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He was born at Meiningen, March 11, 1821, institutions he greatly admired, and thenceforth and was educated at the Universities of Leip- made this country his home. sic and Tübingen, at the latter of which he Dec. 27.—MAYNE, Sir RICHARD, K. C. B. was a pupil of Ewald, under whom he studied Commissioner of London Police, died in that the Semitic languages, as well as the Sanscrit city, aged 72 years. He was a native of Iraand the Persic. After spending two years with land, and was educated at Trinity College, Ewald, he went to Bonn, where he devoted Dublin, and at Trinity College, Cambridge, himself wholly to philology, going through a where he graduated in 1821. The following regular course of study in both the classical year he was admitted to the bar at Lincoln and the Oriental languages, under the most dis- Inn. In 1829, upon the organization of the tinguished professors. Subsequently he occu- present London police force, he was appointed pied professional chairs in the Universities of one of the commissioners, and his executire Prague and Jena. He repeatedly declined the ability and untiring energy did much toward most honorable appointments in Russia, but, at rendering that organization so effectire. He the request and at the expense of the Imperial was a man of marked eccentricity and somne Academy of St. Petersburg, wrote a series of times was severe in his ideas of discipline, and works for the promotion of the study of Sla- the riot of Hyde Park was mainly the result of vonic philology.
his attempt to suppress the Sunday meetings Dec. 9.—DENOYER, Louis, a French jour- of workingmen. With all his eccentricities, nalist and novelist, died in Paris. He was one however, he was an excellent officer. of the founders of the Charivari and the Dec. :-DELAVIGNE, Germain, a dramatio Siècle.
writer, brother of Casimir Delavigne, died st Dec. 27.-Beerski, Count JOHN DE, a Rus- Montmorency, France, aged 79 years. In 1811 sian nobleman and officer in the Russian Army, and 1813 he produced the "Dervis," the “ Atdied in Rochester, N. Y., aged about 70 years. berge,” and “Thibault." He was the friend He was of noble 'birth, and inherited a large and colaborer of Scribe, with whom he and valuable estate near Moscow, together brought out the “Maçon" in 1823, the "Wuwith 250 serfs; but at an early age entered the ette" in 1828, the “Somnambule" in 1829, the army, and was in the campaign against the “Mystéries d'Udolphe" in 1852, and the NonTurks in 1825. He distinguished himself in ne Sanglante” in 1854. In conjunction with the army, and was promoted to the rank of his brother Casimir, he was the author d lieutenant-colonel
. On his return to St. Peters- “Charles the Sixth," played for the first time burg, filled with ideas of liberty which he in 1843. could not suppress, he emancipated his serfs. Dec. MALLEFILLE, FÉLICIEN, 'a we? In 1826, when Nicholas succeeded to the known French dramatist, died in Paris
, sze? throne, the count compromised himself in the 56 years. He was born in the Isle of Franz. insurrection of that year, and was obliged to His first dramatic composition was " Glezar leave his native country and all his possessions, von,” represented in 1835 at the Ambigu (or and seek in other countries that liberty of mique. From that time forward he wrote citthought and action denied him in his own. He stantly for the stage. Among the best-krona reached Hamburg in safety, and soon began to of his works are "Psyche," played at the la realize the embarrassment of his situation. Ac- deville in 1845 ; "Forta Spada," produced & customed to wealth and luxury, he now found the Gaîté in 1849 ; "Le Cæur et la Dot " ad it necessary to do something to procure the “Les Deux Veuves," both brought out at the means of subsistence. He was a proficient in Théâtre Français, the former in 1858, and the eight or ten languages, and thought of offering latter in 1860; and "Les Mères Repenties" himself as a teacher, but very soon abandoned produced at the Porte St. Martin and reprothe idea. He had cultivated somewhat a taste duced at the Vaudeville. His “Susceptiques for drawing, and one day, while examining an written last year for the Théâtre Français, ba? ivory miniature, the thought occurred to him played at the Théâtre Cluny, was also a great to make an effort to paint miniatures. His success. At the time of his death M. Male first attempt was the production of a marvel- fille was engaged upon the composition of s lously correct likeness of a young English lady, piece for M. Harmant of the Vandeville, exwithout any sitting. Thus he began, and in a titled “Le Gentilhomme Bourgeois," which short time his works attracted the attention of remains unfinished. prominent officers in the Danish Army, by OHIO. The Legislature of this State me whom he was introduced to the court of the on the first Monday in January, and continued King of Denmark, and recommended to the in session until the 18th of May, when it a King of Prussia. Subsequently Count de Beer- journed to meet again on the
238 of November ski removed to Paris, where he continued to Rutherford B. Hayes, elected in the preceding attract great notice as an artist. His paintings, fall by the Republican voters for Governor of which were exhibited at the Crystal Palace, the State, was inaugurated soon after the at the World's Fair, in London, 1851, won the opening of the session. The Legislature itsel
! first premium. He was afterward employed had a small Democratic majority in both to paint the royal family of Great Britain. In branches. 1859 he came to the United States, whose free One of the propositions introduced at this
session was embodied in a joint resolution re- posed amendment to the Constitution of the United
Resolved, That copies of the foregoing preamble Constitution of the United States was ratified. House of Representatives and the President of tho This subject was brought forward before the Senate, be forwarded to the President of the United inauguration of Governor Hayes, and in his States, to each of our Senators and Representatives inaugural address that official alluded to the in Congress, and to each of the Governors of the re
spective States. subject, deprecating any action of the kind
Resolved, That the President of the United States contemplated. “I submit,” said he, “that be respectfully requested to cause to be forwarded to nothing has occurred which warrants the the Governor of Ohio any and all papers on file in opinion that the ratification, by the last General the executive department at Washington, certifying
the ratification by the General Assembly of Ohio of Assembly, of the fourteenth amendment to the Constitution of the United States was not the Presiding Officer of the United States Senate and
said proposed constitutional amendment, and that in accordance with the deliberate and settled the Speaker of the United States House of Represenconvictions of the people. That amendment tatives be requested to return to the same officer any was, after the amplest discussion, upon an
certificate that may have been filed with them, or
either of them, on the subject of said ratification. issue distinctly presented, sanctioned by a
JOHN F. FOLLETT, large majority of the people. If any fact
Speaker of the House of Representatives, exists which justifies the belief that they now J. C. LEE, President of the Senate. wish that the resolution should be repealed, by January 15, A. D. 1868. which the assent of Ohio was given to that Several Republican members of the Legislaimportant amendment, it has not been brought ture entered protests against this action, and it to the attention of the public.” But the majority was moved that these protests be forwarded to in the General Assembly appear to have enter- Washington also; but this proposition was retained a different opinion from that of the jected by a strict party vote. chief executive of the State, and the following At a later period in the session, another resolutions were passed and forwarded to resolution of the General Assembly of Ohio Washington, where, on the 31st of January, was presented to the Senate of the United they were submitted to the Senate and by that States by Mr. Sherman, one of the Senators body laid upon the table.
from that State, who asked that it be read, and Whereas, on the 11th day of January, A. D. 1867, the then allowed to lie on the table. It was, he following joint resolution was adopted by the Gen- said, rather an extraordinary resolution, but he eral Assembly of the State of Ohio, to wit:
felt it to be his duty to present it. This was a Whereas, the General Assembly has received official
“Joint Resolution protesting against the reconnotification of the passage by both Houses of the Thirty-ninth Congress of the United States, at its
struction acts of Congress, and against the first session, of the following proposition to 'amend passage of certain bills ” then pending before the Constitution of the United States, by a constitu- that body, and instructing the Senators and tional majority of two-thirds thereof, in the words requesting the Representatives from Ohio “to following, to wit:
vote for the repeal of the former, and against [The words of the fourteenth constitutional the passage of the latter ; ” and was in these amendment are recited at length.]
words: Whereas, three-fourths of the Legislatures of the Whereas, the Congress of the United States has States comprising the United States are required to enacted laws and is now considering measures which, give assent to the said proposed amendment to the if enacted into laws, are, in the opinion of this GenConstitution of the United States before it becomes a eral Assembly, in direct conflict with the plainest part thereof: Therefore,
provisions of the Constitution: Therefore, Resolved, by the General Assembly of the State of Be it resolved, 1. That this General Assembly does Ohin, That we hereby ratify, on behalf of the State protest against the acts of Congress commonly called of Ohio, the above recited proposed amendment to the reconstruction acts, because the same are subverche Constitution of the United States.
sive of the rights of the States, the liberty and prosRezolved, That certified copies of the foregoing perity of the people, and the constitutional powers of preamble and resolution be forwarded by the Gov. the executive and judicial departments of the Federal mør of Ohio to the President of the United States, Government, and our Senators in Congress are hereo the Presiding Officer of the United States Senate, by instructed, and our Representatives in Congress ind the Speaker of the United States House of Rep: requested, to vote for the repeal of all said acts. "esentatives.
2. That this General Assembly does protest against And whereas no amendment to the Constitution of the passage of the bill now pending in Congress he United States is valid until duly ratified by three- requiring the concurrence of two-thirds of the judges ourths of all the States composing the
United States, of the Supreme Court of the United States to proind, until such ratification is completed, any State has nounce an act of Congress unconstitutional, because right to withdraw her assent to any proposed said proposition is plainly unconstitutional, and is
an attempt to destroy the judicial department of the And whereas several distinct propositions are com
Government. vined in the same proposed amendment, several of 3. And this General Assembly does also protest
hich are already fully provided for in the Constitu- against the passage of the bill now pending in Conion of the United States, and to which no person or gress, to take from the Supreme Court and other party objects: Therefore,
courts of the United States jurisdiction in cases Ex it resolved, by the General Assembly of the State of arising under said reconstruction acts, because said Okio, That the above recited resolution be, and the bill proposes to deny to the people any redress for same is hereby, rescinded, and the ratification, on be- wrongs and injuries they may suffer, to destroy the half of the State of Ohio, of the above-recited pro- just and necessary powers of the judicial tribunals,
and to subject the country to an uncontrolled and duty of the election judges to challenge the uncontrollable military despotism; and our Senators in Congress are hereby instructed, and our Represen- ture of African blood, under a heavy penalty
vote of every person who had a visible admir. tatives in Congress requested, to oppose and vote against the passage of said bills.
for disregarding the requirements of the law. 4. That the Governor is hereby requested to for- Any person so challenged was required to ward a copy of these resolutions to each of our Senators and Representatives in Congress, and to each
swear, from his own knowledge, that his of the judges of the Supreme Court of the United parents were married and lived together as States. JOHN F. FOLLETT,
husband and wife, that neither of his parents Speaker of the House of Representatives. had any visible admixture of African bloom J. C. LEE, President of the Senate.
that in the community in which he lived bt Adopted April 13, 1868.
was classed as a white man and associated These resolutions were adopted in the Legis- with white people, and that his children :lature after a protracted discussion, by a strict tended the common schools organized for party vote.
white children. He was further required to When the bill for readmitting the State of produce two credible witnesses, who coll Alabama to the Union was before the United swear that they were acquainted with tic States Senate, the following was sent to that and with his parents, and knew of their own body by the Legislature of Ohio:
knowledge that they had no visible admixture Rerolved, that the bill introduced in the Senate of of African blood, and that they were married the United States by the Hon. John Sherman, one of and lived together as man and wite. After al the Senators from this State, declaring the pretended this had been accomplished, the judges Fett constitution of the State of Alabama ratified, after it to tender to him the following oath or affrahas been rejected by a majority of the votes of said ation: “You do solemnly swear (or afi.z State, under the provisions of the law under which it was submitted, is another proof of the utter want of that, to the best of your knowledge and belie? good faith on the part of the friends of the so-called you are a white male citizen of the Unite Congressional system of reconstruction, and is an ad- States, and know the fact to be so fra i force or fraud, the Constitution of the United States, pedigree;" and if the judges shall then the ditional evidence of their intention to overthrow, by knowledge of both your parents and you and establish in its stead the government of an irresponsible Congressional Directory, backed by the ceive said vote, the words " challenged of the bayonets of a military chieftain.
ground of visible admixture of African blod" Resolved, That this General Assembly does protest shall be entered on the poll book opposite cui against thus forcing on a sister State a constitution voter's name. A case under this law arus st made by disfranchising any one who refused to take a test oath in favor of negro suffrage, and that we
a special election in Green County, and 1 will never recognize as legitimate any State Govern- taken to the Supreme Court at its June atte ment, so established by Congressional usurpation, sion, on a motion to file a petition in ene and our Senators in Congress are directed, and our
and the law was pronounced unconstitutione! Representatives requested, to vote against said bill.
null, and void. A large portion of the time of the legisla- Other laws were passed affecting the suljet tors was given to the consideration of the or franchise, among them “an act to prezime question of what constituted a " white" the purity of elections," which contains the
The Constitution of 1851 gave the suf- following provision with regard to student: .. frage only to white male citizens, and it has the various institutions of learning in the Suc since been several times decided by the courts A person shall not be considered or held to bure of the State, that any person otherwise quali- gained a residence in any township, city, or it fied could exercise the privilege of voting if he porated village of this state who may now be had a preponderance of " white blood.”. The such township, city, or incorporated village, the subject was brought up in the last Legislature tend, any school, seminary, academy, colle by a case of contested election. Mr. H. O. institution of learning located or established theit Jones was elected to the Senate from the Eighth attendance in such school, seminary, academic
as a pupil, scholar, or student, unless the persoa Senatorial District by a majority of the votes lege, university, or other institution of learning actually cast, but Mr. H. M. Onderdonk ap- such pupil, scholar, or student, was a legally quite peared to contest his right to a seat in that elector of the township, city, or incorporated Film body on the ground that a part of the persons in which the same is located or established, or voting for him had an admixture of African the pupil, scholar, or student, shall upon his blood, and were therefore disqualified from that it is his intention to make such township.
declare that he has no other place of resident, e. voting by the provision of the Constitution
or incorporated village, his place of permet which gives the suffrage to "white" citizens residence, or unless the parent or paretis of only. The subject was referred to a commit- pupil, scholar, or student, had an actual resten tee, who reported in favor of ousting Mr.
therein in accordance with the foregoing propter Jones and giving the seat to Mr. Onderdonk, intention of making the same such residence term
of this section, or had removed thereto sito alleging that a "visible admixture” of African at the same time, or since, such attendanæ ** blood was sufficient to disqualify a person from menced. voting. Their report was adopted by a vote The inmates of the asylum for disabled za of 18 to 16. This action was afterward forti- diers were also disfranchised, and the followis
: fied by the passage of a law, known as the provision made regarding the ballots to be casu "visible admixture law," which made it the at elections:
That all ballots voted at any election held in pur- forco. a Government for them are unconstitutional,
people; and it would inevitably lead either to a war of
several acts of Congress, under which the bonds repconstitutional majority in the House.
resenting the debt were issued, but not otherwise, The political conventions were held in the and we are opposed to any plan for extending the early part of the year. No governor was to times of payment, thus increasing the amount of gold be nominated, but several other State officers,
interest to more than the principal, or to any declaratogether with delegates to the national Con- which would virtually add more than a thousand
tion by Congress that the principal' is payable in gold, ventions and presidential electors, were to be millions to the burden of the debt, and to the whole named. The Democratic Convention assembled insane financial policy of which these measures are a on the 8th of January, and nominated Thomas part. Hubbard for Secretary of State, and William ancient faith that gold and silver coin form the cur
Resolved, That, neither forgetting nor denying our E. Finck for Judge of the Supreme Court.
rency of the Constitution, we declare that the fiveThe position of the party on the various po- twenty bonds should be paid in the same currency relitical questions of the day was defined in a ceived by the Government for their issue, and that, by long series of resolutions. The general tenets the withdrawal of the monopoly granted to the Naof the party were set forth in the following:
tional Banks, this result can be accomplished without
an undue or dangerous increase of paper money, now Resolved, That, unalterably opposed to the doc- the only circulating medium, thus relieving our peotrines which lead to consolidation, we renew, with un- ple from the burden of a debt, the tendency of which flagging zeal and increased energy, our attachment to is always to corrupt and enslave, and our Governthat political creed which has ever been so stanchly ment from the reproach of paying a favored class in adhered to by our organization through days of gold, while discharging its debts to all others, introuble and disaster, as well as good fortune and pros- cluding pensions to widows and soldiers, in an infeperity, which was thus expressed by Thomas Jeffer- rior currency. son : "Equal and exact justice to all men, of what- Resolved, That this plan violates no law, impairs ever state or persuasion — religious or political -- no contracts, breaks no faith, and, instead of retarding peace, commerce, and honest friendship with all na- a return to specie payment, is the shortest because tions, entangling alliances with none; the support the only safe way of reaching that end. of the State Governments in all their rights, as the Resolved, That all the property of the country, inmost competent administration of our domestic cluding the Government bonds, which receives the concerns and the surest bulwark against anti repub- equal protection of the Government, should bear an lican tendencies; the preservation of the General equal share in its burdens. Government in its whole constitutional vigor, as thu sheet-anchor of peace at home and safety abroad; a
They then condemn the doctrine of perpetjealous care of the rights of elections by the people, ual allegiance, speak a word of encouragement and the supremacy of the civil over the military for Andrew Johnson “in his struggle with authority.”
Congressional usurpation,” thank the soldiers With regard to the reconstruction acts of
of the late war for their “fortitude and galCongress and the position of the negro, they lantry," and close with the following: Resolved, That we condemn the legislative usurpa: neither the purpose nor desire to reëstablish slavery,
Resolved, That the Democracy of the country have tions of Congress, and particularly the several acts of reconstruction, su called, as violative of the consti
nor to assume any portion of the debt of the Statee
lately in rebellion. tutional compact between the States, and as utterly subversive of every principle of self-government that The Republican State Convention met at distinguishes a free people. Resolved, That we are opposed to any measures
Columbus, on the 4th of March, and organized which recognize that the integrity of the Union was
by electing Lieutenant-Governor Jno. O. Lee ever broken-that any of its members were ever out for President, with a Vice-President from each and that we determinedly insist that the Southern Congressional District. Isaac R. Sherwood States, no longer being in insurrection, or at war was nominated for Secretary of State; and with the Federal Government, are entitled to the full William White for Judge of the Supreme representation in Congress, and the electoral college given to all the States, and that denial of either to
Court. The platform of the party in Ohio them by Congress and its efforts to dictate by military was set forth in the following resolutions:
Resolved, by the Union party of Ohio in convention and the reduction of the army and navy, and tze assembled that the National Republican Union thorough revision and simplification of our system of party, having preserved the integrity of the country, Federal taxation, so as to equalize and lighten the having defeated the atrocious attempts lately made burdens of taxation of the people. to inaugurate appeals to arms and civil war from the Resolred, That the Republican party pledges itele legitimate results of legal and constitutional elections, to a faithful payment of the public debt, according to and having placed American nationality on the solid the laws under which the five-twenty bonds were is foundation of liberty and the rights of man, will elect sued; that said bonds should be paid in the currency to the Presidency of the United States, next Novem- of the country which may be a legal tender when the ber, a man under whose administration will be com- Government shall be prepared to redeem such bondi. pleted the great task of reconstruction on the basis of Resolved, That we heartily approve the polies of nationality, liberty, and true democracy, and who, Congress in arresting contraction, and believe tha: with firmness, yet with moderation, with justice, yet the issue of currency should be commensurate with with charity and liberality, with unswerving loyalty, the industrial and commercial interests of the priyet with prudence and statesmanship, will heal the ple. wounds of the war, reconcile the hostile elements, Resolved, That justice and sound policy regir: and, by his wisdom, economy, rectitude, and good that all property should bear its equal share of para faith, will restore those sections of the country, which burdens, and that this principle ought to be applied rebellion has desolated, to prosperity and happiness, to all United States bonds hereafter issued by maiand, with the hearty coöperation of the people's rep- ing them liable, by express provisions of law, to tiek resentatives in Congress, will establish the relations tion precisely as other property. of the several States to a regenerated Union, and to Resolved, That we urge upon the National authorithe blessings of everlasting domestic peace.
ties the propriety of initiating negotiations to establ.a. Resolved, That, at this juncture, the eyes of the international rules of expatriation upon the basis of country are directed to one man who is eminently our naturalization laws, so that each nation shall ri qualitied, by his character, position, antecedents, and ognize naturalization by the other as terminating the the universal confidence which he enjoys, to secure a former allegiance and conferring all rights of citize triumphant election next November, to terminate, ship; and we affirm the duty of the Federal Gores; when in office, the present state of transition and sus- ment to extend adequate and cqual protection to u? pense, and to guide the nation to a new era of good · its citizens at home and abroad, native and naturafeeling, and to restore confidence.
ized, when in the legitimate and peaceable eferente Resolved, That with Ulysses S. Grant as our candi- of their legal or natural rights. date for the Presidency, and Benjamin F. Wade for Resolved, That we reiterate, to the soldiers and sathe Vice-Presidency, and the history of the last seven ors of the Republic, our expressions of heartielt zet: years for our platform, we may confidently appeal to tude for their heroic sacrifices and services, amb the loyalty, patriotism, and intelligence of the Ameri- will forever be held in affectionate remembrance tī can people.
the American people, and that, while we call upot Resolved, That the chief obstruction to the pacifica- them to sustain at the ballot-box the great tos tion of the country has been the persistent opposition which their valor and endurance have saved in te of Andrew Johnson to the reconstruction of civil field, we pledge to the maimed who survive, snit? government in the rebellious States under the au- the widows and orphans of those who fell, the pat Se thority of national legislation, by keeping alive the faith for the payment of all their pensions and beverspirit of rebellion, and reviving the hopes of a resto- ties. ration to political power of its great ally—the Demo- Resolved, That we remember with pride and satiscratic party,
faction the services of that noble patriot and said Resolved, That we approve and applaud the action man, and son of Ohio, Edwin M. Stanton, and is of the House of Representatives in the recent exercise we hereby heartily indorse his recent oficial do of the high constitutional prerogative by the impeach- in retaining his position as Secretary of We ment of Andrew Johnson for high crimes and mis- trust that his great experience and ability will be demeanors in office; believing it to be the constitu- continued at the head of the War Department. tional function of the Senate, sitting as a court of justice, to finally determine every question of law and At the State election on the second Tuesdir fact arising in the course of the prosecution, we in- in October, the Republican candidates were voke from all parties a peaceable and law-abiding elected. The whole vote cast for Secretary of subinission to its judgment in the case.
Resolved, That by the indecent haste and precipita- State was 516,747, of which Sherwood ro tion with which the Democratic Legislature of our ceived 267,065, and Hubbard 249,682, the State rescinded the resolutions ratifying the fourteenth giving the former a majority of 17,383. amendment to the Constitution of the United States, and thus condemned the propositions contained in from the rooms of the Democratic State Ele
On the 19th of October, an address issued said amendment-propositions which the people of Ohio, after a full and exhausting discussion, had en
utive Committee, to the “Democracy of Ohin." dorsed with over forty thousand majority—the Demo- which, “without pretending to deny that the cratic party has again manifested that its restoration results of the recent elections were injurioas to great struggle, undo what has been accomplished by of local tickets and many patriotic Demoeris.
the best interests of the country in the detes confusion, and the dangers of secession, disintegra- declared that there was nothing in those retion, and perhaps a war of races, and that, to avoid the sults to justify despondency or excuse any te of all true lovers of their country to unite, disregard half of the cause of justice and constitutional ing for the time being all side issues or questions of minor importance, until the danger of a futal reaction liberty." After showing that the Demommy has passed, and the fruits of the war are permanently had gained “ten or fifteen thousand votes ou secured by the election of a loyal, reliable, and pa- the State ticket," and in 1864 polled 18.00 Resolved, that we cordially approve the determi- October election, the address closed by implora
votes more at the November election than st the Government, and that we urge upon the national ing the “gallant workers and voters of the Deri. Legislature the necessity of the strictest economy ocratic party to keep right on with the work