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by the Director-General of the Medical Department of the Navy, and to be certified by the Governing Body proposing him to be duly qualified according to the Regulations in force for the entry of candidates. It is provided in the regulations that “in the cases of Colonial nominations, registrations of professional qualifications as required by Clause 2 of these regulations, may be deferred until after the arrival in England of a candidate who has been passed on the station; but a Commission as Surgeon will not be granted until the certificate of the Registrar of the Medical Council shall have been produced at the Medical Department of the Navy."

The Colonial candidates are required to pass examinations both as to physical and professional fitness for the Service before a Board of Naval Medical Officers on the Station. The full regulations may be seen in the Registrar's Office.

EXAMINATIONS FOR THE CIVIL SERVICE OF INDIA. Appointments in the Civil Service of India are made after open competition.

These examinations are held in England annually in the month of August, and applicants are required to send their applications on the prescribed form before the 31st of May.

Each candidate must satisfy the Civil Service Commissioners

1. That he is a natural born subject of Her Majesty.
2. That he had attained the age of 21 and had not attained the age

of 23 on the first day of the year in which the examination

is held. 3. That he has no disease, constitutional affection, or bodily

infirmity unfitting him, or likely to unfit him, for the Civil

Service of India.
4. That he is of good moral character.

The full regulations, including the subjects of examination, may be seen in the Registrar's Office.

ENGINEERS IN HER MAJESTY'S NAVY. The regulations for the entry of Engineering students into Her Majesty's Navy, for the entry of students in Naval Construction, and the regulations for the guidance of candidates for direct appointments as probationary Assistant Engineers in the Royal Navy, may be seen in the Registrar's Office.

VIII.
EXHIBITIONS.

1-SALTING EXHIBITION. Founded in 1858 by a gift of £500 (with accumulations) from Severin Kanute Salting, Esq., to be applied for the promotion of sound learning. Awarded on the recommendation of the Trustees of the Sydney Grammar School to a student proceeding thence to the University. £25, tenable for three years in the Faculty of Arts. 1894—Whitfeld, H. E.

1900-Barton, W. A. 1897—Stephen, H. M.

2–J. B. WATT EXHIBITIONS. Founded in 1876 by a gift of £1000 from the Honourable John Brown Watt, and two subsequent gifts of £1000 each in 1888 and 1889. The Exhibitions are bestowed on the bursary principle (see p. 198), being not tenable in the Professional Schools, and are awarded to boys or youths who have been for at least three years in private colleges or schools. They are tenable for three years, and entitle the holders to £30 for the first year, £10 for the second, and £50 for the third year. The candidates must have passed with special credit either the Junior or Senior Public Examination. The Exhibition is intended to enable the holder to obtain a course of higher education, either at the University or elsewhere, subject to the direction of the Senate. The complete conditions of award will be found in the Manual of Public Examinations.

3-STRUTH EXHIBITION. Founded in 1883 by a gift of £1000 from John Struth, Esq., for the foundation of an exhibition to assist students of intellectual promise, but whose means are not otherwise sufficient for the purpose, in obtaining a Degree in the Faculty of Medicine. The Exhibition is awarded to a student who has completed the First Year of the Arts course upon the following conditions :

1. The Deans of the Faculty of Arts and the Faculty of Medicine shall receive a satisfactory assurance that the means of the applicant are insufficient to enable him to proceed with the Medical course without some such pecuniary assistance.

2. Applications for permission to compete for the Exhibition, accompanied by the necessary certificates, must be sent to the Registrar at least fourteen days before the first day of the Annual Examinations.

3. The Exhibition shall be awarded to that candidate, of those who are allowed to compete, who shall show the greatest proficiency in the First Year Examination of the Arts course, provided he shall be deemed to have shown sufficient merit.

4. The holder, who shall at once proceed with his studies in the Faculty of Medicine, shall receive the sum of £10 per annum for five years; provided that he shall only continue to hold it on the condition that he is diligent and of good conduct, and that he passes creditably all the examinations of his course. In the event of illness of the holder causing prolongation of his course of medical study, the case will be subject to the special consideration of the Senate. The Exhibition is open to students of either sex. The last award was made in March, 1897.

4-HORNER EXHIBITION. Founded in 1889 by & bequest of £200 from Francis Horner, Esq., M.A. Awarded for proficiency in Mathematics at the Matriculation Examination. It cannot be held with two other Scholarships in the University. In case of equality in order of merit in competition for the Exhibition, preference shall be given to a student matriculating direct from the King's School, Parramatta, or in the absence of a student from that School, to a candidate from Newington College, Stanmore. £8, tenable for one year. 1892—Simpson, E. S.

1898-Mort, Harold S. 1893–Stewart, D. G.

1899–Tivey, J. P. Strickland, I. P. æq.

Vonwiller, o. u.}

æq. 1894—Chalmers, S. D.

Smith, W., prox. acc. 1895—Griffiths, F. G.f

1900–Wellisch, E. M. I ? Forsyth, W.G.

Roe, R. C. §

} æq. 1896–Hawken, R. W.

Deck, H, L.
Waterhouse, G. A., prox. acc.

Griffiths, J. N.

prox. acc. 1897—Boyd, W. S.

Harris, J. S.
Horn, W. R.

1901—Brearley, E. A.
Mort, H. S.
prox. ace.

Diethelm, 0. A. A. æq.
Stephen, H. M.

Weatherburn, C. E. • Awarded to D. G. Stewart, Strickland being the holder of two Scholarships. t Awarded to W. G. Forsyth, Griffiths being the holder of two Scholarships. Holder of two other Scholarships. R. C. Roe did not comply with the conditions for holding the Exhibition.

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IX.

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BURSARIES. The Bursaries at the disposal of the University have all been created (on the initiation of the late Dr. Badham, when Professor of Classics) by private foundations at a cost of £1000 each, together with a margin in some cases to ensure prescribed annual awards amounting to £50 ; and they are helped, on the part of the Senate, by an accompanying exemption from all lecture fees.

They were created for the purpose of placing the advantages of education in this University within the reach of students, who, whilst giving sufficient promise of benefit, would otherwise be excluded through the want of financial means. And in order to secure privacy as regards the poverty of the candidates and their friends, the nominations are directed to be made by the Chancellor alone.

Other bursaries in greater number have lately been created by the Government in connection with the Public School system, but the University is not concerned in their award, although the Senate has conceded to them a like exemption from fees, upon like conditions.

Some of the Founders indicate a preference for students from the country, but the majority are silent on this subject. In two, they “trust that the Senate will coincide in their opinion that except in cases where religion offers an insurmountable barrier, the bursar shall be required to reside in one of the Affiliated Colleges ;” and in several, it is expressed that the bursaries are “ to enable the recipient to reside in one of the Affiliated Colleges, or in some other place approved of by the authorities of the University from which he may attend the prescribed courses of lectures: ” but in the great number, there is no corresponding expression. In practice, the Senate has abstained from imposing any restrictions as to residence, not only in the case of bursaries, but of the whole body of students, notwithstanding Section 18 of the Incorporation Act.

In some cases the founders contemplated full bursaries of £50 a year, as for students from the country, though without prohibiting divisions of the amount; but more generally they either expressly allow of awards of £25 a year, or other less sums than £50, or leave the inatter open. And of late years the

absence of new foundations has created a necessity for extending the usefulness of the bursaries by frequent divisions into halves ; and the Senate has granted the same exemptions from fees as in the case of full bursaries.

No bursary is subject to any distinction of creed or of position, except that in one case a preference is expressed, but not imposed, for a student belonging to the donor's own Church, and in another the nomination is confined to sons of a minister of religion, but without distinction of Church ; in both of which cases the founder bestowed a second bursary without any restriction.

All the bursaries, except five, which were given by Mr. Thomas Walker, in July, 1881, were founded before women were admitted to the University, and they were ostensibly for men only. But Mr. Walker's bursaries were for both sexes, and his instructions required that women should participate. The practice has since been to observe no distinction of sex.

All the bursaries were founded before the introduction of Professional Schools into the University, except those of Mr. Walker, which were on the verge of such introduction and which referred to a past intention, and all appear to have contemplated only the established three years' course in “ Literature, Science, and Art,” according to the Foundation Act of 1850. On which ground, and for appropriate and independent reasons, they are not available for students in Professional Schools.

The total number of full bursaries is eleven, in addition to which two more will eventually be created by means of surpluses which are required to be accumulated for the purpose.

This enumeration is exclusive of the Exhibitions of Mr. Watt and Mr. Struth, and of the Levey and Alexander Endowment for graduates, all of which are based on the bursary principle as to inadequacy of means.

The conditions on which the bursaries are conferred are:-
1. That the Chancellor shall have received satisfactory

assurance that the candidate's own means, and those
of his parents, guardians, “or other friends” (as
expressed in some of the foundations) are insufficient
to enable him to bear the cost of attending the
University without the assistance of a bursary.

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