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by that board of skilled officers, embracing engi: refer, in selecting a site for a navy-yard, to a first-class formed, the inelosure was exteniled so as to embrace an neers and gentlemen of high authority in naval
establishment for iron-clad: and iron vessels, or to a site additional area, now known as the new meadow. Accordmatters, who had given it their undivided atten
for laying the foundation of an establishment ineeting all ing 10 a plan which has been submitted to the board by a the requirements of an iron navy."
committee from the Board of Trade, this old meadow contion for more than two months? It is a subject
tains two hundred and nineteen acres, and the new ineadow involving the examination of tides and currents
The gentleman who has just finished his speech
one lundred and sirry Giveacres. On the north of the island, and soils and topography and defensibility, and
as the advocate of League Island, following the and between it and ihe main, there is a cluannel which, we questions of that complicated character; a critical path of the Secretary, has also repeated this charge are toid, was of suficient depthi in former days to 10:11 examination of channels and of maps and of meas against the "majority of the Naval Committee,”
large ships-of-war; now it is a narrow and shallow chan
nel, not sutlicient to float vessels of any size used by ibe urements, and the investigation of a vast and
and alleges that they also mistook their duty, and Navy. Large areas of marshes have formed on the east varied mass of facts. Do you feel yourselves
found for “ an additional yard on the old plan;' and west ends and on the north side of the island, and the more competent to decide it here to-day than that and this, notwithstanding he is himself a mem whole appearance indicates a constant and rapid accumuboard, selected for their special adaptation for that ber of that committee, and has for five months sat
lation from the immense deposits of the Delaware river.
To raise the surluce of this island to a height which would purpose, and whose lives had been devoted to such with them during their examination hearing wit
render it sate from the incroachment of high tides, willre. pursuits?
nesses, listening to arguments, gracing the com quire a filling of from vine to ten feeloveribe whole area; The gentleman from Pennsylvania comes in mittce by his presence and lightening their labors and il, as has been suggested, a line of whari' from he car
ried out to the twenty-three feet line, it will involve an adhere to-day, deliberately, with a confidence in him by his eloquence, during all which time they have
ditional filling of a space one milelong, and averaging four self which, to my mind, appears almost sublime, confined their investigations to the proper site for hundred and enty-one feet wide and nineteen fert deep. and asks you upon his argument and interested an iron navy and an iron navy alone. And if If this space is for filled, then the constant use of dredgining minority report, signed by himself and another proof of this were needed, I have only to refer machines will be required to maintain a sufficient depth or gentleman from Pennsylvania, a member of the the other seven gentlemen who compose that com
water to accommodate the vessels of the Navy. Tojirnini
the materials for this immense filling, which will amount Committee on Naval Affairs-and it seems that mittee, now within the sound of my voice, to the in the aggregate in several juillions of cubie yarıls, it is still Pennsylvania must always have two members on following language of their report:
that an abundant supply can be had from Red Bank, on te that committee, a double representation some "The committee cannot avoid the conclusion, therefore,
opposite side of the river." where-he asks you, I repeat, to-day upon his re
in auswer to the first branch of the inquiry with which Two hundred and nineteenacres and one hun
they were charged, that the imminediate establishment of a port and speech to decide this great question that so
dred and fifiy-five acres, according to the old aritha new yard, with special adaptation to the building and seriously concerns the whole future of the Navy, storing of iron vessels, has become a national nccessily."
metics, used to make three hundred and seventyand to decide it for him, and against the concur
sour acres. Where, then, are the six hundred
And to the unanswerable fact that the very bill rent report of this board of officers and the Naval
acres the gentleman alludes to in his minority reCommittee of the House. Now, Mr. Speaker, I reported by the committee, and now before the
port; and where are the six hundred acres of say that the nature of this question is such it canHouse, contemplates the establishment of a yard
* munificent gift" which the Secretary of the not be decided and ought not to be decided here. for an iron navy, and an iron navy alone.
Navy urges upon Congress in his last report? It The attention of the Thirty-Seventh Congress
Mr. Speaker, my time will not permit me to go is a mud flat outside of the island, the recent acwas called to it, and it provided for its decision. || subject. Early in this Congress the matter was
further into the discussion of the history of that cretions of the river-ooze, that ooze of whici, blind It ordered that board of commissioners to examine
old John Milton might have sung as of another referred to the Naval Committee, consisting of into the subject. It is patent lo my mind, from
ooze just beyond the "burning marle" where wits the construction of the act, that it ordered them one gentleman from Massachusetts, one from Con
“ Neither sea nor air nor good dry land, to decide it, and that they did decide it, and that necticut, two from Pennsylvania, and the others
But all these in their pregnant elements from Missouri, Indiana, Ohio, New York, and
Mixed contuscdly,' it was the duty of the Secretary of the Navy to
various parts of the country. That committee or that “Serbonian bog," where great armies abide by that decision,
and not to have appealed | personally visited these sites; and I affirm to-day might have sunk. This ooze outside of the isl. from them to the Committee on Naval Affairs,
ihat you cannot decide in reference to the propri. and is added in the minority report to make out and to this House. Now, sir, as I have said before, four out of the
ety or otherwise of the selection of one of these the six hundred acres. six, and it was an unusual number-six of a com
sites without a personal examination of them. And in reference to the land which is inclosed, mission to decide a mooted controversy-four out
The committee visited them. They heard all of we have already seen what the commission say. of the six decided against League island. My
the proof and all the arguments. They started The water adjacent to the front of the island is friend from Massachusetts, (Mr. Dawes,] who
prepossessed in favor of League Island, from the but a few feet in depth; at low tide the bottom is honors me with his attention, knows thai, in a
fact of its central position, and from the further entirely exposed.
fact that it was favored by the Secretary of the You have got to get, then, twenty-three feet of contested case in court that would be an exceed
Navy, as well as from its vicinage to coal and ingly curious board of arbitration which consisted
water for your vessels to lie in, and to secure that iron and the alleged advantage of fresh water. of six, with no one to give a casting vote, and of Starting with that prepossession, they have finail y
depth will require the additional filling in of a these six to have three who lived near the resi
space one mile long, four hundred and eighty-one dence of one of the parties, and had an indirect
reported to this House that in their opinion League feet wide, and nineteen feet deep. If this space interest in the decision, one of them having
Island is entirely unadapted to the purposes for is not filled in, the constant use of a dredging given an opinion on the case beforehand. Still,
which the Government seeks to establish a depot machine will be required to maintain a suflicient for iron-clads.
depth of water: The report goes on to say: if that board, without any nalfeasance or corrup
If the House will listen to me for a few moments · The borings made by the board show that there is a depth tion, decided the case, four to two, and against | longer I will state what the committee found of inud and fine sand varying froin twenty-tive to ty six the party to whom their bias inclined them, it League Island to be. League Island is in the Del
feet in depth, under which is found gravel of good quality, would, I think, be strong evidence of the justice
and in suficient quantities to sustain piles. It is unoubt. of that case.
aware river, about four miles from the seltled When the report of that commis
ediy true that no llenvy structure can be erected on this sion came before Congress, and the Secretary of
part of the city of Philadelphia, and is between island with any probability of safety without resorting to
ihree and four feet below the surface of the river the expensive operation of piling. the Navy, in his annual report, stated that he should accept League Island despite the action at ordinary high lide. That is the first fact that " Thic board is therefore or opinion thai, in this particular,
New London is vastly superior to League Island.” of that commission, unless Congress should
struck the committee, as it struck the commission.
I have taken the pains to get an engineer to otherwise order, it will be recollected that the
An island it is called by courtesy; an island it
estimate the number of cubic yards in three hunSenate immediately, by resolution, did otherwise
dred and seventy-four acres, and it is 5,185,433; order. Ile was instructed not to accept League is entitled, out of abundant charity, in our report; Island until Congress should direct him to do so.
and I undertake to say that if a writ of ejectment and at a dollar per cubic yard, the least price at In the report of the Secretary of the Navy, just or trespass were brought against a wrongdoer
which the dirt could be purchased, transferred thereon either would be abated on plea if the com
across the river, rebandled, and spread upon the as in the report of the minority of the committee, you hear it insinuated that the finding of this plainant described “the locus in quo” as an island
island, it would take more than five million dolunless it was added " covered with water. Now,
lars to fill up that island. • commission was in favor of a navy-yard upon the surface of that island is from three to four feet
But the strongest fact by far is that upon an " the old plan;' in other words, a yard for wooden below the Delaware river at ordinary high tide,
examination by a scientific process of boring, it vessels, and not such a yard as the Secretary and but for the embankments which surround it
is ascertained by the commission and it is conwanted and as was necessitated by the revolution in Daval architecture. To break the force of the it would be lowed at each recurring tide-a fact
ceded by both branches of the board, majority which is disputed by none.
and minority-that the whole island, or so much report of the board of officers, it is over and over
Mr. KELLEY. As the gentleman says the
of it as is necessary for naval purposes, must ise asserted in the Secretary's reports and by the minority that the commission mistook their duties
fact is not denied, will he permit an interruption? | filled to the average depth of thirty-seven fect. Mr. BRANDEGEE. The gentleman knows
The borings showed that the gravel bottom of and were led to find for “un additional yard on the old plan," and this stereotyped pliraseology as well as I do that I have not one quarter of the
that island is in some places twenty-five feei betime I need to get the case before the House.
low the surface, and ai other places fifty-six feet, is repeated and varied in every form of expres Mr. KELLEY. The fact is denied that the an average of more than thirty-seven feet. Prosion and insinuation. island is four feet below high water.
fessor Buche, and the engineer of the Philadelphia The short and decisive answer to this charge
Mr. BRANDEGEE. I will quote from the rec
yard, and the entire commission, disagrecing in is the 'esolution passed by the board themselves before proceeding to their duties, and by which ord, making no statement of my own, and accept
other things, concur in this, that the island must
be filled to that average depth. they themselves limited and defined them:
ing none from interested parties. I will read from
If you add to the expense of filling the ex« Resolved, That after giving full consideration to the objects for which they were appointed, as indicated by the pointed by the Secretary of the Navy:
pense of piling, you make an island which, instead
of being a gift to the Government, there is liardly law, and inviting fusiructious froin the Department, con “ League Island is a reclaimed marsh, surrounded by a sidering the views of the Dipartiment as expressed in the dry stone wall and embankment of carth raised to exclude
money enough in its Treasury to pay for. The letters of the Secretary of the Navy od Marii 23 ind June the river. A portion of the island was reclaimed many gentleman at the head of the Treasury Depart9, 1962, and the discussions by flo!. Mr. GRIMES, O! the years since, and is known as the old meadow. We have
ment has not capacity in his presses to issue United States Senate, and others in Congresa, the wants no positive intormation on this point, but presume that at of the Navy and the country, and the circumstances of the
greenbacks enough from day to day to pay for the time the wall and embrukment were built all the land times connected with the progress of waval warfare, the Worth reclaiming was embraced within the inclosure. Sub.
ine filling and piling, as the work progresscs. cominilire are of opinion that their duty requires then to sequently, and about cigintell years sin!'', as we are in Millions aro required to prepare a foundation.
These facts are conceded by the Secretary, by 28th, and he hopes that in the morning of the 29:h struction from icri I is strongly suited by the Admiral Smith, chief of the Bureau of Yards and
be still in Time to secure to Philadelphia commission that originally examined il. There Docks, and by both branches of the commission. this inestimable boon of the great naval site of the was presented to the cominillee, while they were
My friend (Mr. Kelley) breaks, or altemp!3 country. This is one of a cluss of witnesses ihat examining this question, it lise, and a long list, of to break the force of this argument by asserting in my friend (Mr. Dawes] would hardly charac vessels, Inken from the records of the port warthis minority report that " a more accurate ex terize as a slow witness. He goes on to say: en's ofiice in Philadelphia, that within the past amination, such as a really scientific commission "In visiting the place for the first tiine with any view to few years had been entirely destroyed by the ice. would have made," has demonstrated that the an examination, I have no hesitation in saying'
We found, from an examination of the records report of the original commission was inaccurate, Of course such a witness would have no hesi of the Corn Exchange, in Philadelphia, that the and that the island can be used for Government tation
arrivals at the port of Philadelphia for the winter purposes without being piled. " from my experience in the location of our present estab
months were, upon an average, five hundred and Task the allention of the House, of the gentle Jislimejit at Port Riclimond that no difficulty will be found two per month, while, for the summer months, men who have examined these reports, and of for the proper foundations for machinery or buildings at they averaged thirty-five hundred per month-d those gentlemen wlio have interest enough left in League Taland.”
rate of increase, I think, for the summer over the the American Navy and in American navy-yards This witness, who has an establishment at Port winter months of about six hundred per cent. I lo decide this question right instead of wrong, Richmond, ten miles off, asseverates here that, may not be precisely accurate in thui statement, with their eyes open instead of blindly; I ask from his experience at Port Richmond, he has bui gentlemen can turn to it in the report. Whatthem to consider the testimony by which the gen no hesitation in saying that the Government can ever the precise figures may be, there was an iintlemen of the minority of the committee attempt sufily put works al League Island, ten miles off'. mense diminution of the cousiwise and foreign to break the force of the report of this scientific He goes on lo add what the character of those i arrivals at that port in the winter months as comboard of officers who cxamined the question. works arc, and closes with a foot note, which, pared with the arrivals in the summer months, Who is the witness? Who was the person de like the postscript of a lady's letter, is the most showing how the commerce of the country retailed to make this "accurate examination such iinportant part of his testimony:
garded that obstruction. as a truly scientific commission should have " I should have silid that my buildings for boiler and smith
Senator Riddle-I do not know whether it made?" One George Davidson; and perhaps“not shops stand on gravel foundation, running from tive lo ten is parliamentary to name a distinguished Senator
And to know him argues one's self unknown." fect toward the river."
from Delaware in the other Chainber-testified bewho is Mr. George Davidson, detailed by the Sa So this witness, the question being whether you fore the cominitiec is a witness who had vo bias perintendent of ine Coast Survey, whose own may snfely put the Government buildings on sand outside of Delaware, certainly, that he himself course has been criticised in the Senate prelty instead of gravel, gives his testimony that they had kuown the Delaware river to be frozen solid sharply, and in the press of the coumtry, for may be safely put upon sand, because his works, at League Island, and bad driven across it himacting on a board in a matter wherein he had al ten miles off, are put upon gravel. And well self in his sleigh.' And he also stated what ought really given an opinion in advance? This Super miglit the honorable gentleman, having a dim to be known to this House, and perhaps pracintendent detailed ove George Davidson, of Phil- suspicion that the testimony was liable to excep- ticed as an example by some, that it he himself adelphia, to examine League Island and report cinli, interpolate a picture of a steam anvil as a were a member of the Pennsylvania delegation his conclusions; and what are they? The con police for the mind to pause upon, before it arrives he could not in conscience vote for this schemeclusions of Mr. George Davidson is to the scien at the consideration of the next branch of the he himself being a distinguisheil engineer. Adlific results of his observations are precisely iden subject.
miral Gregory laid testimony before the committical with those of the original commissioni. He Now, while I am here upon that picture, I lee that he himself nearly lost the Raritan there finds that the alluvial soil attains a certain depth. || might as well say diis, because the Secretary of a few years ago, from ice; and while the gentleSo did the commission. He finris that iben comes the Navy in his annual report has alluded to that man (Mr. KELLEY) was denying the difficulty a straluni of fine sand. So did the commissioni, very picture. I do not know whether or not be from ice, and while I, in a humble way, though He finds that althe depth of thirty-seven teel, on made the reference by way of advertisemeni of as ably as I could, was asserting it, while we an average, there comes gravel. So did the con the artist. If he dich, in my opinion the picture were discussing this precise question in commitmission,
is as valuable as the advertisement. But the See the Government gunbeat Galena, in attempt. The difference between the commission and retary has alluded in the fact that League Isiand ing to go to sei, solved the question by being the witness is this, and solely this: he gives it is the besi place for a naval siation because “per herself cut throngh by ice, and being compelled as his opinion that the heavy work necessary for cussive machinery
put with better ad to be lowed, almost in a sivking condition, lo the Government may be placed upon the tine vanluge upon sand than upon ground or stone. Fortress Monroe. The difficulty in this respect sand. Professor Bache, the engineer of Yards and Now whai is " percussive machinery?" A trip was so striking that the great coal-carrying lines Ducks, the admiral of the bureau in charge of hammer. How much space does that take? We of Pennsylvania fell compelled a few years ago Yards and Docks, give it is their opinion that it have the scale upon the picture, and I have taken to alter the location of their coaldepots, and passwould not be safe to put them on ihe sard, but the trouble to measure that scale. It takes pre ing by League island went down the river forty that they must go down to the gravel. Tliat is cisely fifteen feet. So that in order to have an miles, I think, in the neighborhood, at any rale, the only difference between them, and it is a dif elastic bedding of fifteen feet for a trip-hammer, of Chester or New Castle, and gave as a reason, ference of some thirty to fifiy fit and of some you inust take six hundred acres of ooze and mud in their published statement to their stockholders, millions of dollars. And this stricily scientific and fill it in. And to do that you must throw that it was for the purpose of avoiding the delay, commission, consisting of one gentleman by the away the best place upon this conuinent for a danger, and difficulty from ice. And there was name of Davidson, of Germantown, a ward of naval station, in order that your elastic machinery, laid before the committee the testimony of a civil Philudelphia, and who gives an opinion which, as is alleged, may in fitieen feet of digging 10 engineer in the interest of the Pennsylvania Railhe says, “ in my mind announts to a conviction," where find rock. When I come to that part of the roud Company, who had been employed by them goes for putting the workshops and forges upon subject I shall show conclusively that ihe soil at to investigate this precise site to see whether it the surface of ihe ooze, while Professor Bache || New London is free from rock, consists of loam was adapted for their purposes. He says: and the engineer who is to build the yard, and and gravel, and is remarkably adapted for all the "You will perceive that the face of League Island is subthe other gentlemen composing the commission, uses of a yard. So much for the iopography of jected to the full force of the flood tide from the long reach not so strictly scientific, think it unsafe 10 erect League Island.
in the river, extending soutliwestwardly, the effect of which Buch structures without reaching a solid founda
has been, as represented by the statements of those most And now I undertake to say that that is the
familiar with our river, and its winds, currents, and bars, tion. That is all; but suppose Congress, having least objection to it. I undertake to say that the to pile up the drifting ice upon the entire island shore-liuc; Tested the fate of our great Navy on the opinion | obstructions from ice in the Delaware river, the and, indeedof one George Davidson, (contradicted by all the difficulty from the inadequate depth of the water he adds, (and the gentleman cannot discredit the other experis,) which, in his mind,“ amounts to in that river, iis distance from the sea, each of testimony of a Pennsylvania witness, an engineer a conviction,” should one day, afier expending them is a still stronger objection to it than the one at that,) millions, find these foundations setiling, should I just disposed of. The great argument that is “I have before me evidence to the cffcct that in all times find your heavy mills and forges, workshops and urged is that it is a place of security for your ves of obstruction by ice vessels can be brought with mueli less trip-hammers, all crumbling into one mass of un sels. So are the Alleghany mountains a place of difficulty through the Horseshoe channel than to League
Island. distinguishable and irredeemable ruin, would it security. But it would not be the part of wis
It may be stated that an ice guard could be con
structed that would relieve the front from the driving ice of be any satisfaction to know that still, in the mind dom in the House or in the Department to make the flood tide, but the effuct of such breakwater would be of Mr. George Davidson, that opinion amounted a station for iron-clads there. And I can show to cause deposits within the surface affected, thus subjectto a conviction? That is the result of the altempt that it would be almost as impossible for iron
ing you to a continued and beavy expenditure for dredying." to break the force of the scientific commission by clad vessels to get to sea in times of emergency And upon that report the company abandoned introducing the testimony of Mr. Davidson. from League Island as from the Alleghany mount the project.
I do not know but that I ought in fairness to ains. The obstruction from ice at this point in Now, Mr. Speaker, I ask this House whether add here that the minority of the committee has the Delaware river is so formidable as io be in- || such a site, in such a river, as I hope I shall brought up another witness to support this view. superable. And the testimony comes from such a have an opportunity to show the House by and He is a gentleman named Lewis Taws--of Phil variety of sources, from winesses so credible, || by, in the further progress of this debate, is a place adelphia, of course. His testimony is so peculiar so numerous, and so scattered, and from times for a great naval stůlion? It is well known that that I think the House should have the benefit of when it was nobody's interest to manufacture at a naval station vessels are constantly going into is. He says:
testimony, that no man can discredit it. And the and out of commission. They come from abroad, PhiladeLPHIA,
March 29, 1864. honorable gentleman bas not undertaken even to and must have a broad frontio lie in while awaits * DEAR SIR: Your letter of the 28th reached me at my
meet it, except by saying that the force of that | ing orders or repairs. They must lie in the stream, house in Germantown loo late for an answer by return mail. I hope I may still be in time, if my opinion can be of any
objection has been greatly exaggerated, not al and the stream is ibe channel, because there is not use in establishing the fact that League Island is a proper templing at all to deny the fact.
sufficient depth of water out of the channel. There place to locate a navy-yard for the general purposes of our The force of this difficully can hardly be ex they must lie, anchored in the channel, subject to Goveruincat."
aggerated; it is very strongly urged by the Sec the obstruction of fast ice, and danger from float. Ho received the latter to which he refers on the retary of the Navy himself. I refer to the ob- ll ing ice, at anchor, to be cut through by a down
ward tide running at the rate of four miles an hour, Il published by order of Congress and with the ap excavations which are made are filled up immeand an upward tide running back at the rate of proval of the Secretary of ihe Navy, a statement diately. It is shown in the report of Professor three miles an hour.
in reference to the New Ironsides, one of the most Bache, in reference to the survey of that stream, Gentlemen will remember that the length of formidable mailed vessels in the Navy. She was that the channel hassbified more than two miles, the river is such that the ice passes down with built at the Philadelphia navy-yard, and was four opposite New Castle, during the last ten years. one tide to be returned by another, because the days getting to the mouth of ihe river. That fact The fact that this place was so remole from the ler:gth of the river is such that it does not go to appears al large upon page 31 of the book I have point of anticipated atrack in time of war, and the the sea; and the experience of the commerce of indicated. The Sangamon, the Patapsco, and the fact that the peculiar construction of every vessel the world is that, in that river, the ice goes down ! Lehighi, three iron-claus, went to sea from Phila for which the yard was designed was such that with one tide and is brought back by another, || delphia, under tow of steamers, and were two they could not easily be got to the ocean or to the and so goes dashing everything in its path. I ask | days in getting to the cnpes. Yet this is the place yard; the fact thut all iron vessels must be towed you, gentlemen, whether this is the place for your for the repair and safe-keeping of the iron-clads to and from sea at an expense, as was represented great naval station.
which are to be the protection of our harbors and from the highest authority, of $1,000 the round There is a difficulty as insuperable as this in the cities against foreign attack! It is admitted that trip, amounting to a very large annual expend. depth of the river. We had this matter before us. this is the only service to which they can be ap ilure; these and other considerations, both of ecoWe examined it very minutely by the charts fur- | plied, because we know at last, after much popu nomical and natural disadvantages, forced the nished by the Coast Survey department; and it is lar misapprehension, there is not one of them that committee to the conclusion that this site was not denied, it will not be denied upon this floor, || has efficiency as an ocean steamer. So far they totally inadmissible. that at a point in the Delaware river, immediately are simply foaling batteries, to be put before cities Mr. Speaker, the committee, after having exbelow League Island, there is a depth of but eigh on the coast and for harbor defense. These iron amined other places, and after having made a perteen feet of water; that at mean low tide you clads, according to the gentleman and the Secre sonal examination, directed their attention to the have in the Delaware river, at that point, but tary of the Navy, ought to be placed one hun site proposed at New London. I shall not go eighteen feet of water, but nineteen feet at Wil- || dred miles from the ocean for security.
into a lengthy or elaborate statement of the admington, nineteen and a half at New Castle, and From a point so remote from the scene of their vantages that obtain at that place. I believe it is varying at points down the river at some four or operations they could not get into the presence of well known to every member of this House that five bars of that description. Now, is this the a hostile fect upon the coast sooner than four its advantages as a harbor are admitted and unplace for a great naval station ?
days through a channel which he admitted to be rivaled. Ti must be in the recollection of many Mr. Speaker, we are to-day upon the very lortuous, (and I thank him for the admission,) here that in their school-boy geograpbies it was threshold of naval architecture. The revolu with a lide running down freighted with obstruc laid down as one of the elements almost that New tion effected within the last ten years by the in- tions. This type of vessels have but feeble motive
London harbor was one of the best in the world. troduction of steam ceased to be wonderful, viewed power of their own, averaging a speed of only However that may be, it was in proof before in the light of that revolution that was effected by five miles an hour, scarcely enough to slem the the committee chat from the earliest period the the introduction of iron for the mailing and arma tide of the Delaware, some having made seven
attention of the Government and the naval authorlure of vessels. Who can cast the horoscope and seven and a half, but mainly on trial trips.
ities had been directed to that harbor, its advantof the future, and doubt that within a few years These vessels are unwieldy and unmanageable, ages, its capacity, and its great depth of water naval architecture and naval warfare will disclose they mind their rudder with the least fidelity, they from the ocean, that depth being twenty-seven feet new problems which are now hidden to the eye have less deck room, and of all types of vessel at the shallowest point, and that at only one place, of man? And who shall doubt that within this require plain sailing, open sea room, and favora
all other depths being over thirty feet. The great decade vessels will be built drawing twenty-five ble conditions for either service or for safety. || practical advantage of vicinity to the ocean, and and thirty feet of water, just as now in England || Such, sir, is the class of vessel which it is pro yet sufficiently removed therefrom as to be easily and France there are built large sea-going cruis posed to put up this tortuous stream, one hundred | defensible against hostile attack; its contiguity to ers drawing twenty-five and twenty-seven feet of miles from the ocean, their object being to pro the great labor system of New England and the water? Donald McKay, a name foremost among tect New York, the harbors of the Atlantic, and timber adapted for ship-building, said to be the the shipbuilders of our time, informed the commit our seaboard cities at a moment of danger from best in the country; these considerations, when tee that England and France were already deepen hostile attack; and the excuse is that these invul examined, strongly challenged the attention of the ing their docks for the reception of vessels drawing nerable vessels must be put in a place of absolute committee, as they had for years the best naval thirty feet and over. And the testimony of one security.
minds of the country. of the most eminent of our naval constructors (Mr. Let me read from the report of Captain Turner, I have heard the gentleman from Pennsylvania Delano) was positive that it was indispensable of the New Ironsides, page 76. He says:
almost exhaust the statistics of the census reports lo a first-class naval station to have at leastıwenty
“You will, however, have observed how correct my rep.
in showing the immense amount of capital and five feet of water at low tide"- seven feet more resentation was, that this ship could not be depended upon skill invested in Philadelphia and Pennsylvania than the Delaware.
in a lide-way, and bow unmanageable she became, com in the arts of labor. I do not propose to deny Yet my friend, who makes light of this objec
pelling the pilot to order the ancltor to be let go lwice in his assertion at all. It is not a part of my policy
order to avoid grounding, which would have involved the tion, says that you can place the great naval sta loss of the ship.”
to deny any advantages which obtain as io that tion of the country for all time at a point where
site. No doubt there is more skilled labor in there is a depth of only eighteen feet of water,
Captain Drayton, of the iron-clad Passaic, re
Philadelphia than in the whole State of Connecbecause we shali not build any of these " ports, page 33, as follows:
licut. I rejoice at her prosperity; it is a pride to sters" of the ocean. Who has told him that?
“ Owing to the peculiar form of the vessel aft, the rudder
me as well as to him. But the question is, and is How can he know it? We have built nineteen
has no power except through the water thrown on it by the
alone, can there be enough labor concentrated at monsters already that draw over twenty feet of the engine is stowed down all means of direction seem to New London to supply the wants of this estabwater. They are upon the catalogue of the Navy ccase. This might become serious in a narrow channel, or lishment? And who believes that in immediate to-day. And nineteen of the most efficient steamone with sharp turns."
contiguity to the workshops of New England, ers of the Navy draw from twenty to twenty The SPEAKER. The gentleman's hour has hive of busy brains and busy arms, there would three feet of water. I have not time to give their expired.
be any dearth of labor where capital sought its names they are spread out in the report of the Mr. O'NEILL, of Pennsylvania, obtained the employment? The board of scientific men met majority of the committee. There is not one of floor.
that question, and they concluded that there can them, sir, that can go to League Island or return Mr. BRANDEGEE. I wish the House would be no doubt but that an adequate amount of labor without waiting for the rise of the tide. They let me conclude now what I have to say. I have for the purposes of the Government can be obcould not pass the bars without waiting for the pot troubled the House since I have been a mem tained at that poime, which taps every manufacfive feet rise by the tide. They can neither get to ber of it, nor shall I trouble them often, and I curing village of New England. or from League Island except at high tide. am charged by the committee with the duty of I come now to the consideration of two points,
Mr. Speaker, shall we pui the naval yard, the laying the whole subject before the House I and with the consideration of those two I shall greatness of which has been so eloquently alluded think it is due to me that I shall be allowed to pro close what I have to say at this time, which have to by the gentleman from Pennsylvania, and by ceed. As I have charge of the bill I will give been urged against New London. Those are the which we are to wrest the trident of the seas from ample opportunity for debate before demanding absence of fresh water, and the alleged indefensi. Neptune-shall we put it at a place where vessels the previous question.
bility of that point against hostile attack. As the drawing over eighteen feet of water cannot go to There was no objection, and Mr. BRANDEGEE gentleman from Pennsylvania (Mr. KELLEY) sea except by waiting for the rise of the tide? was allowed to proceed.
compliments me with his attention, I hope he will It is claimed by the gentleman in his report Mr. BRANDEGEE. These are some of the answer me in the argument which I make upon that the Wabash went to sea from the Philadels objections which occurred to the committee and these points, if he can. In regard to the first phia navy-yard, and that she draws twenty-three induced them to reverse their first impressions in | point, 'I undertake to say that the necessity and feet of water. So she did. I have the statement favor of the site on the Delaware. They seemed advantage of fresh water have been greatly exag. of her captain that it look fifty hours to get her to the committee to be not only formidable but gerated by the friends of the site in the Delaware to the breakwater from the yard at Philadelphia insuperable. It seemed to us that the soil at that river. Bút little is yet known in this country on on account of being compelled to wait at every place was of such a character as to afford a strong the subject of the relative action of fresh and salt bar until the rise of the tide enabled her to pass. reason, if there was no other site suggested, why water upon iron bolioms. We are in the infancy Even then, air, she dragged the bottom all of ihe Congress should not listen for a moment to the ofan iron navy. We have just commenced buildtime. The Wabash was then going to Port Royal | argument in favor of adopting that locality. There ing such vessels. We have been so much in the to join in the allack which elevated the name of was such an array of testimony before the com sphere of action, the necessities of our position Du Pont to the roll of our naval heroes, and thul mittee in reference to the obstruction from ice, hare driven us so much to practice constant ingreat commander had to wait for this finest vessel and this difficulty was of so alarming a character exorable action that we have not hud mine lo of his fleet, as she was fitiy hours in getting from and so undoubted in its existence, that the com experiment much upon such matters or to find Philadelphia to the mouth of the river.
mittee considered the objection insurmountable. time to theorize. England has been for a century I have, in a work called "Armored Vessels," And the nature of that stream is such that any l speculating and experim-oring upon this precise
subject, and what is the result? I admit all the girt shore, and wash the beach at Rockaway" || itself. That problem would seem to be solved by science the gentleman from Pennsylvania (Mr. instead of into the harbor of New London. the opinion just cited, if it had not been before deKELLEY) possesses, and he has brought into his The truth is, and the fact is testified 10 so that cided by common sense. Added to this would be report much more, culled from the report of Brit the committee did not for a moment doubtit, that the presence of your own invulnerable iron-clad ish associations, and it runs through ten or fifteen this objection does not obtain in our waters; and Navy, present for its protection with all the modpages of his report. But what is the result to further proof of it is that the whaling vessels that ern paraphernalia of torpedoes, rams, and engines which they have arrived? That the prejudicial come from the Arctic circle and lie at our docks of destruction created by the genius of our counaction of clear sea water upon iron bottoms for lose within two days their barnacles and the crus trymen, stimulated to its wonderful advancement one hundred years is the two hundred and fifteen tacea which attach to them.
in all the arts of offense and defense. thousandth part of an inch. The prejudicial Mr. L. MYERS. With the permission of my The testimony the gentleman has cited for his action of fresh water is twofold, first from oxida friend, I would like to ask him whether the ves assertion of the indetensibility of New London, tion, and secondly from the attachment of crus sels he speaks of were iron-clad?
and the only testimony, is that Colonel Ould retacea and other marine attachmenis to the iron Mr. BRANDEGEE. My friend, I hope, feels cently, in a conversation with one of our officers bottom. If I state aright, the result of the tables a glow of satisfaction in learning that they were in relation to the exchange of prisoners, asserled is nearly inappreciable; but whether it be so or not. One thing more has been urged against New that Charleston was untenable from the fire of our not, I shall undertake to show upon the highest | London, its want of defensibility. li the House balleries there. I must confess that it was with authority that it does not affect iron bottoms in shall be patient while I address myself to that surprise bordering on astonishment that I heard New London harbor. The prejudicial effect of branch of the subject, I will then relieve it from thai gentleman, above all others, cite on so immarine attachment is very serious—not less so the further sound of my voice.
portant a point as this the testimony of rebels in than the gentleman has stated to the motive It is urged that the site in the Delaware river arms against the Government of the United States. power and efficiency of a vessel.
is thoroughly defensible. Perhaps it is, and per- I well recollect at the last session with what won. In one hundred years, then, according to the haps it is not. But the shortest path to League | derful indignation he pounced upon his friend and experiments of England, which are the best lights Island, by an enemy, is not by the Delaware, colleague from the same State [Mr. Miller) bewe can have, the rusting of an iron bottom is the though it may be the only path for us. It is not cause that colleague had made a charge upon him two hundred and fifteen thousandth part of an beyond the recollection of those who remember and had fortified it by the statement of one Robert inch. If my friend's lease of life were as long as the history of our revolutionary war, that the en Tyler, I think, whom my friend from Pennsylthat, or if the deterioration of the human system emy passed into Chesapeake bay, landing at Elk vania (Mr. KELLEY) denounced as a rebel in arms were as slow as that, it seems to me, Mr. Speaker, ton, and flanked Philadelphia and took it, and against the Government, and as unworthy of that there would not be much use for life insurance held it for five months. I might here say, with being cited as witness before this loyal House. offices. In one hundred years it is the two hun reference to the obstructions which are relied And yet the only testimony he offers to the fact dred and fifteen thousandth part of an inch. If upon as the chief defenses of the Delaware river, he asserts is the testimony of this rebel colonel, our iron-clad navy lasts as long as that in clear that what is good for defense is good for offense. and to a fact that is contradicted by the knowlsalt water, the scale upon the surface will hardly. And if the Delaware river can be obstructed at a edge of every man on this floor, because Charlespay for the one hundred miles of navigation up certain point to prevent the entrance of an one ton is still tenable against the fire of our naval ibe Delaware.
my's fleet, can anybody give me any reason why | batteries that have been operating against it now Now there is an injury, and a very serious the enemy cannot obstruct the entrance at the for more than a year and a day—the lifetime alone, growing out of the attachment of marine mouch of the bay by chains, torpedocs, or other lowed by the laws. plants and of marine animals. In southern seas obstructions, and seal up your entire Navy, while And the truth is, right here, Mr. Speaker, that they attach with a marvelous rapidity, and to a they blockade the mouth as tight as in a bottle? the effective range of modern ordnance is at such an degree almost beyond belief; and they destroy How would you get to sea, with the enemy elevation-I ask my friend opposite to take notice or seriously impair the efficiency of an iron or of | blockading the mouth of such a river as thai, —as that it cannot apply to naval vessels. To proan iron-plated steamer. They do not, however, and with obstructions to aid the blockade? pel a shot to do execution at a range of four or five attach in any great degree to wooden hulls. There It is said, indeed it is rather sung than said, miles you must elevate your ordnance to thirty or is no doubt that these barnacles, these algæ, these (the Secretary having set the pitch and the whole forty degrees. You cannot do that on board of sea-worms, these crustacea, of whatever species choir having caught up the refrain,) that New an iron-clad vessel. The very moment that a portor genera, do lose their life in fresh water, and London is indefensible in this, that an enemy's | hole is copstructed for that purpose, or the hull of a that the marine plant loses iis life in fresh water. feet with modern ordnance can lay off a short vessel is constructed for that purpose, you have I assert, however, without fear of contradiction, distance from the mouth of the harbor and shell lost her efficiency as an iron-clad; and it is a fact thut a condition of things does exist, from what out the navy-yard if it be established there. The known to every man on this floor that, from first ever cause, speculate on it as you please, summon committee have found, and the fact is so, and to last, no iron-clad in our country, no iron-clad up philosophy as you may, in the waters of New military gentlemen who were with the commit in Charleston harbor has attempted to throw a London, which destroys these crustacea, be they tee upon the investigation of that site will attest shot at that range toward the city of Charlesanimal or vegetable.
the fact, that the navy-yard site lies about three ton, for the reason that on board a vessel they If gentlemen have done me the honor to read and seven eighth miles from the mouth of the could not elevate their guns at such a degree as the report of the Naval Committee they will have river. Beyond the mouth are numerous islands to make their range effective. With batteries at seen that the river Thames, on which ihe city is and headlands admirably fitted for earth work bat the mouth of our harbor we could keep at sea located, is a fresh-water stream-a very short one, teries. An enemy, then, to lay within shelling four or five miles from shore an enemy's fleet by to be sure-straighi, and very deep, and that it distance of the navy-yard, must lay within short the very range spoken of. is fresh to a point opposite the proposed site of range of the plunging fire of the batteries upon Now, on this question of defensibility (and the yard. There it meets the waters of New these islands and beadlands. In other words, lo with this I shall close) I am willing to leave the London harbor, and a brackish state of the water obilain a range of four miles, and do exccution, he case with the testimony of experts. My friend obtains. In that precise water, upon testimony inust himself lay within a hundred yards, or a alleges that New London is not only undefended, which cannot be discredited, upon the testimony hundred feet, it may be, of the batteries at the but indefensible. That is his opinion. His opinof Benjamin Silliman-a name known in this mouth of the harbor.
ion is entitled, I have no doubt, to great weight. House and to the country; I might add, known As to what the judgment of science and of prac I know that he has had some military experience. where the English language is known--who him tical minds is upon that subject, I will not follow I recollect very well that the gentleman from Ohio self examined the very site, crustacea do not ex the gentleman's example and introduce myself as (Mr. Cox) read here one of the most amusing ist. They are destroyed when brought into con a witness, but that of a board, the competency of pieces of military autobiography that I ever heard tact with those waters. The testimony of that whose testimony cannot be questioned for an in before a public body, wherein was given the milieminent geologist and savant of this country is con stant. It is in this report on armored vessels, tary experience of my friend on that night, I befirmed by the united testimony of every shipmas which contains a great deal of information, and I lieve either before or after the battle of Gettysburg, ter in New London.
commend it to the consideration of my friends (my friend can correct me if I am wrong,) when Some of them are known to gentlemen on the upon the other side. In the report of the board my military critic lay, in his own language, upon other side and some of them to gentlemen on this called together by the Secretary of the Navy for his back, • gazing at the misty, mazy mysteries side--such men as Williams and Havens, Barnes the purpose of investigating the very question we of the Milky Way.” (Laughier.) When, thereand Williams, Frink and Prentis, and others, are now considering, whether an armored fleet fore, my friend, relying upon that military expewhose business it has been to chase the leviathan can be kept off by local immovable batteries, this rience, sets it up against the judgment of the of the seas around the Arctic circle. They have opinion is given on page 3:
authorities that are alluded to in the report of the established this very fact, that the barnacles, the
"We do not hesitate to express our npinion, notwith
majority of the committee, I must defer to him sca-worms, the crustacea, do not exist, and can
standing all that we have heard or seen written on the sub personally; but I must still claim that, before not live in the waters of New London harbor. ject, that no ship or floating battery, however heavily she ihis House, the judgment of such authorities as Theship-timber men, the pile-drivers, the owners
may be plaid, can cope successfully with a properly con-
we have cited is better than even his judgment. of wharves, all unite in testifying to that fact.
and though constructed of a material which may be sliat And, sir, this question of defensibility is one that The gentleman (Mr. Kelley) has attempted to tered by shot, can be coverell, it' need be, by a much heav these lawyers here cannot determine. It is a quesdiseredit the fact without producing a particle of ier armor than the floating vessel can bear, while the other tion that the farmers here cannot determine. Liisa evidence, but on a visionary theory of his own, is subjected to the disturbance of wind and waves, and the
question that the debaters here cannot determine, powerful effect of tide and current." that the Atlantic ocean pours its resistless tide
Ti is intrinsically a question of naval and military into the Thames river, and drives the fresh water The problem proposed by the gentleman is, that science and engineering, and a very uncertain one back up the river. The theory is ingenious enough a fleet can come from England or the Continent, at the best. What say the military critics upon if it were not met by the factihat Long Island and weighed down by its weight of armor, cross the this question? General Cullen, chief of engineers Fisher's Island lie across the harbor, and that ocean thus weighed down, and then lay within a of the army of the Potomac, who examined the those sounding waves of the Atlantic, of which few hundred yards'range of batteries at the mouth subject with reference to this very question, gave the gentleman speaks in suill more sounding ot'a river, and shell out the naval establishment the commillee his opinion that no harbor in the phrase, are dashed upon "old Long Island's sca of the country four miles above without danger to United States was more easily defended. Major
General George B. McClellan, who, whatever may that this land was tendered as a gift to the Gov but merely to state, based
such arguments be said of his capactiy to lead an army in the ernment; and I know that the mere doubling of as I hope to adduce, beginning with the report of field, history will certainly, with one accord, pro the population of a town suddenly must create the commission to which the gentleman has reclaim as the ablest or one of the ablest engineer- | land speculations.
ferred, that I think League Island should be at ing officers and military scholars that this country Mr. BRANDEGEE. That, Mr. Speaker, is once accepted, and that the minority report of the has ever produced-he himself examined this a legitimate consideration. It naturally follows Committee on Naval Affairs should be adopted harbor, with precise reference to this very ques if there is any speculation in reference to land without delay, as recommending the place, of tion, with a knowledge of improved ordnance and it is a speculation among themselves, where one all others, most suited for the purposes of buildthe revolution in naval architecture, and gave it man is the loser and another is the gainer, and ing an iron navy, and as offering reasons unanas his opinion that it was a very eligible place for with which the Government has nothing to do. swerable, in my opinion, for the favorable action a naval station.
My friend has taken back what I understood to of the House: General Dix, within whose military depart- || be the natural inference from his remarks, that There are several points in the majority report ment the place is, has also made an examination there was to be such land speculation as would of the commission to which I ask your attention. of it with reference to that question. Admiral be to the injury of the Government. I stated be I am not, Mr. Speaker, about to enter into an inStringham also made a similar examination. fore the committee, and I state it now with a full vestigation of the birthplaces of its members. I Commodore Van Brunt, who afterward com knowledge ofthe business of that little town, that do not intend to condescend to make such a small manded the Minnesota in that gallant fight that not a foot, not an inch of real estate or personal warfare upon worthy officers of the Navy who she made for two days against that unseemly property there has changed hands since this sub constituted it as to name for the sake of an argumonster of the ocean, the first Merrimac, the first ject was mentioned on account of the pending of ment against their fairness where they were born, iron-clad of which we had knowledge that mon this question. We always have felt that we have bui I will take occasion to say that Commodore ster of whom my classical friend might perhaps || had too just a case to resort to any but fair means. John Marston, an able and accomplished gentletruly say, in the language of the poet, " monstrum Notwithstanding we had to contend against so man, and a near relative of my friend and colhorrendum, informe, ingens, cuilumen ademptum, great a city as Philadelphia in suc
a stormy fo
league from the first district of Pennsylvania, that shapeless beast upon the waves, wallowing rum as this, we have thought we could make came from the State of Massachusetts; and that its way to the all but certain destruction of our it so clear to the House that they could not fail Commodore Gardiner, an equally meritorious ofNavy—he who fought her for two days in his to see the merits of the case of New London. ficer, who signed the majority report of the come wooden walls, has also given it as his opinion I have only to say, Mr. Speaker, in conclusion, mission, was a native of the State of Maryland. that this is a most eligible site for a naval station, that we offer you to-day what I believe to be the It does not matter to me that Rear Admiral Siringand easily defended. And such was the judgment | best natural roadstead on the American continent, ham, whose life has been passed in the Navy to of Admiral Foote, of Commodore Ringgold, of admitted by the naval authorities and by a vasi the glory and honor of the country, was reared Admiral Paulding, and that sound, sensible com majority of naval officers outside of the Depart- || in the State of New York; nor will I stop to inquire mander in the Navy to-day, who has charge of the ment to be such. There is no speculation in the for the birthplace of Engineer Sanger. Philadelentire iron-clad department of this country at the purchase. Connecticut, though smallas she is phia does claim ber honored son, Professor A. Brooklyn navy-yard, Admiral Gregory. So that, and I do not propose to allude to her past ser D. Bache, but claiming him she does not here or on the question of defensibility, I must wait until vices or present position; I disclaim allihat sort elsewhere impugn the motives of others whose I see better authorities arrayed against such a mul of Buncombe-the State of Connecticut has of lives have illustrated a conscientious discharge of titude of witnesses as these, whose reputation is fered it to you for nothing. You have but to put duty, or attempt to fasten upon them the narrow not inferior to that of any others in this or any your hand out and take it. That is all.
and sellish argument of locality before country. other lands.
The question is now, with such a harbor as I wish now to do justice to the members of the Mr. Speaker, this place is offered to the Gov that, with such advantages, with soil remarkably commission, and to protest against any remarks ernment. I heard something fall from my friend, | adapted for Government works, as the engineer || tending to reflect upon their action, and to diswhich I was sorry to hear, about land speculation. l of the yard tells you, almost made to your hand claim for them, as I do for myself, any idea of My friend generally speaks pretty clearly, and ! by natural excavation for, dociis, in a healthful being influenced on this subject otherwise than think I have not misunderstood him. My friend climate, in a genial lalilude, because the temper for the advantage of the Navy. has intimated that there is a land speculation at ature there is moderated by the Gulf stream, de Mr. Speaker, I throw out of consideration this New London. He intimates on this floor that clared by Humboldt to be one of the most health-point of locality in selecting a site for such a navywhich he did not intimate in committee, and which ful spots in America; the question is whether | yard as the country really wants; but I will make was proved before him, in the committee, to be a you will refuse the best place for a naval depot an effort to show the House that the report of gross slander upon the constituents whom I rep for iron-clads that is offered to you for nothing. the majority of the commission proves almost conresent. It may not be parliamentary, but it is true, I beg of this House not to imitate the folly of the clusively, upon all the leading requirements necesnevertheless; and I do not propose to abate any Roman emperor who turned away the Sibylsary for a naval station for iron-clads, armature, thing of the declaration.
while presenting the leaves upon which the fate and machinery, that League Island is unsurMr. KELLEY. Will the gentleman yield to of the Roman empire depended. I ask you not passed in the depth and freshness of the waters me a moment?
to throw away this opportunity for obtaining the flowing around it, in its nearness to every article Mr. BRANDEGEE. Certainly:
best place on ihe continent for a great naval sta used in building iron vessels, and its defensibility. Mr.KELLEY. It was argued, if it be proper tion.
The gentleman from Connecticut, I think, will, to mention the matter, very elaborately before I ask you to consider it; if not now, to postpone upon reflection, concede at least the latter point, the committee that the establishment of an insti- | it, that you may look at it more seriously and and will not again speak of Philadelphia being tution which would require more labor than there consider it from day to day, so that you may at
outtlanked in one of ihe earlier wars.
He must were people in the town must lead to inordinate last lay broad and deep the foundations of our look to the history of our revolutionary struggle, speculation in land. You cannot, sir, double the Navy. You must do it. It is your duty to be and not forget, when he attempts to undervalue population of a village without creating specula come a first-class naval Power, and if to-day you the defenses of the Delaware river, that hostile tion in town lots. It is not possible to do so. recklessly throw away the chance, at some hour ficels have visited his favorite harbor, and that
The SPEAKER. It is not in order to discuss when it is too late you will repent at the expense armies have marched and fought successfully at what has occurred in committee.
of your national honor and the position you ought his very threshold. He has not told us that New Mr. BRANDEGEE. So I understand; and to maintain as mistress of the seas. Task you to
London was outflanked; that Fort Griswold, on that sin is not upon my skirts.
pause before you decide, and to decide at last by || Groton Heights, was outlinked. He forgot to Mr. Speaker, there is a fish which, I believe, is merits and not by numbers. The action of to state that in September, 1781, a Briush fleet left called the cuttle-fish--I am not now able to give | day decides, for the illimitable furure, the elli the eastern end of Long Island in the evening, and the name by which it is known in natural history, ciency of your Navy, it may be, your position as that upon the next morning it appeared in front of and which, after it makes an attack and is pursued, a naval Power. It is at once your duty and your New London and almost burnt it to ashes; while surrounds itself with an inky cloud, and so at destiny to become a firsi-class naval nation. Lay, at the same time a British army attacked Fort tempts to escape from the assault which itself has then, the foundations strong and deep, not in shal- || Griswold, took its garrison, after a gallant des provoked. I make, of course, no application of low waters or upon quicksands, but, seizing these fense by New England patriots, and after its surthis fact of natural history to anything which has great natural advantages, the want of which render basely murdered the brave Colonel Ledoccurred within the last five minutes. But, sir, France vainly strives to supply by nrt, accept | yard. I am quoting history. when a gentleman on this floor in a speech alludes for the Governmenta station for that Navy wlich Such was the defensibility of New London. to land speculation in connection with such a sub is yet to ride the mistress of the seas and wring || There have been improvements in building forject, I understand, (I don't know how it seems to from reluctant England the baton of the ocean. tifications and in constructing vessels of war. other gentlemen,) but I understood an insinuation Mr. O'NEILL, of Pennsylvania. Mr. Speaker, Steam and iron have changed the character of to be made against the parties proposing it, and as the gentleman from Connecticut in his closing | attack and defense; but relatively the Delaware to the effect that the Government is in some way words speaks for New London, so, I say, argues river is more capable of withstanding atincks of to be cheated by these parties, and I did not un the Secretary of the Navy, in his annual report armies or navie's thu New London. League derstand the gentleman to refer to the legitimate | just made to the President, in his remarks favor Island is further from the ocean by many miles, increase of a city (which every man has a righting the location at League Island for a "navy-yard and the approach of a hostile fleei is almost imto desire) arising from the location of a Govern for iron vessels and machinery," that if now the possible. So muchi, Mr. Speaker, for the point ment work. It may be that at some of the pro United States loses this generous offer of the city of defensibility, and upon it the majority of the posed sites there are harpies who would pick up of Philadelphia, gone forever is the opportunity commission decides "ihat the two sites may be the land, and interest themselves to make an un When I wanted the floor a few minutes ago, it regarded as equal." I leave it to the House to conscionable bargain with the Government. I was not that I wished the House to understand say whetheribey can fail to determine that League understand that the gentleman does not mean that I was about to make a lengthy speech on the Island artificially and naturally can be made unas, that in reference to New London, by his dis- | subject; not that I desired to advocate League | sailable. My opinion is that immense outlays of claimer, and there is nothing left to reply to. Island because it happened to be located in a por money will be necessary to put Now London' in a
Mr.KELLEY. I did not mean thai. I I know tion of the district lam endeavoring to represent, proper stute of defense. But a few miles from the