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Ancient.

Modern. clergy, and as great a patron of hand in spilling the royal blood, fanaticks; and, finally, was was no better a friend to the barot, at Oxford, the sixteenth hierarchy, than other sectaries of October, 1555.

are; was hanged, drawn, and quartered at Charing-Cross (the

same sixteenth of October) 1660. William Hacket, of Oundle in James Naylor, of Anderslow Northamptonshire, proclaimed in Yorkshire, declared himself, himself in London to be Christ at Bristol, to be the Son of God, Jesus, come with his fan in his and King of Righteousness; hand to judge the earth ; and where he rode about, pronounwas attended by Edmund Cop- cing his blasphemies, attended pinger and Henry Arthington, by Martha Simons, Hannah his two false prophets, the one Stranger, and Dorcas Erbury, of mercy, the other of judg. representing the three Maries in ment; for which, on the twen. the gospel, John xix. 25. For ty-eighth of July 1590, he was which (instead of a thousand hanged on a gibbet in Cheapside. deaths, which he deserred) he Coppinger died a prisoner in had only his tongue bored Bridewell, and Arthington long through with a hot iron, at the after in Wood-street Com pter. Old Exchange, London, the

twenty-seventh of December,

1656. John Lambert, of Norfolk, a John Lambert, of Yorkshire, Zuinglian (in our modern dia

a great sectary, a partaker in lect, a fanatick) was accused of Oliver's iniquities, had the ho. heresy, and had the honour to nour to be judged by king be tried by king Henry the Charles the Second, and his par- , Eighth, and many Lords Spiri. liament, in the year 1660; was tual and Temporal, in West. found guilty, but mercifully reminster-ball; was found guilty prieved during their pleasure. and obstinate, and burnt in Smithfield, in the year 1538.

John Tewksbury, of London, Praise-god Barebones, of leather-seller, obstinately held London, leather-seller, was a certain anabaptistical and here. great anabaptist Common. tical opinions; for which he was wealth's-man, a lay-preachery condemned and burnt in Smith. and of a factious spirit, yet the field, in December, 1529. mercy of the king and parlia.

ment has pardoned his errors, in

hopes he may grow better. John Maundrell, of Kevel in Giles Prichard, of Islington Wiltshire, cow-herd, was con. in Middlesex, cow-herd, was, demned by the Bishop of Salis. upon his trial at the Sessionsbury, for obstinately holding House in the Old-Bailey, found divers heretical and fantastical guilty of the rebellion, in Jaopinions, and burnt in the year nuary, 1660, and hanged in 1556.

Cheapside. William Tyndal, about the William Prynne, in the year

Ancient.

Modern. year 1527, wrote a seditious 1636, wrote the like, intituling and invective book against the it, The Unbishoping of Timobishops and prelates of the thy and Titus; the only person church, and intituled it, The in this unhappy parallel, who Wicked Hammon.

has given large testimonies of his reconcilement to loyalty and

1

reason.

John Lewis, an obstinate A. John Fry, a member of the rian heretick, for denying the long-parliament, held the like Godhead of Christ, and holde opinions, and asserted them in ing other blasphemous and de- print; for which he was only testable heresies, was burnt at dismembered, escaping further Norwich, the seventeenth of punishment, through the liberty September, 1583.

of those evil times. In the year 1414, Sir John In January, 1660, Thomas Oldcastle and Sir Roger Acton, Venner, Roger Hodgkins, and with other fanaticks, plotted a other fanaticks, contrived a hor. desperate rebellion, in St. Giles's rid insurrection in Wood-street, Fields, against king Henry the London, against king Charles Fifth; for which thirty-seven of the Second (whom God long them were, in the same year, preserve!) for which fourteeu and in the same place, hanged. of them were hanged in the

same month, and near the same

place. Sir Roger Acton soon after

On the thirtieth of January, was hanged, drawn, and buried 1660, Cromwell, Ireton, and under the gallows, for bis de- Bradshaw, were drawn, hangtestable rebellion.

ed, and buried under Tyburn, for murder and rebellion.

The ancient and modern fanaticks agreed exactly in these par. ticulars; First, They pretended the motion and impulse of the Spirit for what they did. Secondly, They declared against kings and magistrates. Thirdly, Against payment of tithes. Fourth. ly, Against the Whore of Babylon and popish clergy (only our moderns have gonc farther, against even all kinds of clergy.) Fifthly, Against swearing in any case; and they alledged scripture for whatsoever they asserted, “We will not,' says The Door of Hope, have any thing to do with the antichristian magistracy, ministry, tithes, &c. which are none of our Lord's appointe

ment,-but false and Babylonish. From such saints, and such martyrs, good Lord deliver our gracious king and all his king. doms.

AN EPISTLE TO

CHARLES THE SECOND,

KING OF ENGLAND,

An.l to edcry Individual NIember of his Council. Presented to them in pure love and good. will, that they might consider of the

things herein contained, before the king was crowned, or had taken bis oath; forasmuch as a necessity from the Lord was laid upon the Penman of the said Episue, in order thereto, who is known to divers people, by the name of Chris. topher Cheesinan. From the Town of Reading, in Berkshire, the 15th of the second Month, 1661.

GIY
LIVE ear, O king, and hearken to counsel ; let thy heart be

inclined to understanding, and diligently consider the things that concern thy everlasting peace, and the well-being of all people, under thy government. And oh, you counsellors of the king, know you this, that the God of Israel, who governs in the hea. vens, and in the carth, hath appeared in these nations, in the ah. sence of the king, and since his father's days, to bring to pass his great work, in performance of his promises, and returning the captivity of his people, who have been, many ages past, most cru. elly afflicted and oppressed, under Pharaoh's hard ta-k-masters, who have exercised authority over their consciences, But, now, the Lord God is come to deliver his Israel, in the Spirit, by the hand of the great prophet, that Muses prophesied of, saying, 'The Lord your God shall raise up a prophet, like unto me; one from among your brethren; him shall you hear in all things : And whosoever shall withdraw his ear from hearing that prophet, shall be cut off from among the people. This is the prophet, o king and council, that is worthy to reign, and, by the hand of this prophet, will the Lord bring to pass tho parposes of his heart, and will set up justice and righteousness in the earth; and whoerer they be, that will not bow down and hearken to this prophet, whether king, councils, parliaments, armies, synods, or others, shall assuredly be destroyed, and cut off from among the people. For this great prophct, of whom Moses spoke, is the only begotten of God, the Christ, the Saviour, the Light of the World, that enlighteneth every one that cometh into the world. This is he, o king and council, that the Lord God hath raised up in these nations, since thy father's days, and in thy absence, and he alone is worthy to reign, not synois, nor hireling mini-iers; and thousands there be within thy dominions, o king. that have re. ceived this great prophet and true light, and a good understanding thereby (glory, glory to the Lord God for evermore) and now are making war with the nations in righteousness, and in particular, with thee, O king, and with thy council ; not with sword, uor

VOL. VII.

spear; nor plottings, nor combinations, to hurt thee, O king, or any of thy family or people, nor any ways seeking to remove thee from thy crown and dignity, but, with the Spirit of God, striving to establish thy throne in righteousness, and to crown thee with everlasting honour and dignity. And know this, 0 king and council, that the people and servants of the Lord do not strive against flesh and blood, neither are their weapons carnal, but spiritual, and mighty, through God, to make war with the Man of Sin in all his appearances and forms of governments, whe. ther presbytery, or episcopacy, or any other anti-christian form, which must all be thrown down in this day of the Lord's mighty power, wherein he hath made bare, and will, yet more and more, make bare his arm; and his power and authority shall be known against the hierarchy of antichrist, in the utter destruction there. of; the Lord will dash to pieces all the powers and authorities of the earth that stand in his way, or, any way, seek to uphold the kingdom and authority of the beast, and of the false prophet which is full of darkness. And the Lord God will bring in his kingdom of righteousness, which he hath begun to set up, and the same will finish, though it be to the everlasting destruction of all earthly potentates and people, that stand in opposition thereto.

Therefore, o king, take heed what thou dost, in this thy day, and power : And, 0 council of the king, take heed, lest you counsel the king, either to swear, or to go about to establish, or set up the kingdom of antichrist, under any form whatsoever, whether episcopacy, or presbytery, or any other; for assuredly, if you so do, it will be the utter destruction both of you, and your king. And again I say, 0 king and council, take heed; for your enemy, and the enemy of man's salvation, is very active in this day, and will not cease tempting of you, both within and without, to make you instruments to obstruct the work of the Lord, to whose temptations, if you yield, the Lord will dash you to pieces; and so you will become as miserable as those that are gone before you.

And, o king, in the fear and dread of the Lord, prize thy time, and the Lord's mercies towards thee, and thy family, for they have been very great, in this day of thy visitation, wherein the Lord hath not been wanting to thee, but hath sent his servants, time after time, to counsel thee, and to forewarn thee, of the sore judgments that are hastening upon these nations, for the wickedness thereof.

And the Lord God hath heen striving with thee, not only by his Spirit, in his ministers and servants; but his witness, in thine own conscience also, since he hath set thce upon thy father's throne.

And myself (as one of the least, to whom the Lord hath shewed mercy, in bringing me into the good land, wherein every one, that is faithful, receives of the fruits and increase thereof, and drinks of the pleasant streams that therein run, which more refresh than all the increase of earthly treasure) do now, in obedience to the motions of God's Spirit, and in his fear and dread, give in my testimony before thee, 0 king, and before thy council, for the Lord God, though King of Kings, yet not obeyed by the people, out of his fear, and teachers of these nations, and for his truth, that is fallen in the gates; and, for his people, though harmless and just, yet more oppressed than any other people in the nations, by reason of the hireling ministry, which teach the people to err, and arc enemies to God's truth and people.

Know this now, therefore, O king, that, if thou wilt not regard the Lord God's striving with thee, by his servants, nor hearken to, nor return at the reproofs of God's witness, in thy own conscience, then the Lord will with hold his servants from thee, and his Spirit from striving with thee, and give thee up to hardness of heart; and then thou wilt be ruled by blood-thirsty men, enemies to God's truth, and his people, who will cause thee to do such things, which, may be, was once far from thy heart to do; and then the Lord God, who respects no man's person, will smite thee and them, with a very terrible overthrow, and utter ruin and destruction, as he hath done to those that have gone be. fore thee, who would not hearken to God's servants, nor return at his reproofs. For known be it to thee, O king, God did not remove those men from the throne of government, in these na. tions, for their well-doing, but for their evil; for their unrighte. ous and unjust actions, because they governed not for God; and therefore, as the kingdoms of the earth are the Lord's, so he dis.' poseth of them, as he pleaseth : He plucks down the governors therein, whose actions proclaim them traytors to their lord and master, who intrusted them, and set up others to try them also, whether they will obey and do his commands, and the things that he delights in: Viz. mercy and justice, true judgment and righteousness; and the contrary he denies, with the workers thereof, from the highest to the lowest. And so, when that wicked and perfidious generation of men would, by no means, be reformed, then the wrath of the Lord was kindled, and his decree went forth against them; and so they were dashed in pieces, even like a pot. ter's vessel ; it was their wickedness caused them to fall, and no. thing else ; for they still obstructed the Lord's work, and yet he bore with them a long time, and would not that any should break them to pieces, but disappointed all plottings and combinations against them, from time to time; and also counselled them, by his ministers and servants, which he sent unto them, and did warn them of the evil that fell upon them long before it came, and reproved them of their evil deeds, and, divers times, suffered their own servants to take their power from them, and then they lay under shame and contempt for some time, and then restored to government again; but still they went on, in their evil practices, being covetous, self-seeking men, having a form of godliness, but denied the power thereof; they were great oppressors, and hardhearted men; and imprisoned the ministers and servants of the Lord, and maintained an idle, dronish, idolatrous, hireling, tythe

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