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ARGUMENT OF THE SECOND BOOK.
Which opens with reflections suggested by the conclusion of
the former. Peace among the nations recommended on the ground of their common fellowship in sorrow. Prodigies enumerated. Sicilian earthquakes. Man rendered obnoxious to these calamities by sin. God the agent in them. The philosophy that stops at secondary causes, reproved. Our own late miscarriages accounted for. Satirical notice taken of our trips to Fontainbleau. But the pulpit, not satire, the proper engine of reformation. The Reverend Advertiser of engraved sermons. Petit maitre parson. The good preacher. Picture of a theatrical clerical coxcomb. Story-tellers and jesters in the pulpit reproved. Apostrophe to popular applause. Retailers of ancient philosophy expostulated with. Sum of the whole matter. Effects of sacerdotal mismanage. ment on the laity. Their folly and extravagance. The mischiefs of profusion. Profusion itself, with all its consequent evils, ascribed, as to its principal cause, to the want of discipline in the Universities.
Ou for a lodge in some vast wilderness',
i Oh that I had in the wilderness a lodging place, that I might leave my people and go from them.-Jeremiuh, ix. 2.
? Not remembering that he is (as old Fuller says) image of God cut in ebony." S. C.-9.
Make enemies of nations who had else
Sure there is need of social intercourse,
Between the nations, in a world that seems
3 Alluding to the late calamities at Jamaica. C. Cry havock, and let slip the dogs of war.
Julius Casar, act iii. 5 August 18, 1783. C. 6 Is it a time to receive money, and to receive garments, &c.
2 Kings, v. 26. Are not you moved, when all the sway of earth
Shakes, like a thing unfirm ? Julius Cæsar. Act i. 7 Alluding to the fog that covered both Europe and Asia during the whole summer of 1783. C.
And 'tis but seemly, that where all deserve
75 Lie scatter'd where the shapely column stood. Her palaces are dust. In all her streets The voice of singing and the sprightly chord Are silent. Revelry and dance and show Suffer a syncope
and solemn pause, While God performs upon the trembling stage Of his own works, his dreadful part alone. How does the earth receive him ?—with what signs Of gratulation and delight, her king ? Pours she not all her choicest fruits abroad,
85 Her sweetest flowers, her aromatic gums, Disclosing paradise where'er he treads ? She quakes at his approach. Her hollow womb Conceiving thunders, through a thousand deeps And fiery caverns roars beneath his foot.
90 The hills move lightly 10 and the mountains smoke,
8 Where cattle pastured late, now scattered lies
With carcasses and arms, the ensanguined field
Par. Lost, xi. 659.
Milton. Sonnet 18. 9 All the merry hearted do sigh. The mirth of tabrets ceaseth, the noise of them that rejoice endeth, the joy of the harp ceaseth. The city of confusion is broken down.
Isuiah, xxiv. 10 I beheld the mountains, and they trembled, and all the bills moved lightly.-- Jeremiah, iv. 24.