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quarters in Paraguay might be. These (in On the 16th of June, the acting Portuguese January, 1869) were said to be about 50 miles Consul, Pereira, fled from his chacra at Trinfrom Asuncion, and he was said to be intrenched idad, and sought refuge at the American Legawith 5,000 men.

tion. He was induced to this step in conseEarly in the year, the Government of Para- quence of a notice he got from the French Conguay believed to have discovered a wide-spread sul of the feelings of Lopez toward him. Mr. conspiracy against the rule and even the life Washburn at once admitted Pereira, although of President Lopez, and a number of the most at the time there were four pickets of solprominent men of the country were arrested. diers around the Legation. On the 20th of No trustworthy information about the origin of June, the Paraguayan Government demanded the pretended conspiracy was ascertained dur- of Mr. Washburn a list of all parties at the Leing the year, but in January, 1869, it appeared gation, which Mr. Washburn supplied on the from documents said to have been found in the 22d of June. camp of Lopez, after the capture of Angostura, On June 27th, Gumecindo Benitez, Minister and from the statement of several Paraguayans, of Foreign Affairs, demanded almost perempthat the suspicion of Lopez was awakened in torily that Pereira be delivered over to the February, 1869, when the iron-clads appeared police officers. Mr. Washburn, in reply, rebefore Asuncion, carrying with them the news minded the foreign minister of the strange that they had passed the hitherto invincible character of this request addressed to him. Humaita. There was a general desire for & He pointed out, also, that the character of a gathering, according to these statements, to talk consul is considered almost as sacred as that of common danger, and to devise means of of a minister, and declined to give Pereira up. defence. Lopez regarded all the men who had Minister Benitez, on July 4th, pointed out met that day, and all the foreigners of the that, from Mr. Washburn's letter, stating that city, as conspirators against him. The military it was in consequence of a communication from officers he shot at sight, the civilians were im- the French Consul that Pereira had gone to prisoned and in the course of time tortured the Legation, it would seem that he received until they perished, or else he had them execu- Pereira as a refugee, and not merely as a guest, ted in some barbarous manner. From the and therefore "requested ” that Pereira and papers found in the camp of Lopez, it was all others “who, not belonging to the Legation, ascertained that, at San Fernando, 90 prisoners are at present in it, some as guests and others in were shot, among whom was the Minister of other capacities," be dismissed from the hotel Foreign Affairs, Berges. On December 21st, a before sunset the next day. large number of prisoners were shot at Loma Mr. Washburn replied that all the gentlemen Negra, among whom were Barrios and his wife, referred to in the correspondence, in order to & sister of Lopez, Benigno Lopez, a brother of save him from embarrassment, had declared the President, and the Bishop of Asuncion. their readiness to leave, and would leave the The mother of Lopez had been exiled for hav- same day. There would only remain Dr. Caring asked him to pardon her children.

reras, formerly Vice-President of Uruguay, Closely connected with this pretended con- Señor Rodriguez, formerly Secretary of the spiracy was the difficulty between President Uruguayan Legation, Mrs. Pereira, and two Lopez and the Minister of the United States in American ladies. Asuncion, Charles A. Washburn. Previous Minister Benitez, in his reply of July 12th, to February, 1868, Mr. Washburn was on good insists that the Orientals, Dr. Carreras and Dr. terms with the Paraguayan Government. On Rodriguez, should be dismissed from the Legathe 224 February, a decree came ordering every tion. He permits, however, the ladies, friends one to leave Asuncion. Mr. Washburn refused and attendants of Mrs. Washburn, to remain. to remove, alleging that his Legation was The demand was again complied with, alAmerican territory. All the foreign consuls though Mr. Washburn, in his reply, stated that fled the city, and, with the exception of the he was fully convinced of the entire innocence American minister, none dared to disobey. of the two Uruguayans, both of whom had Some twenty-two English, some two or three been steadfast friends of the cause of Paraguay. Americans, and a few others, sought refuge at On July 13th, Minister Benitez demanded the Legation. Mr. Washburn advised those the dismissal of the American citizen Cornepeople first to apply to the Vice-President, and lius Bliss, and of the Englishman, George that, if the Government had no objection, he Masterman, " accused of crimes not less grave would take them in. The Government con- than the others" already dismissed. On July sented, and accordingly Messrs. Carreras, Rod- 14th, Mr. Washburn declined to accede to this riguez, and servant, Bliss, Manlove, and Duf- request, stating that Mr. Masterman was the feld, besides twenty-two English, took up medical attendant of his family, had been mentheir quarters at the American' Legation. tioned as such in his communications to the Masterman, it appears, had been a resident at Foreign Ministry, and that he considered him Mr. Washburn's house for fully eight months recognized as a member of the Legation. On previously. Most of the foreigners after a July 23d, Minister Benitez demanded the imwhile left the Legation, and as soon as they mediate delivery of a sealed packet of commuleft it were arrested.

nications which the ex-Minister of Foreign Affairs, Jose Berges, “personally delivered to fetters, nearly all the foreigners in Paraguay, and alyour Excellency.” Mr. Washburn denied that terward entered their houses and taken away their he ever received such a package. In a long money on the miserable pretext that, finding les in letter, on July 23d, Benitez distinctly charged money in the country, must, therefore, have robberi Bliss' with conspiring to accomplish the it from the government. “treacherous assassination of the President of In November, Rear-Admiral Davis, cornthe Republic," and denied emphatically that manding the United States squadron in the they were recognized as members of the Amer- Paraguayan waters, accompanied, with several ican Legation.

vessels, the new Minister of the United States Minister Benitez, in a long letter dated July to Paraguay, General McMahon, to the place 31st, gave the substance of an interview he had of his destination. On December 30, Admiral with Mr. Washburn, in which he charged him Davis anchored at Angostura and communicatwith conspiring with the ex-Minister of For- ed with Lopez. The Dictator came to the eign Affairs, Señor Berges. On August 3d, river-bank, had an interview of three bours Mr. Washburn categorically denied the accusa- duration with the Admiral, was courteous and tions made against himself personally.

frank in his demeanor, and declared that he inBenitez replied, quoting at length, against tended to accede to the demand of the United Mr. Washburn, statements of Carreras and States and deliver up the captives Bliss and others at that time in Lopez's power, which Masterman. Some correspondence ensued. seemed to implicate Mr. Washburn. Mr. Wash- and, on December 10th, Bliss and Mastermin burn, in reply, explained at great length the cir- were sent on board the flagship. On the 12th

, cumstances under which he sent letters abroad, the new American Minister, General McMahon, and repeated again and again his denials of com- landed, presented his credentials, and was de plicity with the alleged conspirators. The cor- ceived by Lopez with great friendliness an} respondence was continued in this style until the customary honors. The American vessel the arrival of the United States war vessel withdrew to Montevideo. Wasp. At the first interview of Captain Kirk- PARSONS, Usher, M. D., a physician, med land, of the Wasp, with President Lopez, the ical professor, and author, born in Alired, latter threatened to keep the United States York County, Me., in 1788; died in ProviMinister as a prisoner in the country, to which dence, R. I., December 17, 1868. The early Captain Kirkland replied, that in that case the education of Dr. Parsons was obtained in the Government of the United States would not vicinity of his native town, the schools and only use its whole power promptly to punish academies of that part of Maine having kuz him, but would hunt him, if necessary, through had a high reputation. Having acquired all South America and even through Europe. good academic education, he went to Boston

, Mr. Washburn was subsequently allowed to go and entered the office of Dr. John Warren s on board the Wasp, but Messrs. Masterman a medical student, and had just become quajand Bliss, while on the way to the vessel, were fied to practice when, in 1811, he entered the arrested.' On board the Wasp, Mr. Washburn, naval service, and joined the frigate Joha on September 12th, sent a final letter to Lopez, Adams, in 1812, as surgeon's mate. The u in which he says:

ficers and crew of the vessel volunteering for The declarations of Berges, your two brothers, Ve- service on the lakes, Dr. Parsons went with nancio and Benigno, and Sr. Urdepilletta, as given in them, reaching Erie' in June, 1813. Grai the notes of your two last Ministers of Foreign Rela- sickness prevailed in the fleet at this time, to tions, in so far as they implicate me of having any such an extent, indeed, that finally the only know it; and you know that not one of them would surgeon fit for duty was the deceased, on wh.ca confirm or affirm the declaration imputed to him if he devolved the task of attending to the siek were out of your power, but would deny it in toto, men. At the battle of September 10th, he was and declare that he had never made it, or that he had the only medical officer on duty, and was a done so under torture. Declarations of that kind, board the flagship Lawrence, commanded by outside of Paraguay. Not one word of them will be Commodore Perry, during the engagement. believed, and, that all may not be denied by them, His efficiency and courage during the day you you must not only kill off all the persons wño have the admiration of his commander, who, in bis made them, but all by whom they were extorted. Before finally leaving Paraguay, it is my duty to in most flattering terms to the young sorteile

report to the Secretary of the Navy, referred two members of my Legation, Porter Cornelius Bliss closing his remarks by stating that in the and George F. Masterman. Their arrest in the street, event of his having another command he shock as they were going with me from the Legation to pass on board the steamer, was as gross a violation of Dr. Parsons with him as surgeon. For bis

consider himself peculiarly fortunate in baring the laws of nations as would have been their seizure by force in my house. It was an act, not only against conduct on this occasion, Dr. Parsons wisa! my government, but against all civilized powers, and pointed a full surgeon in the navy, with a conplaces Paraguay outside the pale of the family of na- mission bearing date of September 10th, the day tions; and for this act you will be regarded as a com- of the battle. In May, 1814, he was ordered mon enemy-one denying allegiance to the laws of nations.

on board the Lawrence, which, with the fictt having seized and made prisoners, and loaded with for the purpose of transporting the troops You will also be regarded as a common enemy for under Commodore Sinclair, sailed to Mackinso

23 231 137 155

5 248

In number of teachers..

destined to attack Detroit. The attack failed, The increase in these items, as compared and in November following the deceased was with those of last year, is as follows: ordered to the frigate Java, at the request of In number of districts. Commodore Perry. His services from this In number of schools.

In number of graded schools. time were not of particular importance. In

In number of school directors. 1823 he resigned his commission, married, and In number of superintendents.. settled in his profession in Providence, R.

In number of pupils.

11,126 I. Dr. Parsons was at one time Professor of In the average number of pupils..

27,234 Anatomy at Dartmouth College, Professor in In cost of tuition, building, etc., and contin


$1,037,136 08 Brown University at Providence, President of In total cost, including expenditures of all the Rhode Island Medical Society, and first klnds....

1,039,787 79 Vice-President of the American Medical Asso

The average cost for the tuition of each puciation. He was also the author of several pil is about $7.747. The average amount paid medical works and other literary productions. to each teacher is 195.174, the average wages

PENNSYLVANIA. The financial condi- for male teachers being $37.28 a month, and tion of this state shows considerable improve those of females $28.76. It is a noteworthy fact, ment during the year. On the 1st of Decem- that, while the number of male teachers in the ber, 1867, there was a balance in the treasury Staté, exclusive of the city of Philadelphia, has of $4,661,836.46. The ordinary receipts for diminished by 1,256, the number of female the fiscal year ending November 30, 1868, teachers has increased by 3,932. The average amounted to $5,216,049.55. The ordinary ex- length of the school term for the year is 5 penses of the government for the same period months, 193 days. were $2,454,506.09 ; loans were redeemed to

An inquiry was set on foot, during the past the amount of $4,417,463.64, and $1,979,690.91 year, by the board of controllers of the city vere paid in interest on the various State loans. of Philadelphia, to ascertain how many chilOther payments were made to the amount of dren in that city did not attend schools of any $12,800, and at the close of the year there were kind. The census was taken by the police, un$1,013,415.37 the public treasury. The der the direction of the mayor, and revealed State debt of Pennsylvania amounted on the the somewhat startling fact that, out of 150,000 Ist of December, 1867, to $37,704,409.77. children between the ages of six and eighteen, During the year following that date it was re- 20,534 attended neither public nor private luced to $33,286,946.13. The indebtedness of

schools. A similar state of things has been he Commonwealth on the 1st of December, found in other places, and it is estimated that 868, was made up of the following items: in the whole State there are 75,000 children Funded Debt.

whose education is entirely neglected. In con$25,311,180 00

nection with this subject of popular education 7,749,771 56 * per cent loans.

'112,000 00

the following facts are of interest : Total funded.

-$33,172,951 56 There were admitted into the houses of refUnfunded Debt.

uge of the State, during the past year, 636 Relief notes in circalation.....

$96,415 00

children, whose average age was 145 years. nterest certificates outstanding. 13,086 52

Of this number there were, who did not know nterest certificates unclaimed... 4,418 38 Jomestic creditors' certificates..

the alphabet, 57; who knew the alphabet only, Total unfonded....

113,994 57 92; who could read poorly, 262; who could Total funded and unfunded...... $33,286,946 13

read well, 21; who could not write, 246; who

could write poorly, 177; who could write tolerThe State has a sinking fund which, during ably, 94; who could write well, 19. he last fiscal year, yielded the sum of about

There were in the almshouses of forty-six 33,000,000.

counties the year 1867, when visited by the The last Legislature increased the State ap- connty superintendents who made the reports, propriation for the support of public schools 2,809 persons over ten years of age. Of these rom $350,000 to $500,000. The following

1,181 tatistics relating to common schools are taken The number who could not read was..

The number who could read a little.

1,189 'rom the official reports:

The number who could read well.. The number of school districts in the State

The number who were good scholars.. 1,918

There were in the jails of the same number

13,666 amber of graded schools.

2,382 of counties, as reported by the same officers at sumber of school directors amber of superintendents.

11,698 the same time, 1,601 occupants. Of whomSunber of teachers..

16,771 The number who could not read was..

The number who could read a little was.. trerage number of pupils..

The number who could read well was.. Cost of tuition for the year.

$3,273,269 43 The number who were good scholars was.. Jost of building, purchasing and renting school-houses.

1,991,152 65 There were received in the Eastern PenitenCost of contingencies..

854,253 21 Total cost for tuition, building, etc., and

tiary, for the year 1867, 291 convicts. The contingencies.

6,118,675 19 classification of these, by the officers of the Total cost, including expenditures of all

6,200,537 96 prison, according to their educational relations, Estimated value of school property.

per cent. loans. per cent, loang.

44 67


412 70

is Number of schools

Sumber of pupils..


434 840 504 123

10,556,765 00 is as follows:




62 attempt was made to have the question of so Read only. Read and write.

203 amending the constitution of the State as to Good education....

2 give the rights of suffrage to negroes, submitThe whole number of convicts received at ted to a vote of the people, but the proposition this prison is 5,975. Of this number there have received only 13 votes in its favor in the House been

of Representatives, while 73 were recorded Or illiterate....

against it.

1,210 Of those who could read only..

1,019 The following resolution was introduced, and Of those who could read and write..

3,714 referred to the Committee on Federal Rucls. Of those well instructed....

tions: The normal school system of Pennsylvania Resolved, That we, the representatives of the ser contemplates the ultimate establishment of ple of Pennsylvania, urge upon the Secretary of Siaka twelve institutions in different parts of the Hon. William H. Seward, the propriety and imporState. Of these, four are already in operation mand of the British Government the immedia:e ré and two others have their buildings in process lease of all American citizens imprisoned for allege of erection. The number of students at the political offences, and to insist upon the adoptioas four schools already established was 2,121 dur citizen on British soil such immunities and prote

some fixed policy that will insure to every America ing the past year; 1,702 were in the normal tion as he is entitled to under the laws of a przed department and 419 in the model schools. The republic. number of graduates at all the schools was 77, all of whom declared their intention to become

When Edwin M. Stanton (who was a cititeachers in the common schools of the State. office of Secretary of War, by the Presideet

zen of Pennsylvania), was removed from the The prosperous condition of these institutions and restored to that position by the action is shown by the fact that they expended $30,- of Congress, the following joint resolution sa 991.47 in improvements during the year. The two schools not yet completed are at Blooms- the Senate of the United States, where it was

adopted by the Legislature and forwarded to burg and California. The Agricultural College in Centre County,

allowed to lie on the table: which has been heretofore considered a com- 1. Resolved by the Senate and House of Repairs parative failure, has received the attention of tives of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania in Gente the Legislature, and is in a fair way to be put wealth hail with joy the restoration of Hon. Edwria

Assembly met, That the loyal men of this Cornea on a basis which promises much for its future M. Stanton to the office from which he has been ile usefulness. The interest upon a fund of $318,- gally excluded, and that the thanks of the people o 500 has been appropriated to the endowment Pennsylvania are hereby tendered to the Senates of this institution, and $43,886 have been de- who have by their action in this case vindicated s

meritorious officer and rebuked an apostate Presivoted to the purchase of three model and ex- dent. perimental farms—the largest at the college 2. Resolved, That it is the universal wish of the in Centre County, one in Chester County, and loyal men of Pennsylvania that Hon. Edwin M. Sien the other in Indiana County. The board of

ton shall retain the office he now holds; that he Ttrustees has reorganized the faculty, and re

sink his personal wishes for the public good, and ts: modelled the course of study, and the new or

the country, more than ever requiring his series may again

rest in security with the unflinching to der of things is expected to go into full oper- retary at the head of military affairs. ation some time during the year 1869.

3. Resolved, That while the suspension of Mr. Ste There are several schools for the instruction ton for a time so unnecessarily and unjustly from the of soldiers' orphans, which are supported by to the country that the great leader of the l'aię

War Office is lamented, it is cause of congratulse the State. The total expenditure for this pur- armies, General U. S. Grant, was the Secretaria pose, from the 1st of December, 1867, to the interim, who brought to the administration of the 31st of May, 1868, was $236,370.26, and the office that courage, energy, ability, and loyalis

, total number of pupils in the schools was

delighted the heart of the nation in the darkness 3,431. At Media is a training-school for fee- and confidence in future.

rebellion in the past, and directs it to him with bepe ble-minded children, where physical, mental, 4. Resolred, That the Governor of the Comro* and moral training is systematically applied to wealth be requested to forward copies of these those defective natures which develop only lutions to the Secretary of War and the Senate of tons

United States. under the most assiduous care. Since the


Speaker of the House of Representatives foundation of the institution in 1853, 501 in

JAMES L. GRAHAM. mates have been received, and, in most cases, a very satisfactory degree of improvement has Approved the 11th day of February, A. D., 156. been attained in the condition of those gener

JOHN W. GEART. ally regarded as hopeless. This school is sup- The following relates to the impeachaert ported by funds established by the States of of President Johnson : Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and Delaware, and Whereas, Andrew Johnson, President of the by private benefactions.

United States, in disregard of a law pasued by The Legislature of Pennsylvania meets on

constitutional majority of Congress orer his veta, is the first Tuesday in January. The last ses

sued an order to remove E, M. Stanton as seen it? sion continued until the early part of May, but General of the United States Army, Secretary of its

of War, and appointed Lorenzo Thomas, Ades no laws of general interest were passed.' An ad interim; and whereas, E. M. Sianten bas refused

Speaker of the siste to obey the illegal order to remove him from office, and defend the Constitution of the United States, and and the national House of Representatives has passed that it is the right of every branch of the Governa resolution to impeach Andrew Johnson of high ment and of every citizen to have the questions incrimes and misdemeanors; therefore

volving the constitutionality of any law speedily adResolved, That the prompt action of the majority judicated by the Supreme Court of the United States, of the members of Congress in passing the resolution and the right of all the people to have said decision for the impeachment of Andrew Johnson, President enforced. of the United States, of high crimes and misde- Resolved, That the pending impeachment of the meanors, be and the same are hereby commended and President of the United States is a gross and reckless approved.

abuse of partisan power, without justifiable cause, Resolved, That the refusal of E. M. Stanton to obey and intended for the attainment of party purposes at the illegal order to remove him from office meets the sacrifice of the most vital interests of the country, with the approval of the Union-loving and law-abid- Resolved, That a return to a specie-paying basis at ing citizens of Pennsylvania.

the earliest practicable moment is essential to the inResolved, That the Governor be and is hereby re- terests of the people and the prosperity of the naquested to forward a copy of these resolutions to the tion. Speaker of the national House and to Mr. Stanton. Resolved, That the national debt should be paid as

The Democratic State Conventioni met in the rapidly as is consistent with the terms of the laws chamber of the House of Representatives at upon which the several loans are based.

Resolved, That the five-twenty bonds and the legal Harrisburg, on the 4th of March. Delegates tender notes are component parts of the same finance to the National Democratic Convention were system, and, until the Government is able to redeem chosen, and presidential electors and State of- the legal tenders in coin, the holders of those bonds ficers nominated. Charles E. Boyle, of Fay

should be required to receive legal tenders in pay

ment. ette County, was nominated for the office of

Resolved, That every species of property should Auditor-General, and General Wellington Lut, bear its fair proportion of taxation, and that the exof Columbia, for that of Surveyor-General. emption of government bonds therefrom is unjust These were the only State officers to be filled and inequitable. at the election of the year. The platform of deepest gratitude the efforts of the gallant volunteer

Resolved, That we recognize with emotions of the principles adopted by the convention was con- soldiery who so freely took up arms to protect the flag tained in the following resolutions :

and preserve the Union, and we denounce as unjust Resolved, That the happiness of the people and the

to them the efforts of the radicals to prevent a restopreservation and continuance of our power as a re

ration of the Union until negro supremacy is estabpublic depend upon the perpetuity of the Union and

lished in certain States and negro equality made the the preservation of the constitution, and the prompt

rule in all. restoration ot' each and all of the States to the enjoy

Resolved, That the naturalization of foreign-born ment of their rights and functions in the Union is citizens places them on the same footing as those essential to our progress, our prosperity, and the

born in this country, and that it is the duty of the

protection of our liberties, and radical legislation is the native, are protected in their rights of lito, liberty,

Government to see that all citizens, naturalized and barrier thereto.

Resolved, that the Constitution of the United and property, abroad as well as at home, and that, in States is the supreme law; it is binding upon the

the view of the democracy, the flag of the country people and upon every department of the Govern- ought and must be made to protect all our citizens. ment, and it is the highest duty of those in and out

The Republican State Convention assemof official place to yield implicit obedience to all its provisions until it is changed in the manner provided bled at the Academy of Music, in the city of therein; that the recent attempts of the legislative Philadelphia, on the 11th of March. A vote branch of the Government to usurp the office of the of the delegates was taken, in order to ascerExecutive and to destroy the independence of the tain their preferences with regard to candijudiciary, are deliberate attacks upon the plainest dates for President and Vice-President. The provisions of the Constitution, in utter violence of its spirit, and tend to the overthrow of the Govern- Convention pronounced unanimously in favor ment itself.

of General Grant for President; and, for ViceResolred, That the radicals in Congress have wrung President, gave 109 votes for Andrew G. Curfrom the people enormous sums of money, which tin, 22 for Benjamin F. Wade, and 1 for Edwin they have squandered in reckless extravagance; that M. Stanton. General John F. Hartranft and Eheir system of revenue is ill devised, incongruous Col. Jacob M. Campbell were unanimously nd inequitable; that rigid economy in every f the public service, a decrease in the number of of- nominated for reëlection to the offices of cials, a reduction in the army and navy, and reform auditor and surveyor-general. The resolutions - the collection of the revenue, are imperatively de- adopted were as follows: anded; and only by this means can a reduction in e amount of taxation now imposed on the indus- Resolved, That the great Republican party of AmerFal and manufacturing interests be attained, and the ica, without which the rebellion against the Governyment of our indebtedness be assured.

ment would have consummated a division of the Risolved, That the Republican party is responsible Union and perpetuated human slavery, with the aid, the country for the delay in the restoration of the comfort, and full approval of the present Democratic athern States to their just relations in the Union, party, is in the fore-front of another peril and another

for the government of their people by military trial. Electing its candidate for President in 1860, e; that the purpose of these measures is to per- and roëlecting him in 1864, it is now called upon to ciate radical power through the votes of illiterate decide whether all its sacrifices of blood and treasure

have not only been vain, but were simply contribuPesolved, That, in enacting the Tenure of Ofice law tions for a restoration of treason under the influence legislativo and executive branches of the Gov- of a man who, clothed with the confidence of his gent each had a right to judge of its constitution- country, is prevented from overthrowing the Govern, and that, in thus exercising the right, the Ex- ment solely by the wise and patriotic stand taken by ire was only complying with that portion of his a loyal Congress. of office which required him to preserve, protect Resolved, That we add our voice to the loud acclaim


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