary; which was
Mr. MORRILL, of Maine, from the Com- of Alexandria, in the District of Colu bia, to agreed to. mittee on Commerce, reported a bill (S. No. the State of Virginia," and for other purposes, Mr. SHERMAN, I am also directed by 623) for the registration or enrollment of cer- asked to be discharged from its further con- the same committee to report back the joint tain foreign-built vessels; which was read and sideration, and moved its indefinite postpone- resolution (II. R. No. 337) continuing the passed to a second reading. ment; which was agreed to.
refining of bullion in the Mint of the United He also, from the Committee on Appropri.. He also, from the same committee, to whom States and branches. This is already disposed ations, to whom was referred the joint resolu. was referred the bill (H. R. No. 480) in rela- of by an amendment in one of the appropriation (H. R. No. 325) relative to the pay of the tion to the pay of grand and petit jurors in tion bills. I move its indefinite postponechief clerk in the office of the Sergeant-at Arms the District of Columbia, reported adversely | ment. of the House, reported it without amendment. thereon, and moved its indefinite postpone. The motion was agreed to. Mr. MORGAN, from the Committee on ment; which was agreed to.
Mr. SHERMAN. I am also instructed to Commerce, to whom was referred a resolution He also, from the same com
om nittee, to whom
report back a bill (H. R. No. 788) to regulate of a meeting of citizens of Cincinnati, in rela- was referred the bill (H. R. No. 145) in rela. tion to the carriage of passengers in steam
the appraisement and inspection of imports in tion to the district court of the United States ships and other vessels, submitted a report, for the northern district of Ohio, reported amendment.
certain cases, and for other purposes, with an accompanied by a joint resolution (S. R. No. adversely thereon, and moved its indefinite
Mr. MORRILL, of Vermont. I desire to 162) to regulate the carriage of passengers in postponement; which was agreed to.
say in behalf of the minority of the Committee steamships and other vessels. The joint res. Mr. SHERMAN, from the Committee on on Finance that when the bill comes up they olution was read and passed to a second read- Finance, to whom were referred the following will ask leave to make a minority report. ing, and the report was ordered to be printed. resolutions, memorials, and petitions, asked Mr. MORGAN. I would like the chairman Mr. COLE, from the Committee on Claims, to be discharged froin their further considera.
to state that the committee are divided. lo whom was referred the petition of Caleb | tion; which was agreed to:
Mr. SHERMAN. The amendment reported Lyon, praying to be relieved from liability for A memorial of the Chamber of Commerce | is by a majority of the Committee on Finance. the loss of certain money stolen from him on of Charleston, praying that the building known the night of December 13, 1866, while on his
COMMERCIAL LAWS EXTENDED TO ALASKA. as the post office may be rented to them for the way to Washington city to settle his accounts purpose of establishing a public exchange and Mr. CHANDLER The Committee on Comas Governor of the Territory of Idaho, asked reading room ;
merce, to whom was referred the bill (S. No. to be discharged from its further considera- A memorial of J. Sumner Powell, praying | 619) to extend the laws relating to customs, tion; which was agreed to.
a loan of $2,000 to be secured by a lien on a commerce, and navigation over the territory Mr. WILLEY, from the Committee on
ceded to the United States by Russia, to estabClaims, to whom was referred the bill (H. R. A petition of Samuel Bullock, of Georgia, || lish a collection district therein, and for other No. 1320) for the relief of L. Merchant & Co., praying that he may be allowed to distill spirits | purposes, have had the same under consideraand Peter Rosecrantz, reported it without for medical purposes;
tion, and directed me to report it back with amendment.
A petition of Little & Dana, woolen man. amendments, and recommend its passage. I
ask the unanimous consent of the Senate to any place in the territory, or, if not so des: | by the Secretary of the Treasury, under such allow it to be put on its passage now. It is a | tined, when there shall be reasonable ground regulations, general or special, as the Secrebill extending the revenue laws over Alaska, of suspicion that such articles are intended to tary shall prescribe, at any port of entry or and it is a matter of necessity, and must go to be landed therein in violation of law; and delivery thus established. But all expenses the House. Therefore I ask the unanimous similar bonds may also be required on the incurred by the United States in connection consent of the Senate to put it on its passage || landing of any such articles in the territory with private bonded warehouses of any class
from the person to whom the same may be established under the custom laws at any port There being no objection, the Senate, as in consigned.
in the United States, and for the reception, Committee of the Whole, proceeded to con: The sixth section provides that the coast- delivery, custody, and safe-keeping of the sider the bill
. It provides that the laws of the || ing trade between the territory and any other | merchandise stored therein, are to be reimUnited States relating to customs, commerce, portion of the United States is to be regulated bursed by the proprietors or occupants of such and navigation, shall be extended to and over in accordance with the provisions of law ap- warehouses respectively, and moneys received all the mainland, islands, and waters of the plicable to such trade between any two great by collectors on account of such reimburseterritory ceded to the United States by the districts.
ment are to be duly accounted for as moneys emperor of Russia by treaty concluded at By the seventh section it is to be unlawful received from that specific source, and not be Washington on the 30th day of March, 1867, for any person to kill any otter, mink, marten, considered as storage for any purpose whatsoso far as the same may be applicable thereto. sable, fur-seal, or other fur-bearing animal By the second section all of the said territory, within the limits of the territory, or in the The Secretary of the Treasury may prewith its ports, harbors, bays, rivers, and waters, waters thereof; and any person guilty thereof scribe all needful rules and regulations to will constitute a customs collection district, to will, on conviction, be fined in any sum not carry into effect all parts of this act, except be called the district of Alaska, for which dis- exceeding $100 for each offense, one half of those specially intrusted to the President alone; trict a port of entry is to be established at some which will be for the use of the informers. and the sum of $100,000 is appropriated to convenient point to be designated by the Presi- The President is to have power to issue to carry this act into effeet and meet the expenses dent, at or near the town of Sitka or New Arch | individuals or incorporated companies annual of collecting the revenue from customs within angel, and a collector of customs be appointed licenses, by virtue of which such individuals the limits of the territory. And the ports of by the President, by and with the advice and or corporations may lawfully kill or cause to delivery established under this act by the Secconsent of the Senate, who shall reside at the be killed, under such restrictions and regula- retary of the Treasury may be, at his discreport of entry and receive an annual salary of tions as the President may prescribe, such tion, by him discontinued or changed to differ$2,500 in addition to the usual legal fees and number of otters, minks, martens, sables, fur- ent localities. emoluments of the office. But his entire com- seals, or other fur-bearing animals as shall be The Committee on Commerce reported pensation is not to exceed $4,000 per annum, by such license specially authorized, and no amendments to the bill, the first of which was or a proportionate sum for a less period of
And the President is empowered to to strike out the third section. time. The third section provides that ports of prescribe all necessary regulations, and to re- The amendment was agreed to. delivery not exceeding six in number may be quire from persons and corporations licensed, The next amendment of the Committee on established by the Secretary of the Treasury at or to be licensed, bonds with sufficient secur- Commerce was to strike out the seventh secsuch other points in the district as, in his opin- i ity, conditioned upon a faithful observance of tion of the bill, and in lieu thereof to insert the ion, the interests of the revenue may demand, all general or special regulations prescribed ; || following: for each of which a surveyor shall be appointed and any license so granted is not to be assign
And be it further enacted, That until Congress shall by the Secretary, who may, at his discretion, | able, but shall be effectual only for the person otherwise provide by law the Secretary of the Treasbe by him clothed with any part or all of the or corporation to which it shall have been ury, with the approval of the President, shall havo official powers of a collector, and required to issued, or an agent of the same duly author
power to prescribe such rules and regulations as he
may think proper in relation to the killing and the give bond to the United States for the faithful ized in writing, and shall be and become for
preservation of fur-bearing animals from indiscrimdischarge of his official duties in such amount feited and void upon any violation of the regu- inate destruction. as the Secretary shall direct; and who shall lations.
Mr. STEWART. I should like to inquire receive a salary of $2,000, and in addition, By the eighth section, until otherwise pro- of the Senator having charge of this bill wbeller when clothed with the powers and responsibil- vided by law, all violations of this act, and of this amendment strikes out the provision allowities of a collector, the fees and emoluments the several laws by it extended to the territory ing the President to grant exclusive privi. of a collector accruing at the port where each and the waters thereof, committed within the leges ? surveyor is stationed. And in that case the limits of the same, are to be prosecuted in any Mr. CHANDLER. Yes, sir; the whole or collector of the district is not to be entitled to district court of the United States in Califor- that is stricken out, and this provision is put the same; but the entire compensation of any nia or Oregon, or in the district courts of in about fur-bearing animals. such surveyor is not to exceed $3,000 per an- Washington, and the collector and deputy col. Mr. STEWART. May they not construe num, or a proportionate sum for a less period. lectors appointed by virtue of this act, and any this provision as enabling them to give such The Secretary of the Treasury is by the fourth | person authorized in writing by either of them, | privileges ? section authorized to make and prescribe such or by the Secretary of the Treasury, is to have Mr. CHANDLER. This section provides regulations as he may deem expedient for the power to arrest persons and seize vessels and that until Congress shall pass a law regulating nationalization of all vessels owned by actual merchandise liable to fines, penalties, or for- the matter, the Secretary of the Treasury, with residents of the ceded territory on and since feitures under this and the other laws, and to the approval of the President, may make such the 20th day of June, 1867, and which shall keep and deliver over the same to the marshal regulations as may be deemed necessary, continue to have been so owned up to the date of some one of those courts, which are to have Mr. STEWART. Why not add " but shall of such nationalization,
original jurisdiction and may take cognizance grant no special privileges ?"} The President is to have power, by the fifth of all cases arising under this act and the sey- Mr. CHANDLER. You may put that in if section, to restrict and regulate or to prohibit || eral laws by it extended over the territory so
you please. the importation and use of fire-arms, ammu- ceded to the United States by the emperor of
Mr. STEWART. I move to amend the nition, and distilled spirits into the territory ; || Russia, and shall proceed therein in the same amendment by adding: and the exportation of the same from any other manner and with the like effect as if such cases
Provided. That no special privileges shall begranted port or place in the United States when des- | had arisen within the district or territory where tined to any port or place in that territory; || the proceedings shall be brought. According Mr. POMEROY. I suppose the Secretary and all such arms, ammunition, and distilled to the ninth section, in all cases of fine, penalty, of the Treasury will have to give the privilege spirits, exported or attempted to be exported or forfeiture, mentioned and embraced in the to somebody temporarily until Congress passes from any port or place in the United States act entitled an act to provide for mitigating or a law on the subject. If he gives the privilege and destined for such territory, in violation of remitting the forfeitures, penalties, and dis- to everybody it will be no privilege at all. any regulations that may be thus prescribed ; || abilities accruing in certain cases thereiu men- Mr. CHANDLER. Congress will by law and all such arms, ammunition, and distilled | tioned, or mentioned in any act in addition or regulate the matter at the next sesson. spirits, landed or attempted to be landed or amendatory of that act, that have occurred or Mr. STEWART. If the amendment be used at any port or place in that territory, in may occur in that collection district of Alaska, made he will not give a special privilege to violation of those regulations, are to be for- | the Secretary of the Treasury is authorized it, | anybody, but he may make regulations against feited ; and if the value of the same shall ex- in his opinion, the fine, penalty, or forfeiture || killing that will leave it open. There is a comceed $400, the vessel upon which the same was incurred without willfulnegligence orinten- pany now organized at San Francisco who are shall be found, or from which they sball have tion of fraud, to ascertain the facts in such the successors of the Russian company. They been landed, together with her tacl le,
manner and under such regulations as he may were very desirous of having special privileges. and furniture, and cargo, are to be forfeited; deem
proper without regard to the provisions That company is a very worthy company, and and any person willfully violating such regula. || of the act referred to, and upon the facts so to would probably protect the animals as well as tions is, on conviction, to be fined in any sum be ascertained he may exercise all the power any other. I think, however, there ought to 1 not exceeding $500, or imprisoned not more of remission conferred upon him by that act be a provision that no exclusive privilege shall be than six months. And bonds may be required as fully as he might have done had the facts be granted to anybody. for a faithful observance of such regulations been ascertained under and according to the Mr. CHANDLER. I do not object. The from the master or owners of any vessel de- || provisions of the act.
whole measure is a temporary thing. parting from any port in the United States The tenth section provides that bonded Mr. COLE. I realize the necessity, because having on board fire-arms, ammunition, or dis- warehouses may be established under the pro- it is very great, of affording some protection 1 tilled spirits, when such vessel is destined to visions of the warehousing laws, if authorized to these animals. The Russian Government, RO
under this act.