« ΠροηγούμενηΣυνέχεια »
on the impeachment of the President, 138; submits a der, 103; nitroglucose, 103; ozone and antozone, 101; minority report, 161 ; on the repeal of the cotton tax, microscopic crystallography, 104; crystallization of 198.
sulphur, 105; do. under the blow-pipe, 105 ; industrial BROOMALL, JOHN N.-Representative from Pennsylva- preparation of oxygen, 106; oxychloride of silicium, nia, 124; on the republican State guarantee, 182.
106; iodide of silicium, 106; persulphide of hydrogen, BROUGHAM, HENRY.-Birth, 82; death, 83; public career, 107; new method of sugar manufacture, 107; analysis
of British waters, 107; carbon tubes and crucibles, BROWN, JAMES.—Birth, 84; death, 84 ; parsults, 84.
108. Brunswick.-Government, 84; area, 84; population, 84; CHILDS, HENRY HALSEY.-Birth, 108 ; death, 108 ; purbudget, 84.
soits, 109. BUCHANAN, JAMES.-Birth, 85; death, 85; public career, Chili.-Revenues, 109; debt, 109; army, 109; navy, 109; 85.
population, 109; commerce, 109; banks, 103 ; immi. BCCKALEW, CHARLES R.-Senator from Pennsylvania,
gration, 109; Congress, 110; Indian troubles, 110; 124; on the passage of bills, 129 ; on the admission
earthquakes, 110. of Southern States, 180.
Chimney, The tallest.-Location, 110; dimensions, 110; BUTLER, BENJAMIN F.—Representative from Massachu- flues, 111; foundation, 111; correction of inclination, setts, 124; on reconstruction, 166.
111. China.-Area, 111; population, 111 ; revenues, 112; com
merce, 112; shipping, 112; appointment of Mr. Bur. 0
lingame as minister, 112 ; departure from China, 113;
arrival in United States, 113; treaty with the United Callfornia.- Population, 86 ; proportion of different races,
States, 113; its ratification, 114; relations with Eng. 86; product of gold, 86 ; State government, 86; agri- land, 114; the Shenandoah visits the coast of Corea, cultural interests, 86; Indian corn, 87; cotton, 87; 114; fishing-junks, 114; missionaries, 115; riot, 115;
fruits, 87; stock, 87; manufacturing industries, 87. Formosa, 115; coal-fields, 115; the rebels, 115. Candia, or Crete.--Area, 88; population, 88; religions, CLARK, LABAN.-Birth, 115; death, 115; pursuits, 116.
88; insurrection, 88; assembly of delegates to discuss COBB, HOWELL.-Birth, 116; death, 116; career, 116. affairs, 88; report of the Grand-Vizier, 89; extracte, Colfax, SCHUYLER.-Representative from Indiana, 124 ; 89; measures adopted against the insurrection, 89; Speaker of the House, 124; on demonstrations in the General Assembly convened, 89; condition of the galleries, 130. island, 90; the insurgents, 90; provisional govern- Colombia, United States of.-Government, 117; revenue, medt, 90; battles between Cretans and Turks, 90;
117; debt, 117; area, 117; population, 117; the new sympathy of Greece, 91 ; other facts, 736.
President, 117; disturbances in Panama, 117; proclaCANTERBURY, Archbishop of.-Birth, 91; death, 91 ; ca- mation of General Ponce, 117; other proclamations, reer, 91.
118; finances, 118 ; railroad contract, 119; action of CARDIGAN, Lord-Birth, 91 ; death, 91; career, 92.
the Legislature, 119. CARRELL, GEORGE ALOYSIUS.-Birth, 92; death, 92; ca- Colorado.-(See Territories.) reer, 92.
Commerce of the United States.-Continuance of the deCARSON, CHRISTOPHER.-Birth, 92; death, 92 ; adventurous cline, 119; imports and exports for a series of years, career, 92.
119; imports at New York for a series of years, 120; Cattle, Diseases of.-Great mortality among cattle, 93; four imports of dry goods, 120 ; receipts for duties at New
epidemics, 93; eplenic cattle fever, 93; symptoms, York, 120; foreign imports, 120; exports from New 93; progress and history of the disease, 93; destruc- York, 121; do, and the range of gold, 121; arrivals at tiveness, 94; investigations of commissioners, 94; the port of New York in 1868, 121; leading articles description of symptoms, 94; other descriptions, 94, of export, 121 ; leading articles of import, 122. 35; pleuro-pneumonia, 93; a disease in Iowa, 96; Congregationalists.-Numbers in America, 122; further abortion, 96; epidemic among horses, 96; symptoms, statistics, 122; do. in the United States and British 96.
colonies, 122 ; Congregationalism in England, 122; do. Central America. -Divisions, 96.-Guatemala-ministry, in British Possessions, 123; do. on the Continent of
96; area, 97; population, 97; commerce, 97; public Europe, 123. affairs, 97.-San Salvador-area, 97; population, 97; Congress, United States.-Second session of the Fortieth, revenue, 97; commerce, 97.—Honduras—area, 97; convenes, 124, population, 97; revenue, 97 ; commerce, 97.—Nicara. Resolution to print extra copies of the President's goa-area, 97; population, 97; commerce, 97; treaty message, 125; motion to strike out the message, 125 ; with the United States, 98.-Costa Rica -Government, it is a libel, 125; the evidence of a direct coalition
98; area, 98; population, 98; army, 98; commerce, 98. between the President and the former rebels, 125; a Cerium.-A metal-how obtained, 99; color, 99; mallea- successor of Jefferson Davis, 125 ; assault of the bility, 99.
President upon Congress, 125 ; a desire to suppress CHASE, Chief-Justice SALMON P.-Letter to the Senate
arguments and information of the kind contained in on impeachment, 352; presides at the trial of Presi
the message, 125 ; what is this message ! 125 ; modent Johnson, 352; voted for in the National Demo- tion to amend, lost, 126. cratic Convention, 749; how received, 749; his reply Message of the President in commendation of the to verbal overtures, 750; reply by letter, 750; plat- conduct of Major-General Hancock, 126. form approved by him, 750; progress of the move. A bill for the further security of equal rights in ment for the nomination of Chase, 751.
the District of Columbia, considered, 126; the word Chemistry.-Artificial formation of organic substances, "white" to be stricken out of all laws and charters,
93; fermentation and the source of muscular power, or ordinances of cities, 126; bill ordered to be en100; the occlusion of hydrogen gas by metals, 100 ; the grossed, 126; read, 126; vote for the same laws here velocity of chemical changes, 101 ; Tyndall on molec- that we would vote for our own people at home, 126; ular force, 102; action of light, 102; white gunpow. expression of opinion in the Northern States at the
recent election, 127. The number of blacks in this District is very large, and promises to become larger, 127 ; this privilege of voting may be exercised by them to the detriment of the rest of the public, 127; the colored people have rights, 127; bill passed in Senate, 127; do. in the House, 127; resolution to ask of the President whether the bill had gone to the Secretary of State, 128; reply of the President, 128; moved to refer it to Judiciary Committee, 128; error of the President's views, 128; what the Constitution requires, 128; further debate, 129; message referred, 129.
In the House, a resolution to impeach President Johnson considered, 129; threats of the Speaker to the galleries, 130; meaning of high crimes and migdemeanors, 130; the President has in his hands the immense patronage of the Government, 130; all facts point to one conclusion, that the President is guilty of using the great powers of the nation for the purpose of reconstructing the Government in the interests of the rebellion, 130; influence of Cabinet officers, 130; his proclamation of 1865, 131; not understood, 131 ; his motive concealed, 131 ; testimony of Matthews, of Ohio, 131 ; declared the country could not be saved except by the Democratic party, 131 ; that expression discloses his mysterious course to this day, 132; acts which disclose his guilt, 132; mes. sage of December, 132; speech of February, 1866, 132; bis vetoes, 132; interference to prevent the ratification of the constitutional amendment, 132 ; suspends the test-oath, 132; surrender of abandoned lands, 192; turned over millions of captured railway property to its former owners, 132 ; holds Tennessee bonds, 133; appointment of provisional governors, 133; these are impeachable offences, 133; proposi. tions laid down in his last message, 133; what is our condition to-day? 133; involved in financial difculties, 134; substantially impossible to collect the taxes while the Tenure-of-Office Act is in force, 134; there is no remedy for grievances while Mr. Johnson is in office, 134; all rests here, 134; this House has the gole power of impeachment, 134; this body must be guided by the law, and not by that indefinite something called conscience, which may be one thing today, and quite a different thing to-morrow, 134; the facts advanced examined, 135, 136; it is feared the failure to impeach and remove the President will defeat the congressional plan of reconstruction, 136; we may not impeach for this, 136; the resolution rejected, 137.
In the House, a resolution to impeach President Johnson again offered, 137; referred without debate to the Committee on Reconstruction, 187; report of the committee, 137; resolution to impeach the President reported, 138; the fact of removing a man from office without the consent of the Senate, while it is in session, is of itself, and always has been, considered a high crime and misdemeanor, 138; why is this attémpted ? 138; the sacrifice of two or three branches of Government deemed indispensably necessary to keep the Republican party in power, 138; the President has thrown himself violently in contact with an act of Congress, 138; this is a vast question, 138; it is the construction of vital provisions of the Constitution of our country, 139; these proceedings of removal are necessary only for a usurper, whom the people have repulsed and thwarted time and again, 139; it is known that men ascend to power over bloody steps, and that they may do it in this country, and yet be tolerated, 139.
Call this question what we may, it is apparent the leaders of this Congregs are prepared to take the final plunge into the sea of revolution, 139.
What has been the act of the President, is the question, 139; look at the evidence, and then read the law, 140; what are the relations of the President to the members of his Cabinet ? 140; can the country hold him responsible, and yet render him powerless, by filling the high offices of his department with per. Bons hostile to the success of his administration ! 140; the whole is a question of constraction, 141.
The safety of the country, the cause of good goternment, the preservation of constitational right and of public liberty, depend upon the prompt impeachment of the President, 141; nearly every department of the Government has become demoralized and cor rupt to an extent which can find no parallel in the history of any country, in any age, 141; confronted ss we are by this state of things, so threatening to our national existence, can there be any patriotic man who does not call upon Congress sternly to do ite whole duty, and purge this capitol of the crimes which defile the nation : 142.
Your right to impeach is denied, 142; this Honse is not composed as the Constitution requires, 1e; neither is the Senate composed of two Senators from each State, 142; you have no right to do it, 143; wbo believes this is a movement of the lovers of the Constitution ? 142; why is Stanton 80 anxious to hold his office! 142; can the Government exist with warring departments : 143.
A grave subject, 143; the charges few and distinct, 143; what are the official misdemeanors of Andrey Johnson disclosed by the evidence ! 143; his oath of office, 143; the animus with which this law was rin lated, 143; issuing the commission to Thomas, if it stood alone, would be an undeniable misdemeanor, 144; shall prove he was guilty of misprision of bris ery, 144; the final disposition of the Sonthern States belonged to Congress, 144; resolution adopted, 16: a committee appointed to draft articles, 145; in. peachment laid before the Senate, 145; message 1 ferred, 146; resolution of instructions to committee on rules, 146; resolutions on the constitutional responsibility of Senators for their votes, 146. (See Impeachment.)
In the Senate, a bill introduced to amend the sct to provide for the more efficient government of the rebel States," 147; to change the provision that the quires a majority of all the registered votes, H: amendment offered, 147; requiring certain qualifics. tions of those who were not voters before the wa: 147; the greatest issue ever before the people of the United States is now looming up-that is, whether this shall be a white man's Government, or a negro Government, 147, 148; it is said that a great sin bas been committed by conferring the franchise upon the negro, 148; the charge repudiated that Congress o attempted to set up a negro Government, 148; e ject referred, 149.
In the House, a motion to refer the President's message, and accompanying documents relative to reconstruction, to a committee of nine, 149; passed, 149; the committee, 149; resolutions relative to reconstruction, 149; a bill to facilitate, etc., offered 149; the bill explained, 150 ; first section restores the majority principle, 150; the second aids the existing law, 150; the third leaves the apportionment of nepresentatives as it was in 1560, 150; third section withdrawn, 151; constitutions will not be notified
unless the first section be adopted, 151 ; bill passed, 151.
In the Senate, the bill considered, 151; motion to refer to the Judiciary Committee with instructions, 151; it is assumed that it is the intention of Congress to place the governments of the South under negro control, 152; how many wbites disfranchised, 152; the issue here is the same as that which prevails throughout the country, 153; at the end of the war, the rebel States were without State governments of any kind, 153; the Constitution declares that the United States shall guarantee to every State in this Union a republican form of government, 153; the jurisdiction of the United States attached when the war closed, 153; what constitutes the Government of the United States ? 154; a law of Congress becomes the execution of the guarantee, and is the act of the Government, 154; a decision of the Supreme Court, 154 ; this clause of the Constitution can only be executed by Congress, 154; power of Congress to pass laws, 153; the Fourteenth Constitutional Amend. ment, 155; proceedings of Congress, 155; what was there left to do? 156.
Impossible to invoke the aid of this clause of the Constitution for the support of these measures, unless you interpolate into the clause a word not to be found in it, 156 ; object of the convention to preserve the republican form then existing, 156; what was the condition of each of the States ? 157; views of Mr. Madison, 157 ; it was not thought there was included in this particular clause any power to interfere with the government of a State, 157; what is loyalty ? 157; views of the power of the Constitution in former days, 158; can New York be brought under that clause ? 158; the doctrine of secession forever ended, 159; other clauses of the Constitution, 159; what is the bill on the table ? 159; motion to amend, lost, 160; committee report to strike out and insert a new bill, 160; agreed to, 160; amendment concurred in by the House, 160.
In the House, a motion to suspend the rules for the Committee on Reconstruction to make & report, 160 ; carried, 160 ; bill to admit certain Southern States reported, 160 ; report of the minority, 161 ; a bill to elect a President, 161; why violate the Constitution ? 162; the bill presents few immediate practical results, 162; object of the bill, 162; what objection, 162; the issue which underlies this legislation, 162; the first proposition involved, 163; next, the appor. tionment of representation, 163; inviolability of the national debt, 163; is this a bill which we ought to pass ? 163; acting outside of the Constitution, 164 ; where are the powers granted which it is sought to assume ? 161; the Constitution requires a preëxisting government to be guaranteed, 164; no power for this bill in the Constitution, 164; the first section in direct conflict with more than one provision of the Constitution, 165; meaning of the word guarantee, 165 ; the whole subject of observation, of inquiry, of judg. ment, is open to the United States, which means Con. gress, with the President cooperating, 166; no dimi. culty as to the constitutionality of our acts, 166; the matter of reconstruction is put into the hands of the General of the Army, 166; amendments reported and agreed to, 166; further amendment offered, 166 ; dis. cussed, 167; rejected, 167; bill passed, 163.
In the House, a bill for the admission of Alabama reported, 168; amendment offered, 168 ; agreed to, 168; bill passed, 169.
In the House, a bill for the admission of Arkansas
reported, 169; bill passed, 169; amendment offered in the Senate, 169; Congress has the sole, exclusive, and discretionary power over the admission of States, 169; what is it to admit a State ? 170; merely admission to a participation in the Government, 170; all States out are equally new States on their application for admission, 170; has not Congress a right to say when and how the Southern States shall be admitted ? 171; to impose this condition on Arkansas is said to deprive her of equality, 171; gross mistake or perversion in all this talk about the equality of the States, 171.
The condition is that the right of suffrage shall not be changed after admission of the State, 171; the Government could not exist without an absolute equality in the States, 172; representation is founded on the idea of equality, 172 ; the General Government cannot interfere with the franchise in the States already in the Union, 172, the exercise of this power, therefore, would destroy the equality of the States, 172; if the power to impose a restriction on admission exists, why cannot other restrictions be imposed, 173; error of the other side, 173; amendment agreed to, 173; other amendments offered and rejected, 173; bills passed, 174.
Veto of President Johnson, 174; bill passed over the veto, 175; protest of the Democratic members, 175.
In the House, a bill to admit North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, and Louisiana, considered, 176; what is the particular question, 176; they are republican in form, and we require they should remain so, 176; amendments offered, 177; adopted, 177; bill passed, 177.
In the Senate, the bill reported excluding Alabama and adding Florida, 178; hope we shall not exclude Alabama, 178; the vote on her constitution was taken at an unpropitious season, 178; we ought not to take advantage of our own mistake, not to say blunder, 178; Alabama complied with every stipulation save one, shall they be excluded on account of their inability to comply with that? 178; Alabama reinserted, 179; other amendments offered and rejected, 179; amendment to strike out the whole of the House bill and insert another, adopted, 179; other amendments offered, 179; what is this bill? 179; to sanction a reorganization of the Southern States upon two principles, 180; the two principles, 180; what else is attempted by these bills, 180; what is the object ? 180; bill passed, 181; do. in the House, 181.
In the House, motion to reconsider the vote referring the bill to guarantee to the several States of the Union a republican form of government, 181; provi. sions of the sections, 181; the franchise in certain States limited to certain races, 182 ; no difference that the ruling class constitute the majority, 182; the cause of universal suffrage is the cause of the great laboring masses of the community, 182; this bill proposes the subversion of the fundamental law of every State that does not tolerate negro suffrage, 182; from the first, the right of suffrage was the conceded right of the States, 183; the bill proposes the Federal Government shall overturn the suffrage in the States, and force negro suffrage upon them, 183; this is a grave question, 183; what was that great right our fathers discovered, 184 ; we propose to go to universal and impartial suffrage, as the only foundation upon which the Government can stand, 184; the laws then intended to be universal mast now be made universal, 184; the passage of this bill at this hour would be the death-knell of our hopes as a political party in the approaching presidential
election, 185; regret the Republican party has not of India, Egypt, and Brazil, 198 ; a mistake, 198; time
& political question, 200; amendments adopted, 201;
by the House, 202; further conference, 202; report
Convention, 202; resolutions, 202; Democratic Cod-
In the Senate, the bill was referred to the Judiciary 206; quantity on hand, 206; consumption by Ameri-
can mills, 207; prices for a series of years, 207.
cerg, 209; debates on the electoral lawa, 209; addresi
tween Prussia and Spain, 209; deficit in the budget,
In the Senate, the resolution of the Legislature of DANA, SAMUEL L.-Birth, 211; death, 211; career, 911.
212; resolutions, 212; Republican Convention, 200:
212; session of the Diet, 213; speech of the King, 23.
214; two classes of papers, 214; difference between
them, 214; aggregate circulation, 214; the press
Diplomatic Correspondence.—The Alabama claims in the lary paper, 243; an improved voltastat, 243; a new
House of Commons, 215; speech of Shaw Lefevre, exciting liquid, 244; decomposing action of the vol-
ENGLE, Rear-Admiral FREDERIC.—Birth, 247; death, 247;
act of Parliament, 219; fourteen governments in Russia's advance eastward, 218; Candia, 248; Roman
124; on the impeachment of the President, 138; on
reconstruction, 151; reports a bill to admit Alabama,
FARRAGUT, Admiral D. G.-Commands the European
equadron, 524; his cruise in European waters, 521.
ment, 250 ; reccipts and expenditures, 250; do. for
debt, 251 ; total receipts since the close of the war,
251; actual reduction of debt, 251; statement of the
made at the close of the war, 253; course pursued by
circulation of national banks, 256 ; irredeemable
dress of the Pope, 234; the Armenians, 234; reply to to other countries, 256 ; increase in the products of
domestic industry, 257; all articles produced in other
257; unusual condition of affairs, 257; infiuence of
lution relative to the District of Columbia bill, 128; tures, 258; fluctuation of prices, 258; increase of
wages, 258; average weekly expenditure of families,
population, 237; army, 237; navy, 237; commerce, weekly wages, 259; modification of the system of
Blue-Book, 238; declarations of the English consul, 238. 260; aspect of financial affairs, 260; bullion, 260;
sin, 124; on the impeachment of the President, 142; cles, 261; resumption of specie payments, 261; treag.
at the Stock Exchange, 263; daily price of gold, 264 ;
lights for light-houses and ships, 239; light at Dunge. Florida.-Progress of reconstruction, 265 ; convention