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SCHOLARSHIP QUESTIONS.

1880.

SCHOOL MANAGEMENT.

Three hours allowed for this Paper with that on Music.

Those who are or have been Pupil Teachers are not to answer more than one question in any Section. Candidates who have not been Pupil Teachers may answer any seven questions they think fit, except in Section VII., from which only one subject may be selected for notes of a lesson.

No Candidate is to answer more than seven questions.

SECTION I.-1. Name some subjects suitable for home lessons, and state the most suitable times and methods for their revision. What objections are sometimes raised to home lessons ?

2. Point out some of the means by which the atten. tion of a class may be sustained through an oral lesson of thirty minutes' duration on Geography, so that the more dull or backward children may not be allowed to suffer.

3. Divide a pupil teacher's daily work into these three heads-viz., work in school, instruction by the teacher, and preparation of lessons-assuming that the whole should not exceed eight hours daily. State also what proportion of time can be devoted weekly to each subject assigned for the fourth year of a pupil teacher's (For Females only.) 4. Describe the best form of children's work-bags and teachers' work-aprons which you have seen in use. Describe how the latter should be cut out.

course.

Section II.-1. Point out some of the advantages to be gained by simultaneous class reading; and deduce, from those considerations, for which classes of a school this method is best adapted, and the dangers to be avoided.

2. What preparation should be made by a young pupil teacher before giving a reading lesson to a lower class, both as regards the language and matter of the lesson ?

3. Write out, as verse, the following passage, and give such notes as you would think necessary for an advanced class :

I was a wild and wayward boy, my childhood scorned each childish toy, retired from all, reserved and coy, to musing prone, I woo'd my solitary joy, my harp alone. My youth with bold ambitious mood, des. pised the humble stream and wood, where my poor father's cottage stood, to fame unknown; what should my soaring views make good? my harp alone.”

SECTION IIT.-1. In teaching subtraction, two methods are commonly employed-viz., of equal additions and of decomposition. State and explain the method which you have been accustomed to employ, and set down å graduated series of sums, leading up from the easiest to the most difficult process in sụb. traction.

2. Describe any apparatus that you have employed, or seen in use, for enabling learners to verify by sight the addition table, cubic measure, and subtraction of fractions.

3. What is the meaning of the term Compound Rules”? why are they so called ? Under what systems of coinage, and of weights and measures, are they not required? Give examples.

SECTION IV.-1. Describe the proper position of the body for writing, the right way of holding the pen, and the best way of setting copies for advanced classes.

2. Show that some words would present special difficulties of spelling in the following passage, dictated to children who had not passed the second Standard :

“The tiger's tongue is so rough, that if it were to lick your hand, it would cause blood to flow; its colour is a light tawny brown with beautiful black stripes; its feet are cushioned, and it has whiskers to help it to feel its way.”

3. Point out some of the common mistakes of the composition of children as regards the use of relativa pronouns, conjunctions, and punctuation.

SECTION V.-1. Name the principal uses of a globe in teaching Geography, and state fully how you would employ it in giving a lesson on Day and Night.

2. Write out those dates of events in English History during the seventeenth century which you consider worthy of being committed to memory by children, and give your reasons for your selection.

3. Show that children are liable to confound nouns and verbs, and adjectives and verbs, in first lessons on Grammar. Give examples in which such confusion might arise, and state clearly how you would obviate this confusion in the examples given.

SECTION VI.-1. Show that rewards may be usefully employed in stimulating children to work. Name some rewards that may be connected with the daily work of the school.

2. State fully the bad effects which are produced by retaining a clever child in one class for a year without due promotion. How often should promotion be made ?

3. Show that clear distinction may be drawn between truthfulness and “telling tales." How can older boys be employed in assisting to maintain the discipline of a school?

SECTION VII.-Write full notes of a lesson on one of the following subjects :

(1) The changes of the seasons.
(2) The processes of some manufacture.
(3) Some agricultural machine.
(4) Post Office Orders.

GEOGRAPHY AND HISTORY.
Three hours allowed for this paper.

GEOGRAPHY.
Section 1.-Draw a map of -

(a) The Atlantic Ocean, or, (6) France, or, (c) South America.

SECTION II.*_1. Write a short explanatory comment upon five of the following:

The variable length of twilight at different places having the same longitude; the difference of 47 minutes between the mean time of Paris and Rome; the trade winds; the torrid zone; the cause of the moon's phases; the north-east passage ; glaciers; the processes employed for tunnelling through mountains.

2. Give in order of length the six longest rivers of the world, in order of height the six highest mountains of the world, six of the principal islands of the Mediterranean Sea with the nations to which they respectively belong, six of the countries of Asia with their capitals, and six of the principal capes of Great Britain between the mouths of the Thames and Tay.

SECTION III.-Enumerate the chief commercial cities of Russia, with their principal exports, and the rivers of Italy, with the mountains in which they rise, and the seas into which they flow.

SECTION IV.-Name the colonies or possessions to which the following towns belong, and state any facts of interest connected with each :-Adelaide, Pietermaritzburg, Quebec, Valetta, Galle, Capetown, Halifax, Wellington, and Ballarat.

SECTION V.–Give a brief description of the Himalaya mountains, of the course of the Nile, and of the lako system of North America.

HISTORY. SECTION I.-Arrange in chronological order and give the dates of :

* Only one of these questions is to be answered.

The battles of Agincourt, Waterloo, and Naseby; the deaths of Elizabeth, George III., and Hampden; the union of England and Scotland; the defeat of the Spanish Armada; the acquisition of Jamaica and Malta; the passing of the first Reform Bill, and of the Habeas Corpus Act.

SECTION II.-Write a short account of Egbert, Simon de Montfort, and Earl Warwick.

SECTION III.*-1. Name in order the chief events of the reign of Elizabeth, and give a brief sketch of her character.

2. Name in order the chief events of English History from the death of Charles I. to the return of Charles II. ; and give a brief account of the circumstances which led to his restoration.

3. State the causes of the War of the Spanish Succession, and the terms of the Treaty of Utrecht which directly concerned England.

SECTION IV.*-1. Name the immediate causes of the War of American Independence, and give a brief life of Washington.

2. Enumerate the chief colonial possessions of Great Britain at the close of the eighteenth century; state the countries which first planted

those colonies, and give the dates of their acquisition or colonization by England.

3. What nations were allied with England against Napoleon I. in the years 1813-14? Name in order the chief events of those years.

GRAMMAR. Two hours and a half allowed for this paper. (No abbreviation of less than three letters to be used in parsing or analysis.)

SECTION I.-Parse fully the words in italics in the fol. lowing passages :—[Syntax should not be neglected in the parsing.)

* Only one of these questions is to be answered.

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