Hand-books of Natural Philosophy and Astronomy: Mechanics

Εξώφυλλο
C. Lockwood & Company, 1877
 

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Περιεχόμενα

Divisibility
13
Divisibility by solution 22 Divisibility of odours 23 Fineness of spiders web 24 Divisibility shown by the taste
15
Proof for the existence of molecules 26 Crystallisation
16
Planes of cleavage 28 Conclusions 29 Matter indestructible
18
Destructive distillation 31 General conclusion CHAPTER III
20
Pores The Florentine experiment 34 Other examples
22
Compressibility
23
Compressibility of liquids
24
Compressibility of gases 38 Elasticity 39 Experiments on elasticity
25
Limits of the elastic force
27
42 Dilatability
28
General effects of dilatation and contraction
29
CHAPTER IV
30
Modification of elasticity and hardness in the same body
31
Flexibility and brittleness 48 Malleability
33
SECT
34
250
35
Proofs and examples of inertia
40
Parallelogram of forces
46
Parallel forces in opposite directions
51
Conditions under which two forces admit a single resultant
53
Two forces in different planes
54
Examples
56
CHAPTER VII
58
Table of velocities
59
Uniform velocity
60
Composition of motion 81 Two motions in one direction
61
Two motions in different directions
62
Examples
63
Forces acting on a ship or boat
65
Other examples on coinposition of motion 86 Motion of billiard balls
70
Direct proof of the earths rotation Further illustra
72
88 Forces acting on a kite
74
Absolute and relative motion
75
Momentum
90
Examples
91
General conditions of the equality of momenta
92
Effects of collision
93
Examples
94
Collision of two bodies moving in the same direction
95
Action and reaction
96
Collision of bodies moving in opposite directions
97
Examples
98
Oblique impact
99
Action and reaction modified by elasticity
100
Perfect and imperfect elasticity
101
Apparatus to illustrate collision experimentally
102
The laws of motion
103
Morins apparatus
107
Law of free descent
109
Calculation of motion due to gravity III
111
Retarded motion of bodies projected upwards
113
Projectiles
116
Oblique projection
118
Motion in parabolic curves
119
Effect of a hammer
121
Influence of time upon the effect of force
122
CHAPTER X
123
Effect of cohesion
124
Experimental method of determining the direction of resultant
126
Point of intersection of resultants
127
Case of regular figures
129
Centre of gravity not within the body
130
Properties of the centre of gravity
131
Pendulum
134
Different examples of stability
139
Magic clock
145
Motion of bodies revolving round common centre
151
225
154
Action of a central force on liquids
157
Axis of revolution through centre of gravity
166
Adhesion
190
BOOK III
196
Proper functions of a machine
204
CHAPTER XIV
210
Three kinds of lever 189 Conditions of equilibrium
212
Relation of power and weight in the three kinds 191 The balance
214
Sensibility of a balance 193 The steelyard
216
Letter balance
217
Spring balances 196 Other examples of the lever
218
Pressure on fulcrum
220
Rectangular lever 199 Beam resting on two props
221
161
222
Weighingmachines
223
The kneelever
224
Key of Erards pianoforte
225
Power of a machine
226
Equivalent lever 206 The wheel and axle
227
169
228
The treadmill 209 French quarry wheels
229
Differential wheel and axle
230
Practical examples
231
Combinations
232
The screw
233
Toothed wheels 213 Spur wheels
234
Double inclined plane 229 Selfacting planes
248
The wedge
249
Examples
254
Hunters screw 236 Micrometer screw
255
Endless screw
256
CHAPTER XII
257
Experimental illustration
261
Pendulum indicates variations of gravity 241 Compound pendulum
263
Centre of oscillation
265
Pendulum measures velocity of falling bodies 244 Property of a swing
268
Length of pendulum vibrating seconds 246 The balance wheel 247 The
270
CHAPTER XVI
273
Varying power opposed to uniform resistance 250 Uniform power opposed to varying resistance
274
Regulators 252 The governor
275
228
276
229
277
ib 230 232
278
ib 235 236
279
ib ib 237
280
Flywheel 256 Mainspring 257 Clockwork moved by a weight
281
Hammers sledges etc 259 Inertia supplies means of accumulating force
282
Position of the flywheel 261 Modification of motion
285
Continued rectilinear motion
286
ib 239
287
240
288
SECT PAGH 263 Reciprocating rectilinear motion
289
ib 246
290
ib 248 ib 249
291
Universal joint
292
SECT
298
Joints
300
Gimbals
301
Cradle joint
303
Telescope joint
304
Clamps and adjusting screws
305
278
307
Friction
309
280
311
281
313
282
314
Sledges ib 284 Use of rollers
315
ib 285
316
287
317
Railways
318
Brakes
319
Imperfect flexibility of ropes
320
Ponderous missiles
323
Resistance of air to motion of falling bodies
324
CHAPTER XVIII
325
Strength to resist pressure
329
Strength to resist torsion
331
Strength to resist transverse strain
332
Action of molecular forces
333
Steamhorse
351
Capillary attraction
357
Units of work The footpound The horsepower
364
324 Energy
370
SECT PAGE
378
Problems on work and energy
384
BOOK IV
393
Drops for loading and unloading ships
400
The sledge hammer
406
Elasticity
407
Planing machine
414
Screwcutting engine
421
CHAPTER XXIV
424
CHAPTER XXV
427
Sandglass
430
Clocks and watches 357 Pendulum
431
Compensation pendulums
433
Harrisons gridiron pendulum
434
Connection between pendulum and escapement
437
Motion of hand intermitting
439
Its action upon the escapement ib
440
Motion of hands how proportioned ib 367 Method of cutting wheels and pinions
441
Mainspring
443
Fusee
445
Balance wheel
448
Isochronism
449
Movement imparted to the hands of a watch
450
Movements of the hands of a clock
453
To regulate the rate
455
Cylindrical escapement
458
Duplex escapement
460
Lever escapement
461
Detached escapement
462
Maintaining power in clocks
463
Maintaining power in watches
465
Cases in which either weights or springs are used
467
CHAPTER XXVI
473
Further improvement
483
Expansive force of gases
486
Examples of divisibility
14
Wollastons micrometric wire 16 Minuteness of organic filaments II
15

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