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Gold Ores; Eissler's Treatises on Gold, Silver, Silver Lead, and the Cyanide Process; Scheidel's Cyanide Process ; Hoffmann's Lead; Hixon's Lead and Copper Smelting; Peters' Modern Copper Smelting ; Lang's Matte Smelt. ing ; Howe's Iron and Steel; Lowthian Bell's Chemical Phenomena of the Blast Furnace; Rowan and Mill's Fuel ; Sexton's Fuel and Refractory Materials; Richards' Aluminium; and papers by various authors in the Trans. Am. Inst. Min. Engineers, Journal of the Iron and Steel Institute, Engineering and Mining Journal of New York, &c.

PRACTICAL CHEMISTRY. THE CHEMICAL AND METALLURGICAL LABORATORIES. The Chemical Laboratory was built in 1889. The building is a plain rectangular structure, about 170 feet long by 86 feet wide. A new Assay Laboratory, 55 by 44 feet, and a Milling and Leaching Room, 35 by 100 feet, will be ready for use in Lent Term, 1901. There are also open and covered yards for out-door operations.

The small lecture room will seat 120, and the larger one about 200 students.

The Junior Laboratory contains 40 benches, and the Senior Laboratory will take about 60 advanced students. There are also separate rooms for spectroscopic and gas analysis for photography and for research work respectively. A room is set apart for Chemical Collections, and for old forms of apparatus, &c., which may be of historical interest.

The building is provided with the electric light throughout the upper floor, and the gas engine for driving the dynamos is attached to shafting connected with the grinding machines, apparatus for the liquefaction of gases, and similar appliances necessary for a large laboratory. Leads are carried to convenient places in the laboratories, so that if necessary the full power of the dynamos may be used for experimental purposes.

Special efforts have been made to give the students the benefits of modern improvements and appliances, and particularly those which tend to save time ; draught cupboards, filter pumps, exhaust pipes, and similar conveniences are fitted to each bench. A number of larger hoods and draught cupboards for combustions, sulphuretted hydrogen gas, water baths, and ovens are also provided. There are three balance rooms, each 21 by 16 feet, provided with balances for different purposes, which, to prevent vibration, rest on slate benches, supported upon stone brackets.

The Metallurgical Laboratory contains 44 fusion and muffle assay furnaces, and an experimental reverberatory furnace with a bed 6 feet by 4 feet.

The plant for the concentration and treatment of metalliferous ores includes a set of stamps, Gates' rock breaker, Rogers' crushing rolls, Chilian mill, Carter's disintegrator; elevator; trommels, samplers, amalgamating plates and pans; a Frue vanner, plunger jigs, settling tanks, &c. Also vats and the necessary appliances for the extraction of gold and silver ores by chlorine, cyanide, hyposulphite, and other similar leaching processes.


This course consists of thirty exercises of three hours each.

1. Glass working.–Rounding the ends of rods and tubes, drawing, bending and joining tubes, blowing bulbs, mending test tubes.

2. The preparation and property of gases, e.g., hydrogen, oxygen, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, the oxides of nitrogen and sulphur, chlorine, hydrochloric acid, hydrofluoric acid, ammonia, &c.

3. The structure of flame; flame reactions; use of blowpipe; reduction of metals on charcoal; incrustations; flame and film tests; borax and microcosmic salt beads.

4. Use of the Spectroscope.
5. Reactions of Reagents.
6. Qualitative Analysis by wet and dry processes.

7. Reactions and processes for the detection of the alkaloids, sugars, starch, glycerine, alcohol, fusil oil, carbolic acid and similar common substances.

Each student is required to provide himself with a set of apparatus necessary for the above course of Experimental Chemistry and Qualitative Analysis.

Apparatus left by a student and not removed within three months is liable to be forfeited.

The larger and more expensive pieces of apparatus are provided, for the general use of students, by the University, on the condition that all breakages have to be made good.

Students require one of the following books--Qualitative Analysis (Thorpe and Muir), Qualitative Analysis (W. Valentin, E.C.S.), Qualitative Analysis (Fresenius), Tables for Qualitative Analysis (A. Liversidge, N. A., F.R.S.).' Ostwald's Foundations

, of Analytical Chemistry and Menschutkin's Analytical Chemistry (Macmillan) are also recommended for further study.

B.-QUANTITATIVE COURSES. Candidates for the B.Sc. degree in Chemistry, and B.E. degree in Mining and Metallurgy, are required to make correct determinations of the following substances :

Part I.-1. Verification of weights. 2. Determination of ash in filter paper. 3. Copper Sulphate. 4. Potassium dichromate. 5. Calcite. 6. Sodium chloride. 7. Rochelle Salt. 8. Ammonio-ferrous Sulphate. 9. Lead Nitrate. 10. Siderite. 11. Dolomite. 12. Apatite. 13. Orthoclase. 14. Niccolite (kupfernickel). 15. Smaltite (Co. Ni. and As.). 16. Copper pyrites. 17. Topaz.

Part II.-And certain of the following :—18. Blende. 19. Zinc Silicate. 20. Pyrolusite. 21. Chromite. 22. Wolfram. 23. Mispickel. 24. Fahlore. 25. Petalite. 26. Beryl. 27. Strontianite. 28. Cinnabar. 29. Coinage-bronze. 30. Lead, tin, bismuth, cadmium alloy. 31. Ilmenite. White lead and pigments. Cements. Iron Ores. Iron and Steel. Fireclay. Oils. Mineral Oils--including flashing points. Coal Gas. Furnace Gases. Coal, including ash and calorific power. Coke. Water for domestic and manufacturing purposes.

PART III.- Volumetric Analysis :-1. Chlorine. 2. Silver. 3. Potassium and sodium. 4. Sodium hydroxide. 5. Iron by permanganate and dichromate solutions. 6. Bleaching powder. 7. Nitric acid. 8. Chloric acid. 9. Ammonia.

PART IV.-Organic Chemistry, &c. :--1. Exercises in the purification of substances, including fractional crystallisation and distillation. 2. Boiling and melting points 3. specific gravities. 4. Ultimate analyses. 5. Vapour density. 6. Molecular weights. 7. Use of polariscope. 8. Preparation of carbon compounds.

Text Books.-Quantitative Analysis, by Clowes and Coleman ; Fresenius' Quantitative Analysis ; Sutton's Volumetric Analysis; Phillips' Engineering Chemistry ; Wöhler's Mineral Analysis.

C.-ASSAYING COURSES. Candidates for the B.E. Degree in Mining and Metallurgy are required to take the following courses :

I. Technical examination of fuels and fire clays; dry assay of lead, silver, gold, copper, and tin ores; gold and silver assaying by mint methods; vanning of gold and tin ores; volumetric and electrolytic assay of copper, iron, and zinc; analysis of furnace gases, slags, fluxes, mattes, and other furnace products.

And certain of the following, according to the requirements of the student :

II. Additional methods for the estimation of zinc, lead, manganese, calcium and copper; detailed examination of gold ores; preparation and examination of certain metals and alloys; ultimate analysis of fuel ; leaching assays of gold and silver ores by chlorine, cyanide, and other processes; assay of antimony, bismuth, mercury, nickel, and platinum ores; further analysis

of gases.

Note.-Students are required to preserve and label their metallurgical preparations, alloys, slags, and metallic buttons for the inspection of the Examiners at the end of the course.

Books RECOMMENDED.-Beringer's Text Book of Assaying; or one of the following :-Hiorn's Metallurgy and Assaying; Guide Pratique du Chemiste, Métallurgiste et de l'Essayeur par L. Campredon. Bauary et Cie. Editeurs.


This will be a short course of sixty hours upon Elementary Practical Metallurgy, to be taken at times to be arranged. 29. REGULATIONS FOR THE CHEMICAL AND METALLURGICAL

LABORATORIES. The Chemical and Metallurgical Laboratories are open daily during Term time for instruction in Experimental Chemistry, Qualitative and Quantitative Chemical Analysis and Assaying.

Students engaged in private investigations will have to provide themselves with any materials they may require which are not included among the ordinary reagents, also with the common chemicals when they are employed in large quantities.

All preparations made from materials belonging to the Laboratory become the property of the Laboratory.

No experiment of a dangerous character may be performed without the express sanction of the Professor or Demonstrator.

Each student is required to keep full notes of each day's work for the use of the Examiners.

The Laboratory hours are from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. except on Saturdays, when the Laboratory will be closed at 1 p.m.

Every student not working with a class is required to enter the time of his arrival and departure in the attendance book.

The Fees for instruction in the Laboratory in the case of students who have already attended the introductory practical course, No. 28A, will be found on page 171.

Compulsory for Students in Mining Engineering in their Second Year.

A course of about twenty Lectures upon Mineralogy will be delivered during Trinity Term. These lectures are illustrated by a series of over 2000 hand specimens for close inspection, also by models of crystals and diagrams, and will include

II. CRYSTALLOGRAPHY.—The different systems under which

crystals are grouped; the laws by which their
variations and combinations are governed. The

formation of crystals. III. The principal PHYSICAL PROPERTIES of Minerals, which

aid in the recognition of the various species. IV. CLASSIFICATION OF MINERALS. V. The PHYSIOGRAPHY or systematic description of minerals,

including all the more abundant or important minerals, both those which are of geological importance and those which are of commercial value.

PRACTICAL MINERALOGY. During Michaelmas Term exercises will be given in the Geological Laboratory upon the characteristic physical and chemical properties of minerals; with practical blowpipe work upon the determination and description of mineral specimens. Especial stress will be laid upon tests useful to the miner, geologist and explorer.

Each student has to provide himself with the following apparatus, viz., a blowpipe, pair of platinum pointed forceps, pestle and mortar, platinum wire and foil, magnet, duster, test tubes, glass tubing, etc. The most important parts of this apparatus may be purchased at the Geological Laboratory.

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