« ΠροηγούμενηΣυνέχεια »
The five companies first in the field left Washington, and arrived in Readville, Mass., June 8, and were finally discharged on the 17th. The remaining companies were retained in service until the 20th of July. Arrived in Readville on the 22d, and were discharged on the 1st of August.
This regiment was under recruitment at the time of the surrender of Gen. Lee; and was mustered out before completion, by orders from the War Department. The command, consisting of eight officers and three hundred and eighty-one enlisted men, was mustered out May 5, 1865. Had this regiment been sent forward, it would have been commanded by Col. Ansel D. Wass, late of the Nineteenth, Forty-first, and Sixtieth Regiments.
The officers were,
I. Harris Hooper.
THE FIRST COMPANY OF SHARPSHOOTERS
Was recruited by Capt. Saunders at Lynnfield, and left for the seat of war Sept. 3, 1861.
Its commissioned officers were,
It was attached to the command of Gen. Lander, on the Upper Potomac, until his death, and then to the Fifteenth Massachusetts, and took part with it in all its engagements. Its services during 1862 may be inferred from the fact, that, on the 1st of December of that year, the company was in camp at Falmouth, with but eighteen effective men, in command of Lieut. Martin. Here it was strengthened by the arrival of Capt. William Plumer and forty recruits.
On the 11th, it protected the engineers in laying pontoonbridges. The next day, it marched to the attack on Fredericksburg, and, in the capacity of sharpshooters, was so effective against the enemy as to attract exclusively to itself one of his batteries. The company received the commendation of the general commanding; was withdrawn at night, and placed on picket; and, on the 16th, returned to Falmouth to its old camp with the Fifteenth. It was employed in protecting the engineers and in picket-duty until April 17, 1863; when it was attached to the second division, Second Corps headquarters, camping near it.
May 3, it advanced with the second division up Fredericksburg, and deployed to protect skirmishers in front of the cemetery.
From June 9 until the 17th, details of the company were employed in protecting the pickets of the Sixth Corps on the south side of the Rappalannock. These then returned, and joined the Army of the Potomac in its retrograde march, protecting the headquarters wagons of the second division. On the 21st, the company was placed in reserve until the 25th. It crossed the Potomac River, and encamped within two miles of Gettysburg, on the night of July 1.
Next morning, the company was distributed along the line, from Rickett's battery into the outskirts of the town of Gettysburg. Five men were sent to the front, and posted in a brick barn, where they opened fire upon the enemy with effect, causing him to shell the place and burn it down.
In the afternoon of July 3, Lieut. Bicknell, with three men, penetrated the flying ranks of a portion of the rebels, and succeeded in driving in a hundred and thirty of them as prisoners. He was complimented by the commanding general on the conduct of the Andrew Sharpshooters. The loss of the company was two killed and six wounded.
July 4, it was in front all day, protecting skirmishers; without any casualties, however,
On the retreat of Gen. Lee, the company, under command of Sergeant Clement, joined in the pursuit; the captain and lieutenant being in ambulances. On the 17th, Capt. Plumer was sent to Frederick-City Hospital, and Lieut. Bicknell was discharged.
On the 31st of July, the army had advanced as far as Morrisville; at which place thirty-one men of the company were reported fit for duty.
Aug. 11, Lieut. Clement, whose commission dated from July 5, 1863, and who commanded the company, was placed under arrest for conduct prejudicial to good order and discipline. He was dismissed from the service by court-martiąl, Sept. 26.
Sept. 17, the company was at Raccoon Ford. A detail of men was sent out to silence the rebels, who were firing on our pickets: this was accomplished, and, the following day, all was quiet.
Oct. 6, the army began a retrograde movement. On the 14th, the action at Bristow Station took place, in which the company was distinguished for its cool and praiseworthy conduct.
The commanding officer of the Twentieth Massachusetts sent out a sergeant with nine men of the company to act against the sharpshooters of the enemy; which they did. In advancing, they came upon a number concealed in ditches, who surrendered, and were brought within the lines by the sergeant and his party. Corporal Curtis, perceiving three of the enemy's guns nearly disabled by the fire of our batteries, took possession of them. Sergeant Galbraith coming to his assistance, they secured two of them; leaving the third to the Nineteenth Massachusetts.
The Twentieth, to which the company was attached, reached Centreville on the 15th, where it remained until the 19th. On the 24th, the company was again encamped near Warrenton.
It left camp on the 7th of November, and next became engaged with the enemy at Brandy Station. Crossing the Rapidan at Germania Ford on the 26th, the next day the skirmishers encountered the enemy at Robertson's Tavern. On the 28th, some severe fighting took place, and the company had two men wounded. The next two days, the Twentieth Massachusetts, with the company, was in line of battle in front of the enemy's works at Mine Run. On the 1st of December, the retreat commenced ; and on the 20 the company reached its old camp at Brandy Station, having marched thirty-five miles in twenty-five hours. There were no stragglers on this march. The company was mustered out with the Nineteenth Regiment, to which organization it for a long time was attached.
SECOND COMPANY OF SHARPSHOOTERS.
The Second Company of Sharpshooters was recruited at Lynnfield. It was from the commencement attached to the Twentysecond Regiment Massachusetts Volunteers, and shared the fatigues, the battles, and the honors of that regiment. Its history is therefore the history of the Twenty-second, in which it bore a brave and gallant part. It was mustered out with this regiment in October, 1864.
The two unattached companies were commanded successively by Capts. L. G. Dennis, J. G. Barnes, 0. A. Baker, F. A. Johnson, Louis Soule, R. W. Thayer, Joshua H. Wilkie, Fitz J. Babson, Walter D. Keith, and Samuel C. Graves.
The Second, Seventeenth, Eighteenth, Nineteenth, Twenty-first, Twenty-fourth, Twenty-fifth, Twenty-sixth, and Twenty-seventh companies were mustered into the service of the Government for one year during November and December of 1864, and stationed in the forts along the coast of Massachusetts. They were mustered out during the months of May, June, and July, 1865. They performed for the country a quiet but indispensable service.
Of the First and Second Companies of Sharpshooters, a brief account has already been given. Their history for 1864 forms a part of that of the regiments with which they were connected.
THE HEAVY ARTILLERY.
The Fourteenth Regiment of Infantry changed to the First Heavy Artillery. - Garrisoning
the Forts about Washington. — Col. Tannett. — Company I at Winchester. - Gen. Grant's Campaign. — Battles. — Before Petersburg. — Closing Scenes of the War. Return to Washington. — Mustered out. — Second Regiment in Department of Virginia and North Carolina. — Companies captured at Plymouth, N.C. Recruits. - Close of the War. - Discharged. — Third Regiment. — Composition. - Roster. - CompanylFourth Regiment. — Composition. — Roster. — Unattached Companies. — First Battalion. – Why raised. — Service. — Companies A, C, D.- Mustered out.
FIRST REGIMENT HEAVY ARTILLERY.
HE First Regiment of Heavy Artillery was originally organ
left Fort Warren for the seat of war, Aug. 7, 1861. It was employed on garrison-duty in the vicinity of Washington until Jan. 1, 1862 ; when, by orders from the War Department, it was changed into a regiment of heavy artillery. Fifty recruits were added to each company, and two additional companies raised to fill it to its maximum standard.
Its roster of officers was,
William B. Greene.
The regiment was employed in garrisoning the forts around Washington until the 26th of August, when it was ordered to the front. It was present in line of battle at Bull Run, but did not enter into the engagement. It was ordered back to Washington, and the several companies of the regiment were employed in detached service at different points on the Potomac.
Col. Thomas R. Tannett took command of the regiment Jan. 1, 1863. Up to the 10th of June, it was employed mainly in build