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dious chapel and schools, and the neigh- | sympathies; that the fruits of his ever bourhood in which he lived--the scenes advancing acquaintance with his Master severally of his home, pulpit, and pasto
became theirs in richer abundance; that ral labours. He spoke particularly of his efforts and success in changing his church
new evidences of sanctifying power and meetings from mere formal business
converting grace attending his ministragatherings into refreshing means of grace. tions from the pulpit, called forth warmer În all he said it was plain that his aim ascriptions to Him who sent one of His was to utilize to the utmost every power true servants among them; that in their within his reach for the service of Christ; to make everything connected with his
household cireles, his love had all the work real and fruitful; and to have
strength and all the influence of kindred streams of life and blessing flowing ties; that the young found in him at through every channel which Providence once an intellectual leader, and one who, had opened.”
with brotherly openness and warmth, I claim not for my departed friend any could enter into all their aspirations ; thing approaching to prodigious powers that the very children, with brightening of mind, or daring genius, or colossal countenances, rushed to meet him; that greatness ; still he is not to be thought in the afflictions and perplexities of all, of as the subject of that mere mediocrity he was indeed the representative of the which leaves a man just where we find ever-living Consoler." This is no exaghim, and has nothing prophetic of future geration. The portrait is true to life, progress and eminence. He stood far and every one who had the happiness of above it, and had his life been spared he knowing the original will at once recognise would have come to occupy some higher the features here so faithfully delineated. position in the church of God. With There was a symmetry in his character his mind well disciplined and richly not more beautiful than real.- a tout furnished, and bearing with him the most ensemble not more attractive than unsatisfactory testimonials from the heads deniable. of the college, he left the seat of learning. In proof of this assertion it is only. for the more laborious duties and the necessary to adduce the following testiweightier responsibilities of the pastoral monies, embodied by Mr. McAll in his relation. By a series of concurring cir- | funeral sermon. The first is from the cumstances, in which he did not fail to letter of a young man who was ardently see the hand of God pointing out to him | attached to Mr. Maitland as a friend and his future course, he was induced to ae a pastor, and who, on receiving the sad cept the all but, unanimous call of the tidings of his death, wrote home as church in Sunderland to undertake the follows: office of the pastorate which had become "All who knew him could not but vacant by the recent removal of the Rev. regard, esteem, and love him. On: R. S. McAll to Leicester. In the arrange what a loss to Sunderland! His grand ments which led to this settlement in
and noble qualities; his truth, his dethat prosperous town, in 1855, Mr. McAll
votedness, his zeal; his great heart, his
genius, his appreciation of all that is took an active part;, and we have it from
worthy to be loved, esteemed, and his own lips, that he counts it an honour honoured ; his unwillingness to believe to have had any part in introducing him |ill of any one; and yet add to this his to his former charge, and to have shared tenderness, his unbounded sympathy, in the joyous solemnities of his ordina
his wit, his eloquence, his earnest, ever:
smiling face. You little know how kind tion day. Nor this only. He testifies
he was to me. He was truly my dearest that, while the genial kindness of his and best friend.” successor to himself will never be for Nor less explicit is the record borne gotten, that successor came among the by one of the deacons of the church :people “ with the ardour of manhood's prime, and that to them he became ever I can witness to his growing concern
“We mourn the loss of a true friend. more dear by his active devotedness, his the interests of his flock to the day deepening experience, and his expanding was overtaken by his fatal illness.
all church matters he was very judicious with his anniversary, at which he preand prudent. With strong personal con- sided, surrounded by a number of his victions, clear and deep, he combined
ministerial brethren of the town and special tolerance of the opinions and sug. gestions of the officers and members, if
neighbourhood, and at which, in his differing from him. I need not say how
opening address, he ranged over a vast universal was the esteem in which the field of observation and event, and spoke members of his church and the congrega with great energy and fervour. I left him tion, and the inhabitants of the town, in the afternoon of the following day, held him. He might be said to be con
with a still' higher estimate of his manly stantly about his Master's work, and his entire nature was so permeated with the
and Christian character, and of his entire spirit of our holy religion, that his cheer consecration to his Master's work; and ful piety could scarcely fail to be attrac in the hope that we might ere long meet tive to all. His ministry was attended again with yet heightened pleasure and with marked tokens of the Divine ap- more devoted feeling. Scarcely had we proval. During it, 170 were added to the fellowship. One sermon in par
| parted, when he went to attend a united ticular, on the death of a young friend,
meeting of the young connected with was blessed to the conversion of many. various congregations of the town, “to He had a large, benevolent nature-a commend to them the Book of God, and rich store of information-& vigorous to enkindle their zeal for its diffusion. intellect, and commanding common sense,
This was the last the very last, occaTo every form of suffering he, was alive, and gave proof of his feeling heart in
sion on which his well-known voice labouring to draw forth our sympathies was to be employedi in public for his for the sufferers at Hartley, and more Master." recently for the distressed in Lancashire. While I was witli him, he was attend. The removal of our dear minister has
ing a child who had been attacked with taken place at the time when every quality and grace was manifesting itself
small-pox in its most virulent type. The in increased power, with a corresponding child died on the day following that on evidence of zeal and active, devotement. which I left him. He called on the He was at once my pastor and my friend.
bereaved mother; and while standing Any effort to speak his value is feeble
by the corpse, he felt a cold shudder pess itself.''
pass over his whole frame. The child It was on the evening of Lord's-day, had to be buried on the evening of the November 9, that I had the happiness of same day. He accompanied the body to preaching one of his anniversary ser- the grave, but returned the subject of mons, having performed a similar service aggravated symptoms--- came home to at Newcastle in the morning; and never die. The disease, which, as in the case can I forget the heartiness with which he of the child, took on its worst type, met me at the vestry door, and again "quickly asserted its fatal power over welcomed me to Sunderland. He entered his previously healthful frame." Though with deep thought into the service of there was summoned to his side the best the sanctuary, at the close of which he medical aid which the town could yield, accompanied me to the residence of his scarcely had forty-eight hours elapsed friend, Mr. Douglas, under whose hos from the time that he had been taken ill, pitable roof I was located, and where we when it was feared that neither skill nor spent the evening with chastened cheer care could arrest the progress of the fulness. Next morning we walked toge- disease, and when it was deemed prudent ther to a small watering-place contiguous that no one should be allowed to enter to the town, and passed four hours or his chamber but those whose presence more in a free interchange of thought on was indispensable to his attention and a great variety of subjects, including our comfort: This, although a wise and theological and general literature, our needful measure, proved a sore denial to awn intellectual culture, religious life, I many of his friends and congregation and ministerial work. In the evening, “ adding bitterness to the pangs of separa. we had a public meeting in connexion tion. Dark forebodings were alternated
with gleams of hope," till dawned the He asked repeatedly for the singing of day of holy rest—the second Sabbath of favourite hymns, and especially that his affliction. It was to his beloved and commencing, sorrowing people a Sabbath nerer to be "O, for a heart to praise my God, forgotten. The sanctuary in which he
A heart from sin set free.' had so often ministered the word of life, On one occasion, an attendant expressing was emphatically on that day a house of inability to sing, he said, “I would like prayer. “What intensity of supplica- | to sing it, but cannot. But He will never tion then went up to God! What con- leave me-no, never. He will never forsenting of thousands of Christian hearts sake me. Sweet promise. Precious prothroughout the town, entreating that the mise !" On Sunday morning he told the husband, the pastor, and the friend might physicians, “If I know anything of my be spared!" Nor is it in the power of feelings, I shall die to-night." During words to describe the tumult of grief, that forenoon he uttered the words, as if which rolled like some heavier sea over speaking to another, “This is the day of the entire congregation, when, on the peace. Thy sins, which are many, are evening of that Sabbath, just as they all forgiven." Once more he made an were about to leave the house of God, effort to sing. The voice was sweet and and bend homeward their steps, the clear, but the only audible words were, heavy tidings reached their ears that the "Hallelujah — hallelujah-hallelujahyouthful servant of Christ who had so hallelujah," four times repeated, and recently “renewed in terms of unaffected then he quickly passed away to join the warmth the pledge of faithful care for songs of heaven. His departure was like their every interest,” had but a few the setting of some brighter light-the moments before breathed his last.
melting away of some beautiful star into During his short illness, the need of the ladiance and the glory of perfect day. the utmost quietude, combined with His earthly remains were followed to severe pain and suffering, caused his the grave by a large number of his utterances to be few. For some days ministerial brethren, and, in addition to hope seemed to light up the future, and many of the members of his church and his anticipations of recovery were firm ; congregation, by a vast concourse of the but when he came to understand the people. He was known and recognised nature and virulence of the disease in its by all parties in the town “as the friend fuller development, he said to his of social and intellectual progress, with a beloved wife—" the unwearying watcher mind so gifted as to be wise in counsel, at his side"_" This is a very heavy cross and with a heart eminently ready in all to bear. If I had to choose for myself, I the responses of a true philanthropy." should have chosen any other; but God On the evening of the following Sabknows best ; 'tis He afflicts; and if He bath, his estimable predecessor, the Rev. sees fit, He can bring me out of this afflic- R. S. McAll, of Leicester, to whom I am tion unscathed.” When at intervals he indebted for some of the foregoing exwas permitted the relief of a little repose, tracts, preached his funeral sermon to an on waking, his lips would move in grati overflowing but sorrowing congregation. tude to God. During the sleepless The sacred edifice was filled two hours nights his pain was intense. As evening before the service commenced, and hunwas closing in, he said, “Ah! many a dreds on hundreds had to retire who sigh will be heard here before daylight could not gain admission. The discourse comes again.” On the Tuesday night was founded on the words, “ Their works he obtained a deeper slumber for an hour do follow them.” A "feeling of deep and a half. When it ended, he said, solemnity pervaded the congregation “Oh, that has been so sweet ; last night during the whole of the service, and at was so dreadful; this has been just as the recital of the last hours of their young beautiful. I have been with Jesus and pastor's life, many in the congregation His apostles all the time I was sleeping." were unable to repress their emotion. The closing appeal was most solemn and bravely done,' beloved friend, brother impressive, and was delivered in tones of pastor, soldier of Christ! Our voice, earnest affection and solicitude." There surely, is only a faint echo of the plaudit were but few pulpits in the town in that has already greeted thy purified which the most unqualified testimony spirit. Thou hast but gone before into was not borne to the personal virtues that cloudless light, towards which every and ministerial excellencies of our de- energy of early manhood was engaged to parted friend.
the last in guiding others. Thou hast His career was short, but he nobly exchanged labour for rest,' and thy fought the battle of life, and faithfully works are following thee !" finished his Master's work. Well and
Saviour and Master,
These sayings of Thine,
Oh! help me to make them
Doings of mine.
No more with golden dreams elate,
My joys all gone, my hopes all dead; The human Divine !
My soul is sadly desolate,
Her wings depress'd, her glory fled.
I hunger for immortal food,
Yet pine, or feed on ashes vile;
I weary for diviner good,
Yet cleave to earthly toys the while.
I thirst, I pant for cooling streams,
As travellers in the desert grim ;
A living stream invites, but seems
To fly me ere I reach the brim.
I'm told that glory shines afar,
Whilst I in darkness grope forlorn,
Thick darkness, unrelieved by star
Or promise of a coming dawn.
That hence to heaven a ladder springs,
And up and down its shining stairs Oh! ye who are building
Bright angels pass with golden wings,
Wafting around celestial airs.
Oh! wooings kind, yet fruitless all,
My soul in vain essays to soar ;
Earth holds me down in captive thrall,
And thus would hold me evermore.
Jesus! thine arms alone can free
My captive soul, and give redress ; Not on the sand, Lord,
Thy light can make all darkness flee ;
Thy love my fainting heart can bless.
CALVIN: HIS LIFE, HIS LABOURS, AND HIS WRITINGS.
Calvin; his Life, his Labours, and his Writings.* This is a very able book, written by a sixteenth century was an awful one, and very able man; one who has a clear displayed heroism and bravery in the head, a strong judgment, a sound heart, combatants at which we tremble. The and, what is too rare a quality in our moral and religious character of the men biographers and historians, eyes which on both sides must be tried by their own can see more than a single side at a time. principles, not ours. Justice must be Over the whole is thrown the fascinating meted out to both. M. Bungener is splendour of a rich French eloquence. fair, honest, impartial throughout; and We have the results of extensive and to his guidance, in the study of Calvin, profound study without a tedious account his character, theology, and works, we of the process. Calvin's life is carefully commend the historical student. traced from his cradle to his grave, and a The following paragraph is a specimen full exhibition is made of his writings, of the style in which the book is written, labours, and marvellous influence. The and contains discriminating remarks on stern, rigid, unselfish, almost super- an important subject often misunderhuman man, lives before us, inspiring stood. much reverence, but little love. He has
“In one of Calvin's books, published a heart full of zeal for God and homage
a year after the death of Servetus, he
demonstrates the lawfulness of the power to truth; so full of these, that common of the sword as applied to the repression human sympathies seem cast out. We of heretics. We will not follow his criticize and condemn, even while we arguments in detail ; they are all links honour the Geneva Reformer. M. | in the chain, which forms one vicious Bungener gives a lively and vigorous
circle ; for, as we have already remarked,
where there is no longer a tribunal repicture of the way in which he guided
puted infallible, there can logically no Geneva as a vessel on fire, which burns
longer exist penal laws against error. the captain's feet, and yet obeys him. Calvin, it is true, felt this difficulty in We shudder at the logical calmness with part. He speaks little of the punishwhich Calvin carries out his theory of ment of error as error, and, in this re
spect, he separates himself almost entirely government, while we pity him for the
from the Romish idea as it was realized rrows which wring his strong heart. by the Inquisition, and even out of the Never was the union of Church and Inquisition, properly so called, by all the State-or rather the transformation of a tribunals which judged under the inState into a Church-so thoroughly re
fluence of the Church. There it was
heresy-heresy in itself which was smitduced to system, and so persistently
ten; heresy in its obscurest adherents, worked out in practice, as in the little liust' as
nitie just as in its most renowned apostles ; republic on the banks of Lake Leman. heresy, whether discovered in the depths It was not out of pride, revenge, or i of the conscience, or proclaimed in sercruelty, that the death of Servetus and mons and books. There is nothing of this other dark facts in Calvin's history arose,
kind in Calvin. Not only would he have
| the heretic punished simply as a disturber but out of his mistaken theory of govern
| of society, but he always supposes a case ment. Certain opinions troubled the in which there has really been a disState, shook society; the holders of them turbance, a shaking of the foundations, must die. That was Calvin's funda- and serious danger resulting, both mental principle. Toleration was deemed
the gravity of the error and the activity a weakness and an evil.
of the heretic. This is also the idea of
Truth must Beza. He published in the same year crush error. It must kill its enemy, or it | his book of the Punishment of Heretics will die itself. No quarter for the foe, by the Civil Magistrate,' and like Calvin, and no surrender. The struggle of the it is solely against the civi
it is solely against the civil offence, and ." Calvin : his Life, his Labours, and his
against social disturbance of a really
serious nature, that he calls for the action Writings." Translated from the French of of the magistrate. This distinction had Felix Bungener. Edinburgh : Clark. | been carefully drawn by Calvin and the