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ings for that purpose be held simultaneously on made as follows: Governor, Hon. J. W. Mcthe 19th of February.

Clurg, of Camden; Lieutenant-Governor, E. 0. A Republican Convention was held at St. Stanard, of St. Louis; Secretary of State, FranLouis February 22d, to name delegates to the cis Rodman, of St. Joseph; Treasurer, William National Convention at Chicago, and announce Q. Dallmeyer, of Gasconade; Auditor, Daniel M. the position held by the party on national ques- Draper, of Montgomery. The platform adopted tions. This announcement was contained in was contained in the following resolutions: the following series of resolutions :

1. Resolved, That we heartily approve the deelsResolved, That sovereign political power in our ration of principles adopted by the Republican Nagreat Commonwealth is vested in the people, and, tional Convention, and, believing that the election

, under the Constitution of the United States, Con- upon these principles, of the chief defender of the gress is the representative of that sovereignty. laws to be their sworn executor will give peace and

Rosolved, That, in the words of the Declaration of quiet to the land, and prosperity and happiness to Independence, all men are created equal, and that the people, we pledge to its candidates, General equal political rights to each and every citizen are

Ulysses S. Grant and Schuyler Colfax, our heart the only safeguards of constitutional liberty, and to

and united support. this end we indorse the reconstruction policy of 2. That we thank the party called Democratie fr Congress; and we, the representatives of the Radical unmasking to the country its real designs by the Union men of Missouri, in convention assembled, nomination of men whose political creed finds its de stand ready to accept the responsibility and issues interpretation in the declarations which publer arising therefrom.

threaten a new revolution, and propose to trample Resolved, That, we are in favor of the admission of into the dust laws duly enacted; to disperse Sise. the States lately in rebellion to full and complete governments constitutionally established, and to representation in Congress, as soon as they shall compel the Senate to submit to such an interpretzgive ample guarantees of their future loyalty and tion of the Constitution as a dictator may gire. Fe fealty to the Government, and of equal political appeal to all good citizens of either party, who desire rights to all citizens in such States.

peace, order, and a government of law, to join in Resolved, That as taxation must remain in propor- putting down this new cause of the rebellion el tion to our wealth, and in direct proportion to the crushing the madmen who threaten to bring upă value of our productions, we will support only those

us another cruel war. measures of political economy which tend to increase 3. That we, the Republicans of the State of Misthe agricultural, mechanical, and mineral productions souri, particularly indorse the 3d, 4th, 5th, and eh of our country ; that the doctrino of Great Britain, articles of the national platform, and reaffirm thai Prussia, and other European powers, that “once citi- the payment of the national debt is part of the se zens, always citizens," must be resisted at all hazards tional honor; and good faith and justice are sit by the United States, as a relic of the feudal times not ligatory upon governments as upon men ; and thst authorized by the law of nations, and at war with our the spirit of the contract is more of its life even thaa national honor and independence; naturalized citi- its letter; and that we spurn and utterly conden: zens are entitled to be protected in all their rights of the evasion of our national obligations, as proposed citizenship, as though they were natural born, and by the Democratic Convention, as ruinous to the usno citizen of the United States, native or naturalized, tion's credit and its material interests. should be liable to arrest or imprisonment by any 4. That a disfranchisement based upon a difference foreign power for acts done or words spoken in this of color only is neither just nor republican, and the country, and, if so arrested and imprisoned, it is the ye, therefore, unequivocally are in favor of the app duty of this Government to interpose in behalf of such tion of the constitutional amendment now pence, citizen.

that impartial suffrage may be established in No Resolved, That we, the Radical party of the State souri, and that an unjust discrimination born of a of Missouri, hereby express our preference for U.S. very, the cause of the rebellion, may be forever it Grant, as candidate for President of the United moved from the laws of the State. States upon the national Republican platform.

5. That while we believe that the disfranchise The following resolutions were also adopted with rebellion, was not only a legitimate and ja

ment of those who engaged in, aided, or sympathized by the convention, and telegraphed to Sec- consequence of their own conduct, but a necessar retary Stanton :

measure for the safety of the loyal people of tus Resolved, That the law passed by the Congress of State, we cherish no revengeful feeling toward the the United States, þy the constitutional vote over the who fought in fair and open battle though for an eveto of the President, is a law of the land, to be just cause, and stand ready to restore to then ere obeyed by all, from the highest to the lowest, and political privilege, at the earliest moment, consistent that the acting President is as much bound by it as

with State and National safety. any citizen,

6. That the payment of our seventeen millions of Resolved, That we send greeting to the Radical State debt left by former Democratie administration Congress, and to E. M. Stanton and General Grant, the appreciation of the bonds of the State free $ with the assurance that loyal Missouri to' a man will cents in 1863 when they bore 86 per cent. intera stand by them till acting President Johnson and overdue, to 91 cents without overdue interest in 1**; every man of this country shall bow in obedience to the enlargement of the School Fund; the restorati9 the law of the land.

of the credit of the State, accomplished not only withA similar convention of the Democracy was give proof the ability of the Radical party to so ra

out increase, but with large reductions of taratis, called by the State Central Committee to meet age the finances of the State as to secure its proper on the 28th of May, and appoint delegates to ty and guard its honor, and at the same time reliere the New York Convention, but no platform the tax-payers of all unnecessary burden. was adopted at that convention, and a proposi- administration of the Government, and that we eat tion to recommend the nomination of George nestly recommend to our friends the greatest care and H. Pendleton for the presidency failed to pass. circumspection in their nominations, for public of

The regular State Convention of the Repub- cos, of men of established character and honesty. licans was held at Jefferson City on the 16th The Democratic State Central Committee is of July, and nominations for State offices were sued a call on the 1st of June, designating the

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6th of August for their State Convention, and tempts to intimidate, the registration officers in the recommending county meetings to be held on proper discharge of 'their official duties; that, supthe 20th of July, to appoint delegates. The porting and obeying all laws regularly enacted, the

Democracy are the party of law and order, and their convention was held at St. Louis, and nomi- accession to power will give peace and tranquillity to nated John S. Phelps, for Governor; Norman this distracted land. J. Coleman, for Lieutenant-Governor; Ber- 6. The condition of our State, no less than the true nard Poepping, for Secretary of State J. A. principles of political and official action, demands Hackaday, Attorney-General; Charles C. Ros- tures, the

lessening of taxation, and, in short, the

frugalíty and economy, the contraction of expendisier, Auditor; Robert Hundthanen, Treasurer. adoption of a rigid policy of retrenchment and reThe following is the platform as unanimously form. adopted :

The registration of qualified voters took place

in August and September. The provisions of The Democracy of Missouri, in convention assem

the new law were regarded with great dissatisbled, looking only to living issues and cordially inviting the coûperation of every lover of constitutional faction by the conservative people of the State, liberty, regardless of past or present party associa- and, as the test-oath had been pronounced untions, do, in view of the condition of the State and constitutional by the Supreme Court of the nation, proclaim and resolve as follows: 1. That we hail with unbounded satisfaction the newspapers and orators that no citizen would

United States, it was argued by Democratic President and Vice-President of the United States be guilty of legal perjury who should take the upon a platform of principles bold, earnest, sound, oath; and then, if the name of such person was and truthful; that with fixed purpose and uncon- placed on the list of "rejected voters," it was querable zeal we will labor in this canvass to the end said the burden of proof would fall on the that our country may be redeemed, regenerated, and registrars to show that he had been guilty of disenthralled.

2. While we are willing to protect the colored race any disloyal act. The registrars, however, from every assault upon their natural rights, we are took a different view of the law, and absounalterably opposed to negro suffrage and negro lutely refused, in many cases, to receive the equality, its logical sequence. The proposition now pending in this State to admit to the elective fran

names of persons who avowed themselves ready chise the untutored African while thousands of intel- to subscribe to the required oath. This led to ligent, industrious, and law-abiding white men are much bitter feeling, and in some cases to disexcluded from the ballot-box, is a gross insult to our turbances of the peace, though none of these race and a ghastly mark of contempt for the common- disorders were of a very aggravated description. est principles of justice.

3. That the declaration of the Missouri Radicals in It was claimed that the number of persons, their platform that they “cherish no revengeful feel- who applied for registration, answered all the ings toward those who fought in fair, open battle, questions of the registrars, and took the “ oath though for an unjust cause, and stand ready to restore of loyalty,” and yet were disfranchised, was to them every political privilege at the earliest,, mo- not less than twenty thousand, while the whole transparent falsehood, in view of the fact that, though number disfranchised in the State was placed the reasoning of the United States Supreme Court in at thirty thousand. the adjudication of cases proves the Missouri test-oath At the election, which occurred in Novemunconstitutional, null, and void, this party of pro- ber, Joseph H. McClurg was chosen for Govscription still requires the oath to be administered, and is at the present moment reorganizing its por being 144,887: for McClurg 82,107, for Phelps

ernor by a majority of 19,328, the whole vote litical machinery through the infamous registration law to give a strained and unwarrantable interpreta- 62,780. The whole vote for presidential election of that oath.

tors was 145,459, the majority in favor of the 4. We challenge the world to produce in the whole election of Grant being 25,883. The Legislahistory of tyranny a parallel to the lawless violence, ture had again submitted to the vote of the potism of the Radical party of Missouri in its dealings people a proposition to strike the word "white" with the people. The rule of that party has brought from the provisions of the constitution reutter demoralization into almost every branch of the lating to the right of suffrage. The whole public service, through its officials and honored rep- vote on this amendment was 129,289; 55,236 resentatives has robbed the State of millions of money, lavished countless thousands upon party favorites, and were given in favor of the change, and 74,053 squandered thousands more on useless and extrava- against it: majority against negro suffrage, Lant expenditures. Murderers and thieves are eulo- 18,817. Nine members of Congress were rized as great citizens and Christian gentlemen; de- chosen at the same election, six of whom were stroyers of a free press, and invaders of peaceful com

Republicans. munities are held up for applause and public honor; the plunderers of the Treasury are unimpeached and A decision was given in the Supreme Court, unindicted; the perpetrators of matchless villanies at the March term, of some general interest, are welcomed as respectable members of radical whereby it was determined that the property Legislatures, radical caucuses, and radical conven

of Washington University was subject to taxtions.

6. That we enunciate as a legal proposition that ation by the State, notwithstanding a special every citizen of lawful age, having resided in the exemption expressed in its charter. At the State and county the length of time required by law, time the charter was granted there was nothing has the right of suffrage; but we urge upon every prohibiting the Legislature from allowing such we demand a fair and impartial registration of all exemption, but the present constitution of the Gualified voters under the law, we condemn and dis- · State declares that “no property, real or percountenance any improper interference with, or at- sonal, shall be exempt from taxation, except


Joint Ballot,





such as may belong to the United States, to threw the Constitution and usurped dictatorial this State, to counties, or to municipal corpora- power, and caused Paez to be driven into tions in this State.” The legal question mooted exile. He ruled as dictator for eleven years, was, whether the application of this provision and was finally overthrown by a successful to the property of the Washington University, revolution in 1859, and compelled to retire to after an exemption had been allowed by a private life. The late civil war in Venezuela former Legislature, would be a violation of once more brought him prominently on the that clause of the Federal Constitution which stage of action. Notwithstanding his extreme forbids the States to pass any law violating the age, he assumed the leadership of the coalition obligations of contracts. The decision of Judge formed against President Falcon, and taking Wagner determines this question in the negative command of the insurrectionary army, soon

The first monument to the memory of a pub- compelled Falcon to abdicate and leave the lic man ever erected in the State of Missouri country. On Falcon's departure, in the winwas formally dedicated on the 27th of May, ter of 1868, Monagas assumed the office of in Lafayette Square, in the city of St. Louis, Provisional President, becoming at the same when a fine statue of Thomas H. Benton time a candidate for the presidency, to which, unveiled in the presence of a vast concourse had he lived, he would certainly have been of people. The day was observed as a public elected. He was more remarkable for his holiday in St. Louis, and an address was de- energy and soldierly qualities than for any livered by General Frank P. Blair, Jr., on the statesmanlike ability. He was one of the life and services of the illustrious Senator, wealthiest citizens of Venezuele, his riches The statue was raised at the instance of the consisting principally in vast estates along State government, and at the public expense. the banks of the Orinoco, and immense herds

The Legislature met on the last Monday in of cattle. December, and was composed as follows: MOREHEAD, Hon. CHARLES S., Governor

of Kentucky from 1855 to 1859, and promiRepublican...

117 nent as a politician from that State for mais Democrats

years, born in Nelson County, Ky., in 182;

died near Greenville, Washington County, L. Rep. majority........ 16 57


sissippi, December 23, 1868. He was inor The Governor, in his message, strongly rec- rectly reported dead, after a long and severe ilommended a modification of the test-oaths. ness, October 1, 1866, and a brief notice of his

MONAGAS, General José Tadeo, President life was inserted in the ANNUAL CICLOPEDIA and Dictator of Venezuela from 1846 to 1859, for 1866. Educated at Transylvania Unive! and Provisional President of that Republic at sity, his first entrance into political life was in the time of his death, born in Venezuela in 1828, when he was elected to represent the 1786, died at Caraccas, Venezuela, November county of Christian in the State Legislatore

. 18, 1868. Though of Spanish family, Monagas Filling the position of Attorney-General under was from early youth devoted to his native Governor J. T. Morehead in 1834-36, he, in country, and throughout the war which re- 1838, represented Franklin County in the Le sulted in the independence of the South Amer- gislature, and was Speaker of the House in ican provinces from the Spanish yoke he was 1840–41–43 and '44. In 1847 he was is the friend and comrade of Simon Bolivar, and elected to Congress from the Ashland District fought under his leadership. He joined the and reëlected in 1849, participating as a promi ranks of the patriot army at the very com- nent supporter of Mr. Clay in the memorable mencement of the revolution, and soon won compromise legislation of 1850. In 1853 bě distinction by his bravery and ability as a was again elected to the Legislature from military commander. His services, however, Franklin. In 1855 he was a candidate fu did not secure for him the political preferment Governor, and was elected by a close rote which he evidently expected under the new over the late Hon. Beverly L. Clark. Ata order of things, General Paez being elected early date of his residence in Frankfort be first President of Venezuela, and Monagas left published, in connection with Judge Nasa altogether out of the Government. The result Brown, a digest of the laws of Kentuckļ, in was that Monagas headed a military insurrec- two volumes, which was in use until the ador tion against the Government of Paez, but the tion of the new constitution. After servin: attempt proved

a failure. Paez was succeeded out his term as Governor, he retired from by Vargas as President, and for the second political life, and devoted himself to the praca time Monagas raised the standard of revolt, tice of his profession, removing from Frankmoeting, however, with no better success than fort to Louisville. In the spring of 1861 be on the previous occasion, Paez again taking was a member of the Peace Convention which the field against him, and promptly putting met at Washington, and also of the Border down the insurrection. In 1846 the ambition State Convention which met in Frankfort, in of Monagas was gratified by his being elected May. In consequence of his endeavors 10 President, to which Paez contributed his in- bring about the secession of Kentucky

, and his fluence, in the hope of giving peace to the · earnest advocacy of the Southern cause, he Fai country; but two years after Monagas over- on the 19th of September, 1861, arrested at his

house near Louisville, at night, and taken which had suffered terribly by the war. For to Fort Lafayette, New York Harbor, where for this purpose he removed from Kentucky to his many months he was subjected to close im- plantation near Greenville, and, while he gave prisonment. This treatment elicited the sym- his personal attention to its management, pathies of his friends to such a degree as finally engaged also in the practice of law. His health to secure his release. Shortly after his dis- failed under the hot and unhealthy climate, charge, he went to England, and continued to and, coming North, he was attacked with that reside there during the remainder of the war. long and severe illness to which we have Upon the termination of hostilities he returned already referred. After his recovery he reto the United States, and addressed himself turned again to Mississippi, where he died of with characteristic energy to his business, heart-disease.



NARVAEZ, Don Ramon MARIA, Duke of signed his command. On the formation of a Valencia, Marshal of Spain, a Spanish general revolutionary junta at Seville by Cordova in and statesman, born at Loja, in Andalusia, Au- the summer of 1840, he repaired thither, and gust 4, 1800; died at Madrid, April 23, 1868. took part in the insurrection against EsparHe entered the army at an early age, serving tero; but, this attempt at revolution having first, for some years, as a cadet in the Walloon been suppressed, he was compelled to fly, and Guards. He received his first commission as found refuge in France, where he was shortly an officer at the age of twenty, and rose from after joined by the Queen Maria Christina, that time rapidly, commending himself to his who had been forced to abdicate in favor of superiors both by his daring and skill. In 1820, the Infanta Isabella. In France Narvaez comwhen constitutional government was estab- menced, in conjunction with the ex-Queen, lished in Spain, young Narvaez sided with the those plots against Espartero, who was then Liberal or Constitutional party; and when in regent, which in July, 1843, culminated in his 1822 an effort was made by a reactionary party overthrow and escape to England. Narvaez of the royal guard to subvert the Constitution hereupon returned, and, after depriving Esparand restore the old despotism, he led the Lib- tero of all his titles, procured from the new erals in the suppression of the mutiny. In the Cortes a declaration that the Infanta Isabella capture of Castelfollit at this time he was II. was of age, and was himself appointed, seriously wounded. Shortly after, having re- November 8, 1843, Lieutenant-General of the corered from his wounds, he made the cam- kingdom. In March, 1844, the Queen-Dowager, paign of Catalonia, under Mina, against the Christina, returned to Spain, and the same guerrillas, who were assisted by the monks. year Narvaez was made president of the CounIn 1823 the imbecile Bourbon having invited a cil, and created Duke of Valencia. His whole French army of intervention to enter Spain, course was reactionary; he restored the old Narvaez retired from active life, and withdrew despotism and abuses, and revised in the to Loja, where he lived in obscurity until the interest of absolutism the liberal Constitution death of Ferdinand VII., in 1832, when he of 1837. The party of progress was dissatisreturned to the army. In 1834, as captain of fied, and petty insurrections broke out, which chasseurs, he maintained a hot struggle against he crushed with the iron band. But his dictatothe Carlists in the Basque provinces, and rial manners finally alienated even his personal signalized himself in several engagements; be- friends, and on the 10th of February, 1846, ing again wounded in the battle of Mendigor- his ministry was overthrown. After a brief ria. For his gallantry in this campaign he was exile, as special ambassador at the French promoted to be colonel of chasseurs, and, soon court, he returned to power in 1847, but was after to be brigadier-general. In 1836 he soon again dismissed, in consequence of his commanded a division under Espartero, and on constant quarrels with Maria Christina. On the 25th of November of that year completely the 20th of October, 1849, he was once more routed the Carlist leader, Gomez, at Majaceite, recalled and reinstated as president of the near Arcos. This was the turning-point in his Council, his power being confirmed in 1850 by career. He became very popular, aspired to a popular vote. On the 10th of January, 1851, the highest offices of tắe state, and was re- however, he was compelled by the Queengarded as the rival of Espartero. In 1838, by mother again to resign, and accept the apmeasures of the most vigorous severity, he pointment of ambassador to Vienna. In Octocleared the district of La Mancha of brigands, ber, 1856, after Espartero's withdrawal from and restored tranquillity in that part of Spain. office and the overthrow of the brief O'DonIn 1840 he was appointed Captain-General of nell ministry, Narvaez was again called to preOld Castile, and general-in-chief of the army side over the Cabinet, but without special

When Espartero gave General office. He immediately began to use his power Alaix à place in the ministry, Narvaez, who to strengthen the royal authority,

and to rewas a member of the Cortes for Seville, re- strict the liberty of the press. He also re

of reserve.

stored the concordat of 1851 with the Pope, On the occasion of an excursion to Madrid be and promulgated a general amnesty to the was eordially welcomed by the Queen and King. Carlist rebels of 1855 and 1856. Some of consort and other high officials. these measures alienated the sympathies of a At Port Mahon, where he arrived in Decemconsiderable portion of the Conservative party, ber, his reception was peculiar. Each village and on the 26th of October, 1857, he tendered in Minorca through which he passed was prohis resignation, and a new ministry was formed fuse in compliments, and in many instantes under the presidency of Admiral Armero. In sent out deputations to meet him as a deseendthis ministry he at first accepted, but soon ant of one of their ancient families, his father after declined, a seat. He now remained out having been a native of and emigrant from of power till September 16, 1864, when he Ciudadela in that island. succeeded the Marquis de Miraflores as chief When the Franklin was at Spezia, Admiral of the Cabinet, and rendered himself again Farragut visited Florence, Venice, and Gece popular by the repression of the insurrection- He dined at Florence with his Majesty Victor ary movement in St. Domingo in January, Emmanuel, and was entertained by many die 1865. Late in 1865 Marshal O'Donnell suc- tinguished officials, both of Italy and other ceeded in overthrowing his ministry, but in countries, at each of the places named. From July, 1866, he was dispossessed of power in Spezia he proceeded to Naples, where he arhis turn, and Narvaez again took the reins, rived in March. which he relinquished only with his death. While on a visit to Rome, he was received

NAVY OF THE UNITED STATES. The by the Prime Minister, and presented to his reduction of the naval force created during the Holiness the Pope. He left Naples April 6th, late war is still continued. During the year and, touching at Messina and Syracuse, arrived 1868, twenty-two vessels, carrying 208 guns, at Malta on the 12th. He was there joined by were withdrawn, leaving, as still attached to the the Ticonderoga and Frolic, and his departure navy, 206 vessels, carrying 1,743 guns. Of this on the 18th was marked by unusual bonors number there are 52 iron-clads, carrying 129 The squadron was followed to sea by Vice-adguns; 95 screw-steamers, carrying 938 guns; 28 miral Paget, commanding her Britannic Nspaddle-wheel steamers, carrying 199 guns; and jesty's fleet in the Mediterranean, in his fias. 31 sailing-vessels, carrying 477 guns. The entire ship, the Caledonia, which passed close alockactive force is divided into

six squadrons, known side, the crews manning the rigging and cher as the European, the Asiatic, the North Atlantic, ing, and the band playing “Hail Columbia." the South Atlantic, the North Pacific, and the The other vessels of the fleet passed successite South Pacific. These squadrons have been ly, extending siinilar courtesies. When all ha kept in such active service as to exhibit the flag passed, Admiral Paget hoisted the American of the country in every port where its com- Hag at the main and fired a salute of sevente: 1 merce had penetrated. At no period have the guns. These courtesies were acknowledged power and prestige of the navy been more hon- by the crew of the Franklin, who mannel te ored and respected than at present. The gen- yards; the band played “God save the Queza." eral purpose of the department in regulating and the salute was returned. this branch of the service is stated to have been, Admiral Farragut returned to Lisbon on the that one or more of the naval vessels should 28th of April, and, after taking in supplies, provisit annually every commercial port where ceeded to Holland. He arrived at Flushing is American capital is employed, and that an armed June, where he remained until the 21st. Tith ship should not be long absent from the vicin- a number of his officers he visited, on invitaity of every merchant-ship which might need tion, his Majesty King Leopold, at Brussels assistance or protection.

and dined with him. Subsequently his HiThe European squadron was in charge of Ad- jesty, accompanied by the Queen and attendmiral D. G. Farragut, who left it in November ants, was received on board the Franklin at under the charge of Commodore A. M. Pennock. Ostend. From Brussels he made a short to The vacancy was subsequently filled by Rear- to Liege and Essen, and proceeded from threate Admiral William Radford. It consisted of the to Southampton, where he left the Franklin. Franklin, 39 guns; Ticonderoga, 9; Swatara, and made a tour to the north, passing through 10; Frolic, 5; Guard, 3. During the period of London, York, Newcastle, Edinburgh, and Glas his command, Admiral Farragut made one of gow, and rejoined the Franklin in July. Op the most distinguished and interesting cruises his tour he received every attention from the in naval history. He left Lisbon in November; authorities of the respective places visited, an! 1867, where the usual courtesies had been ex- inspected the dockyards and other establishchanged, and where, by invitation, he, with ments of interest to naval officers. many of his officers, had been been received On the 10th of July the Franklin was visited by the King and Queen of Portugal and Dom officially by the Duke of Edinburgh, captain of Fernando, and proceeded along the coasts of her Britannic Majesty's ship Galatea

, and o Spain, France, and Italy, touching at Gibraltar, the 12th Admiral Farragut and other officers Carthagena, Port Mahon, Toulon, Villefranche, dined with him, many distinguished person and Spezia, at each of which places he was the of England being present. The Prince of Wales recipient of many courtesies and attentions. and his brother, the Duke of Edinburgh, visited

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