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ment. No one, I know, in this House can be increasing the volume of the currency, which he 000,000—in ten dollar notes, if he chooses to do
The Treasury noies issued under ihe If all the capitalists of the country believed fully error I will be very glad to be corrected-lo en- second section may be and have been issued in and beyond doubt that this rebellion would be large the quantity of money, or of value, that is such a form and of such denominations as to enter suppressed and this Government reëstablished, authorized to be issued under the second section into the circulating medium of the country. A then, sir, you would not find gold more than of the act of June 30, 1864, in the form peculiar | gentleman in this House showed me awhile ago twenty per cent. above the lawful money of the to that second section. In other words, it is to a fifty dollar nole professing to be issued under country. But as it is, sir, that absolute and en- extend the amount of those notes beyond the that section, tire confidence does not exist, partly from fear of $200,000,000 in the form which the second sec- Mr. STEVENS. Under a subsequent section, non-success and partly from fear of the action of tion allows.
not under that section. These notes were issued the Government in allowing an increase of the Mr. KASSON. Mr. Chairman, in compliance in exchange for legal tenders, with a view to the volume of the currency, both national and State with the request of the gentleman from Maryland, destruction of the latter. -an increase much more fearful in its effects from (Mr. Davis,) I desire to correct that misapprehen- Mr. DAVIS, of Maryland. There is, Mr. the action of State banks, sanctioned by the State sion of his. There were $200,000,000 authorized Chairman, nothing to prevent just such notes Legislatures of the land, than from any other under the first section of the act of June 30, 1864, being issued under the second section. The gencause; and I hope that this Congress, before it ad- to be issued in the peculiar bonds which he hasc tleman who is at the head of the Committee of journs, will tax out of existence all the State bank referred to. Thal power was partially, and only Ways and Means proposes to offer a proviso circulation of the country, and I hope that the partially, exhausted by the Treasury Department. limiting to some extent ihe discretion of the Secpower will be vested in the Secretary of the Treas- Under ihe second section they have proceeded retary of the Treasury under the second section; ury to issue legal-lender notes when it shall be- with the issuance of seven-thirties, and are still that is, providing that no legal-tender notes shall come absolutely necessary to carry on the finances proceeding with it, until there is but a small por- be issued. But, sir, something more is required. of the Government. But I hope and believe that tion, less than half, of the amount authorized by Although a note be not a legal tender-ihat is, the Secretary of the Treasury will never exercise the second section remaining unissued. The De- although a man may not be coercible to receive that power except upon the most urgent neces- partment cannot return to the first section and il-yet if it be in form and amount susceptible sily, for I have very great confidence in that gen- issue the balance unissued under it, in seven-tbir- of being used in ordinary exchange, its value is tleman's judgment and discretion, and so believe tics, for the first section does not authorize it. The the same as if it were an absolute legal tender. ing, I am opposed to the amendment of the effect of this bill, therefore, with the proviso pro- It will pass from hand to hand to the same pur. gentleman from lowa.
posed by the committee, is, so far from enlarging | pose; it will be received upon the credit of the Mr. DAWES. Will my colleague inform me ihe power of the Secretary, lo confine the exercise same Government; it will have exactly the same why $100,000,000 of national currency does not of that power to the balance unissued under the effect in increasing, and therefore inflating, the indate the currency just as much as $100,000,000 second section, and does not permit the Secretary currency of Slate currency? It may not be so, but I would to go back to the issue of bonds under the firsi Now, sir, I am not willing to put in the hands like to know why. section.
of any officer the power to issue one more dollar, Mr. ALLEY.' I will answer my colleague by Mr. DAVIS, of Maryland. Mr. Chairman, I if it can be, under ordinary circumstances, treated saying that it does inflate the currency to just the am still not clear as to ihe operation of this bill, or used as or converted into a circulating mesame amount, but there is this difference: the Gov. or what is intended to be accomplished under it. dium. The credit of the Government can supply ernment not only saves the interest but has the The first section of the act of June 30, 1864, au- itsell, and must supply itself, by loans, on long control of the whole thing in its own hands, and thorizes the Secretary of the Treasury to borrow, | date or short date, for regular investments here if it is indispensable to the salvation of the Gov- on the credit of the Únited States, $400,000,000, or in Europe, without disordering the currency ernment that it should issue $100,000,000 of legal- for which he is to issue a particularform ofbond. of the country or making people pay iwo or three tender currency, as it has been obliged to do in the The second section says thut the Secretary of the prices for the necessaries of life, or reducing the past, then I am in favor of it for the same reason Treasury may issue on the credit of the United fixed incomes of persons to one half or one third that I was in favor of making the Government States, and in lieu of an equal amount of bonds of what they really are. There is no state of issues a legal tender as an uncontrollable neces- authorized by the preceding session, Treasury circumstances that can justify such a thing; there sity and choice of evils.
notes notexceeding $200,000,000. I understand, is certainly none now probable; and I will act (Here the hammer fell.]
now, that the purpose is to allow a sum additional only in view of whai is probable, and will cast Mr. SCOFIELD. I want to ask the gentleman to the $200,000,000 provided for in the second sec- no vote that directiy or expressly or by implicafrom Massachusetts if I understood him aright. | lion to be issued in the form authorized in the text. tion authorizes such a thing in one shape or anIf I understand his position, he is opposed to the (Here the hammer sell.]
other. Now, if it is possible to put this bill in issuing of any more legal-tender noies, but is in Mr. KASSON. I trust the gentleman will be such a shape as to prevent that construction being favor of a law to authorize their issue, just as our allowed to proceed, as I have consumed part of put upon it, it shall have my vote; otherwise, I Democratic friends said here the other day on the his time.
cannot vote for it. constitutional amendment, they were all opposed Mr. DAVIS, of Mary!and. I am endeavoring Mr. PRICE. I must oppose the amendment to slavery but were equally opposed to its prohi- to get, if possible, some intelligence of the matter of the gentlernan from Maryland. I desire that bition.
before the House. At this moment I am abso- he shall not strike out any part of my amendMr. ALLEY. Mr. Chairman, I am opposed || lutely at sea. As to doing it in five minutes, I
I am in favor of assisting the Committee to the exercise, as I said, of this power except cannot do it.
of Ways and Means in this matter; and I am only upon the most urgent necessity. I was in favor Mr. KERNAN. Mr. Chairman, as I under- sorry to find that my efforts to assist them have of the passage of the legal-tender act, as I have stand it, the effect of passing the law proposed been so little appreciated. Now, sir, this cuts said, as a matter of uncontrollable necessity, and will be to authorize the Secretary of the Treasury down the amount of bonds to be issued, and inupon no other ground. Tam in favor now of con- to add $70,000,000 of legal-tender notes to the legal- creases the amount of Treasury notes to be issued; ferring this power, because the time may arise tender noies now in circulation. In other words and all I have to say, and all that need be said, in when the very salvation of the Government de- there is now $70,000,000 unissued of what was reference to it is simply this: I propose that the pends on its exercise, and I would hold the Sec- authorized to be issued by the second section of Secretary of the Treasury shall not have power retary of the Treasury responsible for a rigid ad- the law of last June. The Secretary is author- to issue anything but seven-thirties. The sevenherence to this policy of decreasing rather than ized to issue that, and, in addition, to issue $130,- | thirties are a good investment; everybody appears
to be in favor of them; and I propose that the Sec- tleman. Why issue any more legal-tender notes? ized the issuing of $400,000,000 in bonds. The retary of the Treasury shall not issue anything but Why not stop where we are?
second section allowed $200,000,000 of that the seven-thirties.
Mr. DAVIS, of Maryland, rose.
amount to be issued in Treasury notes, comIn reference to the argument that he cannot Mr. KASSON. Let'me answer the gentleman pound interest, semi-annually, or in other forms. issue anything else, let me say one word. I hold from Pennsylvania. I will say that I know of no Gentlemen tell us that of that $200,000,000 not a in my hand a fifty dollar note, issued on the 15th reason or necessity for the issuing of them at this dollar has been issued under that clause; and of August, 1864, and under the authority of the time.
therefore the Secretary of the Treasury has the act of June 30, 1864, the very act which this bill Mr. SCOFIELD. Let us stop them.
whole range of that $200,000,000. proposes to amend. A genilemen near me has Mr. KASSON. If from some disaster in the Mr. STEVENS. "Some of it has been issued anoiher note of the same kind, a ten dollar note. money market our troops should be deprived of in the shape of seven-thirties. So you see, Mr. Chairman, that, under that act, the payment necessary for the support of their Mr. GARFIELD. Now, the bill before us the Treasury Department does issue notes which families, and we should not have means to recover asks that the remaining bonds of the first section, go to swell the volume of the currency; and I from that disaster, where is the member who which could not be issued in notes, may also be propose that this shall not be done under this bill would deny the power to furnish depreciated cur- issued in notes. It seems to me therefore, if, as when it becomes a law.
rency, if gentlemen choose to call it so, and sup- | gentlemen say, the Secretary has not used the Mr. STEVENS. I thought I had already suf- | ply the wants of the Government?
power conferred upon him under the first clause ficiently explained that those notes were not issued Mr. SCOFIELD. Where is the capitalist in of the second section, they want to give him still under the first and second sections, but under the country, if that emergency should arise, who more power than that which he has already. a subsequent section, authorizing the issuing of would not furnish the means to pay the troops ? On ihe 12th day of this month there had been them for the exchange of legal tenders, with a Mr. KASSON. Mr. Chairman, I am sorry to issued at the Treasury Department $120,000,000 view to the destruction of the latter. All the notes say that I agree with the chairman of the Com- | of compound-interest notes, like those which have in that form have been issued under that section mittee of Ways and Means, that these capitalists been cxhibited on the floor this morning, six per of the act.
are not willing to loan money without some com- cent. compound notes, interest payable semiMr. PRICE. That explanation is legitimate pensation; and I also think that they will not loan annually. I took the information myself from and correct; but I think the committee must see it unless they believe they will do better in loan- the Treasury Department. that if the Secretary of the Treasury could, under ing it to the Government.
Mr. BOUTWELL. Does the gentleman mean the original law, issue these bills, which are legal I will now hear the question the gentleman from that we shall understand that $120,000,000 of the tenders, and which go to swell the volume of the Maryland desires to ask.
six per cent, notes have been issued under the aucurrency, he can, under the amendatory act now Mr. DAVIS, of Maryland. I ask my friend thority contained in the second section of the bill? proposed, do the same thing, provided we do not from lowa why he will not accept this as an Have they not been issued to redeem previous restrain him in that respect. amendment to the section?
notes, called United States notes ? Now, if the seven-thirties are what the country Provided, That no nole issued under this law shall be
Mr. GARFIELD. I do not say they were all wants-and all the gentlemen say that they are a legal-tender note, and no note shall be issued of a less issued under the authority of the act referred to, then I do the country and the Secretary of the denomination than $100.
but I do say that the whole issue of notes of that Treasury no injustice in offering my amendment, That prevents it, first, from becoming a legal- || description was $120,000,000 on the 12th of this because I only propose that the Secretary of the tender note; and secondly, of being of such a de- month; and that they, together will
all other notes Treasury shall issue just what the country says
nomination as will circulate as currency. I
issued by the Government of the United States, it wants, and what the gentlemen on this floor, pose to offer the amendment at some proper time. not including national currency, amounted to a including the Committee of Ways and Means, Mr.KASSON. I have no objection to so much fraction over $707,000,000. say is demanded. I propose to restrain the Sec- of the amendment as fixes the denomination of Mr. BOUTWELL. I would inquire whether retary of the Treasury from doing just what $100. Touching the other I have no authority the $120,000,000 were not issued to cancel legaleverybody says he ought not to do. What ob- from the committee.
tender notes? jection, then, can there possibly be to my amend- Mr. DAVIS, of Maryland, by unanimous cor- Mr.GARFIELD. I understand they were isment? Certainly none whatever. "Bent, withdrew his amendment.
sued to take up legal-tender notes, and that it is a Mr. DAVIS, of Maryland. I withdraw my Mr. MORRILL. I move to strike out the last mere transfer of the currency before the country. amendment, and move to strike out the last four two words to make a few remarks.
But the $200,000,000 of notes of this description words.
Mr. Chairman, if the Committee of Ways and authorized by the second section of the act of June Mr. Chairman, there is still a little confusion Means had concluded to report a bill here merely | 30, 1864, have not been used, and it is proposed on this subject. The gentleman at the head of authorizing the Secretary of the Treasury to ob- to extend the power in reference to them. the Committee of Ways and Means states, what tain loans according to the form of the second Mr. MORRILL. I withdraw my amendment, I have no doubt he is perfectly accurate in stating, section of the act of June 30, 1864, I suppose Mr. STEVENS. I move to strike out the last that, as a matter of fact, no new legal-tender notes that all the purposes of the Secretary of the word of the amendment for the purpose of saying, have been issued under this section, and that the Treasury would have been accomplished. That once for all, that gentlemen do not seem to underfifty dollar note shown me by my friend from is all this act will do if we pass it as it has stand that these compound notes referred to are Ohio and the ten dollar note shown me by my been reported from the Committee of Ways and to be issued under the second section of the act of friend from Massachusetts were issued under a Means, with the amendment subsequently pro- 1863, which will be found upon page 710 of the particular clause of this section giving to the Seco | posed by the chairman. We did not think it Statutes, of which $400,000,000 were authorized retary of the Treasury the right to cancel and de- wise at ihe present time to give any authority to be issued upon the conditions therein constroy any Treasury notes heretofore issued under to the Secretary of the Treasury to issue legal- tained. By the bill of 1864, the Secretary of the the authority of this act, and substitute therefor tender notes in any form. That power, under | Treasury was allowed to issue the same kind of an equal amount of Treasury notes such as are the law of June 30, 1864, has not been exer- notes, but merely to exchange for those. It was authorized by this act. While it is true in point cised except to issue notes for those which have done in that way, and no other. of fact that ihe Secretary of the Treasury may been canceled, and under a former law varying Now, if gentlemen wish to embarrass the Denot have exercised his discretion to issue all of the form, so as to issue six per cent. compound-partment, when we have gone as far as we think them in a shape susceptible of being used as cor- interest notes. But there has been no absolute proper to go in the proposed amendment, that rency, yet the power, it seems to me, still there increase of currency, but rather a diminution of no legal-tender notes shall be issued; if they wish exists, and it was because the power existed he even that class of notes under the administration to take away all authority to issue seven-thirties, was authorized under this very section to redeem of the present Secretary of the Treasury. without which the Department cannot get along, in another form of security and issue these very Now, as the Secretary will be bound by law, let them do it. It is for our friends to say whether notes in lieu of them.
if this act shall pass, he will have the authority they intend to sustain this Government or not. I am not complaining of the Secretary of the which was conferred upon him by the act of June I'move that the committee rise for the purpose Treasury. I do not see that he has abused the 30, 1864, to issue legal-tender notes to the extent of closing all debate upon this bill. confidence reposed in him. Monot say that he has of sixty or seventy million dollars. With that The motion was agreed to. issued a single dollar of the original $200,000,000; we do not propose to interfere at all. The Secre- So the committee rose; and the Speaker having but I say that the language of the section author- tary of the Treasury says that power is indispen- resumed the chair, Mr. SPALDING reported that izes him, and that authority I object to.
sable to him, and that it will be indispensable to the Committee of the Whole on the state of the Mr. KASSON. I wish to state further, in anybody who administers the power which he Union had, according to order, had under conanswer to the gentleman from Maryland, that the now has, that he shall have that option remaining | sideration the special order, being a bill (H. R. purpose I at least, as one of the members of the in order to enable him to negotiale loans on fair No. 677) to amend an aci entitled "An act to Committee of Ways and Means, sought to accom
That he considers to be all that will be provide ways and means for the support of the plish will be shown by interpreting the amend. necessary, and he will be perfectly content if no Government, and for other purposes," approved ment proposed by that committee. It is provided more power be granted. I trust that under the June 30, 1864, and had come to no resolution that this act shall not be so construed as to give present circumstances in reference to the power, thereon. any authority for the issue of any legal-tender now nearly exhausted, for the issuing of these Mr, STEVENS. I move that all debate in notes in any form. So far I use the language of seven-thirties, we shall not restrict him as to the Committee of the Whole on the state of the Union the committee. Now for my own: Beyond | particular form.
on the special order be closed in one minute after the balance unissued of the amount authorized by It has been said that the power should be lim- its consideration shall be resumed. the second section of the act to which this is an ited to the issuing of notes not less in amount Mr. HOLMAN. I believe the debate can be amendment.". I state that to be the purport of than $100. Why, many of our soldiers will be closed upon only one section at a time. the committee's amendment, and certainly what H glad to obtain these bonds in small amounts, and The SPEAKER. Only upon one section. I intended to be the purport of it. I desire to have 80 will many small capitalists.
Mr. STEVENS. Then I'move to close all deit fully expressed, as much so as any member of Mr. GARFIELD. 'I am very anxious to have bate upon the first section and the amendmenin this House.
the gentleman answer a question or two. The pending thereto. Mr. SCOFIELD. Let me interrupt the gen- || first section of the act of June 30, 1864, author- The motion was agreed to.
Mr. STEVENS. I move to suspend the rules, money or the money of Europe for them; that is, and that the House resolve itself into the Commit- not only our own gold coin, but European gold tec of the Whole on the state of the Union. coin. That is the only object. The motion was agreed to.
Mr. BROOKS. One furiher inquiry. I should So the rules were suspended; and the House ac- like to know from the chairman of the Committee cordingly resolved itself into the Committee of the of Ways and Means in whose hands these bonds Whole on the state of the Union, and resumed are in Europe. the consideration of the special order, the pend- Mr. STEVENS. The Secretary of the Treasing question being on the amendment offered by ury does not name the parties in whose hands Mr. PRICE.
they are. But I understand they are deposited The question was taken, and the amendment in the hands of Baring. was disagreed 10-ayes eleven, noes not counted. Mr. BROOKS. Hypothecated there?
Mr. DAVIS, of Maryland. I move to add to Mr. STEVENS. No, sir. Deposited there the first section of the bill the following proviso: for sale.
Proriled, That no rotes issued under the law shall be a The question was taken on the amendment of
Mr. STEVENS. Tintended to offer an amend'The question was taken, and there were-ayes ment, but as that offered by the gentleman from 22, noes 45; no quorum voting.
Maryland (Mr. Davis] has been adopted, I am Mr. WILSON called for lellers.
not sure whether we will ask the House to pass 'Tellers were ordered; and Mr. Hooper and the bill. I move now that the committee rise and Mr. Davis, of Maryland, were appointed. report the bill to the House.
The committee divided, and the tellers reported The motion was agreed to. -ayes 54, noes 39.
So the committee rose; and the Speaker having So the amendment was agreed to.
resumed the chair, Mr. SPALDING reported that There being no further amendments offered to the Committee of the Whole on the state of the the first section of the bill, the Clerk read the Union had had under consideration, as a special second section.
order, a bill (H. R. No. 677) to amend an act enMr. STEVENS. I move to amend the second titled "An act to provide ways and means for the section by striking out all after the word “ advis- support of the Governmeni, and for other purable" in the severch line down to the end of the poses,”approved June 30, 1864, and had directed section, as follows:
him to report the same back to the House with And the Secretary of the Treasury is further authorized two amendments, 10 issue bonds of the description issued under the ruthority Mr. STEVENS. I move the previous question of the ile't 01-20 June, 1863, in pursuance of the police for on the bill and amendments. “ proposals for lonns,” dated 8th September, 1850, to sub. scribers to that loan for the one per cent. deposited under said
Mr. SCOFIELD. Task my colleague to with. police and increpaid: Provided, That the bonds so issued
draw the motion so as to let me offer an amendshull bear no more than five per cent. interest: An pro- ment. riol jurther, That frictional amounts may be repaid in Mr. STEVENS. What is it? lawrul nuoney of the United States.
Mr. SCOFIELD. I wish to amend the amendMr. Chairman, I make this motion because I ment offered by the gentleman from Maryland, am not quite satisfied, from the evidence which
(Mr. Davis,] by inserting after the words "this we have, that these bonds ought to be issued. It law" the words “nor the act to which this is a may be that hereafter we shall be supplied with supplement." sullicient evidence to induce us to grant these Mr. STEVENS. I rather think that if the bonds. During the last Administration, propo- House agree to the amendment proposed by the sals were made for bonds payable, I believe, in gentleman from Maryland we shall not ask for 1Sil, and a deposit was required at the time that the passage of the bill. I cannot withuruw the proposal was made of one per cent. A large motion for the previous question. number of those who made proposals paid up, The previous question was seconded, and the bulthe loan fell in value according to my informa- main question ordered, which was first on the first tion. Some say that it was because the Secretary amendment reported by the Committee of the of the Treasury did not call for it, and others say Whole on the state of the Union, as follows: that it was because the loan thus full; but for some Add at the end of the first section : reason or other a portion of those who had bid Provided, That 110 note issued under this law shall be a did not go on and comply with their contracts.
legal iender, and no note shall be issued of a less denomiThe loan went below par. Now it is above par,
nation than $100. and they come in and ask that the deposit which Mr. DAVIS, of Maryland, demanded the yeas they had made as a forfeiture shall be given
and nays. to them in bonds.
The yeas and nays were ordered. As I said before, I am not satisfied that it was Mr. KASSON. I wish to inquire of the Chair the fault of the Government that they were not
whether that amendment is not susceptible of dipaid. My information about that is various. The
vision. Treasury Department has heard that Mr. Cobb The SPEAKER. It is not. An amendment did not call for them. The information from other reported by the Committee of the Whole on the very respectable sources is that they declined to state of the Union must be voted on as a whole. pay it up. Therefore I do not wish to express
Mr. KASSON. There are two distinct propoan absolute judgment on the question now, and
sitions in it. would rather have further time to consider it. If
The SPEAKER. The rule is that an amendit is proper we can put it into another appropria
ment reported from the Committee of the Whole tion bill.
as an entire amendment is not divisible. If the Mr. BROOKS. Mr. Chairman, that obviates
amendment were offered in the House as an indethe necessity of some inquiries that I was about
pendent proposition, it would be divisible; but, to make of the chairman of the Committee of being reported from the Committee of the whole Ways and Means; but there are one or two other on the state of the Union, it must be voted on as points on which I desire information. The gen
a whole. tleman will excuse me, for I have no other means The question was taken; and it was decided in of obtaining information on the subject. The first
the negative-yeas 60, nays 63, not voting 60; as point on which I desire to make an inquiry is in follows: regard to the amount of $4,000,000 specified in YEAS–Messrs. Allison, Ancona, Augustus C. Baldwin, the fourth line of the second section. Why is Blaine, Brooks, Broomall, James S. Brown, Chander, Clay, that special sum selected? I wish also to make
Colc, Cox, Creswell, Henry Winter Davis, Dawes, Daw
son, Denison, Driggs, Eden, Edgerton, Eldridge, Finck, an inquiry about the sixth line-"or, if he shall Ganson, Charles M. Harris, William Jolinson, Kalbfleischi, find it expedient, in Europe at any time” to dis. Orlandó Kellogg, Kernani, Lazear, Long, Mallory, Mcpose of these bonds he may do it. Is it worth
Dowell, Middleton, Samuel F. Miller, Noble, Odell, John while to put in these words? What is the object
O'Neill, Pendleton, Perry, Price, Samuel J. Randall, Rog
ers, James S. Rollins, Ross, Schenck, Scorield, Sloan, of them?
Spalding, William G. Steele, Strouse, Townsend, Tracy, Mr. STEVENS, When these bonds were is.
Wadsworth, Elihu B. Washburne, Willian B. Washburn, sued, $4,000,000 worth of them were sent to Lon
Wheeler, Chilton A. White, Joseph W. White, Williams, don for the purpose of being disposed of. They
Wilder, and Wilson--60.
NAY'S-Messrs. Ames, Arnold, Ashley, Baily, Jolin D. were never disposed of. They remain on hand Baldwin, Caxter, Beaman, Blow, Boutwell, Buyd, Ambrose now in Europe. This is to authorize the Secre- IV. Ca k, Cub, Dening, Dixoli, Dol111elly, Eckley, Eliot, tary of the Treasury to dispose of them either
English, Frank, Garfield, Gourli, Grinnell, Hale, Ilolman, here or in Europe, and to receive either our own || bard, Ingersoll, Jeuckes, Philip Johnson, Julian, K ngon,
Hooper, Hotchkiss, Asahel W. 'Hubbard, Jolin' u. Hub
Kelley, Knox, Littlejohn, Loan, Longyear, Marvin, McAl-
NOT VOTING-Messrs. Janies C. Allen, William J. Al-
So the amendment was rejected.
Mr. JOHNSON, of Pennsylvania. I move to reconsider the vole just laken.
Mr. STEVENS. I move that the motion to reconsider be laid on the table.
Mr. JOHNSON, of Pennsylvania. I demand the yeas and nays.
The yeas and nays were ordered.
The question was taken; and it was decided in
YEAS-Messrs. Ames, Amold, Baily, John D. Baldwin,
NAYS-Messrs. Allison, Ancona, Augustus C. Baldwin,
NOT VOTING-Messrs. James C. Allen, William J. Al-
So the motion to reconsider was laid on the table.
The next amendment adopted in Committee of the Whole was read, as follows:
Strike out in the second section all after the word " advisable," as follows:
And ile Secretary of the Treasury is further authorized to issue bonds of ihe description issiled under the authority of the act of 220 June, 1860, in pursuance of the notice for " proposals for loan,'' dated 8th September, 1860, to subscribers to that loan for the one per cent. deposited under said notice and une repaid : Prorileil, That the bonds so issued shall bear not more than five per cent. interest: And provided further, That fractional amounts may be repaid in lawful nioncy of the United States.
The amendment was agreed to.
Mr. STEVENS. I ask unanimous consent to offer an amendment.
There was no objection.
Mr. STEVENS. I move to amend by adding the following:
Proviied, That this act shall not be so construed as 10 give any authority for the issue of any legal-celider solen in any form, beyond the balance unissued of the amount allthorized by the second section of the act to which this is an amendment.
On this amendment I call the previous question.
Mr. DAVIS, of Maryland. I ask the gentleman to allow me to move an amendment to his amendment, providing that these notes shall not be of a less denomination than $100.
Mr. STEVENS. I cannot yield for that purpose. That is the very part of the gentleman's amendment to which I'most objected.
The previous question was seconded, and the main question ordered, and under the operation thereof the amendment of Mr. STEVENS was adopted.
The bill was ordered to be engrossed and read
duced, order 1
#third time; and being engrossed, it was accord- The VICE PRESIDENT. That is a proposi- || March 4, 1865; which were read and ordered to ingly read the third time.
tion noi in accordance with the fact. The resolu- be filed. Mr. STEVENS demanded the previous ques- tion was reported back with an amendment, ac
EXECUTIVE COMMUNICATIONS. tion on the passage of the bill. cording to ihe Senator's own statement, and the
The VICE PRESIDENT laid before the SenThe previous question was seconded, and the Journal is right. main question ordered.
Mr. WILSON. The form of the resolution as
atc a report of the Secretary of War, stating that Mr. HOLMAN demanded the yeas and nays, reported was precisely the same as the original General to resolutions of the Senate of the 10th
he will cause a prompt response by the Adjutant and tellers on the yeas and nays. resolution, with the exception of the title. It was
instant calling for information in relation to major Tellers were not ordered, and the yeas and not intended to amend the resolution except lo nays were not ordercd. make a new draft to render it more perfect.
and brigadier generals in the service of the Uni. The bill was then passed.
The VICE PRESIDENT. The Journal is in
ted States and officers of the regular Army of the
United States; which was ordered to lie on the Mr. STEVENS moved to reconsider the vote accordance with the fact, however.
table. by which the bill was passed; and also moved that
Mr. DIXON. Do I understand the Chair to
He also laid before the Senate a report of the the motion to reconsider be laid on the table. decide that the Journal cannot be corrected ? The latter motion was agreed to.
Secretary of the Interior, communicating, in obe.
dience to law, copies of the accounts of the superADJOURNMENT OVER.
intendents and agents having in charge the refugee the facts in the case, if the Chair understands the Mr. SCHENCK moved that when the House Senator from Massachusetts. The Journal can
Creek, Choctaw, Chickasuw, and Seminole In
dians, for the third quarter of 1864, which was adjourns to-day it adjourn to meet on Monday be enlarged by stating the additional fact that the
refcrred to the Committee on Indian Affairs. next,
amendment was precisely the original resolution He also laid before the Senate a report of the The motion was agreed to.
with a title, if that be the fact. POST OFFICE APPROPRIATION BILL. Mr. DIXON. With deference to the Chair, I pliance with a resolution of the Senate of the 12th
Secretary of the Interior, communicating, in comwill say that the amendment of the title was a Mr. STEVENS. I move to take up House different amendment, entirely, and subsequent to
instant, information in relation to the amount paid bill No. 659, making appropriations for the ser- the first proposition. The chairman of the com
by that Department for attorney and counsel sees vice of the Post Office Department during the fiscal mittee stated that he reported the resolution with
from June 30, 1863, to January 1, 1865, which
was ordered to lie on the table. year ending the 30th of June, 1866, in order that
an amendment, and he then sent to the Chair the it may be considered in the House as in Commit
He also laid before the Senate a report of the identical resolution without the crossing of a t or tee of the Whole on the state of the Union.
Secretary of War, in response lo a resolution of a dotting of an i, and the Senate then proceeded Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. Is it the
the 5th instant calling for information as to the to accept that as an amendment. Asicrward the ordinary Post Office appropriation bill? chairman also recommended that a tiile should
number of men enlisted in the naval service who Mr. STEVENS. liis. be added, and that amendment was made. The
have been credited on the military quotas of the Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. Then I hope | Journal states that the resolution itself was re
respective States and the principle and evidence it will be taken up and passed.
on which such credits were allowed; which was ported with an amendment, striking out the whole The bill was taken up and read. resolution and inserting another, winich I, with due
ordered to lie on the table. The bill was then ordered to be engrossed and deference to the Chair, submit was incorrect in
PETITIONS AND MEMORIALS. read a third time; and being engrossed, it was ac- point of fact. I submit this amendment to the Mr. WADE presented the petition of citizens cordingly read the third time, and passed. Journal, to make it read
of Ohio, praying that provision may be made for Mr. STEVENS moved to reconsider the vote
66 The Committee on Military Affairs and the Militia, to the exchange of Union soldiers now in the hands by which the bill was passed; and also moved that whom was referred the joint resolution,"
of the rebels; which was referred to the Commiithe motion to reconsider be laid on the table. “reported it without amendment and recommended its
tee on Military Affairs and the Militia.
He also presented the memorial of a commit-
tee appointed at a convention of the publishers of Mr. ASHLEY, by unanimous consent, pre- amended, but that is not in accordance with the
weekly newspapers in Ohio, held at Columbus,
January 4, 1865, praying for a repeal of the duty scnted joint resolutions of the Legislature of Ohio statement of the Senator from Massachusetts. directing the Senators and requesting the mem- Mr. WILSON. I desire simply to say that the
on printing paper; which was referred to the Com
milice on Finance, bers from that State to vote for the amendment to resolution as it went to the committee had no tille.
He also presented thirty-four petitions of offi. the Constitution of the United States in relation The committee reported it back in a new draft,
cers in the military service of the United States, to slavery; which were laid on the table and or- not intending to call that an amendment, but with dered to be printed. a view of having a title and having the proposi- | praying for an increase of the pay of Army offi
cers; which were referred to the Committee on APPORTIONMENT OF NAVAL RECRUITS. tion perfect; but the body of the resolution as
Military Affairs and the Militia. reported and passed was word for word as it was The SPEAKER laid before the House a letter
Mr. WILSON presented the petition of Brigaintroduced. from the Secretary of War, transmitting, in com
dier General T. ). Wood and other oflicers in
The VICE PRESIDENT. If the Senator will pliance with a resolution of the House, a report
the military service of the United States, praying state the transaction precisely as it took place in in regard to the apportionment of naval recruits the Senate, the Journal will be made to correspond
for an increase of the pay of Army officers; which among the different enrollment districts; which,
was referred to the Committee on Military Affairs with the fact, on motion of Mr. Pixe, was referred to the Com
and the Militia,
Mr. WILSON. I should like to have it cormittee on Naval Affairs, and ordered to be printed. | rected by inserting the additional words proposed, || officers in the military service of the United States,
He also presented fifty-five other petitions of CHIANGE OF VESSEL'S NAME. and thai will make the whole matter right.
praying for an increase of the pay of Army offi
The VICE PRESIDENT. If the Senator will Mr. ODELL, by unanimous consent, intro
cers; which were referred to iné Commitiee on duced a bill changing the name of the William F.
state that he meant to report the resolution withStorer, owned by Charles H. Marshall, to the out amendment, the Journal will be so corrected
Military Affairs and the Militia. International; which was read a first and second if there be no objection.
Mr. HARLAN presented the memorial of Rob
ert B. Riell, lieutenant United States Navy, pray
Mr. CLARK. I submit that it can be of no time, and referred to the Committee on Com
ing that he may be allowed his proper promotion merce.
consequence in the world to amend the Journal And then, on motion of Mr. STEVENS, (at after these explanations. It should stand as it is.
in the grade of commanders, which has been des
nied him in consequence of the report of a medi
The VICE PRESIDENT, The Senator from five minutes to four o'clock, p. m.,) the House
cal board; which was referred to the Committee adjourned. Connecticut was understood to offer a proposition.
on Naval Affairs, Mr. DIXON. I understand that the Senator
Mr. HOWARD presented the memorial of the IN SENATE. from Massachusetts does stale, as the Chair has
officers of the 4th Michigan infantry, asking for MONDAY, January 23, 1865. suggested, that the committee intended to report
an increase of pay; which was referred to the the resolution back without amendment. Prayer by Rev. Thomas BOWMAN, D. D., Chap
Committee on Military Affairs and the Militia.
The VICE PRESIDENT. If the Senator from lain to the Senate.
He also presented a petition of clerks in the Massachusetts so states, the Journal will be so The Journal of Thursday last was read, con
Treasury Department, praying for an increase of corrected. taining the following passage:
salary; which was referred to the Commillee on Mr. WILSON, I do.
Finance. "Mr. Wilson, from the Committee on Military Affairs The VICE PRESIDENT. The Journal will and the Militia, in whom was referred the joint resolution
Mr. SUMNER presented a petition of acting so corrected, if there be no objection.
assistant surgeons United States Army, praying General Alfred U. Terry, and to the officers and men under
for an increase of compensation and that they may bis cominand, for their gallantry and good conduct in the
from Massachusetts was entirely correct. I occurecent capture of Fort l'istier, reported it with an ainend- pied the chair at the time. He reported back the
be exempt from draft, and that they may be reim
bursed for all expenses necessarily incurred in the resolution in a new draft, and it was taken up as
line of their duties; which was referred to the PROPOSED CORRECTION OF THE JOURNAL. in a new draft and amended ain passed. The Mr. WILSON. I desire to move a correction Journal is right as to the precise point of fact.
Committee on Military Affairs and the Militia. of the Journal. I see that it states that the joint
The VICE PRESIDENT. The proposed cor
He also presented a petition of citizens of the resolution of thanks to General Terry was rerection will be made, the Chair hearing no objec- the enactment of a law to secure a republican
United States residing in New York, praying for tion. ported back with an amendment. There was no
form of government and abolish and forever protitle to the resolution as it was originally intro
hibit slavery in the United States; which was duced, and it was reported back in a new draft in Mr. CHANDLER presented the credentials of referred to the select committee on slavery and order to perfect it. I propose to amend the Jour- | Hon. Jacob M. HOWARD, chosen by the Legis- || freedmen. mal by saying that it was reported back without | lature of the State of Michigan a Senator from Mr. MORGAN presented the petition of amendment.
that State for the term of six years commencing | Thomas Murphy, praying that he may be re
lieved from any obligation to the Government Porter, and to the officers, petty officers, seamen, mittee on Finance, and also by the unanimous under his contract of the 26th of June, 1864, lo and marines under his command, for their gal- vote of the Senate, there being no discussion in furnish iwo hundred thousand blankets at ninety | lantry and good conduct in the recent capture of the Senale, however, and no vote by yeas and cents per pound; which was referred to the Com- Fort Fisher.
nays. The House now insists that we shall mittee on Claims.
The message further announced that the House retain this provision in the deficiency bill. The Mr. VAN WINKLE presented a petition of had passed the joint resolution (S. R. No. 98) other amendments of the Senate are not disagreed citizens of Baltimore, praying for the adoption of tendering the thanks of Congress to Major Gen- to. Although they are not yet concurred in, there the metric system of weights and measures; eral Alfred H. Terry, and the officers and men is no disagreement in regard to any of them exwhich was referred to the Committee on Com- under his command, with an amendment, in which cept this one; and now we must treat the ques
the concurrence of the Senate was requested. tion deliberately, whether or not we will consent Mr. COWAN presented a petition of officers The message further announced that the House to the increase demanded by the House of twenty in the military service of the United States, pray- had passed the following bills and joint resolu- per cent. to their employés for the last session. ing for an increase of compensation; which was tions, in which the concurrence of the Senate was The conferees on the part of the House insist that referred to the Committee on Military Affairs and requested:
it is discourteous to the House to refuse to allow the Militia.
A bill (H. R. No. 631) to provide for holding them to make this appropriation, and they evince PAPERS WITHDRAWN AND REFERRED.
courts in the western district of Missouri, and to some feeling on the subject. The appropriation On motion of Mr. GRIMES, the memorial and prescribe the times thereof;
by the resolution of the 4th of July last is ad
A bill (H. R. No. 664) for changing the time | mitted to be illegal. They first proposed to pay papers of John Ericsson, praying compensation || for holding the circuit courts in the district of this $37,000 out of the contingent fund of the for services in the construction of the machinery || Virginia;
House. The Clerk of the House of Representaand propeller of the United States steamer Prince
A bill (H. R. No. 659) making appropriations tives refused to pay the money without the sancton, were ordered to be taken from the files and
for the service of the Post Office Department dur- tion of the Comptroller. The question was subreferred to the Committee on Claims.
ing the fiscal year ending the 30th of June, 1866; mitted to the Comptroller, and he refused to pass AMENDMENT OF TIIE CONSTITUTION.
A bill (H. R. No. 677) to amend an act en- the vouchers for the payment of this money. I Mr. WADE. I desire to present a joint reso
titled “ An act to provide ways and means for have before me the letter of the Comptroller, re, lution from the Legislature of Ohio, instructing
the support of the Government, and for other pur- ferring to the law on this subject, from which it the members of Congress from that State in relaposes,'' approved June 30, 1864;
is perfectly clear that neither the House of Reption to amending the Constitution of the United
A bill (H. R. No. 692) in reference to prosecu- resentatives nor the Senate could provide for such States relative to slavery, which I ask to have
tions for libel in the District of Columbia; an appropriation as this without à law authorizread.
A bill (H. R. No. 649) making appropriations | ing it. The Secretary read, as follows:
for the legislative, executive, and judicial ex- Senators who have been here for some years Joint resolution instructing the members of Congress from
penses of the Government for the year ending 30th will remember the controversy about extra comthis State in relation to ainending the Constitution of the June, 1866;
pensation to the employés of the two Houses, United States relative to slavery.
A joint resolution (H. R. No. 139) of thanks Prior 10 1854 it was usual for both Houses to alWhereas the declaration that all men are created equal; to Major General George H. Thomas and the low their employés twenty per cent. extra como that they are endowed by their Creator with certain inalien- army under his command; and
pensation at the end of each session. In 1854, able rights; that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit A joint resolution (H. R. No. 140) authorizing however, the increase was made permanent, and of happiness; that to secure these rights, governments are Instituted among inen, deriving their just powers from the
the Secretary of the Treasury to give the neces- all further allowances of that kind were prohib. consent of the governed," is as true and self-evident now sary notice stipulated, pending the intention of ited by law. But subsequently, between 1854 and as when first enunciated by the fathers and founders of the the United States to purchase the building known 1858, the custom again sprang up of allowing the Republic; and whereas the Constitution of the United States was ordained and established "to forin a more per
as the Merchants! Exchange, New York city, usual extra compensation of twenty per cent. In fect union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquillity, now used for custom-house purposes.
1858, as it was supposed, Congress cut off all provide for the common defense, promote the general wel
pretense of that kind in either House by this profare, and secure the blessings of liberty” to the people of the
vision: United States; and whereas elavery, or involuntary servi- Mr. SHERMAN. I desire to present a report lude, except as a punishment for crime, is a violation of the inherent and inalienable rights of men, a crime against from the committee of conference on what is called
“That no part of the appropriations which may at any
time be made for the contingent expenses of either House justice and humanity, a disturber of the Union and of do- the deficiency bill. I ask that it be read, and then of Congress shall be applied to any other than the ordinary mestic tranquillity, a binderance to the common defense, a I desire to submit a motion in regard to it.
expenditures of the Senate and House of Representatives, spoiler of the public liberties, has inaugurated civil war, The Secretary read, as follows:
nor as extra allowance to any clerk, messenger, or attendand is the cause of our national calamities: Therefore,
ant of the said two llouses, or either of theni, nor as payBe it resolved by the General Assembly of the State of
The committee of conference on the disagreeing votes of ment or compensation to any clerk, messenger, or other atOhio, That our Senators and Representatives in Congress
the two Houses on the amendments of the Senate to the tendant of the said iwo Houses, or either of them, unless be requested to use their influence and vote for the propo.
bill of the House, No. 620, 10 supply deficiencies in the ap- such clerk, messenger, or other aliendant be so employed sition now pending in Congress to amend the Constitution propriations for the service of the fiscal year ending the by a resolution of one of said Houses." of the United States so that neither slavery norinvoluntary
3001 of June, 1865, having met, after full and free conserservitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the enco have been unable to agree.
Under this law, no extra compensation has party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within
been allowed to the employés of the two Houses ihe United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction,
GEORGE E. PENDLETON, since 1858, and it was believed that this fifth sec. and giving to Congress power lo enforce such prohibition
EDWIN H. WEBSTER, by appropriate legislation.
Managers on the part of the House.
tion cut off all power by either House to allow Resolved, That the Governor be requested to forward to
extra compensation. When the House, however, each of our Senators and Representatives in Congress a
passed the resolution of last session, the question copy of these resolutions.
CHARLES R. BUCKALEW, was submitted to the Comptroller. He quoted
Managers on the part of the Senate. this law and decided that he was not authorized
There being no objection, the Senate proceeded to pay the money demanded by the House of
Representatives, and he has refused to pay it, Mr. WADE. Inasmuch as that subject has
Mr. SHERMAN. I desire to submit a mo- Thereupon this provision was inserted in the debeen acted upon by the Senate, I move that the
tion that the Senate insist upon its amendments | ficiency bill, to legalize the payment by the Compresolutions lie upon the table, and be printed.
disagreed to by the House of Representatives, || troller, and the question is whether we shall asThe motion was agreed to.
and ask for another committee of conference. sent to it. Mr. BROWN presented resolutions passed
Before that motion is put, I wish to call the ato I may say on behalf of the Committee on Fi. by the constitutional convention of the State of
tention of the Senate to the question of difference nance that we determined unanimously that we Missouri instructing the Senators and Represent
on this bill, and I should like to have the atten- would not approach the question of the increase atives from that State to cast their influence to
tion of the Senate and a deliberate vote upon the of the compensation in this way; that the House secure the passage of the constitutional amend
question between the two Houses. It is very had no more power to increase the pay of their ment to abolish slavery throughout the United
important that this bill should be passed to-day officers than the Senate, or the President, or the States; which were ordered to lie upon the table,
or to-morrow. Many of the appropriations are Executive Departments. The law expressly forand be printed.
necessary for the support of the Army and Navy. bids it, and expressly provides that the contin
The bill contains an appropriation of over one gent fund shall not be used for increasing the pay MESSAGE FROM THE HOUSE.
hundred million dollars, nearly all of which is for of the employés. The law is clear and plain. A message from the House of Representatives, the Army and Navy. The point of controversy We had to meet this question, therefore, not as by Mr. McPherson, its Clerk, announced that between the two Houses grows entirely out of a question of privilege on the part of the House, the House had concurred in the amendments of this clause of the deficiency bill:
because the House had no power to raise the the Senate to the bill (H. R. No. 607) to provide To enable the Clerk of the House of Representatives to compensation of their employés; but we had to for an advance of rank to officers of the Navy and execute the resolutions of the House of July 4, 1864, di
meet it as a question of policy, whether we will Marine corps for distinguished merit; and the bill recting payment of additional compensation to its officers,
now consent to increase ihe compensation of our (H. R. No: 598) making appropriations for the
clerks, and other employés, and to the House reporters for
the Congressional Globe, a suin sufficient for that purpose, own employés. Looking at the question in that consular and diplomatic expenses of the Govern- being $37,991 40, is hereby appropriated out of any money light, when we came to examine the pay of the ment for the year ending the 30th of June, 1866. in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, and the same
employés of the Senate and the House of RepreThe message further announced that the House is hereby added to the contingent fund of the House of
sentatives, we found that it was already higher Representatives; but no payment shall be made under this had passed the following Senate bill and joint res- provision to any other persons than the clerks, officers, in proportion than the pay of corresponding offiolution, without amendment:
or other employés of the House, and the reporters for the cers in the Executive Departments, Besides that, A bill (S. No. 72) supplementary to an act enCongressional Globe.
as the employés .of the iwo Houses only work titled "An act to prescribe an oath of office, and The Senate struck out this clause containing during the session, and many of them are paid for other purposes," approved July 2, 1862; and an appropriation for twenty per cent. extra com- for the whole year, they have that advantage over
A joint resolution (S. R. No.99) tendering the pensation to the employés of the House for the the employés of the Executive Departments. We thanks of Congress to Rear Admiral David D. Il last session, by a unanimous vote of the Com- I therefore could not justify an extra allowance to