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ers to bear their just share of the burden of govern- Houses of Congress, " at least seventy repreinent, and all bonds hereafter issued should be made sentatives from ten States of the Union" besubject to State and municipal taxation at the same rates as other property.

ing excluded, “ upon the pretence that there Resolved, That the Democrats of New Hampshire were no such States in the Union," and New hereby pledge their earnest and united efforts to insure Jersey herself, having been practically denied the election of the candidates this day nominated. its equal suffrage in the Sen ate;" and pro

The resolutions of the Republican State ceeds to arraign the national legislative bends Convention, convened nearly at the same time, for its subsequent “usurpations" in passing were more full

, and decidedly expressed the “pretended laws for the estab lishment in ten views of the Republican party in the Eastern States of martial law, which is nothing but the States. The total vote for Governor was will of a military commander, and therefore 77,077; of which Walter Harriman received a inconsistent with the very nature of law, for majority of 2,523. For President the total vote the purpose of reducing to slavery men of was 69,426; of which the Republican electors their own race in those States ; or, compelling received a majority of 6,956. The majority them, contrary to their own convictions

, to esin favor of a constitutional convention was ercise the elective franchise in obedience to 127. In the Legislative body there were nine the dictation of a faction in those assemblies" Republican Senators and three Democratic, (the two Houses of Congress). This document also 194 Republican Representatives, and 138 then contains the following array of ohjeeDemocratic.

tions to the proposed amendment: NEW JERSEY. The Legislature of New Jersey assembled at Trenton on the second

It proposes to make it a part of the Constitution in

the United States that naturalized citizens of the Tuesday in January, and continued in session United States shall be citizens of the United States ; until the 17th of April, during which time no as if that were not so without such absurd decls. less than 813 bills were disposed of, and sev

tion. eral important joint resolutions adopted. With

It lodges with the legislative branch of the Gore regard to the general results of this legislation, longs, by our system, to the Executive.

ernment the power of pardon; which properiş itone of the local newspapers says: “If the It denounces and inflicts punishment for past of Legislature had done nothing more than to re- fences by constitutional provision, and thus will scind the mischievous legislation of the last make the whole people of this great nation, in their two years, and to reinstate the people in the

most solemn and sovereign act, guilty of violating :

cardinal principle of American liberty, that no pun enjoyment of their long-accustomed rights and ishment can be inflicted for any offence unless it is privileges, it would have deserved the com- provided by law before the commission of the nilence, mendations of the public; but besides this, it It usurps the power of punishment, which in sy has settled some of the vexed questions that coherent systen of government belongs to the juda have always attended the conflicting rights

ciary, and commits it to the people in their sovere.no

capacity. of the State and the people, and left the course It degrades the nation by proclaiming to the word? of future legislation comparatively unembar- that no contidence can be placed in its bonéstī or rassed.” How all this was accomplished does morality. not distinctly appear. One of the most im- publishing a libel on the American people, atd 21

It appeals to the fears of the public creditors by portant acts, rescinding past legislation, was the ing it forever in the national Constitution as a stars passage of a joint resolution withdrawing the upon the present generation, that there must be contact assent of the State to the Fourteenth Amend. stitutional guards against a repudiation of the puthe ment of the Federal Constitution. This reso- debt; as if it were possible that a people who were lution was preceded by a preamble, which set be bound by any contract, constitutional or ott:

so corrupt as to disregard such an obligation would out with the following declaration:

wise. The Legislature of the State of New Jersey, having It imposes new prohibitions upon the power of the seriously and deliberately considered the present State to pass laws, and interdicts the execution situation of the United States, do declare and make such parts of the common law as the national jadknown, That the basis of all government is the con- ciary may esteem inconsistent with the raque pin sent oť the governed ; and all constitutions are con

visions of the said amendment, made vague for ita tracts between the parties bound thereby; that, until purpose of facilitating encroachments upon the lira, any proposition to alter the fundamental law, to which liberties, and property, of the people. all the States have consented, has been ratified by It enlarges the judicial power of the United State such number of the States as by the Federal Consti- so as to bring every law passed by the State, asi tution makes it binding upon all, any one that has every principle of the common law relating to lite, assented is at liberty to withdraw that assent, and it liberty, or property, within the jurisdiction of the becomes its duty to do so when, upon mature con

Federal tribunals; and charges those tribunals with sideration, such withdrawal seems to be necessary to

duties to the due performance of which they, frea the safety and happiness of all. Prudence dictates their nature and organization, and their distana in a that a consent once given should not be recalled for the people, are unequal. light and transient causes; but the right is a natural

It makes a new apportionment of represertatia in right, the exercise of which is accompanied with no

the national councils, for no other reason than the injustice to any of the parties ; it has, therefore, been by to secure to a faction a sufficient number of t* universally recognized as inhering in every party,

votes of a servile and ignorant race to outweigh the and has ever been left unimpaired by any positive intelligent voices of their own. regulation.

sets up a standard of suffrage dependent entirtis It then declares that the amendment was not hood, and any interference whatever by the Sutter

upon citizenship, majority, inhabitancy, and marproposed by the requisite two-thirds of both imposing any other reasonable qualification, as tuis

of inhabitaney, causes a reduction of the State's rep- of the national and constitutional rights of the people resentation,

of this State, oppressive, arrogant, and imperious. The resolution itself is in these words:

That the manner in which the said joint resolu

tions were received, demonstrates the wholesome 1. Resolved by the Senate and General Assembly of truths contained in them. It confirms the statement the State of New Jersey, That the joint resolution ap- that " the origin and objects of the said proposed proved September 11th, Anno Domini eighteen hun- amendments were unseemly and unjust, that the dred and sixty-six, relative to amending the Consti

necessary result of its adoption must be the disturbtution of the United States, be and the same is here

ance of the harmony if not the destruction of our sysby rescinded, and the consent on behalf of the State of New Jersey to ratify the proposed fourteenth


of government, that the object of Congress was

to absorb to itself all executive, judicial, and legislaamendment to the Constitution of the United States tive power necessary to secure to itself immunity for is hereby withdrawn.

the unconstitutional acts it had already committed, 2. And be it resolred, That copies of the foregoing and those it had since inflicted on a too patient preamble and resolution, certified to by the President people, of the Senate and Speaker of the General Assembly, Resolved, That if it be true, as stated by the House be forwarded to the President of the United States, of Representatives, that the joint resolutions sent to the Secretary of State of the United States, to each them by this Legislature were “disrespectful to the of our Senators and Representatives in Congress, and House and scandalous in character," they were only to the Governors of the respective States.

disrespect to the House, inasmuch as they recited 3. And be it enacted, That these resolutions shall its acts, and scandalous only because they recited the take effect immediately.

scandalous proceedings of Congress. Having been submitted to Governor Ward resolutions should only be referred to in the journal and

Resolved, That the order made" that the title of the for his approval, these resolutions were re

Congressional Globe,” after a portion of the resolutions turned by that official to the Senate, in which had been read, made the record untruthful and unbody they had originated, with his objections, faithful. It recorded not what transpired, but what stated at considerable length. Such resolu- the prevailing faction desired to be recorded. It was tions, he said, had no validity. The ratifica- had closed their own, to a fair and constitutional

statetion having already been made, no further ac- ment of grievances; to a recital of their own actings tion could be taken by the State, unless the and doings; by demolishing the record and making matter were again submitted by Congress. No it only a partial witness of the proceedings. time was set for ratification by a sufficient of the resolution on the floor of the House of Repre

Resolved, That the statement made by the mover number of States, and therefore New Jersey sentatives, that it was done “ as a rebuke to a disloyal could not avail herself of any right to with- Legislature," should have been sufficient to have predraw her assent because of delay by other vented any representative from this State from voting States. Notwithstanding the Governor's ob- for said resolution. That we, on the part of the Legislajections, the resolutions passed both Houses deny the truth of the statement that the Legislature is by a two-thirds majority, and were forwarded disloyal, or ever has been, but pointing proudly to the to the proper authorities at Washington. They record for the evidence of our past devotion to the govwere submitted to the consideration of the ernment of our fathers, and constitutional liberty, we House of Representatives by Charles Haight, solemnly appeal to the people of this state to maina member from New Jersey, and were returned speech and petition, so grossly violated by the action to that gentleman before the reading of them of the House in the presentation of these resolutions ; had been completed, under the following reso- and to that end we call on them so to speak at the lution:

polls, that the House of Representatives will be

obliged to hear, be they never so unwilling, and so Resolved, That the resolutions of the Legislature to record the protest of New Jersey against the unof New Jersey, purporting to withdraw“ the assent of constitutional acts of the present Congress, that po the said State to the Constitutional Amendment, resolve of the House of Representatives can mar the known as the Fourteenth Article," be returned by record. the Speaker of the House to the gentleman who presented them, for the reason that the same are disre. On the general question of negro suffrage spectful to the House, and scandalous in character, the House of Assembly adopted the following, and that their title only shall be referred to in the by a vote of 35 to 7: journal and in the Congressional Globe.

Whereas, The Republican State Convention, which When this action of the House of Represent assembled at Taylor Hall, in the city of Trenton, on atives was made known in the Senate of New the 22d of July, 1867, did adopt, among others, the Jersey, that angust body vented its resentment following resolutions, viz. :

" Resolved, That pledging ourselves for the eradicain the following set of resolutions, which were

tion of the word "white" from the constitution of promptly acquiesced in by the Assembly and New Jersey by every legal and honorable means, we sent to the President, “ to encourage him in also call upon Congress to take measures to induce or liis efforts against a disloyal Congress."

compel all the States of the Union to establish a joint

and uniform rule of suffrage, excluding all distinoBe it resolved by the Senate, the House of Assembly tions of class, and race, and color, so that the citizens omcurring, That the return of the joint resolution of each State shall be entitled to all privileges and of the Legislature, withdrawing the assent of this immunities of citizens in the several States, and the State to the proposed amendment to the Constitution United States shall redeem its original promise to of the United States, entitled Article Fourteen, to the guarantee to every State in the Union a republican Representative who presented the same, by virtue form of government. of the resolution of the House to that effect, and Resolved, That the Republican party of New Jerche passage of a resolution, pronouncing the joint sey, encouraged by the past, and proud of the record resolations of New Jersey disrespectful to the of its Executive, and its legislativē, and its Senators, House and scandalous in character," when only a and Representatives in Congress, cheerfully accept portion of the paper had been read, was a violation the issue of impartial suffrage, as one of the most


important questions to be adjusted in the ap- The regular convention, for the nomination proaching campaign, confident that it will be sus- of candidates for Governor and other State tained by the calm judgment and patriotic sentiment of the people of the State, and the gracious approval officers, met at Taylor Hall, in Trenton

, on of Almighty God.”

the 9th of July. John J. Blair, a citizen of And tëreas, upon so vital an issue, New Jersey Blairstown, in Warren County, was unanishould not occupy an uncertain position, therefore be mously nominated for Governor, and a Board it

Resolved, By the House of Assembly of the State of presidential electors was named at the same of New Jersey, that we deem it incompatible with convention. The platform of the party, as the best interests of the people of the United States laid down on this occasion, was embraced in to place the negro upon a political equality with the the following series of resolutions: white man, by extending to the negro the elective franchise,

Resolved, That we indorse fully and heartily the Resolved, That we are unalterably opposed to the National Convention of the Republican party

, and

declaration of political principles promulgated by the establishment of negro suffrage in New Jersey by the nominations then made of Ulysses S. Grant as congressional legislation, because we hold that each President and Schuyler Colfax as Vice-President of State has the exclusive right to regulate the qualifi- the United States, and we pledge to them our 2:07 cations of its own voters. word " white” from the constitution of New Jersey, resent, New Jersey will not hesitate to give thera Resolved, That we are opposed to striking out the hearty and active support, feeling assured that wish

such standard-bearers, and the principles they emby an amendment thereto.

her electoral vote. The registry law of New Jersey was re

Resolved, That the proposition of the Democratie pealed by the Legislature and a new elec- tional debt by compelling national creditors to smert

party, to pave the way for the extinction of the 13tion law enacted, to take its place. This in payment of the national obligations a depreciated provides for a division of the townships and currency and to tax Government securities, w.en city wards of the State into election districts, they were disposed of with the specific agreement the each of which shall contain not more than they should not be taxed, is a dishonest and infana eight hundred voters. The division is to be credit, depreciate the value of our country's secar

measure, tending directly to destroy our naticca made by the mayor and Common Council of ties, and dishonor us in the eyes of the civilized world

! cities and the committees of townships, who and that such action is but in accordance wita the efare also to choose a clerk and their judges of forts of the Democratic party during and since the election for each district to perform the duties rebellion to destroy the credit of our Government.

Resolved, That the people of New Jersey owe it to already prescribed by law for “clerks and themselves to drive from power in this state the en judges of election in wards and townships which called Democratic party, who, by removing the ob are not divided into election districts.” In stacles to fraudulent voting, by attempting to undo addition to these duties, the clerk at each poll- tution, by which only the Union could be safelyem

the ratification of the Fourteenth Article of the Consti ing-place in incorporated cities and towns is structed, and by their wasteful expenditure from a required to enter on the list the place of resi- public funds of the State during the last sessionid dence of each person offering to vote; and, if the Legislature, have proved false to the interes such person refuses to state the street and committed to their charge and utterly un worthyer house in which he resides, his vote is to be re

the public confidence.

Resolved, That we congratulate the country, a jected. These are the only new features in the especially the people in the States lately in trei law.

against the Government, on the rapid restorations The Republicans of New Jersey held a Con- tħose States to their former position of equality vention at Trenton on the 18th of March, to representation and rights in the Union on the bar choose delegates to the National Convention administration of government only to the hands of the party, which was to meet at Chicago in loyal and patriotic citizens, and that the thanks May. Resolutions were adopted, asserting: the people are due to our Senators and Represents

tives in Congress assembled who have faithfullser 1. The right and duty of Congress to declare the complished this difficult and important national scs. terms on which the rebel States shall be restored, Resolved, That the brave boys in blue nobls er and commending their efforts to that end, although held the flag of the Republic amid the storms of thwarted at all points by a faithless Executive. We call upon them to rally once again around the

2. That in repudiating the consent of New Jersey standard of the great soldier who led them to victory to the Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution, feeling assurred that with their aid we will ha the Democratic Legislature transcended their powers and reversed the expressed will of the State, and hero and patriot who conquered the hosts of the it

weave the conqueror's chaplet around the brow of it? they appeal from this action to the people.

bellion. 3. Indorsing impeachment as the only constitutional mode of removing an Executive who abrogates eminent and faithful services of Hon. Marcus I

Resolved, That we recognize and appreciate the the Constitution, and desiring he shall have a fair Ward, Governor of the State, during his term of 4* and speedy trial.

fice, and we heartily tender him the thanks of the 4. Anticipating and desiring the early establish- Union Republican party of this state for the same. ment of the revolted States upon a sound and permanent basis, and a resumption of national prosperity.

The Democratic Convention, for the appoint5. Favoring General Grant for the presidency- ment of delegates to the National Convention

. deserving, as he does, the highest honors of his was held at the capital of the State on the country for his services in maintaining her honor and 10th of June. The following resolutions were

6. Warned by sad experience, they ask that the unanimously adopted : candidate for the vice-presidency may be a man of Resolved, That the Democracy of the State of Nes un blemished character and incorruptible integrity. Jersey, by their representatives here assembled, pre

7. Indorsing the official acts of Governor Ward. claim their continued adherence and devotion to be

Constitution of the United States, with all its limita- war, and will faithfully redeem all the pledges made tións of power upon the Federal Government.

in their behalf. Resolved, That it is the right of each State to deter- Resolved, That the representatives of the Democracy mine for itself all questions relating to suffrage, and this day assembled pledge to the nominees of this that any legislation of Congress upon this subject, af- convention their undivided support, believing that fecting the States, is in violation of the Constitution their election will redound to the welfare of the State and an infringement upon the reserved rights of the and the prosperity of the country. States.

The State election occurred on the same day Resolved, that the history of the Republican party, as at present controlled by its radical leaders, is char: with the presidential election in November, acterized by a series of gross violations of the rights and resulted in the choice of the Democratic guaranteed by the Constitution to the States and to candidate, Theodore F. Randolph, for Govindividuals, and at the same time a record of the inost ernor, by'a majority of 4,618. The whole vote flagrant acts of tyranny and corruption that ever disgraced a civilized and Christian people.

was 163,284, Randolph having 83,951, and Rezolved, That the only hope of the country is the Blair 79,333. The whole vote cast for presirestoration of the Democratic party to power. Under dential electors was 163,122, of which 80,121 its wise and conservative rule, the people have ever were in favor of the election of Grant, and prospered, and, on the contrary, its defeat has invari- 83,001 for Seymour, giving the latter candidate ably been the source of disaster and misrule. Rezolved, That we are opposed to all forms of repu

a majority of 2,880 votes. Five members of diation of the national indebtedness, and insist that Congress were chosen, three of whom were the pledged faith of the Government, at home and Democrats and two Republicans. The new abroad, be maintained inviolate. Resolved, That the gratitude of the people of New members in the House and twelve in the Sen

Legislature contains thirty-two Democratic Jersey is due to those brave men who maintained the honor of the flag, by sea and by land, in the war for

ate, and twenty-eight Republicans in the the preservation of the Union.

House and nine in the Senate. A Senator in Résolced, That as this is the first time that the De- Congress is to be chosen by this body in 1869, mocracy of the State have met by their representa- in place of Mr. Frelinghuysen. tives in convention since the close of the administration of the Hon. Joel Parker, it is deemed appropriate

The State received $269,613.46 during the to give expression to the general approval of his con- year from the various railroads, in the form duct as Governor of this State, in the most trying pe- of transit duties levied upon railway corporariod of the country's history, when with the prudence tions. The question of putting an end to this and wisdom of good statesmanship he fulfilled all the form of taxation has been brought to the atobligations of the State to the Federal Government, and at the same time upheld the civil and political tention of the Legislature by a memorial of rights of the people, and maintained the supremacy of the “United Delaware and Raritan Canal the civil over the military power.

Company, Camden and Amboy Railroad and Resolved, That we pledge our unwavering support Transportation Company, and New Jersey tion to assemble in the city of New York on the fourth Railroad and Transportation Company;" and day of July next; that, without intending in any way Governor Randolph, in a message to the Leto instruct our delegates, New Jersey would feel hon- gislature of 1869, recommends the enactment ored by the nomination of ex-Governor Joel Parker of a law," upon the acceptance of which by as a candidate for the office of President of the United the companies now paying transit duties (if States. Another convention of the Democracy was

such acceptance be requisite), all payments by

them of such duties, whether upon passengers held in July for the purpose of nominating

or freights, shall cease." candidates for Governor and electors, and of "expressing the sentiments of the party upon Treasury during the fiscal year ending Novem

The receipts and disbursements of the State the issues presented for the decision of the ber 30, 1868, were as follows: people in the coming campaign.” The expression of sentiments was contained in the following resolutions :

State Fund..

$572,853 06 8514,722 03 Resolved, That we heartily indorse the nominations War Fund..

932,912 65 978,493 85 of Horatio Seymour and Frank P. Blair, Jr., for Pres- School Fund..

112,820 00 135,218 09 ident and Vice-President of the United States, and Agricultural College Fund 6,924 00 6,924 00 the platform of principles enunciated by the National State Library Fund...... 1,004 15 1,050 00 Convention of New York.

Bank Note Redemption Resolved, That we congratulate the people of New Fund....

11,117 14 1,200 00 Jersey upon their spontaneous repudiation of the Re- Balance in Bank Decempublican proposition of last year, to strike out the ber 1, 1867...

24,157 23 word "white" from the State constitution and to establish political equality between the white and black Total...... 11,637,631 00 1,661,765 20 races in this State.

Rexolved, That the Democracy of New Jersey, ac- Leaving a balance of $24,134.20 in bank, be. cepting the settlement of slavery effected by the war, longing to the following funds, viz.: and by the consent of the Southern States to the Con

War Fund....

85,012 97 stitutional Amendment abolishing the institution, do,

School Fund.. nevertheless, insist upon the right of all the States,

10,383 62 under the Constitution, to regulate their own domestic

Agricultural College Fund.

545 95

State Library Fund. affairs in their own way, without congressional interference.

Bank Note Redemption Fund.. 7,845 54 Rizoleed, That the Democratic party of this State

Total........ remember with pride and gratitude the gallant ser

$24,134 20 vices of her volunteer soldiers and sailors in the late The indebtedness of the State on civil ac



346 12

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count, at the end of the same period, was A subject occupying a large share of the $93,270.71.' The war debt still outstanding attention of the present Legislature (1869) is amounts to $3,196,100. The apportionment that of reform in the government and discipline of the appropriation for the support of public of the State Prisons. The last Legislature auschools during the year is exhibited in the thorized a commission to visit various penal following schedule:

and reformatory institutions throughout the Amount of School Fund..

$35,000 00 country, for the purpose of gathering such inAmount from State Revenue.

65,000 00 formation as might form the basis of a more Whole number of children in the State between the ages of 5 and 18, according to

efficient system of government for the Ney the census of 1867..


Jersey State Prison. This commission has

submitted a report at the present session, and Appropriation.

several bills have been introduced providing for Atlantic....

4,683 $2,031 54 various improvements in this important matter. Bergen...


3,211 90 NEW YORK. The Constitutional ConvenBurlington

15,699 6,810 32 tion of New York, which met on the 4th of Camden.

11,965 5,190 48 Cape May

June, 1867, and reassembled after an adjourn: 2,323

1,007 73 Cumberland.

9,108 3,951 10

ment of two months, on the 12th of NorenEssex...

30,270 13,131 30 ber, continued its sessions for several weeks in Gloucester

6,436 2,791 97 the year 1868. The work during that time Hudson

26,104 11,324 06 was chiefly in the hands of the Committee ou Hunterdon

10,849 5,706 36 Mercer..

Revision, and some important changes were

12,043 5,224 32 Middlesex.

11,626 5,043 42

made. The suffrage clause, as finally adopted Monmouth

14,519 6,298 42 removes the property qualification required of Morris

12,019 5,213 91

negroes, by the old constitution, and admits Ocean.:

4,364 1,893 13

them to the exercise of the rights of citizerPassaic..

10,743 4,660 37 Salem..

3,032 74 ship on a footing of equality with the whites

. Somerset.

6,737 2,922 55 A registration of all qualified electors is te Sussex..

7,764 3,368 07 quired to be completed four days before the Union

3,897 74

election, and no one is allowed to register who Warren.

9,886 4,288 60

has not lived thirty days in the town or ward Total..... 230,518 $100,000 00

and ten days in the election district where be This is paid over to the county superinten- the administration of the State canals abolish

proposes to vote. The provisions relating to dents in three equal instalments, on the 15th the Canal Board and the offices of State Enof May, August, and November.

gineer, Canal Commissioner, and Canal A? Just before the close of the last Legislature, praiser, and give to the Governor authority to a bill was introduced

to incorporate

a company appoint a Superintendent of Canals, with for to act with another, under a charter from the assistants, to hold office five years

. The Court State of Pennsylvania, for the purpose of con- of Claims is to be composed of five judges atstructing a bridge across the Delaware River, pointed by the Governor. The judiciars, between the cities of Camden and Philadelphia. ticle, as modified, leaves the election of judges The subject has occupied considerable atten- to the people, but provides that the question tion since that time, and committees from the of the appointment by executive authorits two cities chiefly interested have investigated shall be submitted to the vote of the elector the subject and published reports favorable to in 1873. The judicial term of office is filed s the feasibility of the proposed work. The fourteen years. There are to be four General river at this point is upward of 3,000 feet Terms of the Supreme Court instead of eight

, wide.

and the clerk of the Court of Appeals is to be A decision was given in the Supreme Court chosen by the judges. An unpaid board of of New Jersey, in which the rights of the five persons holding office for ten years,

and a Episcopal clergy were defined on the following clerk who is to have a salary, are to take points: 1. A minister of the Protestant Epis- charge of the prisons of the State, with such copal Church has either the possession of the right of inspection into jails and other pena

! church, or a right in the nature of an easement and reformatory institutions as future Legis to enter therein, on all occasions set apart in latures shall deřne. The subject of allowing the parish for divine services, and a substantial the Legislature to exercise authority in the interference with such right will lay the ground government of cities was discussed, and a for an action at law. 2. The English ecclesias- orous efforts were made to introduce a proritical law forms the basis of the law regulating sion prohibiting and restricting such interferthe affairs of this denomination of Christians. ence, but the matter was finally left as it was 3. In order to vest the pastor with the ordi- found. When the work of revising the dit nary rights in the temporalities pertaining to stitution was finished, a law was introduced in his office, it is not necessary for the congrega- the Legislature, which was then in session

, tion to be incorporated, nor that the title to providing for its submission to a rote of the the church school should be lodged in such people. This passed the Assembly, but Fas congregation.

defeated in the Senate.

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