Εικόνες σελίδας
PDF
Ηλεκτρ. έκδοση

To the President of the United States :

The memorial of the undersigned, merchants and ship-owners of the city of New York, respectfully prays, that your Excellency will take such executive action as may

be
proper

in order to secure the establishment as a principle governing the relations of the United States with other nations, at peace with this country, but which, as between themselves, may have been at war, that whenever hostilities between such belligereuts shall have ceased for so long a period of time as to raise the presumption that they will not be renewed, which period your memorialists would suggest should not, unless in exceptional cases, exceed one year, the state of war shall be deemed at an end, so far as the government and citizens of the United States are concerned, notwithstanding the absence of any formal treaty or declaration of peace.

Your memorialists respectfully assert and claim on behalf of the commerce of the United States, which has suffered so recently and severely from the lax observance of the obligations of neutrality on the part of other nations, that while all the duties and restrictions imposed by our neutrality laws are to be duly observed and enforced during the pendency of aetual hostilities between nations at war with whom we are at peace, according to the uniform and established policy and course of our national government, it is unjust and oppressive to continue their operation indefinitely and without limit, after hostilities have ceased and peace has been practically restored, and that upon sound principles of international law, the action sought by your memorialists should form a part of the code regulating the relations of this government with all other powers.

The action of the Executive in 1823, in recommending the recognition of the independence of the South American republics, after they had established it as a fact, although never conceded by Spain, affords a just precedent for similar action at this time, when the war, commenced in 1864, between Spain and the republics of Peru, Chili, and Ecuador, and prosecuted with more or less activity until May, 1866, has since then and now for upwards of two years past entirely ceased, with no prospect of resumption.

Your memorialists submit that it is the right of our citizens to deal with either of those powers heretofore belligerent, or with their citizens or subjects, apon the same fooiing and to the same extent as if a formal treaty of peace had been ratified and exchanged.

Your memorialists, therefore, submit this subject to the favorable consideration of your Excellency, and urge the necessity and propriety of prompt and decisive action, as above prayed, in favor of the commercial rights of the citizens of the United States. And your

memorialists will ever pray. New York, June 10, 1868.

Francis Skiddy.
C. P. Fischer & Co.
Spence, Montague & Co.
Chas. Leling & Co.
Weston & Gray.
Nesmith & Sons.
R. P. Buck & Co.
Howland & Aspinwall.
C. M. Marshall & Co.
Russell Sturgis.
Howland Wothingham.
Snow & Burgess.
Sutton & Co.
James W. Elliott & Co.

a

Moody & Telfair.
Dabney, May & Co.
Geo. Howes & Co.
Grinnell, Minturn & Co.
J. D. Jones, President Atlantic Mutual Jasurance Company.
John A. Parker, Vice President Great Western Insurance Company.
J. P. Paulison, Vice President Sun Mutual Insurance Company.
Elwood Walter, President Mercantile Mutual Insurance Company.
John K. Myers, President Pacific Mutual Insurance Company.
Robinson & Cox, Attorneys for United States Lloyds.
A. P. Holmes, Vice President Commercial Mutual Insurance Company.
John H. Lyell, President New York Mutual Insurance Company.
F. S. Lathrop, President Union Mutual Insurance Company.

To the President of the United States :

The memorial of the undersigned, merchants and shipowners of the city of Boston, respectfully prays, that your Excellency will take such executive action as may

be

proper in order to secure the establishment as a principle governing the relations of the United States with other nations, at peace with this country, but which, as between themselves, may bave been at war, that whenever hostilities between such belligerents shall have ceased for so long a period of time as to raise the presumption that they will not be renewed, which period your memorialists would suggest should not, unless in exceptional cases, exceed one year, the state of war shall be deemed at an end, so far as the government and citizens of the United States are concerned, notwithstanding the absence of any formal treaty or declaration of peace.

Your memorialists respectfully assert and claim on behalf of the commerce of the United States, which has suffered so recently and severely from the lax observance of the obligations of neutrality on the part of other nations, that while all the duties and restrictions imposed by our neutrality laws are to be duly observed and enforced during the pendency of actual hostilities between nations at war with whom we are at peace, according to the uniform and established policy and course of our national government, it is unjust and oppressive to continue their operation indefinitely and without limit, after hostilities have ceased and peace has been practically restored, and that upon sound principles of international law, the action sought by your memorialists should form a part of the code regulating the relations of this government with all other powers.

The action of the Executive in 1823, in recommending the recognition of the independence of the South American republics, after they had established it as a fact, although never conceded by Spain, affords a just precedent for action at this time, when the war, commenced in 1864, between Spain and the republics of Peru, Chili and Ecuador, and prosecuted with more or less activity until May, 1866, has since then and now for upwards of two years past entirely ceased, with no prospect of resumption.

Your memorialists submit that it is the right of our citizens to deal with either of those powers heretofore belligerent, or with their citizens or subjects, upon the same footing and to the same extent as if a formal treaty of peace had been ratified and exchanged.

Your memorialists, therefore, submit this subject to the favorable consideraion of your Excellency, and urge the necessity of prompt and decisive action, as above prayed, in favor of the commercial rights of the citizens of the United States.

And your memorialists will ever pray.
Boston, June 10, 1868.

Glidden & Williams.
Howes & Crowell.
Alpheus, Hardy & Co.
W.F. Weed & Co.
Cyrus Alger & Co.
Curtis & Peabody.
E. S. Tobey.
Nickerson & Co.
Baker & Merrill.
Page, Richardson & Co.
Francis Bacon.
J. Henry Sears.
Franklin, Snow & Co.
Addison Gage & Co.
Boylston Fire & Mar. Ins. Co., by J. W. Balch, Pres't.
Boston Ins. Co., by P. W. Freeman, Pres't.
New England M. M. Ins. Co., by George C. Lord, Pres’t.
Richard S. Haven.
Manufacturers’ Ins. Co., by Sam'l Gould, Pres't.
Washington Ins. Co., by Isaac Sweetser, Pres't.
Merchants' Ins. Co., by Thomas C. Smith, Pres’t.
George B. Upton.
William Perkins.

CANADIAN FISHERIES.

LETTER

FROM

THE SECRETARY OF THE TREASURY,

TRANSMITTING

A communication from George W. Brega, relative to the Canadian fisheries.

MAY 27, 1868.- Referred to the Committee on Naval Affairs and ordered to be printed.

:

TREASURY DEPARTMENT, May 25, 1868. Sir: I have the honor herewith to transmit a communication of this date from Mr. George W. Brega, containing additional information respecting the Canadian fisheries and the regulations of the Canadian government in regard to granting licenses to foreign vessels to fish within their waters, and which it is requested may be received and made part of his supplemental report on the trade within the British provinces, transmitted by me on the 14th instant. Very respectfully,

H. McCULLOCH,

Secretary of the Treasury. Hon. SCHUYLER COLFAX,

Speaker House of Representatives.

WASHINGTON, May 25, 1868. Sin : Since the date of my supplemental communication to you, upon trade with the British provinces of North America, I have received more precise information as to the enactments made by the government of Canada respecting the granting of licenses to foreign vessels to fish for or take or cure any fish of any kind in British waters, within three marine miles of any of the coasts, bays, creeks, or harbors of Canada. As the matter is intimately connected with the subjects treated upon both in my report and supplementary report, and of great interest to a large class of American citizens, I beg permission to transmit you the information, and to request that you will have this letter made a portion of my supplementary report.

In my report of March last I stated that the Canadian authorities had asked permission of the British government to increase the license fee upon foreign vessels to $2 a ton for the season, and that I had reason to believe that the permission would be granted. The permission having been given, an act, which I append, respecting fishing by foreign vessels, passed the Canadian parliament on the 20th instant, and on the same day an order in council was issued, declaring that $2 a ton for the season should be the rate for the present year. The act is almost literally a copy of the local acts of Nova Scotia and New Brunswick upon the same subject shortly before the negotiation of the reciprocity treaty. Very respectfully,

GEO. W. BREGA. Hon. Hugh McCulloch,

Secretary of the Treasury.

AN ACT respecting fishing by foreign vessels. Her Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate and House of Commons of Canada, enacts as follows:

1. The governor may, from time to time, grant to any foreign ship, vessel, or boat, or to any ship, vessel, or boat not navigated according to the laws of the United Kingdom or of Canada, at such rate, and for such period not exceeding one year, as he may deem expedient, a license to fish for or take, dry, or cure any fish of

aby kind whatever, in British waters, within three marine miles of any of the coasts, bays, creeks, or harbors whatever, of Canada, not included within the limits specified and described in the first article of the convention between his late Majesty King George the Third and the United States of America, made and signed at London, on the 20th day of October, 1818.

2. Any commissioned officer of her Majesty's navy serving on board of any vessel of her Majesty's navy cruising and being in the waters of Canada for purpose of affording protection to her Majesty's subjects engaged in the fisheries, or any commissioned officer of her Majesty's fishery officer, or stipendiary magis. trate on board of any vessel belonging to or in the service of the government of Canada and employed in the service of protecting the fisheries, or any officer of the customs of Canada, sheriff, magistrate, or other person duly commissioned for that purpose, may go on board of any ship, vessel, or boat within any harbor in Canada or hovering (in British waters) within three marine miles of any of the coasts, bays, creeks, or harbors in Canada, and stay on board so long as she may remain within such place or distance.

3. If such ship, vessel, or boat be bound elsewhere, and shall continue within such harbor or so hovering for 24 hours after the master shall have been required to depart, any one of such officers or persons as are above mentioned may bring such ship, vessel, or boat into port and search her cargo, and may also examine the master upon oath touching the cargo and voyage; and if the master or person in command shall not truly answer the questions put to bim in such examination, he shall forfeit $400; and if such ship, vessel or boat be foreign, or not navigated according to the laws of the United Kingdom or of Canada, and have been found fishing, or preparing to fish, or to have been fishing (in British waters) within three marine miles of any of the coasts, bays, creeks, or harbors of Canada, not included within the above-mentioned limite, without a license, or after the expiration of the period named in the last license granted to such ship, vessel, or boat under the first section of this act, such ship, vessel, or boat, and the tackle, rigging, apparel, furniture, stores, and cargo thereof shall be forfeited.

4. All goods, ships, vessels, and boats, and the tackle, rigging, apparel, furniture, stores, and cargo liable to forfeiture under this act, may be seized and secured by any officers or persons mentioned in the second section of this act; and every person opposing any officer or person in the execution of his duty under this act, or aiding or abetting any other person in any opposition, shall forfeit $800, and shall be guilty of a 'misdemeanor, and, upon conviction, be liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years.

« ΠροηγούμενηΣυνέχεια »