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ANCIENT AND MODERN,
BIRTH OF CHRIST, TO THE BEGINNING OF THE PRESENT CENTURY.
THE RISE, PROGRESS, AND VARIATIONS OF
ARE CONSIDERED IN THEIR CONNECTION WITH THE STATE OF
LEARNING AND PHILOSOPHY,
POLITICAL HISTORY OF EUROPE DURING THAT PERIOD.
BY THE LATE
LEARNED, JOHN LAWRENCE MOSHEIM, D. D.
And Chancellor of the University of Gottingen.
TRANSLATED FROM THE ORIGINAL LATIN, AND ACCOMPANIED WITH NOTES
AND CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES.
THE TWELFTH CENTURY.
EXTERNAL HISTORY OF THE CHURCH,
CONCERNING THE PROSPEROUS EVENTS THAT HAPPENED TO THE
CHURCH DURING THIS CENTURY.
1. A CONSIDERABLE part of Europe lay yet involved CENT. XIL in pagan darkness, which reigned more especially in the northern provinces. It was therefore in Several of the these regions of gloomy superstition, that the zeal inces received of the missionaries was principally exerted in this gospel. century ; though their efforts were not all equally successful, nor the methods they employed for the propagation of the gospel equally prudent. Boles. laus, duke of Poland, having conquered the Pomeranians, offered them peace upon condition that they would receive the christian doctors, and per. mit them to exercise their ministry in that van. quished province. This condition was accepted, and Otho, bishop of Bamberg, a man of eminent piety and zeal, was sent, in the year 1124, to inculcate and explain the doctrines of Christianity among that superstitious and barbarous people. Many were converted to the faith by his ministry, while great numbers stood firm against his most vigorous efforts, and persisted with an invincible obstinacy in the religion of their idolatrous ancestors. Nor was this the only mortification which