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taxes, and taxes are raised for the purpose of sup- || they are. I believe, as I have heretofore said on wrong of anybody. It is possible that it might porting your Army and Navy.

this floor and elsewhere, that our Chief Magis- be; and I would be willing to confine it entirely Mr. HOWARD. Allow me to interrupt the Irate, the President of the United States, is an to those professional substitute brokers or recruitSenator.

honest and patriotic man. But, sir, I will read ing agents, men who are engaged in the business; Mr. HALE. I give way.

an extract from a letter writien by a high officer and therefore I would consent readily to strike Mr. HOWARD. I beg to sny that this com- of this Government to another officer in contem- out the words " or other person," and confine it ment of the honorable Senator from New Hamp- plation of a naval court-martial that was about to a class of men that have come to be mere shire upon what I said is unfair and gratuitous, io be set on foot. It is as follows:

professional men. I understand that these subfor if he had listened to what I did say he could “ I have been summoned before the select committee of stitute brokers in the city of New York have a ncu have drawn any such conclusion as he seems

the Senate for investigating frands in naval supplies, and brokers' board and have regular meetings, where to have drawn. I did not intimate that any cit

if the wool don't fly it will not be my fault. Norton, the
Navy agent, has complained that I have interfered with his

they consult together and decide upon this mat. izen who was so remotely connected with military business. ble and his frieud are dead cocks in the pit. We

ter, in humble imitation of the brokers' board in affairs as to be a mere tax-payer could therefore have got a sure thing on then in the lin business. They Wall street; and I suppose they regulate the price be subjected to trial by couri-martial. It is a mere that dance must pay the fiddler.”

of men very much as the brokers of Wall street chimera of the Senator's own brain.

That, sir, is from a high officer of your Gov- || regulate the price of gold and stocks. Mr. HALE. My statement was not that the ernment, wriiten in reference to a prosecution that This provision has been sanctioned by somo Senator did say so, but I said it would be a fair || he was about getting up. I will not say that any officers who have had large experience in raising inference from the premises that he laid down. injustice was done by that court-martial; but 1 men, men who have seen these outrages, and I Whuc is this furnishing a substitute? Nothing I will say this, that I do think it is barely possible have brought it forward simply to protect tho but a substitute for a duty in the nature of a lax; that a public protection might have been insti- mass of our people, the unwary, who are misled, and if you may subject tlie man offered as a subo tuted with purer motives than those which are against a class of professional men who are stimsticule to a military tribunal, so you may the tax. manifested by the extract that I have read to you. ulated to commit these outrages by these enorpayer, by the same reasoning.

But it is not necessary to quote instances. The mous bounties that have been offered for men in The honorable Senator has said some things question is, is there anything that makes it ne- the service. I should be willing to strike out the that it pained me to hear. He says that trial by cessary to go so much further than you have words " or other person" and confine it to these jury is one of the most uncertain modes of com- gone, and to subject the whole people to this tri- professional men. They are the men I want to ing at the truth in criminal cases, and that the bunal and to its penalties? Mr. President, the rench. As to taking them before the common public mind is fast coming to the conviction that wisdom of our fathers and the wisdom of the world tribunals of the country and convicting them, I there may be some other modes of ascertaining has been laxed in all pust ages to build up a code have no idea that that would amount to anything. the truth. Mr. President, I have heard that doc- of laws for the protection of rights and the pun- I want something or other that will reach the case trine before; I have argued against it, talked ishment of wrongs, denominated the common and do justice, practical, substantial justice, to against it, written against it, in season and out law. In my humble judgment, human wisdom these men and to our people. I therefore will be of season. And, Mr. President, let me tell my has not yet gone beyond it; and I shall be slow willing to assent to this modification. honorable friend that it is a sentiment that I did and lolli to surrender any of these privileges Mr. CONNESS. I desire to inquire what is hope never to hear ultered by any man for whom which are not absolutely necessary to the better || the motion now pending. I lave so much respect as I have for him. I welfare, to the maintenance, of the public service, The VICE PRESIDENT. To strike out the know the trial by jury is odious, odious to the to its integrity, and the vindication of its author- words "or other persons” in the second line of oppressor and the friends ofoppression the world ily against any aggressor. But I do not look upon the third section of the amendment reported by over. It is the great safeguard of liberty; sprung this case as one of that sort. I look upon ihis the committee. up gradually, perfected ihrough all the bloody case as a dangerous precedent, going beyond Mr. CONNESS. It is not subject to further history through which English liberty made her everything thai has been aitempted heretofore, amendment now, I understand? way, until it culminated on this continent in the and as such I oppose it.

The VICE PRESIDENT. Not at present. enunciations of the American Constitution, fought Mr. WILSON. I am very anxious to have Mr. CONNESS. · If the words " or other perat every step. I know, sir, that whenever des- the vote on this bill to-day. I know the Senator son" should be stricken out you would have to potism would strike a blow at the liberties of the from Ohio (Mr. SHERMAN) is after us with his prove, before you could get a conviction, that the world the trial by jury has been one of the great

I am very anxious, therefore, for ac- party offending was an agent or substitute broker; obstacles that liave stood in the path against tion now, and I shall be very brief in what I have you would have to fix a technical designation and which despotism bas thrown itself. It was be

employment to him; and I question very much cause Charles I and his minions did not like trial This measure is not asked for by the Adminis. whether that could be done in one case out of by jury that they instituted the special court tration. The provision of this section is demanded every fifty who would offend, as described by the which ihey did, and which resulted not in over- by humanity and justice to right the wrongs of || chairman, and as is known to every person in throwing this great bulwark of constitutional lib- hundreds and thousands of our countrymen. the country who has paid attention to this class erty, bui in bringing the author of those innova- You cannot comprehend the height and depth of of offenses. I was going to offer an amendment, Lions and those oppressions to the block. That the iniquities that are perpetrated in this country but as it is not now in order I will simply content was the result there; and the infamous Jeffreys | to-day upon the people by persons engaged in

myself by calling attention to the change I prefer, having the same opinions, and carrying them into | putting men into our armies. The American and which I think will obviate the objections practice in his cruel and bloody history, at length slave trade, I think, pales before the crimes that made by the Senator from New Hampshire, and well-nigh met, at the hands of an infuriate mob, are committed in this country upon hundreds and others. It is to insert after the word " who," in the just judgment of his infamous crime.

thousands of our people; and there are to-day || line two, the words " for pay or profit,” so that Mr. President, if trial by jury is overthrown hundreds and thousands of men in our armies the section thus amended would read: in this country, take the rest. I would not lift upon whom the grossest outrages have been per- That any recruiting agent, substitute broker, or other my hand, nor open my mouth, nor counsel one petrated in putting them there.

person, who for pay or profit shall enlist or cause to be of my constituents to shed a drop of blood or pay The heavy bounties offered by the Government enlisted,” &c. a dollar of treasure if the Constitution is to be for substituies or enlisted men have stimulated Thus, if I furnished a substitute, I should be preserved emasculated of this great safeguard of the cupidity of a great many persons who are simply doing what the law gave me a right to do, liberty. In these times, when so much is de- simply seeking for money and have no sense of not for pay or profit, but to furnish a soldier, and manded and so much is at sluke, with a generous right or justice. A large number of men, governed you would not be required in every case to estab. confidence I would give to the Administration entirely by the hope of getting money, have en- lish by proof the character of a technical--what almost everything that they want. I would con- tered into this brokerage business. Men are se- shall I say?-scoundrel, upon me before I could bent, and I have consented, that the habeas corpus duced from insane hospitals and put into the be convicted. If the other amendment should be may be suspended, and these extraordinary iri: | Army. Men are taken out of your jails charged | withdrawn I will offer this. If not, I will offer it bunals may be crecied and instituted for the trial with crime, and in fact charged with crime and afterward. of everybody that voluntarily comes forward and put into jails in order to be iaken out and put in

Mr. HALE. I am content to withdraw my connecis bimself with the public service. But, ihe Army. Men are enlisted, and then induced amendment, and take the one proposed by the sir, if you are going to throw a drag-net over the to run away, and then enlisted again, and over Senator from California. Innd, if you are going to bring in this whole peo- and over again, for the benefit of persons en

The VICE PRESIDENT. The Senator from ple and subject them to the penalties that may be gaged in filling up quotas, but not in filling our New Hampshire withdraws his amendment, and inflicted by military tribunals and these courts- armies. Men are drugged, are intoxicated, and the question is on the amendment proposed by martial, then the last step in the humiliation and men in a condition unfit to decide any thing are the Senator from California, to the amendment of the degradation of the country is taken, and we put into our Army. More than all that, the the committee. shall be left fil instruments for any despotism that bounties promised them are taken from them. Mr. HOWARD. I rise merely to inquire of the bold and the lawless may see proper to estab. Many a nan has enlisted, and for whom has been my friend from California whether he thinks Jish over us.

paid a bounty of several hundred dollars, some his amendment as now worded would cover that Mr. President, where is the necessity for this as high as eight hundred or a thousand dollars, very sorrowful case presented to us by the eloprovision at this time. The honorable Senator and he has received but one hundred and fifty or quent Senator from New Hampshire-he case of from Michigan says that he does not know of a two hundred dollars of it.

a person who himself having been drafted should Bolitary case of abuse of this sort

The object of this measure was simply to cor- present to the proper recruiting officer a person Mr. HOWARD. Where great injustice has rect these outrages of agents and substitúte brok- who afterward should turn out to be drunk at been done.

ers. I do not wish to strike the mass of people. | the time of enlistment, or insane? Would it cover Mr. HALE. I will not say that I do know They have committed no offense. I do not wish the case of a man who has been himself drafted? anything of that sort, because I do not want to to reach the cases of men who put substitutes in Let me read it: make any issue with anybody on this subject. 1 || the Army for themselves properly. I do not be- “ That any recruiting agent, substitute broker, or other do not know but that all our public men are as lieve that this act, if it should pass in the form in person, who for pay or profit shall," &c. pure as any public men in the world. I believe which we propose it, would ever be used to the Does the person who has himgelf been drafted


to say


procure a substitute for his own pay or his own | to them that he must make a special agreement But if it is punishment that is asked, I am will. profil? Would it include that class of individ- before he can be punished under them. I ask in ing that this section be amended in this wise. I uals?

all earnesiness, does any man in his sober senses think it is a little awkward in the first two or Mr. CONNESS. I apprehend not.

believe that a recruiting agent is in the land or three lines. The word "enlist," in the second Mr. HOWARD. I think it would not. I naval service of the United States? Does he re- line, should be made" offer;' and the word "enthink, therefore, that the very sorrowful case pre- ceive pay from the United States? Does he bear || listed,” in the third line, should be stricken out, sented by my honorable friend from New Hamp- its cominission? What connection has be with and "offered for enlistment” inserted, because I Bhire is not covered by this amendment.

it any more than any other man has who under- || suppose it is not intended to say that these bodies Mr. CONNESS. I apprehend the argument takes to solicit recruits for the Army? I should can enlist men. A recruiting agent cannot enlist of my friend from Michigan is entirely facetious be ashamed, after the description of substitute a man, as I understand it, nor can a substitute in its character; not real.

brokers which I heard from the Senator from enlist him. He can offer him to an officer who Mr. COWAŃ. Mr. President, I listened with Massachusetts, to suppose that there was a being may enlist him and muster bim into the service. a great deal of interest to the argument of the in the land, or naval, or even the civil service of Then, after having made these alterations, I wilt honorable Senator from Massachusetts, and I the United States of America, so terribly desti- at the proper time move to amend by striking out agree with him as to the enormity of the offense tute of everything which constitutes true man- the words "court-martial or military commisto be corrected. I am satisfied that he does not hood as a substitute broker. Certainly there can sion," and inserting "court of the United States hold it in more detestation than I do. But that be no such individual as that in the service of this having competent jurisdiction." Then the offendis altogether beside the argument. The argument Government in any of its departments; and if er, instead of being tried before a military commisis not as to the enormity of the offense; the argu- there is, I think the officer who has charge of himsion will be brought before a court of the United ment is not as to the special penalty to be inflicted should put him out iminediately.

States; and as these courts have now very little to on ils commission; but the argument is as to the The ground I take is, and I assert it broadly, I do, I should think you could have all your offend. proper mode of determining the offense and the that no man not in the land or naval service of the ers tried there, and have a much beiter security proper court having jurisdiction of it.

United States can be tried by any military com- and the people be much better satisfied a hundred Now I wish to say a word to the honorable mission legally; and I assert further, that any times over than to drag them away before military Senator from Michigan; and I wish to say it not military commission that undertakes to try a cit- commissions, in whom it is not ihe spirit of our only to him but to some others who are in the izen not in the land or naval service is responsi- | people to believe. habit of doing it. There are certain genilemen on ble; and if they cause his death, whether by their T'do not know that I understand exactly now this floor whose retort and argument, whenever sentence, or by their imprisonment, or anything what the amendment is that is pending: Is it the they are opposed in anything, is that the other side of that kind, they are guilty of murder, and if the amendment of the Senator from New Hampshire, is opposing the Administration, or that the other laws of the country are properly administereu, or is it the substitute of the Senator from CaliBide has not the interest of the country at heart, and and administered in the spirit of the men who made fornia ? a hundred things of that kind. Mr. President, it | them, the men who ordered the court-martial and Mr. CLARK. The substitute of the Senator is true, that to answer such an argument is to the men who sat upon it would be convicted; and from California, give it a consideration to which it is not entitled. || why? For the besi reasons in the world; for the Mr. COWAN. Very well. I do not know that There is no way of creating it, perhaps, so well as protection of human liberty and its safeguard un- that will alter the case in the least, because I have that of giving it that silent contempt which it mer- der the Constitution under which we live. heard men engaged in filling up the ranks of the j18. Do Senators think when ihey make this I hope Senators will pause before they adopt | Army say that those who procured substitutes for argument that they frighten anybody? Do they this section. I am perfecily willing that any pen- pay were the very men who filled up the ranks and think that they conrince anybody? And what is ally they may see fil to inflict upon the substitute procured the mon, and it was the policy of the law most extraordinary is, that it so happens that it broker shall be inflicted. I am willing to make io pay so much to men who would bring substiis very frequently made by those who themselves il death, if you please. If a broker will take an tutes, in order to get the men. I supposo it is are almost continually throwing obstacles in the insane man out of a hospital and attempt to put possible that a man might be honest in ihis busiway of the Administration and quarreling with it him into the Army as a soldier, I am willing, if I know a great many honest men in my day after day, and assailing it in its very vital you please, to make the offense death. If he will country who have given their time and labor and measures and principles. I think the honorable | drug a minor, or a weak man, and induce him to all that kind of thing for the purpose of obtaining Senator from Michigan is not entirely free from enter into the Army by that means, make that substitutes and filling up their quotas. that charge. My record is here. I have never death, if you please. But what I do object lo, Mr. CONNESS. If the Senator will permit thrown a single obstacle in the way of the Ad- and what I shall always resist, is, that that of- me, such a man would not be amenable unless he ministration. I have never drawn a single reso- fense shall be tried anywhere except in the proper knowingly presented such a person as is described lution of inquiry in regard to it except one. 1 constitutional courts.

in this section, have never assailed any of its political projects. Senators say you cannot convict in the proper Mr. COWAN. The trouble is always here in I have resisted these aitempts io innovate upon constitutional courts. Sir, do they refiect when considering this question: you presume the indithe common luw of the country. I have resisted they say that, what a slur they cast upon the vidual guilty. If that was the presumption, your these attempts lo overturn the Constitution of the country? Do they reflect that if that be true we law would be free from all these objectione; but country by the enactment of statutes which it does have never been so disgraced before? If it be that the mischief that I allege is that the man, before not warrant; but in doing so, I am not opposing in the courts of the United States a man charged he is known to be guilty, is subjected to this im. the Administration, because I do not understand with a high offense can never in any case be con- proper mode of trial. We must proceed in fabrithe Administration to seek this power. I have victed where his guilt is clearly proved, then, Mr. cating laws for the trial of offenses upon the prenever seen any recommendation from the Presi- President, as I remarked in the former part of sumption that all men are innocent until they have dent, or from any of his Cabinet officers, desiring | this debate, this Government is destroyed; then | been shown to be guilty, and shown to be guilty that such extraordinary power should be put in the very end, object, and aim for which it was cre- upon a hypothesis which excludes every other their hands as this bill would confer upon them. ated has been foregone, has passed away; because i hypothesis. That is the law; and that is the only

But if there is anything, which can astonish a all the machinery of the Government, from the security that the people have in the administration man more than another,

it is to hear a lawyer top to the bottom of it, was that there should be of criminal justice. There is another great prinupon this floor assert that these cases are within a fair trial in the courts instituted by the laws of || ciple which I may state here, and which is not the exceptions to article five of the amendments to the country. If it has come to thal, that in these | generally considered, and that is, that by our luw the Constitution; or, in other words, the Senator courts men guilty of crimes of this magnitude it is not the intent of that law that all guilty pcofrom Michigan argues here with all the gravity cannot be convicied, I would like to know where ple should be punished; but it is its intent that all imaginable, and it would be a capital joke if it is the security for any one of us. Certainly that innocent people should be protected. I agree that was not in earnest, that these cases of the re- security is not to be found in milltary commis- no healthy, judicial machinery will punish all cruiting agent, the substitute broker, and any sions; men unlearned in the laws, men who are guilty people; but I do contend that under the comother person who offers a substitute for enlisi- selected without any of those precautions which mon law no innocent man can possibly be conment, are cases in the land and naval service of surround the selection of juries, and which are victed; and that is the object of the law. the country, and therefore they are not entitled thrown around the choice of judges everywhere. Mr. HOWARD. I did not accuse the honto the protection which is afforded to all other There is no liberty to be found there. I will re- orable Senator from Pennsylvania with opposing people by that cause of the Constitution. I could | mark, in addition io what was said by the Senator the Administration. I am not so weak as to make not conceive it possible that there was a man in from New Hampshire, and I trust that with us that matter of fault-finding or accusation. But the country who did not know what was meant and with our race it will always be true, that when- what I said, or intended to say, was this: that I by " cases in the land or naval service of the coun- ever an assault is made upon the trial by jury it was a little surprised that a gentleman of so much

We have what we call Articles of War may be treated as it was in England. There legal distinction as himself should willingly lend for the governance of those cases. To whom when the quarrel commenced the head of the king himself to the business of censuring the admin.do they apply?

was throwii down by the people as the gage that istration of criminal justice by the military au“That from and after the passage of this act”they accepted it.

thorities of the United States during this present That is, the act of April 10, 1806.

Mr. President, I shall not attempt to deal in dreadful war. It scemed to me, and it seems so " the following shall be the rules and articles by which any argument upon this subject. It is like at- still, that the exercise of a little charity on the the Army of the United States shall be governed". tempting to make it plainer ihan it is to every part of himself and other Senators would not be

Those rules and articles of war cover all cases ordinary coinprehension that two and two make unbecoming, at least during the existence of the which arise within the land or naval service; but four. Here is the very cuse which was to be pro

When the war is over we can setile these no civilian can be taken from his home and sub- vided for, and here is live plain letter of the para- old scores in a friendly way, and talk them over jected to the jurisdiction of tribunals created un- mount law, the will of the American people; and as lawyers do in their consultations or in their der the Articles of War. The soldier cannot be who dare gainsay it? Not the will of a party, but closets. subjected to them until he first agrees to submit the will of the whole people; the Constitution it- The honorable Senator expresses his amaze. to them by entering into the service of the United self; not the will of the majority, because the ment at the construction which I gave to the first States; and it is required, in order to subject him will of no majority can convene it, or set it aside. part of article five of the amendments to the Con



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stitution; but in doing this the honorable Senator


The motion was not agreed to, there being, on failed to use constitutional language himself.

The motion was agreed to, and after some time

a division-ayes 20, noes 74. There is no such phrase in the instrument as spent in the consideration of executive business,

Mr. COX. This resolution, as I understand, “ military service" or "naval service" as con

is for the benefit of while refugees. I congratuthe doors were reopened, and nected with courts-martial or military commis- The Senate adjourned.

late the other side of the House sions. The language is this:

The SPEAKER. Debate is not in order. The “Nperson shall be held to answer for a capital or oth

previous question has been seconded. erwise infamous crime, &c., except in cases arising in the HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.

The main question was ordered. laud or naval forces".

MONDAY, February 6, 1865.

On agreeing to the resolution, there were, on a Mr. COWAN. “In the service." Mr. HOWARD. No, sir, The House met at twelve o'clock, m. Prayer division-payer 67, noes 13; no quorum voting.

The SPEAKER, under the rule, ordered tellMr. COWAN. Read on. by the Chaplain, Rev. W. H. CHANNING.

ers; and Messrs. GRINNELL and WADSWORTH Mr. HOWARD.

The Journalof Saturday was read and approved.
The SPEAKER proceeded, as the regular order

were appointed. “ Except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in

The House divided, and the tellers reported of business, to call committees for reports to go the militia, when in actual service in time of war or public

ayes 77, noes 16. danger.upon the Calendar and be referred to the Commit

So the resolution was agreed to. That, sir, is the language of the Constitution; tee of the Whole, not to be brought back by a

Mr. HUBBARD, of lowa, moved to reconsider and the question is, whai, in the contemplation motion lo reconsider; when none were made.

the vote by which the resolution was agreed 10; of this clause of the Constitution, is a case aris

The SPEAKER announced the next business

and also moved that the motion lo reconsider be in order to be the call of States and Territories for ing in the naval forces or in the land forces of

laid on the table. the United States? What is the “case?The bills and resolutions, beginning the call in inverted

The latter motion was agreed to. learned Senator, with all his earnestness and all order, with the Territory of Montana.

LAND DISTRICT IN MONTANA. his learning, has failed to indicate to us what is

OVERLAND MAIL. to be understood by the word “ case" in this

Mr. WILDER presented concurrent resolu

Mr. HUBBARD, of lowa, introduced a bill to clause of the Constitution. I shall not enter upon tions of the Legislature of Kansas, asking for pro

constitute the Territory of Montana a surveyor the consideration of that question. If I had time, however, I could show him very conclusively || hostile Indians; which were ordered to be printed, tection of the overland mail to California against general's district; which was read a first and sec

ond time, and referred to the Committee on Public wbat such a case is understood to be by the Su

Lands. and referred to the Committee on Military Affairs. preme Court of the United States, and that it em

DISTRIBUTION OF PUBLIC DOCUMENTS. braces all such cases as those which I described

RAILROAD IN KANSAS. in my previous remarks.

Mr. WILDER presented concurrent resolu

Mr. KELLOGG, of Michigan. I offer the Mr. COWAN. If the honorable Senator will tions of the Legislature of Kansas, asking for a

following resolution, on the adoption of which I

demand the previous question: allow me I will give him

grant of land to aid in the construction of a railMr. HOWARD. On a former occasion when road from Wyandoll to Fort Scoli, in the State

Resolved, that the Committee on Printing, who, by join

resolution, were instructed in divide the books now on deI wished to make an interruption of the gentle. of Kansas; which were ordered to be printed, and posit in the Interior Depurunent, report at once why they man himself in a debate in this body, he refused referred to the Commillee on Public Lands. bave not complied with said resolution and made the disme the privilege. I will not imitate his example.

tribution in accordance with the provisions of said resoluTELEGRAPII LINE IN MINNESOTA.

tion). Proceed, sir. Mr. COWAN. I do not know that I ever re

Mr. DONNELLY introduced a bill to authorize Mr. BALDWIN, of Massachusetts. Mr. fused that privilege to anybody. I think the gen

the construction of a telegraph line over the pub- Speaker, we can make that repori now, if necestleman is mistaken. The first thing that I see

lic domain from St. Cloud to Pembina, Minnesota, sary. The reason that the resolution has not been here in the Articles of War is “mutiny.” That and there to connect with the telegraph line of the complied with is that it has not yet been passed is an offense in the land or naval service. The

Hudson Bay Company to the Pacific ocean at or by the Senate. second is “ striking a superior officer.” The third

near Victoria; which was read a first and second Mr. KELLOGG, of Michigan. In view of the is " making false musters, signing false"

time, and referred to the Committee on Public gentleman's explanation, I withdraw the resoluMr. HOWARD. Tunderstand all that. The Lands.

tion. I now offer the following, on which I dehonorable Senator from Pennsylvania (he will EXEMPTION FROM MILITARY DUTY.

mand the previous question: pardon me) seems to assume that all the offenses

Resolved, That the Committee on Printing be instructed

Mr.PRICE, by unanimous consent, introduced mentioned in the Articles of War, from which he

to report a plan for the distribution of the books which is reading, constituted the cases and the whole of the following preamble and resolution:

have accumulated for years past in the folding rooms of the cases embraced in this article of the Consti

Whereas the genius and policy of our Government is op

the House among the members of the present House of posed to inaking distinctions between religious denomina

Representatives as speedily as possible. tution. In that respect he and I differ toto cælo.

ilons, but guaranties equal protection to all and exclusive I think the clause includes or may include a great

The previous question was seconded, and the privileges to none; and whereas it is alleged that certain variety of other cases besides those embraced in preacliers of the gospel, belonging to some of the cliurches

main question ordered; and under the operation the articles of war. whose religious ienets do not bring them within the scope

thereof the resolution was agreed to. of the act of February, 1864, for enrolling, and calling out Again, sir, in the midst of all the eulogies which the national forces,” bave, since the passage of said act,

AMENDMENT OF HOMESTEAD LAW. have been pronounced by the Senator from Penn- been exempted from military duty after being drafted, with

Mr. BEAMAN offered the following resolution; sylvania and the Senator from New Hampshire out complying with section seventeen of said law: 'Therefore,

which was read, considered, and agreed to: upon the great privilege of trial by jury, and that

Be it resolrod, That the Secretary of War be, and he is Resolved, That the Committee on Public Lands be inwonderful certainty which always arises from the hereby, directed to inform this House whether any privi- structed to inquire into the expediency of so amending the finding of fact by a jury of twelve men, I beg them leges have been granted to the preachers of any denoinin- bomestead law that lands occupied under its provisions not to forget that, after that celebrated gage of

ation of professing Christians which have been denied to battle was thrown before the British people--the others, and it'so, what denomination those persons belonged

may be laxed for town, county, and other purposes. to, and also their names and place of residence, with the COMPENSATION TO LOYAL SLAVE-OWNERS. head of Charles--and after the restoration of the reusous for inaking such distinction. House of Stuart, there occurred what is known Mr. FERNANDO WOOD moved to lay the

Mr. ROLLINS, of Missouri, introduced the as“the bloody assize,"in which scores and scores

following joint resolution; which was read a first preamble and resolation on the table. of men were tried, convicted, sentenced, and

and second time:

The motion to lay on the table was not agreed to. executed for high treason, in England, who were Mr. PRICE demanded the previous question

Whereas the Senate and House of Representatives of the as innocent of the offense as the gentleman or

Congress of the United States having passed, on the 31st 1. Who found them guilty? Was it a miliupon the adoption of the resolution.

day of January, 1865, a joint resolution to submit to the tary commission? Was it a court-martial? No, | main question ordered; and under the operation

The previous question was seconded, and the Legislatures of the several States an amendment to the

Constitution of the United States, which joint resolution sir; in every case it was an English jury that con

is as follows: thereof the resolution was agreed to. victed them, and an English judge that sentenced

« Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatires of

Mr. PRICE demanded the previous question the United States of America in Congress assembled, That them. Was not that an especial glory of the trial by jury that it was used in the

bloody assize,'
upon the adoption of the preamble.

the following article be proposed to the Legislatures of the

geveral States as an amendment to the Constitution of the and it was presided over by that charming special main question ordered; and under the operation

The previous question was seconded, and the

United States, which, when ratitied by three fourths of men of professional and judicial purity-Jef- || thereof the preamble was adopted.

said Legislatures, chall be valid, to all intents and purposes,

As a part of the said Constitution, namely:
Mr. GRIMES. I move that the Senate now
Mr. WILSON moved to reconsider the vote

“ ART. XIII, Sec. 1. Neither slavery nor involuntary

servitude, except as a punishinent for crime wbereof the proceed to the consideration of executive busi- || ed; and also moved that the motion to reconsider by which the resolution and preamble was adopt

party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the

United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction. Mr. BOWELL.

“Sec. 2. Congress shall have power to entorce this article I hope the Senator will with

be laid on the table; which latter motion was draw that motion for a moment. agreed to.

by appropriate legislation."

And whereas by the ratification of this amendment by Mr. GRIMES. What do you want to do?


three fourths of the several states all persons heretofore Mr. POWELL. I want to move to continue

held as slaves under the laws of certain States of the Union

Mr. GRINNELL. I offer the following reso- will be inade free, and in consequence thereof a large numa special order for to-morrow.

lution), on the adoption of which I demand the pre- ber of citizens, (among them many widows and orphans,) Mr. GRIMES. If there is no objection to that vious question.

their former owners, who are, have always been, or may being done, I will withdraw my motion for that

be willing to again become faithful to the Government of

Resolved, That the use of this Hall be, and the same is the United States, and who have not been in the civil or purpose.

hereby, given to the American Union Commission, the military service of the so-called confederate Siates, will be Mr. OWELL. I do not want my special object of which is to provide aid for white refugees, for a subjected to heavy pecuniary losses; and wliereas this being order to lose its place. meeting on Sunday evening, the 12th instant.

a measure necessary to form a more perfect Union, esMr. ANTHONY. This bill will displace it, The previous question was seconded.

tablish justice” to all men, “ insure domestic tranquillity, as it is the unfinished business.

Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. I move that

"promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of

liberty to ourselves" and future generations, in the attaintMr, GRIMES. I insist on my motion, this resolution be laid on the table.

ment of which great objects the people of all the States bia be instructed to fuquire wliether there is any regulation English, Grider, Griswold, Hotchkiss, Kalbfleisch, Kas: So the previous question was not seconded. in this District whicli forbids colored persons to leave the sou, Kernan, King, Knapp, Littlejohn, Mallory, Marey,


have a common interest and for their establishinent should Mr. BALDWIN, of Massachusetts. I desire city of Washington without a pass; and if so, that they asmake mutual sacrifices: to debate the resolution.

certain and report to this House at as early a day is praeBe it therefore resolved hy the Senate and House of Rep.

The SPEAKER. The resolution, then, goes

ticable by what anthority such a regulation is made and résentatives of the United Siates of America in Congress as

enforced, and what legislation is necessary to secure equal seinbled, That all persons faithful to the Constitution and over under the rules.

justice to all loyal persons, without regard to color, at the obedient to the laws of the United States, residents of any

national capital.

LAND-GRANT RAILROADS. State that shall ratify the amendment to the Constitution of the United States proposed to the Legislatures of the Mr. HOLMAN introduced a joint resolution

The previous question was seconded, and the several States by the Congress of the United States on the 31 st day of January, 1865, who have not been in the civil in relation to certain railroads, and demanded the

main question ordered to be put; and under the

operation thereof the resolution was agreed to. or military service of the so called confederate States, and previous question.

Mr.GARFIELD moved that the vote by which who have been deprived of the services of these slaves, The resolution was read a first and second time, heretofore recognized by law as property by said amend

the resolution was passed be reconsidered; and

The joint resolution, which was read, provides jent, or by any act or ordinance of emancipation of any

also moved that the motion to reconsider be laid State of the United States, shall receive therefor a just and that whereas large portions of the public lands

on the table. reasonable compensation; said compensation to be pro- have heretofore been granted to several of the The latter motion was agreed to. vided for by the United States Goverument without unrea- States for the construction of railroads, on condisonable delay: tion that the lands so granted should be subject to

MAJOR GENERAL W. S. ROSECRANS, Mr. ROLLINS, of Missouri, demanded the the disposal of the Legislatures of said Stales for Mr. GARFIELD, by unanimous consent, inprevious question. the purpose aforesaid and no other, and that such

troduced the following resolution; which was read, Mr. WILSON. I move that the resolution be railroads should be and remain public highways considered, and agreed to: laid on the table.

for the use of the Government of the United States, Resolred, Tbat the cominittee on the conduct of the war Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. If the pre- free from toll or other charge for the transpor- be directed to make a lull investigation, and report upon vious question be not seconded will not the reso- tation of any troops or property of the United

the military campaigns of Major General W. S. Rosecrans, lution go over if discussion arise? States, which lands have been applied and are

from the beginning of his services in Western Virginia to

the conclusion of his recent campaign in Missouri. The SPEAKER. Bills and joint resolutions now being applied to the purpose aforesaid; and offered on resolution day go over, like a simple || whereas payments have heretofore been made for

Mr.GARFIELD moved that the vote by which resolution, if discussion arise. transportation of troops and property of the Uni

the resolution was adopted be reconsidered; and Mr. WILSON. Then I withdraw my motion ted States to companies whose roads have been

also moved that the motion to reconsider be laid to lay on the table for the present.

on thie table. constructed in whole or in part by the public The previous question was not seconded.

The latter motion was agreed to. lands so granted as aforesaid: therefore no payMr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. I propose ment shall hereafter be made to any railroad com

NEGOTIATIONS FOR PEACE. to debate the resolution.

pany which shall have obtained the benefit of any Mr. COX introduced the following resolution: The SPEAKER. Then the resolution goes grant of the public lands on the condition that

Resolved, That the President of the United States, in enover under the rules.

The railroad of such company should be and re- deavoring in ascertain the disposition of the insurgents in ALLOWANCES TO MAIL CONTRACTORS. main a public high way for the use of the Govern- arms against the authority of the Federal Government, with Mr. DUMONT submitted the following resoment of the United States, free from toll or other

a view to negotiations for peace and the restoration of the lution, on which he demanded the previous quescharge upon the transportation of any property

Union, is entitled to the gratitude of a suffering and dis

tracted country; and that with a similar view he be retion:

or troops of the United States, for the transporta- spectfully requested to omit no reasonable exertions here. Resolred, That the Committee on the Post Office and

tion of any such properly or iroops. And ii shall after which may lead to the desired object, to wit, peace Post Roads be instructed to inquire whether the Postmas. be the duty of the Secrciary of War to cause to

and union.

Resolved, That, if not incompatible with the above object ter General has the power under the law now in force to be refunded, by proper proceedings, to the Treas

and the public interests, he be requested to communicate to make additional allowances of coinpensation to contract- ury of the United States any money which has this House all information leading to and connected with ors for carrying mails where the compensation agreed upon heretofore been paid by any Department of the

the recept negotiations. is clearly inadequate; if not, whether he bas any power

Government for such transportation; provided, to release them from such contract; and if he has neither

Mr. BALDWIN, of Massachusetts. Does not of said powers, that said comin ittee inquire into the expe- however, that nothing herein shall be so construed the second resolution call for executive informadiency of clothing him by law with such powers, to be ex- as to prevent the Secretary of War from taking || tion? ercised in cases of great hardship when justice and equity | possession of any such road and its appurtenances,

The SPEAKER. The second resolution does; demand it; and that it report by bill or otherwise. The House divided; and there were-ayes 18,

and apply the same to the use of the United States and consequently it cannot be considered to-day

whenever in his judgment the interests of the if objected to. noes 22; no quorum voting. The SPEAKER ordered tellers, and appointed

Government may require it; and provided further, Mr. COX. Then I withdraw the second resMessrs. Dumont and LAZEAR.

that nothing herein shall be so construed as to olution, and demand the previous question upon The House again divided; and the tellers re

impair the provisions of the joint resolution re- the first resolution, ported—ayes 52, noes 40.

lating to certain railroads in the State of Mis- Mr. SCHENCK. Can the first resolution be souri, approved March 6, 1862.

separated from the second? So the previous question was seconded.

Mr. GANSON. Does this embrace the canal The SPEAKER. They can be separated. The main question was then ordered. grants passed recently?

Mr. ROSS. I The question now being upon the adoption of

to lay the resolution on

move the resolution, the House divided, and there were

Mr. HOLMAN, T'he joint resolution explains the table. itself.

Mr. COX. Upon that I demand the yeas and -ayes 46, noes 47. So the resolution was disagreed to.

The question being upon seconding the previous nays.

question, the House divided, and there were- Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. Then my colCONSTITUTIONAL POWERS. ayes 62, noes 30.

Jeague from Minois (Mr. Ross) is opposed to the Mr. EDGERTON submitted the following res

So the previous question was seconded. resolution, is he? olution, and demanded the previous question on

The main question was then ordered.

Mr.BALDWIN, of Massachusetts. Are there its adoption:

The joint resolution was read a first and second any facts before the House to show that the alleWhereas the Daily Morning Chronicle, of this city, the

time, ordered to be engrossed and read a third || gations contained in the resolution are true? reputed political organ of the President, in recent editorials time, and being engrossed, it was accordingly read The SPEAKER. Debate is not in order. upon the subject of negotiations for peace, has referred to the third time.

The yeas and nays were ordered. the President of the United States as having gone “in his Mr. HOLMAN demanded the previous ques- The question was taken; and it was decided in sovereign capacity to treat with the commissioners from Richmond, and bas further described the President as "the

tion on the passage of the joint resolution. the negative-yeas 30, nays 107, not voting 45; sovereign head of the greatest Governinent on carib ;” and The previous question was seconded, and the as follows: whereas the supreine court of the District of Columbia main question ordered.

YEAS-Messrs. Allison, Angustus C. Baldwin, Beaman, has, by a late solemn adjudication, affirmed principles as Mr.J.C. ALLEN demanded the yeas and nays

Brandegee, Freeman Clarke, Henry Winter Davis, Dawes, the law of the land which recognized arbitrary dictatorial

Drigus, Edgerton, Higby, John H. Hubbard, Jenckes, Wilpowers in the President, not only as to military but as to on the passage of the joint resolution, and tellers

liam Johnson, Julian, Francis W. Kellogg, Knox, Loan, civil offenders, which are subversive of civil liberty and of on the yeas and nays.

Long, Longyear, Marvin, McClurg, Morrill, Rogers, Sloan, the public welfare: Therefore,

Tellers were refused, and the yeas and nays Smilliers, Sicvens, Thonias, Upson, Wadsworili, and Wine Resolved, (as the judginent of this House,) That the Pres

dom-30. ident of the United States is in no constitutional sense the were refused.

NAYS--Messrs. James C. Allen, William J. Allen, Alsovereign thereof, but that all his governmental powers are

The joint resolution was then passed.

ley, Ames, Ancona, Arnold, Ashley, John D. Baldwin, derived from the Constitution and constitutional laws of Mr. HOLMAN moved to reconsider the vote Daxter, Blair, Blow, Boulwell, Boyd, Broomall, James S. the United States, and are limited by them; and this House by which the joint resolution was passed; and also Brown, William G. Browni, Chanier, Ambrose W. Clark, sincerely deprecate all political teachings and judicial demoved that the motion to reconsider be laid on

Clay, Cobb, Cottroth, Cox, Cravens, Thomas 1. Davis, cisions having a tendency to exalt the President above the Constitution and laws, or to clothe hift with attributes unthe table.

Dawson, Deming, Dumont, Eckley, Eldridge, Eliot, Farns

worth, Finck, Frank, Ganso11, Garfield, Gooch, Grinnell, known to them, or to derogate from the powers of Congress; The latter motion was agreed to.

Hale, Hall, Harding, Harrington, Benjamin G. Harris, and they affirm that the principle that the people are sov

Charles M. Harris, Herrick, Holman, Hooper, Asanci w. ereign, and that all departments of the Government are


Hubbard, Hulburd, Hutchius, Ingersoll, Philip Johnson, their agents or servants, and should be kept in strict subordination to the Constitution and laws, is essential to the

Mr. RANDALL, of Kentucky, introduced a

Kelley, Orlando Kellogg, Law, Lazear, Le Blond, McBride,

Melndoe, McKinney, Middletoni, Samuel F. Miller, Danici permanence of republican government and to civil liberty.

bill for the benefit of John W. Campbell, late Morris, Morrison, Amos Myers, Noble, Norton, Odell, Mr. BALDWIN, of Massachusetts, moved

lieutenant and quartermaster of the seventh Ken- Charles O'Neill, John O'Neill, Orth, Patterson, Pendleton, that the resolution be laid on the table.

tucky cavalry; which was read a first and second Perham, Perry, Pike, Pomeroy, Price, Pruyn, William I. Mr. EDGERTON demanded the yeas and time, and referred to the Committee of Claims.

Randall, Alexander H. Rice, John H. Rice, Edward II. Rol

lins, James S. Rollins, Ross, Schenck, Scotield, Scoti, nays.


Shannon, Spalding, Jolu B. Steele, Stiles, Strouse, Sweat, Mr. BALDWIN, of Massachusetts, withdrew

Townsend,' Tracy, Van Valkenburgh, Ward, Elilu B. Mr. GARFIELD introduced the following res

Washburne, William B. Washburn, Willians, Wilder, his motion to lay on the table.

Wilson, Winfield, Fernando Wood, Woodbridge, WorthThe question being upon seconding the previ- | olution, on which he demanded the previous ques

ington, and Yeamau --107. ous question, the House divided, and there were

NOT VOTING-Mcssrs. Anderson, Baily,Blaine, Bliss,

Resolved, That the Committee for the District of Colum- Brooks, Cole, Creswell, Denison, Dixon, Donnelly, Cilen, ayes 33, noes 66.

McAllister, McDowell, William H. Miller, Moorhead, mont says, the fore part of the bill is merely Mr. MORRILL. I am also directed by the
James R. Morris, Leonard Myers, Nelson, Radford, Sam. formal; it will take no time to consider it-perhaps || Committee of Ways and Means to ask that some
uel J. Randall, Robinson, Smith, Starr, William G. Steele,
Stuart, Thayer, Voorhees, Webster, Whaley, Whecler,

only an hour or two. We want to know what || amendments to the bill, not agreed to by the ComChilton A. White, Joseph W. White, and Benjamin Wood the provisions of this bill are. My friend from mittee of Ways and Means, shall be printed with -15. Massachusetts (Mr. Dawes) suggests that we

the bill. So the House refused to lay the resolution on want to know about the paper duty; and I cer- It was so ordered. the table. tainly want to know how it is with “whisky on

HARBOR ON LAKE SUPERIOR. During the roll-call,

hand.” (Laughter.] Mr. WADSWORTH stated that Mr. Mal- The SPEAKER. The Chair will state to the

Mr. DRIGGS, by unanimous consent, introZORY was not well enough to occupy his seat lo- gentleman from Vermont that he is of opinion

duced a bill granting land to the Scale of Michiday. upon reflection that the House, having granted

gan to aid in building a harbor and ship-canal at Mr. RANDALL, of Kentucky, stated that his unanimous consent to allow this bill to be reported, || Portage Lake, Kewenaw Point, Lake Superior; colleague, Mr. Smith, was delained at home by

any motion in regard to the bill, even if it in which was read a first and second time, and resickness.

volves a suspension of the rules, is strictly in || ferred to the Comınittee on Public Lands. Mr. DAVIS, of Maryland, stated that Mr. order, and therefore a motion that this bill shall CONTINGENT EXPENSES OF WAR DEPARTMENT. CRESWELL was detained from the House by sick- be considered as a special order from and after

The SPEAKER laid before the House a letter ness.

lo-morrow evening ai seven o'clock would be in Mr. WILLIAMS stated that Mr. MOORHEAD order; but a motion for a daily recess would not

from the Secretary of War, transmitting a statewas absent in consequence of severe illness. be in order.

ment of expenditures for contingencies of the DeThe result was then announced as above re- Mr. MORRILL. I prefer to have it made a

partment; which was laid on the table, and corded. special order from and after to-morrow evening

ordered to be printed. The SPEAKER. The morning hour having at seven o'clock; but if other gentlemen think fit PRINTING BUREAU OF TREASURY DEPARTMENT. expired, the resolution goes over until Monday to propose an amendment to that motion I will

The SPEAKER also laid before the House a next, with the demand for the previous question yield for the purpose.

communication from the Treasury Department in pending, on which no quorum voted.

Mr. SCHENCK. I do not understand that The next business in order is the consideration

answer to a resolution of the House requiring inany attention has been paid by the Chair to the of the motion made on Monday last by the gentle

formation in reference to the Printing Bureau of objection which I have made. I objected from man from Ohio (Mr. ScheNCK] to suspend the

the Treasury Department; which was laid on the the first to the bill being introduced and made a • rules to enable him to introduce a resolution in

table, and ordered to be printed. special order for to-morrow evening and from day regard to a picture in the Capitol, and upon which to day. I said that if the gentleman from Ver

PATENT OFFICE REPORT. motion no quoruin voted, and the House there

mont would make the bill a special order from The SPEAKER also laid before the House a upon adjourved.

evening to evening I would have no objection; || letter from the Commissioner of Patents, transmite ENROLLED JOINT RESOLUTION SIGNED.

but it does seem to me that some portion of the ling the annual report of that office for the year Mr. COBB, from the Committee on Enrolled time of the House should be allowed to other

1864; which was laid on the table, and ordered Bills, reported that the committee had examined committees and to other business.

to be printed.

The SPEAKER. The Chair will state to the and found truly enrolled joint resolution (H. R. No. 126) declaring certain States not entitled to gentleman from Ohio that if he objected to the in

PICTURE FOR THE CAPITOL. representation in the Electoral College; when the

troduction of this bill he did so from his seal, hay- The SPEAKER. The gentleman from Ohio Speaker signed the same. ing yielded the floor.

(Mr. Schenck) moved on Monday last to susMr. SCHENCK. I objected to its introduc- || pend the rules to enable him to offer a joint res. INTERNAL REVENUE.

tion for the purpose of being made a special order olulion authorizing a contract with William H. Mr. MORRILL, by unanimous consent, from to-morrow evening, and from day to day; but ! Powell for a picture for the Capitol. The ques. the Committee of Ways and Means, reported a said I would not object to its being made a special tion is on the motion to suspend the rules. bill to amend an act entitled “An act to provide order from evening to evening. Of course my The joint resolution directs the Joint Commitinternal revenue to support the Government, to objection goes to its introduction. It was all one tee on the Library to enter into a contract with pay the interest on the public debt, and for other proposition.

William H. Powell, of the State of Ohio, to paint purposes," approved June 30, 1864; which was The SPEAKER. The Chair holds that the a picture for the United States, to be placed at the read a first and second time.

objection comes too late. The Chair putthe ques- head of one of the grand staircases of the Capitol, Mr. MORRILL. I ask that the bill be printed tion to the House whether there was any objec- || illustrative of some naval victory-the particular and referred to the Committee of the Whole on tion to the introduction of the bill, and no objec- || subject to be agreed upon between the committee the state of the Union, and made the special or- tion was made, although the Chair paused longer and the artist, provided that the expense shall not der from and after lo-morrow evening until dis- than usual.

exceed $25,000, and that $2,000 shall be paid to posed of.

Mr. SCHENCK. The Chair will permit me Powell in advance, lo enable him to prepare for The SPEAKER. The House has not yet to say that that was the very time I made my ob- the work, the remainder of the installments to be ordered any evening session. jection, and in my place, standing:

paid at intervals not less than one year, the last Mr. MORRILL, I move, then, to suspend the The SPEAKER. The bill having been intro- installment to be retained until the picture is comrules.

duced, it is now for the House to direct what shall || pleted and put up. The SPEAKER. There is one motion to sus- be done with it. The gentleman from Ohio ob- Mr. PRUYN. I desire to ask the gentleman pend the rules already pending.

jects to its being made a special order from day || from Ohio whether he has changed the form of the Mr. MORRILL. Then I ask unanimous con- to day.

resolution as modified the other day, and whether sent that we have evening sessions.

Mr. SCHENCK. The Chair will bear in mind

it is now imperative. Mr. SCHENCK. I think the proposition is that I had the floor in regard to a matter that was Mr. SCHENCK. Yes, sir. I intended to into make this bill the special order from evening before the House, and proposed to call it up. I form the gentleman that I had made that change. to evening and not from day to day. I must ob- yielded to the gentleman from Vermont, suppos- I suppose that the House is able to decide whether ject lo any more special orders for the day ses- ing that he only wanted to have his bill intro- it will or will not agree to order a picture of this sions. I have a bill amending the enrollment act duced and ordered to be printed. But he went on kind. which should have come up on Thursday last, and proposed to have it made a special order from Mr. PRUYN. I had thought it better that the and the draft is coming on and we cannot get the day io day. I objected to that.

Joint Committee on the Library should be al

The SPEAKER. That objection is in time; | lowed to judge and determine the propriety of Mr. MORRILL. I believe the House will con- but the bill is before the House for its action, ordering this picture. sider this as perhaps as important business as we

Mr. SCHENCK. I want it understood now Mr. STEVENS. I desire to inquire of the genhave on hand, and it is very important to get it that I object to its being made a special order lleman from Ohio whether the object of this joint through the House in order that the Senate may from day to day:

resolution is to purchase a painting which has act upon it. I move, therefore, that the bill be The SPEAKER. The gentleman is in time to already been executed. made a special order from and after seven o'clock make that objection.

Mr.'SCHENCK. It is not. The resolution to-morrow evening, until disposed of.

Mr. SCHENCK. I am perfectly willing, if | provides that the subject ( which must be a naval Mr. BROOKS. Let me suggest to the gentle | there be evening sessions, that the bill shall take subject) shall be agreed upon between the Joint man from Vermont that this tax bill is reported its chance from evening to evening.

Committee on the Library and the artist; and that on the 6th of February, and the country has at The SPEAKER. The Chair will state that when the subject shall have been agreed upon, least a right to see it for three or four days through this not being an appropriation bill, it will re- the artist shall receive an advance of $2,000, and the telegraph. The interests that are to be taxed quire a two-third voie to make it a special order; a similar amount yearly, the last installment not to have a riglit to see it for three or four days before but it is in the power of two thirds io make it a be paid until the picture has been completed and we act upon it. special order in spite of objection.

put in its place, and the installments not to be Mr. MORRILL. In reply to the gentleman Mr. MORRILL. I move that the bill be re- paid at intervals of less than one year. It will from New York I will say this, that a large por- ferred to the Committee of the Whole on the iake some six or seven years at least to finish tion of the bill, the fore part of it, is merely formul, state of the Union, ordered to be printed, and the picture. but it will take some time to go through with made a special order from and after seven o'clock Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. Do I un. that, and the important parts of the bill will not on Wednesday evening next, and until disposed of. derstand that these payments are to be made be reached for several days.

The SPEAKER ordered tellers, and appointed directly on the order of the Joint Committee on Mr. WASFIBURNE, of Illinois. I think the Messrs. MORRILL and SchencK.

the Library? Buggestion of the gentleman from New York The House divided; and the tellers reported- The SPEAKER. That is the effect of the reso. [Mr. BROOKS) is a very just one. Certainly tirere ayes 65, noes 31.

lution. are provisions in the bill in which our constitu- So, two thirds having voted in favor thereof, Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. Then I supents are interested. As the gentleman from Ver- the motion was agreed to.

pose that if the artist should insist upon it, the

bill up.

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