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says the staff-officer who wrote the “Story of the Great March,” in his account of this battle, “ are the only representatives of the glorious Bay State in our army. A nobler record of heroic deeds may never be found than is the history of the Second.”
The enemy being defeated, advance was resumed. On the 24th, the regiment reached Goldsborough, and camped near the Weldon Railway. The great march through the Carolinas was ended.
On the 10th of April, the regiment, temporarily consolidated into ten companies under Capt. Phalen, moved towards Raleigh ; on the 20th, received news of the suspension of hostilities. On the 29th, the surrender of Johnston was announced to the troops; and, on the 30th, commenced the march to the capital.
After being in camp at Alexandria a few days, the regiment took part in the grand review of Sherman's army on the 24th of May. It then went into camp at Bladensburg. On the 9th of June, the old brigade, division, and corp organizations, being broken up, it parted with its gallant companions. With other Eastern veteran regiments, it formed a part of Gen. Bartlett's division. On the 14th, it began provost-duty, as part of the garrison of Washington, and went into camp at Capitol Hill.
On the 14th of July, orders mustered the Second out of service. On the 15th, it started homeward. At New York, it paid its respects to its old general, Hooker, and was cordially received. The regiment reached Readville, Mass., where it remained until the 26th of July. On that day the men received their final discharge, and the Second Massachusetts left its name to history.
This regiment furnished many subordinate officers to other regiments, or departments of service, besides eight majors, six lieutenant-colonels, four.colonels, two brevet brigadier-generals, and three brigadiers who were brevetted major-generals. Its whole number of officers from the beginning, of all grades, was eightyeight. Of these, twelve were killed; four died of wounds; two died in service, of disease contracted in the line of duty, and one since; twenty-two wounded, not mortally; twenty-seven received higher commissions in other branches or corps, of whom five were killed ; and, of the remainder, five left service from disease. of the original thirty-seven officers who left Camp Andrew, fourteen are dead. The Adjutant-General's Report gives one thousand seven hundred and one enlisted men: of these it reports one hundred and sixty-six as killed, or died of wounds; seventy-eight dead by disease ; thirteen died in Southern prisons. The number wounded, not fully ascertained, was near five hundred.
This brief account, in which details are necessarily omitted, is a story of a regiment which never failed in its duty. Its characteristics were perfect instruction, thorough discipline, hardy endurance, and entire bravery. It was always a reliable regiment. “I want to spare it,” said a corps commander; “ but, when I come to a hard place, I have to put in the Second Massachusetts.” The commanders of every grade, brigade, division, or corps, never admitted the superiority of any regiment in the army to this ; and its position was, tacitly at least, admitted, wherever it served.
THE NINE-MONTHS' REGIMENTS.
The Draft. — The Third Regiment volunteers. — In Camp. - In the field. — The Fourth
Regiment. — Organization. — Departure for the Front. Its Services. — The Fifth Regiment. Formation. Preparations to march. Active Duties. — The Sixth Regiment. — Its Organization and Services. — Return to Massachusetts. – The Eighth re-enlists. – In Camp Lander. - Embarked for Newbern, N.C. - Services in the Field. - Its Return Home.
THE THIRD REGIMENT.
CITH the return of autumn, 1862, the President's order for
a draft of nine-months' men was published. This brought into the field the first Massachusetts troops for that period of service.
The pioneer march of the Third Regiment has already been narrated in the record of the three-months' troops. Upon its return from Fortress Monroe, July, 1861, it was mustered out of service, and again took its place in the militia of the State. The Third did not wait for drafting, but, when the emphatic call came, immediately volunteered, and went into Camp Joe Hooker, at Lakeville. The first company arrived Sept. 16; and, before the week expired, the tenth company was also there. The organization was completed under the following officers : Colonel
Silas P. Richmond.
Alfred A. Stocker.
Woodbridge R. Howe.
Charles A. Snow. Oct. 8, orders were received to start for Newbern, N.C., and report to Gen. Foster; but the march was delayed, for the want of overcoats, until the 22d, when the steamers “ Merrimac” and “ Mississippi” sailed with the troops, in the quiet of evening, honored with the signals of a proud and tender farewell.
After a passage of four days, they debarked at Beaufort, N.C.; were borne by the cars to Newbern, thirty-six miles distant, the same night, Oct. 26 ; and went into camp on the banks of the Neuse River, a mile from the city.
The arms distributed on the 29th were poor “ Austrian rifle muskets," and were received with marked dissatisfaction.
Drilling, picketing, and short expeditions ; garrison duty by Company I at Plymouth and Elizabeth City, N.C.; and a fight near the former place, in which two were killed, — make up
the outline of regimental history till Dec. 11.
On that day, the Third moved with the expedition to Goldsborough, which occupied eleven days, and included a march of one hundred and fifty miles. The Third was in the fights of Kinston, Whitehall, and Goldsborough, and displayed such courage, that, by the order of Gen. Foster, those names, with the dates of the battles that made them historical, were inscribed on its banner.
The remainder of the month was devoted to the almost unnoticed but perilous and indispensable picket-duty.
The regiment was attached to Gen. Heckman's brigade, and the subjoined note from him tells the story of that connection:
HEADQUARTERS FIRST BRIGADE, Naglee's DIVISION,
NEWBERN, N.C., Jan. 12, 1863. To Col. S. P. RICHMOND, commanding Third Regiment M.V. M.
Colonel, — In the report of my assistant adjutant-general, who inspected your regiment last muster, the arms you now have were condemned. I have made every effort since to have the arms changed, to retain you in my brigade ; but time would not permit : another regiment has been assigned. Accept my regrets that your regiment was not in condition to remain (as regards equipments).
The soldierly appearance and conduct of your officers and men have made a favorable impression; and I part with you with regret.
Very respectfully yours,
C. A. HECKMAN, Brigadier-General,
Commanding 1st Brigade, Naglee's Division, 18th Army Corps. The regiment now became a part of Col. J. Jourdan's brigade for the rest of its term of enlistment.
The commendation of Gen. Foster is a reliable estimation of the discipline and efficiency of the troops : —
The Third Massachusetts Regiment always obeys orders, and performs all its duties promptly, and without grumbling."
Gen. Prince says,
• The Third Massachusets Regiment and its commander can be intrusted with important duties, with a certainty of their being performed promptly and well."
Col. Jourdan says, –
When the troops were removed, Jan. 26, to Camp Jourdan, near Fort Totten, its horribly wretched condition was soon su completely changed by their cheerful hard work, that the medical director made special mention of it as “one of the cleanest, prettiest, and most healthy camps near Newbern, although formerly considered a very unhealthy locality.”
During March, important detached service was performed by the Third, in Gen. Prince's division: under arms at Deep Gully, and reconnoitring to Pollocksville, were the most important incidents in its army life.
April brought work on intrenchments, an expedition across the Neuse River, exhausting marches, skirmishes with the enemy, successful co-operation with another column in driving the rebels from Washington, N.C., releasing the Forty-fourth Massachusetts from its unpleasant position, and picket-duty at Deep Gully.
May repeated substantially this experience; and, June 6, the regiment escorted the Forty-fourth Massachusetts to the depot, on their homeward march.
Writes an officer,
Being ordered on the 11th to Boston, Mass., the regiment left Newbern. Three companies, with the sick, embarked on the Tillie” at Newbern; and seven companies went by railroad to Morehead, and embarked on the “Spaulding.” The regiment was escorted to the depot by the One Hundred and Fifty-eighth New-York Volunteers, preceded by the band of the Forty-sixth Massachusetts. Gen. Foster and Col. Jourdan honored the column by a standing review. The Forty-fifth and Fifty-first Massachusetts Regiments were in line on the south side of the Trent River, and cheered us with music and voice on our homeward journey.
We landed in Boston the 10th, having bad rather a rough passage ; but the transports were very comfortable. We met with an enthusiastic reception in Boston, and were escorted to the Common by the Forty-fourth Massachusetts and the Massachusetts Rifle Club. The Governor being absent, Adjutant-Gen. Schouler reviewed the column from the State-House steps; after which we marched to Beach Street, and partook of a collation. At one, P.M., the regiment took the cars for Camp Joe Hooker, but were furloughed on the cars, being ordered to report in camp on the 22d.
The regiment reported in camp on that day, where it remained until the 26th, when it was mustered out of service by Capt. J. K. Lawrence, UnitedStates army, and was dismissed by a complimentary and affecting order from the colonel. The men dispersed quietly, maintaining their excellent character for discipline to the last.
During the campaign, the regiment was transported by steamers and