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ond assistant's notes exceed the first, so much does the ground descend ; and so much as the second assistant's notes are less than the first, so much does the ground rise. In the preceding example the assistant's notes are

as follows.

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Second assistant's notes exceed the first by 6 inches ; of course the ground is 6 inches lower at E, than at F, and water will run.

MONIES OF THE KNOWN WORLD.

The following tables exhibit to view the money of the known world, both real and imaginary, with the value of the same in the currency of the United States, estimated on the principle of allowing one pound sterling, to be equal to $4:44 cents in the United States.

Note.-The author is principally indebted to the Sarr MASTER's Daily ASSISTANT for these valuable extracts; and he has made no alteration from the tables in that book, excepting he has caried out the value of each piece of inoney in dolTars, cents and mills, instead of carrying them out in pounds, its sterling.

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Northern parts of Europe.
ENGLAND.-London, Bristol, Edinburgh, &c.

D. cts. n. *4 farthings equal *1 penny equal 0·01.8

*1 shilling

•22:2 12 pence 20 shillings

*1 pound

4.44.0 5 shillings

1 crown

1.11.0

4.66.2

1 guinea 21 shillings

1 groat

07.4 4 pence

half a shil." •11•1 6 pence

Isle of Man, Castletown, C. *4 farthings equal *1 penny equal 0.01:59

*1 shilling •19.0% 12 pence

*1 pound

3.80.615 20 shillings

1 shilling

•22:2 14 pence

1 crown

1•11•0 70 pence

1 guinea 4:16.2 24, shillings

IRELAND.-Dublin, Cork, Londonderry, &c. *4 farthings equal *1 penny equalo.0107

*1 shilling 20.471 20 shillings : *1. pound Irish" 4.09.71

•22.2

1 shilling 13 pence

1 crown

1•11 65 pence

46 4-66.2

1 guinea 221 shillings

FLANDERS:Ghent, Otstend, Antwerp, &c. *8 pennings equal

1 grot.

equal 0.00 81

01.675

1 petard 2. grots

•09.95

*1 scalin 6 petards

*1 florin

•33•3. 40 grots

5

i ducat 2.05:34 174 scalins 210 grots

*1 pound flemish 1.99.8

12 pence

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Note.-This mark (*) is fixed to imaginary moneylor money of account.

Northern parts of Europe.

*1 grot

2 grots

HOLLAND.-Amsterdam, Rotterdam, üc.

D. cts. m. *8 pennings equal

equal 0.00.997 1 stiver

01.97

is 6 stivers

1 scalin

•11•676 20 stivers

1 guilder •38.8 50 stivers

1 rix dollar "

.96.6% 105 stiver's

1 dueat

2.05.3 60 stivers

1 dry guilder 1:16:53 6 guilders

*1 pound fleinish 2.33.1 GERMANY.-Hamburgh, Altena, Lubeck, Bremen, &c. 2 trylings equal

*1 sexling equal 0.00-0157 2 sexlings

1 fenning

.00.1% 2 12 fennings

1 shilling lubs

•02:01: 16 shillings

*1 mark

33•3 2 marks

1 slet dollar «

.66.6 3 marks

1 rix dollar “

•99.9 64 marks

1 ducat

2.08.15 120 shillings

1 pound flemish2-55.3 Hanover, Zell, Lunenburgh, &c. 3 fennings equal

1 dreyer equal 0.00•87 marrien

·02.11n 1 grosh

•03:25

•25.9 1 half goulder

•51.8 I gulden

.77:7 2.03•5

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8 fennings 12 fennings

8 groshen 16 groshen 24 groshen 4 guidens

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*1 rix dollar "

1 ducat
Saxony, Holstein, Dresden, Leipsic, &c.
equal

1 fenning equal 0.00-297
1 dreyer

.00.82 1 marien

*02:1, 1 grosh i gould

•51.8 *1 rix dollar « •7707 1 specie dol.“ 1.03.6 1 ducat

2.07.2

2 hellers 6 hellers 16 hellers 12 fennings 16 groshen 24 groshen 32 groshen 4 goulds

03.23

.

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Northern parts of Europe.
GERMANY.-Brandenburg, Berlin, Pomerania, Stetten,

D.cts.in. *9 deniers equal

1 polchen equal 0.00.42% 18 deniers

1 grosh

.00.81. 3 polchens

1 abrass

•01:23 20 groshen

*1 mark

•17.2 30 groshen

1 floren

•25.9 90 groshen

*1 rix dol.

• 77.7 108 groshen

1 albertus

92.5 8 florens

1 ducat

2.07.2 Cologne, Mentz, Munich, Munster, &c. 3 dutes

equal

1 cruitzer equal 0:00:41 2 cruitzers

1 albus

.00.97 8 dutes

1 stiver

:00:17 3 stivers

1 plapert

.-03.87 4 plaperts

1 copstuck“ • 15:41 40 stivers

1 guilder

51.8 2 guilders

1 hard dol. “ 1.03.6 La guilders

1 ducat

2.05.3 Bohemia, Silesia, Hungary, Prague, &c. 2 fenings

1 dreyer equal 0.00-17 S fenings

1 grosh

·00618 4 fenings

1 cruitzer ·00.81% 2 cruitzers

1 white grosh” 017-18 60 cruitzers

1 gould

51.8 90 cruitzers

*1 rix dollar 2 goulds

1 hard dollar

1.03.6 4 goulds

1 ducat " 2007:2 Austria, Swabia, Vienna, Trieste, &c, 3 fenings

equal 1 dreyer equal 0.00:47 4 fenings

1 cruitzer .00.87 14 fenings

1 grosh

.024 4 cruitzers

1 batzen

*03.31 15 batzens

1 gould

51.8 90 cruitzers

1 rix dollar

•77.7 30 batzens

1 specie doll.“ 1.03.6 69 batzens

1 ducat

2.07.2

equal

•77.7

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Northern parts of Europe.
Pranconia, Frankfort, Nuremberg, &c.

D.cts. 4 fenings equal 1 cruitzer equal 0.00.87 3 cruitzers

i keyser grosh" •02.576 4 cruitzers

i batzen

•03:43 15 cruitzers

i ort gould 12.94 60 cruitzers

i gould

51.8 90 cruitzers

1 rix dollar •7707 2 goulds

i hard doll. 1.03•6 240 cruitzers

i ducat

2.07.2 POLAND & PRUSSIA.-Cracow, Warsaw, Koninsberg, &c. 3 shelons equal I grosh equal 0.00.8 5 groshen

I coustic

04.61 3 coustics

I tinse

•12.91 18 groshen

I ort

•15.53 30 groshen

I florin

•259 90 groshen *I rix-doll.

•77.7 8 florins

I ducat

2.03•5 5. rix doll.

I fredicd'or 3.77.4 LIVONIA.Riga, Revel, Narva, &c. 6 blackens equal

1. grosh equal 0.00 838 9. blackens

I vorden

.01.218 2: groshen

I whiten

01.7 6 groshen

05.13

I marc 20 groshen

I florin

•25.9 *1 rix-doll.

•7707 I albertus

92.5 64. whittens

I. copper pl. dol. 1.11.0 DENMARK & NORWAY, Copenhagen, Berghen, &'c. equal 1. druggen equal 0.06•27

4

6:

30 groshen 108 groshen

•16.61 I rix-marc

20.8% I rix-ort

.24.9 I crown

.66.6 Irix-doll.

99.9 I ducat

1.83.21 I hat-ducat 6 2.33.12

I':marc

6 skillings 16 skillings 20 skillings 24 skillings 4 marcs 6 marcs 11 marcs 14 marcs

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