Hegel and the Freedom of Moderns

Εξώφυλλο
Duke University Press, 18 Αυγ 2004 - 378 σελίδες
Available in English for the first time, Hegel and the Freedom of Moderns revives discussion of the major political and philosophical tenets underlying contemporary liberalism through a revolutionary interpretation of G. W. F. Hegel’s thought. Domenico Losurdo, one of the world’s leading Hegelians, reveals that the philosopher was fully engaged with the political controversies of his time. In so doing, he shows how the issues addressed by Hegel in the nineteenth century resonate with many of the central political concerns of today, among them questions of community, nation, liberalism, and freedom. Based on an examination of Hegel’s entire corpus—including manuscripts, lecture notes, different versions of texts, and letters—Losurdo locates the philosopher’s works within the historical contexts and political situations in which they were composed.

Hegel and the Freedom of Moderns persuasively argues that the tug of war between “conservative” and “liberal” interpretations of Hegel has obscured and distorted the most important aspects of his political thought. Losurdo unravels this misleading dualism and provides an illuminating discussion of the relation between Hegel’s political philosophy and the thinking of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. He also discusses Hegel’s ideas in relation to the pertinent writings of other major figures of modern political philosophy such as Jean-Jacques Rousseau, John Locke, Edmund Burke, John Stuart Mill, Jeremy Bentham, Karl Popper, Norberto Bobbio, and Friedrich Hayek.

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Περιεχόμενα

Searching for the Authentic Hegel
3
Reason and Actuality
32
Contractualism and the Modern State
53
The Celebration of Nature and the Ideology of Reactionism
60
Conservative or Liberal? A False Dilemma
71
State and Individual
78
The Right of Extreme Need and Individual Rights
87
Two Opposing Interpretations
96
School Stability and Social Mobility
215
Professions and the Division of Labor
220
Schelling Schopenhauer and Nietzsche
222
Moral Tension and the Primacy of Politics
225
Inconclusiveness and Narcissism in MoralReligious Precepts
226
Modern World and the Restriction of the Moral Sphere
228
Hegel and Kant
230
Hegel Schleiermacher and the Liberal Tradition
231

Revolution According to the Liberal Tradition
103
Monarchy and Republic III
111
Hegel England and the Liberal Tradition
118
The Intellectual Property and the Social Question
124
Institutions and the Social Question
131
Intellectuals and PropertyOwners
138
A Banausic Plebeian Hegel?
145
VIL Right Violence and Notrecht
153
The Contradictions of Modern Economic Development
157
Locke Fichte and Hegel
160
Negative Judgment Negatively Infinite Judgment and Rebellion
163
Notrecht Ancien Régime and Modernity
166
The Starving Man and the Slave
169
Ius Necessitatis Ius Resistentiae Notrecht
171
The Conflicts of Right with Moral Intention and Extreme Need
172
An Unsolved Problem
177
Rousseau Hegel and the Liberal Tradition
180
Cynics Monks Quakers Anabaptists and Sansculottes
181
Rousseau the Poor Peoples Grudge and Jacobinism
183
Politics and Economics in Rousseau and Hegel
186
The Social Question and Taxation
189
State Contract and JointStock Company
193
Christianity Human Rights and the Community of Citoyens
195
The Liberal Tradition and Criticism of Rousseau and Hegel
199
Defense of the Individual and Criticism of Liberalism
200
Sol School Division of Labor and Modern Mans Freedom
204
Compulsory Education and Freedom of Conscience
206
School State Church and Family
210
The Rights of Children
213
Hegel Burke and NeoAristotelian Conservatism
234
Hegel Aristotle and the Rejection of Solipsistic Escape
237
The French Revolution and the Celebration of Ethicality
238
Morality Ethicality and Modern Freedom
241
Hegels Ethical Model and Contemporary Actuality
243
Legitimacy of the Modern and Rationality of the Actual
246
Rejection of Modernity Cult of Heroes and AntiHegelian Polemic
247
Kant Kleist Schopenhauer and Nietzsche
250
Modernity and the Uneasiness of the Liberal Tradition
253
Philistinism Statism and Modern Standardization
256
The Rationality of the Actual and the Difficult Balance between Legitimation and Criticism of Modernity
260
FOUR The Western World Liberalism and the Interpretation of Hegels Thought
265
The Second Thirty Years War and the Philosophical Crusade against Germany
267
The Great Western Purge
268
The Transformation of the Liberal Western World
272
An Imaginary Western World an Imaginary Germany
276
Hegel Faces the Western Tribunal
279
Ilting and the Liberal Rehabilitation of Hegel
282
Lukács and the Burden of National Stereotypes
286
Liberalism Conservatism the French Revolution and Classic German Philosophy
290
The English Origins of German Conservatism
292
A Selective Anglophilia
296
Tracing the Origins of Social Darwinism and Fascist Ideology
297
Beyond National Stereotypes
299
Burke and the History of European Liberalism
300
Burkes School of Thought and Classic German Philosophy
302
Hegel and the Legacy of the French Revolution
304
Bibliography
355
Index
369

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Domenico Losurdo is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Urbino and President of the International Hegel-Marx Society for Dialectical Thought. He is the author of numerous books in Italian.

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