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INSPECTION.

on Military

45. Messrs. Skelton and Hooper, District Inspectors, were seconded for Inspectors military duty in September and August 1915 respectively, and did not resume Duty. inspectoral work. Mr. Johnston, District Inspector, was also employed in military duties for two months in the latter part of the year.

46. Mr. George Harrap was temporarily re-appointed as District Inspector, Temporary from 23rd July, 1915, and continued the inspection of schools in Mr. Hooper's Appointdistrict.

ment.

Acting

47. Mr. Frederick J. B. Martin, Head Teacher, Richmond Hill, was Inspector appointed Acting District Inspector from 27th September, 1915. The uninspected Appointed. schools in Mr. Skelton's district were allotted to him.

Acting

48. Mr. Herbert Denniss, Principal of the Technical College and High Inspector School, Mackay, was appointed Acting District Inspector from 1st October, 1915, Appointed. and was assigned a number of schools in Mr. Johnston's district.

schools

49. The number of schools inspected was-7 High schools (including the Number of Central Technical College High School), 1,361 State and Provisional schools, inspected. and 77 private schools.

50. Of the State and Provisional schools, 34 received second visits of inspection, and 1 received a third visit of inspection.

51. Detailed reports of the work of the District Inspectors will be found in Appendix B.

EXPENDITURE.

52. In the following tabular statement the gross Departmental expenditure Gross for 1915 is compared with that for 1914

expenditure.

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53. The following table gives particulars of increases or decreases in the Particulars expenditure on Primary education :

of increases and decreases.

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Administration and Inspection

Primary Education ..

Secondary Education

Technical Education

University Education

Training College

Schools of Art-Grants in Aid

TOTALS

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Details of cost of primary

education.

Cost of administration and

54. Of £502,862 3s., the cost of primary education, the sum of £20,873 8s. 6d. was for administration and inspection; £446,960 11s. 1ld. was for State schools; £9,386 18s. 2d. for Provisional schools; £6,860 7s. 4d. for Itinerant Teachers; £6,052 12s. 1d. for medical inspection of school children; and the sum of £12,728 5s. was paid to the Railway Department, the Government Printer, and the Government Storekeeper for services rendered.

55. The cost of administration (£10,461 13s. 8d.) was 1.7 per cent. of the gross Departmental expenditure. For 1914 it was also 1.7 per cent. The cost inspection. of inspection was £10,411 14s. 10d., or 2.1 per cent. of the expenditure on primary education. For 1914 it was 2.2 per cent. The whole charge for administration and inspection, £20,873 8s. 6d., was 3-4 per cent. of the whole expenditure. For 1914 it was 3.6 per cent.

Average cost of each child's

educationState schools

56. In State schools, the average cost per head during the twenty-four years ended 31st December, 1915, was as follows:

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Average cost of each

child's

education

Provisional

schools.

57. In Provisional schools the average cost per head during the twentyfour years ended 31st December, 1915, was as follows:

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Average cost

per pupil for

58. For all schools-State and Provisional-the total expenditure on

all schools, primary education, £502,862 3s., divided by the average daily attendance, 84,477, gives £5 19s. 04d. as the average cost of each pupil in attendance. For 1914 the average cost was £5 16s. 10 d.

59. The average cost of the education of a pupil in a Provisional school exceeded by £1 4s. 73d. that of a pupil in a State school.

based on net enrolment.

60. For all schools-State and Provisional-the total expenditure on Average cost primary education, £502,862 3s., divided by the net enrolment, 110,035, gives £4 11s. 4 d. as the average cost of each child who claimed the right of instruction during the year 1915. In 1914 the average cost was £4 9s. 10åd.

cost for

61. The following table, taken from Vol. 8 of the Official Year Book of Average the Commonwealth of Australia, gives a comparative view of the cost per child all States. of primary education in each State of the Commonwealth. The calculations are based on the average daily attendance and the expenditure on salaries and allowances only: :

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62. During the year the Department contributed £5,613 8s. 3d. towards Amount of Schools of Arts and Reading-rooms.

vote.

63. The distribution is made on the basis of 10s. for each £1 subscribed How distributed. towards Schools of Arts, and £1 for £1 contributed towards Reading-rooms in connection with sugar-mills and shearing-sheds.

grant.

64. The yearly grant to any one of these institutions does not exceed £150 Maximum per annum. The books and accounts of each institution are audited from time to time by the State Audit Inspectors.

SCHOOL LIBRARIES.

65. During the year 1915 the contributions received towards the cost Expenditure. of School Libraries amounted to £308 9s. 1d., and 240 schools were supplied with books. In the previous year books were sent to 323 schools.

66. The sum of £20 2s. 3d. was received on account of library shelves Library supplied to 29 schools.

SCHOLARSHIPS AND SECONDARY SCHOOLS.

shelves.

67. The new system of granting scholarships to Secondary schools, the New system. details of which were given in my annual report for 1912, came into force as from 1st January, 1914.

68. At the annual examination held in December, 1915, 796 boys and 565 Number of girls competed for State scholarships. Three hundred and ten Primary schools candidates. were represented.

69. Scholarships were awarded to 434 boys and 265 girls; total, 699.

70. Of these, 165 boys and 107 girls were granted the scholarship allowance Scholarship of £12 per annum, and the allowance of £30 per annum was granted to 66 boys allowances. and 55 girls.

71. The total number of State scholarships granted in the previous year

was 515.

scholarship.

72. The quarterly reports from the heads of Grammar schools and other Reports on approved Secondary schools on the attendance, conduct, and progress of State holders. scholars continue to be satisfactory, almost without exception.

Scholars at

approved Secondary schools.

STATE SCHOLARS IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS.

73. The total number of State scholars attending (1) State Grammar schools and (2) approved Secondary schools during the last quarter of 1915 was 883, as tabulated below:

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Value of

RHODES SCHOLARSHIP.

74. Provision was made in the will of the late Right Hon. Cecil Rhodes scholarship. for the establishment of scholarships at Oxford for students from the Colonies and the United States of North America. One scholarship in each year was allotted to Queensland; the prize is of the yearly value of £300, and entitles the holder to attend any college in the University of Oxford for three consecutive academical years.

Latest award.

Number of Grammar schools.

How governed.

Endowment paid.

75. The twelfth scholarship, that for 1916, was awarded to James Hickson Baxter, who received his Secondary education in the Nudgee College.

GRAMMAR SCHOOLS.

76. There are 10 Grammar schools in Queensland-6 for boys and 4 for girls. There are separate schools for boys and for girls at Brisbane, Ipswich, Maryborough, and Rockhampton; and schools for boys at Toowoomba and Townsville. The school for boys at Ipswich, which was opened in 1863, was the first Grammar school established.

77. Each Grammar school is governed by a board of 7 trustees, appointed by the Government, and of these 4 are nominated by the Governor in Council, and the others by a majority of the subscribers to the fund. The trustees hold office for three years, and are eligible for re-election. They are empowered to make regulations for the filling of all vacancies that may occur in their number for the unexpired portion of the term of office, for the determination of fees to be paid by the scholars, for the salaries to be paid to the teachers, and generally for the management, good government, and discipline of the school. All such regulations are subject to the approval of the Governor in Council.

78. Up to 31st December, 1913, endowment by the State was paid to each Grammar school at the rate of £750 per annum, and in addition a payment of £250 per annum to each Grammar school on account of district scholarships. In consideration of this extra amount, the Grammar schools provided free education for 50 scholars, who were selected from the list of unsuccessful candidates in the ordinary State scholarship examination according to their order of merit, and having regard also to the districts in which they lived. These scholarships were known as district scholarships, and had a currency of three years. allotted to each Grammar school annually.

Five were

of granting

79. Under the new scheme of granting scholarships to all candidates who New scheme gain at least 50 per cent. of marks at the scholarship examination, the allotment scholarships. of district scholarships ceased. The candidates to whom scholarships are granted from and after 1st January, 1914, are permitted to attend any approved Secondary school. Of the number who elect to attend Grammar schools, however, 50 are regarded as free scholars, in consideration of the extra annual endowment of £250, which will be continued to each Grammar school as heretofore in connection with district scholarships. Each Grammar school will thus provide tuition for five State scholars annually, without payment by the Department of the usual scholarship fees.

inspection

80. During the year all the Grammar schools were inspected by Mr. Roe, Annual the Inspector-General of Schools. A copy of the report on the school work was furnished to the trustees and each head master (or mistress).

audited,

81. The accounts of the various Grammar schools are audited yearly by Accounts the State audit inspectors.

82. Reports from trustees of Grammar schools will be found in Appendix Reports of K to this report.

STATE HIGH SCHOOLS.

trustees.

schools opened.

83. The State system of High schools was inaugurated in February, 1912, Six High when High schools were opened in Warwick, Gympie, Bundaberg, Mount Morgan, Mackay, and Charters Towers. These schools are free, and free secondary education is thus provided in the centres named. The curriculum for the schools was prepared in consultation with the University staff. Three courses of study, each of four years' duration, will be provided for High school studentsGeneral, Commercial, and Domestic; the first two years' study will be so far common to all the courses that a student will be able to proceed to any of the three courses for the third and fourth years. The General Course will lead up to the University, and students will be able to matriculate from the High schools.

examination.

84. Students are admitted half-yearly, and entrance is by examination Entrance test; only those who are educationally fit are admitted. The test examination is based upon the fifth class standard of State schools.

education in

85. In small centres, where the prospective attendance is not sufficient to Higher warrant separate High schools, but where an average of not less than 25 qualified othe pupils can be permanently obtained, higher education to University Junior standard centres. is provided by adding a top" to the existing State school. Such an arrangement has been made at Brisbane Central (Boys), Brisbane Central (Girls and Infants), Childers, Dalby, Gatton, Herberton, Pittsworth, and Roma.

66

86. The annual enrolment at High schools was 835, and the average attendance was 631.

87. The results of the Queensland Junior Examination of 1915 show that 724 candidates sat for the examination, and of these 444 were successful.

THE UNIVERSITY.

88. The fifth report of the Senate of the University is incorporated as Fifth Appendix J of this report.

UNIVERSITY SCHOLARSHIPS.

report.

to

89. Before the Queensland University was established it was customary to Exhibitions grant three exhibitions to Universities per annum; the exhibitions were tenable Universities at any University approved by the Governor in Council. The exhibitions were abolished. instituted in 1878, and in all 96 exhibitions were granted. The total cost to the State of these exhibitions was about £30,000,

instituted.

90. The coming of the Queensland University involved the passing away of University these exhibitions. Their place has been taken by 20 scholarships to our own scholarships University. Each scholarship is tenable for 3 years, and, besides free tuition, carries a cash allowance of £52 per annum if the winner has to live away from home to attend the University, or £26 per annum if the winner can live at home and attend the University.

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