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ocean, within range of ibe gannery now in use, Mr. GRINNELL. I ask the gentleman to

Mr. FARNSWORTH. That resolution inwhat, wiib ihe continued improvements, will not yield to me for a moment.

structs the committee absolutely to report such be done? Five or six miles for projecules will not Mr. J. C. ALLEN. Certainly.

a bill. I would suggest to the gentleman to so secure any furt, while armored ships will in defi

modify it as to direct the committee to inquire into

TAX OY DOMESTIC LIQUORS. ance make an attack, and will be secure from dan

the expediency of so doing. gir by ibe power of steum. Mr. Speaker, I have Mr. GRINNELL. I ask unanimous consent Mr. 'HOLMAN. As to the diversion of the suid that the greatest requisites for the location of to introduce a bill to amend section five, chapter | lands which have been appropriated for the pura navy-yard for the construction of iron-clads are one hundred and seventy-three, of the laws of the poses of agricultural colleges in the several States, to be found more fully at League Island than at Thirty-Eighth Congress, to increase the lax on ihat is to be merely a matter of inquiry. But as New London: I will go on further in my en- whisky to be marufuccured.

to the grant of lands for homes to disabled soldeavor to prove this from the report of the com

Mr. HOLMAN. Let the bill be read.

diers in the several States, I have made it impera-, mission.

The bili was read. It enacts that the actreferred tive, and I would prefer to have it go to the come BANKRUPT BILL.

to shall be so amended as that there shall be levied, mittee in that form. Mr. JENCKES. I desire to interrupt the gen

collected, and paid, on all spirits that may be dis- Mr. FARNSWORTH. It is the usual prac

tilled and sold, or distilled and removed for con- tice of the House, I believe, especially at such a tleman from Pennsylvania, and say to him that

sumption or sale, of first proof, on and after July time as this, when we have no time for full conthe final vote on the passage of the bankrupt bill

1, 1864, and prior to Deceinber 15, 1864. a duty of sideration, not to instruct a committee absolutely was postponed from last session until to-day. I

$1 50 on each and every gallon, and on and after to report a bill. I refer to this xs a mere matter of ask the consent of the gentleman from Pennsylvania, and of the House, to take up that matier,

December 15, 1864, a duty of two dollars on each | couriesy to the committee.
and every gallon.

Mr. MORRILL. As the Secretary of the and put the bill upon its passage to-day.

Mr. HOLMAN. I object.

Treasury has referred to the public lands as a There being no objection, the bill (H. R. No.

matter of considerable importatice, in relation to 424) to establish a uniform system of bankrupicy


a sinking fund, I must object to the introduction throughout the United States was taken up for Mr. KELLOGG, of Michigan, by unanimous of this resolution at the present time. action,

consent, introduced a bill to provide for the esMr. JENCKES. By reason of the postpone

Mr. HOLMAN. Is not the gentleman from tablishment of a navy-yard and naval depot at Vermont (Mr. MORRILL) too late with his obment, it becomes necessary to make an alteration Grand Haven, in the State of Michigan; which

jection? in the last section of the bill in reference to the

was read a first and second time, and referred to The SPEAKER. He is too late. But the time when it shall take effect. I move to amend

the Committee on Naval Affairs. by striking out the words “ 1st of September,

gentleman from Illinois (Mr. FARNSWORTH) was 1864,” and inserting " 1st of June, 1865."


in time with his objection.

Mr. FARNSWORTH. I must object, unless The amendment was agreed to.

Mr. SCOFIELD, by unanimous consent, in- the resolution is modified as I have suggested. Mr. CRAVENS. Task the gentleman from troduced a bill making an appropriation for con- Mr. HOLMAN. I will not press it at this Rhode Island to let this bill be postponed lill this tinuing the improvements in the harbor of Erie, time; I will withdraw it. day week.

in the State of Pennsylvania; which was read a Mr. JENCKES. I decline to yield the floor, first and second time, and referred to the Com

OVERLAND CALIFORNIA MAIL. and I move the previous question. mittee on Commerce.

Mr. DAILY. I ask unanimous consent to The previous question was seconded, and the

offer the following resolution:

DUTY ON MINERAL COAL. main question ordered, which was on the passage

Whereas it is charged by Joseph H. Burbank, who was of the bill.

Mr. CHANLER. I ask unanimous consent a bidder at the last letting of the overland California mail Mr. CRAVENS demanded the yeas and nays to offer the following resolution:

service, that the late Postmaster General did him gross on the passage of the bill.

Whereas under the exhaustive plea of military neces.

injustice in this, that he refused or failed to offer him the The yeas and rays were ordered. sily a new and burdensome system of taxation bas been

contract for more than thirty days after he could have easily imposed upon the laboring classes and consumers through

done so, (when there were only ninety days given to preThe question was taken, and it was decided in oui the country: Therefore,

pare for so large a contract,) and after the Postmaster Genthe afhrmative-yeus 76, nays 56, nol voting 50; Resolved, that the Committee of Ways and Means be,

eral did make to said Burbank a direct and explicit offer of as follows: and are lierrliy', requested 10 take prompt'and efficient

said contract, both by telegraph and letter, said Burbank acYEAS-Messrs. Alley, Allison, Amcs, Arnold, Ashley, means to leseen the sufferings of the industrial classes by

cepted the offer immediately and unconditionally, and at a Auga tuy C. Bildwill, John D. Baldwin, Baxter, Beaman, relucing the tax on nuneral coal, now become one of the

large expense commenced preparation for the service, but

when die sent his agent to Washington fully empowered to Blow, Bouiwell, Brandegee, Brooks, James 3. Brown, Chanprime necessities of lite, and to report by bill or otherwise.

formally close up the contract, the late Posimasier General Jer, Ainbrose 11. Clark, Coic, Cresweli, leury Winter Da- Objection was made.

told bin that the contract was given to Ben. Holladay: vis, Thomas T. Davis, Dawes, Deming, Dixon, Drings,

Therefore, Eliot, Luglisi, Farnsworth, Frank, Ginsell, Goochi, Grin


Resolved, 'That, if not inconsistent with the public service, mell. Griswold, Ilorrick, Looper, Asahel W. Hubbard, John 11. Hubbard, Tulburd, Jenckes, Kilsson, Kolley, Francis

Mr. SPALDING, by unanimous consent, in

the Postmaster General be requested to furnish this House

with a full statement of all bids and bidders, letters, and W. K dos, Orlando Kellogg, Keran, King, Knox, Little troduced a bill granting a quarter section of land telegrams, showing to whom and how the letting of the john, Longyear, Marvin, McBride, vcludoe, Samuel F. to every soldier, sailor, and marine, whether cit- contract for the overland California mail was made, and the Miller, Daniel Morris, Norton, Odell, Piko, Pomeroy, Pruyn, izen or alien, who shall have served one year in

evidences of which may be in the Post Office Department. Radiord, Alexander 11. Rice, Jobin II. Rice, Jame: S. Ron lins, Scoticid, Scott, Shannon, Spalding, Sweat, Thayer,

the Army or Navy of the United States during Mr. BROOKS. It is not for me to defend the Townsend, Upson, Van Valkenburgh, Ward, William B.

the war of rebellion; which was read a first and Administration; but it seems to me that the phraseWashburn, Webster, Williams, Windon, and Benjamin second time, and referred to the Committee on ology of that resolution is objectionable. Vood -76. NAYS_Messrs. James C. Allon, William J. Allen, Brily, Public Lands.

Mr. BENNET. I must object to the introduce Blaine, Blair, Bliss, Boyd, Cobb, Cox, Cravens, Dawson,


tion of this resolution until it is so modified as to Denison, Eckley, Eden, Erigerton. Eidrige, Finck, Gartield,

be addressed to the President or directly to the Grider, Harding, llarrington, Ilolman, Ingersoll, Lazear, Le

Mr. DAVIS, of New York, by unanimous con

Postmaster General. Blond, Loan, Long, Vallory, Marcy, McClurg, McDowell, seni, introduced a will relative to the construction

And then, on motion of Mr. B. WOOD, (at McKinney, -Vorrill, James R. Morris, Morrison, Leonard My

and maintenance of a bridge across the Hudson ers, Noble, Charles O'Neill, Jobu O'Neill, Orth, Pendleton,

twenty minutes past three o'clock,) the House Perham, Price, Samuel J. Randall, William 11. Randall, river, at Albany, in the State of New York, and

adjourned. Rogers, Ldward II. Rollins, Ross, Schienek, Smithers, Wil

The establishment of the same as a post route; liam G. Steele, Stevens, Tracy, Wadsworth, Whaley, and which was read a first and second time, and reWil-011455.

ferred to the Committee on the Post Office and
NOT VOTING-Messss. Ancona, Anderson, Broomall,
Williain G. Brown, Freeman Clarke, Clay, Coffroril, Don-
Post Roads.

TUESDAY, December 13, 1864. pelly, Daumont, Fenton, Male, Hall, Benjamin G. Marris,

ST. LOUIS AND IRON MOUNTAIN RAILROAD. Prayer by Rev. Thomas Bowman, D.D., ChapCharles M. Darris, ligby, Notclikiss, Ilutchins, Philip John

lain to the Senate. 2011, William Johnson, Julian, Knoficisch, Knapp, Law. Mc. Mr.BLOW, by unanimous consent, introduced Allister, Middleton, William H. Miller, Moorhead, Amos a bill making a grant of public lands lo aid in the

The Journal of yesterday was read and approved. Myers, Nelson, Patersoni, Perry, Robinson, Sloan, Smith,

CREDENTIALS. Starr, Jolu B. Steele, Stiles, Strouse, Siuari, l'homas,

construction of the St. Louis and Iron Mountain Voorhees, Elihu B. Washburne, Wliceler, Chilton A railroad; which was read a first and second time, Mr. SPRAGUE presented the credentials of White, Josepia W. While, Wilder, Winfield, Fernando and relerred to the Committee on Public Lands. Hon. Henry B. Anthony, chosen by the LegisWood, Woodbridge, and Yeaman–50.

Tuture of the State of Rhode Island a Senator from So the bill was passed.


that Stale for the term of six years, commencing During the roll-call,

Mr. HOLMAN. I ask unanimous consent to March 4, 1865; which were read and ordered to be Mr.WILLIAMS stated that his colleague, Mr. offer the following resolution:

filed. MOORHEAD, was detained at home in conse- Resolved, That it would be just and expedient to set

PETITIONS AND MEMORIALS. quence of sickness in his family.

apurt a portion of the public lands for the benefit of such Mr. ORTH stated that his colleague, Mr.

soldiers of the United States as liave been or shall be per- Mr. SUMNER. I present the petition of Blake,

manently disabled during the present war, and whose cir- Brothers&Co., bankers in Boston and New York, Julian, was confined to his room by sickness. cumstances may require the generous aid of their country; in which they set forth that they were the owners The vote was announced as above recorded. and that the committee on Public Lands be instructed to

of certain certificates of indebtedness of the GovMr.JENCKES moved to reconsider the vote by

report a bill granting to the several States portions of the which the bill was passed, and also moved to lay

public lands, ille proceeds of which shall be applied to the ernment of the United States, amounting to the the motion to reconsider on the table.

cxclusive benefit of such soldiers, either in founding homes sum of $10,000; that these certificates were lost;

for them in their respective States, or otherwise, as the The latter motion was agreed to.

that evidence was furnished to the Treasury Deseveral State Legislatures may detrimine; and that the said committee also inquire into the expediency of pop

partment of the loss, but that down to this day Mr. O'NEILL, of Pennsylvania, resumed the

mitting the several states to apply the proceeds of the pub- they liave not received full compensation for the floor on the question of the naval depot for iron- lic lands ormteil to theiu by the act of Cougress approved loss. They pray Congress to provide a remedy clads, but yielded to

July 2, 185, to the same purpose, or to the support and edMr. J. C. ALLEN, who moved that the House ucation of the orphan children of such soldier as have died

in their special case, and also by further legislaor shall die in the service of the United States during the

lion to protect the interests of persons in such situ. do now adjourn. present war, and to seport by biil or otherwise.

As the questions involved in this petition


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concern the finances and credit of the country, ! Mr. FOSTER. I will ask the honorable Sena- according to the provisions of the act to grant move that it be referred to the Committec on Fi. tor, the chairman of the Committee on Finance, l pensions, approved July 14, 1862, whichopennance. if these are to be armed vessels.

sion is to commence from the 6th of November, The motion was agreed to

Mr. SHERMAN. I understand that revenue 1862. Mr. HOWARD. I beg leave to present the cutters are usually armed with a pivot gun. They

Mr. FOSTER. A short report accompanies petition of the grand and petii jurors of the east- are not vessels of war, nor are they armed like the bill which states the facts. I ask for the readern judicial district of Michigan, praying for ad- naval vessels. They are not in the descriptive ing of the report. ditional compensation for their travel and attend- words of our treaty with Great Britain. They The Secretary read it. It appears from the ance. They complain that the compensation at are usually armed, as I understand, with a light | affidavits and other papers accompanying the present allowed by law is not adequate to pay pivot gun, sufficiently powerful to answer the pur- memorial of the petitioner that the late Captain their expenses in attending court, and that they pose of n revenue cutter, lo stop a vessel or any- Ezekiel Jones began recruiting a company for the are obliged 10 pay a large balance out of their ibing of ihat kind; nothing more.

one hundred and forty-sixth regimeni New York own pockers. I move the 'reference of the peti- Mr. FOSTER. The reason of my inquiry was volunteers in the month of August, 1862; that he lion to the Committee on the Judiciary.

that by an arrangement between the Government | labored incessantly at this duty, and by his overThe motion wis agreed to.

of the United States and the British Government, exertion brought on a fever, with which he was Mr. HOWARD. I present also the memorial if I mistake not, in April, 1817, there were stipu- seized on the 5th of October, 1862, and of which of N. G. Isbell, collector of the port of Detroit, lations in regard to the armed forces which ihe he died on the 6th of November following; that praying relief nyinst the operation of the joint Governments of Great Britain and the United he was not mustered into the service of the United resolution of April 29, 1864, increasing the rate States should have upon the lakes. If these ves- States until the 10th of October, and, therefore, of duties upon imported articles fifty per cent., sels were armed, they would be contrary to the although he was technically in the service at the which I ask may be referred to the Committee | provisions of that arrangement. I made the in- || date of his death, and actually, though not techon Finance.

quiry simply with a view of understanding the || nically, in the service when his disease was conIt was so ordered. facts.

tracted, his case falls without the provisions of Mr. SHERMAN. The Committee on Finance the pension laws. Had he been mustered in five REPORTS FROM COMMITTEES.

considered the arrangement referred to carefully days earlier, or had his system withstood the apMr. SUMNER, from the Committee on For

before reporting the bill. I have it now before proach of the disease for five days longer, his tign Relations, to whom was referred so much me. It provides:

widow, the petitioner, would have been entitled of the President's annual message as relates to

" The naval force to be maintained upon the American

to a pension under existing laws. our foreign relations, reported a bill(S. No. 356) Inkes by his Majesty and the Government of the United

The bill was reported to the Senate without 10 authorize the President of the United States lo States shall henceforth be contined to the following vessels amendment, ordered to a third reading, read the transter a gunboal to the Government of the re- on each side; that is:

third time, and passed. public of Liberia; which was read and passed to

"On Lake Ontario, to one vessel not exceeding one hundred tons burden, and armed with one 18 pound cannon.

MESSAGE FROM TUE HOUSE. a second reading. “ On the upper lakes, to two vessels, not exceeding like

A message from the House of Representatives, REVENUE CUTTERS ON TUE LAKES.

burden each, and armed with like force.
“On the waters of Lake Champlain, to one vessel not

by Mr. McPHERSON, its Clerk, announced that Mr. SHERMAN. The Commillecon Finance, exceeding like burden, and armed with like force.

the House had passed the following bill, in which

“ All other armed vessels on these lakes shall be forthto whom was referred the bill (S. No. 350) LO

the concurrence of the Senate was requested: with clismantied, and no other vessels of war shall be there authorize the purchasc or construction of revenue

A bill (H. R. No. 424) lo establish a uniform built or arīned." cutters on the lakes, direct me to report it back

system of bavkrupicy ihroughout the United with an amendment, and, as there are reasons for

Under this arrangement both parties, both the Slates. its immediale consideration, I will ask the Senate United States and Great Britain, have kept reve

ENROLLED BILLS SIGNED. to act upon it now.

nue cutters on the lakes. We had six sailing There being no objection, the Senate, as in

revenue cutters there, but recenily they have been The message also announced that the Speaker Committee of the Whol, proceeded to consider inefficient, and within the last year

of the House had signed the following enrolled Mr. JOHNSON. Were they armed?

bill and joint resolutions, which thereupon received the bill, which proposes to authorize the Secretary of the Treasury lo construct or purchase|| have mentioned, with one light pivot gun. Five

the signature of the President pro tempore, namely: not exceeding six steam revenue culiers for service on the lakes, and appropriates $1,000,000, or of them, under the direction of the Secretary, were

respecting quarantine and health laws, approved so much thereof as may be necessary, for that broughito the sea coast, and found unsuitable for

February 25, 1799, and for the better execution the service there, and the other was sold. This

of the third section thereof; purpose. The amendment of the Committee on Finance bill simply substitutes steam revenue cutters for

A joint resolution (H. R. No. 106) authorizing was lo insert the words “and aller” afier thie

sailing revenue cutters. I presume they will be the Secretary of the Treasury to dispose of cerword “purchase.” armed in the ordinary way that revenue culters

tain moneys therein mentioned; and The amendment was agreed to. on the ocean are, with some light arm.

A joint resolution (H. R. No. 114) authorizing I will state that the necessity for immediate ac

the Secretary of the Navy to expend a portion The bill was reported to the Senate as amended, tion is that two vessels were chartered during the

of the contingent fund for enlarging the Navy Deand the amendment was concurred in.

last summer for service on the lakes; the charter partment building. Mr. SHERMAN. I will ask for the reading has expired; and the Secretary of the Treasury

BANKRUPT BILL. of a letter from the Secretary of the Treasury on desires to either purchase or construct vessels, so this subject.

The bill (H.R. No. 424) lo establish a uniform The Secretary read the letter, as follows: that they may be ready for service at the open

system of bankruptcy throughout the United ing of navigation.

States, was read iwice by its tiile, and, on motion
December 8, 1864. The bill was ordered to be engrossed for a

of Mr. Foster, referred to the Committee on the Sir: I have the lionor to acknowledge the receipt of third reading, read the third time, and passed. Judiciary. your letter of the 7111 instant, requesting information as lo ihe number of revenilie cutters now on the lakes, their


JUAN MIRANDA. chiciency, and the necessity for thir increase.

Mr. WILSON asked, and by unanimous con

Mr. CARLILE. A bill (S. No. 238) to ascerThe number of cutters beretofore maintained on the northeru lakes was sir. They were sailing vessels, and

sent obtained, leave to introduce a joint resolu- tain and selile certain private land claims in the of nucli build and rig as to prevent their cruising witli etli- tion (S. No. 82) to encourage enlistments, and

State of California, reported from the Committee ciency: (1.1861 live of them were directed to be brought

promote the efficiency of the military forces of on Public Lands, was, before the adjournment of down th. St. Lawrence to the Atlantic coast, in the hope that they might be used advantageouely in the preventive

The United States; which was read wice by its the last session, made the order of the day for this service. One was leat upon the lakes, but found to be lille, referred to the Committee on Military Af- day. I understand from the Senator from Caliworthless, and sold. During the last winiera contract was fairs and the Militia, and ordered to be printed. fornia, (Mr. Conness,) whom I have consulted, made with parties to build an efficient steamer for revenue

this being a California matter, that he would preservice on Like Cric, which vessel is so nearly completed

REFERENCE OF PRESIDENT'S MESSAGE. that her trial trip has been ordered for to dry. This is the

for the bill should go over and be made the special only sdramar belonging to the Government applicable lo

On motion of Mr. LANE, of Kansas, it was order for some subsequent day of the session; and, rivenue purposes on all the lakes.

Ordered, That so mucli of the President's message as with the approbation of the Senate, I suggest, if The tricesity, linsever, for preventing smuglingalong relates to foreign immigration be referred to the Comunit- it meets the views of the Senator from California, our northern frontier, which ile Government has saulista tee on Agriculture. tory evidence is carried on to a great extent, induced the Sec

that the 10th day of next month be fixed for its

DEBORAH JONES. reury to elarter two teaners for temporary service, one

consideration. on Lake Erir and one on Lake Ontario. One of these ves- Mr. FOSTER. I move that the Senate pro- Mr. CONNESS. I am informed this morning sels was last on entering the harbor of Cleveland, and the ceed to the consideration of House bill No. 465. by a citizen of that State, deeply concerned in the charter of the other has expired and she lins gone out of

It came to the Senate during the last session, was passage of this bill, that he comes here with im. I therefore recommend that authority be given to build referred to the Commitee on Pensions, and has portalit facts and papers that relate directly to it, or purebast: five eficient steam vessels for the use of the been reported back. It was my impression that which were not before the Senate last year, when revenue duparuneul on the northern lakes, wlicli, in addi

it passed during the last session. It is a very it was considered, and have never been before the 11on to the one just completed, will make tlie number of cutters previously employeil.

short bill, and there is a short report connected commiliee which reported it. For this reason, I It is possible that ine number here recommended may with ii.

prefer at present, if ihe Senator will consent, that not all be required. The great lengtis of the con-t to be The motion was agreed to, and the Senate, as ihe bill be taken up and recommitted to the Comguarded, and in some parts its close proximity to the Cana- in Committee of the Whole, proceeded to con- mittee on Public Lands, before which committee diant store, demand constant vigilance, and the proper au. thority simuld be conferred meet all contingencies.

sider the biil (H. R. No. 465) for the relief of this gentleman, and indeed both parties to the case possible sueh vessels should be completed and com

Deborah Jones. li authorizes the Secretary of can appear, and by which it can be reëxamined. missioned by the opening of navigation.

the Interior to place the name of Deborah Jones, The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The first quesTam, very respectfully, your obedient servant,

the widow of the late Captain Ezekiel Jones, of tion will be on taking up the bill.
Secretary of the Treasury.

the county of Oneida, New York, upon the pen. Mr. CONNESS. While I am up, I desire to Hon. Jonix SHER:IAN.

li silu roll, at liic rate of i wenty dollurs per monih, ll say to the Senator, and to the Senate, that I feel


upon this question that I have performed nearly in the.construction of certain railroads in the Francis W. Kellogu, King, Knox, Loan, Marvin, McBride, my whole daty in the premises. The Legislature State of California; which was read a first and Meilury, Micindoe, voorhead, Morrill, Daniel Morris, of the State that I in part represent here passed second lime, and referred to the selectcommittee

Amos Mitrs, Leonard Myers, Charles O'Neill, Onth, Pat

BTson, Irrham, Pike, Price, William II. Randall, Alexresolutions against the passage of the bill, and on the Pacific railroud.

iudir Il Rice, Jom ll. Rice, Edward II. Rollins, Scoreld, those resolutions were presented, and I causcu


Still, Spalding, Tracy, Upson, Van Valkenburgli, Elina them to be read to the Senate, and in all other re

B. "Visiburnr, William B. Washburn, Wheeler, Wilson, spects I feel that i have excelled my diity in the Mr. COLE, of California, asked unanimous

and IV'indomi --G6.

NAYS-M98. James C. Allen, Ancona, Ashley, Au. premises; but in view of the new faces that are lo consent to introduce a bill to establish a Mining

gus!!1 C. Baldwin. Beaman, Bliss, Blow, Brooks, Broombe presented, I think it is the duty of the Senate Department, and moved its reference to a seleci

all, James S. Brown, Chanler, Cox, Henry Winter Davis, to refer the bill, and my own duty to move that it

committee on mining, to consist of seven mem- Dawson, Denison, Eden, Edgerton, Eldridge, Englisli, be referred again to the committee, so that it may bers.

Finck, Ganson, Griswold, llarding, Ilarrington, Hurrick, be fully examined and reported upon again.

Mr. BROOKS. I ask for the reading of the bill.

Holman, Julian, Keruan, Kuapp, liw, Lazear, Le Blond,

Long, Longyear, Mallory, Marey, McAllister, McDowell, Mr. JOHNSON. I agree with the Senator

The bill was read.

Samuel F. Miller, William H. Miller, James K. Morris, from California. No doubt he is right in saying Mr. BROOKS. Thave no objection to the sub- Noble, Odell, John O'Neill, Pendleton, Pomeroy, Radisch, that there are papers before the Senate now which ject being taken under consideration by a special

Samuel J. Randall, Roger, Ross, Schenck, Seoul, Sloan,

Smith, Smithers, Starr. Jolin B. Steele, "Villiam G. Sterle, were not before the committee on the former committee, if there can also be referred an inquiry

Stevens, Stiles, Townsend, Wadsworth, I Villiams, Wilder, occasion, and that the bill had better be referred as to the modes and means of obtaining a revenue Benjamin Wood, and Yeaman-66. back to the Committee on Private Land Claims from the mines, as well as the whole question of

NOT VOTING-Ve-Si's. William J. Allen, Anderson, or the Committee on Public Lands, that the whole mining. If the whole subject can go to a special

Arnold, Baily, Brandegee, William G. Brown, Clay, Cor matter may be again examined. committee I think it should have the considera

froth, Cravens, Creswell, Thomas T. Davis.Driges, Dumoni,

Fenton, Frank, Grider, Hale, Hall, Benjamin G. Siarris, The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The question

tion of the House. We ought not to incur ex- Charles M. Harris, llotelikins, Ilutulins, Philip Johnson, is on the motion that the Senate take up the bill. | penditures without obtaining some revenue. William Johnson, Kalbflei-ci, Orlando Killoug, Littlejohn, The motion was agreed to.

Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. I ask the

Mckinney, Middleton, Morrison, N10, Narion, Berry,

Prtyn, Robinson, James S. Rolins, Stron-, Stuart, Sweat, The PRESIDENT pro tempore. Now the Sengentleman from California to send it to the Com

Thayer, Thomas, Voorbres, Ward, Webster, Whaley, ator from Virginia moves that the bill be post

mittee on Public Lands. What is the use of a Chilton A. White, Josepi W. White, Winticid, Fernando poned

reference to a special committee when we have a Wood, and Woodbridge-50. Mr. CARLILE. I withdraw that motion.

standing committee on the same subject? But I The SPEAKER recorded his vote in the negaMr. CONNESS. I move to recommit the bill am opposed to the wliole scheme.

tive, so that the motion to reconsider was not to the Committee on Public Lands.

Mr. COLE, of California. There is no pur- laid on the table. The motion was agreed to.

pose in this bill to lake charge of the mineral Mr.J. C. ALLEN. I desire to state to the

lands, but only to promote the development of the House my reason for moving to reconsider. It EXECUTIVE SESSION.

minerals, and a special committee should have embraces a subject which, I think, properly beOn motion of Mr. TEN EYCK, the Senate charge of it.

longs to the committee on rebellious States, as proceeded to the consideration of executive busi

Mr. WADSWORTH. I object.

well in reference to Louisiana asiny other of the ness; and after some time spent therein the doors

The SPEAKER. Then the bill is not before

rebellious States. I hope, therefore, the House were reopened, and the Senate adjourned. the House.

will reconsider its vole of this morning. PRINTING OF TREASURY REPORT.

Mr. ELIOT. In this connection I desire simHOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. Mr. A. W. CLARK, by unanimous consent,

ply to say that, when I selected the Committee

on the Judiciary as the proper committee to which TUESDAY, December 13, 1864. submitted the following resolution; which was

this resolution should be referred, it was done for read, considered, and under the rules referred 10 The House met at twelve o'clock, m. Prayer the Committee on Printing:

two reasons: first, because as a standing committee by the Chaplain, Rev. W. H. CHANNING.

it seemed to be the proper one for an examination The Journal of yesterday was read and approved.

Resolned, That fifteen hundred copies of the report of the of this question; and, secondly, because a bill,

Secretary of the Treasury, with the accompanying docu- looking to ihe same subject, had been referred to RELIEF OF AMERICAN SEAMEN. mients, and one hundred and fifty copies of the estimates

the Commit:ee on the Judiciary. of appropriations be printed for the use of the Treasury The SPEAKER, by unanimous consent, laid Department.

I had no reason to suppose, nor have I any reabefore the House a report of the State Depart


son to believe, that the resululion will receive any ment, transmitting returns of United States col

other treatment than the kindest at the hands of lectors relative to the relief and protection of

Mr. SLOAN, by unanimous consent, intro- the committee on the rebellious Slates; nor have American seamen; which was referred to the

duced a bill to provide for the establishment of a I any reason to believe that there are gentlemen Committee on Commerce, and ordered to be

navy-yard and naval depot at Milwaukee, in the upon that committee who would be opposed to printed.

State of Wisconsin; which was read a first and the principles of the resolution. I am as well EXTRA PAY OF HOUSE EMPLOYÉS.

second time, and referred to the Committee on satisfied to have the resolution referred to the Naval Affairs.

committee on the rebellious States as to the ComThe SPEAKER also laid before the House a letter from the Clerk of the House, explanatory POLITICAL RELATIONS OF LOUISIANA-AGAIN.

mittee on the Judiciary. It was determined in my

own mind to refer it to the Committee on the Juof his reasons for failing to execute a resolution Mr. J. C. ALLEN. Mr. Speaker, I move to diciary for the reasons I have stated. As I have of the House adopted on the last day of the last reconsider the vote by which a joint resolution, no objection, I therefore hope the House will at session, relative io additional compensation of introduced by the gentleman from Massachusetts, once refer the matter to the commitiee proposed employés of the House; which was read, referred [Mr. Eliot,j declaring that the State of Louisi- | by the gentleman from Illinois. to the Committee of Ways and Means, and or- ana may resume its political relations with the The question recurred on reconsidering the dered to be printed.

Governincnt of the United States was referred vote by which the bill was referred to the CommitRECORDING VOTES ON BANKRUPT BILL.

this morning to the Committee on the Judiciary. tee on the Judiciary, and being put, it was decided

I only ask that the motion be entered. I do it in the affirmative. Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. I ask unanimous consent to record my vole on the passage for the purpose of having the resolution referred

The question recurring on the motion to refer to the committee on the rebellious States, where of the bankrupt bill, on which the vote was taken

the resolution to the Committee on the Judiciary, I think it properly belongs.

Mr. J. C. ALLEN moved that it be referred yesterday.

Mr. ELIOT. I would say in reply that there to the committee on the rebellious States. Leave was granted; and Mr. WASHBURNE, of has been a bill on the same general subject already Illinois, voted in the negative.

The motion to refer to a standing committee of referred to the Committee on the Judiciary, and Messrs. Stiles, Ancona, Muller of Pennsyl

the House having preference, it was first put and it is highly desirable that examination should be decided in the negative. vania, KNAPP, Law, and A. Myers, obtained

had by cliat committee of a matter of so much similar leave, and voted in the negative.

So the House refused to refer the resolution to Messrs. SLOAN, Wilder, and STARR, obtained

importance. It is one of the standing committees the Committee on the Judiciary.

of ihis House. I move that the motion to recon- The resolution was then referred to the select similar leave, and voted in the affirmative. sider be laid on the table.

commillee on the rebellious States. POLITICAL RELATIONS OF LOUISIANA.

Mr. J. C. ALLEN demanded the yeas and Mr. J. C. ALLEN moved that the vote last Mr. ELIOT, by unanimous consent, intronays.

taken be reconsidered, and also moved that the duced a joint resolution declaring that the State

The yeas and nays were not ordered, there motion to reconsider be laid on the table. of Louisiana may resume its political relations

being, on a division, only eighteen in the affirma- The latter motion was agreed to. with the Government of the United States; which

tive. was read a first and second time, and referred to Mr.J.C. ALLEN demanded tellers on the nays

VOTES ON TIIE BANKRUPT BILL. the Committee on the Judiciary.

Mr. YCAMAN. I rise to a privileged quesTeilers were ordered, and Messrs.J.C. ALLEN tion. I yesterday voted distinctly in the negative SELECTIONS OF LAND IN CALIFORNIA. and Elior were appointed.

on the passage of the bankrupt bill, as some of the Mr. COLE, of California, by unanimous con- The yeas and nays were ordered, the tellers clerks distinctly remember. My vole is not resent, introduced a bill to confirm to the State of having reported thirty-three in the affirmative, corded, and I ask that it inay be done. California selections of land made in part satisfacmore than one filth of those present.

No objection being made, ihe vote was recorded tion of donations by Congress; which was read a The question was taken, and there was a tie as requested. first and second time, and referred to the Com- vote-yeas 66, nays 66, not voting 50; as follows: Mr. MOORHEAD. I was detained from the mittec on Public Lands.

YEAS-Messrs. Alley, Allison, Aines, John D. Baldwin, House yesterday by sickness in my family. I

Baxter, Blainc, Blair, Bouiwell, Boyd, Ambrose w.Clark, ask consent to have my name recorded in the AID TO RAILROADS IN CALIFORNIA.

Freeman Clarke, Cobb, Cole, Dawes, Deming, Dixon,
Mr. COLE, of California, also, by unanimous
Donnelly, Eckley, Eliot, Farnswortli, Garfield, Gooeli,

affirmative on the bankrupt bill.
Grinnell, Ilighy, llooper, Asahe vo'llabharud John II.

No objection being made, the voic was recorded consent, introduced a bill granting lands to aid Hubbard, llulburd, Ingersoll, Jenckes, Kisson, Kelley, as requested.

and nays.

| Mr. O'NEILL, of Pennsylvania. Mr. Speaker,


Pennsylvania, was entitled to the floor for twenty- || argued by my friend from Connecticut [Mr. Bran: Mr. CHANLER asked unanimous consent to three minutes.

DEGEE] very extensively. The majority decides introduce the following resolution:

that the depth of water at both places-New LonResolved, that the Committce of Ways and Means be,

the few remarks I made yesterday were on the don and League Island -is sufficient for the acand is hereby, requested to take prompt and elicient means

point of the indefensibility of the harbor of New commodation of any vessel of our Navy. My to reduce the lax on mineral coal, which bears with un- London and the entire defensibility of the Dela- | colleagues, [Mr. Kelley and Mr. Moorhead,] due severity on the laboring classes throughout the coun- ware river, especially at League Island. I shall try, and report by bill or otherwise.

in their very convincing minority report from endeavor to-day to prove, almost entirely from the the Committee on Naval Affairs, tell you of this Mr. STEVENS. If the gentleman will mod- report of this commission, that League Island is

abundant supply of water at League Island. The ify his resolution so as to instruct the committee better in every respect, as a location for a navy- Secretary of the Navy, in his annual report which to inquire into the expediency of doing so, I will yard for the construction of iron-clads, than any has been so much referred to, tells you also of its not object.

Other point which has been named for that pur- twenty-three feet of depth of water. What better Mr. CHANLER. Certainly I will.

pose before the Committee on Naval Affairs of testimony than this does the House need? We Mr. STEVENS. If the resolution absolutely the House.

do not pretend to say here that the Delaware river instructs the committee, I object.

Mr. Speaker, let me call your attention and that is the deepest river on the continent. Nor do I The resolution being modified as requested, of the House for a moment to the report of the pretend to assert that it can be navigated a diswas received, and adopted by unanimous consent. Secretary of the Navy. I shall then go on and iance of eighty or ninety miles as quickly and PUNISHMENT OF CRIME IN TIIC DISTRICT.

endeavor to establish my view of this case from ) easily as the five or six miles that intervene the report of the naval commission. This House, between New London and the ocean..

No one Mr. WILSON, by unanimous consent, intro- I know, is ready to do justice to the integrity, the mukes such an allegation before the House. duced a bill to amend an act entitled “An act patriotism, and the unselfishness of the Secretary But we tell you that now, when steam and iron for the punishment of crime in the District of of the Navy. He, I am proud to say, stands are driving wooden and sailing vessels out of the Columbia," approved March 2, 1831; which was above any local prejudices, and is influenced only | Navy, a distance of seventy or cighty miles of read a first and second time by its title.

by a desire to subserve the interests of the coun- navigation is of very little practical consequence. The bill provides that the second section of try and to promote the efficiency of the naval ser- I say I will not argue that that distance can bo said act shall be so amended as to provide that vice, and to do whatever may lie within his power || navigated as quickly as a distance of five or six every person duly convicted of manslaughter, or to bring us out of this war with a naval power miles; but I do argue that, in view of its greater any assault with intent to kill, shall be sentenced sufficient for any purposes of any war hereafter | defensibility, League Island is a better location to imprisonment at labor for the first offense, for to come upon us.

for a naval depot than New London. I have a period not less than two nor more than eight Now, Mr. Speaker, it cannot be urged that | heard, and I believe, that a high officer in the years; and for a second offense, not less than six Philadelphia has any selfish view in desiring to engineering department of the Government-an nor more than fifteen years.

have this naval station within her municipal lim- officer at the very head of that department, if not The bill was ordered to be engrossed and read its. She made the tender to the Government of its very head-after having looked over the maa third time; and being engrossed, it was accord- this territory of League Island after it had been || jority and minority reports of the Naval Comingly read the third time, and passed.

suggested by the Secretary of the Navy in his mittee, and having investigated the subject, has Mr. WILSON moved that the vote last taken earlier reports that a naval station for iron-clads stated to a distinguished member of Congress that be reconsidered, and also moved that the motion lo was necessary. It was made not with any view New London harbor cannot be defended unless reconsider be laid on the table.

of promoting the interests of private speculators; by the construction of a line of defenses exiendThe latter motion was agreed to.

it was not made at the promptings of private in- || ing five or six miles continuous and unbroken to NAVAL DEPOT ON THE LAKES. terests; it was a noble and disinterested offer of

the ocean.

Let us, therefore, come down calmly Mr. BROWN, of Wisconsin, asked unanimous

that great metropolis to the Government of the and reasonably to the facts of the case, and not

United States for the purpose of having this navy- allow ourselves to be turned away from them by consent to introduce the following resolution:

yard established in the location best fitted for it. side questions as to local interests. Resolverl, That there be appointed by the Speaker a se- I believe the people of New London afterwards will now pass to another point, and will yet lect committee of seven, to whom, during this session, shall be referred all motious, resolutions, and petitions relative

tendered a portion of territory of that city or in ask the attention of members to the report of the to a naval depot on the lakes, whose duty it sliall be lo select

the neighborhood of it for the same purpose. No commission, the report of the Secretary of the the most suitable site on the lakes for such naval depot, gentleman upon this floor has protested against Navy, and the report of my colleagues from the and report by bill or otherwise.

that. I say again that I cannot consent to the minority of the Naval Committee, and the report, Mr. SPALDING and Mr. Stevens objected. question of locality controlling the minds of mem- in some respects, of the majority of that commit

bers. I cannot consent that we shall bring into tee. They will satisfy the House, I am sure, that GOODS IN PUBLIC STORES.

this House the issue of where the members of the Navy Department has taken the proper view Mr. STEVENS asked unanimous consent to

this commission came from, or where the inter- of the case in endeavoring, within the last three introduce a bill to extend the lime allowed for the

ests of the members of the Naval Committee might years, to locute the naval depot for iron-clads at withdrawal of certain goods therein named from lead them. I stand above all that, and I hope a place where there is no sali water. Well, Mr. the public stores.

the IIouse will decide this measure solely upon | Speaker, as to the freshness of the water. The The bill was read for information.

its merits, and not in view of the interests of any majority of the commission on this subject say Mr. BROWN, of Wisconsin. l object to that. section of the country.

that the supply of fresh water at League Island is The SPEAKER. Then the bill is not before

Upon turning to a paragraph in the recent unquestionable. The report speaks of New Lonthe House.

report of the Secretary of the Navy it will be don having an abundant supply near it-1 mile PRIVATE LAND CLAIMS IN ARIZONA. seen that it is not the design of the Navy De- | north; but the shores of League Island are washed Mr. POSTON, by unanimous consent, intro-partment to recommend that any new navy-yard || by fresh water. It is at the confluence of two

streams, the Delaware river and the Schuylkill duced a bill to provide for the settlement of pri- shall be located, much less that it is the intenvate land claims in the Territory of Arizona;

tion of the Department to locate a new yard where river, having also at the north of it a channel two which was read a first and second time by its

none already exists. This is a question of ex- hundred feet in width. title, and referred to the Committee on Private

tending a navy-yard, not of creating a new one. Then look at the facilities presented by League Land Claims.

Congress is only asked to authorize the transfer Island in regard to the supply of materials used

of the Philadelphia navy-yard from its present in the building of ships. There you have the MESSAGE FROM TIU SENATE.

location to League Island for the purpose of | Schuylkill region empiying its treasures of iron A message from the Senate, by Mr. Forney, erecting there a naval station for building iron- and coal. You have the Delaware river bringing its Secretary, informed the House that the Senate clads. It is a question of substitution and trans- there the timber and conl of the Lehigh valley; had passed, without amendment, bill of the House fer, and not one of a new yard, and the geutle- while from the Susquehanna you carry to it the No. 465, for the relief of Deborah Jones; also, man from Connecticut [Mr. BRANDEGEE) is well same exhaustless resources of Pennsylvania. By that the Senate had passed a bill (No. 350) to aware of that fact. It is not remarkable that the railroad, canal, and river everything required in authorize the purchase or construction of revenue Secretary of the Navy, who knows what the the building of iron-clad vesseis can be brought cutters on the lakes; in which he was directed to wants of the Navy are, and is constantly in con- to the very point where the Srcretary of the Navy ask the concurrence of the House.

sultation with those who know its requirements, recommends the establishment of this depot. Mr. HOLMAN called for the regular order of should have recommended the selection of this To be sure you can have all these materials business.

location at League Island in the river Delaware. carried to New London also. You can have them

Almost from the date of his first report down to carried there from New York, a distance of at NAVAL DEPOT FOR IRON-CLADS.

this time he has urged upon Congress the act- least one hundred and fifty miles. The distance The House resumed, as the regular order of ual necessity of establishing such a naval depot, | between New York and New London is greater', business, the consideration of the bill (H. R. No. and has not wavered from his earliest impressions ! I believe, than that between Philadelphia and New 536) authorizing a survey at and near New Lon- as to the proper site for its establishmeni. I take York by some fifiy miles. But will this blouse don, Connecticul, and the establishment of a it for granted that he has examined thoroughly go into the business of " carrying coal to Newnavy-yard for iron-clad vessels thereat, the pend- the majority and minority reports of the naval castle?" Will it vote in favor of putting the ing question being upon the following substitute commission; that he has not overlooked the ma- country and the Navy Department to an extraorproposed by Mr. KELLEY:

jority nnd minority reports of the Committee on dinary expense for transporting hundreds of thouStrike out all after the enacting clause, and insert: Naval Affairs, and that from other testimony he sands of tons of coal from its natural bed in the

That the Secretary of the Navy be, and he is liereby, authorized aud directed to accept from the city of Phila

has year by year become more fully confirmed State of Pennsylvania to New London, some delphia a title to League Island on behalf of the Govern

in his opinion that League Island is the desirable Three hundred miles away? Will you favor such ment, is said title be perfect, and to establish thereat a locality:

a proposition? Why, in that one item alone, the navy-yard aud depot for the construction, docking, and re- But, Mr. Speaker, on page 13 of the report of expense involved, at the present rate of charges pair of iron, irun-clad, and other vessels.

this commission a proposition in reference to for transportation, would be coormous. The SPEAKER stated that Mr. O'Neill, of Il depth of water is discussed. That point has been . So, Mr. Speaker, in regard to iron; you may

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take it from any part of Pennsylvania. I speak New York than Philadelphia is. It is only one Mr. Speaker, there is one other point to which of Pennsylvania in that respect, being better ac- hundred and fifty miles removed from the skilled I wish to refer--chat with regard to the buildig quainted with its resources, perhaps, than with workmen of New York. My friend, and the ma

of docks and wharves. Sir, you cannot have a ihose of other States. And you must of neces- jority report of this naval commission, say that navy-yard upon the shore line of a river. If you sity carry it either by railroad or canal from one skilled workmen will go to New London. You select New London, you will not bring your veshundred and fifiy to two hundred miles further will build a large city at New London, in time, sels to the rough shore line. You must have docks in going to New London than in going to League no doubt. So you may. It has taken nearly and wharves for their reception. Wherever navyIsland; to the latter place you have the iwo two hundred years to build the city of Philadelyards have been established, either at Philadel rivers, besides railroads and canals. This is phia; two hundred years has its population been phia, Brooklyn, or Charlestown, all have docks, looking at the financial view of the subject:

creasing, until it now numbers over six hun- wharves, and other artificial facilities. There Now, Pennsylvania does not ask anything of dred thousand souls. I will not attempt to dem- must be means of protectou for vessels building this House; Philadelphia does not ask anything onstrate how long it will take New London to or repairing, conveniences for getting to and from of this House; we do not come here to 'solicit become a great city, and to contain a population them-all kinds of facilities must be placrd there this as a boon. No member of the delegation in which will be found ten thousand skilled work by artificial means. Whal,then, when you come will crave this of you-will beg for this thing. men. It will take you a long while to get up this to dig fifty and sixiy feet into hard rock, will be It is the location decided upon by the Navy De- great city; the present rebellion will be crushed,

the resuli? When you begin to excavale ile partment; it is the location almost recommended wars withi England and France and the conti- solid rock at New London for wharves and docks, in plain words by those who have been allempl- nental Powers will be fought out before New how enormous will be the expense in comparison ing to impress upon you erroneous views of this London will grow to the size of a respectable with the expense of filling up two or three feet subject by the naval commission.

city, or grow to such an extent as to attract work- upon the soil of League Island, should that be And I again ask you to read the documents men from Philadelphia, with the comforts of lite necessary! Is not the statement of ihe facts an which have been placed before you for the last which they can obtain there, or even to draw them unanswerable argument? two or three years. I think they alone would from New York.

Compare, sir, the culting downofsolid rock filliy convince the House that the country needs League Now, Mr. Speaker, I desire to say something and sixty fect, with the expense of filling up a Island. Sir, there have been other questions as to the alleged difficulty of vessels getting in and few feet! Men who have been interested in raised by these gentlemen, and I will beg leave out of the Delaware river to and from League railroads will tell you that rock excavation is to say here that I do not know whether a com- Island, should it be selected as the location. Why, costly to a great degree. The cost of filling up mission of naval officers is the best means of in- sir, you cannot, of course, get large vessels up a these two or three leel on League Island would formation in this instance, and from which we long river in an hour or two. You cannot rush be merely nominalin comparison, and no one will can receive the most practical ideas. I will take to the city of Philadelphia with a fleet in a few deny that at New London there will have to be ihe testimony of a naval officer as to the propri- hours. But I will tell you what you can do.

excavation of rock for docks and wharves and ety of building this or that kind of vessel, of using When you have built iron-clads at Philadelphia, other necessary works for a navy-yard. steam or sails, or of constructing iron or wooden you can get them out; you can get them to their Mr. Speaker, I do not and I have not looked ships; but when it comes to the matter of faci | destination; you can save just one hundred and upon this proposition from a mere local point of of selecting a site for a building, of testifying twenty miles of the rough coast of New Jersey,

I have not been elected, or reelected, to whether such or such soil is proper or not proper | along which you must take them to the southern Congress, nor have my colleagues, on any issue for laying foundations for buildings, I think the waters, if they be built at New London; you can connected with the establishment of a navy-yard view of practicul men, men living on the land, who save the anxiety of the families of officers and at League Island. There is, and has been, no lohave passed their lives on it, builders, might per- men in monitors and iron-clads, who in times past cal issue on the subject. We and the citizens haps be more qualified to give a clearer judgment l have in some instances looked in vain for the ar- of Philadelphia are only interested in iis estabthan the officer,

rival of those ships at their destined ports. You lishment there because we are well satisfied that Now, in regard to the soil of League Island. I can take them down this quiet, placid river, and it is the very best place. I do not think we can know what it is from having been on that island take them out of it through twenty-three feet of do better than accept the reports of the Secretary many times. It is located within the limits of

water, over bars which, as the gentleman says, of the Navy as 10 the desirability of League Isithe second congressional district of Pennsylvania. we have in that river. You have never failed to and for a naval station. He has insisted upon it Many of my constituents live upon it, and have do it. My word for it, you have never failed to again and uguin, and if we adopt his views l'ihink farms upon it. It is farming land. There is the || bring to the city of Philadelphia any vessel which,

we will satisfy the whole country. soil, where it has been for years, and for a long for purposes of commerce or trade, or for national I believe, sir, every private ship-yard in the land period of time never has had any of the water of purposes, it was desirable to bring there. has been building iron-clad vessels for our Nary. ihe Schuylkill or ofthe Delaware flowing upon it. li is true, of course, that a few inches of water Some which have been ordered by the Goverument Those who live there know this; and such is the may make a difference. If the bed of the river are yet unfinished. The gentleman froin Conexperience of men who, for a lifetime, have farmed is of rock it would make a material difference. necticut (Mr. BrANDEGEE) asks, why was not it, and gathered yearly crops from it.

But, sir, here is the bed of this Delaware river of this navul depot built years ago? Why was it And ihen its distance from the working popu. soft mud or clay that will yield five or six or seven not done within the lasi iwo years? Why have lation is another argument which has been forced inches. If you have a vessel drawing twenty- we noi had a navy-yard for iron-clads before? upon us. Why, sir, many a man now employed three feet of water, or even more, you can bring | Because, sir, of such arguments as have been used ai the navy-yard in Philadelphia walks that dis- it safely to the Philadelphia navy-yard, and some- in the majority report of the naval commission tance to his home in other directions. The city what easier to League Island. The naval com- and the report of the majority of the Committee is vast in its extent; it covers a vast territory, mission, whose majority report seems to have

on Naval Attairs. It was because of an effort to perhaps a vaster territory than any other city in been the basis of the action of the majority of the persuade members of Congress that we have no this country. Men who get their living by labor Naval Committee, does not deny this.

place for a naval station except New London. walk miles to perform it, excepting when they Mr. Speaker, I cheerfully take anything into if Congress two years ago had passed an act auare aided by the street-car system; and if you consideration which has been said by the older || thorizing the construction of a navy-yard for irunbuild this navy-yard at League Island, just as is officers of the Navy. I will noi cease to admire

clads at the point indicated by the Secretary of the case near the present yard, you will soon have those men; I will not cease to think that they the Navy nearly all of these unfinished vessels the neighborhood built up with cottages such as are among the heroes of this country. I will not

would have been completed or near completion, are built in Philadelphia, in which our working forget the services of Rear Admiral Smith, of Rear and we would be able to bring this war sooner people live and have their homes. It is but i wo Admiral Paulding, of Rear Admiral Gregory, of lo a termination. But this has not been done, no and a half miles from the Baltimore depot. You Rear Admiral Siringham. But the experience

pavy-yard has been built, and Congress is recan walk the distance in an hour, or in less than of those men in their active lives was with wooden || sponsible, and not the Navy Department, for the au hour.

vessels with sails, of which our Navy a few years neglect. Then, in regard to the objection relating to the ago consisted, as did all the navies of the world. Now, Mr. Speaker, I am merely going to rehealth of the people living on that island, and in They perhaps might not have liked to come up peat a few of ine arguments I have advanced. that vicinity. Why, sir, ihe health of those the Delaware river with a sailing ship, for in

My intention has been to present the matter in a ple is proverbial. It is not an unhealthy district | doing so they may have been delayed.

practical point of view. There has been before of Philadelphia. I have never heard of any pre- The river is long and winding. I do not won- the House a great deal of scientific discussion. I vailing sickness in this locality, and I think my der that these officers may have a prejudice in do not propose to enterinto it. I propose lo leave colleagues will bear me out in the statement. We | their minds against the Delaware river, and that that out entirely. I need not inform ihe members do not know how such an idea could have got therefore they may have been disposed to throw

of the House ofthe necessity that iron ships should into the heads of this commission, or the minds their influence against League Island as a loca

be built for the Navy. I do not think any one of this Naval Committee. The workingmen of tion for a navy-yard. Sir, chose are men whose controverts ibat fact. Now we can have such a Philadelphia will find their health at and near experience has not been with vessels constructed || navy-yard only in fresh water, in deep water, and League Ísland, the same as those have found it | largely of steel and iron. The views of those for economy, near the materials uscd in the conwho have lived in that vicinity heretofore, uni- gentlemen are views adopted forty or fifty years struction of the proposeu vessels. We must have formly good.

ago. They are gullant men all of them. Thope thal navy-yard for iron-clads near a population And, Mr. Speaker, more than ten thousand they may continue to live to adorn the Navy, which can rapidly furnish the requisite mechan. skilled workmen live near there; skilled work- and that they may have the opportunity of ren

ical skill. We must look to ull of these means, men in every respect, especially in all the metals dering service at our various naval stations, and and, so far as I have seen and been able to examand in wood. They constitute a body of men in other positions of responsibility: I honor those ine, we can secure them better at Leugue Island perhaps as skilled as uny body of men in the men; but, sir, I camoi, at this day, in view of than ut any other pome named. There, within country', ten thousund of them, equal to the en- the modern improvements in naval architecture, the city of Philudelphia, you have nearly six huntire population of New London. Oh, yes; the deen it an important question whether their opin- dred ucres of land, nearly every acre of which is skilled workmen of the country would go to New ions are favorable or unfavorable to the location suitable for being built upon. It may be necesLondon! New London is fitty miks further from ll of the proposed navy-yard at League Island. sury lu duve pilus, bui il is better to drive piles


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