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5. Arithmetic.

BOY-WRITERS :

1. Handwriting.
2. Orthography.

Optional.

6. Examinations for the purpose of testing the qualifications of candidates in the above-mentioned subjects will be held by the Civil Service Commissioners from time to time as may be necessary, and a certain number, regulated by the probable demand from the Public Departments, of those who display the requisite amount of proficiency will be placed upon the register kept by the Commissioners.

7. The fee payable by persons attending these examinations will be 5s. for each person in Class (a) and 2s. 6d. for each person in Class (6).

8. Writers placed upon the register will be eligible for employment in any Department. They will be summoned for employment when and for such time as their services may be needed, the order in which they may be employed, and the Departments to which they may be assigned, being determined on each occasion by the Civil Service Commissioners.

9. The engagement of all writers not engaged for a shorter period will be by the week. Writers may also be engaged by the day or the hour, as may be found advisable. Boy-writers will not be retained as such after they shall have reached the age of 19.

10. The pay of men-writers engaged by time will be at the rate of 10d. per hour. No greater number of hours than those constituting an official day in each Department may be charged for without previous authority from the chiefs of the Department. Those engaged by the piece will be paid at the rate of 1d. for every 100 words well and correctly copied, or at such other rates for special kinds of work as may be determined by the Civil Service Commissioners with the approval of the Commissioners of the Treasury.

11. No service, however much it may happen to be prolonged, will confer any claim to superannuation or compensation allowance.

12. The remuneration of boy-writers engaged by time will be at the rate of 4d. per hour, an addition of d. per hour being allowable by the Civil Service Commissioners at the end of each year of approved service. Should any boy-writers be engaged by the piece they will be paid at such rates as may be fixed by the Civil Service Commissioners with the approval of the Lords Commissioners of the Treasury.

13. When a writer has a week's pay to receive he shall lose no part of it for days on which the office is shut for public holidays. With this exception writers will only receive pay for the hours or parts of hours during which they actually attend.

14. No person who has been trained, either wholly or partially, at the public expense for the occupation of a teacher in schools in connexion with the Committee of Council for Education or the Board of National Education, Ireland, is eligible for employment as a writer, unless he shall have first obtained the consent of the Treasury.

For the regulations now in force respecting Temporary Writers see page 43.

At the Court at Osborne House, Isle of Wight, the 9th day of
August, 1872.

PRESENT:

THE QUEEN'S MOST EXCELLENT MAJESTY IN COUNCIL. WHEREAS it is expedient to amend the Order in Council, dated the 19th day of August 1871, relating to writers in the Civil Service :

Now, therefore, Her Majesty, by and with the advice of Her Privy Council, doth order, and it is hereby ordered as follows,

viz. :

That where the words "4th June 1870" occur in the third clause of the said Order, the words "19th August 1871 " be substituted instead thereof.

ORDER IN
COUNCIL.

9 Aug. 1872.

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The following Treasury Minutes referring to the Order in Council of 19th August 1871 have been issued:

Treasury, 27th June 1872. My Lords advert to an order of Her Majesty in Council, dated 19th August 1871, whereby it was ordered, among other things,

1. That no temporary writer should be attached thenceforth to any establishment of Her Majesty's Civil Service, except in conformity with certain regulations to the order now in recital annexed, or with such further regulations as the said Civil Service Commissioners might, with the concurrence of the Lords Commissioners of the Treasury, issue in execution of their powers in that behalf.

2. That a week's notice which might, at the discretion of the chief of the department, be extended to a month's notice, should be given to all acting writers (except such as fell within the terms of clause 3 of the order now in recital) who should not be willing to continue their service upon the terms of the regulations thereto appended.

3. That temporary writers theretofore certificated by the Civil Service Commissioners for service in any particular department, and temporary writers at the date of the order now in recital borne upon the register of the Civil Service Commissioners, who had been respectively serving in the same department continuously from a date preceding 4th June 1870, should be excepted from clause 2, and be retained, but only so long as their services were required in the same department at the salary or wages, and on the other terms, which they were actually receiving and were actually subject to on 4th June 1870, without any addition thereto or alteration therein on account of service following that date.

My Lords take notice that many temporary writers were serving in Her Majesty's civil establishments on 4th June 1870, upon terms which included certain annual increments of their wages up to a maximum according to their efficiency and good conduct, and also included certain provisions for terminating their service should it be no longer required. My Lords further advert to various communications showing that the said last-mentioned writers had, up to the date of the herein-before

TREASURY
MINUTE.

27 June 1872.

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TREASURY
MINUTE.

recited Order in Council of 19th August 1871, generally, although erroneously, construed the said terms to mean that (with the exception 27 June 1872. of misconduct) the same writers should be retained in employment on

their then terms, as long as work of the kind which they had been engaged to do required to be done in the departments where they were employed.

TREASURY
MINUTE.
10 Sept. 1872.

My Lords hold that in order to maintain clearly a distinction between temporary writers and persons serving in an established capacity in the permanent civil service of the state, it was absolutely necessary to substitute such terms as those in the said Order in Council of the 19th August 1871, for the terms which included progressive wages, but, in order to compensate the existing writers, as far as is reasonable, for any disappointment which this alteration in the terms of temporary service may have occasioned to them, my Lords are pleased to direct as follows:

Every temporary writer, under whatever name, who was on the 4th June 1870 employed in any of Her Majesty's civil establishments, and was engaged upon terms which included progressive wages, shall (subject to the provision by Parliament of the necessary funds) be allowed his choice of the following alternatives :—

(A.) Either to continue in his employment upon the terms laid down in clause 3 of the Order in Council of 19th August 1871; or,

(B.) To retire, receiving a gratuity upon the scale of a pension commuted at five years' purchase under section 7 of the Superannuation Act of 1859, as applied by the Treasury Minute of 14th June 1859.*

Those writers who may elect to receive the gratuities will be eligible for re-employment as writers on the ordinary scale under the regulations contained in the schedule to the Order in Council of 19th August 1871.

10th September 1872.

The Chancellor of the Exchequer submits to the Board that in order to secure that uniform effect be given to the Order in Council of 9th August 1872, on the subject of writers, intimation should be conveyed to the chiefs of departments that the Order in question contemplates

(a.) The payment to every writer to whom it applies of the difference between his actual receipts up to the 9th August 1872, and what his receipts would have been had no alteration been made in his old scale, including his increments before 19th August 1871; and,

*Extract from Treasury Minute of 14th June 1859-"With respect to cases of "abolition of office which may arise under clause 7 of 22 Vict. cap. 26, to persons "who shall have served 20 years and upwards, a period of 10 years shall be added "to their actual service in computing their retiring allowance under the circum"stances described in the clause in question.

"To persons who shall have served under 20 years, and not less than 15 years, a "period of seven years shall be added.

"To persons who shall have served under 15 years, and not less than 10, a period "of five years shall be added.

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"To persons who shall have served under 10 years, and not less than five, a period of three years shall be added.

"To persons who shall have served less than five years an allowance shall be "awarded calculated at the rate on one sixtieth for each year of service, "with an addition of one year or one sixtieth.

"In consideration, however, of the very small allowances which would frequently "have to be granted in these latter cases, my Lords will commute "such annual allowances for fixed payments calculated at five years purchase.”

..

(b.) That he be paid from 9th August 1872, inclusive, at the rate to which his old scale, including his increments, would have brought him on the 19th August 1871, had no change been made in it upon that date.

My Lords approve.

Let a copy of this minute be sent to the heads of the various public departments, in order that they may give effect to the Order in Council in the manner explained above.

13th September 1872.

TREASURY
MINUTE.

10 Sept. 1872.

TREASURY
MINUTE.

The Lords Commissioners of Her Majesty's Treasury have received several applications from writers to be promoted, as vacancies occur, to the establishment of the department in which they have been serving, 13 Sept. 1872. and such applicants have referred my Lords to the reply given by the Chancellor of the Exchequer to a question put by Mr. Otway in the House of Commons, on the 4th of August, relative to the position of writers employed in public departments.

Their Lordships learn from the Chancellor of the Exchequer that the statement alluded to in your report was of a much more limited character than the applicants, reference to it assumes.

The Chancellor of the Exchequer was not speaking of any general system whereby temporary writers were, as vacancies occur, to be converted into members of the permanent Civil Service, but of a particular class of cases, incident to periods of transition, where the work assigned to writers is discovered to be such as ought to be given to established clerks, and where writers, who have been doing it for some time in a satisfactory manner, are recommended by the heads of departments as fit for the clerkships which are to be created, and are able and willing to pass for admission into them a suitable test examination.

In all cases where either the department is included in Schedule A. of the Order in Council of 4th June 1870, or (as must generally be the case) the writer is over the age fixed for admission into the service, the Lords of the Treasury, supposing them to have consented to the increase of establishment, must further be applied to for their consent to the application of Clause VII. of the same Order to such cases.

Before giving such consent my Lords would look to see what reason any writer so recommended had had to expect any such advancement, and they would not be disposed to suspend the ordinary rules of admission into the department in favour of any writer who, besides satisfying the conditions stated above, had not also something to plead in the way of expectations either held out to him in express terms, or created and encouraged by the receipt of progressive wages. It would obviously be out of the question for the Government to withdraw from the public any portion of those offices which are now open to competition, to the great promotion of education and improvement of the Civil Service.

The Chancellor of the Exchequer was speaking of writers engaged on terms which are no longer continued, and of the means which occasional changes in the organization of departments offer of relieving such men.

It is evident that such a statement as this does not warrant individual writers in making application for promotion to vacancies, but is only an intimation to the heads of departments that whenever a writership has to be converted into a clerkship, there is an opportunity of considering the writer who occupies the post if at the time when he began to serve in the department the then existing rules were more in his favour than

now.

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