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P R E FAOE. Ous Component en book to now leoned as an annual prontloation for the diglatha tima. The irst yearly number of this little volume was published in 1878, and so favorable was ita roooption that the one for the yoar 1879 followed in duo course. When the obaraoter of thono volumes booame better known to the readers of TH LITER OCBAN, it was not long before both editions were exhansted As they were not stereotyped thoy have gone out of print, and it to now impossible for us to tarnish our patrons with any copies of them. The yoardy editions which have appeared regularly anoe then- &, for 1880, 1881, 1882, 1883, 1884, and now 1885—have all beon steroosy pod, and full sets or singlo copios can be obtained Each number is complete in itself, and the repetition of the same information in two ar more editions has been carefully avoided; but the value of the series of six books will be fuily understood and appreciated by those who have read Ous OURIOBITI SHor Department as it has appeared from time to time in TE INTEB OORAX'S dally, semi-wookly, and weakly editions
As the readers of THE INTH OORAX are well aware, OUR CURIOSITY SHOP is that Depart ment of the paper devoted to answering questions submitted by our reader: The larger part by far of those inquiries wo answer by mail, rosorving for the columns of Tu Inin DORAI only such as will be of general interest. At the close of each year the best material that has appeared from week to wook in Oo3 CURIOSITY SHor is oritioally wadested and not side for this little annual valuma
There were many inquirios received during the year 1886 regarding the slavery war, and matters incident to that struggle, such as regimental histories, historios, commandon and composition of army corps, accounts of battles, oktobes of great generals, omandpa tion, secession and readmission of the rebel States, eto. Nuob interest was shown also in Kuropean affairs, particularly those affecting Great Britain, Germany, and France. The Indiang, political parties in the United Statos and Great Britain, treaties, and the author of books, songs, and sayings, formed a considerable share of the questions asked during the year and answered in the following pages. An extended artiale is devoted to the campaigns of Goneral Grant, and this is eupplementod by a chronological history of that great man The Index will be found as usual careful and complete, and arranged n m to abow at a glance what the volume for 1885 contains
r. a M.
OUR CURIOSITY SHOP.
when any slave was employed in any military
WATSEKA. M. or naval service against the Government the perDia B. I, Butler, in the time of the rebellion, issuo a proclamation treeing the slaves? If so, at what
timo son by whom his labor was claimed -that is, his vaş it, and did President Lincoln revoke the order? And when was the emancipation order of General
owner-should forfeit all claims to such labor. Fremont 18suod?
S. B. TETER. The intent at the time this bill was passed was Answer.-General Butler issued no such proc
that it should only be in force during the continlamation, but he was the first to suggest to the
dance of the insurrection, for few were then able Government a partial solution of the very per
to see what proportions the rebellion would agplexing question as to what was to be done with
sume and what other measures would be found the slaven during he rebellion. . It was held that necessary to overthrow it, Goneral Fremont, the Constitution of the United States did not
then in command of the westorn department of give to Congress, or to the non-slaveholding the army, chose to assume that the confiscation States, any right to interfere with the institution &ot of Congress had unlimited scope, and Aug. of slavery. This was reafirmed by Congress in a 31, 1861, issued a proclamation confiscating the resolution passed by the House, Feb. 11, 1861, property and freeing the slaves of all citizens of without a dissenting voice, to reassure the South
Missouri who had taken or should take up arms that, in spite of the election of Mr. Lincoln, the against the Government. This action of Fremont North bad no intention of usurping power not
embarrassed President Lincoln greatly. For granted by the
Constitution. But when, whatever may have been his hope that the outafter the outbreak of the war, the army began to come of the war would be the final abolition occupy posts in the seceding and slaveholding of slavery, he could not fail to see that to permit States the negroes came flocking into the Union the generals of the army to take such a course then lines, large numbers being set free by the disor- in this matter was rather premature. He accordganized condition of affairs from their usual labor ingly wrote to General Fremont requesting him on the farms and plantations of the South. Then to modify his proclamation. The General replied the question arose, What can be done with them? with a request that the President himself would General Butler, when they came into his camp at make the necessary modifications. President Fortress Monroe, detained them and refused to Lincoln therefore issued a special order, Sept. 11, surrender them upon the application of their 1861, declaring that the emancipation clause of Owners on the plea that they were contra
General Fremont's proclamation "be so modified, band of
that is, property whicb held, and construed as to conform with and not could be used in military operations,
to transcend the provisions on the same subject and therefore, by the laws of war, subject to contained in the act of Congress approved Aug. seizure. He set the able-bodied men at work 6,” preceding. Another instance of the kind ocapon Government fortifications, and when they eurred at the hands of General Hunter, the folbrought their women and children with them he lowing year. That officer, being in command at issued rations to them and charged them to the Hilton Head, 8. C., proclaimed the States of service of the men. The President sustained Georgia, Florida, and South Carolina, in his deGeneral Butler's action in this case and the ex- partment, under martial law, and May 9, 1862, ample was followed by other commanders. The issued an order in which occurred these words: Government ordered strict accounts to be kept of "Slavery and martial law in a free country are the labor thus performed, as it was not yet de- altogether incompatible. The persons in these termined that these laborers should be regarded States-Georgia, Florida, and South Carolinaus free. On Aug. 6, 1861, the President signed heretofore held as slaves, are therefore declared an act passed by Congress which declared that forever free." Though President Lincoln had
© 19 FEB
boen bitterly consored by extremists for his ital for the Confederaoy. However, shortly after notion toward General Fremont, and though his arrival there, news was received of the surbo
that to interfere with General render of Joseph E. Jobnston's army to SherHunter would only bring upon
him man, and a rapid line of march was resumed in OVOR
worse storm of reproaches, ho the direction of the Gulf of Mexioo. An escort of did not shrink from what he believed his duty in 2,000 cavalry accompanied the fugitives when tbo matter. He immediately issued a proclama. they left Greensboro, but a large part of this dotion sternly revoking General Hunter's order, sortod before the town of Washington, Green, was saying that the Government bad not bad any reached. There Mr. Davis decided to dismiss the knowledge of the General's intention to issue cavalry foree, and with a small company to atan order, and distinctly stating that "neither tempt to make his way to Forrest's army in General Hunter nor any other commander or per- Mississippi. His purpose was to distribute most son has been authorized by the Government of the of the coia under his chargo among these United States to make proclamation declaring soldiers. Lieutenant 0. E. L. Stuart, of Davis' the slaves of any State free." "I further make staff, in his book, "History of the Last Days and known," he continued, "that whether it be com- Final Fall of the Rebellion," thus gives the darpotent for me, as commander-in-chief of the ticulars of the final disposition of this money: army and navy, to declare the elaves of any Stato "At Washington there was a seramble for the or States free: and whether, at any time or in any specie. It was determined to give the cavalry a case, it shall have become a necessity indispensa- few dollars each. They were impatient, and ble to the maintenance of the Govornment to ex helped themselves as soon as they discovered ercise such supposed power, are questions which. where to get it. The result was a great irreguunder my responsibility, I reseryo to myself, and larity of distribution; many got too muoh, many which I can not feel justified in leaving to com- nothing; and 'dust-hunters' picked up & good manders in the field." Though much displeas deal the following day a good deal that was are was exprossed by many at the time concern- trampled under foot in the contemptible ing tho position thus taken by the President, it scramble." was gonoraıly admitted later that he was justified in taking it, since it was from no lack of sympathy
STATUS OF THE INDIANS.
HENRY, WU, with the oause of omanoipation that bo withheld Have any
of the Indians in the United States a'right his sanotion from the prematuro attempts to
to vote for President? What qualifcations are neces sary for them to become voters?
A READIR. secure its
Answer.-The suffrage laws of three States AUTHOR OT "HALL OOLUYOBIA."
only-Michigan, Minnesota, and WisconsinPEOTON, UL.
grant the franchise to civilized Indians who are Who was the author of "Hail Columbia"?
8. GOODIPEED. not connected with any tribal organization. Answer.-The ringing popular bullad was
Further, the United States Government has by written by Joseph Hopkinson, son of Francis, treaty or legislative enactment at different times who was one of the signers of the great Declara- admitted tribes or parts of tribes to full rights of tion of Independenoe. Joseph was a jurist, a citizenship, as follows: In Kansas, the Potnative of Philadelphia, where he was born Nov. 12, tawatomies and Wyandots, and a remnant of 1770, and where he died Jan. 15, 1842. As has the Kickapoo and Delaware tribes; in Dakota, a been well said, the great works of his life have band of friendly Sioux; also the Winnebagoes, been forgotten by the million, but the ballad still of Minnesota; the Stockbridges, of Wisconsin; lives. He composed it in the year 1798 for the the Ottawas and Chippewas, of Michigan, and benefit of an actor named Fox, after an air en- the Ottawas of Blanchara's Fork, Indian Territitled "The President's March," which had been tory. Of these a large number are known to composed by a German named Teyles, on tho 00- have sold the lands allotted to them when their casion of General Washington's first visit to a civil rights were conferred, and again associated theater at New York in 1789.
themselves with their original tribe, so it is im
possible to say what proportion may still claim CONFEDERATK TREASURE.
YORK, Nob. to be citizens. The legal status of the Indian What was done with the coin takon from Richmond under the fourteenth and fifteenth amendments by the Confederates when they left that city in 1865?
READER. was defined by a decision in the United States SuAnswer.-April 2,1865, when Richmond wan preme Court Nov. 4, 1884. A Nebraska Indian bad evacuated, the retreating President and his Cabi. brought suit against a ward registrar in Omaha not took with them a sum in gold coin belonging for refusing to register him as a qualified voter. to the Richmond banks, and also some gold that The ruling of the Supreme Court was that an Inhad been sent by the Louisiana banks to Rich- dian, who was born a member of one of the tribes mond for safe keeping. They went to the town within the United States (said tribe still existof Danville, where the Confederate government ing and recognized as a tribo by the Government), had its headquarters for a few daye. When the and who has voluntarily separated himself from news of the surrender of Lee arrived the demor. bis tribe and taken ap bis residence among the alized "government" again moved on to Greens- white citizens of a State, but who has not been boro, N. O., where it stayed until April 15. paturalized or taxed, or recognized as a citizen It then took flight on horseback and in ofther by the United States or by the State, is not ambulances -for Stoneman's forces bad a oitizen within the meaning of the fourteenth destroyed all the railroads-for Charlotte, N. O., amendment, and can not sustain claim to the where Mr. Davis planned to establish a new oep- elective franchise under the amendment. The