Εικόνες σελίδας
PDF
Ηλεκτρ. έκδοση

1

the Franklin on the 14th. On the 17th Ad- rupted for several days by a storm, and he left miral Farragut called on her Majesty the Queen his ship as soon as it abated, for the purpose of at Osborn House. On the 18th the corporate visiting the United States minister. But his authorities and others of Southampton visited barge was capsized, by a strong wind and heavy the Franklin, and on the 19th she sailed from sea, on the bar, in sight of most of his command. Cowes for Syra, at which place she arrived on Every effort was made, by boats dispatched the 4th of August.

from the vessels present, to rescue the unforHere Admiral Farragut transferred his flag tunate party, but only three of the boat's crew to the Frolic and proceeded to Constantinople. were saved. The bodies of the lost were all The Franklin sailed for Smyrna. He reached subsequently recovered. the Dardanelles on the 6th of August, and, hav- The harmony which prevailed at the opening ing received a firman from the Sultan, anchored of the new ports was of short duration. Difin the Bosphorus, off Constantinople, on the ficulties, originating in the innovations on an8th. On the 13th of August, accompanied by cient customs and opposition to intercourse a large number of officers of the navy, he was with foreigners, appeared among the Japanese, received by his Majesty the Sultan, Abdul Aziz, and soon broke out in hostilities. in his palace on the Asiatic shore, and on a On the 27th of January, the contending parsubsequent day called on the Viceroy of Egypt, ties came in conflict at Osaka. The Tycoon, then on a visit to Constantinople. The Frank- who favored the extension of commercial inlin having been detained several days at the tercourse, was defeated, and during the night Dardanelles, awaiting a firman, anchored off of January 31st sought shelter with some of Constantinople on the 21st. Here he was en- his principal adherents on board the Iroquois, tertained by the Grand-Vizier and other offi- which was in the harbor. Protection was cials. He left the Bosphorus on the 29th, and given him until daylight, when he was transanchored in the harbor of Piræus, Greece, on ferred to one of his own vessels-of-war. the 31st of August.

On the 1st of February the several foreign At Athens he was presented to the King and ministers were compelled to abandon Osaka Queen, and upon invitation of the King was and were received and conveyed in the Iropresent at the baptism of the young prince and quois to Hiogo, where they established their attended a banquet at the palace. The Frank- legations. On the 4th of February an assault lin was visited by the King, the Grand-duch- was made in the streets of Hiogo by a detachess Alexandra Josephina, and the Grand-duke ment of Japanese troops on the foreign resiConstantine (mother and brother of the Queen), dents, during which one of the crew of the with their respective suites; also by the Greek Oneida was seriously wounded by a musketofficials and the diplomatic corps.

ball. In consequence of these outbreaks, which On the 10th of September he left Piræus, threatened the safety of the foreign population, and on the 14th arrived off Trieste, where of- the naval forces present made a joint landing

ficial calls were exchanged and other courtesies and adopted measures to protect the foreign 9 extended. He sailed from Trieste on the 27th, settlement. But on the 8th of February an

anchored off Gibraltar October 9th, and lett envoy from the Mikado arrived at the United for New York on the 18th, where he arrived States legation with information of a change on November 10th.

of government. Assurance was given that The command of the Asiatic squadron was foreigners would be protected, whereupon a held by Rear-Admiral Henry H. Bell until settlement was made and the forces withdrawn. January 11th, when he was drowned at Osaka. The Japanese officer who had command of the The command then devolved upon Commodore detachment of troops, and ordered them to fire J. R. Goldsborough, who retained it until the ar- on the foreigners at Hiogo, was subsequently rival of Rear-Admiral S. C. Rowan at Singapore executed in the presence of a number of the on April 18th. The squadron was composed of officers of the vessels-of-war. the Piscataqua, 23 guns; Oneida, 8; Iroquois, Rear-Admiral Rowan reached Yokohama on 6; Ashuelot, 10; Monocacy, 10; Unadilla, the 24th of June, and found the open ports in 5; Aroostook, 5; Maumee, 8; Idaho, 7; to- possession of the Mikado party. The foreign gether with the Shenandoah and Hartford, naval forces, in pursuance of agreement in conwhich have subsequently returned to the Uni- ference, jointly occupied Yokohama for the

defence of the foreign settlement. No serious Upon the opening of the ports of Osaka and disturbance took place there, and Rear-Admiral Hingo, in Japan, it was deemed necessary that Rowan awaited the

progress of events between a strong naval force should be present. Not the contending parties. that any serious trouble was apprehended, but After the death of Rear-Admiral Bell, Comcertain discontented factions were known to modore Goldsborough transferred his flag to exist, and the display of foreign power would, the Hartford, and left Nagasaki on the 1st of it was thought, prove a wholesome restraint February for Hong Kong, on his way to Sinon the turbulent and disaffected. A few days gapore and the United States. At Hong Kong afterward, the unfortunate event of the drown- he paid an official visit to the Chinese viceroy ing of Rear-Admiral Bell took place. His at Canton, who rules over the two extensivo communication with the shore had been inter- and populous sea-coast provinces, Kwantung

[ocr errors]

ted States.

and Fuhkien. The reception was cordial and tection of foreign residents and the customgratifying; and, to check in some measure the house. On the sacceeding day, affairs having frequent piracies, the viceroy promised to quieted, the detachment was withdrawn. On issue a proclamation prohibiting fishing-junks the 19th of the same month another force was from carrying an extra number of men, or arms, landed and remained on shore until the 26th

. or munitions of war.

in consequence of the disturbances occasioned In April the Shenandoah was sent to Corea by the assassination of Flores. to make another attempt to rescue the crew of Early in the year, at the request of Secrethe schooner General Sherman, which had tary Seward, the Wasp was dispatched to the been destroyed by the Coreans some eighteen capital of Paraguay for the purpose of bringing months previously, it having been stated upon away the American minister resident, Mr. apparently good authority that some of them Washburn. When she arrived at the seat of were still alive and in captivity. From all the war in the Parana River, the passage of the resinformation that Commander Febiger could sel through the blockading fleet was refused by gather, he concluded that none of the crew or the Brazilian authorities, and after waiting some passengers of the schooner were living. months and failing to convince them of the

The Aroostook, Lieutenant - Commander right of a neutral man-of-war to ascend the Beardslee, conveyed the consuls for Amoy and river as far as Asuncion for the purpose stated

, Foo-Choo to Formosa in April, to enable them that vessel returned to Montevideo. In August to visit the various ports on that island coming the Brazilian authorities withdrew their objecunder their charge. The savages inhabiting tion and the Wasp again ascended the river

, the lower part of this island some time ago which is of difficult navigation, owing to its murdered the shipwrecked officers and crew tortuous course, and shifting sand-bars

. Only of the American bark Rover Satisfied from the smaller class of naval vessels can ascend 10 inquiry that no foreigners were in captivity on Asuncion, on the Parana River, in the interior the island, Lieutenant-Commander Beardslee of South America, 930 miles from Monterideo. obtained assurances from the natives of kind On the 10th of September, at Villeta (below treatment to and restoration of any persons Asuncion), the Wasp took on board Mr. Taste who may hereafter be shipwrecked upon the burn and family and conveyed him to Buenos island.

Ayres. The North Atlantic squadron was under the The North Pacific squadron was under the command of Rear-Admiral James S. Palmer command of Rear-Admiral H. K. Thatcher 17until December 7, 1867, when he died at St. til August 6th, when he was relieved by Piesta Thomas. He was succeeded by Rear-Admiral Admiral Thomas T. Oraven. The squadra H. K. Hoff

, who took command on February consisted of the Pensacola, 20 guns; Móbonne 22d. The squadron consisted of the Contoo- 10; Lackawanna, 7; Saginaw, 6; Resaca, 3 cook, 13 guns; Saco, 10 ; Penobscot, 9; Yan- Ossipee, 6; Jamestown, 15; Oyane, 18. The tic, 6; Gettysburg, 9; Nipsic, 6. The squad- west coast of Mexico, the commercial ports of ron was actively employed in giving assistance Central America, and the Sandwich Islands to merchantmen and protection to citizens of have been frequently visited during the Fed. the United States wherever needed within the The importance of the whaling and commer limits of its operations.

cial interests at the Sandwich Islands is shown The disturbed condition of Hayti called for by the fact that at one time in November, 1861. more than ordinary attention to American in. forty-two American flags were flying from ths terests on that island. Instructions were from number of whaling and merchant vessels in time to time issued to the admiral in command, the harbor of Honolulu, while bat six flags of by the Government, to watch the progress of all other nations could be seen. events, and be prepared at all times to afford In June last, Rear-Admiral Thatcher, in the necessary protection to citizens. In pur- flag-ship, visited the Northwestern coast, toocksuance of these directions, the Contoocook, De ing at Port Townsend and Esquimault

. Seru Soto, Shawmut, Saco, Penobscot, Gettysburg, eral vessels of the squadron have visited tàe and 'Nipsic have, at different times, been in newly-acquired Territory of Alaska. The Os Haytien waters, and some of them have re- sipee conveyed the commissioners from San mained there for weeks successively.

Francisco to Sitka, and was present and particiThe South Atlantic

squadron was under the pated in the ceremonies incident to the transfer command of Rear-Admiral Charles H. Bell

, of the flag. The Resaca and Jamestown, sdand consisted of the Guerriere, 21 guns; Paw- though sent there primarily for the ininen nee, 11; Quinnebaug, 6 ; Wasp, 3; Kansas, 8. of the cold climate in disinfecting them of yel. The continuance of hostilities between the al- low fever, afforded such protection to citizens lied powers and Paraguay rendered it neces- as was desired. In April last the Saginsy sary to keep some portion of the force as near was dispatched to Alaska, where she remained as practicable to the scene of military opera- several months, for the purpose of making estions. On the 7th of February, in concert with plorations and surveys, and of determining the the commanders of other squadrons and at the most suitable harbors and anchorages on the request of Governor Flores, of Montevideo, fifty coast

, and in the adjacent islands. The Surs. seamen and marines were landed for the pro- nee, under orders for the same point, &

[ocr errors]

wrecked on the 9th of July, by running on a Callao, been moved up to Arica, and was there hidden rock in Shadwell Passage, while in with the Wateree, quietly riding at anchor. A charge of a coast-pilot. The officers and crew short time after the shock of the earthquake succeeded in landing on the nearest beach. was felt, the sea receded, leaving the Fredonia The vessel soon broke up, but Rear-Admiral on the bottom, and a moment after the waters Thatcher, who was at the time at Esquimault, rolled in with such power as to break her to made the best practicable terms for saving the fragments. Twenty-seven officers and men engines and other articles.

were drowned—three officers, who were on The South Pacific squadron was under the shore, and two seamen who were rescued, becommand of Rear-Admiral Dahlgren until July ing all that were saved. 14th, when he was relieved by Rear-Admiral The Wateree was thrown ashore, and left Thomas Turner. The squadron consisted of the high and dry, about 500 yards from high-water Powhatan, 17 guns; Tuscarora, 10; Kearsarge, mark. She was badly strained, and her posi7; Dakota, 7; Nyack, 6. The operations of the tion was such that the expense of any attempt squadron have been confined to the west coast to launch her would have exceeded the value of South America, in consequence of the dis- of the vessel. Under these circumstances, it turbed condition of political affairs, and the was deemed for the best interests of the Govdisasters from physical convulsions.

ernment to sell her, and the necessary direcOn the night of the 10th of January, Gen- tsons were accordingly given. But a single eral Prado, ex-President of Peru, and other man was lost from the vessel—a seaman in officers, came alongside the Nyack, and re- charge of the captain's gig, on the beach, who quested asylum from personal violence, which was carried out to sea by the waves. he apprehended from the revolutionary party. Rear-Admiral Turner was at Callao in his He also requested transportation to Chili. His flag-ship, the Powhatan, when this calamity requests were complied with, and he was safely occurred, and as a matter of security steamed landed at Valparaiso.

out of the harbor until the next morning. On The disasters to the naval vessels in conse- learning of the disastrous results of the earthquence of physical convulsions have been of quake at Arica, he proceeded to that point. an unprecedented character. They occurred The Powhatan, on application of the authoriduring 1867, in the West Indies, and in 1868, ties of Peru, was permitted to convey suron the west coast of South America.

geons, nurses, etc., for the relief of the thonA violent earthquake, which occurred in the sands of sufferers at Arica. The commanding harbor of St. Thomas, and in that vicinity, on officer of the Wateree also furnished such aid the afternoon of November 18, 1867, caused as he could to the destitute inhabitants, with the stranding of the United States 'steamer provisions from the ship's supply. The senior Monongahela, and two other vessels of the officer at Valparaiso promptly responded to squadron barely escaped serious injury. The an application of the Chilian Government, De Soto, in tảe harbor of St. Thomas, was by placing the Tuscarora at the service of swept from her moorings by the force of the the authorities to convey provisions and waves, both chains snapping, and was thrown other necessaries to the sufferers along the piolently upon the iron piles of a new wharf, coast. but fortunately the next wave carried her again In estimating the condition in which the into deep water, and she sustained but little in- navy of the United States should be mainjury. The Susquehanna, in the same harbor, tained, it is asserted that, in the event of a succeeded in getting away from her dangerous war with any maritime power, the battles position without damage.

would be fought on the sea and not on the The Monongahela, which at the time was land-by fleets and not by armies. No nation anchored off Frederickstadt, island of St. Croix, of Europe could transport any considerable kas carried by a wave over the warehouses and military force across the ocean, and if the into one of the streets of the town. She came attempt were made it would be speedily arback with the returning sea and was left on a rested. Notwithstanding the experience of coral reef at the water's edge. Fortunately, the past

, the circumstances of the navy have but five of the crew were lost, and no very not been brought up to this standard. None serious injury was sustained by the ship. As of the navy yards possess the area and apit was deemed practicable to relaunch her, the pliances, nor have they the necessary estabofficers and crew remained by the vessel. 'The lishments and machinery for manufacturing first attempt failed, but on the 10th of May a engines and

armature, nor the materials that successful effort was made. She was safely should be collected in anticipation of the nalaunched, and left St. Croix on the 13th of tional wants. In no one of the navy yards June, arriving at New York the 29th.

is there more than a single dry-dock, and On the 13th of August, 1868, a violent earth- there are but six in all-three built of stone, quake visited the western coast of South and three floating docks. The dock-yards of America, by which two of the vessels of the France and Great Britain, at Cherbourg and South Pacific squadron were lost to the ser- Portsmouth, each contains a greater number rice

. The storeship Fredonia had, in conse- of dry-docks than all the Federal yards comquence of the prevalence of yellow fever at bined.

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

1.11415

[ocr errors]

Congress, by reducing the day's labor of The available resources for the fiscal year those who work for the Government to eight By request of the Navy Department there was

ending June 30, 1868, were..

.$103, 45,704 hours instead of ten, imposed on the depart- carried to the surplus fand of the Treasury ment, as a necessity, the employment of a

on the 30th September, 1807...

65,000,000 larger number of hands to execute the same Leaving subject to draft.

$38, 468,154 amount of work; and if it had been intended There remained in the Treasury on the 30th that the per diem compensation for a working

Juno, 1868........

18,345,30 day of ten hours in outside establishments Showing an expenditure during the fiscal should, under the statute, fix the rate of wages the resources for the fiscal year 1968–69 are

$20,120,394 in navy yards, twenty per cent. would have as follows: been added to the cost of labor.

Balance in the Treasury.

$18,345,380 The estimates for labor for the current year

Appropriations, act June 17, 1863..

17,5 were based on the standard which had always Total...

$35,701, 710 previously been recognized and observed; but

There has been designated to be carried to
the surplus fund.

1,19,144 Congress, while diminishing the appropriations below the estimates, also lessened the amount Leaving unexpended and available for the

$31,572,013 of labor to be daily rendered by each individ- The estimates for the fiscal year ending June ual workman. While, therefore, the depart- 30, 1870, are as follows: ment was furnished with less means, it was

Pay of officers and seamen of the navy....

Repairs of buildings, docks, and incidental compelled to employ one-fifth more laborers expenses in navy yards..

1.*.* than in preceding years for the same amount Pay of civil establishment in navy yards, hos

pitals, etc... of work.

Ordnance, repair of magazines, etc.. The Naval Academy, during the year, was

Coal, hemp, and equipments..

1M) under the charge of Admiral Porter.' The Navigation and navigation supplies.. number of graduates at the close of the acad- Naval Observatory and Nautical Almanac. emic year was seventy-nine; the number of Repair and preservation of vessels..

Steam machinery, tools, etc.. admissions forty-nine; the total number of Provisions and clothing. midshipmen at the academy at the close of Repairs of naval hospitals and laboratories.. the year was two hundred and eighty-six. Support of marine corps.. Several midshipmen have been appointed from States recently admitted to representation in

Total.... Congress, but subsequent to such admission. NEBRASKA. Covering an area of more

The importance of the States on the Pacific than seventy thousand English square miles coast, the increasing intimacy of their citizens this young State is yet very thinly settle with the islands of that ocean, the growing The number of inhabitants scarcely amoura trade with China and Japan, and the varied to fifty thousand. She possesses, however. interests of commercial interprise which are not a few cities and towns—as Omaha

, le opening from the Indian Ocean to the islands braska City, Lincoln, and others. The of the North, require that a more complete and profitable occupations of the people seem to * systematic survey should be made of the North agriculture and the raising of cattle. Pacitic Ocean. The Brooks or Midway Islands Lincoln sprang up, as it were, out of the were discovered a few years ago and recently prairie, in midsummer, 1867, and berure surveyed by order of the Navy Department. eighteen months had elapsed was grown to The charts of the survey represent two islands such an extent in buildings and residents this: enclosed in a lagoon, forming a perfectly secure on this account as well as the prospective bebe harbor, accessible to vessels drawing less than fits resulting from its local position to the who? twenty feet, and affording an abundant supply community, the people by a majority of roei of pure, fresh water. These islands, which declared it to be the capital of Nebraska la are uninhabited and unoccupied, are situated accordance with this decision the seat of pop about midway between California and East- ernment, which, during her territorial condiern Asia, on the track of the mail steam- tion and the first two years of her existente ships, and furnish the only known refuge for as a State, had always been in Omaha, was by vessels passing directly between the two con- the end of 1868 removed from the last-named tinents.

place and permanently located in Lincoln. 4 It is represented by the naval officers who suitable building destined for that purpose bod made the survey, and also by Rear-Admiral been in course of erection for some time, ad Thatcher, that the bar at the entrance of the a portion finished, to accommodate the Ele+ harbor might be deepened at a very small ex- tive, and both Houses of the Legislature fest pense, and a port vastly superior to Honolulu opening and holding their respective sessions be thus opened to mariners, where a depot at the beginning of 1869. might be established for the supply of provi- From the numerous railway lines projected sions, water, and fuel to the ocean steam lines, and even partly executed, in other Sats and a refuge afforded to merchant-ships navi- around Nebraska, but chiefly from the worla gating that ocean.

in course of construction for the Union Pacite The resources and expenses of the navy have Railroad, which runs along on the north hens been as follows:

of the Platte, and so traverses the State in the

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

toe

66

Semaha

66

14

south

middle, through her whole length from east constitution since Nebraska was organized to west, her speedy growth would appear as under a State government, and admitted as the necessary effect of this cause, even though such into the Federal Union. In financial she possessed no internal resources of her matters, she is represented by the Governor

On the contrary, they are many and in a previous message to be almost clear of great. An unmistakable proof of such being debt. the fact is the progressive increase in the The lands given by the General Government amount of taxable property within her limits, to Nebraska for internal improvement, school which, during the last three years, has been buildings, and other purposes of public intersteadily increasing. The assessment for 1867 est, Governor Butler states to be more than was four millions above that for 1866; and the three and one-fourth millions of acres, which assessment for 1868 is nearly double the whole Congress, by an express provision in the grant, amount assessed for 1867. The official state. forbids to be sold under $1.25 per acre, while a ment for 1868, made by the State Auditor and law of the State has fixed its minimum price published in 1869, exhibits the total assess- at $5.00. The selection and entry of these inents for the last three years. It indicates lands in the name of Nebraska having now also the names of some among the counties to been completed, the Governor says that "the which the largest sums of county assessments land interests of the State have thence asbelong, or which possess the largest quantity sumed grand proportions.". As “not less than of certain kinds of property in comparison 250,000 acres of these lands, in addition to a with other counties, as follows:

large quantity of the school lands, will be Assessment for 1868 (Gage and Kearney

brought into market within the next two Counties not in)...

- $31,981.691 37 years," he intimates the necessity of creating Increase over 1867..

14,145,809 80

à distinct office for this branch of the execuJonglas County assessment.

$8,066,779
8,191,200 tive department, "for the successful manage-
1,895,432 ment of the interests of the State in the dis-

1,881,319 Richardson

1,577,007

position of them, and in the handling and in1ssegement of 16 counties north of Platte, $16,863,180 vestment of the funds derived."

The accounts of moneys due by the Federal (Gage and Kearney not in)..

15,118,511

Government to the State for military services Total.....

$31,981,691 have been settled, except a remainder of about 8608ement of U. P. R. R. (excepting land), $8,015,550 $15,000, for which the Governor asks that an ssessment of 1866..

$13,563,025 agent should be sent to Washington to prose17,835,881

cute the claim and collect the amount. The

31,981.691 toe County, amount of entered lands, 285,704 acres. same agent, he adds, should be empowered

to receive the sum of $12,000 due by virtue 215,015

of the act of Congress giving the State fivo ouglas

173,462

per cent. on the receipts from the sale of pubichardson County, number of horses...

2,862

lic lands within her boundaries. The Governor 2,835 2,435 states that he himself had recently settled the 2,096

account of this percentage at Washington, and ouglas

1,417
7,066

that the forementioned sum “is now lying in 5,404 the national Treasury, because no one has been

4,856 'ashington

authorized to receive it for the State." ouglas

2,720 Besides the great sources of wealth which 2,678 Nebraska possesses to an eminent degree in the

2,312 quality and quantity of her soil adopted both for mules

333 cultivation and pasture, vast beds of coal have ichardson

lately been discovered and ascertained to exist Dcoln

near the surface in Pawnee County, and muzlag

generally in the southern and middle portions sheep.

3,794 of the State. Beneficial as such a discovery
2,530 would be anywhere to people of all con-
1,621
1,503

ditions, producers, manufacturers, merchants,

or only consumers, it is peculiarly so to Neswine.

4,609

braska, where wood is scarce, and in whose 4,521 weekly lists of prices, published in the papers

2,806 of June, 1868, and January, 1869, coal is quoted 'ashington

1,165 at 14, 16, 20, 26, and 30 dollars per ton, according

1,110 to quality, and the shorter or greater distance of The condition, resources, and wants of Ne- the places from which it is imported thither; raska are pretty fully exhibited in Governor whereas it has been ascertained that their own atler's message delivered to the Legislature coal at the mine can be bought at $5, which t the opening of its session, in Lincoln, on cannot fail to be greatly reduced, as easy anuary 7, 1869. This was the first regular means of transportation are opened. seeting of the General Assembly under the There is also, within sight of the capital, “a

VOL. VIII.-34

1867.. 1868..

ichardson emaha

[ocr errors]

260,350 220,134

66

66

ass
toe
eraha

[ocr errors]

cattle

• toe

emaha

66

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors]

akota art

[ocr errors][merged small][merged small]
[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small]
« ΠροηγούμενηΣυνέχεια »