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The warlike condition of the State militia now inaugurated, together with a rapidly augmenting force in the field, made an additional force in the Adjutant-General's field of manifold service a necessity.
On the 20th of April, Lieut.-Col. John H. Reed, of Boston, was commissioned quartermaster-general, with the rank of brigadiergeneral.
Dr. William J. Dale, of Boston, was commissioned surgeongeneral, and Elijah D. Brigham, of Boston, commissary-general, severally with the rank of colonel, on the 13th of June.
Gen. Ebenezer W. Stone, of Roxbury, was commissioned master of ordnance, with the rank of colonel, on the 25th of May; which office he held until the 3d of October. On the 7th of October, Charles Amory, Esq., of Boston, was commissioned as his successor.
Albert G. Browne, jun., of Salem, was commissioned as military secretary to the Commander-in-Chief, May 27, 1861; rank, lieutenant-colonel.
Assistants were added to departments with the increase of official business.
Upon the appointment of Gen. Butler to the rank of majorgeneral, his immediate connection with the State troops ceased. In a note to Gov. Andrew, he thus warmly speaks of the patriotic Executive :
I cannot close our official relations, and my nearer official relations to the Massachusetts troops, without expressing to your Excellency my deep sense of obligation for the kind and vigilant attention which you have bestowed upon every want of the soldiers on duty here, the unremitting exertions to aid us in the discharge of our duties, your unvarying personal kindness to us all, and especially to myself. If we have in any degree well done that duty to the country, and properly performed that service, which Massachusetts had a right to expect from us, in upholding her fame, so dear to all her sons, it has been because we have been so unweariedly and faithfully aided at bome by the exertions of your Excellency and the military department of the State ; and I take leave of your Excellency with sentiments of the highest respect and firmest friendship.
The Commonwealth was therefore prepared for the next call from the Government upon her waiting volunteers, whose Executive Forthily represented her spirit when he said,
To whatever work of patriotic duty they are called, the people will come. There are those now among us, and still ready to serve the country, who remember in the war of 1812 the thousands flocking down, some even from beyond the county of Worcester, each man with pick or shovel on his shoulder, and each town or parish headed by its pastor, armed like the rest, to labor on the forts and defences of Boston. The people, if need be, could come themselves, and wall up our coast with the masonry of
In this connection we add a sketch of the Independent or“Governor's Company of Cadets,” whose history deserves many pages.
PRESENT OFFICERS. Lieutenant-Colonel. -- C. C. Holmes. Majors. — John Jeffries, jun., Curtis B. Raymond. Surgeon. - B. Joy Jeffries, M.D. Chaplain. Rev. S. K. Lothrop, DD. Adjutant. Lieut. Charles M. Seaver. Quartermaster,
Lieutenants. — William F. Lawrence, Otis E. Weld, George A. Clark, James H. Eli son, Henry P. Quincy, Frederic Dexter. Non-commissioned Staff: — SergeantMajor J. Theodore Clark, Quartermaster Sergeant Charles E. Stevens.
This company was organized Oct. 16, 1741; having three commissioned offieers ranking as field-officers. The first commander was Lieut-Col. Benjamin Pollard, whose commission from Gov. William Shirley has been transmitted to the Independent Company of Cadets of Boston. In the very year of their organization, the Cadets escorted Gov. Shirley to the boundaries of the Province of Massachusetts Bay, when on his way to Rhode Island for the purpose o adjusting the boundary-line between that colony and the Colony of Plymouth, which had been annexed to Massachusetts. From that time, until the summer of 1774, the Cadets were recognized as the body-guard of the successive governors of the province, and were always detailed to perform escort-duty. Its subsequent annals are peaceful, but full of historical interest.
On the breaking out of the Rebellion in 1861, the first division of Massachusetts militia became dismembered by reason of many of its organizations having teen mustered into the service of the United States. The Cadets remained unattarbed during the administration of his Excellency John A. Andrew, Governor of the Commonwealth; and, during that time, performed many important duties, in guarding the capital, and State arsenals, besides having been mustered into the service of the United States, and serving for five weeks on garrison-duty at Fort Warren in Boston Harbor. About twenty of the present company Lave served through the war. Of the past and present members of this corps, a hundred and forty are known to have been in the service of the United States in the course of the war, mainly holding commissions. The following have received commissions as general officers: Brevet Major-Generals. — George II. Gordon, Edward A. Wild, and Adin B. Underwood. Brigadier-General.
Stephu M. Weld, jun. Brevet Brigadier-Generals. — Horace B. Sargent and William S. Tilton. Fourteen members of this corps have been killed in battle, or dind of their wounds. A beautiful monument for the Cadets who bave died in the war is soon to be erected in Mount Auburn.
THE THREE-YEARS' REGIMENTS.
The President's Call for Volunteers. — Response of the States. — The first Regiment. –
Its Origin. - Departure for the Seat of War. — Marches and Battles.
RESIDENT LINCOLN, who had become convinced by the
of sectional feeling, but a deadly conflict whose end none could discern, issued on May 3, 1861, a call for troops to serve three years, unless the dawn of peace disbanded the army before the expiration of that period.
In the towns of Massachusetts, and elsewhere in the loyal States, volunteer companies had been formed, anticipating the demand for their services in the widening arena of bloody conflict. May 23, in accordance with the President's proclamation, the Adjutant-General of Massachusetts published an order for the organization of six regiments of infantry, each to consist of ten companies; the maximum strength to be a thousand and forty-six men; and the minimum, eight hundred and forty-six.
Each regiment was to have a chaplain, who must be a regularly ordained minister of some religious denomination. The six regiments were promptly organized.
The Third and Fourth Militia Regiments at Fortress Monroe were incomplete ; and, to supply the deficiency, three-years' troops were taken. May 9, a company from Lynn, commanded by Capt. W. D. Chamberlain, and another, raised in Boston and vicinity, left the city in the steamer “Pembroke" for Fortress Monroe. Nine days later, Capt. L. Leach's company from Bridgewater, Capt. J. H. Barnes's company from East Boston, Capt. Charles Chipman's company from Sandwich, and Capt. S. H. Doten's company from Plymoutlı, sailed in the “Cambridge,” having the same destination. On the 22d, Capt. P. H. Davis's company from Lowell, and Capt. T. W. Clarke's of Boston, were carried by the “ Pembroke” to join the Third and Fourth Regiments. After the three-months' troops returned, the remaining companies were formed into an infantry