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to dedicate permanently to open-space purposes the whole of the area set apart for that
object in the major scheme, the committee submits for consideration the following minor
scheme, but with a very strong recommendation that every effort be made to have the
major scheme adopted :--

(1) Immediate steps to be taken for the resumption of the property facing
Creek street;

(2) The property resumed, or so much of it as may be necessary, to be vested
in the Commonwealth on the understanding that the Commonwealth
re-transfer to the State, on an equitable basis, the adjoining ground now
used for drill purposes;

(3) The street through the school ground, as shown in the plan, to be constructed
as soon as possible;

(4) Concurrent action to be taken in regard to the necessary resumption for
street purposes of the required area between Queen street and Adelaide
street;

(5) Provision to be made for the necessary widening of Adelaide and Ann streets;
(6) Until otherwise arranged, the two areas specified hereunder to be available
to the public as open-air spaces; the State Government and the City Council
to mutually agree as to the laying-out of the areas and the up-keep;
(i.) The area lying between the new street and the Post Office buildings
proposed to be erected on the Creek street frontage;

(ii.) The area lying between the new street and the buildings proposed to be
erected on the Edward street frontage.

(7) Nos. (6) and (7) of the recommendations of the major scheme to be part of
the minor scheme.

"On behalf of the committee I submit these schemes for your consideration, and
I trust that they will be found helpful."

still

140. Finality has not been reached as to the future utilization of the ground, Negotiations but negotiations with the Commonwealth Authorities in connection with a modified proposal are proceeding.

proceeding.

maintained.

141. In the meantime the attendance at the schools is still well maintained; Attendance the enrolment at the two schools is 1,901, and the average 1,250. The building well at the corner of Edward and Ann streets which was formerly occupied by the Fire Brigade has been adapted to school purposes, and is now used by the secondary departments of the two schools.

BETTERMENT OF THE POSITION OF TEACHERS.

142. Long Service Allowances.-For various causes many teachers do not Position of pass the examination for Class II., and thus remain permanently in the highest teachers. division of Class III.; similarly many teachers who pass the examination for Class II., and reach the highest division of that class, do not qualify for Class I. There is also a large number of teachers in charge of small schools who, owing to difficulties of many kinds incidental to the isolation of their schools, are unable to pass the examination for classification. The satisfactory nature of their work would, in the case of many of the classified teachers, warrant their promotion to the higher classification if they had passed the necessary examination, and, in the case of the unclassified teachers, warrant their classification if they had passed the prescribed examination.

143. The Government gave sympathetic consideration to the circumstances Long service of these teachers, and approved of the granting to them of long service allowances. allowances The following regulation accordingly came into effect as from the 1st January, 1916:

"In addition to the ordinary salary, the Minister may grant a long service allowance as follows:

granted.

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Limitation

of increases.

Salaries of

head teachers.

Annual

payments to

head teachers.

Regulations modified.

"Provided that

(a) The work and conduct of the teacher have been satisfactory;
(b) The total allowance for long service shall not in any case
exceed £20 per annum;

(c) In the event of teachers in Class III., Division I., or Class II.,
Division I., reaching the next higher grade, the special allow-
ance shall merge into the classification salary;

(d) In the case of unclassified teachers who may hereafter be
admitted as classified teachers, the Minister may make such
adjustment as he may deem necessary in respect of the long
service allowance."

144. Unfortunately, owing to the general limitation of increases to £10
during the financial year 1915-16, it was not possible to pay the full £20 to those
teachers who had completed ten years of satisfactory service. The additional £10
will, however, be paid to them as soon as funds are available for the purpose.

MAINTAINING OF CLASSIFICATION OF SCHOOLS.

145. Up to the 31st December last the Regulations provided that schools should be classified on the first day of January of each year according to the average attendance for the preceding year; but that the Minister might maintain the classification of a school for a period of two years if the same teacher remained in charge. When the classification of a school fell, the salary of the teacher fell automatically. As the decrease in the attendance is usually due to causes beyond the control of the teacher, it was felt that it was hardly reasonable to reduce the salary of a teacher when he was not responsible for the falling away of his attendance; accordingly, so as to protect the interests of teachers, the following regulation was substituted for the old one as from the 1st of January, 1916:

"(a) Schools shall be classified on the first day of January in each year according to the average attendance for the preceding year.

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(b) Notwithstanding clause (a) hereof, the Governor in Council may maintain the classification of a school so long as the same teacher remains in charge and his work and conduct are satisfactory; but the classification shall not be maintained if a teacher fails to comply with transfer to a school of equal or higher classification."

The new arrangement is of material advantage to head teachers.

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146. The Regulations also provided that the maximum annual payments to head teachers who were in charge of schools of Classes 5, 6, and 7 should not exceed £330 to males and £260 to females; the maximum annual payments to head teachers who were in charge of schools of Classes 8 and 9 should not exceed £250 to males and £200 to females; and the maximum annual payments to head teachers who were in charge of schools of Class 10 should not exceed £150 to males and £120 to females; and that should the classification salary of a head teacher, together with the additional emoluments attached to the class of school of which he was in charge, exceed the maximum amount specified, his additional emoluments should be reduced by an amount which would make the total annual payment not more than the maximum amount specified.

147. Under the limitations of these Regulations some deserving head teachers were unable to draw their full classification salary plus their full additional emoluments, and as larger schools were not available to which they could be promoted, the loss in emoluments was likely to be continuous. As from the 1st January, 1916, the Regulations relating to maximum salaries have been modified so as to enable a teacher to draw the full emoluments irrespective of the classification of the school.

148. This modification confers an appreciable boon upon the teachers

concerned.

1

SALARIES OF TEACHERS.

149. It is necessary to direct attention once more to the question of the Increases. salaries of teachers. The Department has been pressing this matter since 1914, and in that year a scheme for all-round increases was prepared, and it was hoped that effect would be given to the scheme as from the 1st of July, 1914. The outbreak of the war, dry seasons, and looming financial difficulties barred the way. The position was acute in 1914; it is much more acute to-day. Teachers are underpaid, and general dissatisfaction exists amongst them. The question is one in which every parent is interested; it is of vital national importance, because, if the teaching service is not made a well-paid and attractive one, the cream of our boys and girls-especially boys-will not enter it, the type of Queensland teacher will deteriorate, and educational efficiency will suffer. Present financial exigencies are recognised; nevertheless it is the duty of the Department to direct attention to the existing position.

increases

150. It is also very much regretted that financial reasons made it necessary Regulation in some cases to curtail, and in others to totally stop, the regulation increases. curtailed. The withholding in whole or in part of these regulation increments, from the younger assistant teachers particularly, adds to the difficulties of the administration of the Department, because if these teachers are not receiving salaries which are sufficient to maintain them in reasonable comfort away from home, the Department is unable to call upon them for outside service.

151. If it were possible to put into effect the Departmental schemes of general increases and zone allowances, and to restore the regulation increases, the teaching service would be put on a reasonably satisfactory basis financially.

WORKERS' EDUCATIONAL ASSOCIATION.

of education.

152. The purpose of the Workers' Educational Association is to encourage Continuance and enable persons over eighteen years of age engaged in earning their own livelihood to continue their education, particularly in those branches of learning directly connected with citizenship. The Association may consist of such bodies and branches of them, as Friendly Societies, Trade Unions, Trade Councils, Educational Societies, and the like, without distinction of sect or party.

153. The Government is much interested in these classes, and regards as a Subjects of wise one the movement to encourage wage-carners, both male and female, to take study. a living interest in social, civic, and national affairs. Amongst the principal subjects of study are Economics, Sociology, and Industrial History. The classes are conducted under the auspices of the University.

Economics

154. To assist the movement, as well as to strengthen the University Lecturers in staff, provision was made on the University vote for 1915-16 for the appointment and of a lecturer in Economics and one in Industrial History; these two lecturers Industrial History. will be members of the University staff, but part of their time will be devoted to lecturing to classes formed by the Workers' Educational Association.

155. It is hoped that the Association will become a vigorous one and perform a useful function.

BUILDINGS AND FURNITURE.

school

156. Much thought has been given by the Departments of Public Instruction Planning of and Works to the planning of school buildings and the designing of a suitable type buildings. of furniture.

attention to

hygiene.

157. Special attention has been paid to lighting, ventilation, class-room Special arrangements and the general principles of hygiene. Buildings suitable to our general requirements nave been evolved, and our modern school buildings have met with principles of the approval of architects, medical men, and educational experts. The types include open-air schools, portable buildings, and permanent wooden and brick structures. The old school buildings are being remodelled as far as opportunity offers and finances admit.

158. A suitable design of school furniture has been evolved; the design Furniture. combines economy with fitness, and the furniture is being manufactured in the Government workshops.

Conference

of State Premiers.

Members of

of Directors.

CONFERENCE OF DIRECTORS OF EDUCATION.

159. At the Conference of State Premiers held at Adelaide in May last the following resolution was passed :-

"That, in the opinion of this Conference, it is desirable that periodical Conferences of Directors of Education be held."

160. Acting upon that resolution, the Premier of South Australia, the Hon. Conference Crawford Vaughan, called the first Conference of Directors. The Conference was held in Adelaide, and sat on the 4th, 5th, 6th, and 7th July, inclusive. It was attended by Mr. Maughan (South Australia), Chairman; Mr. Board (New South Wales); Mr. Tate (Victoria); Mr. Andrews (Western Australia); Mr. McCoy (Tasmania); Mr. Roe and Mr. Story (Queensland).

161. The following resolutions were passed:

STATISTICAL.

Educational Statistics.-That the question of uniform terminology be settled as occasion arises.

Attendance Marks.-That the minimum time to be counted as half a day's attendance be not less than two hours.

School Hours and Time-Table.-That in the interests of education, the Education Act should be elastic enough to permit of any re-arrangement of the hours justified by special climatic conditions.

Percentage of Attendance.-(a) That it is desirable that the names of pupils shall be removed from the Attendance Roll so soon as the teacher has satisfactory evidence that the child has permanently left the school.

(b) That the average daily attendance be calculated on the basis of the net weekly enrolment.

(c) That it is not considered desirable to publish the estimated number of children of a school-going age and the estimated number of children known to be under instruction, as has been the practice in New South Wales and Victoria.

Proportion of Children Enrolled. That it is desirable that each Departmental Report include a return showing the proportion of children enrolled who are receiving instruction in the various classes, or grades, and their ages.

Number of Teachers Employed.-That it is desirable that the Annual Report of each Department shall show the number of teachers in employment in each branch of education at the end of the year.

Cost of Education.-(a) That the total cost of education be apportioned in the division-Primary, Secondary, Technical, and University.

(b) That the cost in each division include salaries of teachers, inspection, administration, cleaning, caretaking, sanitary services, school requisites, and all other expenditure fairly chargeable to the particular division, but not inclusive of the cost of building.

(c) That in the item "general administration," a proportion of the cost of general administration be charged to each division, and be in the proportion which the total expenditure in the division bears to the total expenditure of the Department. All common expenditure to be distributed in the ratio of the specific expenditure.

Determining the cost per Unit of Primary and Secondary Education.-That in deterniming the cost per unit of Primary and Secondary Education, the capital expenditure on buildings and also the cost of maintenance of buildings be not included, but that a statement to that effect be given in the Report by each Department.

AGRICULTURAL EDUCATION.

General. (a) That Nature Study work be developed with a view to increasing its usefulness and making it of practical benefit to the children.

(b) That Agricultural Education be developed and carefully organized.

Rural Schools. (a) That suitable schools be established in rural centres, so as to give, in addition to higher primary work, a direct practical training in subjects specially useful to rural workers-e.g., for boys-woodwork, metal work, blacksmithing, simple building construction, land measurement, and agriculture; and for girls-cookery, laundry, dairying, and smaller farming industries.

(b) That for the largest centres of population Agricultural Schools of the Hurlestone (Sydney) type be established for city boys who have completed the primary course, and who desire to follow agricultural pursuits; such schools to act as feeders to the Agricultural Colleges.

(c) That it is desirable that some method be adopted to co-ordinate the work of the various State authorities, dealing with various phases of agricultural education,

CONTINUATION PERIOD OF EDUCATION.

1. That this Conference is of opinion that, as far as practicable, provision should be made for the continuous education of boys and girls beyond the primary standard of instruction, and that this education should include both a specific training for citizenship and courses of instruction preparatory for various classes of future occupations.

2. That this Conference is further of opinion that legislation is desirable to provide for such continued education, both full time and part time, in daylight hours; and, further, to provide that it be obligatory upon all boys up to the age of sixteen (unless specially exempted at an earlier age on the ground of educational fitness), to receive such continued education, either whole time or part time, where facilities for the purpose are provided.

3. That the Conference also considers that while facilities for similar continued education should be made available for girls, their attendance for the present should rest on a voluntary basis.

4. That the Conference further recommends that, in order to provide a suitable educational approach to the specialised continuation period, the instruction for both boys and girls during the period of whole day attendance following upon the completion of the primary course (assuming that, as a rule, such a course be completed at about the age of thirteen) should be given a bias preparatory to the work which is to follow.

5. That teachers for the continued form of education require qualifications that call for special selection and training, and that steps towards such training be taken by the States.

INDUSTRIAL EDUCATION.

1. That instruction in craftsmanship be in two grades

(a) Preparatory. To be given in full-time day schools in continuation of the primary school course, and that the courses of such schools include such instruction combined with hand training as will provide a preparation for more specialised trade training.

(b) Technical schools for instruction of persons—

(i.) Actually engaged in a skilled trade, in order to supplement by school instruction the training gained in the practice of the trade.

(ii.) But it is desirable that instruction in such schools be arranged in daylight hours.

2. That the State and Commonwealth Governments be invited to give a lead to other employers by requiring the attendance of their young employees, during working hours, at suitable Technical Classes.

COMMERCIAL EDUCATION.

1. That in view of conditions likely to prevail after the war, attention be given to the provision of Commercial Education.

The Conference is of the opinion that, in order to supply a complete scheme of Commercial Education, instruction of a University grade is necessary, but that since Higher Commercial Education adequate to the requirements of the Commonwealth might be supplied without rendering the establishment of complete Commercial Courses in the six Australian Universities necessary, it is desirable that arrangements be made whereby one or two Universities should provide the instruction on some reciprocal plan to be determined upon by consultation among all Universities of the Commonwealth.

2. That provision be made in the courses of study of Secondary Schools of both lower and higher type for a commercial group of subjects in those States in which this provision has not already been made.

3. That for those who have left school and have entered upon commercial callings, but who desire to qualify themselves for the highest commercial positions, suitable evening courses in the State educational establishments be instituted, and arrangements be made by which these courses shall lead up to the University School of Commerce.

MEDICAL INSPECTION.

1. That a conference of medical officers of the Education Departments be invited to meet at a later date, and that each member of the Conference prepare for circulation a statement showing the number of officers engaged in connection with medical inspection, and their salaries, with brief details of the amount of inspection given, methods of following up and treatment, and total cost, as well as what is being done in connection with statistical information for scientific purposes.

2. That the question of endeavouring to arrange a co-operation between Federal and State authorities in the matter of the examination of boys for admission to military service be referred to the Conference.

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