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taken ont and reduced, that has produced four whole war claim than has been allowed to any
hundred and sixteen thousand two hundred other State."
and fifteen dollars ($416,215) in silver bul- Concerning the present organization of the
lion. They had on hand, stored at their ore- volunteer militia, its number, equipment, and
house, at the mill, four hundred tons of ore, discipline, the distribution of its companies in-
and at their ore-house on the mine, one hun- to different localities within the State, and the
dred tons more, estimated to yield a half mil- utility derived from its service to the whole
lion dollars in bullion.

community, the Governor refers with satisfacThe ore is mostly a chloride of silver, and tion to the report of the Adjutant-General. consists largely of that class known as horn sil- “ The report gives a clear and practical view of ver, and produces bullion of the highest grade, the volunteer militia. It is many years since ranging from nine hundred to nine hundred we have had so efficient and reliable a force in and eighty-five fine. No trace of gold has been our State. The military force comprises thirty found in the bullion. As the ore is already a companies, which will be formed into three rechloride, it requires no roasting, and can be giments before the next annual encampment. reduced at one-half the cost that is usually in- The uniforms and equipments for the whole curred in reducing the ores. The first thirty force are new and in good condition, and are days' run of the company's mill, which has but all paid for. By a change made in the military ten stamps, produced one hundred and forty- law last year, it is made the duty of the Quareight thousand two hundred and seventy-eight termaster-General to furnish transportation for dollars in bullion ($148,278).

the troops when they go into encampments, NEW HAMPSHIRE. The public affairs of instead of allowing each person five cents a this State during the year 1868 have continued mile each way for travelling-fees. Under this to flow in their regular course, yet showing arrangement there will be a great saving of a marked tendency to general prosperity. This expense under the head of mileage. The cost seems deducible from the reports of the State of maintaining the State militia will now be officers on the matters belonging to their several very small as compared with last year. departments, and chiefly from the message de- "The beauty of our military system is in its livered by Governor Harriman to both Houses efficiency and its small expense. With us, one of the Legislature, at the opening of the session person performs the duties of adjutant, quarteron June 4, 1868.

master, inspector, commissary, and surgeonThe sound financial condition of the State general. There is no other State where more appears from the fact that her bonds are easily than two of these five positions are filled by disposed of at par, and even above it. Of her one individual. The only compensation of our whole debt, amounting on June 1, 1867, to officers and privates is one dollar and fifty $3,747,776.98, the sum of $260,364.98 was paid cents a day while on duty." in the following year, so that it now remains Besides military matters of present practical at $3,487,411.97. This includes the floating interest, the greatest part of the Adjutantdebt, which has been reduced to less than General's report--some four hundred pages—is $400,000. Other bills to the amount of some devoted to a military history of New Hamp$15,000 were also paid during the same period, shire from 1812 to 1861, a former report having which bad accrued before June, 1867, but were treated the same subject from her first settlepresented for adjustment afterward, and there ment as an English colony in 1623 to 1812. are at present no matured bills outstanding. This last-named period is referred to by the The Governor anticipates that the State debt Governor in his present message, stating that will be lessened this year at least $300,000 the first volume, containing the provincial rec

And, as the above-mentioned $260,- ords from 1623 to 1686, was published and dis364.98 had been paid on it in 1868, notwith- tributed last year in obedience to the order of standing the State tax was $125,000'less than the Legislature; that the second volume, a conthe year before, he suggests for 1869 “a further tinuation of the history of the Province from reduction in the tax to be assessed of $100,000.” 1686 to 1710, is now in press; and that " The State, county, and town debts amount terials for the third volume are in course of in the aggregate to $11,000,000, paying interest preparation.” The military history of Newat the rate of six per cent. per annum.

Hampshire, from its beginning in the sevenOn account of bounties advanced by the cit. teenth century to the present time, will be thus ies and towns of New Hampshire during the complete. By an act of the Legislature, aplate civil war, the General Government had paid proved July 4th, 2,500 copies of the Adjutantlast year to the State $58,245. Efforts are now General's report were ordered “to be procured made to obtain the small balance which re- for the use of the State." mains due. The sum of $14,000 was also re- A work of eminent public utility to Newceived from the Federal Government, in part Hampshire, namely, the revision, amendment, payment for uniforms purchased by the State and codification of the general statutes, ordered for her militia, and the rest will be allowed on by the Legislature in 1865, was finished last year the presentation of the required evidence which by those whom its execution had been inis now being collected. The Governor avers : trusted. The Governor expresses his gratifi“We have received a larger per cent. on our cation that“the great body of the public laws has



now been condensed within the limits of a single recommends them as worthy of being acted volume of six hundred and seventy-six pages," upon and put in execution. The report, containthe constitutions of New Hampshire and of ing a summary of statistics in regard to the pubthe United States, besides the marginal notes lic schools, teachers, and pupils in New Hampof reference, a glossary of technical words, and shire, except some ten cities and towns which a copious index of ninety-five pages included. had made no returns, is as follows: The Hereupon he observes that “laws should not number of school districts reported are 2.257; be repealed nor amendments made more fre- decrease for the year, 22; nunber of schools quently than the essential good of the people 2,487; number of scholars attending, 77: may demand."

138; decrease for the year, 709; average atThis was soon brought to a practical test. tendance, 52,476; decrease for the year, 340; By the end of the month in which the advice number of children between four and fourwas given, a joint resolution of both Houses teen years not attending anywhere, 3,228 : repealed the usury law then in force, making it increase for the year, 414; number of male dependent on the will of the parties to agree teachers, 477; number of female teachers on a higher rate of interest than the one pre- 2,465; average wages of male teachers per scribed by law. On July 3d, the Governor re- month, $34.64; average wages of female teachturned the bill unsigned, and accompanied it ers per month $19.78; whole length of sunwith a message declaring the act not justified mer schools in weeks, 22,292; whole length of by any public demand, the great mass of the winter schools in weeks, 22,241; average lengti people being satisfied with the law as it is, and of the schools in weeks, 16; estimated value desiring no change. He stated, on the other of school-houses and lots, $i,130,698; increze hand, that such a measure, being clearly in the for the year, $133,865; estimated value of school interest of capitalists and' money-lenders, was apparatus, $13,327; number of unfit schoolfraught with danger to private individuals as houses, 427; decrease for the year, 55; expenwell as the State, since her creditors would ditures in building and repairing school-bozze have thence a most plausible occasion to de- $86,192; increase for the year, $10,226; command the payment either of a rate of interest pensation paid school-committees, $10.243

: higher than six per cent., or of the principal. increase for the year, $395; number of volumes This veto, wherein the Governor says that it is in libraries reported, 55,079 ; amount raised by the first time in which he must disagree with tax for support of schools, $282,606.58;. in

: the legislative body, gave occasion to a hot de- crease for the year, $39,890.62; amount raised bate in the House of Representatives; but his by tax beyond what the law requires, $ 66,528. reasons seem to have been appreciated by a increase for the year, $5,010; amount contrilarge majority among the members, since his uted in board, etc., to prolong the schcals veto was finally sustained by a vote of 162 yeas $24,599.41; increase for the year, $4,596.8; against 96 nays, and the usury law stands un- total amount expended for schools, excluste repealed.

of school-committees' compensation, $s3 Governor Harriman calls the attention of the 465.62; increase for the year, $43, 158; average Legislature to the state of public instruction amount to each scholar, $3.69; number of vis in general and the condition of the common its of school-committees, 11,804; number of schools in particular, deploring that the Nor- visits of prudential committees, 2,518. mal School and Teachers' Institute, which For the promotion of agriculture and the once existed in the State, had been injudi- mechanic arts in New Hampshire

, the Fed ciously abolished. He urges the necessity of eral Government, by act of Congress, dated reviving it as soon as possible.

July 2, 1862, donated to the State 150.0 To improve the system of popular education, acres of the public lands, or their equivalet some effectual measures had been taken by the in scrip. Governor Harriman informs the Le General Court at its last session, and several gislature that the scrip was sold for $80.00! changes introduced, the most important of and that, in compliance with the require them being the creation of a general superin- ments of the grant, an Agricultural College tendence of public instruction as an indepen- embracing instruction in the mechanic arts dent office and a distinct branch among the has been established at Hanover, in conde executive departments. The new superinten- tion with Dartmouth College. As appears dent, though he had entered upon the duties from its programme, published in August

, 1862 of his office only a few months before, by the this new “institution will be open for the te beginning of June, 1868, submitted his first re- ception of students on the 4th of September port, which exhibits the present condition of next. The course of study covers three years the public school system in New Hampshire, with two terms a year, answering to the tal its wants and defects, in detail, and points to and spring terms of the Dartmouth College the proper means of supplying and correcting The fall term is from the 4th of September to them in order to ameliorate and complete the 26th of November; the spring term from the system. The Governor refers the Legis- the 8th of January to the 18th of April ( lature to this report, highly praising it for its portunity is thus given the students to spend fulness and accuracy as well as for the sound- the summer months at home, and, if they ness and apparent utility of its suggestions. He please, in such agricultural or mechanical ez

ployment as will be both remunerative and the Legislature their official report for the practically profitable. Topics are to be given year ending May 1, 1868, stating that "they them at the close of the spring term, on which, have made a personal examination of the confrom observation, experiment, or study, during dition of the patients, buildings, farm, and the summer, papers are to be prepared for the finances of the institution, and find it highly fall term." In the division of the varied stud- prosperous and satisfactory.

The patients ies to be pursued during the triennial course, afford every appearance of being well and the programme provides " for three classes, kindly cared for. The new building for the junior, middle, and senior. Only the junior accommodation of excited female inmates has class is to be formed in 1868, taking the studies been finished, and will be furnished and ready of the first year.

A partial course may be for occupancy in a few. weeks. Additional pursued by any who choose.” The requisites room is greatly needed for lodging apartfor admission

are, at present, only the stud- ments for employés of the asylum, for a new ies pursued in the common schools. Candi- and larger kitchen, for a cellar, and for a condates must be at least sixteen years of age, venient chapel. The finances are in a sound and, with testimonials of good moral charac- condition, and the institution is now, as it has ter, will be required to pass a satisfactory ex ever been, self-supporting; being no charge to amination in English grammar, geography, and the State, except for the erection of such buildarithmetic."

ings as are necessary for the successful proseBy a joint resolution of the Legislature, ap- cution of its beneficent work.” In order to proved July 3, 1868, the Governor was au meet the pressing wants of a new kitchen, a thorized " to appoint a State geologist, whose cellar, sleeping-rooms for employés, and a duty it shall be to commence and carry on, more spacious chapel, the trustees recommend with as much expedition and dispatch as may the erection of a building of brick, three stories be consistent with minuteness and accuracy, & in height, seventy-five feet long and forty-eight thorough geological and mineralogical survey feet wide. The estimated expense of the deof this State, ... make an annual report of his signed structure is $17,000, which amount is progress to the Secretary of State, who shall asked of the Legislature. This appropriation submit the same to the Legislature, and for- is recommended also by the Governor in his ward from time to time such specimens of message, besides a further one of $5,000 exmineralogical substances as may be proper and pended in the erection of the above-mentioned necessary to form a complete cabinet collection new building for excited female patients, beof specimens of the geology and mineralogy yond the amount previously provided for. of the State ; one complete set to the Secre- Both these sums have been appropriated by tary of State, for preservation at the capital, an act of the Legislature approved June 24th. and one complete set to the Agricultural Col- As to the expense of the asylum and the numlege, to be used in the instruction of the young ber of its inmates, the reports of the treasmen who may resort thither for an agricul- urer and superintendent give the following tural education.” They appropriated at the items: “On the first day of May, 1867, the same time a yearly sum of $3,500 "for the number of patients was 246. Of these 122 purpose of carrying into effect the provisions were males, and 124 females. The number of this act.”

on the roll May 1, 1868, was 235, eleven less A suitable room for the State Library, with than one year before, though the number of shelving for 15,000 volumes, having lately been women was only one less. The decrease in itted up at a cost of $3,000 appropriated for it the number of inmates is attributed to the ren the previous session of the Legislature, the moval of patients to county almshouses, as Governor requests them to provide for the these establishments go into operation, for the purchase of books, especially those for refer- purpose of reducing the cost of their support. ince in law and legislative matters, and of the The Asylum was opened in 1843, and the nissing volumes in law reports.” He also asks whole number of patients ever admitted is hem to forbid the removal of books from the 2,579. On the 1st of May, 1867, there was a balibrary. By a joint resolution, approved July ance in the treasury of the institution of the sum of $500 was appropriated “for $44.97. During the ensuing financial year

purpose of supplying missing volumes and there were received from various sources illing incomplete sets of the statutes and di- $64,942.41. Whole amount espended during gests." The removal of books from the library the year, $63,351.73, leaving cash on hand was also forbidden, with some necessary ex- May 1, 1868, $1,635.65.” reptions, limited to the time when the Legisla By two other acts, approved July 2d and ure is in session, and subject to such condi- 4th respectively, the Legislature appropriated ions as the trustees may impose. :

$2,000 for the education of indigent deaf and In respect to charitable institutions, the dumb persons of the State, at the American Board of Visitors of the New Hampshire Deaf and Dumb Asylum at Hartford,” with Asylum for the Insane, the Board consisting $500 more for others laboring under the same of the Governor, the Executive Council, the misfortune, to be educated at such other President of the Senate, and the Speaker of similar institution as the Governor and Council the House of Representatives, presented to may select ;" and $2,700 " for educating the



indigent blind, or partially blind persons of its wants to the favorable consideration of the the State at the Institute for the Blind in Legislature, which, by a joint resolution apBoston.” All such persons are to be elected proved June 24th, appropriated for it the sum and approved by the Governor.

of $12,000. It appears that “the State Re Governor Harriman praises the manage- form School at Manchester has cost $17,23 ment, discipline, and financial condition of the during the year, a balance against the estabState Prison, stating that it earns at present, lishment of $7,718 above all resources

, except “and will continue to earn, a thousand dollars State appropriations. During the last school a month above expenses," and that its work- year there were 111 boys and 24 girls in the shop, having lately been 'extended by authority school, and the average time each spends is a of the Legislature, “is now one of the best little more than two years." shops to be found in the country." He asks As to banking institutions, Governor Harrian appropriation “to pay off an old debt man informs the Legislature that they are gei: against the prison, and to pay for certain fix- erally sound and carrying on a profitable busitures recently put in ;” and recommends “the

He dwells particularly on the condition addition of eighteen cells" as pressingly want- of the savings banks, of which there are in ed. These wants are also spoken of in the New Hampshire thirty-one, their deposits report of the warden and inspector for the amounting, in the aggregate, to $14,250,00 year ending May 1, 1868, and in those of the $3,250,000 more than in the previous year

. A chaplain and physician, furnishing some not motion having been offered and advocated by uninteresting facts relating to the State Prison many members of the Legislature, at the last of New Hampshire, as follows: “The number session, to increase the tax on deposits in these of convicts at the date of the report was 135, banks from three-fourths of one per cent. & five of them females. From the tables of it now is, to two per cent., the Governor Fans prison statistics, it appears that the present them against the probable dangers of such : roll of convicts is the largest ever recorded. measure, lest it should drive the money out of The whole number committed since the open- the banks and out of the State, or so disperse ing of the prison in 1812 is 1,406; number dis- it as to elude the vigilance of the tar-gatherer. charged, 669; pardoned, 473; removed to the He recommends an increase of the rate of soil Asylum for the Insane, 6; died in prison, 91; tax no higher than one per cent., which waci escaped, 19. Of those now confined three are secure to the State an income of above $140.committed for life, three for thirty years, one 000. He also recommends a graduated seale for twenty-five years, and one for twenty years. fixed by legislative enactment, regulating tki A majority of the remaining terms vary from percentage allowed the savings banks treä one to seven years. Five of the convicts are urers in lieu of salaries, as these now swell in Government criminals.

some cases to seven, eight, and nine thouses? “The expectations, in regard to the advan- dollars a year, to the detriment of depositors tages to be derived from the new contracts for whose dividends are diminished thereby. the labor of the prisoners, are fully realized. The Board of Insurance Commissioners state The committee from the Governor's Council in their annual report that there are twelte state that a careful estimate for the last two mutual insurance companies now in opet months goes to convince them that the

prison, tion in New Hampshire, doing a safe busirente for the next year, will earn $8,000 above its the increase of which they anticipate

. Beside ordinary expenses.

these, there are thirty-two foreign fire at: “The commutation law passed by the last twelve foreign life insurance companies deči Legislature has been productive of the most business in the State. Their agents have cob favorable results. By this enactment, every plied with her laws by presenting to the con month of exemplary conduct on the part of a missioners the detailed statements of their for prisoner gains him a certain amount of time spective assets and liabilities, “ the amount of to be deducted from the term of his sentence. capital stock actually paid in, the outstandis

. It is thought that nine-tenths of the inmates risks, and the premiums thereon, the ante will so deport themselves as to secure the of premiums received during the preceding whole amount of commutation allowed by the year in the State, and the amount of losses paid law. Every convict who avails himself of the therein during the same period.” The report benefits of this provision is released in advance of the several fire insurance companies of other of the expiration of his original term of im- States show the aggregate amount of cash pre prisonment and thus retains the rights of citi- miums which they received in New Hamp zenship."

shire the past year to be $223,804.44; the se The Governor speaks well of the State Re- gregate amount which they have paid in this form School

, affirming that it continues to do State for losses during the same time is $18; the good work for which it was instituted 859.59, showing a balance of premiums or twelve years ago, in reclaiming the erring $9,944.85. The report of the several life ir: youth from their wayward course, and educat- surance companies located out of the State ing them to become useful members of society but doing business therein, shows an agoreale to their own advantage as well as that of the amount of cash premiums received in Metro whole community. He earnestly recommends Hampshire for the past year of $370,701.9I;

gross fraud"

the aggregate amount paid for losses within waters of the latter river as far as Woodstock. the State for the same time is $100,413.64, There are assurances that fishways will soon showing the excess of premiums to be $270,- be completed over all the dams on the Winni288.27.

pesaukee River.

The amount appropriated Concerning the resources of the State, “as last year for the general purposes of the enterpresented in her agriculture, manufactures, prise has been nearly all expended, and a simiand forests of wood and timber," the Govern- lar appropriation of $1,500 will be needed for or complains that "thus far in her history the the ensuing year.” These endeavors of the State has furnished no substantial encourage- State are well seconded by her citizens in their ment for their development.”. Referring to private capacity, the commissioners stating the reason set down at length in his previous that "a decided interest has been awakened in message, he urges on the Legislature the ear- the State, which has led to the creation, by nest consideration of the subject. Though her private enterprise, of quite a number of fishagriculture and manufactures are generally in a breeding establishments in various parts of reasonably prosperous condition, yet, to keep New Hampshire." pace with other States, he recommends that With regard to political matters, the Repubshe ought to use all the means in her power to licans in the State outnumber the Democrats push them in their forward progress. He largely. The latter affirm, however, that at says: "In the department of agriculture, and the election for Governor on March 10, 1868, particularly in that branch of it which includes their own candidate would have been elected, wheat-growing, we need to redouble our ef or was really elected, but the result appeared forts ;" stating that the cost of wheat flour an- otherwise in consequence of the “ nually consumed in New Hampshire amounts practised by the Republicans, whom they charge to six million dollars, and that “nearly all of with having tampered “with the check-lists this vast sum is paid to producers out of the throughout the State-erasing legal voters and State," when it might be retained within by substituting illegal ones-refusing to inscribe raising wheat sufficient for home consumption the names of qualified voters, and placing upon upon her soil

. By proper measures taken on the lists the signature of any citizen who would the part of the Legislature, he avers that such vote for Harriman;" adding that “the amount a result can be easily obtained, there being in of money expended to influence men to vote the State 30,000 farms of an average extent of the Republican ticket, or to refrain from vot123 acres, amounting to 3,690,000 acres; ing the Democratic, was immense—much more whereas 90,000 acres, or only three acres to than can be raised for a similar purpose in Noeach farm, if devoted to wheat-culture, would vember." In this point, however, the Repubfurnish all the flour consuined in the State, al- licans returned the charge upon the Democrats lowing the moderate yield of fifteen bushels to by publishing in the papers of April 1, 1868, the acre. He applies the same considerations that “to carry the recent election in New to the money sent out of the State for other Hampshire, money without stint was poured grain, and especially to supply her people with into the State by the Democratic party. The corn-meal, not one-half of the staple consumed vast influence of official patronage was brought by them being produced within her limits. to bear."

He urges upon the Assembly to encourage, The New Hampshire Democratic State Conby wise and liberal legislation, the develop- vention met at Concord on January 20, 1869, ment of the numerous sites of water-power in when they adopted, as a standing protest, the Now Hampshire, the construction of railway following resolutions: lines wherever needed, and hold out proper inducements to invite outside people and capital shire, in convention assemblod, declare their adhe

Resolved, That the Democratic party of New Hampto settle in the State.

sion to certain principles by them hitherto maintained, Good care is taken by the State to multiply and which in victory or defeat they will never surthe fish in her waters. From the report of the render: First, the paramount and Winding authority commissioners to whom that interest has been

of the Constitution over all departments of govern

ment and all States of the Union, to the extent of the intrusted, it appears that “since the passage powers therein granted; second, the exemption of of the laws prohibiting the catching of various every State from any interference or control not clearly kinds of fish in their spawning seasons, there warranted by the Constitution; third, the right of every has been a marked increase of the species so pro- guaranteed by the Constitution; fourth, the separation

State to an equal participation in the government, as tected," and that, “ since their last report in and proper independence of the executive, legislative, June, 1867, the work of stocking our waters and judicial departments, as provided by the Constiwith sea and other fish has made very satisfac- tution ; fifth, no privileged classes and no privileged tory progress. The propagation of fish from capital; sixth, an honest and economical administratheir eggs and the introduction of black bass tion of the government for the good of the people,

and not in the interest of inonopolies and thieves and into several of our lakes and ponds are being plunderers of the public Treasury and the national docarried forward under the direction of the main. commissioners. Fishways are already com

Resolved, That while all existing contracts entered pleted over the dams at Lawrence, Lowell, and into in good

faith should be fully kept in the letter Manchester, thus leaving the Merrimack and such just and equal taxes upon all Government bonds Pemigewasset free for the salmon to the upper and United States securities as will compeltheir hold

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