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in a yielding soil for the purposes of machinery I find again that the action of sea weather and But the gentleman from Connecticut, and those than to excavate solid foundations into the hard
sea water upon the surface of iron is not regular; who argue on his side of this question, and the rock. That is the evidence of all men who are that in some places the corrosion will scarcely be commission also, I believe, propose various skilled in these things. There can be no doubt
while in other places it will be very material; means of avoiding this dilliculty of salt water at about that. Besides, you have given to you two that in some instances the iron upon the same plate New London. They propose, in the first place, miles of water front upon two broad rivers, the will corrode away three times as inst as the aver- that vessels when lot in use shall be raised out Delaware upon one side, and the Schuylkill on age, and in other instances scarcely be corroded of the water. I suppose the idea is to elevate the other. League Island seems, indeed, to be a atall. The calculations and statements of the com- them some fify or sixty fiel above the water on place marked out by nature for this pavy-yard. mittee are based upon the average.
We have to Long Island sound and let them stand there on I will now bring my remarks to a close, as other
be- stilts. Another proposition from the same source gentlemen may desire to address the House on
all points of the iron against This question. I think there is a general disposi- attack. The maximum will then be three quarters New London there is a basin of fresh water eletion to have a yard for iron-claus. We of Phila- of an inchin thirteen years. The gentleman from valcd at some one hundred feet above the level of delphia want it established at the best place, which, | Connecticut (Mr. BRANDEGEE] speaks of the effect the tide. The gentleman proposes to use that as a according to the Secretary of the Navy, and others, of sea waler upon iron as not a material malter. means of obviating this difficulty of the salt water. is League Island. As I have said before, we ask He treats it as of little consequence, and thinks it He dues not tell us cxactly how it is to be conjor nothing as a mere local favor. We desire that
has been greatly exaggerated by the advocates of trived, but I suppose the only way would be to the country should have its "navy-yard for iron a fresh-waler site. I think he will turn to his put the vessels in the basin at the elevation of a vessels and machinery” located for the advantage own statement and make the calculation that I hundred feet above the lide. Weil, I rather inof the Navy; and we have seen no arguments have made of the time in which the effect of sea cline to think that that would avoid the difficulty presented a!iy this House should hesitate to de
water upon the armor of an ironed vessel will lo a very considerable extent, but I would like to cide for this niost eligible and convenient locality. almost absolutely destroy it, he will see that it know in what state of readiness the gentleman Mr. BROOMALL. I offer the following amend.
will be done in the course of thirteen years. would be with his armored fiece in the harbor of ment to the substitute:
It is said, however, by the gentleman from New London, one half perched upon stilis a hunStrike out all after the enacting clause, and insert the
Connecticut, as an argument against the corrosion dred or a hundred and filty feet high, and the other following:
of iron by sea water, and as an argument in favor halt in the basin, if the harbor should be suddenly That the President be, and he is liereby, empowered to of the existence of fresh water at New London, attacked. appoint a commission of seven scientific and practical meni,
thata certain chain, belonging to a marine railway, These contrivancis for obvialing the effect of three of whom shall be officers of the Navy na below the rauk of captain, iv:10 shall sclecia site for a navy-yard and
after being in the water for twelve years, was taken salt water upon armored vessels show that the gennaval station for iron-clad vessels, having right to advant- up and found to be scarcely corroded. The answer ilemen themselves hardly believe what they say age otlocation as well as economy of construction,ind make to that is that this particular iron may have been when they say that salt water is not injurious, report to the President for his contirmation. SEC. 2. Aulcit further enacted, Thalit said report shall
of a kind not likely to be corroded by salt water; and also, that the river water at New London is be confirmed iny lic l'resident, the secretary of inc Navy because some iron is scarcely perceptibly affected not salt. shall forth with procure the title of such site to be properly by the sea; some portions even of the same plate Again, some argument has been used by the vested in the United States, and adopt inrasures for the are scarcely perceptibly affected, while others are gentleman from Connecticut (Mr. BRANDEGEE] immediate commenceinent of the work.
absolutely destroyed. It is to be borne in mind, i against the peculiar topography of League Island. No member of this body can have read the re- moreover, that this chain was a chain belonging Some argument, «qually strong, has been used peated recommendations of the Secretary of the 10 a marine railway, upon the shore of a river, by my colleague (Mr. KELLEY) against the 19Navy and the reports from the Naval Committee, where, if anywhere, the fresh water of the river pography of the site proposed at New London, and listened to the arguments on the question, above would float upon the surface of the salt | Lei us look at them a moment. It is said, and without seeing the necessity for such a work as is
Everybody knows the difficulty with I will not dispute that here, because it is not necontemplated by this bill. The only question, it which different waters mingle with one another. cessary to do so forthe purpose of my amendment, seems to me, for us to decide is the best mode of || Everybody who has seen the waters of the Mis- that League Island will require to be raised some fixing upon the proper site for the construction of souri and Mississippi passing down the river nine feet by filling before it can be adapted to the such a navy-yard, and it is with a view of birting
after the junction of the two, side by side for purpose of a navy-yard. Grant that; and grant, upon what I conceive to be the best means that I miles, with a distinct line of demarkation between too, that the calculation made by the gentleman have offered this amendment to the substitute of them, will admit with me that waters do not from Connecticut (Mr. BRANDEGEE) is correct-my colleague from Pennsylvania, (Mr. Kelley.) readily mix; and where two waters are of differs that the raising two hundred acres to the height
No member of this body can have read the ma- ent specific gravity, as in the case of fresh and of nine feet, at the cost of one dollar per cubic jorily and minority reporis of this committee, and salt water, the difficulty of mixing is even sull foot, will require an outlay of $3,120,000. We heard the able arguments upon this subject, with: greater, and a considerable lengih of time will have that as an argument against the adoption of out feeling that there are serious and perhaps in- | elapse, and a considerable commotion of the waters League Island. But, on the other hand, it is alsurmountable objections to both the sites named, must be had, before the sall and the fresh water leged by my colleague (Mr. KELLEY) that New the city of New London and League Island. I will mingle. Now, the fresh water of the river London is between twenty and one hundred and will proceed to consider shortly some of the ob. Thames, flowing down into the sound below, | twenty feet above high tide. Every one knows jections which have been urged against each; and naturally overflows the salt, at the shore and in that the site for a navy-yard should not be more first upon the question of sali water. It has seemed the middle of the channel. Now, the returning than six or seven feet above high lide, at the to me, from the Secretary's recommendation, and
lide, ns every one familiar with the action of vides most. The lower the beller, so as not to be liable from the arguments made here upon both sides, well knows, floats everything lighter than the sea 10 overflow. Now, to cut down this average of that fresin water is at least best adapted to the water itself to the shore, so that the shore would sixty feet to the proper level, at the same rate of business of iron ship-building. I find in the have the fresh water from above wbile the ride is cost, would require an outlay of $20,800,000. I report of the majority of the committee and I
running down, and it would have the fresh water do not see, therefore, that, in this respect, the arbelieve tie statement made by that majority to be turned from the middle of the channel while the gument is in favor of New London. Il should correct upon that subject that the corrosion of tide is running up. We may therefore set it down rather lead us to look for some site where such iron from the action of salt water is, as they say, as fact, that if there is any fresh water in that har- enormous outlay would not be necessary. one half inch upon the surface in every ninety- | bor at all, it is upon the surface of the water, and Butthe gentleman from Connecticut (Mr. Branone years.
at the shore. The argument drawn from that | DEGEE] denies the heiglic of the site of New LonI find, also, that the influence of the sea water chain at the shore, therefore, falls to the ground. don, as alleged by my colleague from Pennsylupon such surfaces, where the surfaces are some- But the gentleman from Connecticut denies that vania, (Mr. KELLEY.] So, ulso, lloes the gentletimes wet and sometimes dry, is one half more the waters are salt at New London. He cites, man from Pennsylvania (Mr. Kelley) deny the than the influence of clear salt water; which would and cites as powerful authority upon all other depth assigned to League Island; and 1, for one, make the amount of corrosion three fourths of an subjects, the commission which examined New for the purpose of my argument, am perfectly inch in ninety-one years upon surfaces so exposed. London, as well as the waters of the Delaware willing to set off these disadvantages against one
I find, alsó, from the same report—and I believe river, and that commission expressly say that the another. I suppose that if New London could it, by other authorities I have read, to be correct waters at New London are salt. I do not know exchange a part of its height for the lowness of in this particular—that foul sea water, sucli as is what better means of information the gentleman League Island, if the earth and rock of New Lonfound in the holds of vessels, and which uttacks from Connecticut has than the commission. I do don could be transported to Lengue Island, we the iron upon the inside, corrodes the iron at the know that both the gentleman from Connecticut || might, in the course of a century or so, have very rate of one inch in ninety-one years.
and the commission have better means of informa- good sites for navy-yards, as far as that point is Now, when we consider that the inside of a tion than I have, and I am not going to vote upon concerned, at both of these places. vessel comes constantly in contact with foul questions involving these disputed facts in favor In favor of the alleged beight of New London, weather, and foul sea water, and that the outer of or against New London or League Island with- I will remark that the gentleman from Connectic armored portion comes in contact almost exclu- out furiher inquiry. The gentleman visited New cut speaks of a basin å bundred feet in height, sively with the sea weather outside, that is with London with the Committee on Naval Affairs. covering a hundred acres of ground, supplied by water and air alternating, we will find by a simple I lud not the good fortune to be with them upon a river which enters just above and contiguous lo calculation that the iron upon the inside and out- that.occasion. I requested the gentleman, if my the proposed site. The height of that position side together, affected upon the outside by the recollection serves me, to bring me a bolile of would argue, at least, that the assertions of the clear sea water, and upon the inside by foul the water, in order that I mighi test it, and see gentleman from Pennsylvania (Mr. KELLEY) are water, and in each instance by the air, will cor- whether it was salt or not. Whether the gentle- not so wide of the mark, when he says, in effect, rode at the rate of one and three quarters of an man found all the bottles at New London filled with that the excavation at New London will be, at inch in ninety-one years, iwo inches in one hun- other fluids, so that there was no room for sale least, an average of sixty feet. dred and four years, or one quarter of an inch in water, I know not; but certain it is that the bottle Something, loo, has been said about the defensithirteen years, which is a small portion of the life did not come, and therefore we are left in the dark bility of these poinis. It is said, on the one hand, of a sea-going vessel. on that question.
that New London is not easily defensible, while,
on the other hand, it is said that League Island is pass without difficulty, while the attacking force, but they cannot operate to the disadvantage of any not easily defensible. I am willing to set off these ignorant of the channel, would probably be site that may be chosen below it. assertions against one another, and to find a place wholly wrecked in trying to avoid the crooks and But the gentleman from Connecticut lays great which is easily defensible for this navy-yard. turns in it. The gentleman from Connecticut stress upon the report of this commission that Both sites, for aught I care, may be considered to also points out that there are certain shoals in was appointed to visit these sites and choose bebe wanting in that particular. But there is this the river Delaware below Philadelphia which are tween them. A commission appointed by a resoto be borne in mind ng a difference between them, || objectionable. Those, too, give an advantage in lution of this House visited New London and that if the harbor of New London should be block- the way of defense. They increase the defensi- League Island, and, after extended examination aded at tide-water, there would be no way for ves- bility of a navy-yard on the Delaware river, pro- and discussion, found considerable disadvantages sels in the harbor to escape. They would either vided only that those shoals are not such as to in each place, but preferred New London, not so have to run the blockading squadron or remain in prevent the passage of vessels of the requisite size. much because it was the best, as because it was the harbor; whereas vessels at Philadelphia, or Now, by looking at the reports, and at the the least bad of the two. If the gentleman will anywhere in the Delaware river, have either of coast survey, you will find that the channel of turn now to the resolution by which that comtwo alternatives to get to sea. The Delaware and the river Delaware is eighteen and a half feet mission was appointed he will find that it differed Raritan canal could be enlarged and made a ship | deep at low tide, and twenty-five feet at high ride, widely from what I propose now. He will find canal of, so that vessels could get to New York and that these points occupy a very small portion, that iis jurisdiction, if I may so term it, was limin that way, or a ship canal could be cut between indeed, of the channel between the mouth of the ited to the two sites-League Island, upon the the Delaware and Chesapeake bays, and vessels Delaware and the city of Philadelphia. It is not Delaware river, and New London, with power to could escape by that way, so that an enemy would necessary that a vessel passing out of the river look at Narragansett bay. Such was the duty of have to blockade the Delaware, the Chesapeake, should choose extreme low tide. A vessel draw- the commission. They had no power to selecillie and the harbor of New York to prevent the es- ing lwenty feet of water can readily enough pass best site in the United States as I propose that cape of vessels from the vicinity of Philadelphia, out over these few shoals, which are well known this commission shall have. They had only the whereas the blockading of the harbor of New Lon- to the Government. All they have to do is to power to choose between those two; and after don would effectually prevent vessels escaping | avoid extreme low tide and take advantage of enumerating and admitting the manifold disadfrom that harbor. Só much upon that question. || high tide.
vantages of both they chose New London as the Again, it is urged, and with a good deal of pro- If you will turn to the report you will find least bad. priety and force, on the part of the gentleman enumerated there the harbors of the United States, Again, the gentleman argues something upon from Pennsylvania (Mr. O'Neill) who lias just || and that not more than five or six of them will the services of the Naval Committee who visited addressed the House so ably, that the materials admit the entrance of vessels of more than twenty both these sites, and preferred New London as for building these ships are furnished largely by feet draught of water. The harbor of Charleston the least bad. I do not know what peculiar fathe State of Pennsylvania, and he asks, with a has only
eleven feet depth of water at low tide; cilities the Naval Committee may have for judg. good deal of force, why this business should be that of Savannah but eleven feet-I mean at the ing of sites for iron-clad navy-yards. My ex. taken so far away from the muterials. Let me entrance of the harbor; Mobile has twelve feet; | perience in reference to traveling committees of look for a momeni at the figures in the report. 1 Galveston twelve feet; the Mississippi river thir- ihis House and of other bodies would lead me to find by that that Pennsylvania furnishes sixty- teen feet; Portland sixteen feet; Boston eighteen suppose that the chief business of such a commilthree per cent. of all the iron furnished by the feet; Salem nineteen feet; and then come about tee is of an entirely different character from that entire United States. I find also that it furnishes as many harbors which will admit the passage of of looking at sites for navy-yards; and I will do seventy-three per cent. of all the coal furnishedly vessels of more than twenty feet draught of water. justice to this committee by saying that, so far as the United States. It is also a truth that the D. - Now, we must adapt our vessels to the pur- I saw their operations, they performed the duty, a ware river furnishes greater fucilities for obtain- pose for which they are intended, and with this which I believe is the general duty of such coming limber for the building of ships than probably considerable list of harbors which have only a mittees, most admirabiy. They did eat and drink any other river emptying into the Atlantic. The small depth of water, it is the duty of the Gov- in a manner that wouli do credit to any commitship-building timber from the State of Delaware, ernment to adapt vessels to this small draught of tee of this House. I do not attach any great and the State of Maryland, is brought without water. It is not intended by the United States to weight to the opinion of the Naval Commitiee, any any transhipment by railroad to any site upon the build vessels for the purpose of having armies more than to the opinion of a like number of genDelaware river, because the Philadelphia, Wil- | transported across the ocean and invading foreign tlemen selected anywhere in this House. Not a mington, and Baltimore railrond touches wie Dela- waters. The object of our iron-clads is to defend man of them, so far as I know, is either a scienware almost the entire way from Philadelphia to our own country and its harbors, and a consider- tific or a practical man in reference to this quesWilmington
able portion of their effectiveness in this respect tion. The members of that committee could have Why, I ask again, should this business be taken will consist in their being of sufficiently light very little means of information that this House directly away from the material to a place whicre ) dranglit of water to enable them to enter the most itself cannot have; and I am sure I do them entire the material will have to be transferred at a very of the harbors.
justice when I say that I admit their claiins to considerable expense, the extent of which I will I therefore throw aside the argument that the statesmanship, but I do not believe that they know not now take time io consider? Why shonld it Delaware river is too shallow, that shallowness | how to drive a bolt in a vessel. be taken to a place where, it seems to me, there being an advantage upon the score of defensibility, Now, it would appear to me almost impossible are no advantages at all commensurate with the and 110 disadvantage when we consider that our that, throughout the entire territory of the Uniexpense of such transfer?
vessels must be adapted to the harbors that they ted States there should not be places that would Again, it is admitted by the gentleman from are destined to defend.
avoid the dificulties of both ihese sites. Connecticut [Mr. BRANDEGEE] that the town of But the gentleman from Connecticut complains there not points that are not at least four, six, or New London contains but about ten thousand that the ice of the Delaware river atfords obstruc- || cight feet below the level of the tide, and, as they population. He admits that that population af- tions to the passage of vessels and renders the site say, marshy at that? Are there not points that fords a very insufficient supply of workmen for || ineligible upon that account. Why, sir, I do not are not liable to the objections alleged on account the business contempluted here. But he says that know what the gentleman means by going further of ice? Are there noi points better in all requiworkmen can be brought from the city of New north to avoid ice. I have always been under site particulars than either of the places alluded York, a point which is nearer by fifty miles to the impression that the way to avoid ice was to to? Are there not places that will not require any proposed site on the Delaware river than is I get nearer the equator. I have yet to learn that, || cutting down from i wenty to one hundred and New London. I do not know whether the gen- in fresh water, at the latitude of New London, | ewenty feet to make them eligible at all? Is there tleman contemplates the workmen living in New there ought to be less ice than in the Delaware not some eligible point within the limits of fresh York, and visiting their homes every night and river, at the latitude of Philadelphia. But proba- water? I cannot believe there is not. But if a returning every morning to their work. Prob- l bly the explanation of the maiter may be found commission such as I contemplate in my propoably he does not. It would be about as feasible in the fact that the water of New London is too sition should fix upon New London, 1, for one, as his project of a navy upon stills.
salt to freeze. If so, I answer it is too salt to build would be satisfied. If, on the other hand, it Now, in regard to the facility of obtaining work- || iron-clad vessels in. But the ice upon the Dela- should fix upon League Island, I shall also be men, any point upon the Delaware river presents ware river is no formidable obstruction. The ice satisfied. I shall then believe that these places, advantages which can hardly be found anywhere upon that river is rarely found fast at the town of while they are bad, are still the best within the else, which no point upon this contineni that I Chester; it is never found fast below it. I re- reach of ihe Government of the United States, know of presents; and Philadelphia, which em- member, during the course of my life, but twoin- and on that ground only will I consent lo such a braces League Island, is within half an hour's stances in which the Delaware was frozen overas selection. ride by railroad, at an expense of only eightcents far down as the town of Chesier. Those instances Now, there are two or three sites on the Delaper man, of any site upon the Detaware river were in 1856 and 1857, iwo very cold winters in ware river, a considernble distance below the ciiy which has been presented. Why then take the succession, during both of which, if I remember of Philadelphia, which are not liable to some of workmen and the material from the place where | aright, the ice was so thick in the Susquehanna, the objections that operate against League Island. they now are and remove them to a site which, at the crossing of the Philadelphia, Wilmington, One of them is Chester; another, Marcus Hook; to say the least of it, docs not show advantages and Baltimore railroad, that the track was actu- another, New Castle. This traveling committee commensurate with the expense?
ally laid upon the ice, and the locomotive and cars looked at one of these sites and then condemned But the gentleman froin Connecticut (Mr. were for a considerable time taken across in that them all. They do not say upon what ground BRANDEGEE) complains of the torluous character way. Only on those occasions, within my recol- they condemned them. They do not suy that of the channel in the Delaware river. Why, sir, lection, has the Delaware river been frozen over as these sites are open to most of the objections althat very tortuous chamel is one of the means of far down as the town of Chester. It is usually lleged aguinst League Island. They do not prethe defense of the sites on the river. The Gov. I kept open all the way to Philadelphia during all tend to say that any of liese sites require filling. ernment of the United States can have a koowl- seasons of all years. I remember only those in- They do not pretend to say that either of them exige of thai channel that no one outside of this stances in which it has not beer. Those instances can be charged with lacking proper foundation. country can obtain. The city of Philadelphia, may probably operate to the disadvantage of a siteYet these things are assumed by a generalsweepcan furnish pilots to take vesseis where they can ncarer to Philadelphia than the lown of Chester, li ing condemnation. They will admit, 100, these
Are sites are nearer the ocean than League Island, You will recollect the surprise of Lord Lyons, their highest point, and should, hereafter, be reand therefore less objectionable, according to their when he asked whether this Goverument really trenched. It will be a glorious day for the country argument, on that account.
intended to blockade the whole southern coast. when the same thing can, with iruth, be said of Why these gentlemen did not visit all of these It had in addition to that to hunt the piratical the War Department. sites it is diflicult for me to say. The Naval Com- cruisers of the first naval Powerinto their various For the purpose,then, of adjourning this subject millee was not limited, as the commission was, hiding-places, all over the world of waters; and until some time in the future, a time of which I and might and ought to have visited all of these when it came to warfare, it was the most difficult cannot but be hopeful, when the national obligasites. What I complain of, then, is that they did kind of naval warfare, that of attacking land bat- tions may run up to at least fifty per cent. of not, but condemned them without examination. teries; and who will say that in all of these par- their face in the most favorable markets, I shall
Let me say to this House that Chester or Mar- ticulars the Navy has not accomplished its pur- move to lay the subject on the table. In the cus Hook furnishes all of the advantages which pose?
mean time the investigation can go on, and we can I know of for an iron-clad navy-yard. The pop- The enormous price in the confederacy of arti- ascertain in the large and broad expanse of this ulation of that vicinity is about equal to that of cles which have to run the blockade, and the country where is the best site where in some fuNew London, somewhere between eight and ten nineteen hundred and seventy-nine prizes taken lure time we will establish a grand navy-yard thousand. They are upon the Philadelphia, by our vessels, tell with a certainty that the where we can produce thosc perfect maritime Wilmington, and Baltimore railroad. Workmen blockade has been most perfect. And we have creations which, at the same time that they are can come from Philadelphia or Wilmington in seen, in following the history of the war, that
in vulnerable at sea, shall possess
that admirable half an hour, at an expense of only eight cents in its various attacks upon land batteries the Navy power of propulsion which will make them the by buying a season ticket.
has been equally successful. The genius of Du most rapid of vessels, and the most destructive to 'I wish to add that at the point of Chester, of | Pont devised a new mode, and a most success- the enemies of our country. which I speak, the building of iron-clads has been ful one, at Port Royal, of attacking land forces, I move to lay the bill on the table. going on since she commencement of this war, and this added greaily both to his own fame and
Mr. THAYER demanded the yeas and nays. and from eight hundred to a thousand men have that of our Navy; while the gallantry and intre- The yeas and nuys were ordered. been so employed. Why, sir, more iron-clads | pidity of Farragut at New Orleans and Mobile Mr. RANDALL, of Pennsylvania. Having have been turned out from the town of Chester placed our Navy foremost in the annals of ma- been summarily cut off from ihe remarks I inthan perhaps the gentleman from Connecticut has rine warfare. And we all but lately felt that the tended to make upon this subject, I ask leave to ever seen. Materials, too, can be brought from gleams of victory streaming across the Atlantic print them. the very mines and furnaces, and landed upon the from the guns of the Kearsarge off Cherbourg No objection was made. very spot where they are to be used, at cither of strengthened the loyal heart of the country at a [The remarks will be published in the Appenthese sites, or at the town of New Castle below, time when it was greatly given to despondency. || dix.] without the cost of a single transhipment.
The blockade has been rigorously enforced, the The question was taken on Mr. Pike's motion, So, then, these towns are within the vicinity of warfare against land forces has been successfully and it was decided in the afirmative-yeas 80, workmen. They are within the vicinity of male- conducted, and the British pirates sunk and driven nays 53, not voting 49; as follows: rials. They are in fresh water. They are free into confederate ports, as the ocean with its myr- YEAS-Messrs. Alley, Allison, Ames, Ashley, Augus from the danger of ice. They are better defensi- iad hiding-places was no longer safe for them. A tus C. Baldwin, Baxter, Beaman, Blair, Blow, Boutwell, ble than New London. They present advantages i brilliant record for our gallant Navy.
Brooks, James s. Brown, Chanler, Ambrose W. Clark, which it is worth wbile for a commission to look
Cobb, Cole, Cox, Cravens, Thomas T. Davis, Driggs, EckAnd the conclusion, Mr. Speaker, at which I
ley, Eden, Eldridge, Eliot, Farnsworth, Finck, Ganson, at. All I ask is that all places be examined, and arrive from the brief survey of the increase, the Gooch, Grider, Grimnell, Harling, llerrick, Higby, Holman, that selected which is besi adapted to the purpose. present condition, and the action of the Navy for Asahel W. Hulbard, Ilulburd, Orlando Kellogg, Kernan, It is with that view I offer the amendment, and the last four years, is that we have vessels enough
Knapp, Knox, Lt Blond. Littlejohn, Long, Longyear, MalI sincerely trust the House will adopt it.
lory, Marcy, McDowell, McIndoe, Samuel F. Miller, Morfor the present. We can afford fifty steamers lying | rill
, Daniel Morris, James R. Morris, Morrison, Noble, Mr. PIKE. Whoever reads the lucid and very off and on to blockade the port of Wilmington. Odell, John O'Neill, Orth, Patterson, Perhiam, Pike, Pomeable report of the Secretary of the Navy must be We fill the harbors of Charleston and of Savan
roy, Price, Edward 11. Roulins. Ross, Scott, Shannon, Sloall, gratified, if not surprised, at the rapid and enor- wah, and the bay of Mobile, with our armed
John B. Steele, Stuart, Sweai, Townsend, Tracy, Van
Valkenburghi, Wadsworthi, Ward, Elihu B. Washburne, mous increase of the Navy since the commence- ships, and still have enough to protect northern William B. Washburn, Whaley, Wilson, and Denjanin ment of this rebellion. Ti now consists of over ports against the possibility of attack.
Wood - 80. five hundred thousand tons of shipping-a very It is apparently idle to talk about taking any
NAYS-Messrs. Ancona, Arnold, Baily, Jobin D. Baldconsiderable fraction of the whole tonnage of the
sin, Blaine, Dovil, Brandegee, Broomall, lleury Winter Daof the principal southern ports without the as
vis, Dawes, Dawson, Deming, Denison, Edgerton, English, country. All sizes of vessels are embraced, from sistance of the Army, but when Lieutenant Gen- Frank, Blooper, Jolú 11. Iulibard, Ingersoll, Kelley, Franthe tug of one hundred tons up to the Dunderberg eral Grant is ready to detail a suficient force for cis W. Kellogg, Law, Loan, Marvin, McAllister, McBride, of Mr. Webb, of more than seven thousand tons the purpose, the Navy will be, as it always has
McClurg, William II. Miller, Moorhead, Amnos Myers, burden. Almost all of the kinds of ships known
Leonari Iyers, Norton, Charles O'Neill, Pendleton, Sambeer, ready to furnisli vessels of the filtest class
uel J. Randall, Alexander H. Rice, Schenck, Scofield, to nuval architecture can be found in our Navy- || for coöperation in the work of the capture of Wil- Smith, Smithers, Spalding, Starr, William G. Sicele, Steall the practicable shapes and models, if not some mingion, Charleston, or Mobile.
vens, Stiles, 'Thayer, Upson, Webster, Wheeler, Williams, which are entirely impracticable. Machinery of all And now, having accomplished thus much, I
Wilder, Windon, and Yeaian--53. the approved patterns has been introduced io pro
NOT VOTING-Messrs. James C. Allen, Willain J. Alinsist that for the purposes of this rebellion we
len, Anderson, Bliss, William G. Browil, I'reeman Clarke, pel these ships. The Navy Department has called need not stretch another keel, at any rate not for Clay, Cotiroth, Creswell, Dixon, Donnelly, Dumont, fenupon the whole mechanical genius of the country. | any vessel of considerable size. All we have to
ton, Garfield, Griswold, Bale, Hall, Harrington, Benjamin for the construction of these admirable engines of do now with our Navy is to keep the present force
G. Harris, Charles M1. Harris, Loich kiss, Hutchins,Jenckes,
Philip Johnson, William Jobinson, Julian, Kalbfleisch, Kas war. It has gone into the widest variety of ex- in repair. With six hundred and seventy-one son, King, Lizear, McKinney, Middleton, Nelson, Perry, periment in order to bring about the completest vessels now in the service, the larger portion built l'ruyil, Radford, William II. Randall, John II. Rice, Robvessels which can be obtained. Any one dis- since 1860, and with an ordnance production dur
insoli, Rogers, James S. Rollins, Strouse, Thomas, Voorposed to criticise its action would say that it has
dices, Chillon A. White, Josephi W. White, Wintielu, Fering the last year of more than fifteen hundred
Dando Wood, and Woodbridge-49. been too experimental. I know that this is not guns, I say our private and public ship-yards are the general opinion, but those who have watched abundantly sufficient for present purposes. We
So the whole subject was laid on the table. the detailed action of the Department must come need no other facilities for the production of still
Mr. PIKE moved to reconsider the vote by to the conclusion that if it has erred atall-and I more vessels. Let us finish those we have on the
which the motion to lay on the table was adoptdo not say that it has it has been in being too ex- stocks, and then keep the whole in fighting trim,
ed; and also moved to lay the motion to reconsider perimental, in trying too many new devices rather and we shall not lack in this branch of our great
on the table. than in adhering to the old models.
The latter motion was adopted. war. In accomplishing this purpose, Mr. Speaker, Why then, I ask this House, should we enter
ENROLLED BILL SIGNED. there will have been expended'during this Admin- upon this enlarged expenditure for the purpose of
Mr. COBB, from the Committee on Enrolled istration $280,000,000, a very generous sum, and creating additional monsters of the sea, for fear one which would startle us were it not that we have
Bills, reported that the committee had cxamined of some possible future foreign war? Is it wisc? become accustomed to the bewildering figures of [Iave we not enough to do now to furnish means
and found truly enrolled an act (H. R. No. 464)
for the relief of Deborah Jones; when the Speaker the War Department. This large sum, on the lo carry on this war? It is with the greatest le
signed the same. whole, has been wisely and prudently expended. || luctance that we now tax our constituents enough The most rigorous examination has been made to pay one third the current expenditures of the
RECIPROCITY TREATY. by commitives of both branches of Congress, | Government. Shall we rush into the unknown The SPEAKER stated that the business next some of them constituted strongly adverse to the sea of new expenditures, which can be demon- in order was the consideration of joint resolution present officers in charge of the Department, and strated to be wholly unnecessary, in order to (H. R. No. 56) authorizing the President to give nothing of misconduct worthy of the attention of compass the present great purpose of the country? the requisite notice for terminating the treaty Congress hus been found. Frauds, of coursc, I hope not.
made by Great Britain on behalf of the British there have been, but they have been ferreted out The surest guarantee against future war is to provinces in North America, and to appoint com. in the Department itself, and the guilty punished; succeed in this. The suppression of the rebellion inissioners to negotiate a new treaty with the and, Mr. Spcaker, in reviewing the action of the is worth more to us, both for defense and offense, British Government based upon the true principles Navy since hostilities broke out, it is only bare than a thousand ships. When that is done no of reciprocity, said resolution having been postjustice to say that it has accomplished all that nation will care to attack us, and we need not poned on the 1st of April last until this day. could have been expected of it. It had to do the fear the combined attack of all Europe.
Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. Whai is the dull, tedious labor of the blockade, according to With all due deference to the superior wisdom precise posicion of the joint resolution? the strictest of the latest decisions on that vexed of the yentleman in charge of the Navy Depart- The SPEAKER. The question is, Shallit pass? subject--a blockade of a coast over thirty-fivement, I do not hesitate to express the opinion Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. Is it open hundred miles in extent, and which was pro- that our expenditures in that branch of our war 10 amendmeni? nounced impossible by the European diplomats. -so necessary and so well made-have reached The SPEAKER. It is not.
Mr. MORRILL. Is it not in order for the gen- Mr. WARD. Is it a different proposition? the negative-yeas 45, nays 84, not voting 53; as
YLAS-Messrs. Arnold, Brily, Augustus C. Baldwin, as a substitute the joint resolution for uncondi- Wbereas by the reciprocity treaty.concluded the 5th day
Chaner. Freeman Clarke, Cobb, Cox, i 'ravens, Thomas T. tional notice?
of June, and ratified on the Oils day of September, A. D. Davis, Donnelly, Eden, Tilgerton, Eldridge, Finck, Frank, The SPEAKER. Notunless the vote by which
1834, betweeu tlic United States of America and the Queen Grider, Ilarrington, Derrick, Knapp, Liw, Littlejohn,
of Great Britain, for the period of ten years from the date Long, Mallory, Marcy, McDowell, McKinney, Waliiam H. the joint resolution was ordered to be engrosscd al which it sliould come into operation; and further, until Miller, James R. Morris. Morrison, Nible, John O'Neill, and read a third time, shall be reconsidered by the expiration of twelve months after ciilier of the ligh Pendicion, Samuel J. Randall, Ross, Seoti, William G. general consent.
contracting parties should give notice to the other of its Sieele, Siiles, surt, Sweat, Townsend, Wadswortlig Mr. FARNSWORTH.
Ward, Wireler, Winton, and Benjamin Wood-45.
wish to terminate the same, each of the high contracting
parties, according to the provisions of article filth of said NAY Messrs. Alley, Allison, Arnes, Ancona, Ashley, order?
treaty, being at liberty to give suchi notice to be other at John D. Balvin, Baxirr, Beaman, Blaine, Blow, BoulThe SPEAKER. It is if the gentleman voted the end of raid term of ten years, or at any time afterwards, woll, Doyil, Brandegre, Brooks, Broomall, James S. Browu, for the third reading.
and thereby annul and abrogate said treaty; and whereas Ambrose 11. Clark, Colr, llenry Winter Davis, Dawes,
it has become desirable to terminate said treaty in the mu- Daw-on, Denison, Dixon, Eckley, English, Farnsworth, Mr. FARNSWORTH. I think I did, and I ner therein provided for, iis iis terus no longer appear re
Garson, Gooeli, Grinneli, Higby, Homman. Hooper, Hotchmake the motion to reconsider. ciprocally beneficial or satisfactory: With a view, there
kiss, Acatel 1. labband, Job U. Hubbard, llulburd, InMr. WARD. The preamble was adopted, and fore, that steps be taken for the termination of the said Pero, Julian, keller, Fraueis 1. Kellogg, Kernan, Knox, before the previous question was moved on the
treaty of the 5th of Jane, A. D. 1854, in the mode prescribed Marvin, McAllister, McClurg, Melndor, Samuel F. Miller,
in its filth article, at the earliest practicable period therein Moorheadl, Jorrill, Daniel Morris, Amos Myers, Leonard passage of the joint resolution the gentleman
provided for, and that the attention of the Governments ou Myers, Vorlon, Odell, Charles O'Neill, Orili, Patterson, from Pennsylvania (Mr. Stevens) moved to post- both countries may be directed to the adoption of all proper
Pernamı, Pike, Poincroy, Price, Radiord, Alexander H. pone it. The question now is on its passage, and measures for an amicable adjustmeni otany inatters of dif- Rier, John II. Rice. Edward 11. Rollius, Schenck, Seofeld, on that I demand the previous question.
ference or dispute which may remain or arise in conse- Shanon, Sinan, Sinill, Smithers, Spalding, Surr, John B. Mr. MORRILL. I appeal to the gentleman to quence of the termination of said treaty,
siecle, Sirvens, Thayer, Thomas, Tracy, Upson, Van
Resalvethylha Sinale ani Ibuse of Representatives of Valkenburgli, Elihu B. Washburne, Willian B. Washburn, withdraw the previous question for a moment. the Critel States of America in Congress assembled, That
Williams, Wilder, and Wilson-84. I merely want to make an explanation. the President of the United States be, and he is betroby,
NOT VOTING-Messrs. James C. Allen, William J.
authorized and requested to give to the Government of the Allen, Anderson, Blair, Bliss, William G. Brown, Clay,
Coffroth, Creswell, Deming. Driggs, Dumont, Eliot, Fentoli,
Garneld, Griswold, Ilale, Hall, Harding, Benjamin G. HarThe 'SPEAKER. The demand for the pre- of the 5th of June, A. D. 1851, for the termination of the ris, Charles M. Harris, Hutchins, Jenckes, Philip Johnson, vious question would not cut off the privileged
William Johnson, Kalbfleisch, Kasson, Orlando Kellogg, motion to reconsider the third reading, although Mr. WARD. Mr. Speaker, I hope the gen
King, Lazer, Le Blond, Loan, Longyear, McBride, Mid
dleton, Nelson, Perry, Pruyn, William H. Randall, Robinthe second of the previous question would. tleman from Vermont will explain the difference son, Rogers, James S. Rollins, Sirouse, Voorhees, Web
Mr. WASHBURNE, of 'Mlinois. I think the between his substitute and the proposition voted ster, Whaley, Chilton A. White, Josep! W. White, Win-
field, Fernando Wood, Woodbridge, and Yeaman-53. for notice pure and simple. It came within a
So the motion to lay on the table was not agreed vole or two of il last session, and from what has The SPEAKER. The difference is that the to. transpired since, I think we must all agree that words "ut his discretion" are struck out, and
Mr. MORRILL. I call for the previous questhe notice oughi to be given. I hope, therefore, the words "and requested” inserted; also that tion upon the passage of the joint resolution. that the House will allow me to offerihal propo
The words "Government of Great Britain" are Mr. WARD. I made a motion to recommit sition again.
changed into the words “Government of the Uni- to the Committee on Commerce. The gentleman
By a very
Mr. MORRILL. I withdraw any motion or close vote.
The SPEAKER. The whole joint resolution suggestion of that kind which I mude. I prefer
The previous question was seconded, and the seconded, and the main question was ordered.
tion of Mr. WARD to recommit to the Commit. The SPEAKER. Debate is not in order.
The question was then taken upon the substi- tee on Commerce, and it was not agreed to. Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. What would tute offered by Mr. MORRILL to the original res- The question recurred upon ordering the joint be the condition of the bill in case the previous olution; and it was agreed to.
resolution to be read a third time, and being taken question be not seconded?
Mr. MORRILL. I now move to reconsider it was agreed to. The SPEAKER. The joint resolution would the vote by which the preamble was adopted. The joint resolution was read the third time. be open to discussion and amendment.
Mr. WARD. I submit that it is not proper, The question was upon the passage of the joint Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. Then I hope | after this lapse of time, to move a reconsideration. resolution. the previous question will be voted down.
The SPEAKER. The Chair thinks the point Upon this question Mr. MORRILL called for the Mr. STEVENS. I ask the gentleman from of order of the gentleman from New York (Mr. || previous question, New York (Mr. WARD) whether he will agree to Ward) is well taken. After one day the motion Mr. WÅRD. I understand we are now to take allow a motion to strike outof the joint resolution to reconsider cannot be submitted except on Mon- a vote simply upon the resolution, and not upon all after, and including the word "unless, so as dny on a motion to suspend the rules. No objec- the preamble. to make it simply direct notice to be given of the tion having been made to reconsider the vote by The SPEAKER. The preamble was read the termination of the treaty. I will be ihen willing | which the joint resolution was ordered to a third third time on the 1st of April last. A motion to to vote for the proposition. The idea of author- | reading, the Chair considered the motion to re- reconsider the preamble was made by the gentleizing a commission is against the genius of all our consider as having been entertained by unani. man from Vermont, (Mr. MORRILL,) and the genlegislation. Such a matter is solely within the Inous consent.
ileman from New York (Mr. WARD) raised the province of the Government.
Mr. FARNSWORTH moved to reconsider the point of order that the motion to reconsider could Mr. WARD. I insist upon the previous ques- vole by which the House adopted the substitute
not be entertained at this time, which point the tion on the passage of the joint resolution. of the gentleman from Vermoni, (Mr. MORRILL,] Chair sustained. The question is now upon the
Mr. STEVENS. Then I move to lay the joint and also moved to lay that motion on the table; || passage of the joint resolution and the preamble
together, upon which the gentleman from VerMr. MORRILL. I hope the gentleman from Mr. MORRILL. I hope this joint resolution
mont (Mr. MORRILL) demands the previous quesPennsylvania will withdraw that motion. will not be sent to the Senate unul we can have
tion. Mr. STEVENS, I will withdraw it for the an opportunity to move a reconsideration of the
The demand for the previous question was then present.
prramble on Monday nexi. The SPEAKER. The Chair is informed by
seconded, and the main question ordered.
The SPEAKER. As the majority of the Mr. WARD. I call for the yeas and nays upon the Journal clerk that the yeas and nays were not Ilouse evidently seems desirous to get at this
the passage of this joint resolution. taken on ordering the joint resolution to be read resolution in some shape, the Chair will suggest
The yeus and nays were ordered. a third time. The yeas and nays were taken on that a motion to recoinmit is in order afier die
The question was taken, and it was decided in the amendments. Any gentleman, therefore, can third reading has been ordered.
the afhrinative-yeas 85, nays 57, not voting 40; move to reconsider the vote by which the joint Mr. WARD. I will then move to recommit
as follows: resolution was ordered to be read a third time. this joint resolution to the Committee on Com
YEAS-Messrs. Allison, Ames, Ashley Bally, Augustus Mr. FARNSWORTH. I move to reconsider inerce.
C. Bildwin. Jolm D. Baldwin, Baxter, Beainan, Blaine, the vote by which the joint resolution was or- Mr. MORRILL. I move to amend that mo- Blow, Doutwill, Boyd, Braudence, Brooks, Broomall, Amdered to be read a third iimc.
tion by substituing the Committee of Wuys and brose W. Clark, Cole, Ilenry IVinter Davis, Dawes, Dixou, The motion was agreed to. Means for the Committee on Commerce.
Eckley, English, Farnsworth, Ganson, Geocli, Grindell,
Highy, lolman, Nouper, Hotchkiss, Asahel W. tlubbard, The question recurred on ordering the joint res- Mr. WARD. Would it be in order at this
John 1). Hlubbard, Huiburd, Ingersoll, Jenekes, Juliani, olution io be cngrossed and read a third time. time to move to lay the whole subject on the Kelley, Francis W. K 110, Orlando Belloga, keran, Mr. MORRILL. I offer the following as a sub- lable?
Kuos, Loall, Marvin, McClury, Samn: F. Muier, Moor: stitute for the joint resolution, and I move the pre- The SPEAKER. It would.
head, Morrill, Daniel Morris, Amos Nyers, Leonard Myers,
Nortell, Odeli, Charles O'Neill, Orill, Patterson, Perham, vious question on the whole subject.
Mr. WARD. I then move that the whole sub
Pike, Ponieroy, Price, Alexander H. Ricc, Joon II Rice, Mr. WARD. Is not that substitute the same ject be laid on the table, and upon that motion I Robinson, Edward 11. lullins, Sanek, Seoneld, Scou, as was voted down at the last session? call for the yeas and nays.
Shannon, Sloan, Smith, Smilers. Spalding, Starr, Stevens,
Thayer. Thomas, Tracy, l'\011, Van Valkenburgli, Elihu
1. Washburne, William B. Wishburn, Whaley, Williams, from the one voted down at last session.
The question was taken, and it was decided in Wilder, Wilson, and Yeuman-83.
THE OFFICIAL PROCEEDINGS OF CONGRESS, PUBLISHED BY F. & J. RIVES, WASIIINGTON, D. C.
THIRTY-EIGHTH CONGRESS, 20 Session.
FRIDAY, DECEMBER 16, 1364.
NEW SERIES.....No. 3.
NAYS-Messrs. Alley, Ancona, Amold.mess. Brown, the joint resolution (S. No. 82) to encourage en- bill. It provides that a special session of the UniChander, Cobb, Cox, Thomas T. Davis, Denison, Don- listments and promote the efficiency of the mili- ted States district court for the State of Indiana nelly, Eden, Edgerton, Eldridge, Eliot, Finck, Frank, Garfield, liar Tarrington, llerrick, Knapp. Law, Lazcar,
tary forces of the United States, reported it with- shall be holden at the usual place of holding the Liturjol, Long, Mallory, Marey, McDowell, Mcindoe, out amendment.
court on the third Tuesday of December, 1864. McKinney, William 11. Miller, James R. Morris, Morrison, Mr. TRUMBULL, from the Committee on the The second section provides that all suiis and Noble, John O'Neill, Pendleton, Radford, Samuel J. Rau- Judiciary, to whom was referred a resolution rel. proceedings of a civil or criminal nature now dall, James S. Roliins, Ross, John B. Sicele, William G. Steele, Stiles, Swart, Sweat, Townsend, Wadsworth,
ative to the pardon indorsed by the President of pending in, or returnable to, the court, shall be Ward, Wherler, Windom, and Benjamin Wood-57.
the United States on the petition of Lucien An- proceeded in, heard, tried, and determined by the NOT VOTING-Messrs. James C. Allen, William J. derson and others in behalf of William Yocum, court at the special session in the same manner Allen, Anderson, Blair, Bliss, William G. Brown, Free
now confined in the penitentiary at Albany, asked as at a regular term, and the judge is empowered man Clarke, Clay, Cokrotli, Cravens, Creswell, Dawson, Deming, Driggs, Dumont, Fenton, Grider, Griswold, Hale,
to be discharged from its further consideration; to order the impanneling of a petit and grand jury Hall, Benjamin G. Harris, Charles 31. Harris, Hutchins, which was agreed to.
for the session. Philip Johnson, William Johnson, Kalbfleisch, Kisson, He also, from the same committee, to whom The third section provides that the judge of a King, LeBlond, Longycar, McAllister, McBride, Middle
was referred the petition of the members of the district court may, nt any time, order a specialsesion, Nelson, Perry, Pruyn, William H. Raudall, Rogers, Stronse, Voorhees, Webster. Chilion A. Whirr, Josephi W.
grand and pelit juries in altendance at the circuit sion upon due notice, given in such manner as White, Winfield, Fernando Wood, and Woodbridge—10.
and districi courts of the United States in the dis- he may by order direct, for the transaction of any So the preamble and joint resolution were
trict of Michigan praying for an increase of their business embraced in the order directing the spepassed.
compensation, asked to be discharged from its cial session. Mr. MORRILL moved to reconsider the vote further consideration; which was agreed to.
The first amendment of the Committee on the just taken, and also to lay the motion to recon
He also, from the same committee, to whom Judiciary was to strike out, at the end of the first sider on the table; which was agreed to.
was referred a petition of members of the bar of section, the following words," the third Tuesday Mr. MORRILL, I move to amend the title so
the District of Columbia praying that the supreme in December, in the year of our Lord 1864,"and ås to read as follows:
court of the District be authorized to appoint a ste- to insert in lieu thereof, “ the first Tuesday of A joint resolution anthorizing the President of the United
nographic reporter, asked to be discharged from January, 1865.” Stales to give to the Government of Great Britain the no
its further consideration; which was agreed to: The amendment was agreed to. lice required for the termination of the treaty of reciprocity of the 5th day of June, A. D. 1854.
THANKS TO CAPTAIN WINSLOW.
The next amendment of the committee was to The motion was agreed to.
Mr. GRIMES. I am instructed by the Com
strike out the third section of the bill.
The amendment was agreed to.
message of the President of the United States, of The bill was reported to the Senate as amended, By unanimous consent, the House took from the 5th instant, recommending the passage of a and the amendments were concurred in. The bill the Speaker's table and proceeded to consider a
vote of thanks to Captain John A. Winslow, of was ordered to be engrossed for a third reading, joint resolution (H. R. No. 104) reported from the United States Navy, to report a joint resolu- was read the third time, and passed. the Committee on Military Affairs for the relief tion to that effect. The facts in regard to this On motion of Mr. TRUMBULL, the title of the of Major N. S. Brinton.
matter are known to all the members of the Sen- || bill was amended by striking out the words and Mr. GARFIELD. As a bill has already been ate, and I presume that I shall be only carrying for other purposes," so as to read: A bill authorpassed for the relief of Major Brinton, I move to out the views of this body in asking that the res- izing the holding of a special session of the United lay this joint resolution on the table. olution may now be considered.
States district court for the district of Indiana. The motion to lay on the table was agreed to. By unanimous consent the joint resolution
RAIDS FROM THE BRITISH PROVINCES. PRINTING TREASURY REPORT. (S. No. 83) tendering the thanks of Congress to
Mr. CHANDLER. Mr. President, I see in Mr. A. W. CLARK reported back from the Captain John A. Winslow, United States Navy, Committee on Printing the following resolution;
and to the officers and men under his command this morning's paper the following announcement: which was read, considered, and agreed to:
on board the United States steamer Kearsarge, in “ TORONTO, December 13.–The St. Albans raiders have
the conflict with the piratical crast, the Alabama, been discharged for want of jurisdiction. There is much Resolred, That filcen hundred copies of the report of the
excitement." Secretary of the Treasury, with the accompanying docu
in compliance with the President's recommendaments, and one hundred and filty copies of the estimates tion to Congress of the 5th of December, 1864, I desire to offer a couple of resolutions this of appropriation, be printed for the use of the Treasury was read three times and passed.
morning bearing upon this subject, one of them Department.
particularly; but I do not expect to make the SenMr. A. W. CLARK moved to reconsider the
TIIANKS TO LIEUTENANT CUSHING.
ate understand the state of feeling that exists on vote by which the resolution was adopted, and Mr. GRIMES. I am also instructed by the the Canadian border. I have a great number of also moved that the motion to reconsider be laid same committee, to whom was referred a similar
letters in my possession from gentlemen living on the table.
message of the President recommending a vote upon that border. In my own city, which is The latter motion was agreed to.
of thanks to Lieutenant William B. Cushing, of within musket range of the Canadian shore, thou
the United States Navy, to report a joint resoluREPRESENTATION OF LOUISIANA.
sands of the citizens have been under arms for a Mr. DAWES. I move that the remonstrance,
tion; and if there be no objection I will make the long time, and we have been under a continuous
same motion in regard to it, that the Senate now state of alarm for fear of incendiaries, murderers, referred some days ago to the Committee of
proceed to its consideration. Elections, against the claim of certain gentlemen
burglars, and robbers from the Canadian frontier.
There being no objection, the joint resolution From the announcement that I have read it would to represent ihe State of Louisiana, be printed. (S. No. 84) tendering the thanks of Congress The motion was agreed to.
seem to appear that the Canadian authorities have to Lieutenant William B. Cushing, United States And then, on motion of Mr. SCHENCK, the
made up their minds to protect these raiders. As Navy, and to the officers and men who assisted House (at twenty minutes after three o'clock, p.
I understand it, a man goes from the South lo him in fris gallant and perilous achievement in m.) adjourned.
Canada with a commission purporting to be issued destroyit; the rebel steamer Albemarle, in com- by Mr. Davis, enlists his raiding party, crosses pliance with the President's recommendation to
the frontier, murders, robs, burns, destroys, reIN SENATE. Congress of the 5th of December, 1864, was read
turns again to Canada, and is there protected by WEDNESDAY, December 14, 1864. three times and passed.
the authorities. The letters which I have in my Prayer by Rev. W. H. CHANNING, D. D.,
DISTRICT COURT OF INDIANA.
possession are all bearing upon that point. The Chaplain to the House of Representatives.
Mr. TRUMBULL. The Committee on the
one I now hold in my hand is from one of our Hon. WILLARD SAULSBURY, of Delaware, ap- Judiciary, to whom was referred the bill (S. No.
most respectable citizens in the city of Detroit, a peared in his seat to-day. 352) authorizing the holding of a special session
gentleman of great wealth, of high political and The Journal of yesterdaywas read and approved. of the United States district court for the district
social position, and who earnestly desires to avoid PETITIONS AND MEMORIALS. of Indiana, and for other purposes, have directed
a difficulty with Great Britain ai this time. He
says: Mr. NESMITH presented a memorial of the me to report it back with amendments. The only
" The anxiety growing out of the mist and doubt encirLegislature of Oregon in favor of the location of object of the bill is to hold a special term of the
cling cvery ruinor that reaches us is not to be endured, and a national foundery, arsenal, and manufactory of district court in the State of Indiana, which has
upon some slight provocation, one of these days, regardless arms at the falls of the Willamette, near Oregon
been rendered necessary in consequence of the or neutral lines, our people will be found in Canada en. City, in that State; which was referred to the Com
decease of the judge, and as the term is fixed for gaged in some act thai the Canadian Government will say mittee on Military Affairs and the Milicia. an early day, at the request of the Senators from
is wrong, and, sooner or later, war will be the result; this
we do not want." that State, I ask the Senate to consider the bill at Mr. WILSON presented a memorial of medithis time.
Again he says: cal storekeepers praying to be allowed the pay and emoluments of surgeons in the Army; which was
Mr. BROWN. Is the bill going to give rise to “Will you give it your attention, for I think it involves, discussion ?
sooner or later, if not properly heeded, war with Engreferred to the Committee on Military Affairs and
land." the Mililia.
Mr. TRUMBULL. None at all. It merely
proposes to authorize the holding of a special As I said when I commenced, I have no ex-
pectation of making the Senate comprehend this Mr. WILSON, from the Committee on Mili- There being no objection, the Senate, as in Com-Blate of excitement, this intense state of feeling tary Affairs and the Militia, to whom was referred mitice of the Whole, proceeded to consider the which exists on that border. Vermont may, for