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Mr. FOOT. If the Senate will indulge me in three great districts, and for providing that licensed vessels NAYS–Messrs. Buckalew, Davis, Hendricks, Johnson, a word of explanation, this joint resolution passed may trade to ports on the Aulantic and Gulf coasts without Nesunith, Poweil, Riddle, and Wrighi--8. the House of Representatives near the close of the clearance and entry at the custom house.

NOT VOTING-Messrs. Carliler, Cowan, Inle, Hard

ing, llicks, Howard, Lane, of Indiana. McDougall, Richlast session, was sent to the Senate for concur


ardson, Saulsbury, and Wilkinson-Il. rence, and referred to the appropriate committee.

Mr. FARWELL submitted the following res So the motion was agreed to, and the resolution Through inadvertence on my part it was not then brought to the attention of the committee. Dur: olution; which was considered by unanimous was referred to the Committee on Military Aling the last days and hours of the session, in the consent, and agreed to:

fairs and the Militia. Resolred, That the Committee on Commerce be in

EXECUTIVE SESSION. crowd of business, it was overlooked, and conse

structed to inquire into the propriety of providing by law quently failed of action in this body. The comthat vessels engaged in foreign trade shall employ or take

Several executive messages in writing were nittee now direct me to report it and ask the on board American boys, at least one for every tive hun received from the President of the United States, unanimous consent of the Senate for its present dred tons measurement.

by Mr. NICOLAY, his Secretary. consideration. I will state that it involves no ap


Mr. HENDRICKS. A few moments since, my propriation, but merely authorizes the Secretary of the Navy to expend soʻmuch out of the con

Mr. SHERMAN. If there is no further legis- colleague stated to the Senate that he expected a

communication from the President in relation to tingent fund as may be necessary to erect a wing lative business, I move that the Senate proceed

an important office in Indiana, upon which it is to the consideration of executive business. by way of enlargement of the Navy Department

desirable to have immediate action. In order to building. That addition is in process of con

The motion was agreed to; and after some time

ascertain whether such a communication has been struction, and now nearly completed. I unter spent in executive session, the doors were re

received, I move that the Senate proceed to the stand its entire cost will be about fifty thousand opened.

consideration of executive business, dollars, which is about equivalent to the sum paid CONDUCT OF GENERAL PAINE AT PADUCA II. The motion was agreed to; and after some time for two years' rent of buildings necessary for the

On motion of Mr. POWELL, the Senate re

spent in executive session the doors were reopened accommodation of the clerical force and employés sumed the consideration of the following resolu

and the Senate adjourned. of that Department. The joint resolution was reported to the Senate

lion submitted by him on the 7th instant: without amendment, ordered to a third reading,

Resolved, that the Secretary of War be directed, if not HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.

incompatible with the public interesi, 10 transmit to the
read the third time, and passed.
Senate the report and evidence taken by a military com-

VIONDAY, December 12, 1864.

mission, of which brigadier General Speed s. Fry was The House met at twelve o'clock, m. Prayer

president, appointed to investigate the conduct of Briga Mr. DAVIS, in pursuance of previous notice, dier General Paine, of the United States Army, in and

by the Chaplain, Rev. W. H.CHANNING. asked and obtained leave to introduce a joint resoabout Paduce n, keutucky.

The Journal of Thursday last was read and lution (S. No. 81) for the restoration of peace and

approved. THE PRESIDENT pro tempore. The pending

RESIGNATION OF A MEMBER. the Union, the vindication of the Constitution, qursion is on the motion of the Senator from and the construction of additional and adequate Illinois (Mr. TRUMBULL] to refer the resolution

The SPEAKER laid before the House the folguarantees of the rights and liberties of the people to the Committee on Military Affairs and the Mi- lowing communication, which was read: of the United States; which was read a first time litia; and upon that question the yeas and nays

WASHINGTON, D. C., December 10, 1864. by its title and passed to a second reading, and have been ordered.

SIR: I have resigued my seat in Congress, to take effect ordered to be printed.

Mr. POWELL. It is not my purpose, sir, to

on the oth instant. I will leave for Albany on Monday Mr. RAMSEY asked, and by unanimous con

next, and as it is not probable that I shall return in the discuss the question further, but simply to make mean time, I now tender my resignation as a member of the sent obtained, leave to introduce a bill (S. No.

a 'statement in answer to some interrogatories Cominiilee of Ways and Meuns, and also on the commit354) extending the time for the completion of cer which were put to me when the resolution was up

tee on the rebellious Siates. tain land-grani railroads in the State of Minnesota before. I was then asked by some Senator, i

Very respectiully,


Thirty-First District New York, and regulating the disposal of lands heretofore think the Senator from Maryland, [Mr. Jouin

Hon. SCHCYLER COLFAX, granted said State to aid in the construction of such

son,) whether or not this General Paine was now Speaker House of Representatives. roads; which was read twice by its title and re in the service. I have written a note to the Adferred to the Committee on Public Lands.

VACANCIES ON COMMITTEES. jutant General on the subject, and I am informed Mr. FARWELL asked, and by unanimous by that functionary that General Paine has tenil The SPEAKER announced the following apconsent obtained, leave to introduce a bill (S. No.

ered his resignation, but it has not been accepted, pointments to fill vacancies upon sundry com355) to amend “an act to regulate the ad meas and he is still in the service. I had seen it stated mittees of the House: urement of tonnage of ships and vessels of the in the newspapers that his resignation was ac On the Committee of Ways and Means, in United States,passed May 6, 1864; which was cepted, but that seems to have been a mistake. place of Mr. Stebbins, Mr. J. V. L. PRUYN. read twice by its title, and relerred to the Com I was also asked by whom this commission On the Committee of Ways and Means, in mittee on Commerce.

was appointed, and I was unable to answer the place of Mr. FENTON, Mr. D. C. LITTLEJOHN. REFERENCE OF PRESIDENT'S MESSAGE. question. I am now advised by the Adjutant On the Committee on a Uniform System of CoinOn motion of Mr. SUMNER, it was

General that it was appointed by Brevet Major age, &c., in place of Mr. Stebbins, Mr. Dwight

General Burbridge, commanding ihe Department | TOWNSEND. Ordered, That so much of the President's annual mes of Kentucky.

On the select committee on the rebellious States, sage as concerns our foreign relations be referred to the Committee on Foreign Relations.

I will furiher remark that a little mistake ap in place of Mr. FENTON, Mr. T. T. Davis.

peared in the report in the Globe, and the Senator The SPEAKER then proceeded to call the INCREASE OF TIIE REVENUE.

from Illinois seemed to catch my remark as the committees for reports to go on the Calendar, and Mr. DOOLITTLE. I offer the following res reporter did. I am made to say in the Globe that not to be broughi back into the House by a moolution:

the report of this commission had been published tion to reconsider. Resolverl, That the Committee on Finance be instructed in the newspapers. That was a mistake. The The SPEAKER. This being the alternate to inquire into the propriety of the inmediate passage of statement I made or intended to make, was that Monday, and the morning business not having an act to increase the revenue, first, by an additional tax of accounts of the report had been published in the

exhausted the morning hour, in accordance with one per cent. upon all sales of real and personal property, including also all bargains for the sale of merchandise, prodnewspapers.

the rule of the House the morning hour expires uce,gold or silver coin, or stocks otany description; second, Mr. TRUMBULL. I think it was the Sena

with the conclusion of the business appropriated by an additional tax of twenty-five percent. lpon the gross tor's colleague who stated that.

to it. The Chair will therefore call up the special receipts, to be added to the present rates, of all railroad fares, including street railroads, steamboats, :und ferries, to

Mr. POWELL. I am reported in the Globe

order for lo-day, being the bill reported by the be collected by the companies or persons running the same, as saying that the report had been published, and

Committee of Ways and Means in relation to the for the use of the Government. And that said committee I understood the Senator from Illinois to com

duty on cigars. be further instructed to inquire into the propriety of the ment on my remark as if I had said so. The idea

DUTY ON CIGARS. passage of a law to prevent the further expansion of the currency by the organization of any new banking associa

I intended to convey was that I had seen accounts The House ilien proceeded to the consideration tions except when they may take the place of some exist of this report, newspaper articles purporting to of the House joint resolution (No. 124) explanaing State bank. And that said committee be further in give some of the points in the report. I have tory of the uci entitled "An act to provide internal structed to inquire into the propriety of redeeming all the outstanding interest bearing legal-tender notes by issuing

never seen the report; it has not been published revenue to support the Government, to pay interin their stead other notes, in denomination not less than

in the newspapers, to my knowledge. The mis est on the public debi, and for other purposes,' fitry dollars each, bearing a uniform interest, from the Ist take was a very trifling one, to be sure.

approved June 30, 1864. day of Janunry in each year, of three and sixty-five one I think this document is of such a kind and Mr. STEVENS. Several gentlemen feel a difbundredths per cent. per annum, with coupons attached,

character that we ought to have it. I hope the to be paid out, and to be made a legal tender for their face,

ficulty about this question of the tax upon cigars, with interest added.

Senate will vote down the motion of the Senator for, as they say, there is so much involved in it. As this is a simple resolution of inquiry, in

from Illinois. I can see no reason for referring After some conversation with the Commissioner structing the Committee on Finance to inquire into

the resolution to a committee. I hope it will be of internal Revenue I feel some apprehension that the subject, I ask for its present consideration.

adopted at once. The document is a public record either he hus misunderstood us or we have mis. Mr. CHANDLER. Let it lie over.

in which the people of the country are very decply understood him in reference to this subject. In The PRESIDENT pro tempore. Objection

interested, especially the people in the region order, therefore, to give further opportunity for being made, the resolution will lie over. where these transactions occurred.

examination, I move to postpone this resolution The question being taken by yeas and nays, until Thursday next. COASTING TRADE. resulted-yeas 30, nays 8; as follows:

Mr. BROOKS. If the gentleman from PeonMr. FARWELL submitted the following res YEAS-Messrs. Anthony, Brown, Chandler, Clark, Col sylvania [Mr. STEVENS] will permit me, I will olution; which was considered by unanimous

lamer, Conness, Dixon, Doolittle, Farwell, Foot, Poster, read a note which I have received from a large consent, and agreed to:

Grimes, Harian, Harris, Henderson, How, Lane, of lan national tobaccouisis'aszyciation recently held in Resolvet, That the Committee on Cominerce be in

sas, Morgan, Norrill, Pomeroy, llumsey, Sherman,
Sprague, Sunner, Ten Eyck, Truinbull, Van Winkle,

New York, and of which I have no doubt the fructed to inquire into the propriety of consolidating the 1l Wade, Willey, and Wilson-30.

wenibers of this House have read notices in the

public prinis. I read this in order to call the at fifteen acres. It is the only station in the coun riety; so that her people, in this the agony of tention of the House to what they desire: try lying upon pure fresh water, and in the vicin

our country, have been able to establish and carry New York, December 9, 1864. ity of abundant supplies of coal and iron, and for to magnificent results, in less than three years, Sir: I am directed by the Tobacconists · National Asso

the service of which the Government can at any factories for steel which already rival those of ciation in request that you move for a suspension of the time, upon an hour's or a few hours'notice, com Sweden. When the war began we could not consideration of ine tax as relating to cigars and tobacco mand an adequate supply of mechanical skill, ex manufacture a first-class gun-barrel from Amerifor about two weeks, when the association will be able to preseni a plan which was adopted in convention of all the

perience, and power to execute any work required can iron; while to-day we can make of Pennsylintere-ts in this city on the iti and 8th instant, and which

at such an establishment as the necessities of the vania iron and expori better barrel iron than we it is believed will be found satisfactory to the Government. Navy may require.

can import. There is no branch of industry, from Very truly yours,

EDWARD BURKE, And the city of Philadelphia, finding its com the digging of the coal, the limestone, and the

Corresponding Secretary. mercial growih impeded by the location of this Hon. JAMES BROOKS, M. C.

iron, to the manufacture of gun-barrel iron, steel, yard, has tendered to the Government, not in ex and the best imitation that has yet been produced Mr. STEVENS. Those gentlemen desire a change for the old and limited site, but as a free of Russia sheet-iron, that does not abound within postponement for two weeks. I fear we shall not

gift, an island, containing in all about six hun the city or at points near to it and connected with be in session then. Bile I will say to the gentle dred acres, nearly one half of which is primitive it by railroad. man from New York (Mr. BROOKS) that when it land, and the remainder accretions made in the These rich gifts of nature are one element of comes up on Thursday next, if there is any fur- || long course of centuries. It is known as League Philadelphia's increasing wealth, comfort, and ther difficulty about it I shall not object io its Island, and lies at the confluence of the Delaware importance. The enterprise, the energy, the skill going over. I hope, therefore, this joint resolu and Schuylkill, the two rivers which connect that of New England, traveling through New London tion will be postponed until Thursday next. great emporium of coal and iron with the regions to Philadelphia, have done much to give these ele

The question was taken upon the motion to from which they come. It needs but about fifteen ments development, and largely constitute the postpone the further consideration of the joint res hundred yards of additional road to connect it by other condition alluded to. Who were the first olution till Thursday next, and it was agreed to. rail with every mine, and forge, and furnace that great machinists of Philadelphia? They were MESSAGE FROM THE SENATE.

has been open twelv months within the broad New England men, who had scanned the advant

limits of the State of Pennsylvania, and can, by ages of New London before they left their naA message was received from the Senate, through

two days' labor of an adequate gang of workmen, tive New England to come there the Merricks. Mr. Hickey, its Chief Clerk, notifying the House that the Senale had passed, without amendment,

be connected with every street railroad that leads Whitney is a New England name. Bement is anjoint resolution (H. R. No. 114) authorizing the

to the homes of the working masses of Phila other. So you may go through scores of our leaddelphia.

ing workshops, and find that the enterprising sons Secretary of the Navy to expenú a portion of the

It is offered, I say, as a free gift to the Gov of New England, seeking for a position in which contingent fund for enlarging the Navy Depart-ernment; and while the people of Philadelphia to employ their skill and ability in iron and steel ment building.

will gratify their patriotic pride in making such a works with greatest advantage, have passed ENROLLED BILLS.

donation, they will find compensation for their through the non coal-producing State of ConnecMr. COBB, from the Committee on Enrolled

munificence in the taxable value of the fifteen acres ticut to locate where we ask the Government to Bills, reported that they had examined and found now occupied as a station, but which, it is hoped, | put its iron workshops. I find in this constantlytruly enrolled a bill and joint resolutions of the

the Government will, soon after accepting League recurring fact proof of the correctness of niy following titles:

Island, put into the market, to supply a fund views. The shrewd, forecasting, enterprising, Joint resolution (H. R. No. 106) authorizing

wherewith to make the necessary improvements and skilled sons of New England, in their earnest the Secretary of the Treasury to dispose of cerupon the new and extended site.

purpose to succeed in life by availing themselves tain moneys therein mentioned;

The substitute for the bill of the committee of nature's advantages, find no attraction at New Joint resolution (H. R. No. 114) authorizing

which I submitted does not, therefore, propose London, but come in swarms to Philadelphia, and the Secretary of the Navy to expend a portion of

the creation of a new establishment. It does but realize their golden dreams. Shall we, in defiance the contingent fund for enlarging the Navy De

propose the enlargement of the Philadelphia navy- of the vindicated judgment of so many successpartment building; and

yard, and the transfer of its site to a point about five ful sons of New England, locate a fresh-water An act (II. R. No. 563) in addition to the act

miles lower down the river Delaware, though with-| establishment in salt water? Shall we locate our respecting quarantine and health laws, approved

in the city limits. Objections have been made to the iron-works in the city of a State in which there February 25, 1799, and for the better execution acceptance of this siie. It is suggested that New is no coal, while a fresh-water city so abounds in of the third section thereof.

London furnishes a more advantageous position, that essential article? Shall we locate our great

and such is the opinion of the majority of the machine shop in a city which produces no steam NAVAL DEPOT FOR IRON-CLADS.

Naval Committee. In general answer to this engines, and has no mechanician skilled in the The House then proceeded to the considera- | suggestion, I refer the House to the minority re branches of industry to be employed in such an tion of the bill (H. R. No. 536) authorizing a port made at the close of the last session of Con establishment? Shall we locate it in a State which survey at and near New London, Connecticut, gress.

produces but about twenty-five per cent. of the and the establishment of a navy-yard for iron In view of the opinions of the majority of my amount of such products as are produced within clad vessels thereat, postponed from the last ses colleagues on the committee I make the broad as the limits of the city of Philadelphia alone? sion till this day by order of the House.

sertion, and challenge sustained and advised con Shall we, if I may be permitted to repeat the The bill was read at length.

tradiction to it, that New London offers no one of pregnant question, ily in the face of the experiSection one authorizes the Secretary of the the great essential qualities for such a site, name ence of the emigrating sons of New England conNavy to appoint a competent engineer to desig- | ly, adequate breadth of pure fresh water, perfect nected with iron-works and machinery, and carry nate and survey a site on the river Thames, at defensibility, chenp coal and iron, and an unvary these great works to a point which has offered no or above Winthrop's Point, near New London, || ing supply of skilled laborers in the metals, while lemptation to him among them all who was most Connecticut, for the establishment of a navy-yard they are all to be found in a greater degree and patriotically and affectionately devoted to his naand naval depot for the construction, docking, and more striking combination at the point indicated iive New England ? repair of iron, iron-clad, and other naval vessels. by the substitute than at any other, not only in Mr. Speaker, all the argument derived from

Section two authorizes the Secretary of the our broad country, but in the civilized world. abstract Theory, and all the argument resulting Navy, upon the completion of the survey, and a Mr. Speaker, permit me to bring a practical test from experience, proclaim New London a site tender of a good title to the land designated, to to the judgment of the proposition I have just ut that no practical business man would accept, and accept the same, and establish thereat a naval tered. It is said that ihe men of New England | proclaim League Island to be a site to which depot.

are fond of making money; that they are given to ihey have come from every point of the compass The pending question was upon the following | enterprise, and are very astute in the discovery of to find their enterprise successful and their labor substitute proposed by Mr. KELLEY:

judicious fields for enterprise. What the Gov well rewarded. Strike out all after the enacting clause, and insert: ernment needs is a large workshop for iron and And, sir, we may derive a lesson on this sub

Tbal the Sceretary of the Navy be, and he is liereby, steel work; and it is proposed to locate it at New ject from the war now pending: Wherever our authorized and directed to accept from the city of Philadeipia a title to League Island on behalf of the Govern

London, in the State of Connecticut. I turn to armies have had commanders that would permit mient, if said title be perfect, and to establish thereat a

my native city, of which League Island is a part, them to fight they have driven the enemy before navy yard and depot for the construction, docking, and and find in her, next to my country, the object them; and at least one of the admirals of our repair of iron, irou-clad, and other vessels.

of my pride and love. I look at Philadelphia and Navy has written his name high above that of Mr.KELLEY. Presuning, Mr. Speaker, that observe her steady and rapid growth, her intelli- | Nelson or of Collingwood. Farragut stands tomost of the members of the Ilouse have read the gence, her productive power, the comfort with day in naval history without a peer. Our Navy recent very able report of the Secretary of the which her laboring people are housed, the afflu is the grandest the world has yet seen. We have Navy, I will spend no time in pressing upon their ence with wliich education is provided for their | added to it more vessels during the last year than consideration the importance of the establishment children, the number of churches of all the Chris- || it numbered at the breaking out of this warof a yard or station for the construction, cleans tian denomiriations which they have erected for more by nearly twenty-five per cent.--and yet the ing, and repair of iron and iron-clad vessels. I themselves; and I find enough to command the blockade runner makes her way into the rebelmay, however, remark that it is not and has not pride and affection of any son of hers, native or lious ports. We took New Orleans and opened at any time been the policy of the Navy Depart. || adopted. And I ascribe the grand results which the Mississippi river. We added to the glory of ment, or of the Administration, to increase the I find her embodying to two conditions, mainly: our country and our naval history the achieve. number of navy-yards or stations. They have first, that she lies in close proximity to the mus ments before Mobile and Charleston, but how few simply asked that Congress, recognizing ihe exi cles of modern civilization, coal and iron, which insurgent cities have we taken? Is it not true that gencies of a new age, an age of iron vessels and have been given to her people in greater abund Sherman has just concluded or is about concludsteam propulsion, should allow them to so enlarge ance than to those of any other of the American ing the most marvelous march ever made by an and furnish an existing station is to enable them States. I find coalin greater variety than is found army, a march from the banks of the Mississippi to meet those exigencies. There is, at Philadel


in the count, in order that he might do what our phia, a station containing something more than world, and iron in equal abundance and rich vn Navy cannot-open an Atlantic port? And why

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cannot so gallant and well supplied a Navy do it? It would be well enough in the discussions by what process one hundred and fifty miles is Pecause the southern ports are not exposed as which are to take place upon this subject--for I reduced to less than minety-nine miles. That New London, but, like League Island, lie at the hope, as the question is an important one, it will report, in the face of all the facts--of nature's head of rivers that may be obstructed. There is be freely examined-to bear in mind the fact that great fact the distance, of railroad tables, of the whole secret of it. Our Navy can do what salt water not only impairs the characterofihe iron railroad charges, of the scale of time for mailsever a naval force with skillful and dauntless of. on vessels, but that it so clogs it as to diminish the majority of those impartial scientific men in ficers can do, but they cannot open obstructed essentially the speed of the vessel. So much as their report have boldly announced that one rivers, or perform other impossibilities; hence it ten tons of barnacles have been taken from the hundred miles is a greater length than one hunis that Charleston has bafljed them for years, bottom of a single vessel. Among the earlier dred and fifty miles, and put New York and her and Mobile still bafiles Farragut, the lion of the monitors, two were sent home alınost simulta skilled workmen nearer to New London than to

And history, acknowledging these truths, neously, for cleaning; one went to the yard at Philadelphia
will not disparage the Navy when she records the Charlestown, and the other came to the yard at Now, Mr. Speaker, permit me to call the atten-
faci inai the army of the West marched from the Washington. It was found almost impossible tion of the House to a few parallels or compari-
Mississippi to the Atlantic to open a port and give to clean the bottom of that which went to Boston. sons between the two sites, with reference to
a base of supplies in one of the harbors of Georgia. | Indeed it was impossible to clean it without in skilled laborers, and to connect there with the

Yet, in view of these glaring facts, the majority | juring the iron. The incumbrances were those idea of the necessary force for the defense of the
of the committee have reported in favor of putting which salt water naturally inflicts upon exposed naval station if assailed by an army.
the great iron-work shop of the country at one

iron surfaces. The other, as I have said, came « The city of New London, as appears by the census of of the four most exposed points offered by our to Washington, and after lying one week in the 1860, has a population of 10,115. The city of Philadelphia whoic extended coast! There are along our fresh water of the Potomac, a common spade was Hits over 11,000 skilled workers in iron and brass, and over thousands of miles of coast but four ports which the only instrument used, and the surface was

5,000 skilled machinists; while very few, if any, of the La Gloire, the Warrior, and the other monstrous

10,000 people of New London are workers in iron and brass perfectly cleansed. The attachments are the dis on a scale commensurate with establishments unrecognized iron ships of Europe can enter; and New London ease inflicied upon iron by salt water, for which as among the shops and founderies ot Philadelphia. The is one of them. New London, lying about five nature has provided one remedy only-fresh

navy-yard at Philadelphia is the smallest of our naval slamiles from the open sea; New London, lying

tions. It employs at this tine about 2,500 workmen, almost

every one of whom is the head of a family, and allowing within two miles of the mouth of a tidal stream If gentlemen will examine the minority report them an average of five members to each family, it will be whose waters are driven back by the salt water they will find that the British and French Gov seen that, small as that station is, its workmen and their of the Atlantic ocean; New London, lying within ernments have been engaged for years, with the

families constitute a population that could not be housed, less than six miles of the broad surface of the aid of various scientific associations, in endeavor

in the Philadelphia fashion of a separate house for each

family, in New London, were the entire population of that Atlantic ocean, and about two iniles from Longing to discover some means by which they may beautiful city to surrender their homes to them." Island sound, into which those iron monsters could protect the bottoms of iron vessels against such enter through two channels, one iwo miles and a parasites, and how they may free them from

Where will you get the skilled workmen to hall and the other two and a quarter miles wide, ibem; and uniformly the same result has been

construct the yard and build the shops at New in either of which wo single point can be found arrived at, namely, that salt water, coat them as

London? You must import them, and build the with less than thirty feet of water at low tide. or with what you may, affects iron surfaces, and

homes in which they may dwell. And in these Who will obstruct two miles and a quarter of that mechanism and science have not been able

facts you find the key to the pertinacity with alnost boltomless channel where the great ocean

which New London is pressed on the attention of to suggest any means of relieving iron vessels of Hows into our great American Mediterranean,

the Government. For I again affirm that it has no such matter without damaging the iron plate. Long Island sound? and who will simultaneously Now, if we adopt the project of establishing a single one of the essential elements necessary for obstruct the other two miles and a half of deep

such a station. It has found the sanction of nó sinnew navnl station, and of placing it east of the water flowing under such a pressure? Ti is a re Iludson river, where there are already threc; if gle son of New England for establishing there a sult with which the iniagination of man will not

business such as the Government proposes to we are determined that we will, against the prograpple, and none will say that it can be accom test of the Administration, and especially of the

establish at the naval station in question. plished. This point is urged as an advantage, and Navy Department, increase the number of naval “ Philadelphia has more skilled machinists alone than we are told that New London will thus protect stations upon the Atlantic coast, and crowd one

New London has male population of all trades, callings,

and ages; she has more workers in brass and iron than New York. Why, sir, New York finds her pro more into New England, let us do it with our New London has population, male and female; and her tection against approach by the sound at Hell eyes open, knowing that when craft constructed adult workers in the metals and coal outnumber the engate. The traveler of the sound will see that there are ready to go to sea, if we wish them to

tire population of New London, male and female, by more no large vessel can now approach New York from use their fuel with economy, and make such speed

than one hundred per cent." that point, and that it is there, and there alone, as other vessels make, we must send them to the Sir, another very striking fact to be borne in that the Government can give abundant protec Delaware or some other fresh-water stream to mind in this discussion is that the annual growth tion to New York

clean them, and then let them go upon their march of Philadelphia, for a long series of years, has New London cannot protect itself, the Gov over the mountain wave. There, on the other been more than the entire population of New Lunernment of the United Siates cammol protect it, hand, while vessels are being painted or refitted, don, as ascertained by the census of 1860. Gen. and hence with its magnificent harbor, commerce nature would apply her own inedicament, and the tlemen will find this fact established by official has never located a mart there; mechanical in vessel would leave the wharf as she left the stocks tables set forth in the minority report. dustry has never found it a fitting abiding place. It upon which she had been built. If you wish to What is the annual produce of Pennsylvania is a beautiful city of ten thousand inhabitants, and waste some months of every year of the life of in coal and iron? In ihe year previous to the if by my word 'I could increase the value of its your vessels by sending them into fresh water census of 1860, as shown by that census, she prooutlying lots I would do it. It will grow in time solely to be cleaned, pul your station in salt || duced, of bituminous coal, 2,679,772 tons; of anbyiis sea-side attractions, and I will rejoice at its water or at the mouth of a tidal stream, and lay thracite coal,9,397,332 tons. While she produced prosperity, but I cannot consent to promote it by your vessels up dismantled or in ordinary in the nine millions and nearly one half of anthracite making it necessary for all time to come to keep waters of the sound or the Atlantic.

coal, all the other States in the Union yielded one an irou-clad fleet, able to cope with the fleets of If, ou the other hand, as I have suggested, you thousand tons! While she produced 2,679,772 the world, to protect the workshops and store wish the time required for refiiment or repair to tons of bituminous coal, all the other Siales tohouses in which we shall gather implements and cleanse and purity and fit the vessel for a new gether produced but 3,162,000 tons. Connecticut, materials in time of peace to enable us to engage cruise, you must put a station with ample anchor the State in which, and on a very exposed point in naval warfare, if it shall be put upon us by age and wharí' room and repair shops upon fresh of which, permit me to say, it is proposed to lothe nations or by Providence.

water. Again, if you would avoid another ex cate this establishment, be it remembered, proIt is said the Delaware river is not wide, and is pense to which I have incidentally alluded, that || duces, as I have said, not one ton of coal, and tortuous. It is true it is not as wide as the Mis- il of maintaining an iron-clad fleei equal to the iron has not the promise that she ever can or will prosissippi; it is true that upon a narrow bar running clad fleets of the world, do not put your repair | duce one. It is not even hinted that coal is hidbetween shores not divided by five hundred yards and construction station at an exposed place. Do den within her womb. In the matter of iron, there is, at low water, but i wenty feet and five not put it where La Gloire, the Warrior, and Pennsylvania,during the year preceding the taking inches of water; at high water, some twenty-five other vessels of that class may move up to within of the census of 1860, produced 1,706,476 tons of feel or more. think, Mr. Speaker, that the mi two or three miles of your station and bombard iron ore; and with that Connecticut compares nority report demonstrates the fact that for war Bear in mind that i welve hundred yards give || 20,700 tons. Oppig iron, Pennsylvania produced fare on the American coast no vessel is available impunity to an iron-clad against any ordnance 553,560 tons; Connecticut produced 11,000. Or which draws over twenty-three feet of water; and yei tested by any Government, and that nothing bar iron, Pennsylvania gave 259,709 tons; Consuch I find to be the judgment of every experi-shortofa superior fleet, lying at all times to guard necticut gave 2,060 tons. enced officer of the Navy with whom I have con the wide enirance into the sound, can protect the Mr. Speaker, without examining such material versed.

proposed site at New London from bombardment facis more minutely, I ask what is there to inThe shallow bar and obstructions in question by ihe fleet of any nation,

duce this Government at this lime to establish a are among the great commendations of the point, But again, do you want your great naval station new naval station? Are there not enough naval for there, and just below them, we could sink to be held at the mercy of a few land monopolists stations east of the Hudson, settle the question those obstructions which we have found alike and a few laborers? New London cannot furnish by which standard we may! If they be regarded dangerous and impregnable in approaching south homes for the skilled workmen needed by such as points of protection, are there not in the three ern cities. Of this advantage we could avail our an establishment, and she is without population | lying cast of the Hudson, enough, at least relaseives if necessary, though the river offers ample | from which to draw laborers. But somebody tively with the number located or likely to be depth for every vessel constructed, constructing, may say, in reply, that the report of the so-called located along our coast, to give that protection? or likely to be constructed, to be used in the ser scientific cominission shows that New London Has the water of New London special qualificavice of any navy on the American coast, and am cun call upon New York to supply these deficien lions? You will be told that it is not salt; that the ple verge and scope enough for free entrance and Permit me, in passing, to make this criti- proposed site lies near the mouth of a tidal stream. departure for any we shall ever build.

cism) upon that repori-ihat it has fuiled to show I tell you, sir, lliut science lias demonstrated that




THirty-Eighth CONGRESS, 20 Session.


New SERIES.....No.2.

such a position is even worse than one of which tion. It must be apparent to every person fami the coast survey will repel any insinuation against the waters &re salt to the very surface.

liar with the markei value of such property that his integrity or patriotism. In the report made to the British Association the price wbich could be obtained for the Phila But I must hasten to a close. League Island for the Advancement of Science for 1863, on page delphin yard would make, on the broad surface || is on fresh water. It is in a safe position. It is 27 I find the following:

of League Island, a slation infinitely more efficient where supplies of all kinds are abundant. It “ The more sanguine advocates of iron ship-building than the present one. Therefore, while it offers is where the commandant, at any and all times, have, in their anxiety to prove their durability io be such an extension of facilities, it offers also the means upon a day's or an hour's notice, may summon as to render protection needless, appealed to the existence of iron canai-boats of forty years of age or more, and to

of adding to their improvement. It is needed the mechanic or artisan he needs for any of the some of the earliest built iron vessels which have been for iron-works. It is upon fresh water, and would branches of industry it is proposed to conduct at occasionally in salt water. Most of the vessels alluded to, be for that reason an infirmary or hospital, (if I || such a station as the Secretary of the Navy rehowever, have been principally in fresh water, and on re may so say,) in which nature would be ihe physi-l quests us to establish. The situation is a central ferring to Table XV it will be obvious how vast a difference there is in the durability of a ship of any given sort

cian, for iron or plated vessels which had con one; New Jersey, Delaware, and Maryland would of iron exposed to the action of sea and of fresh water." tracted disease while lying off the mouth of the furnish supplies, work.men, and protection to it as This statement is followed by tabular state

sound protecting the city of New London, or well as Pennsylvania, and with her would feel

elsewhere in salt water. ments of the results of experiments decisive of

iis protecting power. the questions involved.

We cannot keep an iron vessel in Long Island Mr. Speaker, we are acting for the United States In another report, made by Mr. Mallet to the

sound three months and not damage her speed and for posterity. We are not to legislate in any same Association, to be found in the Transactions

by the barnacles that will accumulate upon her mean, narrow, or sectional spirit; not to punish for 1840, page 227, it is said:

bottom. Every day she is there will, if we mean one locality or reward another; not to canvass the “I would here remark a cause of increased corrosive ac

to keep up hier speed, increase her demand for patriotism of one people or signalize our detestion affecting castings, such as cast-iron piring, &c., at the

fuel; for every hour will increase the number, ex- | iation of the want of patriotism of another peomouths of tidal rivers, which has not to my knowledge ! posed surface, and weight of the insects which ple. And did I believe that there was a superior struck previous observers : il is well known that the sea her corroding iron surface will attract, and create site to League Island within the rebellious lines, water, during the flowing of the tide, from its greater density, forces itsellbeneath the river water like a wedge,


a necessity for heavier motive power to give her which we miglil soon make available, I would slowly and imperfectly mixes with it; lience two strata,

ordinary speed. This may go on for a little while say for our country and for posterity, let us go on one of fresti or brackish water, the other of salt water be -a few months at most until the mass of accu for awhile as well as we can until we can secure low it. Thus, while engaged in a diving beil survey of mulation shall have become so great that, put all to them those superior advantages. I believe, as I part of the bed of the river Bann, in the north of Ireland, last year, I found, during the flow oftide, the water strongly

the fuel you can, put all the steam you can upon said in the beginning of my remarks, that not only saline at the bottom of the river, and yet fresh enough to her, you cannot move through the water the our own country but the world does not present drink within three feet of the surface; the total depin of jagged mass of obstructions clinging to her at the the same combination of cheap, abundant, and water being about twenty-five feet; and in the proceedings speed which a clean vessel, just from a week's various supplies of material and labor for such of the Royal Society of Edinburghi (April, 1817,) will be found a paper by Mr. Stevenson, C. E., in which he debath in fresh water, could make.

a workshop as the Navy needs on fresh water. scribes an analogous phenomena as occurring at the mouth

We would economize money and time by send And so believing, and because I do believe, I shall of the river Dee, at Aberdeen, in the rivers l'orth and Tay, | ing our vessels merely to lie in fresh water for the urge as best I may the adoption of the substitute, and at Loch Eil,

where the Caledonian canal joins the west week that would cleanse them, and to go abroad and the acceptance of Philadelphia's munificent ern sea.” On taking up water at various depths at Fort William he found the specific gravity :

again. No man upon this floor will assert that offer of League Island to the Government for a At the surface.......


an iron vessel can be cleaned in any salt-water naval station and workshop. At nine fathoms..................


harbor except by taking her out of the water by Mr. BRANDEGEE. Mr. Speaker, on the 17th At thirty fathoms..


heavy and expensive machinery, and then using of last January the Committee on Naval Affairs or completely fresh at the top, and salt as the sea itself beneath.

expensive mechanical and scientific implements were charged by the House with the duty of in“Now, Becquerel has proved that a homogeneous metallic and processes. No man will advisedly assert that quiring into and reporting to this House upon the surface, (a rod or line for instance,) exposed to the action after such application has been made the bottom expediency of the establishment of a new yard of a tluid menstrum, will assume a state of electrical ten

can be cleaned without detriment to the iron. especially adapted to iron-clad vessels, and with sion, provided that ihe fluid in which it is immersed be of different density in two strata, i. e., of different corrosive

Next, League Island is a safe position; safe at all the further duty of reporting to this House a power.

seasons; safe if combined Europe should thunder proper site for the location of such a yard. The " In fact, the metal and the two layers of fluid constitute from iis fleets upon our coast; safe as Charleston inatter naturally divided itself into two branches a voltaic pile of one solid and two thuid elements ; hence, as one end of the metallic rod will be in a positive state

has been made by obstructions, as Mobile is, as of inquiry, and the resolution itself made that prowith respect to the other, it will be corroded faster than the

Wilmington is, and yet so accessible that the com visioni, iv directing the committee to inquire, first, other.

merce which reaches it every year equalstheentire as to the necessity of such a yard, and secondly, “Now,this io precisely the condition of any casting reach commerce of Long Island sound, embracing New the proper point of its location. With reference ing through a considerable depth of water at the niouth of a tidal river. The water beingsalter below than above, the

London and every point between that and New to those two branches of inquiry, the result of the part of the casting immersed therein (the lower end of a

York. It was Mr: Webster's proud but poetic | investigation of the commiitee is now before the cast-iron pile, for instance,) will therefore be in an opposite boast that fifty thousand sails shadowed the waters House in the bill and the report with which the electric condition to that of the portion above, and the of that sound. Year by year, month by month, bill is accompanied. amount of corrosion of the positive element due to the kind of iron and the state of the water will be further increased

and day by day, throughout each and every year With reference to the first branch of inquiry, or' exalted by the negative condition of the opposite end,

the commerce of the Delaware maintains itself at the committee, with very great unanimity, came which will be itself in the same proportion preserved. a point numbering about fifty thousand arrivals to the conclusion that the establishment of a

* This principle extends to very many practical cases as to fron plates, &c., partly iminersed in a solvent fluid, and

and departures per annum. So that the river, to new navy-yard, such as is recommended by the . partly exposed to moist air, &c.; and it suggests the import

which the objection is made that it is narrow, that naval authorities, adapted to the wants of what ance or giving increased scanlling to all castings intended

it is crooked, that it is shallow, sustains a com may be called an iron navy, had become a nato be so situated, to allow for this increased local destruc merce vastly greater in dollars and cents, and tional necessity. It is not my purpose to enter uon of material,

quite equal in the number of sails, to the entire into details now with reference io the consideraIf gentlemen will have the kindness to refer commerce of the "American Mediterranean." tions that controlled the committee in their conto page 26 of the minority report, which I have And, in my judgment, it is a proof of its fit clusions in reference to the necessity of such a caused to be laid on their desks, they will find ness for the objects under consideration that the yard. evidence from the highest scientific authorities | majority of the committee in support of their But it may be proper that I should state a few that such locations are even more destructive from adverse conclusion have sought from every source striking facts to the House from which each memthe electric or magnetic effects they produce than of information, reliable and unreliable, evidence ber may run out the argument himself as to the those which bathe vessels so far as they are sub that occasionally, among the more than thirty- || necessity of such a yard, which is the first branch merged in salt water.

six thousand vessels arriving at and departing of the inquiry. In the first place, it is a very Now, Mr. Speaker, I propose briefly to reca from Philadelphia annually, an occasional wreck striking fact that at the commencement of hostilipitulate the reasons why, in my judgment, the occurs. That they have been able to find so few tics the American Navy consisted of but seventysubstitute, rather than the bill, should be adopted. || is, in my judgment, evidence of the fitness of six vessels of all classes, principally wooden It is not proposed by the substitute, as it is by the place.

sailing ships. Of these only three were at the the bill, to increase the number of naval stations The author of that report is so far forgetsul of disposal of the Department at the firing upon Fort and add to the expenses of the Government the American law as not to remember that twenty Suinter. We have now in the American Navy maintenance of the entire staff of a new station. one years of continued residence may change the six hundred and seventy-one vessels, of which It proposes to meet the exigencies of the case and legal domicil of a citizen of the United States. five hundred and fifty-nine are steamers, and sevavoid that increase of expenditure. It is not pro On page 4 of that report it is alleged that Pro- lenty-one iron-clads. At the commencement of posed to purchase a site, or to accept one on other fessor Å. D. Bache is a citizen of Philadelphia. hostilities the American Navy consisted of less conditions than those which propose by the sale of Now, that distinguished gentleman assures me than six thousand seamen, of wliom less than two that now in use to create a fund adequate to make that for twenty-one years lic has been a resident hundred were at the disposal of the Navy Departlarge improvements, at least to put the new site voter of the District of Columbia. And I will ment for the purpose of managing the ships then in a condition as useful as-nay, by reason of its || inform the majority of the committee that Pro- | under its control. The Navy now consists of length of wharfage and the broad' and safe an fessor Bache, of Philadelphia, never was on any more than six thousand officers and forty-five chorage it affords at all seasons of the year, far commission appointed by the Government. Hap-. || thousand seamen. And while this marvelous inmore useful than-the present Philadelphia sta pily those who know the distinguished head of crease has been going on two of our naval estab.



lishments have been lost to the country and ren quiry, as to the proper site for the location of such state no fact that I do not hold myself responsible dered useless. Now, these considerations are yard, I think I have the judgment of the House for, both in debate and out of debate, here and very strong with reference to the necessity for new with me when I say that a question of that sort, elsewhere. I trust that the gentleman will chasten nuval facilities. But a much more striking argu the location of a great naval station, involving an his impetuosity by his prudence and endeavor to ment, it seems to me, arises from the considera

examination of the most complicated problems of moderate his zeal by his courtesy, and will allow tion of the change that has been effected in the engineering and naval science, involving an in me to pursue the course of my argument, as I whole system of naval architecture and naval war vestigation of a great variety of facts, and import have allowed him to pursue the plan of his own, fure. The American Navy is now essentially a ant as it is in its consequences whether the decis without interruption. Inasmuch, however, as steum and iron Navy. Steam has become an in ion be right or wrong-such a question is one the gentleman has challenged me toname those dispensable element to all fighting ships. The upon the consideration of which a committee of gentlemen, I will do so. I name Captain Mursdays of those old wooden ships of war, those this House, however able, might well hesitate to lon; I name Commodore Gardiner; I name Prowooden walls rising tier above tier with their

fessor A. D. Bache. frowning batteries, those wonders of our child But it was our good fortune, in entering upon I now go on further. Having alluded once behood, thoseglories of our early naval history, and, this path of inquiry, to find that it had been trod fore to the gentleman's disclaimer while the genit may be added, the terror of our foes, have den before by a board of experts raised by Con tleman was out, and that is, I think, his only passed away, and have passed forever, and their gress for the consideration of this very question; excuse for his interruption of me, I go on to old bulks are now lying rotting at our navy-yards and that every step of our pathway was illumined state this fact, which cannot be disputed, and as practice ships for midshipmen or schools for by the light shed by that board of officers. proof of which I hold in my hand, and challenge naval apprentices. Steam and iron have revolu

And here, if can get the attention of the House, || contradiction, that before his appointment to this tionized naval architecture and naval warfare the

I should like to go back for one moment, in order commission Professor A. D. Bache had written a world over, and especially that of this country. to state to the House the history of the legisla- | letter, which was published in the Congressional And, as I heretofore observed, our Navy consists tion upon this question of the location of a navy- ! Globe, volume forty-nine, part four, page 3247, of five hundred and filiy-nine of these steamers, yard, as all-important for the proper decision of and used in the debate in the Senate of the United and seventy-one of those iron-clads.

ihe subject. The Secretary of ihe Navy first rec States, a copy of which was furnished to the Navy And yet while this is true, we have not to-day, ommended this subject to the attention of Con Department, in which he urged the acceptance of in tlie striking language of the Secretary of the gress and the country on the 25th day of March, || League Island as a highly eligible place, and gave Navy, a yard where a shaft can be made for a

1862, by a letter to the Naval Committee of the his reasons for it; and ihat after that letter was steamer, or a plate for an iron-clad. So far, to

Senate. Immediately, with that alacrity of pa- | published, after it was used in debate in the Senbe sure, we have succeeded tolerably well in this triotism which always characterizes the City of ate, and after it was on file in the Department, warture against a belligerent who is entirely des- | Brotherly Love," that city at once, with an eye Professor Bache was placed upon this board, and titute, or almost entirely destitute, of ships, men, to the advantages obtainable to the Government consented to act with that record before the world. und naval resources, and where the exigencies of and to itself, tendered League Island to the Gov Now, sir, why do I allude to this? Simply as a the day call merely for the enforcement of a strin ernment for the purpose; and with a haste that ground for the argument, which I think is legitigent blockade; bui if the day should ever come admitted no delay, and a zeal that tolerated no mate, that that board thus constituted had no bias fir distant may it be, sir-when, in a war with a modification, a bill was attempted to be forced in favor of New London, and no bias against first-class naval Power, it should become ourduly, upon the Senate fixing upon the country League League Island. That is all. I impugn not the ship for ship, and fleet for fleet, upon the ocean Issland as a place for this naval station. And, as motives of the Secretary of the Navy. Let him to contend for the scepter and sovereignty of the an ominous feature in that bill, significant of the stand or full by the judgment of his country men; seas, we should never sufficiently regret that we value of the “munificent gift," an appropriation he has friends enough to defend him. I will not be had not in time of peace prepared an ample yard of $ 200,000 was put into it as the first installment either his defender or his accuser. Nor dolenter for the repair of vessels disabled in ocean con for filling up League Island. It was only by the into questions of delicacy or decency with Profesflict, and for maintaining our position as a first persistence of Senators in the other Chamberihat, sor Biche. I have a right to say that I am satisclass Power upon the ocean.

finally, the friends of that measure accepted a fied with that board, its constitution and its acI can only add to these considerations that, as modification, and consented that a board of offi tion. It was composed of gentlemen of great a measure of economy alone, we have it from the cers should be appointed by the Secretary of the eminence in their professions. It had, as its presimost prudent naval authorities that the establish Navy to examine all the sites that were named dene, Admiral Siringham, one of the soundest ment otsuch a yard would be a saving of money and that were prominent before the country, and minds and honestest hearts in the Navy-a man year by year to the Government. We are now to report to the Secretary by the "selection of who had just won the first naval victory of this in the hands of private contractors entirely, both which site the public interest would be best pro war, who had advanced your drooping standard as to prices and as to the time for the completion of moled.Congress directed the Secretary of the off that storm-vexed Bermoothes, Cape Hatteras, contracts; and the saving in demurrage, delay Navy to appoint that board, and the question and inspired the heart of the country by the first and excess of prices since the commencement of being narrowed down, in the opinion of Congress, naval victory achieved during the conflict. That the war, in the estimation of those whose oppor as shown by the debate in the Senate, and in the board embraced, as another of its members, the tunities are best for information, would have been mind of the country, to the respective merits of engineer of Yards and Docks in the Navy Departequal nearly, if not quite, to the cost of such a League Island and New London, the Secretary || ment-the very man whose business it is to se. yard as is recommended by the committee. As of the Navy, in the recess of Congress, composed lect the sites for navy-yards, and to construct and an instance, it has happened that one of the most that board' by appointing six men, officers and engineer them afier selection, and who had seeficient steamers in the Navy, the Niagara, lay | engineers, of whom three were from the city of lecied and engineered the construction of many of for fourteen months entirely useless because repairs || Pluladelphia.

the present yards of the country; a man in the could not be effected in less time at private yards, I know the disclaimer of the gentleman from front rank of his own profession. and in another instance the guuboat R. R. Cuy- | Pennsylvania [Mr. KELLEY] upon the floor this T'he board, thus constituted, with no bias in ler for ten months awaiting repairs which might morning, that Professor Bache was not from the favor of New London, with all those natural feelhave been completed in sixty days, and at an city of Philadelphia. But I have taken pains to ings, which, while we may deny them, we all know expense equaling the entire first cost of her ma examine ihe Blue Book that is distributed by the we have, and which would lead them to prefer their chinery. The Secretary of the Navy, in his last Government authorities, and find that Professor own neighborhood and their own friends; just report, tells us that two of our iron-clads, the Bache hails from Philadelphia both as to birth and the feeling that will actuate the twenty-four yenMiantononal and Tonuwundi, are now wo years as to designation; and thai bis children and grand- | tlemen from Pennsylvania in this House to strive behind the time promised for their completion children holding offices in the Navy all hail from for the floor the minuie I have leftit in order to deby one of the most responsible of contractors, the same place, and are so designated in the book. fend League Island; just the feeling that will probawhen their presence in the Jumes river or the Now, Mr. Speaker, I allude to this fact, not for bly actuate the small delegation on this floor from waters of the Carolina sounds might give a sin the purpose of impugning the character of the Connecticutio advocate New London-thatboard, ishing blow to the toltering fortunes of the re Secretary of the Navy. I am not to be drawn with that bias, having made a carefulexamination bellion; and to obviate the pressing necessity, he here to-day into a discussion of his motives, un of the subject for over two months, decided, by a has already established ten temporary sintions less I am driven to do so in sell-defeuse as the resolution which ihey laid before Congress and along the Atlantic and Gulf courts, vam ly, ut debate progresses. But I have a right to state facts, the Navy Department, “ that the public interests Key Wesi, Norfolk, Beaufort, New Orleans, and I have a right to the benefit of the facts when would not be promoted by the selection of League Pensacola, Memphis, Baltimore, Hilton Head, stated. And I state that, the question being | Island, but would be promoted by the selection and other places, whose aggregate cost would whether New London, Connecticut, or League of New London," which they recommended. more than compensate for the current expenses Island, Philadelphin, was the proper place for a And now, right here, Mr. Speaker, I ask you, of such a station as is contemplaleu.

naval station, and that having by Congress been and through you the gentlemen of this House, do Viewing, therefore, these considerations, which ordered to be decided by a board of officers, that you think that you are more able here to-day to we have merely suggested rather than elaborated, board of officers was composed, by the Secretary, decide this question arighe thun that board of vfiigoverned by the fact that the Secretary of the of three citizens of Philadelphia, one gentleman cers, selected by order of Congress for their speNavy has in all his reports for the last three years from New York, one from New Jersey, the engi cial competency for this work? Is there anything urged it specially upon the consideration of Con neer of the Department, and not a human being in the temper ofthis House, in the labit of uutengress, and the further fact that the President of from all New England in it.

tion evinced by its members, at which (without ihe United States hus considered it of such prime Mr. KELLEY. Will the gentleman yield one saying anything disrespectful to this House) I importance us to give it special prominence in moment for a correction?

was astonished when I first came here, is there his last two annual messages, your committee Mr. BRANDEGEE. I will; butthe gentleman anything in the past study or present profession could not ivoid the conclusion that the time had will bear me wirness that I did not interrupt him. of members on this floor, is there anything in the come for the establishment of a great pavy-yard

Mr. KELLEY. I think that justice requires subject-matter, complicated as it is, by which this and station to meet the enlarged wants of the ser that the gentleman should name the three citizeus House thinks that, upon a debate here to-duy, it vice and the revolution in naval architecture. of Philadelphia to whom he refers.

can more intelligently decide this question, withWith regard to the second branch of the in Mr. BRANDEGEE. Mr. Speaker, I shall out ever secing the localities, than it was decided

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