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be found. Illustrate by taking the particular case where f(x) is sin 2.x.
9. Solve the equations
or sin ax.
(v.) (+a) y=0,
10. Shew that the orthogonal trajectories of a system of confocal
ellipses are a system of hyperbolas confocal with the ellipses.
LOGIC AND MENTAL PHILOSOPHY II.
1. Discuss the value of the views expressed in the Republic with
regard to the relations between ideas and things. 2. Examine the determinist doctrine of the relation of man to
nature. 3. “Motives make us free.” Explain this quotation, and show
its bearing on the question of human freedom. 4. Describe and examine Spencer's compromise between Egoism
and Altruism. 5. Describe and examine Spencer's combination of Hedonism
and Evolution. 6. Show the relation between the three classical proofs of the
being of God. 7. Compare the moral ideal of Plato and Aristotle with modern
Christian conceptions of virtue.
HONOURS. You are recommended to answer not less than five questions, and not more than SEVEN.
1. Discuss shortly the French Revolution from the religious
point of view. 2. Show the importance of the idea of “the Rights of Man" in
the French Revolution. 3. Why was it that the French Revolution led to the beginning
of a period of European warfare ? 4. Describe the condition of Germany in 1815, with a view
especially to showing the changes that had taken place
since 1789. 5. Describe the foreign policy of England from 1815 to 1827. 6. “By the help of God, I hope to defeat the German Revolu
tion, just as I vanquished the Conqueror of the World." Explain Metternich's saying. 7. “In the Austrian Empire, a variety of races were held
together by one crown: here national instincts impelled
to separation." Explain and illustrate this statement. 8. Discuss the policy of Napoleon III. in respect to the move
ment in favour of Italian unity. 9. What were the main causes of the war between France and
Prussia in 1870? What were the chief consequences of
the war? 10. Give some account of the events that led to the war between
Russia and Turkey in 1877. Explain the policy of the British Government in respect to the war, and to the peace by which it was concluded.
FACULTY OF LAW.
Candidates are not to attempt more than Eight questions, but these should include Nos.
I., IV, and IX.
I. Translate, and comment briefly on, the following passages
from your text(1) Cum autem impubes per principale rescriptum adrogatur,
causa cognita adrogatio permittitur et exquiritur causa adrogationis, au honesta sit expediatque pupillo, et cum
quibusdam condicionibus adrogatio fit (I, 11, 3). (2) Et hoc est quod dicitur, per extraneam personam nihil
adquiri posse (II, 9, 5). (3) Testamentum jure factum usque eo valet, donec rumpatur
irritumve fiat (II, 17, pr.). (4) Plane si quis debere se scripserit, quod numeratum ei non est,
de pecunia minime numerata post multum temporis exceptionem
opponere non potest (III, 21, pr.).
alienam amovendo furtum faciat (IV, 1, 18). II. Contrast, shortly, the effect upon legal capacity, under the
Roman Law, in the time of Justinian, of Potestas, Tutela,
and Cura. III. Videamus itaque nunc, quibus modis per universitatem res vobis
adquiruntur. Explain, and illustrate, the conception of a Universitas in Roman Law, as a modus acquirendi.
IV. Discuss the rights of the parties in the following cases,
stating the principles involved, under the law in force in
the time of Justinian :(1) A makes a will containing the following institution :
“ Titius heres esto: Gaius et Maerius heredes sunto.” Maevius
predeceases the testator. (2) A has an adopted daughter, B, who is in his potestas.
He makes a will instituting C, an extraneus, as heir, and
omits all reference to B. (3) A by his will bequeaths a vineyard to B and a slave to
C. At the time of nis death it appears that A had, subsequently to the will, mortgaged the vineyard to D,
and sold the slave to E. (4) A by his will bequeaths to B a house, which, as it turns
out, really belonged to C, although A had a hypothec over it. Prior to A's death the house is acquired by B,
by way of gift. V. Distinguish between Contractus and Pactum. Enumerate,
and state the legal effect of, the different classes of Pacts
known to Roman Law, VI. Compare the legal position, under the Roman Law, of (1)
A Usufructuary of land ; (2) A lessee for years (conductor
fundi); and (3) An Emphytenta. VII. Trace, briefly, the development of the Roman Law of
mortgage. What were the advantages of hypotheca
other forms of real security ? VIII. To what extent, and by what methods, were "obligationes"
transferable under the Roman Law, in the time of
Justinian? IX. Advise the parties as to their rights and remedies, in each of
the following cases :(1) A owns land adjoining that of B. B cuts down a
number of trees which stood on A's land. (2) A owns a house, adjoining a structure belonging to B.
A alleges that B's structure is in an insecure condition,
and threatens injury to his (A's) premises. (3) A is the owner of land adjoining a public river. B
moors his boat to a tree on A's bank. A cuts the rope, in consequence of which both B's boat and her cargo are lost.
(4) A agrees to lend B a sestercius, but by mistake hands
him a gold aureus. B, on discovering the fact, spends the
money, and subsequently denies the mistake. (5) A sells to B a horse, which, as it turns out, has been
stolen from C. C subsequently finding the horse in B's
possession, seizes it by force and takes it away. (6) A owns a valuable slave, in whom B has a usufruct. The
slave is seriously injured and rendered worthless by the
negligence of C. X. Trace, briefly, the course of a Roman criminal prosecution
under the Empire. XI. Write a very brief explanatory note on six of the following:
(1) The Lex Citationum ; (2) Jura patronatus ; (3) Specificatio; (4) Possessio cirilis ; (5) Servitus altius tollendi; (6) Cautio Aluciana; (7) Beneficium inventarii ; (8) Fideicommissaria hereditas ; (9) Solidary obligation ; (10) Mandatum qualificatum ; (11) Culpa levis; and (12) Obligatio quasi ex delicto.
TWO HOURS AND A HALF.
Candidates must not attempt more than EIGHT questions.
I. What estimate have you formed as to the value of the services
rendered by (1) Austin, and (2) Maine,-to juridical
science ? II. Discuss the following definitions :
(1) Political Society. “When a number of persons are sup
posed to be in the habit of paying obedience to a person or an assemblage of persons, of a known and certain description, such persons altogether are said to be in a
state of political society.' (2) Right. “A person has a right, when another or others
are bound or obliged by the law, to do or forbear, towards
or in regard to him.” (3) Property. “A right, indefinite in point of user, over a
" determinate thing." (4) Servitude. · Any such right, in a subject owned by
another or others, as gives to the parties a definite power of using it.”