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our own employés, to those who are around us bill. That is a matter of fact. They are not Representatives, but of the Senate. In addition and most attached io us, without at the same time properly compensated. We having been playing to ihat I am in favor of making additional comallowing this extra compensation to extend to all ihe demagogue in both Houses of Congress and pensation to the members of the Senate and of the the Executive Departments. No reason can be voling higli compensation to the privates and House of Representatives. I am in favor of paygiven for increasing the pay of our employés here nothing to the otřicers, because there are a great 1 ing a just and reasonable salary to every class of ihat will not equally apply to all the Departments. many privates to every officer. I think the in officers and every officer of the Government who

The proposition now before the Senate applies crease of compensation to the clerks is a matter of does not receive such compensation. I have been only to the employés of the House, and is con justice, as would be the increase of compensation in both Houses when the additional compensation fined to the House. Why should the pay of the io officers of the Army; but because one is right at the close of the session referred to by the honemployés of the House be increased and not and the other is right, and one is presented first, orable Senator from Illinois has been usually those of the Senate: Why should the pay of that is no good reason why the first should be voted; but that is totally a different case from the the employés of Congress be increased and not ignored. There is good reason why it should be one under consideration. those of the Departments? How could we ap done; and when the time comes for giving proper There was then no depreciation of the money proach this question of increase of compensation compensation to officers of the Army so that they of the country in which ihose officers were paid, to our own employés alone, when we have peli may be able to live and not have to draw on their and the extra allowance that was made to the tions from thousands of officers, especially line friends at liome for necessary current expenses, officers of the House of Representatives in such officers of the Army, who are suffering from the I will vote for that

states of case as that referred to by the honorable deficiency of their pay owing to the condition of Mr. TRUMBULL. Without at this time going i Senator was simply a bounty or an act of special the currency? The Committee on Finance deemed into the question whether we should increase justice. Now, sir, I am in favor of an act not only that they could not in justice to the country, and generally the salaries of officers of the Govern of enlarged but of universal justice to every officer in justice to their own reputations, increase the ment in consequence of the depreciation of the and every employé of the Government. pay of the employés of Congress when we refuse currency in which they are paid, I think there are The honorable Senator from Ohio remarked that to increase the pay of the Army and Navy. other reasons entirely sufficient why the Senate the officers of the Army were more poorly paid Under these circumstances we had but one course should not accede to a proposition to add twenty than any other class of officers or employés under left, and that was to strike out the appropriation per cent, to the compensation of the House em the Government. I do not think so. I think the and to insist that it should be left out.

ployés. I very well recollect since I have been members of the two Houses of Congress, who approach the question of the increase of the com in the Senate the difficulty that arose out of this can engage in no other business, all of whose lime pensation of the officers of the Government as a species of legislation, and the action which gave for the year is necessarily absorbed by their serseparate and distinct proposition. If we are com rise to the passage of the law of 1858 referred to vice in Congress, and who have families at home pelled by the circumstances of the time to increase by the Senator from Ohio. In the closing hours or here to support, are the most poorly compenihe pay of any one, we certainly ought in the of the session there would always be found some sated of all the officers or employés of the Govfirst instance to increase the pay of ihose who member of the body who, in the superabundance ernment. I believe in charity, and I believe in are suffering from an inadequacy of pay in the of his kindness to the employés about the Senale, the old proverb, that charity begins at home. I Army, the line officers of the Army; but to in (that have always since I have been here been very am in favor of an additional compensation to the crease the pay of the employés of the House of accommodating and kind and have ingratiated members of the Senate for two reasons: first, beRepresentatives alone, without providing for any themselves into the good feelings of the members cause it is just; and second, because I feel that I other officers of the Government, seems to be un of the body,) would make a motion of this charac am entitled to more money than I receive, and I just and improper; and therefore it was that the ter, that twenty per cent, additional be paid them am in need of it. conferees on the part of the Senate insisted that as a compensation. It was always exceedingly We were promised $3,000 compensation per this appropriation should be omilted. If, how unpleasant on the part of any member of the Sen annum in money, and there is nothing thai is ever, the Senate think differently, we have noth ale to object to such motions, and they were suf money but gold or silver, and all the legislation ing to say. I submit the question now to the fered to prevail at several sessions against the of Congress cannot make any other thing money Senate, so that we may take a vote upon it. The better judgment of members, because of the dis than gold or silver, and the commercial world will motion I now submit is to still further insist and inclination there was to interpose an objection in not receive anything but gold or silver as money. to allow the House of Representatives to have a small matter of that kind; but finally Congress, || Now, what liave we been paid for the last two another vote. That does not defeat the bill, be in 1858, determined to relieve itself of this legisla years for that compensation that is tendered by cause the House may recede from this appropri. tion by providing that money should not be paid an act of Congress to the members of the two alion. I cannot say what the House may desire on a resolution of this character passed by either Houses? Between forty and fifty cents for each to do. It does seem to me that the House will House. The salary of the officers was fixed at dollar. I say that that is an injustice to the memnot, in the face of the absolute want of the money what was thought to be a proper sum, and it was bers of Congress. I say that members of Conappropriated in the bill for the benefit of the determined to leave it there, and I believe that this gress cannot live upon that compensation. I say Army, insist on delaying the bill for this matter. body, and so far as I am aware the House of that that is a less rate of compensation than has The Secretary of War told me yesterday that one Representatives, for the last six or seven years, been contracted by the Government to pay them, or two of these appropriations are now indispen has refused, until the present occasion, to pass a and I say that it is a less rate of compensation sably necessary, ihal he wants them to-day or vote of this character. Now, sir, if we concur in than the Government ought to pay. to-morrow, and that the bill should be passed at this provision of the bill adopled by the House of Now, sir, for one, I am willing to vote justice once. The spectacle of hanging up this bill in Representatives, we open the door again; and I to every class of officers, and, as I said before, lo order to secure the passage of twenty per cent. do not care what you fix the pay of the employés | every officer and every employé under the Govadditional pay to a few civil employés of the Gov- of the two Houses at, there will, at the conclu ernment. If you satisfy my reason that such a ernment is one certainly which I do not wish to sion of a long session, when we all feel the services | class or such an officer does not receive a fair regard. We may recede and pay these employés, that have been rendered by the employés of the compensation, I am always ready to vote for a but if we do so we enter upon a course which, in body, be somebody who, in his kindness, will sum that will make it a just and a reasonable my judgment, will be injurious to the public ser move to give them extra compensation; and it compensation. The members of the two Houses vice, and dangerous in the extreme in the present would be done almost as a matter of course, done of Congress who live within a short distance from condition of our finances. I feel disposed, there- || usually on the last night of the session, perhaps the metropolis, and who get little or nothing in fore, although the amount is comparatively small, not half a dozen Senators present sometimes when the way of milenge, are, I think, most unjustly to make a point of it and stand upon it.

it is done, and thus we should fall into the old dealt with by the present compensation which There is another thing. Neither House ought practice again.

they receive. It is a matter of imperative justice to put upon an appropriation bill a measure that If it is necessary to raise the salaries it ought and right to them that they should receive an addoes not receive the free assent of the other. not to be done in this way. It is not in accord - || ditional rate of compensation. I believe that the Every portion of the appropriation bill ought to ance with the law that it should be so done; and officers of the House of Representatives ought be assented to freely by both Houses. Certainly l I rejoice that the Committee on Finance of this not to have been grouped together, but that the after the Senate has deliberately acted on the ques body has taken the position it has taken, and I members of the two Houses and the officers of the tion, we ought not to be required to take from the am sure that the House of Representatives will two Houses ought to have been put together in national Treasury this sum of money against our not insist upon the defeat of a bill of importance a joint resolution or a bill for that purpose, and will merely to secure the passage of the deficiency to the country rather than lose an appropriation that a fair and adequate compensation should bill. It seems to me that is the correct princi made in this particular way, because the appro- | have been provided collectively for them all. I ple; it is one upon which I have always acted as priation may be brought up in a bill if it is thought | prefer that the matter should take that course. a member of Congress, that where either House desirable hereafter to increase the pay of the em If the officers of the Army do not receive a fair objects to any independent appropriation bill, lo ployés of the two Houses of Congress, or of either and adequate compensation it is the duty of Conabandon it, because the appropriation bill ought House. The resusal to concur in this provision gress to afford it. It is the right of the officers of not to be used us a medium to force through Con. of the bill will not prevent the passage of a law the Army that they should have a fair coinpe!sagress an objectionable proposition to either House. that shall give them additional pay if it is thought | lion, one that will enable them to live and to sup

Mr. MCDOUGALL. Mr. President, I do not advisable to pass it; but I am quite sure that the port their families; but because the proposition think that one wrong justifies another, nor do I House of Representatives will not insist upon a does not embrace the officers of the Army it is see the justice of the argument presented by the resolution being enacted into a law which all must no reason why justice when it may be done shall Senator from Ohio, which reasons that because admit who examine the legislation of the country the line officers of the Army are not properly was passed contrary to the law. I hope the vole Senate or to the members of the two Houses. I compensated the clerks should not be properly of the Senate will be unanimous in sustaining the will vote myself that the Senate adhere to its pocompensated. I know very well that they are not action of the committee of conference on the partsition for the purpose of getting this question receiving a compensation sufficient for their ser of the Senate in refusing to agree to this proposi as it relates to the members of the two Houses of vices. I know very well, so far as the officers of tion of the House of Representatives.

Congress and the officers of both Housce before the Army are concerned, ihat a lieutenant in the Mr. DAVIS. I am in favor of making this com the iwo Houses in a more legitimate mode, by a service cannot pay his mese bill and his washing pensation to the officers, not only of the House of il joint resolution or by an act io be passed for that

purpose, which shall establish such a rate of com

CONDUCT OF GENERAL PAINE AT PADUCAH. pensation as shall be fair and reasonable. I am

Mr. NESMITH. The Committee on Military not going to vote against such a proposition be

Affairs and the Militia, to whom was referred a cause it does not include all the classes of officers ihat ought to be embraced by such a measure.

1

resolution introduced by the Senator from Kenwould vote to pass a measure in that form and

tucky (Mr. PowELL) calling for the report of a

military commission appointed to investigate the then you might bring up all the residue of the officers of the Government, either by classes or in

conduct of Brigadier General Paine, have directed

me to report it back with an amendment and recthe aggregate, and I would vote for the same just

ommend its passage, and I ask for its present measure of compensation to them all.

consideration. Mr. MORGAN. In order to test the sense of the Senate on the motion of the honorable Sena

Mr. CLARK. I desire to inquire of the Sena. tor from Ohio, in which I fully concur, I ask for

tor from Oregon if that resolution is likely to lead the yeas and nays.

to any debate?

Mr. NESMITH. I think not. There was a The yeas and nays were ordered. Mr. FOOT. Before the vote is taken, 1 deem | since, and it seemed to be conceded that the reso

pretty general discussion on the subject a few days it due to my colleague [Mr. COLLAMER] to say that lution should pass with proper amendments, he is detained from his seat and attendance in the

Mr. CLARK. I have no objection to its presSenate on account of sickness. The question being taken by yeas and nays,

ent consideration, provided it does not lead to de

bate, and with the understanding that if it does resulted-yeas 35, nay l; as follows:

lead to debate it shall be laid aside. YEAS-Messrs. Anthony, Buckalew, Chandler, Clark, Mr. NESMITH. I think it will not lead to Conness, Davis, Dixon, Farwell, Foot, Foster, Grines, llale,

debate. Ilarian, Ilarris, Ilenderson, Ilendricks, lowe, Lane ot' Indiana, Morgan, Morrill, Nesinitli, Pomeroy, Powell, Rich By unanimous consent, the Senate proceeded to ardson, Riddle, Saulsbury, Sherman, Sprague, Sumner, Ten consider the resolution. Eyck, Truinbull, Van Winkle, Wilkinson, Willey, and Wil The amendment of the Committee on Military 200-35. NAY-Mr. McDougall-1.

Affairs and the Militia was to strike out all after ABSENT-Messrs. Brown, Carlile, Collamer, Cowan,

the word "resolved" and insert the following: Doolittle, llarding, Hicks, Howard, Jolinson, Lane of Kan

Thut the Secretary of War be directed, if not incompatisas, Ramsey, Wade, and Wright---13.

ble with the public interests, to transiit to the Senate the So the motion of Mr. SHERMAN was agreed to. report and evidence taken by the military commission, of

which Brigadier General Speed S. Fry was president, arBy unanimous consent, the Vice President was

pointed to investigate the conduct or Brigadier General authorized to appoint the members of the second Paine, of the United States Army, in and about Paducah, committee of conference on the part of the Sen

Kentucky; the defense of Brigadier General Paine; the ate; and Messrs. CLARK, TRUMBULL, and Pow

review of Judge Advocate llolt, aud all the papers relating

to the case. ELL were appointed.

The amendment was agreed to.
BILL RECOMMITTED.

Mr. POWELL. I think the resolution ought Mr. WILKINSON. I move that the bill (S. to be further amended by striking out the words No. 295) making additional grant of lands to the “if not incompatible with the public interests," State of Minnesota, in alternate sections, lo aid in so as to make it in the usual form. the construction of a railroad in said Siale, which The VICE PRESIDENT. That amendment was introduced at the last session and referred to will be made, if there be no objection. The Chair the Committee on Public Lands, and by that hears none. committee reported back, as I understand, with The resolution, as amended, was agreed to. out any action upon it, be taken up and recommitted to the Committee on Public Lands.

MINERAL LANDS. The motion was agreed to.

Mr. HARLAN. A few days before the close REPORTS OF COMMITTEES.

of the last session a joint resolution (H. R. No.

99) “reserving mineral lands from the operation Mr. LANE, of Indiana, from the Committee

of all acts passed at the present session granting on Military Affairs and the Militia, to whom was lands or extending the time of former grants,' referred the memorial of the Legislature of Ore was passed by the Senate, but through some ingon, in favor of the location of a national foundery, | advertence was not sent back to the House of arsenal, and manufactory of arms at the falls of Representatives, so that it failed then to become the Willamette, near Oregon City, in that State, a law. In order to secure the object now, some asked to be discharged from its further consider

amendments are necessary, which I am authoration; which was agreed to.

ized by the Committee on Public Lands to proMr. TRUMBULL, from the Committee on the

pose; and to reach that stage I move first to reJudiciary, to whom was referred the memorial of

consider the vote by which the joint resolution William A. Hammond, late Surgeon General of was passed. the United States Army, praying that inquiry may The motion was agreed to. be made into all the circumstances connected with

Mr. HARLAN. I now move to reconsider his recent trial and dismissal, and that the Senate will suspend action in the matter of confirming his

the vote by which the joint resolution was or

dered to a third reading. successor in office until such inquiry shall have

The motion was agreed to. been made, asked to be discharged from its further consideration, and that it be referred to the Com

The VICE PRESIDENT. The resolution is mittee on Military Affairs and the Militia; which now open to amendment. was agreed to.

Mr. 'HARLAN. The committce propose to He also, from the same committee, to whom

strike out the words “

present session” and inwas referred the bill (S. No. 404) to secure impar

sert “first session of the Thirty-Eighth Contiality in the administration of justice in the Dis gress," and to add to the resolution “unless trict of Columbia, reported adversely, and moved otherwise specially provided in the act or acts the indefinite postponement of the bill; which was making the grant, so as to make the resolution agreed to.

read: Mr. DAVIS, from the Committee on Claims, That no act passed at the first session of the Thirtyto whom was referred the joint resolution (H.R. | Eighth Congress granting lands to States or corporations to No. 102) for the relief of Captain M. M.Hawes,

aid in the construction of roads, and for other purposes, or

to extend the time of grants heretofore made, shall be so submited an adverse report; which was ordered to construed as to embrace mineral lands, which in all cases be printed.

shall be and are reserved exclusively to the United States, Mr. SHERMAN, from the Committee on Fi.

unless otherwise specially provided in the act or acts

inaking the grant. nance, to whom was referred the bill (H. R. No. 689) to provide for Acting Assistant Treasurers

The amendments were agreed to. and depositaries in certain cases, reported it with

The amendments were ordered to be engrossed an amendment.

and the resolution to be read the third time. PRINTING OF A BILL.

The joint resolution was read the third time,

and passed. Its title was amended by striking On motion of Mr. SHERMAN, it was out the words "present session” and inserting Ordered, That the bill (S. No. 403) to amend the act en “ first session of the Thirty-Eighth Congress." Ited "An act lo encourage immigration," approved July 4, 864, and the act entitled "An act to regulate the carriage

HOUSE BILLS REFERRED. f passengers in steainships and other vessels," approved farch 3, 1855, and for other purposes, be printed for the

The following bills and joint resolution from pe of the Senate.

the House of Representatives were severally read

twice by their titles, and referred as indicated below:

A joint resolution (H. R. No. 139) of thanks to Major General George H. Thomas and the army under his command-to the Committee on Military Affairs and the Milivia.

A bill (H. R. No. 631) to provide for holding courts in the western district of Missouri, and to prescribe the times thereof-to the Committee on ihe Judiciary.

A bill (H. R. No. 659) making appropriations for the service of the Post Office Department during the fiscal year ending the 30th of June, 1866-10 the Committee on Finance.

A bill (H. R. No. 664) for changing the time for holding circuit courts in the district of Virginia-to the Committee on the Judiciary.

A bill (H. R. No. 677) to amend an act entitled "An act to provide ways and means for the support of the Government, and for other purposes, "approved June 30, 1864-10 the CommitLee on Finance,

A bill (H. R. No. 692) in reference to prosecutions for libel in the District of Columbia-to the Committee on the Judiciary.

A bill (H. R. No. 649) making appropriations for the legislative, executive, and judicial expenses of the Government for the year ending June 30, 1866–10 the Committee on Finance.

NEW YORK CUSTOM-HOUSE. The joint resolution (H. R. No. 140) authorizing the Secretary of the Treasury to give the necessary notice stipulated pending the intention of the United Siates to purchase the building known as Merchants' Exchange, New York city, now used for custom-house purposes, was read twice by its title.

Mr. CLARK. I desire to say that the matter of that resolution was before the Committee on Finance this morning, and they were unanimously of opinion that it is desirable to purchase the property, and I ask the consent of the Senate to pass the resolution at once, as the time of giving the notice expires in the present month.

By unanimous consent the joint resolution was considered as in Committec of the Whole. It was reported to the Senate, ordered to a third reading, read the third time, and passed.

HENRY A. BRIGHAM. Mr. DAVIS desiring to move a reconsideration of the vote by which the bill (S. No. 212) for the relief of Henry A. Brigham was passed, a mes. sage was direcied to be sent to the House of Representatives requesting the return of the bill, and on its being returned, the motion to reconsider was made by Mr. Davis and entered.

SLAVES TAKEN INTO THE ARMY. Mr. POWELL submitted the following resolution, and asked for its present consideration:

Resolved, That the Secretary of War be directed to inform the Senate why he has not appointed “a commission in each of the slave States represented in Congress charged to award 10 each loyal person to whom a colored voluntrer may owe service a just compensation, not exceeding $300 for each colored volunteer," as he was directed to do by the twenty-fourth section of the act approved February 24, 1864, entitled “ An act to amend an act entitled "An aci for enrolling and calling out the national forces and for other purposes,'” approved March 3, 1863.

Mr. CONNESS objecting to the consideration of the resolution, it lies over under the rules.

CONTRACTS OF TREASURY AGENTS. Mr. GRIMES submitted the following resolution; which was considered by unanimous consent, and agreed to:

Resolrcd, That the Secretary of the Treasury be directed to communicate to the Senate a full statement of all contracts executed by one Hanson A. Risley, an agent of the Treasury Department or of the United States Government, since the 4tli day of July last, specifying the name or naines of the parties with whom the contracts were made, tho name or names of the persons at whosc solicitation or upon whose recommendation the contracts were made, the date of each contract, the amount and description of goods, property, or material thus contracted for, where to be procured, or where represented to be situated at the date of the contract, when to be delivered to the agent of the Treasury, and at what price.

Resolved further, That the Secretary of the Treasury be directed to communicate to the Senate the same particulars in relation to any other contracts made by Treasury agents that have been returned to or that are known to the Department.

INTERNAL REVENUE COLLECTIONS. Mr. WILSON submitted the following resolu.

not.

tion; which was considered by unanimous con tucky, (Mr. Davis,) was, as he says, arrested and the amendment was concurred in and orsent, and agreed to:

by my act, the morning hour having expired | dered to be engrossed. Resolreil, That the Secretary of the Treasury be, and is while I was on the floor. I move now that that The bill was ordered to be read a third time; hereby, directed to furnish the Senate, on or before the 15th bill be taken up, so that it may be disposed of. and it was read the third time. day or February next, a statement showing the amount of

The motion was agreed to; and the Senate, as

Mr. HALE. I ask for the yeas and nays on collections in each internal revenue collection district, and the amount of moneys deposited in authorized deposi? || in Committee of the Whole, resumed the consid

the passage of the bill. fories or paid to the Commissioner of Internal Revenue on eration of the bill (H. R. No. 94) for the relief The yeas and nays were ordered. drails or otherwise by the collectors of each district from of Isaac R. Diller, the pending question being on Mr. ANTHONY. I understand that this bill the date when the excise act went into operation to the 30th day of June, 1864, with the differences between the

the amendment of the Committee on Claims to is to pay for disbursements actually made for desamounts collected and the amounts deposited or paid over reduce the appropriation from $3,655 55 to $3,000. titute American seamen in the port where this as aforesaid by the collectors in each district, and the total Mr. HALE. I do not wish to say much about man was consul, and I shall therefore vote for it. differences in the amounts for said period.

this bill. It is a bill to pay an old consul for The question being taken by yeas and nays, GOVERNMENT DEPOSITS IN NATIONAL BANKS. services rendered prior to the coming in of this resulted-yeas 26, nays 9; as follows: Mr. WILSON submitted the following resolu

Administration. I was remarking when I was YEAS-Messrs. Anthony, Buckalew, Carllle, Clark, tion; which was considered by unanimous con

on the floor the other day that the chairman of the Conness, Cowan, Davis, Harris, Henderson, Hendricks, sent, and agreed to: Committee on Foreign Relations had told us that

Lane of Indiana, Morgan, Morrill, Nesinith, Pomeroy,

Powell, Richardson, Riddle, Saulsbury, Spraglie, Sumner, Resolred, That the Secretary of the Treasury be, and is there were applications, some of them very ur

Ten Eyck, Trumbull, Van Winkle, Wilkinson, and Wils hereby, directed to furnish the Senate, on or before the 15th gent and pressing, coming from all parts of the ley-25. day of February next, separate and detailed statements world where we have consuls, stating that their NAYS-Messrs. Chandler, Dixon, Farwell, Foot, Fosshowing the amount of public moueys deposited and the compensation is inadequate now; but the Senate,

ter, Grimes, Hale, Harlan, and Wilson--9. amount withdrawn froin each of the national banks during

ABSENT--Messrs. Brown, Collamer, Doolittle, Hardeach month from the date of their organization to June on a case broughi before them, where there was

ing, Hicks, Howard, Howe, Johnson, Lalic of Kansas, 30, 1864, with the difference between the suns deposited a unanimous report from the Committee on Com McDougali, Ramsey, Sherman, Wade, and Wright-14. and withdrawn monthly, in each case, and the amount of merce, and the recommendation of the Secretary the differences.

So the bill was passed.
of State, refused to increase the salary of one of
BILLS INTRODUCED.
these officers, the consulat Halifax. 'It was un-

TIIANKS TO GENERAL TERRY. Mr. WILSON asked, and by unanimous con derstood then to be the general policy of the The Senate proceeded to consider the amendsent obtained, leave to introduce a bill (S. No.406) Senate not to increase compensation at this time. ments of the House of Representative to the joint for the benefit of officers of the Army in the field; || I simply want to say that as we have refused 10 resolution of the Senate (S. No. 98) to present the which was read twice by its title, and referred to pay for present services, I think that to go back | thanks of Congress to Major General Terry and the Committee on Military Affairs and the Milicia. and open an old account will be setting a worse the officers and men under his command, which

Mr. MORRILL asked, and by unanimous con precedent than would the increase of compensa were in line four before the words “major gensent obtained, leave to introduce a bill (S. No. 407) iion in the future, and that all the gentlemen who | eral” to insert the word “ brevet,"and to amend for the relief of Lieutenant Commander Cilley, of make these applications now, when their com the title of the resolution by inserting the word the United States Navy; which was read twice by pensation is confessed to be inadequate, will have " brevet” before the words - major general." its title, and referred to the Committee on Naval a vastly better claim upon our successors than the Mr. TRUMBULL. I should like to inquire of Affairs.

present ones have upon us. I hope the bill will some member of the Committee on Military ArMr. DIXON asked, and by unanimous consent not be passed.

fairs, as I do not see the chairman in his seat at obtained, leave to introduce a joint resolution (S. Mr. DAVIS. I hope this bill will be passed. I present, whether that amendment is in accordance R. No. 101) proposing an amendment to the Con I think it is much safer to legislate for the dead with the facts. I do not know whether it is or stitution of ihe United States; which was read than for the living, and that there will be a much Perhaps the Senator from Indiana (Mr. twice, and referred to the Committee on the Ju less amount put up as claims due the dead than LANE) can give the information. diciary. The proposed amendment is to insert to the living. But I will state one or two facts in Mr. LANE, of Indiana. He is a full brigadier in licu of the fifth paragraph of the ninth section connection with this claim. Mr. Diller was con general in the regular Army, and a brevet major of the first article of the Constitution this clause: sul at Bremen; his consular duties there were

general of volunteers. “ Congress shall have power to lay a tax or duty very heavy and expensive. His rate of compen Mr. TRUMBULL. Then the amendment of on nrticles exported from any Staie."

sation was $2,000 a year. Since he went out of the House is in accordance with the facts ? Mr. MORRILL asked, and by unanimous con office the compensation for that consulship has Mr. LANE, of Indiana. Yes sir. sent obtained, leave to introduce a joint resolution been increased to $3,000. It is in proof in the case Mr. SUMNER. Is it customary to insert those (S. R. No. 103) for the relief of A. G. Bodfish; that the actual amount which he paid for clerk details? which was read twice by its title, and referred to hire was over $3,300, and that this clerk service Mr. DIXON. I think it is not. I think it is the Committee on Claims.

was indispensably necessary to enable hiin to get improper to insert the word " brevet." Mr. CLARK asked, and by unanimous con along with the duties of his office. This claim Mr. SUMNER. I think so too. sent obtained, leave to introduce a joint resolu originated in the payment of clerk hire and in the Mr. DIXON. General Terry has the rank of tion (S. R. No. 102) declaratory of the sense of advance of moncy by the consul to American a major general, but does not receive the pay. Congress upon negotiations and terms of setile sailors who were in a destitute condition and who Mr. LANE, of Indiana. He has been conment with the rebels; which was read twice, and applied to him for assistance to return to their na firmed as a brevet major general, and will go on ordered to be printed. It declares that no ne live country. The other House passed this bill

the Army Register with that rank, and certainly gotiations, terms of settlement, concessions, or for his benefit, appropriating over $3,600. The in giving him a vote of thanks we should be precompromises should be entered into, proposed, Committee on Claims reduced the amount to cisely correct as to his title. yielded, or made with the rebels, directly or indi- || $3,000. The case was before the Committee on The amendments were concurred in. rectly, until they have manifested their implicit Foreign Relations two years ago, and the chairand unconditional submission to the authority of man of that committee made a very elaborate re

CONFISCATION OF REBEL PROPERTY. the Government; and that, however much peace port setting forth all the facts. It was submitted Mr. TRUMBULL. I desire to give notice that may be desired, the present war must be waged by that committee to the State Department, and to-morrow I shall call up the joint resolution from with all the energy and resources of the Govern the Secretary of State recommended an appro the House of Represeniatives, No. 18, to amend ment until such submission shall be secured, and priation of $3,000 for extra compensation to this a joint resolution explanatory of "An act to supthe supremacy of the Constitution and laws es. consul. The Committee on Foreign Relations press insurrection, to punish treason and rebellion, tablished over the entire territory of the United considered the subject. The learned and labori io seize and confiscate the property of rebels, and States as heretofore claimed.

ous chairman examined it very attentively and for other purposes,”'approved July 17, 1862. That SPENCER AND HIUBBARD.

made a very elaborate report, which was read a resolution was reported back from the Committee On motion of Mr. TRUMBULL, the bill (S.

few days ago to the Senate, and that vigilant and on the Judiciary adversely. When the resolution

able and economical chairman of the Committee No. 136) for the relief of A. T. Spencer and Gur

comes up to-morrow, if I can get the attention of don S. Hubbard was read the second time, and

on Foreign Relations himself recommended an ap the Senate to call it up, my object will be to offer considered as in Committee of the Whole. It

propriation of $3,000 to satisfy the claims of all an amendment to it to repeal so much of the joint proposes to instruct the Postmaster General to

descriptions of Mr. Diller. In my own judgment, | resolution to which this refers, passed in 1862, as audit and adjust the account of A. T. Spencer and

for clerk hire and for money advanced io indigeni || limits the confiscation of the real estate of rebels Gurdon s. Hubbard, for carrying the United seamen, he is fully entitled to the $3,655 55 which to the life estate, so that their estates may be ab

beStates mail from Chicago, Illinois, to Mackinac,

the House of Representatives agreed by the bill solutely confiscated. I give notice of it now, Sault Ste. Marie, Marquette, Copper Harbor,

which it passed to pay him. In obedience, how cause there was a difference of opinion in the ComEagle Harbor, Eagle River, and Ontonagon, Mich

ever, to ihe instructions of the Commitiee on mittee on the Judiciary, a majority being opposed igan; La Point, and Superior, Wisconsin, during

Claims, I reported the bill with an amendment to the repeal of the joint resolution of 1862. When the years from 1854 to 1859, inclusive, and allow

reducing the amount to $3,000. In my judgment, this House resolution shall come up I intend to therefor such amount as to him shall appear just

that is considerably less than this man is entitled move, as a substitute for it, a clause repealing the and equitable, not exceeding the amount allowed

to upon the sheerest principles of justice. I hope | joint resolution of 1862.
the bill will pass.

Mr. SUMNER. I will remind the Senator that, for the same service to the party who aficrwards

Mr. HALE. I move that the bill be indefiperformed the same under contract; and the sum

on his motion, the Senate has already adopted that so found due is to be paid out of the Treasury. nitely postponed.

proposition and attached it to the bill known as The motion was not agreed to.

The Freedmen's Bureau bill. That bill is at this The bill was reported to the Senate, ordered io

The VICE PRESIDENT. The question is moment before a committee of conference of the be engrossed for a third reading, read the third time, and passed.

on the amendment reported from the Committee two Houses. That committee has had a session

on Claims reducing the sum from $3,655 55 lo to-day, and ane on Saturday and one on Friday, ISAAC R. DILLER. $3,000.

and we hope to be able to report at an early day; Mr. HALE. On Thursday last a private bill, The amendment was agreed to.

and in our report, I have no doubt, we shall prewhich was reported by the Senator from Ken The bill was reported to the Senate as amended, serve the proposition moved by the Senator.

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MES TRUMBULL. I desire to call the atten

Mr. TRUMBULL. I was not aware that a of the Navy Departmert at the time the offense was com under this bill as it is now framed, can the appoint-
committee of conference was acting on that bill. mitted, shall have defrauded or been accessory or privy to menis be made from those who are over twenty-
It is immaterial to me how we attain the object.
any fraud committed upon said Department in any manner

six?
whatever, he shall, upou conviction thereof," &c.
I will not press action upon this joint resolution
under those circumstances until the committee

The amendment was agreed to.

Mr. GRIMES. I do not understand that they

can. This bill is merely cumulative, and authorshall have had time to act.

The bill was reported to the Senate as amended; izes the creation of a certain number more in the

and the amendment was concurred in. ST. LOUIS ARSENAL.

rank of assistant paymasters, and creates the

Mr. GRIMES. Though there does not seem Mr. GRIMES. I move that the Senate pro

grade of passed assistant paymasters. to be much attention paid to the bill, I think it is Mr. POMEROY. The bill as it now stands ceed to the consideration of Senate bill No. 382, my duty to explain it to the Senate.

says they shall be “subject to such examinations to provide for the beller organization of the pay In the first place, in regard to the duties of a

as are required by law and such as may be estabdepartment of the Navy.

paymaster in ihe Navy, all those who are famil lished by the Secretary of the Navy." That may Mr. BROWN. If the Senator will permit me, iar with the subject, I suppose, understand that

perhaps be a sufficient guard that they shall not I should like to call up a local bill, which it will the duties are those which are performed in the be over twenty-six years of age. not take more than a moment to pass.

Army by the paymaster, the quartermaster, and Mr. GRIMÉS. Do you mean the passed asMr. GRIMES. This is a general bill. the commissary. He has charge of all the stores sistant paymasters?

Mr. BROWN. Mine is a special bill to repeal of every description that are put on board ship, Mr. POMEROY. Yes, sir. an old law in relation to the St. Louis arsenal,

and turns them out to the men, to the ward room, Mr. GRIMES. When an assistant paymaster and it is desirable it should be passed at once. Il and to the different messes as they may be re goes into the Navy, he is required to be of a cerdo not wish to interfere with general legislation, quired. He is required to draw for money if it lain specific age. This bill does not specify what but I do not think it will take more than a second may be necessary in order to discharge the ex

the examinations of this officer shall be, for they to pass the bill,

penses of the ship, or to pay the men or officers are already established by law; but then, after Mr. GRIMES. Very well. I withdraw my iheir salaries, and to pay it over, and to keep his speaking of the assistani paymasters, the bill motion for the present, regular accounts.

says: Mr. BROWN. I move to take up Senate bill

There are in the service to-day, or were on the No. 402.

And passed asristant paymasters from assistant pay. 1st of the present month, one hundred paymasters masters, subject to such examinations as are required by The motion was agreed to, and the bill (S. No.

and assistant paymasters established by law. law and such as may be established by the Secretary of 402) to repeal an act entitled “ An act to remove

the Navy. There were sixiy-four paymasters and thirty-six the United States arsenal from the city of St. assistant paymasters, and there are three hun It is not possible for us to establish the age

for Louis, and to provide for the sale of the lands on

dred and ninety-six, or nearly four hundred act passed assistant paymasters, and for this reason; . which the same is located,” was read a second | ing assistant paymasters. It is proposed by this

we may have our grade full 10-day, and peace be time, and considered as in Committee of the bill to enable the President, or the Secretary of

declared to-morrow. If so, promotion will be Whole. Mr. BROWN. I will simply state in expla- hundred young men who are acting assistant pay. the Navy, to select out from among these four

exceedingly slow in those grades, and the man

now at the foot of the list as an assistant paynation of this bill that, prior to the breaking out of masters one hundred of them who shall have best master may be forty-five years old before he be. the war, a law was passed at the instance of gen- || exhibited their capacity for the proper discharge of

comes a passed assistant paymyster. Hence it tlemen who thoughi their property was more in these duties, and attach them to the Navy proper

is not practicable for us to establish any age that terested in getting rid of this arsenal than anything

as assistant and passed assistant paymasters, and the passed assistant paymaster shall aliain at the else, and, perhaps from some other motives, aufor this reason: it is not supposed that there will

time he is appointed. thorizing the sale of the ground and the removal of

be any time in the fulure when there will not be Mr. POMEROY. I merely wanted to have this arsenal. The law, however, has remained a

required at least two hundred paymasters.

If the bill so guarded that the assistant paymasters, dead letter; but it conflicts with certain arrange

we keep one hundred vessels in the service in not the passed assistant paymasters, shall come ments and improvements that are necessary there, commission, we shall require about two hundred

within the law, that they shall not be over twentyand I have been applied to by the officer in charge

paymasters, because we have established a rule six years of age. of the ordnance department at that place to have

now for the employment of paymasters in varithis law repealed, so that the arsenal may not be ous places on shore. We have paymasters at

tion of the chairman of the Committee on Naval embarrassed in ils operations by it. The bill Portsmouth, New Hampshire, Boston, New

Affairs to the third section of this bill, which promeets with the unanimous concurrence of the

vides: Committee on Military Affairs, and I presume

York, Philadelphia, Baltimore, Washington,

District of Columbia, Norfolk, Newbern, Beau That if any pay officer, or any other officer, or agent, or there will be no objection to it. fort, North Carolina, Port Royal, Key West,

employé, or servant conected with or in the einployment The bill was reported to the Senate without | Pensacola, New Orleans, Cairo, Mare Island, and

of the Navy Department at the time the offense was comamendment, ordered to be engrossed for a third

mitted, shall have defrauded or been accessary or privy to Panama, New Grenada, which are naval depots any fraud committed upon said Department in any manner reading, read the third time, and passed. of provisions, clothing, and small stores, making

whatever, he shall, upon conviction thereof before a naval PAY DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY. sixteen in all on shore. We then have a pay

court-martial, be fined in any sum not exceeding $10,000, On motion of Mr. GRIMES, the Senate, as in master at Mucao, in China, one at Callao, in

and be imprisoned in some penitentiary in the United

States not exceeding ten years. Committee of the Whole, proceeded to consider | Peru, and one in the Potomac flotilla. When you

I submit to the Senator from lowa whether it the bill (S. No. 382) to provide for the better reserve the proper number of relays or reserves organization of the pay department of the Navy. to take the place of paymasters when they come

is competent to do that. That would be punishThe bill provides that, from and after its pas home from a cruise you will not have, accordingling for a past offense. Ought not the language to sage, the active list of the pay corps of the Navy to the estimation of the Department, when you

be changed? The words, “ shall have defrauded shall consist of one hundred paymasters, fifty have increased the number to two hundred, more

or been accessary or privy to any fraud com

mitted upon said Department,"would punish an passed assistant paymasters, and fifty assistant paymasters than will be necessary; certainly not paymasters. Paymasters are to be regularly pro if you maintain your Navy at the standard of one

act commilied before the passage of this bill. The moted and commissioned from passed assistant hundred vessels, while you have now got nearly

billas it stands would, if passed, be an ex post facto

law. If it meets the approbation of the Senator, paymasters, and passed assistant paymasters from seven hundred. assistant paymasters, subject to such examina The bill also creates a new grade, that of passed

I suggest that the word " have" be stricken out,

and "defrauded"changed to “defraud," and the tions as are required by law and such as may be assistant paymasiers. The regulations and the

word “ was" altered to “is." I make that moestablished by The Secretary of the Navy:

law as it now slands require that every young The second section provides that passed assist man who is appointed an assistant paymaster tion, to strike out the word “was” in the fourth ant paymasters shall give bonds for the faithful shall undergo a thorough clerical examination, be- l line, and in lieu of it to insert the word " is;”

to strike out the word “have" at the end of the performance of their duties in the sum of $15,000, sides bringing testimonials as to his capacity and

fourth line, and change the word “defrauded” and that their annual pay shall be, at sea," $1,500; moral qualities. After having served a certain on other duty, $1,400; on leave or waiting orders, length of time, his returns to the Department have

to "defraud,'' and the word “ been” in the fifth $1,100.

line to “be;' and after the word “fraud" in the ing shown to be correct, and his capacity being sixth line, lo insert the word "hereafter;'' so that The third section provides that if any pay guarantied by the exhibition which he has made

the section will read if amended as I propose: officer, or any other officer, or agent, or employé,

of himself, he is then to be sent before another or servant connected with or in the employment board of examination, just as our surgeons and

That If any pay officer, or any other officer, or agent, or

employé, or servant connected with or in the employment of the Navy Department at the time the offense our engineers are now sent before boards, and if

of ine Navy Deparuent at the time the offense is com. was commitied shall have defrauded, or attempted, he passes that second examination, he is to be mitted, shail defraud or be accessary or privy to any fruud or been privy to any altempt to defraud the De made a passed assistant paymaster with the pay of hereafter committed upon said Department in any manpartment in any manner whatever, he shall, upon $1,500 and one ration, corresponding in rank and

ner whatever, he shall, upon conviction thereof, &c. conviction before a naval court-martial, be fined

in title also with the passed assistant surgeon. These alterations will only make the bill prosin any sum not exceeding $10,000, and be im I believe that is the purport of the bill. I will pective instead of retrospective. prisoned in some penitentiary in the United States say that the bill has come to the Committee on Mr. HENDRICKS. I do not think there is not exceeding ten years.

Naval Affairs with the approval of the Departo any objection to the amendment proposed by the The Committee on Naval Affairs reported the ment.

Senator from Illinois. The construction then of bill with an amendment to strike out in section

Mr. POMEROY. I wish to inquire of the Sen this section would be what it would be in its presthree, line five, the words " or attempted," and

ator from lowa whether by this bill any reference ent phraseology. I do not think the amendment after the word “beento insert the words "ac is had to the age of the assistant paymasters for || proposed will change the construction of the seccessory or," and in line six to strike out the the acting assistant paymasters. The law now tion, but perhaps it will make it a little clearer. I words "attempt to defraud" and to insert "fraud provides that assistant paymasters shall be under have no objection to it. committed upon, so that the section will read:

i wenty-six, but acting assistant paymasters may Mr. TRUMBULL. If I understand the sec“That if any pay officer, or any other officer or agent, or

be of any age. In appointing assistant paymas tion as it now slands, it is in the past tense, that employé, or servant connected with or in the employment ters from the list of acting assistant paymasters if any officer "shall have defrauded” the Gov.

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ernment he shall be liable to punishment. As I necessity for this measure, I will read the reply believe that he attends to his duties. If there propose, it will read, “if any person shall de of the chief of the bureau :

has been under the present machinery and adfraud or be accessary or privy to any fraud com “Forty-five acting assistant paymasters resigned during | ministration of the office no 'fault found, not a mitted upon said Department, he shall be pun the last year, and many other resignations are on file which

word of complaint, as the chairman of the Com. ished.". If the amendment I suggest does not cannot properly be accepted until the officers shall have re

mittee on Naval Affairs says, from any quarter, turned and rendered their accounts, as it is difficult and accomplish the object, I think it should be fur

embarrassing to detach a paymaster while on a cruise. and there being no possible place in any Governther amended. It now clearly provides for the Many of these were excellent officers, who might have been ment where so much money has been distributed punishment of an offense heretofore committed, retained, though their pay was small, (81,300,) had there and none lost, it seems to me the urgency of the and would be manifestly unconstitutional.

been a reasonable expectation of obtaining permanent posi-
tions in the service."

case cannot be so great as that we are required to The VICE PRESIDENT. The question is on the amendment proposed by the Senator from that various duties have been assigned to payo | Ited power to appoint just as many acting assist

It is true, as has been stated by the Senator, | multiply these officers one hundred fold at the

present time, when the Department have uplima Illinois. The amendment was agreed to.

masters by regulation. As an example, it was
not until the commencement of the present war

ant paymasters as they please.
Mr. HALE. I confess that for one I do not
that this country has ever had fleets. We had

Mr. President, it is a bad time to make these šee the necessity for this bill. When this war commenced we had no paymasters. They were squadrons in foreign service, but we never had

permanent additions to the Navy. The chairman any of these large squadrons, and never operated

of the Committee on Finance says they want all then called pursers. I do not remember the prein that capacity. It has been found expedient by

the money they can get. We have refused to incise number of them; I believe we had somethe Navy Department to establish fleet paymas

crease, perhaps not the number, but the compenwhere about sixty. Soon after the war comters. The purpose in appointing fleet paymas.

sation of consuls who are constantly complaining. menced, we increased the corps from sixty to one ters is this: that there may be some man in each

If this branch of the service has had resignations hundred, but we increased it, I think, by making fleet to look after the service in that department,

I do not know whether they are peculiar or not; an addition of a new grade, to wit, assistant pay and see that all the paymasters properly discharge Navy, or whoever urges this bill, tell us what is

but I should like to have the Secretary of the masters. That made them one hundred in num their duties, and make regular, monthly reports ber, and they have remained at that number from to the Department here. If there is any paymas

the list of applicants well vouched for for business that day to ihis. This bill proposes to increase ter who does not properly turn over to the men

capacity and integrity for appointments to this that number one hundred per cent. more. In the the rations required, does not see that they reg.

very class of assistant paymasters. I happen to first place we made an addition of about fifty per ularly receive their pay, or does not keep his

know something about how it was some time ago. cent., increasing the number lo one hundred; and

books in proper order, it is the business of the There were men who had cvery qualification, so we now propose to make it one hundred per cent. fleet paymaster to supersede him, and send him

far as they could show it by recommendations, more. And let it be remembered thatthis propo home.

for the place, whose names were not reached for sition increases the assistant paymasters sixteen, Mr. HALE. That is already provided for by

consideration for more than a year after they were and makes an additional corps of fifty new officers, law.

put on the list; and I apprehend it is so to-day, at an annual compensation which is named in the Mr. GRIMES. That is a new class of officers

But, sir, I do not know that I can do any good bill, and these are to be put upon the Navy as a that has bcen created since the war began when

or any hurt by talking about this bill. I have a permanent addition. I suppose there is no man we had only sixty paymasters, as has been said

duty to perform to myself, and I have done it in who hopes, or expects, whatever may be the conby the Senator from New Hampshire. I have

expressing the objection I entertnin to this bill. dition of the country after the war is over, that here a list of officers who are required to be taken

The bill was ordered to be engrossed for a third the number of these officers will ever be lessened from the number of paymasters:

reading, and was read the third time. if they are now attached permanently to the Navy.

Mr. HALE. I ask for the yeas and nays on “One cbier of bureau; six feet paymasters for the North It seems to me that it is the part of wisdom not, and South Atlantic, the East and West Gull, the Missis

the passage of the bill. under the pressure of a great emergency like that sippi, and Pacific squadrons; six inspectors in charge of The yeas and nays were ordered, and being which we are now in, to make such a permanent

provisions and clothing at Boston, New York, Philadel taken resulted-yeas 27, nays 4; as follows: increase as this to the officers of this particular

phia, Norfolk, and Cairo; Lwo superiotendents of bread and
four at Boston and New York; onc paymaster at Mare

YEAS-Messrs. Anthony, Carlile, Clark, Conness, Cow. branch of the naval service. Island; two payınasters at Cairo for ile slation and re

an, Dixon, Foot, Foster, Grimes, Harlan, Harris, Hendricks, The chairman of the Committee on Naval Af ceiving ship."

Howe, Lane of Indiana, Morgan, Morrill, Nesmith, Pom

eroy, Powell, Riddle, Sherman, Sprague, Sumner, Ten fairs spoke of what was now required of paymas Making eighteen in all, in addition to those that

Eyck, Trumbull, Van Winkle, and Willey-27. ters in the Navy. According to my judgment a I named when I was up before. I do not under NAYS-Messrs. Buckalew, Davis, Farwell, and liale--4. good many of the duties that are imposed upon stand that anybody says it is not necessary that

ABSENT-Messrs. Browli, Chandler, Collamer, Donthem have been imposed by regulation and not by

Titule, Harding, Henderson, Dicks, Howard, Jobusoni, Lane these paymasters should be assigned to this par.

of Kansas, McDougall, Ramsey, Richardson, Saulsbury, law; and the tendency of ihe action of the Naval ticular duty at these stations. I do not under Wade, Wilkinson, Wilson, and Wright-18. Department is to increase the number and the stand that anybody says it is not very essential So the bill was passed. scope of the subjects over which these officers that we should have these inspectors of provisa have exclusive control. I do not know that I am ions and clothing at these various yards. In con

RETALIATION ON REBEL PRISONERS. correct in the matter, but I have been informed

sequence of having kept up this organization I Mr. WADE. I move to take up Senate resthat the Navy Department within the past year am free to say think I say it with truth-ihat olution No. 97. have suspended several Navy agents from iheir there has been no bureau of this Government Mr. SUMNER. What is it about? places upon allegations of fraud, and have con where there has been so much money passed Mr. WADE. About retaliation. ferred their duties upon paymasters in the Navy. through it that has been so admirably managed Mr. SUMNER. I would not go on with that I believe that was the case at the navy-yard at and so accurately as the bureau of provisions to-day. Brooklyn and also at the navy-yard at Philadel and clothing. From the commencement of this Mr. WADE. You would if you were in prison. phia. The Navy agents there were removed upon war down to the present moment I have not heard (Laughter.] the ground of fraud, and their duties conferred a single complaint against it; and I apprehend it The motion was agreed to; and the joint resupon these paymasters, who are now in the exer is in part because of the organization that has olution (S. R. No. 97) advising retaliation for the cise of those duties.

been made in it by the selection of the proper men cruel treatment of prisoners by the insurgents However that may be, whether it is so or not, for these various offices of inspectors and paymas was read the second time, and considered as in here is an addition of one hundred per cent., ters at these particular depois and by the selection Committee of the Whole. doubling this.corps of officers, which we have more propertim as fecit paymystersteis apertise erlel

As it has come to the knowledge of Congress

that great numbers of our soldiers who have fallen menced, and we are to fasten them upon the Navy within their particular jurisdiction, seeing that as prisoners of war into the hands of the insurfor all time. I am not a convert to the doctrine each one of them performed his duty.

gents have been subjected to treatment unexthat the way to put down this rebellion is to in It will be observed that of the one hundred pay- || ampled for cruelty in the history of civilized war, crease these officers and increase their compensa masters now authorized by law under your pres and finding its parallels only in the conduct of tion. I think it would be wise to wait before such ent organization, some twenty-five or thirty of savage tribes; a treatment resulting in the death an addition as this is made until this war is over, them are used in this way. Is it probable that of multitudes by the slow but designed process when there will be a revision and reduction both we shall reduce our Navy below one hundred of slarvation and by mortal diseases occasioned of the naval and land forces, and we can then fix vessels? Is it probable that we are going to do by insufficient and unhealthy food by wanton a permanent peace establishment. It will be much it very speedily? If it is probable, if you propose exposure of their persons to the inclemency of the more difficult to get rid of any officers than it is to do it, do you not think it is advisable to hold weather, and by deliberate assassination of innoto put them in.

out this inducement to these young men who are cent and unoffending men, and the murder in cold In addition to that, where is the necessity for now in the service, and who are resigning, as we blood of prisoners after surrender; and as a conthis measure? The Secretary of the Navy now are told by the chief of the bureau, because the tinuance of these barbarities, in contempt of the has an unlimited power of creating acting assist inducement of a permanent position is not held laws of war and in disregard of the remonstrances ant paymasters just exactly to any extent that he out to them, and when the war is over, if we have of the national authorities, has presented the althinks the public service requires, and he exer too many, we can then get rid of those who are ternative of suffering our brave soldiers thus to be cises it with a liberal hand. As he has this power, most incompetent.

destroyed, or to apply the principle of retaliation and the public service cannot suffer, where is the Mr. HALE. I agree to everything that the for their protection; the resolution declares that, necessity at this time of creating this additional Senator has said about the administration of the in the judgment of Congress, it has become justi. corps of officers, who will be fastened upon us bureau of provisions and clothing, and I think fiable and necessary that the President should, in forever? In my judgment it would be unwise and one great reason, and a very important and prom order to prevent the continuance and recurrence injudicious, and therefore I shall vote against the inent reason, is, because there is at the head of that of such barbarities, and to insure the observance bill.

bureau an honest--and I want to speak that with by the insurgents of the laws of civilized war, reMr. GRIMES. In answer to the last inquiry all the emphasis that can be imagined-an honest, sort at once to measures of retaliation; that in the of the Senator from New Hampshire, as to the ll vigilant, and faithful man. I believe that; and I || opinion of Congress such retaliation ought to be

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