Miscellaneous Examples. 1. IF I yard of cloth cost 4 dollars, what will 5 yards cost? 2. A man bought 3 pounds of raisins, at 7 cents a pound, and 16 oranges, at 4 cents apiece, and 1 pound of candles for 16 cents; what did they all come to ? 3. A boy had 37 apples ; he kept five himself, and divided the rest equally among four companions; how many did he give them apiece ? 4. Two men are 40 miles apart, and both travelling the same way; the hindermost man gains upon the other 5 miles each day ; in how many days will he overtake him ? 5. Two men are travelling the same way, one travels at the rate of 38 miles a day, the other, who is behind the former, travels 44. miles ; how much does he gain of the first each day ? and in how many days would he gain 60 miles ? 6. A fox is 50 rods before a greyhound, and is running at the rate of 27 rods in a minute, the greyhound is following at the rate of 31 rods in a minute; in how many minutes will the greyhound overtake the fox ? 7. If 2 yards of cloth cost 6 dollars, what would 4 yards cost ? what would 12 yards cost? 8. If 8 sheep cost 24 dollars, what would 3 cost? 9. If 4 tons of hay will keep 3 horses through the winter, how many tons will keep 30 horses the same time? 10. If a man spends 8 shillings a day, how many dollars will he spend in a week? 11. Bought 10 pieces of cloth, each containing 5 yards, for 100 dollars; what was it apiece ? and how much a yard ? 12. If the wages of 12 weeks come to 60 dollars, what is that a month ? and how much for 5 weeks? 13. If 7 horses eat 14 bushels of cats in 1 week, how many bushels would 15 horses eat in the same time ? 14. If 3 horses eat 8 bushels of oats in 2 weeks, how long would it take them to eat 40 bushels ? 15. If 1 horse eat 1 bushel of oats in 3 days, in how many days would 4 horses eat 36 bushels ? 16. If 2 men spend 12 dollars in 1 week, how many dollars would 3 men, at the same rate, spend in 5 weeks ? 17. If a staff 3 feet long cast a shadow of 2 feet at 12 o'clock, what is the length of a pole that casts a shadow 18 feet at the same time of day? 18. If 47 gallons of water, in 1 hour, run into a cistern containing 108 gallons, and by a pipe 38 gallons run out in an hour, how much remains in the cistern in an hour ? and in how many hours will the cistern be filled ? 19. If 4 men can do a piece of work in 8 days, how many men would it take to do the same work in 4 days ? 20. If 6 men can do a piece of work in 9 days, in how many days would 2 men do it? 21. If 8 men can do a piece of work in 5 days in how many days would they do a piece of work 4 times as large ? 22. If 7 men can do a piece of work in 3 days, how many men would it take tc do a piece of work 5 times as large in the same time? 23. If 8 men can do a piece of work in 4 days, in how many days would 2 men do a piece of work one half as large ? 24. A man bought a cask of wine containing 63 gallons, 3 sevenths of which leaked out; and he sold the remainder for 36 dollars; how much per gallon did he sell it for ? 25. If a cask of wine cost 48 dollars, what is 5 eighths of it worth? 26. A man bought 7 oranges for 6 cents apiece, and sold them all for 54 cents, how much did he gain by the bargain ! 27. A man bought 8 yards of cloth for 56 dollars, and sold it again for 9 dollars a yard; how much did he gain by the bargain ? 28. A man bought 8 barrels of flour for 40 dollars; how much must he sell it at per barrel to gain 16 dollars ? 29. A man bought five firkins of butter at 7 dol lars a firkin ; how much must he sell it per firkin to gain 10 dollars ? 30. A man gave 35 cents for his breakfast, which was 5 eighths of what he gave for his dinner; what did he give for his dinner ? 31. A ship's crew of 6 men have provision for 3 months; how many months would it last 1 man? 32. A ship's crew have provision sufficient to last 1 man 27 months; how long would it last 9 men ? 33. A ship's crew have provision sufficient to last 3 men 10 months; how long would it last 5 men ? 34. A man built 40 rods of wall in a certain time, another man can build 9 rods while the first builds 5; how much would he build in the same time? SECTION VII. If the combinations in this section should be found too difficult, they may be omitted until reviewing the book. A. 1. A man being asked the age of his eldest son answered, that his youngest son was six years old, and that 2 thirds of the youngest son's age was just 1 fifth of the eldest son's age. Required the age of the eldest son ? 2. 2 thirds of 6 is 1 fifth of what number ? 3. A man being asked how many sheep he had, said that he had them in two pastures; in one pasture he had eight; and that 3 fourths of these was just 1 third of what he had in the other. How many were there in the other ? 4. 3 fourths of 8 is 1 third of what number ? 5. Two boys talking of their ages, one said he was 9 years old. Well, said the other, 2 thirds of your age is exactly 3 fourths of my age, now if you will tell me how old I am, I will give you as many apples as I am years old. What was his age ? 6. 2 thirds of 9 is 3 fourths of whạt number? 7. Two boys counting their money, one said he had ten cents. The other says, 4 fifths of your money is exactly 2 sevenths of mine ; now if you will tell how many I have, I will give you 1 half of them. How many had he ? 8. 4 fifths of 10 is 2 sevenths of what number ? 9. 5 sixths of 12 is 2 thirds of what number ? 10. 6 sevenths of 14 is 4 ninths of what number? 11. 6 fifths of 15 is 2 thirds of what number? 12. 7 ninths of 18 is 2 fifths of what number? 13. 4 fifths of 20 is 8 sevenths of what number? 14. 8 sevenths of 21 is 6 tenths of what number? 15. 5 sixths of 24.is 10 sevenths of how many times 5? 16. 3 sevenths of 28 is 2 eighths of how many times ? 17. 4 fifths of 30 is 6 sevenths of how many times 8? 18. 6 eighths of 32 is 8 ninths of how many times 5 ? 19. 4 ninths of 36' is 8 tenths of how many times 6? 20. 3 fourths of 40 is 5 sevenths of how many times 8? 21. 6 ninths of 45 is 3 fifths of how many times . 22. 5 sixths of 48 is 10 sevenths of how many times 3 ? 23. 4 sevenths of 63 is 6 fifths of how many times 8? 24. 5 niaths of 72 is 4 sevenths of how many times 9 ? B. 1. 4 fifths of 15 is 6 tenths of how many thirds of 21 ? 2. 4'thirds of 18 is 8 ninths of how many sevenths of 35 ? 3. 6 sevenths of 21 is 2 thirds of how many thirds of 24 ? 4. 5 fourths of 24 is 10 sevenths of how many fifths of 40 ? 5. 5 eighths of 32 is 2 fifths of how many fifths of 35 ? 6. 4 sevenths of 63 is 6 eighths of how many ninths of 45 ? 7. 3 sevenths of 56 is 4 ninths of how many fourths of 28? 8. 3 eighths of 64 is 6 tenths of how many sixths of 30 ? 9. 2 eighths of 72 is 3 tenths of how many fifths of 40 ? C: 1. Two times eleven are how many ? |