« ΠροηγούμενηΣυνέχεια »
aught I know, quietly submit to have her towns the termination of the treaty of the 5th of June, A. whether it is not best to prevent the organization robbed and burned and her citizens murdered, D. 1854.
of any more new banking associations with power bur the Northwest will not. The people cannot
ENROLLED BILL SIGNED.
to put their notes afloat and still further expand be restrained unless the Government takes prompt and immediate action upon this subject; and I
The message furtherannounced that the Speaker || those State banks that are now in existence, by
the circulating medium, allowing at the same time desire to offer the following resolution on the of the House of Representatives had signed the
withdrawing their circulation, to go into operation subject. It may not meet the views of the Sen- | following enrolled bill, which thereupon received ate, but I offer it for the purpose of having the the signature of the President pro tempore of the
under the general law. Senate:
The fourth point is—and to that I desire spesubject referred to a committee; and I have another to follow it:
A bill (H. R. No. 465) for the relief of Debo
cially to call the attention of the chairman of the
Committee on Finance-to attempt in some way rah Jones. IVhereas raids have been organized in the Canadas and
to substitute some notes of the Government in Nova Scotia, and men enlisted in said British provinces by
ST. LOUIS ARSENAL.
place of all those legal-tender interest-bearing nico purporting to hold commissions from the rebels of the United States for the purpose of robbing and murdering
Mr. BROWN submitted the following resolu- notes which now bear interest from the date of peae able citizens of the United States, of burning cities tion, which was considered by unanimous con- their issue, and the date of their issue may occur and villages, of piratically capturing mercbant vessels and sent, and agreed to:
in any month during the whole year, producing murdering their crews, bring a general system of murder, ar-o.. toobries, and plunders of the peaceable and unarmed
Resolved, that the Committee on Military Affairs and
" confusion worse confounded” in all money citiziis on the United States; and whereas the people of
the Militia be, and they are hereby, instructed to inquire transactions so far as concerns the computation the Britiit provinces seem disposed to protect these thieves,
into the expediency of repealing the act of Congress of of the interest that may have accrued on these
March 2, 1861, entitled " Anact to remove the United States ro!!#5*, LUCudiaries, pirates, and murderers, not only in
notes between individuals as they pass from hand thir individual capacity, but by the quibbles of the law :
arsenal from the city of St. Louis, and to provide for the
to hand. In their stead, I should like to substiTherefore, Kesolredl, That the Committre on Military Affairs be diby bill or otherwise.
lute interest-bearing legal-tender notes for a unirected to inquire into the expediency of immediately enlist
PRINTING OF A BILL.
form rate of interest, bearing date from a given ins an Army corps to watch and defend our territory bordering on the lakes and Canadian line from all bostile
On motion of Mr. RAMSEY,
date within a year, for instance the 1st day of it
January; bearing an interest of 3.65 per cent., demonstrations.
Ordered, That the bill (S. No. 354) extending the time for
which can easily be calculated: upon $100, a cent I ask for the present consideration of the reso
the completion of certain land-grant railroads in the State lution. of Minnesota, and regulating the disposal of lands hereto.
a day; upon $50, half a cent a day; and bearing fore granted said sute to aid in the construction of such interest from that given day, no matter when isMr. JOHNSON. I object. roads, be printed for the use of the Senate.
sued by.the Government, and to be a legal tender The PRESIDENT pro tempore. Objection is
INCREASE OF THE REVENUE.
not only for the face but for the accrued interest, made, and the resolution will lie over until to
Mr. DOOLITTLE. I move to take up the res
so that when the Government pays them out it morrow. Mr. CHANDLER. I move that the resoluolution that I offered ihe other day, which upon
pays them out for their real value, and then they tion be printed. the request of the Senator from Michigan Mr.
pass from hand to hand, and any individual who The motion was agreed to. Chandler] was laid over. The Senator from
happens to take them takes them for the face and Michigan, I believe, did not understand fully the
the interest, and if he chooses to keep them in RECLAMATION ON GREAT BRITAIN.
his hands they are all the while accumulating. purport of the resolution. It is merely one of inMr. CHANDLER. I had hoped that that reso- quiry, and I understand he has now no objection
Mr. President, I have simply called the attenlution would pass unanimously this morning;, but
tion of the Committee on Finance to these four to its being passed. It will give rise to no disas it is objected to, of course it must lie over. I
points; I do not intend to go into a discussion of cussion. now offer the following resolution:
The motion was agreed to; and the Senate proceedingly important; and it is still more important
ihem. I deem each and every one of them exWhereas at the commencement of the present rebellion ceeded to consider the following resolution subthe United States were at peace with the Governments of mitted by Mr. Doolittle on the 12th instant:
that we act, or, if possible, that we induce Conthe world, and upon terms of comity and good-will-with
gress to act upon this great subject of finance, Great Britain; and whereas that nation, before the arrival
Resolved, That the Committee on Finance be instructed on her soil of our minister accredited by the administration to inquire into the propriety of the immediate passage ofan
even before we take the usual adjournment for the
holidays. act to increase the revenue, first, by an additional tax of of President Lincoln, precipiuntely acknowledged the rebels
do not know that it is possible for as belligerents, thus recognizing their fag upon the ocean,
one per cent. upon all sales of real and personal property, this body to originate any bill on this subject; but withoui which recognition it would have been regarder and
including also all bargains for the sale of merchandise, the committee may inquire into it, and can report treated as piratical by all other Powers; and whicreas she
produce, gold or silver coin, or stocks of any description; dien proclaimed perfect neutrality bewveen a Republic with second, by an additional tax of twenty-five per cent. upon
upon these questions. It is for the other House to which she had entertained friendly relations for upward
the gross receipts, to be added to the present rates, of all originate revenue measures, I am aware; but I of half a century and its treasonable subjects; and whereas
railcoad sares, including street railroads, steamboals, and hope that it is possible that this Congress, benumbers of her subjects, with the knowledge or her Gov.
ferries, to be collected by the companies or persons running fore we take the Christmas adjournment, can pass
the same for the use of the Government. And that said ernment, commenced fitting out British last-sailing ships, loaded with munitions of war, for the purpose of running committee be further instructed to inquire into the propri
some revenue measure that shall bring money into into our blockaded ports to the rebels, thus furnishing theru ety of the passage of a law to prevent the further expansion
the Treasury. the means of organizing and continuing the rebellion, and
or the currency by the organization of any new banking Mr. SHERMAN. Before the vote is taken without which it could not have sustained itselt six months; associations except when they may take the place of some
upon the passage of the resolution, I will say a and whereas, in addition to the above, and with the knowl
existing State bank. And that said committee be further edge of the Government, British subjects and members of instructed to inquire into the propriety of redeeming all the
word or two, but not detain the Senate. I have Parliament engaged in the manufacture of piratical English
outstanding interest-bearing legal-tender notes, by issuing no objection to the reference of the resolution, ships, owned by British subjects, manned by British sea
in their stead other notes, in denomination not less than but will state that the Committee on Finance men, and sailing under British colors, for the purpose of fifty dollars each, bearing a uniform interest, from the 1st
have already had this subject under consideration burning, destroying, and utterly driving from the ocean all
day of January in each year, of three and sixty-five one peaceful merchant vessels sailing under the United States hundredths per cent. per annum, with coupons attached,
by the reference of the report of the Secretary of ilag; and whereas many private and unarmed American
to be paid out, and to be made a legal tender for their face, the Treasury and of the President's message. All
with interest added. ships have been burned and destroyed by these pirates from
the points indicated by the Senator's resolution British ports, thus causing great loss and danage to the Mr. DOOLITTLE. I desire to call the atten- will be considered in the Committee on Finance citizens of the United States: Therefore,
tion of the members of the Committee on Finance without the resolution. Resolvedl, That the Secretary of State be instructed immediately to inake out a list of each ship and cargo thus
specially to the points mentioned without at all I desire further to say that, while it is well destroyed, with a fair and separate valuation thereof, and entering into a discussion. The resolution in- enough for Senators to submit their propositions interest thereon at the rate of six per cent. per annum from structs the committee to inquire into the propriety | upon this subject, yet we are restrained in our ili date of capiure or destruction to the date of presenta
of a tax on all sales both of real and personal | action by the provision of the Constitution which rion, and that he be directed to demand from the British Government payment in full for all ships and cargoes de
property. According to the lowest estimate which requires that all bills for raising revenue shall stroyed as aforesaid.
can be made, that of itself would produce a rev- originate in the House of Representatives. At the I ask for the present consideration of the reso
enue of $75,000,000 every year. It not only pro- | last session the Senate attempted to indicate its Jution, and move that it be referred to the Com- poses a tax upon sales aclually made, but upon desire to increase the tax on incomes, and sent a mittee on Commerce.
all bargains or contracts to sell stocks, gold, and proposition of that kind, as an amendment to one The PRESIDENT pro tempore. It requires produce, which will have more of a restraining of the military bills, to the other House, but it unanimous consent to consider the resolution at effect upon speculations in gold than any gold was resented by the House, the bill was laid upon the present time. Is there objection?
bills which can be passed making it a penal of- the table, and they sent us back a new proposiMr. JOHNSON. I object.
fense to sell gold in the market, or to make any tion. I think, therefore, we ought to avoid any The PRESIDENT pro tempore. Objection
distinction between gold and paper currency. controversy with the House of Representatives being made, it will lie over.
It also proposes that the committee shall in
upon a matter the origination of which the ConMr.CHANDLER. I move that the resolution | quire into the propriety of adding twenty-five per stitution vests in them exclusively. We must be printed.
ceni, tax to all the railroad fares in the country, await their action. They will, necessarily, soon The motion was agreed to.
including street railroads, steamboats, and ferries, send to the Senate bitis providing additional rev
and making the companies the lax-gatherers for enue, and then we can propose amendments of MESSAGE FROM TIIE HOUSE.
the benefit of the Government. Here is a source various kinds increasing the taxes. A message from the House of Representatives, of income and of revenue which is the most im- I desire now to say for myself that I believe by Mr. McPherson, its Clerk, announced that the mediately accessible, perhaps, of any upon which the true remedy for our financial difficulties is a House had passed the following bill and joint res- the Government can lay its hand. It will be re- very large increase of taxes. Perhaps my views olution, in which it requested the concurrence of ceived in large quantities from powerful compa- | in this respect will not be sustained by the Senate. the Senate:
nies, rich companies, and the revenue to flow into From the beginning of the war I have thought A bill (No. 595) to amend an act entitled "An the Treasury of the Government will be immense. that the true mode was to pay as we go, as far as act for the punishment of crimes in the District of And this is the time, Mr. President, of all others, possible. There are various reasons for this; I Columbia,” approvedl March 2, 1831; and
when we should seize hold of those means which will state but one that operates very strongly on A joint resolution *(No. 56) authorizing the will produce the revenue, for the money we must my mind. The soldiers that are serving in the President of the United States to give to the Gov- have.
field are enduring all the hardships of this war; ernment of Great Britain the notice required for Another point in the resolution is an inquiry 1l those at home are more prosperous than ever
before; persons engaged in ordinary business are Mr. SUMNER. It refers to a treaty.
change his vote on the same question, and voted now doing better than they have done for years; Mr. GRIMES. It refers purely to commercial in the affirmative. and I think it but right that they who are now relations existing between this country and the
NATURALIZATION OF SOLDIERS AND SAILORS. reaping profits from the condition of war should provinces of Great Britain. pay very largely in taxes in order to bear their Mr. SUMNER. Then every question of com
Mr. WILSON, by unanimous consent, reshare of the burdens of a great war. If we in- merce between the two countries, even if it is the
ported from the Committee on the Judiciary, with crease our national debt, and put these taxes | subject of negotiation, must be referred to the
an amendment in the nature of a substitute, a bill upon future generations, we compel the descend- Committee on Commerce, and you may as well
(H. R. No. 583) to so amend the law in regard ants of the very soldiers who have fought our dismiss your Committee on Foreign Relations.
to the naturalization of soldiers as to include sail. battles also to pay the expenses of the war. I That subject is at this moment under the consid
ors also in its provisions. think we ought to be willing to endure a very eration of the Committee on Foreign Relations.
On motion of Mr. WILSON the House prolarge amount of taxation, far in excess of any It was referred by the Senate several times during ceeded to the consideration of the bill. we have had heretofore. the last session by several different resolutions
The substitute reported by the committee was At the proper time, when these questions prop- and petitions.
read. It provides that the twenty-first section of erly come before the Senate, the Senator will have The PRESIDENT pro tempore. It is moved
an act entitled "An act to define the pay and emolan opportunity to present his views on the vari- | by the Senator from lowa thaithe joint resolution
uments of certain officers of the Army, and for ous details connected with the general subject of be referred to the Committee on Commerce.
other purposes," approved July 17, 1862, be so taxation, and they will then be fully considered;
amended as to read as follows:
The question being put, the motion was not but at present we are not able to act upon them, agreed to.
That any alien of the age of twenty-one years and 11pand shall not be until bills come to us from the
wards, who has enlisted or shall enlist in the armies of the
The joint resolution was referred to the Com- United States, either the volunteer or regular forces, or in House of Representatives. mittee on Foreign Relations.
the naval or marine forces, and has been or shall hereafter Mr. BROWN. Mr. President, I should have no
be honorably disebarged, may be admitted to become a citobjection to the reference of this resolution espe
izen of the Unitrd States upon his petition without any proofs of
aration of his intention to become a citcially, to the Committee on Finance, if it was intro- Mr. DOOLITTLE. I move that those mat- izen of the United States, and that he shall not be required duced simply for the purpose of setting forth the ters which were pending at the adjournment of the to prove more than one year's residence within the United views entertained by the Senator from Wiscon- last session of Congress, with the papers accom
States previous to liis application to become such citizen; sin, and of indicating the direction in which he || panying them, be referred by the Chair to their
and that the court admitting such alien shall, in addition
to the proof of residence and good moral character as is thought inquiry should be made; but if it is going appropriate committees.
now provided by law, be satisfied, by competent proof, or to that committee by general consent, and is to be The PRESIDENT pro tempore. That order such person having been honorably discharged from ihe taken as any indication that the Senate concur in is already made.
service of the United States as aforesaid. the suggestions made, I wish for one to say that I Mr. CÓLLAMER. Some question has arisen
The amendment was agreed to. do not, that I differ very widely in regard to the among us about the referring of papers to the The bill was ordered to be engrossed and read policies which he has indicated and the effects to committees. I understand that by the rule of the a third time; and being engrossed, it was accordflow from them which he seems to anticipate. Senate the business is to be taken up in the state ingly read the third time, and passed.
I will add only one other word, and say this, of completion in which it was when we adjourned The amended title, as reporied by the committhat I think gentlemen are perhaps somewhat at the last session. I take it, of course, that those tee, was agreed to as follows: mistaken in regard to the extent to which taxa- bills which were reported and on the Calendar at A bill to amend the twenty-first section of an act entition can be carried, and that we are perhaps nearer the close of the last session are not again to be
tled "An act to define the pay and emoluments of certain the limit at which it can be properly borne than sent to the committees, but the Senate will take
officers of the Army, and for other purposes," approved many persons imagine. I think that in the con- them up in the order in which they stood on the
July 17, 1862. duct of this war, in the carrying on of our system Calendar at the time of our adjournment.
Mr. WILSON moved to reconsider the vote for the future, we have got to look in another di- The PRESIDENT pro tempore. That is the
by which the bill was passed, and also moved that rection; in other words, it has become an expense
the motion to reconsider be laid on the table. understanding of the
Chair. account, and we have got to look to a reduction of Mr. DOOLITTLE. I understand, then, that
The latter motion was agreed to. expenditure to enable us to sustain our financial || according to the rules all those matters which COMMITTEE OF WAYS AND MEANS. system. I believe that is a direction in which in- were in the hands of the committees, not reported Mr. STEVENS. I move that the Committee quiry should more properly be made. I do not upon, are to be again sent to the committees, with of Ways and Means have leave to sit during the desire to oppose the passage of the resolution, the accompanying papers.
sessions of the House. but simply to say thai I trust it will be taken as The PRESIDENT pro tempore. All'unfinished The motion was agreed to. no indication, in regard to the points mooted, of business before the committees at the adjourna general concurrence on the part of the Senate. ment of the last session goes back to the com
INVALID PENSIONS, ETC. Mr. DOOLITTLE. I agree with the Senator mitlees, of course.
Mr. STEVENS, from the Committee of Ways from Missouri entirely in what he says, that it is
and Means, reported a bill making appropriations
EXECUTIVE SESSION. necessary to reduce the expenses in every pos
for the payment of invalid and other pensions of Bible way, and I will go with him in the effort to Several executive messages were received from the United States for the year ending the 30th of reduce them, and to compel the administration of
the President of the United States by Mr. Nico- June, 1866. every department of the Government on prin- LAY, his Secretary.
Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. I desire to ciples of the strictest economy possible. Ai the
On motion of Mr. POMEROY, the Senate pro- ask the gentleman from Pennsylvania (Mr. Stesame time, our necessary expenses are so great
ceeded to the consideration of executive business; || Vens) whether this bill contains any other proand must be so great that we are compelled to
and after some time spent therein the doors were visions than those necessary to carry out existing seize hold of every source that will certainly bring | reopened, and the Senate adjourned.
laws. us revenue; and while I do not expect, of course,
Mr. STEVENS. It is simply a bill to pay that the Senate, by allowing this resolution to go
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
pensions authorized by law. It contains no other to the committee now, express their opinion on
provisions. the points I have presented, still the points are of
WEDNESDAY, December 14, 1864.
The bill was read a first and second time, resufficient consequence and magnitude to be well The House met at twelve o'clock, m. Prayer ferred to the Committee of the Whole on the state considered by the committee, and therefore I hope by Rev. Dr. Bowman, Chaplain of the Senate. of the Union, and ordered to be printed. the resolution will pass without any objection. The Journal of yesterday was read and approved.
Mr. STEVENS. I move that ihis bill be made Mr. FOSTER. Mr. President, I do not rise
a special order for to-morrow.
RECIPROCITY TREATY-RECORDING VOTES. to prolong the discussion; I only wish to say one
The motion was agreed to. word, and that is, one of the most certain modes Mr. KASSON. I ask leave to record my vote
CONSULAR AND DIPLOMATIC EXPENSES. of promoting economy in our affairs is to make on the passage of the joint resolution authorizing the people pay as we go. the President to give the requisite notice for term
Mr. STEVENS also reported from the Com
mittee of Ways and Means a bill making approThe resolution was agreed to.
inating the treaty made by Great Britain on behalf
priations for the consular and diplomatic ex-,
penses of the Government for the year ending
ihe 30th of June, 1866. The bill (No. 595) to amend an act entitled | granted, I would like to inquire whether it is true “An act for the punishment of crimes in the Dis- ihat the Canadian authorities have discharged all
Mr. HOLMAN. I wish to make the same intrict of Columbia,'' approved March 2, 1831, was the rebels whose cases have been under investi- quiry in reference to this bill that was made with
regard to the other-whether it contains any apread iwice by its title and referred to the Com- gation there. mittee on the Judiciary,
Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. It is so stated
propriation not authorized by existing law.
Mr. STEVENS. It does not; it contains no The joint resolution (No. 56) authorizing the in a dispatch from Toronto. President of the United States to give to the Gov- Mr. STEVENS. Then I hope that all gentle- | appropriations but such as are authorized by laws ernment of Great Britain the notice required for men who voted against the bill will change their
already existing. the termination of the reciprocity treaty of the 5th votes and make the passage of the bill unanimous.
The bill was read a first and second time, of June, A. D. 1854, was read twice by its title. Leave was granted to Mr. Kasson to record his
referred to the Committee of the Whole on the The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The joint | vote, and he voted in the affirmative.
state of the Union, and ordered to be printed. regolution will be referred to the Committee on Messrs.DEMING,Driggs, Blair, and Longyear
Mr. STEVENS. I move that this bill also be Foreign Relations if there be no objection. obtained similar leave, and voted in the afirma
made a special order for to-morrow. They are tive. Mr. GRIMES. I think that resolution ought
both short bills. to be referred to the Committee on Commerce. Messrs. J. C. ALLEN, LE BLOND, and Kalb
The motion was agreed to. The PRESIDENT pro tempore. Does the Sen- FLEISCH obtained similar leave, and voted in the SHIP CANAL AROUND NIAGARA FALLS. ator make that motion? negative.
The SPEAKER. The first bill in order is a Mr. GRIMES. I do.
Mr. Davis, of New York, obtained leave to bill (H. R. No. 126) to construct a ship canal
around the Fulls of Niagara, postponed from last the bill continuous in its operation, so that on the Charles O'Neill, Orth. Patterson. Peram. Pika. Pomeroy, session until this day.
last day of next February, and the last day of Prier, Alexander el. Riie, Jon H. Nee, Cilevard 11. Kola Mr. SPALDING. I move that the consider
lins, James S. Rollins,
Snek, Stil, Shannon. Shuni, each month thereafter, there shall be a revision
Smit, Smithers, Spalding, starr, suari, Thayir, Tinas, ation of that bill be postponed, and that it be of the rolls of the Army, and all general officers
Upan, Van Valkenburg, Birha B.Ila-deburma, l'illiam B. made the special order for Tuesday, the 24th day who may be found on the last day of any month Witchburn, Winley, Haldians, lidir, i lidson, Indon, of January, after the morning hour. not to have been employed in any way corre
Benjaan Pood, and Yram!-99. Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. And be con
VIY-Meis. Jumis ('. All'), 17-015 C. Baldwin, sponding to their rank, for the three months chien
Brook, James s. Browil, Chantror, lx, Demisen, Loron, tinued from day to day until disposed of. next preceding, shail be dropped as provided in Eldridge, Ganson, Grider. Ilaniing, Herrick, Katbtleisch
Mr. HOLMAN. It is not proposed to make it other cases in the first section. The effect of the Kiruan, Bing, Knapp, Long, Malicors', Warey, McDowell, a special order.
second section is io make the bill continuous in McKinney, William 11. Miller, Jam R. Morris, Morrison, The SPEAKER. It is not.
Noble, Norton, John O'Neill, Pendleton, Savel J. Ran. its character. That is the only amendment to the
dall, Ross, Seott, John B. sticle, Willian G. Steele, SieMr. BROOKS. Has the subject been disposed bill of last year.
venn, stile. Townsend, and IVadsworth-33. of?
Mr. COX. I remember when my colleague NOT VOTING-Messrs. William J. Alles), Alley, AnThe SPEAKER. It has not; the question of introduced his bill at the last session, my friend
derson, Bliss, l'illiam G. Brown, CLIN', Coffroid, Creswell,
Henry Winter Divis. Dumont, froti, Frank, Couch, postponement being still pending.
from New York, (Mr. KERNAN,) as well as my- Hat!, Benjamin G. Harris, Charles M. Harris, Hutchins, Mr. SPALDING. I ask that it be made a spe- selt, oifered amendments. I do nor know whether Philip Jolinson, William Johnson, Julian, Kelly, Loan, cial order.
they are pertinent to this bill or not; and I want McBride, Misluleton, Samuel F. Miller, Nrison, Odell, Papa Mr. HOL MAN. I object. to undersiand whether this is entirely a new bill.
ry, Pruyn, Radford. William H. Randall, Robinson, Rogers,
sirutke, Swear, Tracy, Voorlees, Ward, "Vrbairr, Wire The SPEAKER. Unanimous consent is re- Vi, SCHCYCK. It is a new bill.
Jer, Chilton A. While, Joseph W. White, Winfield, Ferquired w make it a special order, except on Mon- Mr. COX. What has become of the old one? nando lood, and Woodbridge-45. days.
Mr. SCHENCK. That bill hangs in the Sen- So the bill was passed. The motion to postpone was then agreed to. ate. The old joint resolution, for this is a bill
Mr. SCUENCK moved that the vote last taken and that wus a joint resolution, is substantially PROTECTION OF CANADIAN FRONTIER.
be reconsidered, and also moved that the motion the same with the exception of the date. Mr. BROOKS submitted the following resolu
to reconsider be laid on the table.
Mr. COX. I would have no objection to vote tion; which was read, considered, and agreed to:
The latter motion was agreed to. for this bill, provided the proper guards are thrown Resolvedl, That the Cominilice on Foreign Affur: be re around it by which the officers who are to be
MAJOR WILLIAM H. JAMESON. quested to inquire into the expediency of formidhi pio viding, by negotiation ar otherwise, for the protaction ofur
dropped shall have a fair trial. That was the Mr. GARFIELD, from the Committee on MiliCanadian and provincial frontier from murder, arson, and
amendmeni of my friend from New York, [Mr. tary Affairs, reported back a bill(s. No. 329) for burglary, under the pretense of rebel invasion.
KERNAN,) at the last session. The President of the relief of William II. Jameson, a paymaster in PUBLIC BUILDINGS AND GROUNDS.
The United States can now, at any time, drop any the United States Army.
of these officers for incompetency and inefficiency. The bill, which was read, requires the proper Mr. RiCE, of Maine, submitted ihe following resolution; which was read, considereil, and
I have not learned the necessity, since the last accounting officer of the Treasury to allow Major
session of Congress, of passing this measure, William [I. Jameson, on settlement, a credit of agreed to:
when the head of the Army has already the righi$959 14, for money in his hands as paymaster of Resolrei, That so much of the annual naasnge of the President to the two Houses of Congress itt the present se
to drop these officers. Tdo not know why the the Army, on board the steamer Ruth, destroyed sion, together with the accompanying document, ils relairs Senate does not pass the bill sent to them by this by fire on the night of the 4th of August, 1863. to public edifices and grounds in the vily of Tarbington, House; perhaps my colleague can inforın me. Mr. HOLMAN. I should like to hear some be referred to the Committee on Public Building and They may have some reason for not passing it explanation of that bill. Grounds.
that the minority did not comprehend last year. Mr. GARFIELD. A bill passed both Houses SILIP CAVAL.
I would ask my colleague lo stato, if he knows, of Congress at the last session, in connection with The SPEAKER stated the next business in or- | why it is that the Senate dues not pass it. which there was a full investigation of the circumder to be a bill (H.R. No.3:22) 10 construct a ship
Mr.SCHENCK. It is as much as I can do to stances attending the burning of the steamer Ruth, canal for the passage of armcu naval vesselstrom answer for the action of this House so far as I am and a credit was given to Major N. S. Brinton of the Mississippi river to Like Michigall, and for concerned as one of its component parts. I cer- $2,600,000, for currency which was in wooden other purposes, reporied try the genileman from tainly cannot tell why the Senate dues or does not boxes, burned on board that steamer. Illinois (li. Arnold) from the Committee on leginiate upon any given subject.
It was also in evidence before the committee, Roads and Canals, and the further consideration Mr. COX. Tihink my question was hardly a as will be found in the printed report of last sesof which was postponed until Tuesday, Decem- proper one to my colleague, and I withdraw it. sion, that there were several paymasters' safes ber 13. But I am opposed to the measure.
on board the Ruth at the time of her destruction, Mr. ARNOLD. I move that the name order Mr. SCHENCK. I do not propose to reargue and that these were in part recovered, and that be made in reference to that billigt was made in the ineries of the proposition reported from the some fragments of bills, not entirely destroyed, reference to the bill for a ship canal around the Military Commitiee. The joint resolution, as were delivered up to the Treasury agent. This Falls uf Niagara.
passed by us last session, was discussed until no bull has reference to one of the paymasters, who Mr. WASHBURNE, .of Illinois. To what one seemed desirous of discussing it any longer; had his money in one of these sates. There was day does my coiteague propose to postpone it? and amendments were proposed and disagreed 10 only about nine hundred dollars of it, and he had Mr. ARNOLD. 'To the same day.
by the House. The joint resolution was passed, | paid out of that sum about two hundred and fifty The motion was agreed to.
but the evil continuing to a very considerable dollars to two officers whose names he had enCOMMITTEE OF WAYS AND MEANS.
extent, thougli not to quite so great an extent as tirely forgotten, and the vouchers for these pay
at that time, and the committee, not knowing why menis were in the safe and were destroyed. The SPEAKER stated that the Calendar havthe Senate have not acted upon that jo ut resolu
Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. If the gening been exhausted, the next business in order was a call of the commiliees for reports.
tion, have embodied the substance of it in a sec- tleman will permit me, this, I believe, is one of a
tion of the bill they have now reported. They class of cases in regard to money which was lost Mr. STEVENS. I ask that, by unanimous
have further added to the provision a section which on board the Ruth. During the last days of last consent, the Committee of Ways and Means shall have the privilege of reporting ut a subse
will make the operation of the bill continuous in session this House passed a bill, which I think
its application. There are no new principles in- became a law, for the relief of Major N. S. Brinqurni period of the day.
volved, no new questions to be raised, and as the ton, but that bill contained a provision which is There was no objection, and the motion was
subject was thus discussed last session, and sub- not in this bill, but which I shall ask leave to agreed to.
Sequently presented to the House again by the have incorporated in it, that the case should be
allowance of the credit should be subject to his itary Airis, reported back the remonstrance of
The previous question was seconded and the approval. I L. Reuilley, and two hundred others, against main question ordered.
Mr. GARFIELD. I do not remember such a the repeal of the commutation clause; which was
The question recurred on the amendment to provision in the bill, though it may be there. The " laid on the table, and the report ordered to be
strike oul" ]st of February” and insert “ 151h gentleman will find it on page 10 of the Privale
Acts of the last Congress.
read a third time; and being engrossed it was ac- know that the House put that provision in. Mr. SCHENCK, from the same committec, re- cordingly read the third time.
Mr. GARFIELD. I have no objection at all ported back House bill No.586, to drop from the Mr. ELDRIDGE demanded the yeas and nays.
to having it inserted in this bill. li has passed rolls of the Army unemployed general officers, with the recommendation that it do pass.
The yeas and nays were ordered.
the Senate, and has been examined by the ComThe question was put, and it was decided in the mittee on Military Affairs. On comparing the The bill was read. affirmative---yeas 99, nays 38, not voting-45; as
facts in this case with the report in the other case, Mr. SCHENCK. The committee recommend follows:
we find that it belongs to the same class. an amendment to strike out the lst and substitute YEAS-Messrs. Allison, Ames, Ancona, Arnold. Ashley,
Mr. FARNSWORTH. I will ask the gentlethe 15th day of February. Baily, John D. Baldwin, Baxter, Beaman, Blaine, Blair,
man from Ohio if it is not understood that this
Davis, Dawes, Dawson, Dem., Dixour, Donnelly, Drings,
Mr. GARFIELD. It has passed through all feld, Grinnell, Griswoldt, llati, farrington, Iligby, flolman, the Departments of the Government, and they The first section is the same, with only the change llooper, Hotchilikss, Ashed Willubbard, Jolin li. Hubbard, have referred the party to Congress as his only of date, so as to make it prospective now as it
Hullund, Ing, rull. Junckes, kas, Frances W. K tous, was ihon. Orlando Kellweg. Knox, Law, Lazear, Le Blond, Littlejolin,
remedy. The evidence is full and satisfactory Longyear, Marvill, Me Allister, McClurg, McIndoe, Moor
that this money was utterly destroyed except such There is, however, a second section to make head, Morrill, Daniel Morris, Ainos Myers, Leonard Myers, payments as were returned to the Treasury agent
" That the proper accounting officers of the Treasury Department be, itid they are hereby, authorized and rie quired to allow Major N. S. Brivion, on the settlement of liis account', il credil of $2,600,000 for money in his hands as pirmiator in the Army, on board the steaner Ralth, and destroyed by fire on the night of the 4th of August, 1863"
Now, this is the part of the act to which I referred, and I thoughi I was not mistaken: "if, on examining the evidence by the Pyraster General. Die,the saiu Paymaster General, shall deem him justly eulitled to such credi; but such credit shall not be allowed without the said Paymaster General shall certity his approval thereof."
That is an amendment which I drew up. The gentleman from Pennsylvania (Mr. Stevens accepted it, and the House embodied it in the law. I only desire to have this claim put upon the same footing, and I presume the gentleman will have no objection to that.
MrGARFIELD. I will say to the gentleman from Ulinois that the bill, as introduced by the Military Committee of the House, did not contain the clause which he has read; I remember now that the bill that finally passed came from the Senate.
Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. I knew that I was not mistaken. If the gentleman from Ohio will consent to this amendment, I will offer no further opposition to his bill.
Mr. GARFIELD. I will do so. Let that clause be added to ille bill.
Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. The amendment is, to add lo the bill the words, “if, on examining the evidence by the Paymaster General, he, the said Paymaster General, shall deem hini justly entitled to said credit; but such credit shall not be allowed without the said Paymaster General shall certify his approval thereof."
Mr. GARFIELD moved the previous question.
The previous question was seconded and the main question ordered, which was first on the amendinent.
The amendment was agreed to.
The bill, as amended, was then ordered to be read a third time, and was accordingly read the third time, and passed.
Mr. GARFIELD moved to reconsider the vote by which the bill was passed; and ulso moved to lay the motion to reconsider on the table. The latter motion was agreed to.
BUSINESS OX SPEAKER'S TABLE. Mr. STEVENS. I move that the House do now proceed to the business on the Speaker's table.
There being no objection, the motion was agreed to.
COMMISSION ON TAXATION. The House proceeded, as the first business on the Speaker's table, to the consideration of a joint resolution (S. No. 78) providing for the appointment of a commission on the subjece of raising revenue by taxation,
The joint resolution was read. It authorizes the Secretary of the Treasury to appoint a commission, consisting of three persons, to inquire and report, at the earliest practicable moment, as io the best and most efñcient mode of raising, by taxation, such additional revenue as may hereafier be found necessary to supply the wants of the Government, having regard to the sources from which the same shall be derived, and gives power to the commission to lake testimony in such manner and under such regulations as may be prescribed by the Secretary of the Treasury, and appropriates such sum as may be necessary to detray the expenses of the commission, including the pay of witnesses.
The SPEAKER. On the 4th of July last the previous question was ordered on the passage of the joint resolution. The gentleman from Ohio (Mr. LEBLOND) moved that the joint resolution
be laid on the table. On that motion the year service on Lake Erip, which vessel is an nearly completed and nays were ordered, and the House then ad- that her trial irip has beeu ordered for to-day. This is the journed. The question is now on the motion to
only steamer belonging to the Governinent applicable to
revenue purposes on all the lakes Tay the joint resolution on the table, on which the
The necessiiy, howev?r, for preventing smuggling nlong yeas and Days have been ordered.
our northern frontier, which the Government lias salisfacMir. MORRILL. If the motion to lay on the
tory evidence is carried on to it great extent, induced the table be voted down will not the question then be
Sueretary to oharier twostramers for tiniporary service, one
on Lake Erie and one on Like Ontario. One of the everon the passage of the joint resolution?
sels was lost 011 entering the larbarof Cleveland, and the The SPEAKER, It will be.
charter of the other has expired and she has gone out of Mr. FARNSWORTH. I wish to inquire if service,
I therefore recommend that authority be given to build or we have not got a commiltee of the House for
purchase five efficient steam vessels for the use of the rev. the very purpose contemplated by the joint reso
enue departinent on the northern lakes, whichi, in addition lution.
to the one just completed, will make the number of culters The SPEAKER. The Chair will state that the previously employed. House is acting under the previous question.
It is possible unt the number here recommended may not
all be required. The groallength of the coast to be guaried, The question was taken, and it was decided in and in some parts is close proximity to the C:wadian shore, the atfirmative-yeas 69, nays 65, not voting, 48;
demand constant vigilance, and the proper authority should
be conterradio meet all contingeucies. as follows:
If possible such vessels should be completed and commis. YEIS-Messrs. James C. Allen, William J. Allen, An
sioned by the opening of navigation. cona, Augustus C. Baldwin, Bliss, Blow, Brandt.ee, L'obil,
I am, very respectfully, your obedient servini, Cole, Cux, Cravos, lleury lines Davis, Dawson, Deni
W' P. FESSEVDEN, Foll, Dixon, Eckley, Eden, Cilgerton. Eldridge, Englisli,
Secretary of the Treasury. Farn-worth, Finck, Gan-on, Griller, Plariding, Carrington, llon. Jonn SHERMAN. liby, Golmani, A-ahel W. Hubbard, Junckes, Philip Jolinson, Kalbfleisch. Ka-s011, Francis V. Kullogg, Orlando K11- The SPEAKER. Is there oljection to the con. 1924, kermall, Kapp, Le Blond. Loug, Millory, Marvin, sideration of this bill by the House at the presMcClurg. McDowall, Veludow", Mokinn 1, Daniel Morris,
ent lime? The Chair hears no objection. James R. Morris, Morri-01, Noble, John O'Neill, Sanniel J. Randall, Jannes S. Rollins, Ross, Stramon, Spalding, Starr,
There being no objection, the bill was read the William G. Steele, Stivens, Srilen, duart, Thayer, third time, and passeil. Thomas, Wadsworili, Elilu B. Wirburne, Williains, Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois, moved to reWilidir. Wilson, Benjamin: food, and Yeuman-69.
consider the vote on the passage of the bill, and NAYS--Messrs. Ally. Allison, Ames, Anderson, Arnold, Ashley, John D. Baldwin, Berman, Blair, Boutwell, Boyd,
also moved that the motion to reconsider be laid Broomall, James S. Browl, Chaniti, Aucosito W. Clark, on the table. Freeman Clarke, Thomas T. Davis, Deming, Donnelly, The latter motion was agreed to. Driggs, Eliot, Frank, Garfield, Griunell, Griswold, Clerrick, llooper, Hotchkiss, Joon 1. Bubijard, lhubund, Ingersoll,
ADJOURNMENT. Kelley, Littlejolin, Longyear, McAllister, Meßride, William H. Miller, Voorhead, Morrill, Amos Myers, Leonard Myers, Mr. WASHBURNE, of Ilinois. I move that Norton, Ciures O'Nill, Oru, Pendietoni, Perham, Pike, the House do now adjourn. Pomeroy. Price, Radford, John Il Rier, Scienck, Scofield,
Mr. BALDWIN, öf Massachusetts. On that Seout, Sloan, Smithi, Smithers. Jolin B. Steele, Townsend, Upson, Van lakenburgli, William B. Washburn, Whaley,
motion. I demand the yeas and nays. Wheeler, and Windom-65.
The veas and nays were ordered. NOT VOTING-Mssrz. Baily, Baxter, Blaine, Brooks, Mr. BROOKS. Is it in order to move that when William G. Brown, Clar, Coffroth, Creswell, Dawes, Du.
the House adjourns it adjourn to meet on Friday mont, Fenton, Gooch, Hale, Hall, Benjamin G. Harris, Charles M. Harris, Hutchins, William Johnson, Julian,
Mr. BROOKS. I make that motion.
A MEMBER. Say till the 4th of January. Winfield, Fernando Wood, and Woodloridge-48.
Mr. BROOKS. The Constitution forbids that; So the joint resolution was laid on the table. otherwise I would. Mr. FARNSWORTH moved to reconsider the
The motion of Mr. Brooks was not agreed to. vote by which the joint resolution was laid on the
The question was taken on the motion to adtable, and also moved to lay the motion to recon
journ, and it was decided in the negative-yeas sider on the table.
55, nays 82, noi voting 45; as follows: The latter motion was agreed to.
YEAS-Messrs. James C. Allen, William J. Allen, Alli
8011, Ancona, Anderson, Arnold, Baily, Beaman, Bouiwell, REVENUE CUTTERS FOR TIIE LAKES.
Boyd, Brandegre, James S. Browli, Chanter, Freeman The SPEAKER. The next bill on the table is
Clarke, Dixon, Driggs, Eckley, Eden, Eldridge, Farnsworth,
Goocli, Grider, loopir, Untcikiss, Asahel W. Hubbarit, InSenate bill No. 330, to authorize the purchase or gersoli, Kalbfleisch, Keller', Francis W. Kellogg, Knapp, construction of revenue cutters on the lakes. Lazear, Le Blond, Longyear, Marcy. McAllieter, McDowThe bill was read a first and second time. It
ell, Meindoe, Jaines R. Morris, Morrison, Norton, John
O'Neill, Pike, John II. Rice, Scott, Smith, Smithers, Spaldproposes to authorize the Secretary of the Treas
ing, Jolin B. Steele, Williain G. Sledile, Stevens, Stuart, ury to construct or purchase and alter notexceed- Van Valkenburgh, Wadsworth, Elihu B. Washburne, and ing six steam revenue cutters for service on the Wils01-55. lakes, and appropriates $1,000,000, or so much
NAYS-Messrs. Alley, Ames, Ashley, Augustus C. Bald
win,John D. Baldwin, Baxter, Blaine, Blair, Brooks, Broomthereof as may be necessary, for that purpose.
ail, Aunbrose "V. Clark, Cobb, Cole, Cox, Henry Winter Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. This bill Davis, Thomas T. Davis, Dawes, Dawson, Deming, Den. contains an appropriation of money, and if there ison, Donnelly, Edigerton, Eliot, Engli-ll, Finck. Frank, be any objection to its consideration, it must, as
Ganson, Grinell, Hale, llarding, lerrick, ligby, Uorman,
John II. Thubbard, llulound, Philip Johnson, Orlando Kel a matter of course, go to the Committee of the
logy, Kornan, K110x, LW, Lilllejoli, Loan, Long, MalWhole on the state of the Union. I hope, how- Jory, Marvin, McCluru, Mekimey, William II. Miller, ever, that the House will hear read the letter of Moorhead, Morrill, Daniel Morris, Amos Myers, Leonard the Secretary of the Treasury on this subject
Myers, Noble, Odell, Charles O'Neill, Orth, Perhim, Pom
proy, Price, Radtord, Samuel J. Rindall, Alexander H. which I send to the Clerk's desk, and what there
Rice, Edward II. Rollins, James S. Rollins, Ross, Shannon, will be no objection to the immediate passage of Sloan, Starr, Sules, Sweat, Thager, Thomas, Townsend, this bill for the protection of our commerce and Tracy, Upson, William B. Washburn, Whaley, Wheeler,
William Wilder, and Windom-82. to prevent smuggling on the lakes.
NOT VOTING-Messrs. Bliss, Blow, William G. Brown, The SPEAKER. As this bill contains an ap- Clay, Coffroi, Cravens, Creswell, Dumont, Fenton, Garpropriation, it will require unanimous consent for field, Griswold, Hall, Tarrington, Benjamin G. Harris, its consideralion by the House at the present time. Charles L. Harris, Hotehins, Jenckes, William Johnson, The letter of the Secretary of the Treasury will
Julian, Kasson, King, MoBride, Middleton, Samuelf. Mii.
ler, Nelson, l'alterson, Pendleton, Perry, Pruyu, Wiliam be read, after which the Chair will ask for objec- H. Randall, Robinson, Rogers, Schenck, Scofield, Strouse, tions, if any.
Voorhees, Ward, Webster, Chilton A. White, Joseph w. The Clerk read the following letter:
White, Wintielid, Benjamin Wood, Fernando Wood, Wood
bridge, and Yeaman-45. TREASURY DEPARTMENT, December 8, 186 1. Six: I have the lionor to acknowledge the receipt of your
So the House refused to adjourn.
. letter of the 7th instant, requesting information as to the
MESSAGE FROM THE SENATE. number of revenue cutters now on the laker, their efficiency, and the necessity for their increase.
A message from the Senate, by Mr. Forner, The numbrir of cultiers heretofore maintained on the
its Secretary, informed the House that the Senate northern lakes was six. They were sailing vessels, ind of such build and rig as to prevent their cruising with efti.
had passed a bill and joint resolutions of the folciency. In 1861 tive of them were directed to be brought lowing litles, in which they asked the concurrence down the St. Lawrenee to the Atlantic coast, in the hope of the House: that they might be used advanligeously in the preventive A bill (No. 352) to authorize the holding of a service. One was left upon the lakes, but found to be worthless, and soid. During the lase winter a contract was
special session of the United States district court made with parties to build an eflicient steamer for revenue
for the district of Indiana;
Joint resolution (No. 83) tendering the thanks fundamental changes of the Constitution of the ing the institution of slavery from abolition by of Congress to Captain John A. Winslow, United United States.
force or violence, while they left it to be abolStates Navy, and to the officers and men under But it is said that slavery is the stumbling- ished by the peaceful and graceful influences of his command on board the United States steamer block in the way of the restoration of the Union, Christianity: Kearsarge, in her conflict with the piratical craft, and that without the abolition of slavery it is not Mr. PRICE. As the gentleman quotes scripthe Alabama, in compliance with the President's possible for us, now or hereafter, to live on terms ture so glibly, and refers to the fathers of the recommendation to Congress of the 5th of De- of amity and peace with our former southern coun- Church so readily, I wish to ask him if he has cember, 1864;
trymen. I do not now, or at any time this session, read where it is written that the time of this ignoJoint resolution (No. 84) tendering the thanks propose to rediscuss this topic of slavery. I have rance was winked at, but that now He commands of Congress to Lieutenant William B. Cushing, nothing new to say upon it, or but little to take all men, everywhere, even McClellan Democrats, United States Navy, and to the officers and men back. I adhere to the opinions which I have here- to repent? who assisted him in his gallant and perilous tofore advanced on that subject on the floor of this Mi. BROOKS. I do not know who has given achievement in destroying the rebel steamer Al- House, and, in the main, to the opinions which the gentleman any superior wisdom that enables bemarle, in compliance with the President's rec- I have held for twenty-five to thirty years, and him to say that ihis is a wiser age than the age ommendation to Congress of the 5th of Decem- which some not unkind friend has reproduced of our Saviour, of the apostles, and of Abraham, ber, 1864.
for the reading of the House from a newspaper and Isaac, and Jacob. SURVIVING SOLDIERS OF WAR OF 1812. I wrote for, years and years ago. These opinions I was about to say that the Church was over a Mr. FARNSWORTH moved that the rules
are but little changed. I do not, however, intend thousand years in abolishing Roman slavery. be suspended, and the House resolve itself into to discuss the abstract question of slavery at all, And yet here in six months, by constitutional the Committee of the Whole on the state of the
or its political or constiiutional connections with proclamation, or in five or six years by civil Union. the Government of the land.
war, we propose to abolish it in blood and by vibMr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. I hope that
The approval of the system of slavery, Mr. lence through an empire almost as vast as the it will be che understanding that no business shall
Chairman, and the acceptance of it as an insti- empire of Rome. Slavery was not abolished in be done.
tution existing, are very different things. I ac- | England until 1102, by the council of London, The motion was agreed to.
cepe it, if I do not approve. The Constitution of and in Ireland until 1172, by the council of ArThe House accordingly resolved itself into the my country teaches me to be tolerant in all things, magh. As a matter of admonition, if not for hisConimittee of the Whole on the state of the Union,
even in the most important of all matters, that of tory, let me here state that when, in 451, or 456, (Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois, in the chair.)
religion. Intolerance is criminal at all times; but in the council of St. Patrick, held in Ireland, The CHAIRMAN stated the first business in intolerance is repelled under our form of Govern- there was a proposition from some of the clergy order to be the annual message of the President ment in every line and letter of the Constitution to induce slaves to run away, the thirty-second relative to the condition of the country.
under which we live; and if the Constitution did canon of that council was expressly issued, orMr. SPALDING. I move that all preceding | Saviour was on earth He lived under a Govern
not teach me that, the Bible does. Sir, when the daining that to steal slaves by inducing them to orders be laid aside, and that the committee take
run away was to expose the clergy to be conup House bill No. 266, granting pensions to the
ment where there were sixty million slaves; and sidered as thieves and robbers. The Church, surviving soldiers of the war of 1812, which was
when, from the Mount of Olives, He ascended into then, while sapping the foundation of slavery, introduced by me at the last session.
heaven, His eyes looked down upon Jerusalem expressly forbade all violence, all wrong. The CHAIRMAN. That can only be done by and Judea, full of thousands and tens of thou- But homogeneity,we are told, must exist through disposing of the preceding bills one at a time.
sands of slaves. And when the Apostle Paul the hitherto thirty-four States of this Union. The Mr. COX. is it in order to move to take up
stood upon Mars' hill, after wandering among the Union cannot exist unless we are a homogeneous the question of laxing whisky on hand? (Laugh- | magnificent temples of the Acropolis, some of people. No matter whether slavery be right or ler.]
them dedicated to the unknown God, he preached wrong, Christian or unchristian, it must be abolThe CIIAIRMAN. Not at this time; it is too
to the Athenians, surrounded by their masses of ished, we are told, this day and this hour, in order early in the day,
slaves, no intolerance, no persecution, no civil war to make us a homogeneous, a united, a one and Mr. SPALDING moved that the annual mes
for the abolition of slavery; but if not there, else- indivisible people. Sir, homogeneity can never sage of the President be laid aside.
where, Servants, obey your masters. The teach- | exist in a great nation, among a great people. The motion was disagreed to.
ings of our Saviour were also to render unto Cæsar | Look at the great nations now covering large exPRESIDENT'S MESSAGE.
the things that are Cæsar's, and to God the things tents of the globe. There is the Russian empire
that are God's, with submission to civil govern- \ —what an empire! what different institutions, Mr. BROOKS. Mr. Chairman, I intimated my ment and the Christian obedience even of slaves to what various tribes! How unlike-unlike in mandesign, when the President's annual message was their masters. The whole spirit of the evangelists
unlike in character, frequently unlike in orireceived, to make some remarks on it; but I have is full of like toleration to an institution which, in gin. And there is the greai empire of Austria, lost some of the interest which might have been the end, the lessons of Christianity were to sub- which, stretching from Italy to Hungary,contains inspired at that moment. And yet if I do not vert, but lhe overthrow of which, by violence and races of all varieties of character. Twelve differtake advantage of this opportunity now, when force, is there everywhere condemned.
ent languages are spoken in that empire, and its there is nothing to do, the topics of the message If, then, the Saviour of the world and His institutions are as diverse as can well be imagined; may pass beyond my reach, so that little time aposiles were thus tolerant upon the subject of its people are unlike, various, and different-more may be left for me to say anything if the message slavery, why cannot there be equal toleration different than any people that exist in this counshould ever come up again. Tavail myself, then, among His professed people in their admin- | try. And there is Switzerland, too, the only reof this early period of the session not to waste istration of the Government in this country? | public existing in Europe, except that little one tine, and when it is the good fortune of the House Toleration, indeed, is the essential principle of perched on the Apennines—an old republic of and of the country not to have anything to do. ur institutions. Toleration pervades every part i wenty-five cantons, in which are spoken three
There are, sir, iwo cardinal topics in the mes- of our social organizations. We are tolerant of different languages-the Italian, the German, and sage of the President to which I wish particularly The Jew, who does not believe in the Saviour. We the French-the debates, at times, in their general to solicit attention; and these are, first, that the are tolerant of those Christians who do not re- congress going on in all these three tongues. The war must go on without further negotiation; and, spect our Sabbath. We are tolerant of a great habits, the customs, the costumes, too, of the second, that the war must go on until the abolition and rising State in the center of this continent, Swiss are more or less diverse. The canton of of slavery is made perpetual throughout all por: which has now one hundred and twenty-five Zug varies more from the canton of Neufchatel tions of the old United States.
thousand inhabitants, and a city of twenty thou- than Massachusetts and South Carolina. The reliMr. GRINNELL. I make the point of order sand people. We are tolerant there upon the gion is Catholic and Protestant, and Protestant of that it is not in order to discuss the President's subject of polygamy, expressly forbidden in the various creeds and characters, and yet in that remessage of this year upon the Calendar of the New Testament, if tolerated in the Old; tolerant, public no effort whatsoever has ever been made by last session.
though expressly forbidden by the Saviour and ihat republican people to have homogeneous instiThe CHAIRMAN. The Chair overrules the His apostles; and these people from this great tutions or one people alike in all respects as to point of order.
Territory are admitted to a scat upon the floor of their character. Then there is Great Britain, that Mr. BROOKS. I intend to discuss the Presi. this House, and take part in our deliberations vast empire which stretches from the arctic redent's message of this year, and the topics therein and debates, while we are in a frightful civil war gions of the north to the Ganges and the Himalaya set forth. Permit me, first, to call the attention of now seemingly only lo abolish negro slavery. mountains, and which embraces even in India the House to the numerous amendments which And now are we to be told at this day and hour over a hundred million people; what empire is are proposed to the Constitution. One of them that we cannot be tolerant upon this subject of more tolerant than that in its diverse and varied is to change the principle of representation, pro- slavery, when not only the Saviour and apos- institutions? There is Catholic Canada, with posed by the gentleman from Wisconsin, (Mr. tles tolerated it, but when the patriarchs Abra- French institutions yet existing there, and with Sloan;] another is to change the great principle || ham, Isaac, and Jacob were holders of bondmen no right of trial by jury among many portions of of the Constitution as to export duties, proposed and bondwomen? Let me not be misunderstood; the people of Canada. In India there are diverse by the honorable member from Maryland, (Mr. | I do not mean to be understood as saying that the and innumerable religions and peoples; the HinDavis,) and another comes down to us from the spirit of the Bible upholds slavery, and I do not doos, the Brahmins, the Sepoys. I should but Senate, with the sanction of the President of the mean to say there are not teachings in the ser- consume time were I even to enumerate them. United States, and that is, to alter the Constitu- mons of our Saviour and the apostles which in No nation has been more tolerant of religion, of tion on the subject of slavery. No time seems the end would abolish slavery through the whole prejudices, of politics and passion than the Brits to me more inauspicious than in the midst of civil | earth; but I do mean to say that not only the ish people have been. This vast empire of Britain war, with the clangor of arms all around us, with Saviour and the apostles, but that the fathers of has only been maintained by the tolerant spirit comparatively but a small territorial part of our the Church were tolerant with slavery, and that of the British Parliament and the British Governwhole country assembled by their Representa- || for more than a thousand years the fathers of the ment extending throughout the whole earth, in tives upon the floor of this House; no lime, sir, Church exercised a religious and political influ- all the varied domains of that vast empire. No
more inauspicious to make great ence through the emperors of Rome in uphold- effort has ever been made in England by any edict
seems to me