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dition when near its consummation. Mr. Lincoln said of it, notwithstanding the result, that the endeavor to carry supplies to Major Anderson and his band of heroes “greatly strengthened the cause of the country.” Mr. Fox was appointed Assistant Secretary May 9, 1861.

With him originated the New Orleans Expedition. He proposed it to Gen. McClellan, who replied that it required a hundred thousand men..

Mr. Fox asked for ten thousand, and they were promised; but so little interest did Gen. McClellan feel in the expedition, that, when the vessels were ready, Gen. Butler found the troops which had been gathering at Ship Island were ordered to Texas. He conferred with Mr. Fox and with Secretary Stanton, who had just entered upon his duties. Gen. McClellan was called into the council; and the result was, the troops were furnished, New Orleans captured, and the national cause suddenly brought into the cheering light of victory amid the rejoicings of the people.

It was Mr. Lincoln's habit to visit the room of Mr. Fox, and defer to his judgment in naval affairs, while he was also a warm personal friend.

It was a striking remark of Mr. Seward in his Auburn speech toward the close of the war, when alluding to the Secretary of the Navy, “ We have two Secretaries of the Navy ;” expressing his estimate of the capacity and services of Mr. Fox.

Capt. Fox will cross the ocean in the monitor “ Miantonomah," now awaiting him at Halifax, to personally see the Emperor of Russia with the resolutions of Congress, congratulating him on his escape from assassination. Capt. Fox will also examine and report upon the condition of the principal navies of Europe.

Modest, gentlemanly, and honorable, Massachusetts can point proudly to her representative man in the Navy Department, Gustavus V. Fox.

9

REAR-ADMIRAL DAVIS.

The following is but a brief sketch of Rear-Admiral Davis's patriotic and useful career, - a gentleman whose purity of character has honored his origin and his State:

Charles Henry Davis was born in Boston, Jan. 16, 1807. His father was the late Hon. Daniel Davis, for forty-two years Solicitor-General of Massachusetts. He received his early education at the Latin School, and entered Harvard, but remained there less than two years.

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On the 12th of August, 1823, he was appointed an acting midshipman in the United States navy, and, in the following October, received orders to join the frigate “ United States."

In 1829, he joined “The Ontario," and sailed for the Mediterranean in the squadron of Commodore Biddle. While on this cruise, he commenced the study of the Spanish and French languages.

He next went to the Pacific in “ The Vincennes,” the flag-ship of Commodore Wadsworth, where he was employed as interpreter between Commodore Wadsworth and the authorities of the State of Ecuador.

In 1837, he sailed for St. Petersburg in the frigate “Independence," carrying Mr. Dallas, the American minister to the imperial court of Russia.

He was appointed to the United-States Coast Survey from 1842 to 1849. During this service, he commenced investigations into the laws of engineering in tidal harbors. The harbors of Portland, Boston, and New York, have been particularly benefited by these investigations.

In July, 1819, Lieut. Davis was assigned to the duty of superintending the preparation of “The American Ephemeris and Nautical Almanac, which, after many formidable obstacles, he triumphantly organized, and superintended for seven years. During that time, he prepared a translation of Gauss's “Theoria Motus," as well as treatises on “Mechanical Quadratures," “The Computation of Planetary Orbits," and other mathematical tracts.

In 1856, he joined the sloop-of-war “St. Mary's,” of which he had received the command, at Panama; and, during this cruise, received the capitulation of Gen. Walker, while besieged by the allied armies of Central America. In 1859, he again resuined the superintendence of “ The Nautical Almanac."

In May, 1861, Commander Davis was ordered to Washington on duty connected with the efficiency and discipline of the naval service, and was appointed member of two boards. By one of the boards, several combined naval and military expeditions against Southern ports were organized.

Commander Davis was appointed captain of the fleet of one of these, which consisted of eighteen men-of-war and thirty-eight transports. This expedition sailed on the 29th of October, 1861; and, on the 7th of November, Forts Walker and Beauregard were captured. Commander Davis rendered such valuable assistance in every detail of the expedition, that, a few days after the battle, he was commissioned captain.

During the following winter, Capt. Davis commanded an expedition which deposited stone-ladened ships, as obstructions, across the mouth of Charleston Harbor. In February, 1862, he commanded a squadron of five gunboats, and dispersed the rebel fleet of Commodore Tatnall. He afterwards accompanied Admiral Dupont on an expedition against Fort Clinton and Fernandina, Fla., which resulted in success.

In March, 1862, he was detached from the South-Atlantic Blockading Squadron; and in April was ordered to relieve Flag-officer Foot, and assume the command of the Mississippi flotilla. On the 10th of May, he gained the victory off Fort Pillow. On the 6th of June, he captured the city of Memphis. On the 17th, a portion of his fleet captured Fort St. Charles, in White River. In July, he took part in the first attack on Vicksburg. He afterwards co-operated with Gen. Curtis in several expeditions against the enemy; and a portion of his command, under Capt. Phelps, destroyed the Fort off Haines's Bluff.

In July of the same year, Admiral Davis was confirmed by the Senate as Chief of the Bureau of Navigation, in which office he remained until 1865.

On 7th of February, 1863, Commodore Davis was commissioned rearadmiral in the United States navy.

In May, 1865, he was appointed Superintendent of the National Observatory.

He is a member of the Light-house Board, Chairman of the Permanent Commission of the Navy Department, Chairman of a Joint Commission of Officers of the Army and Navy on Harbor Obstructions, one of the UnitedStates Commissioners of Boston Harbor, a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, a member of the American Philosophical Society and of the National Academy of Sciences.

ACTING MASTER JAMES FOLGER.

Few men in the war have left a nobler record than the lamented Folger, of Nantucket. Returning from a long voyage soon after the civil war commenced, he immediately offered his services to the country, and went on board the United-States bark “Roebuck," off Charleston. While on shore at St. Andrew's, he was surprised by a company of cavalry in ambush, and fatally wounded, dying on board his ship soon afterwards. He was a brave and Christian man, whose death was deeply deplored by his comrades.

THE HEROES ON BOARD THE CUMBERLAND." On that dark and fearful day to the navy of the Union and to the country, March 8, 1862, when “The Merrimack" made pastime of destruction to our war-ships at Newport News, the valor of Massachusetts men was conspicuous. The action on the part of the Union fleet was opened by a Massachusetts officer,Capt. John Marston, of “The Roanoke."

of the principal officers attached to the frigate “ Cumberland" at the time of the engagement with “The Merrimack," at least three were from Massachusetts. Capt. Radford, who commanded, was, during the action, on shore on a court-martial. George U. Morris, ex-officer, was in full command during the engagement.

Lieut. Morris was a son of this Commonwealth, and, with his heroic crew, fought the rebel monster with the most desperate bravery. When all prospect of victory was gone, the vow passed from lip to lip never to surrender. When the cry arose, “The ship is sinking !” not a man left his gun: no heart wished the white flag to go up in place of the stars and stripes. While the good ship settled in the waves, Acting Master William P. Randall of New Bedford, with Acting Master Kennison, stood by his pivotgun, knee-deep in water, and fired the last shot before she went down. Lieut. T. O. Selfridge, also of Massachusetts, was a most gallant officer.

LIEUTS. J. B. SMITH AND C. H. SWASEY.

Lieut. Joseph B. Smith, the son of Admiral Smith, commandmanding officer on “ The Congress," was killed in the heroic discharge of his duty.

In the engagement of “ The Sciota” below Donaldsonville with a rebel force, Oct. 4, 1862, Lieut. Charles H. Swasey displayed all those qualities of intelligent, Christian loyalty which have been to a remarkable degree an element of power in the late civil war. The simple record of his commander, in a report to Admiral Farragut, is a bright and touching memorial of the youthful hero:

I regret to report that Lieut. Charles H. Swasey, executive officer of this vessel, was mortally wounded while gallantly performing his duty; having just pointed and fired the nine-inch gun. A twelve-pounder rifle-shot entered the bulwark, striking him on the hip, and inflicting a terrible and mortal wound, of which he expired at three, P.M.

This officer was characterized by all the elements which make up the hero, - brave, imbued with patriotic ardor and professional ambition, chivalric as a gentleman, gentle, and with a heart full of Christian principles. His last

Tell my mother I tried to be a good man.” I respectfully request that his death, so heroic and noble, may be especially made known to the nation through the Navy Department.

words were,

ENGINEER E. HOYT, MASTER B. W. LORING, AND OTHERS. Engineer E. Hoyt of “The Richmond,” during the memorable passage of the batteries of Port Hudson, on the night of March 14, 1863, won special notice for his self-forgetful devotion to the success of the daring enterprise. He flew from one post of peril to another, “ until, having penetrated the steam several times to ascertain the extent of injury, he was finally led away completely exhausted and fainting.” In the capture of “ The Alabama,” also known as “ The Fingal,” in Warsaw Sound, June 17, 1863, Acting Master B. W. Loring, of “The Weehawken,” distinguished him self for his coolness, and skill in serving the guns, as he had done before under the walls of Fort Darling. Acting Master C. C. Kingsbury, of the powder and shell divisions, was equally conspicuous in the fight; his department having“ more the aspect of ordinary exercise than of battle. No one would have suspected that the men were in action” from their appearance in the fiery contest. Here Lieut.-Commander T. 0. Selfridge commanded the naval battery on the right wing of Gen. Sherman's corps, and gained the admiration of officers and men for his splendid conduct in the severe engagement. Acting Midshipman Henry L. Blake, son of the commander, who was in the flag-ship “Hartford," received the warmest commendation of Admiral Farragut for the bravery of a veteran displayed by this young officer.

In the attack of Fort Sumter, April 7, 1863, Commander John Dennis of “ The Nahant,” and Quartermaster Edward Cobb, who were wounded, the latter fatally, Ensign M. L. Johnson, aide to Admiral Dupont in “The Wabash,” and others from Massachusetts, behaved with the greatest coolness and courage. Capt. John A. Winslow of “ The Kearsarge,” whose guns sunk “ The Alabama” June 19, 1864, was a citizen of this State, although born in North Carolina. It was just and fitting that the piratical craft which had preyed upon the whaling-fleets of Massachusetts should be sent, by a vessel under the intelligent command of one of her gallant officers, to the bottom of the ocean it had disgraced.

At the terrible bombardment of Fort Fisher, the middle of January, 1865, among the Massachusetts men who were distinguished for bravery was Lieut. F. F. Baury, nephew of George Bancroft, one of the storming-party from “The Colorado.” He was severely wounded during the assault. Ensign F. A. O'Connor was struck down by the side of his commander. Assistant Surgeon William Longshaw, jun., who " was always near the front with instruments and tourniquets, was bending over a wounded and dying man, when he was shot in the head, and instantly killed.” Acting Master W. H. Maies, Lieuts. Smith and Nichols of " The Seneca," and Acting Ensign George T. Davis of “The Wabash," also received special notice for the highest gallantry, in the report of Lieut. Commander Parker of The Minnesota." Lieut. M. L. Johnson, in the midst of a heavy fire fron the enemy, with a boat's crew of volunteers, “ carried a hawser from his ship to the new Ironsides, in order to enable the ship to bring all the guns to bear from the

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