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Eramples, L.yrs.mo. w. d. h. s. Lryrs. mo. d. h. 123 11 0 6 23 59 59 12 12 27 23 59 59 123 11 1 4 21 20 40 19 9 4 11 12 11 191 12' 3 2 11 12 10 21 4 6 1 10 9 25111 - 1 2 10 10 9 41 2 4 6 9 40

691

7 3 2 18 12 58

95

2 14 18 31

59

Practical Questions in Time. 1. Add together 12 years, 6 mo. 3 w. 6 d. 23 h. 12 m. 12 s. ; 49 years, 5 mo. 2 w. 4 d. 12 h. 9 m.; 1 year, '9'mo. 1' w. d. 1 h. 6 mi

Ans. 63 yrs. 8 mo. 3 w. 5 d. 12 h. 27 m. 12 s. 2. Add 21 yrs. 9 mo. 6 d.; 31 yrs. 6 mio. 21 d.; 6 yrs, 4 mo. 9 d.; and 12 yrs. 7 mo. 10 d. together.

Ans. 72 yrs. 1 mo. 18. d.

COMPOUND SUBTRACTION. DEFINITION.-Compound Subtraction teaches to find the difference between a larger and a smaller number, which have several denominations.

RULE.-Write down the largest of the two numbers, and under it write down the smallest ; obserying to place every denomination under that of the same name ; dollars under dollars, &c. ; begin 10 subtract in the lowest denomination, take the lower from the upper line ; if any particular figure in the lower line in any of the denominations, is larger than the one over it, subtract the lower. figure from the number that it takes of this, to make one of the next higher denomination ; and to the remainder add the top figure, and set the sum down, and carry one to the next denomination; proceed thus through all the denominations.

PROOF.--Add together the remainder and lower line, carry as in Compound Addition; the sum will be like the upper line if the work is right.

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Practical Questions in American Money.

1. A man lent 3 E. 3 dolls. 3 d. 3 c.; and received 2 E. 2 dolls. 99 cts. and 9 mills ; How much remains due ?

Ans. 10 dolls. 33 cts. 1 m. 2. A man had an estate valued at 3505 dolls. 6 d. 3 cts. 2 m.; he had three sons, to each of whom he gave 504 dolls. 5 cts. 2 m.; he also gave to two daughters, 75 dolls.-75 cts. each; What had he left?

Ans. 1841 dolls. 97 cts. 6 m. 3. A man was worth 9472 dolls. 65 cts. ; by a misfortune at sea, he lost 4549 dolls. 75 cts ; what was he worth after he sustained the loss ?

Ans. 4922 dolls. 90 cts.

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Practical Questions in Troy Weight. 1. A person had a basin which weighed 8 lb. 10 oz. ; It being melted in part; it then was weighed again, and its weight was 2 lb. 11 oz. 7 pwt. 4 grs. ; what was melted off? Ans. 10 oz. 12 pwt. 20 grs.

2. A silver smith had 21 lbs. 9 oz. of silver ; he refined it by melting, and then weighed it, and its weight was 15 lb. 10 oz. 11 pwt. 19. grs. ; what was lost by melting? Ans. 5 lb. 10 oz. 8 pwt. 5 grs.

3. How much silver must be given in exchanging a silver plate for a platter; the weight of the platter being 2 lb. 10 oz. ; and the weight of the plate 1 lb. 4 oz. 7 pwt. ? Ans. 1 lb. 5 oz. 13 pwt.

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Practical Questions in Avoirdupois Weight.

1. A certain vessel was freighted with 22 tons, 13 cwt. 1 qr. of iron ; in a storm she was lighted by throwing a part of the cargo overboard; on her arrival at port her cargo weighed but 15 T. O cwt. 1 qr. ; I demand the quantity lost.

Ans. 7 T. 13 cwt. 2. A merchant had 31 cwt. 2 qr. 21 lb, of sugar; he sold to A. l) cwt. 1 qr.; and to B. 15 cwt. 2 qrs. 17 Ib. ; what had he left ? Ans, 4.cwt. 3 qr. 4 lb. 3. A merchant had i T. 3 qr, 27 lb. of sugar,

it was all stolen but I cwt. 1 qr. 8. Ib. ; I demand the quantity stolen.

Ans. 19. cwt, 2 gr. 19 lb. 4. I bought 27 cwt. 2 qr. 19 lb. of flour, and sold 19. cmt. 3 qr, 27 lb. ; what remained on hand ?

Anse 7 cwt. 2 qrs. 20 lb.

APOTHECARIES' WEIGHT, 10. 03. dr. sc. grs.

Ib. 08. dr. sc. grs. 14. 10 6 2 19

123 6 1 1 19 6 11 7 1 16

94 11 6 2 17

3

10 7 1

28

2

6 2 2

Practical Questions. d. An Apothecary had 12 lb. 6 oz. 2 dr. of medicine in a certain vessel ; by accident it was broken, and there remained in a broken peice of it, 8 lb. 11 oz. 7 dr. 1 sc. 13 grs.; I demand the quantity lost?

Ans, 3 lb. 6 oz, 2 dr. 1 sc. 7 grs. 2. What remains after taking 19. lb. 6 oz, 3 dr. ; from 26 lb, 7 oz. 7 dr?

Ans. 7 lb. 1 oz. 4dr, 3. What is the difference between 1 19 pounds, 6 oun: ces; and 111 pounds, 11 ounces? Ans. 7 lb. 7 oz.

LONG MEASURE. Deg. mi. fur. rds. ft. in. bar, M. fur. rds. ft. in. bar. 27 59 6.30 15 11 2 224 3 21

1 1 9 27 7 35 13 9 2 95 6 32

14 9

2

13

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Practical Questions in Long Measure. 1. Subtract 24 mi. 3 fur. 26 rds.; from 26 mi. and shew the difference.

Ans, i mi. 4 fur. 14 rds. 2. Express the difference between 200 mi. 6. fur. 29 rds.; and 150 mi. 7. fur. 2 rdg. 4 yąs. 2 ft. I bar.

Ans. 49 mi. 7 fur. 26 rds, 01 yds. O ft. ] 1 in. 2 bar. 3. Express the difference between 7 lea, 2 mi. 6 fur. 27 rods; and 5 lea. I mi, 7 fur. 30 rods.

Ans. 2 lea. O mi. 6 fur. 37 rds. 4. A man agreed with another to go 51 miles, 4 furlongs; and he went 60 miles, 3 furlongs, how much further did he go-than he agreed to ?

Ans. & miles, 6 fur.

LAND, OR SQUARE MEASURE.
Acres roods rds. ft. Acres roods rds, ft. in.
126 - 1 39 16 2456 1 12 10 11
112 3, 30 14 1367 2

22

9 7 13 2 9 2

1088 2 30 1

Practical Questions in Square Measure. 1. A man's farm contained 246 acres, 1 rood, Z rods ; he sold to: A. 27 acres, 2 roods, l rod ; to B, 39 acres, 39 rods; and to C. 50 acres, 2 roods; how much had he left ?

Ans. 129 acres. 7 rods. 2. A man had 700 acres of land ; and he had four sons; to the oldest he gave 60 acres 2 roods; and to the second, third and fourth, he gave half as much to each as he did to the first; how much had he left?

Ans. 548 acres, 3 roods. 3, A man had 3472 feet 142 inches of boards, he sold 1249 feet 126 inches ; what had he left?

Ans. 2223 feet, 16 inches.

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Practical Questions in Wine Measure. 1. A wine seller bought 22 hhds. 54 gal. of wine; he sold 12 hhds. 60 gal, ; I demand the quantity unsold.

Ans. 9 hhds. 57 gal. 2. A. bought 247 gal. 3 qts. 1 pt. of rum; and he sold-from it 198 gal. 2 qts. ; how much had he left?

Ans. 49 gal, 1 qt. 1 pt. 3. I demand the difference between 3 pipes, 1 hhd. 54 gal: ; and 1 pipe, I hhd. 61 gal.

Ans. 1 pipe, 1 hhd. 56 gal.

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