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Cheerfulness.-Cause of low spirits.- A home.

the eyes, coughs, consumptions, and sometimes fevers. A headache is often cured by sitting with the feet long near a fire. Keeping the feet warm and dry alleviates the common affections of the eyes, repels a coming fever, prevents or quiets coughs, and serves as one of the surest safeguards against consumption. Many of our most sensible physicians trace the prevalence of consumption in northern states, not to our climate, but to the almost universal custom of wearing insufficient clothing, especially on the feet.

“ There is another subject intimately connected with health, which has been alluded to, but which ought, from its importance, to receive more than a passing remark. It is cheerfulness. This should be one of the ends and measures of health. It ought to be considered the natural condition of a healthy mind; he who is not cheerful is not in health. If he has not some manifest moral cause of melancholy, there must be something wrong in the body, or in the action of the powers of the mind.

“ A common cause of low spirits in a teacher, is anxiety in regard to the well-doing of his pupils. This he must feel ; but he must endeavor, as far as possible, to banish it from his hours of relaxation. He must leave it behind him when he turns from the schoolhouse door. To prevent its haunting him, he must seek pleasant society. He must forget it among the endearments of home, the cheerful faces and kind voices of friends. This is the best of all resources, and happy is the man who has a pleasant home, in the bosom of

.

Sociality.-Music.- A pernicious habit.

which he may rest from labor and from care. If he be among strangers, he must endeavor to find or make friends to supply the place of home. He must seek the company of the parents and friends of his pupils, not only that he may not be oppressed by the loneliness of his situation, but that he may better understand the character of his pupils, and the influences to which they are subjected. The exercise of the social affections is essential to the healthy condition of a well-constituted mind. Often he will find good friends and pleasant companions among his pupils. Difference of years disappears before kindliness of feeling, and sympathy may exist between those most remote in age, and pursuit, and cultivation.

*

A delightful, but somewhat dangerous recreation is offered by music ; delightful, as always soothing to the wearied mind; but dangerous, because liable to take to itself too much time. It would be desirable if every instructor could himself sing or play. If he cannot, let him listen to songs or cheerful music from voice or instrument, or to the notes of birds.

"I'm sick of noise and care, and now mine ear

Longs for some air of peace.'”

To the foregoing excellent remarks, I could scarcely wish to add any thing, save to call attention to that pernicious habit among both clergymen and teachers, of dressing the neck too warmly whenever they go into the

“Comforter."-Bronchitis.

open air. There seems to have obtained an impression that those who have occasion to speak often, should be peculiarly careful to guard their throats from the cold. Hence many are seen in a winter's day with a collar of fur, or a woollen “comforter," or at least a silk handkerchief of extraordinary dimensions, around their necks, and often extending above their mouths and nostrils. If they have occasion to step out but for a moment, they are still subject to the sla very of putting on this unnatural encumbrance.

Now I believe that this extra covering for the neck, instead of preventing disease of the throat and lungs, is one of the most fruitful sources of such disease. These parts being thus thickly covered during exercise, become very warm, and an excessive local perspiration is excited; and the dampness of the throat is much increased if the covering extends above the mouth and nose, thus precluding the escape of the exhalations from the lungs. When, therefore, this covering is removed, even within-doors, a very rapid evaporation takes place, and a severe cold is the consequence. In this way a cold is renewed every day, and hoarseness of the throat and irritation of the lungs is the necessary result. Very soon the clergyman or teacher breaks down with the bronchitis, or the “lung complaint,” and is obliged for a season at least to suspend his labors. This difficulty is very much enhanced, if the ordinary neck-dress is a stiff stock, which, standing off from the neck, allows the ingress of the cold air a: soon as the outer covering is removed.

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Experience.-Swaddling the neck.

Having suffered myself very severely from this cause, and having seen hundreds of cases in others, I was desirous to bear the testimony of my experience against the practice,-and to suggest to all who have occasion to speak long and often that the simplest covering for the neck is the best. A very light cravat is all that is necessary. If the ordinary cravat be too thick and too warm, as the large-sized white cravats, so fashionable with the clergy, usually are, during the exercise of speaking, an unnatural flow of blood to the parts will be induced, which, after the exercise ceases, will be followed by debility and prostration. A cold is then very readily taken and disease follows. I am confident, from my own experience and immediate observation, that this unnatural swaddling of the neck is one of the most fruitful causes of disease of the lungs and throat that can be mentioned.

Teaching a profession.-Low pay.-Its consequences.

CHAPTER XIII.

TEACHER'S RELATION TO HIS PROFESSION.

It has long been the opinion of the best minds in our country as well as in the most enlightened countries of Europe, that teaching should be a profession. It has been alleged, and with much justice, that this calling, which demands for its successful exercise the best of talents, the most, persevering energy, and the largest share of self-denial, has never attained an appreciation in the public mind at all commensurate with its importance. It has by no means received the emolument, either of money or honor, which strict justice would award in any other department to the talents and exertions required for this. This having been so long the condition of things, much of the best talent has been attracted at once to the other professions ; or if exercised awhile in this, the temptation of more lucrative reward, or of more speedy, if not more lasting honor, has soon diverted it from teaching, where so little of either can be realized, to engage in some other department of higher promise. So true is this, that scarcely a man can be found, having attained to any considerable eminence as a teacher, who has not been several times solicited—and perhaps strongly temptedto engage in

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