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that purpose.

by which the second section of the bill was struck Mr. STEVENS. I move that the House go Mr. SPALDING. Mr. Chairman, when, at the out; and also moved to lay the motion to recon into the Committee of the Whole on the state of last sitting of the Committee of the Whole House Bider on the table. the Union.

on the siuie of the Union, I submiited the motion Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois, called for the Mr. PRICE. I ask the gentleman to withdraw which at this time gives me the floor, my only yeas and nays on the latter motion.

that motion for a moment in order that I may purpose was to bring about an adjournment of The yeas and nays were ordered. oller a resolution.

The House. But as, by parliamentary rule, the The question was taken; and it was decided in Mr. STEVENS. I withdraw my motion for privilege of speaking is accorded to me, I shall the affirinative-yeas 65, bays 56, not voting 61;

improve the opportunity to congratulate the comas follows:

mittee and the country upon the dignified and pa

UNITED STATES CHRISTIAN COMMISSION. YEAS-Messrs. Ames, Ancona, Ashley, Baily, John D.

triotic character of the President's message, which Baldwin, Bliss, Blow, Boyu, Brooks, Broomall, Freeman Mr.PRICE. I ask leave to offer the following | is, by a like rule, made the first subject for our conClarke, Cox, Henry Winter Davis, Thomas T. Davis, Deni resolution:

sideration. son, Eldridge, Finck, Garfield, Grinnell, Griswold, Hale, Harding, Harringtuli, Charles M. Harris, Herrick, Holinan,

Resolved, That ihe use of the Hall of the House of Rep The President gives us to understand in this, Hooper, Kasso11, Kelly, kuapp, Litzear, le Brond, Long, resentatives be, and is herehy, granted to the United States his annual message, that the condition of our forLongyear, Mallory, Marcy, MeBride, Mo Indoe, Morrill,

Christian Comission for their public anniversary meetJames R. Morris, Leonard Myers, Noble, Charles O'Neill, ing, to be held on Sunday evening, January 29, 1805.

cign affairs is a reasonably satisfactory”-that is John O'Neill, Ortli, Pendleton, Perry, Pike, Pomeroy,

to say, that amicable relations with all foreign

Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. I am comPruyn, Samuel J. Randall, Alexander II. Rice, Sebenck,

Powers are still prescrved through the arts of diScott, Shannon, Smithers, Stevens, Strouse, suunt,Thayer, pelled to object to that, and all other similar prop- plomacy. He says, however, that unforeseen Townsend, Van Valkenburgh, Voorhees, Ward, and Yea osirions.

political difficulties have arisen on the “northern inal-55. NAYS-Messrs. William J. Allen, Alley, Allison, Ander

Mr. PRICE. I move to suspend the rules in boundary of the United States," and,“ in view son, Amold, Baxter, Beaman, Blair, Boutwell, Brawdree, order to allow the introduction of the resolution. of the insecurity of life and property in the region James S. Brown, Chanier, Ambrose \V.Clark, Cobb, Cot I do not see why the resolution should be objec- adjacent to the Canadian border, by reason of froth, Cole, Dawes, Dawson, Deining, Dixon, Drigus, Lek tionable to any one.

On the motion to suspend recent assaults and depredations, committed by ley, Eden, Elivi, Farnsworth, Frank, Ginson, llotchkiss, the rules I dermand the yeas and nays. Job. ll. Hubbard, luiburd, Jenckes, Francis W. Kellogg,

inimical and desperate persons, who are harbored Orlando Keliogs, Knox, Littlejohan, McClurg, Samuel F.

The yeas and ways were not ordered.

there, it has been thought proper to give yotice Miller, Moorcond, Perham, Price, William II. Randall, Mr. PRICE demanded tellers.

that, after the expiration of six months, the period John 11. Rice, Edward Il. Rollins, James S. Rollins, Ross, Tellers were ordered; and Messrs. Price and conditionally stipulated in the existing arrangeScofield, Spalding. John B. Sterle, Tracy, Upson, Wads. worth, Elibu B. Wishburne, William B. Washburn, WilELDRIDGE were appointed.

ment with Great Britain, the United Siates must liams, Wilson, and I Viudoni-36.

The House divided; and the tellers reported hold themselves at liberty to increase their naval NOT VOTING ---Messrs. James C. Allen, Augustus C. ayes forty-six, noes not counted.

armament upon the lakes if they shall find that proBaldwin, Blaine, William G. Brown, Chay,Cravens, Cres

Less than iwo thirds voting in favor of the ceeding necessary. well, Donnelly, Dumont, Eugenion, English, Fenton, Gooch, Grider, Hall, Benjamin G. Harris, Iligby, Asahel motion, the rules were not suspended.

Mr. Chairnian, as the Representative of a W. Hubbard, Hutchins, Ingasoll, Philip Johnson, William

Mr. STEVENS. I renew the motion to go wealthy, intelligent, and highly patriotic populaJohnson, Julian, Kabilrisch, Kernan, Kiug, Liiv, Loan, into Committee of the Whole on the state of the tion in the immediate vicinity of one of these great Marvin, McAllister, McDowell, McKinney, Middleton, Union. William 11. Miller, Daniel Morris, Morrison, Amos Myers,

lakes, whose peaceful waters have the last sumNelson, Norton, Odell, Patterson, Radiord, Robiison,

Mr. HALE. I ask my colleague to withdraw mer been rudely violated by the marauders from Rogers, Sloan, Smith, Starr, William G. Steele, Stiles,

the motion for a moment, to allow me to offer a Canada, I desire to thank the President for this Sweat, Thomas, Webster, Whaley, Wheeler, Chilton A. resolution.

signal manifestation of executive firmness and White, Joseph W. White, Wilder, Winfield, Benjamin Mr. STEVENS. I withdraw for that purpose. sagacity. Woud, Fernando Wood, and Woodbridge-61.

It should not be forgotten that this House of So the motion to reconsider was laid on the


Represeniatives at its last session adopted with a table.

Mr. HALE. I ask leave to offer the following | good degree of unanimity a joint resolution, emThe bill was then ordered to be engrossed and resolution:

anating from the Committee on Naval Affairs, read a third time; and being engrossed, it was ac Resolved, that there ha printed for the use of the mem requesting the Executive to give to Great Britain cordingly read the third time. bers of this llouse a sufficient timber of extra copies of

this very notice so vitally important to the comMr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. I desire to

the Dictionary of Congress to inake the quota of the blouse
equal to that already ordered by the Senate: Proristed, That

merce of the lakes and to the security of the ingive notice that, if that section be stricken out, I the copyright laer by directed to b« paid by the Clerk shall habitants living upon their borders. This resolushall offer it to every proposition to which it may not exceed per cops what was heretofore allowed for the tion "fell asleep" in the Senate. be appropriate. saine work.

Another resolution touching the interests of the The bill was then passed.

Several MEMBERS Objected to the introduction British provinces in a strictly commercial point, Mr. STEVENS moved to reconsider the vote of the resolution.

and giving reciprocity in faci where none existed by which the bill was passed; and also moved The SPEAKER. The resolution being ob but in name, has recently passed this House in that the motion to reconsider be laid on the table. Ijected to, is not before the House.

accordance with the just expectations of the The latter motion was agreed to.

Mr. HALE. Does it not go to the Committee people, and they seem now to be waiting someon Printing under the rules?

what impatiently the further action of coördinate ENROLLED BILLS. The SPEAKER, It would, if it were regu

branches of the Government, Mr. COBB, from the Committee on Enrolled || larly introduced; but any member can object to

Mr. Chairman, I am fully aware of the deliBills, reported that they had examined and found its introduction.

cacy of our relations with Great Britain, and have truly enrolled bills of the following litles; when Mr. STEVENS. I now renew the motion to no disposition at this moment to provoke open the Speaker signed the same:

go into the Committee of the Whole on the state hostilities with her; but I am free io consess that Joint resolution (S. No.83) tendering the thanks of the Union.

I do not look upon that Power as a friend to the of Congress to Captain John A. Winslow, United Mr. W.J. ALLEN. I hope the gentleman

United States. She is greatly ambitious to be the States Navy, and io the officers and men under bis from Pennsylvania will allow me to introduce a

leader of the nations by means of her supremacy command on board the United States steamer Kearbill simply for reference.

on the ocean, and she is preeminently selfish in sarge, in her conflict with the piratical craft the Mr. STEVENS. I yield for that purpose.

all that appertains to commerce and trade. In Alabama, in compliance with the President's rec

both of these particulars, a Navy and commerommendation io Congress of the 5th of December,

UNITED STATES COURT IN ILLINOIS. cial marine, the United States having peace within 1864;

Mr. W. J. ALLEN, by unanimous consent, her own borders, would speedily overshadow her. Joint resolution (S. No.84) tendering the thanks introduced a bill to provide for additional terms

Neither do I fear Great Britain. This Govern. of Congress to Lieutenant William B. Cushing, ll of the United States circuit and district courts in ment has no occasion to fear her, for, with all her of the United States Navy, and the officers and the southern district of Illinois; which was read wealth and military and naval strength, the loyal men who assisted him in his gallant and perilous a first and second time, and referred to the Com- people of the United States are at this moment, achievement in destroying the rebel steamer Al mittee on the Judiciary.

i with the “ great rebellion" on their hands, more bemarle, in compliance with the President's rec Mr. STEVENS. I now again renew the mo- || than a match for her. While we deprecate war with ommendation of December 5, 1864; and

tion to go into Committee of the Whole on the foreign nations, we should always remember that An act (S. No. 222) authorizing the holding of state of the Union.

the surest way to avoid that calamity is to be a special session of the United States district Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. I understand fully prepared for the emergency. Pusillanimous court for the district of Indiana.

the object in going into Committee of the Whole | legislation and pusillanimous diplomacy will bring Mr. WASHIBURNE, of Illinois. I move that is simply for the purpose of allowing speeches to ruin upon a nation sooner than armed legions. It the House adjourn.

be made. I therefore ask that, by unanimous is therefore the true policy of our Republic to Mr. STEVENS. I hope the gentleman will conseni, it be understood that wlien the Com be continually “girding on her armor, 10 erect withdraw that molion. I want to move to go into mittce of the Whole shall rise no further business fortifications upon her exposed coasts and borthe Committee of the Whole on the state of the shall be done in the House this afternoon.

ders, to establish dock-yards and depots upon the Union. There is some business that ought to be No objection was made.

shores of our inland seas, as well as upon the done in the Commilice of the Whole.

The question being taken on Mr. Stevens's shores of our two great oceans. Mr.WASHBURNE, of Illinois. I understand motion, it was agreed to.

The message informs us that the financial afthat the gentleman from Ohio, (Mr. SPALDING,] desires to make a speech in the Committee of the


fairs of the Government have been beneficially

affected by the legislation of the last session Whole, and I therefore withdraw my motion for So the rules were suspended; and the House of Congress. The receipts into the Treasury the purpose of permitting the gentleman from accordingly resolved itself into Committee of the from all sources during the year, in cash, were Pennsylvania to make the motion that the House Whole on the state of the Union, (Mr. Farns- $884,076,646, of which there was derived from go into the Committee of the Whole on the state Worth in the chair,) and resumed the considera: customis $102,316,152; from lands, $588,333; from of the Union. tion of the President's annual message.

Il direct taxes, $475,618; from internal revenue,

$109,741,134; from miscellaneous sources, $47, voices of two hundred thousand of our sons who From every quarter of the theater of war come glorious 511,448; and from loans, $6:23,443,929. The dis have fallen a sacrifice upon the altar of freedom

tidings. Everywhere were the flag of the nation floats bursements were, in the sum total, $865,234,087,

over the embattled hosts of the Union, it is bornje in triumph. cry to us from their graves, “Extinguish slaof which the War Department consumed $690,

We give this morning the proudest bulletin of the war. It very!The widows and orphans of the sluugh makes a noble record for the presiding genius whose mag. 791,842, and the Navy Department $85,733,292. tered soldiers implore us to " abolish slavery." terly intellect controls the movements of the l’nion armies These estimates, it will be noted, were made on Two hundred thousand stalwart men with bayo.

from his unobtrusive headquarters at City Point, for the the 1st day of July, 1864, at which time the in

executive talent of the great War Minister and luis subordinets in their hands, once slaves, but now soldiers creased tariff and internal duties were hardly felt

nates, whose unwearying activity and promptitude furnish of the Union, admonish us to wipe out the foul in abundance the requisite material for so many distant at the national Treasury. The national debt, at stain of slavery; but, above all, right and justice ammies, for the military talent and aptitude for command that date, was $1,740,690,489. It is believed that and the perpetuity of our free institutions of gov

of the leaders who are so nobly guiding our troops to victory, by a judicious revision of the system of tariff and

and for the daring endurance and patriotic enthusiasm of ernment call upon us to remove this curse from

the rank and file, whose achievements will stand comparitaxation, and especially by the imposition of a the land.

son with the best soldiers of any age or clime. Nor should reasonable duty upon sales of all sorts, the in And why should gentlemen on the other side the valuable coöperation of the Navy be forgotten-tho ternal revenue may be made to exceed the sum of this House hesitate in this matter? Have they

energy and skill which have placed the United States in the of $300,000,000 a year, without being burdensome

foremost rank of the naval Powers of the world, the ability not always, as partisan politicians, expressed a and heroic zeal otthe officers, and the indomitable pluck of to our people. What a picture that will present desire to abolish slavery so soon as they could do our gallautiars. The news which we publish this morning, of the unfathomable resources of our great nation! it in a constitutional manner? And now what confirmatory of the glad tidings which has sent a thrill of Not yet fourscore years of age, and with one are they asked to do by their votes? Simply to

exulant triumpli throughout the land, is the sure precursor third of the States in open and active rebellion

of the approaching doom of the rebellion. aid the majority in giving a two-thirds vote, so

“Sherman has made his devastating swath of sixty miles for four years, sustaining an Army of a million that the proposition to amend the Constitution in breadth through the very heart of Georgia, breaking up men, and a Navy of seven hundred ships of war, may be submitted to the people of the States workshops and factories, destroying stores and supplies, and yet not one dollar borrowed, except from our through their Representatives in the legislative

scattering the panic-stricken Legislature, and assuring the own loyal citizens! And still we have but a faint

Empire State of the South that war is no child's play, and bodies. If they refuse to do this, what is the just

that though it has been long free from its ravages, it is idle conception of the wonderful resources of the Uni

inference? That they are so wedded to the insti lo defy the Government of our fathers and to cope with the ted States Government and people. I am per tution of slavery that they will not trust the people

resources of a people bent on the maintenance of its nasuaded that I speak within the bounds of modesty

tionality. with the privilege of saying whether or not it

He has reached his objective point on the coast.

Fort McAllister is in his hande. Savannah is partially inand truth when I say that a single article of com shall continue its existence in the land. If they vested, and its fate sealed. merce, almost unknown to the arts at the break

refuse to do this, what is the inevitable conse “ In the mean time General Foster has moved up from ing out of the rebellion, will command annually, | quence? The Thirty-Ninth Congress will adopt

Beaufort, bas laid devastating lands on the railroad conin the market, money enough to pay the interest

peetion with Charleston, and is ready to couperate with the measure within one week of its organization,

Sherman in an attack on Savannah, while the Navy is inov. on our national debi.

and then the issue will be with the country, in all ing up its ships and gunboats into Ossabaw wound for like It is gratifying to learn from the message that time to come, which body most truly represented purpose. Further on, in the far Southwest, General Cannotwithstanding the exactions for the military the wishes and interests of the great American

by has dispatched a force from Vicksburg, which has deservice, some nine thousand persons had been

stroyed the bridge over the Big Blackriver, with thirty miles people. enabled to enter lands for farms during the five

of the track of the Mississippi Central railroad, twenty-six

In connection with this subject of amending the hundred bales of cotton, and over a hundred and sixty thouquarters preceding the 30th day of September || Constitution so as to prohibiti slavery in the land, sand dollars' worth of property, cutting off Hood's conneclast, under the benign provisions of the homestead

tion with Mobile and endangering his supplies. I commend to the consideration of gentlemen on law. This is the only legitimate mode of making

" Breckinridge has been checked in his demonstrations both sides of the House the following historical

in Tennessee, by a daring raid under Storeman and Bursovereigns in our country-lords of the soil-and fact: Colonel George Mason, of Virginia, one of bridge in his rear, who seized Abingdon, Glade Springs, they will be very apt to stand by the Government the distinguished statesmen who assisted in fram and other points along the East Tennessee and Virginia whence they have derived their title of aggrandize- || ing the Constitution, nevertheless refused to give

railroad, destroying the track and valuable property, and ment. it the sanction of his name, and protested against

spreading universal consternation amoug the rebels, and

threatening, according to their accounts, their invaluable It is painful to hear of the devastating effects its adoption for this among other reasons by him salt-works at Saltville and vicinity: of wur upon our fighting population; and, at the publicly assigned:

"Along the Roanoke a joint land and naval expedition, same time, we are happy to know that republics

despite the torpedoes which blew up three of our vessels,

" The general Legislature (Congress) is restrained from are not, all of them, ungrateful. The President

are pushing up into the interior, laying waste rebel supplies prohibiting the further importation of slaves for twenty-odd tells us there have been placed on the Army pen

to the amount of a million dollar, and more, and scattering years; though such importations yender the United States

dismay among a people who thought navigation entirely sion rolls, during the year, twenty-two thousand weaker, more vulnerable, and less capable of defense."

obstructed. one hundred and ninety-eight widows, orphans, Is it not passing strange that one of the fathers “Iu Tennessee the gallant Thomas is giving the finishing and mothers. The number seems large, but we

blows to that grand stroke of the Davis-blood-Beauregard in the days of Virginia's manhood should object

policy which was to annihilate Sherman and ignominmust increase the list until every dependent rela to our national charter berause it contained ***

iously expel the Federal troops from the soil of Tennessee. live of a deceased soldier shall, by the bounty of negative" upon prohibition of the slave trade,

Sherman paid no need to the vain boast, but pursued bis the Government, be made secure against want. and, at this day, after three fourths of a century's

inarchi, leaving the vaunting enemy to the care of Thomas Then, and not till then, shall we be permitted to

and his gallant men, and right nobly have they done their experience of ihe wisdom of that objection there

duty. Falling back, as if under compulsion, Thomas adminsing

should be found in this Hall men nurtured in the istered a severe check to the enemy at Franklin, and con“How sleep the brave, who sink to rest,

lap of freedom and blessed with all the precious || centrated his lines on the Cumberland. When llood sent By all their country's wishes blest."

oui his detached parties, expecting to flank the old veteran privileges appertaining to free institutions who

into further retreat, he was suddenly pounced down upon We are told by the President, in his own pecu- l by their voices and their votes express a determ and vanquished. We give his officini dispatch this mornjar style, that society is "being molded for dura ination to scourge their posterity as we in our day ing. Forrest, 100, the chief of the Fort Pillow massacre, bility in the Union;" and as evidence of the fact, are scourged with the curse of human slavery?

is reported as killed. he points to the Monumental City, and says, in

“While thus from other quarters of the military horizon Mr. Chairman, I did not intend to make an

we are cheered by tidings of success, the army of the Powords that thrill the patriotic breast," Maryland anti-slavery speech on this floor. I agree with tomac is not idle. The gallant Warren ha. just relurned is secure to liberty and Union for all the future. the gentleman from New York in his declaration from a damaging raid upon the Weldon road, and ilie great The genius of rebellion will no more claim Mary- | publicly made at the last session, that “SLAVERY leader of our armies is steadily maturing his preparations

for the final demonstration against the rebel capital. Its land,” All honor to Maryland! All honor to the IS DEAD.

fate may be postponed, but it cannot be averted." noble men who have been instrumental in rescu But I do desire to " set a seal" upon the door ing that old and respected Commonwealth from of its tomb. Such a scal, in my judgment, will Mr. SPALDING. Mr. Chairman, I do not the incubus of slavery! Henceforth Maryland require the proposed amendment of the Constitu- | adopt the term “subjugate.” as used by the gentleis destined to shine, in the galaxy of States, as a tion.

man from New York but in the last necessity. I star of the first magnitude.

I do not advert, Mr. Chairman, to the long | heartily concur with our excellent Chief MagisWith respectful submission 1 here venture to string of hallucinations introduced by the gentle trate in the sentiment embodied in the last parasuggest that the President has himself performed man from New York into his speech to show a graph of his message, and commend it especially an official act since the commencement of the pres pretended parallelism between the patriotic efforts to the gentleman from New York, and all who ent session of Congress that will do more in the of “ Burke and Fox and Chatham and Camden" may sympathize with him in his efforts to infuture toward "molding society for durability and others of the British Parliament, in the early spire the supporters of a bad cause with confiin the Union” than any conceivable action of any | days of the American Revolution, and the trea

dence: one State.

sonable ravings of disappointed politicians in " In stating a single condition of peace, I mean simply The President adverts in his message to the

another and different arena. I turn all such con to say, that TIE WAR WILL CEASE, ON THE PART OF THE recent quadrennial election as evidence of the will

GOVERNMENT, WHENEVER IT SHALL HAVE CEASED ON THE testants over to another and different tribunal of the people in favor of the constitutional amend where more summary justice may be administered. ment for the prohibition of slavery throughout I will stop long enough, however, to say to the

Mr. HOLMAN. I move that the committee the United States. He is clearly right in this, so gentleman from New York that since he made rise, far as regards the sentiments of at least three his proud boast, on Wednesday last, that his The motion was agreed to. fourths of the voters in the loyal States. It is in | " southern brethren could never be subjugated,” So the committee rose; and the Speaker havvain that politicians plant themselves upon the very much evidence has accumulated on ihat point. | ing resumed the chair, Mr. FARNSWORTH reported track of progress and attempt to impede the car I send to the Clerk the remarks of a morning pa that the Committee of the Whole on the siate of of freedom! It is in vain that the learned, elo per on the present aspect of military affairs, and the Union had had the Union generally under quent, but erratic Representative from the city of beg leave to say that I heartily agree with the consideration, and particularly the President's New York invokes is toleration” in behalf of an patriotic editor in his ascriptions of praise to the annual message, and had come to no resolution institution that he says was tolerated by the heads of the War and Navy Departments, and to thereon. Saviour and His apostles.The enlighiened the officers and soldiers of our armies.

And then, on motion of Mr. HOLMAN, (at sense of the age in which we live imperatively The Clerk read, as follows:

ten minutes past three o'clock p.m.,) the House demands the complete extinction of slavery; the “The Situation. The cause looks grandly upward. || adjourned.




that it be printed and referred to the Committee There being no objection, the bill was considTUESDAY, December 20, 1864. on Military Affairs and the Militia.

ered as in Committee of the Whole. It proposes

The motion was agreed to. Prayer by Rev. Thomas Bowman, D. D., Chap

to provide that in computing the three years al

lowed by the twenty-first section of the “ act inlain to the Senate.

The Journal of yesterday was read and approved. Mr. TRUMBULL. I move that perroission

creasing temporarily, the duties on imports, and

for other purposes," approved July 14, 1862, for. PETITIONS AND MEMORIALS. be granted to withdraw from the files of the Sen

the withdrawal of goods from any public store ate the petition of Charles Taylor, praying comMr. MORGAN presented the memorial of A.

or bonded warehouse for exportation to foreign pensation for service rendered and supplies adM. Conrey and H. S. Jaudon, praying that the

countries or transhipment to any port of the Pavanced to the United States, at Chicago, Illinois, cific or western coast of the United States, if such Secretary of the Treasury may be authorized to during the Black Hawk war, in 1832, and that it pay to them a certain amount of money seized by be referred to the Committee on Claims. No re

exportation or transhipment of any goods shall, Major General Butler at New Orleans, and re

either for the whole or any part of the term of port has been made upon the case. mitted by him to the Treasury Department, the

three years, have been prevented by reason of any The motion was agreed to.

order of the President of the United States, the same having been previously confiscated in the

MESSAGE FROM THE IIOUSE. hands of the Southern Bank of New Orleans, by

time during which such exportation or transhipthe rebel government; which was referred to the A message from the House of Representatives,

ment shall have been so prevented shall be exCommittee on Claims. by Mr. McPHERSON, its Clerk, announced that

cluded from the computation. He also presented the memorial of Catharine the House had passed a bill (H. R. No. 618) to

The bill was reported to the Senate without Harleston, praying to be remunerated for dam amend the act entitled "An act to provide inter

amendment, ordered to a third reading, read the ages to her house and furniture, occasioned by nal revenue to support the Government, pay in

third time, and passed. the shelling of her house on the Seventh street terest on the public debt, and for other purposes," WASILINGTON GAS-LIGIIT COMPANY. road, in the District of Columbia, in the month approved June 30, 1864; and that the House had

Mr. DIXON. The Committee on the District of July last, as is alleged, by order of the Presi- || concurred in the amendment of the Senate to the dent of the United States; which was referred to resolution proposing an adjournment from the

of Columbia, to whom was referred the memorial the Committee on Claims. 22d instant to ihe 5th of January, 1864.

of the Washington Gas-Light Company, prayMr. HENDRICKS presented a petition of offi

ing for the repeal of certain amendments to their

REPORTS FROM COMMITTEES. cers in the subsistence department of the Army,

charter, have bad the same under consideration,

Mr. HARLAN, from the Committee on Pub and have instructed me to report a bill on the subpraying that that department may be placed on an equality with the quartermaster's department

lic Lands, to whom was referred the bill (H. R. Iject and to ask for it the immediate consideration of

No. 560) to amend the act of Congress entitled the Senate. It is a matter of very great publicas in respect io promotion; which was referred to the Committee on Military Affairs and the Militia.

"An act to grant the right of preëmption to cer well as private importance. Mr. WILSON presented three petitions of offi

tain purchasers on the Soscol Ranch, in the State By unanimous consent, the bill (S. No.363) to cers in the military service of the United States,

of California," reported it with amendments. amend the charter of the Washington Gas-Light praying for an increase of their pay and allow

He also, from the same committee, to whom Company was read twice by its title and consid

were referred various petitions from citizens ofered as in Committee of the Whole. It proposes ances; which were referred to the Committee on Military Affairs and the Militia.

California on that subject, asked to be discharged to repeal so much of the acts of June 25, 1860, and

from their further consideration, which was July 11, 1862, as relate to the price of gas fur-' He also presented the petition of Selina Bar

agreed to. clay, praying for remuneration for the loss of her

nished by the Washington Gas-Light Company,

Mr. POMEROY, from the Committee on Pub and to amend the act incorporating the company property occasioned by the burning of the navy

lic Lands, to whom was referred the bill (S. No. yard at Portsmouth, Virginia, in April, 1861; 354) extending the time for the completion of cer

so as to prohibit the company from receiving, on which was referred to the Committee on Claims.

and after December 1, 1864, for the benefit of its tain land-grant railroads in Minnesota, and for He also presented the memorial of James N.

stockholders, a greater price for gas than the averCarpenter, paymaster United States Navy, prayother purposes, reported it with an amendment.

age net or cash price which may be charged in the ing to be compensated for losses sustained by him

He also, from the same committee, to whom capitals of the States of Maryland, Pennsylvania, by reason of ihe rebellion, in consequence of his

was referred a joint resolution (S. R. No. 33) to New Jersey, and New York, and from that price

enable the Secretary of the Treasury to obtain absence on duty on board the United States ship

five per cent. is to be deducted on all gasfurnished the title to certain property in Carson City, and to the General Government. Saratoga; which was referred to the Committee

Territory of Nevada, for the purposes of a branch The bill was reported to the Senate without on Claims.

mint located in said place, reported it without amendmene. Mr. GRIMES presented the petition of J. B.

amendment. Parker and forty others, acting assistant surgeons

Mr. SHERMAN. It seems to me that if we TIIE RECIPROCITY TREATY.

are to change the charter of this company we in the United States Navy, praying for an increase of their pay; which was referred to the Commit Mr. SUMNER. The Committee on Foreign | ought to fix definitely the price of the gas contee on Naval Affairs. Relations, to whom was referred the joint resolu

sumed. The gas consumed by the Government

of the United States now amounts to somewhere Mr. HALE. I have received and been re tion (H. R. No. 56) authorizing the President of quested to present to the Senate the memorial of the United States to give to the Government of

between fifty and one hundred thousand dollars Edmund F. Brown, a notary public and United Great Britain the notice required for the termina

per annum; and this bill aflects also the price States commissioner of Washington city, asking tion of the reciprocity treaty of the 5th of June, paid by every consumer in the city of Washing:

ton. for the payment of a balance due him by the In A.D. 1854, have had the same under considera

I think all of us are more or less interested terior Department for taking depositions in matters tion, and directed me to report it back to the Sen

in it. If the price now allowed by law is not connected with the Washington aqueduct. My

ate with an amendment siriking out all after the sufficient, certainly the Committee on the District own impression is that it should be referred to the words “joint resolution” and inserting a substi

of Columbia ought to fix the price, and not make Committee on Claims; but it has been transmitted

I am further directed to ask for the consid

it so uncertain as to depend upon the legislation to me with a request to have it referred to the Com eration of the resolution to-morrow, and, if the

of three or four different Statis-a standard thut mittee on the District of Columbia. If they, on Senate will give me permission, I shall call it up

no citizen interested in the subject can fix. How examination, find that it does not belong to them, at some convenient moment to-morrow,

would it be possible for a citizen of Washington they will send it to the Committee on Claims. The same committee, to whom were referred

to know what is the law of these various States? move that the petition be referred to the Commit a memorial of the Chamber of Commerce of St.

It would be impossible for him to ascertain it. It tee on the District of Columbia. Paul, Minnesota, remonstrating against any ac

seems to me, therefore, that if the price allowed The motion was agreed to. tion at the present session of Congress termina

is not sufficient, the Committee on the District of Mr. HALE. I have received, and been reting the reciprocity treaty, and also sundry pe

Columbia should fix a definile price per thousand quested to present to the Senate, a memoriał from titions from Connecticut, from Wisconsin, from

feet, and then every citizen will know precisely Sister Ann Simeon Norris, mother superior of the the Chamber of Commerce of Milwaukee, and

whether they charge him according to law or not.

Mr. JOHNSON. Is there no limit?
Sisters of Charity, which represents that by the

sundry other papers on the same subject, having
had them under consideration direct me to report

Mr. SHERMAN. No. It is to be fixed, as discipline of their order they are obliged to wear a uniform of a certain description, which is manuthem all back to the Senate, with a request to be

I understand it, by what is allowed in the capifactured only in France, and that the duties upon discharged from the further consideration thereof. tals of Maryland, Pennsylvania, New Jersey,

and New York. it are now so oppressive that they are not able to

The committee was discharged. receive the importation. They represent that they

Mr. FOOT. I desire to present the petitions

Mr. JOHNSON. They charge differently in

the cities to which reference is made. spend their lives, a great many of them, in gratuiof a large number of citizens from various towns

Mr. WILSON. I think we had better not pass tous service in the hospitals, and there are, I be

in the State of Vermont, praying for thc abrogalieve, some three or four hundred of them who de

this bill this morning. Let us have a liltle iime tion of the reciprocity treaty, so called. As that vote their whole time to purposes of charity in subject has been reported upon this morning by

to reflect upon it and to inquire into it. li seems the Army. They request that the duties on that the Committee on Foreign Relations, I move that

to me, however, that some action ought to be had

not only in regard to the price, but especially in material may be remedied. I move that the me

the petitions lie on the table. morial be referred to the Committee on Finance.

The motion was agreed to.

regard to the quality of the gas. The quality of

the gas of this city is of the very poorest descrip; The motion was agreed to.

tion. Everybody sees it, feels it, lastes it, and Mr. RAMSEY. I present the memorial of the Mr. SHERMAN. The Committee on Finance, smells it. I think we had better let the bill lie board of managers of the Soldiers' National Cem to whom was referred the bill (H. R. No. 603) to over, and we shall probably hear something about etery Association, asking for a slight appropria extend the time allowed for the withdrawal of cer it in a few days and can make the bill what it tion on the part of the Government to aid in the tain goods therein named from public stores, have ought to be; but I am sure that some action ought erection of the monument at Gettysburg. As the had the same under consideration, and directed to be had in regard to this matter of gas in this facis contained in the memorial are very interest me to report it back without amendment and to

city. ing, and the memorial itself is quite brief, I move ask that it may be put on its passage at once.

Mr. DIXON. I have a letter here from the sec



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retary of the company with regard to the quality i der consideration doubtless are quite familiar with matter, so that Senators might be apprised of the
of the gas, and I may as well, perhaps, allude to all the facts connected with it, but it is manifest true state of the facts.
that, as ihe Senator from Massachusetts bas re that a majority of the Senators present are not; The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The qnestion
ferred to it. Te is true that about one week ago and it is not unreasonable, I think, that it should is on the motion of the Senator from lowa (Mr.
there was a very great defect in the character of go over a few days until we can become some HARLAN) to postpone the bill until to-morrow.
the gas, which was probably perceived by every what acquainted with the facts. I believe this The motion was agreed to.
person who had occasion to use it; but I believe,
company has a monopoly of this whole business

with that exception, there has been no complaint. in the city of Washington, and if so, we ought
The secretary of the company, Mr. Brown, wrote to be a liule careful in our legislation.

Mr. GRIMES. Lam instructed by the Comme a note in regard to that, which I will read to Mr. DIXON. The Senator is mistaken; that

mittee on Naval Affairs, to whom was referred the Senale. He says:

is not so. Another company has been chartered, the bill (S. No.353) to establish the grade of vice
and has the privilege at any time of laying down

admiral in the United States Navy, to report the
No. 483 TENTU STREET WEST, pipes and supplying gas.

same back without amendinent and recommend WASHINGTON City, December 19, 1864. Mr. HARLAN. But practically at this time its passage; and I move that the Senate proceed, DEAR SIR: Last week we received a cargo of coal from

this company furnishes all the gas consumed in by unanimous consent, to the consideration of the Nova Scotia, out of the Glace bay mines, from which there

Washington. has been sent us about a thou-and ions in 1864, all good

bill now. coal, such as is used in Boston and other eastern cities. Mr. DIXON. They do so at this time.

There being no objection, the Senate, as in Being scarce of coal we commenced using it at once, and Mr. GRIMES. The other company has for

Committee of the Whole, proceeded to consider did not observe the unpleasant odor of the gas until we had feited its charter.

the bill. Il proposes to authorize the President carbonized some filly ions ; it was immediately stopped as soon as discovered, but one bundred and seventy fivi thon

Mr. HARLAN. My colleague remarks that of the United States, by and with the advice and sand feet of the gas lid passed into the holders and affected the other company has forfeited its charter, so consent of the Senate, io appoint one vice admithe whole supply for forty-eight hours. This coalcost more that this company has a monopoly of the whole ral who is to be selected from the list of active than the coal from West Virginia, and nearly as much as

business. The legislation on the suloject, there rear admirals, and who is to be the ranking offithat from Pittsbury, and was only ordered because we could not get our winter supply from the United States. This fore, I think, ought to be prudent and careful. I cer in the Navy of the United States, and whose company has always lirnished purer and better gas than think it is probable that the price of gas ought to

relative rank with the officers of the Army is to Wis nstid any other place, and it is our intention to do so be increased, but we oughi to be well informed

be that of lieutenant general in the Army. regardless of the cost of coal, as long as we can furnish any at all. The cargo of coal referred in will not be used for on the subject before legislation is had. I hope,

The second section provides that the pay of the manufacturing gas, and every care will be taken to prevent therefore, that the bill may go over for a few

vice admiral of the Navy shall be $7,000 when the production of an article of the character complained of. days.

at sea; $6,000 when on shore duty; and $5,000 1 111, ốc,

J. F. BROWN, Secretary, $c. Mr. DIXON. I merely wish to call the atten when wajung orders. Hon. James Dixon, United States Senator.

tion of the Senate to the fact that here is an ex The third section provides that the section of That is with regard to the quality of the gas. isting law compelling this company to furnish gas

an act approved December 21, 1861, entitled “An Now, as to the question of postponing this mat at a price al which ihey cannot afford to do it. act further to promote the efficiency of the Navy," ter, I will state io the Senate, and I think the When that fact is considered, it seems to me that

shall not be so construed as to apply to any one Senate will see, that immediate or at least early is a reason why the subject should not be de- || holding a commission as a vice admiral in the action is required on this subject, after hearing layed. They merely ask a repeal of the restric- | Navy. the facts.

tion upon them. Is it just or right, ask the The bill was reported to the Senate without On the 25th of June, 1860, a bill was passed Senate, lo compel this company to furnish gas at

amendment, ordered to be engrossed for a third limiting the price of gas to be furnished by this a rate at which we all know they cannot afford reading, read the third time, and passed. company to $3 50 per thousand feet.

In 1862
to do it?

an amendment was adopted to an appropriation Mr. HENDERSON. As a member of the
bill limiting the company to $2 80 per thousand Committee on the District of Columbia, when

Mr. FOSTER asked, and by unanimous confeet to the Government and $3 to other con this proposition was laid before it, I took some

sent obtained, leave to introduce a bill (S. No. sumers, with ten per cent. deducted, leaving the pains to ascertain what charge the proposed bill 365) in relation to pensions; which was read price to be paid by the Government $2 52, which would make. I did not know that the bill would

twice by its title, referred to the Committee on is now paid, and by other consumers $2 70. It be called up this morning. The bill under con

Pensions, and ordered to be printed.

Mr. WILSON, in pursuance of previous nois perfectly obvious that, with the present price sideration proposes to allow this company to of coal and the present price of labor, it is utterly charge the avernge price of gas in Annapolis, (s. No. 364) 10 increase the number of cadets in

tice, asked and obtained leave to introduce a bill impossible for this company to furnish the public Trenton, Albany, and Harrisburg. When the with gas at these rates. They are, as the com bill was first presented I was unable to ascertain

and to raise the standard of admission to the mittee were informed and believe, at this time act the price of gas in Trenton and Albany. I have

Military Academy; which was read twice by its ually losing a very large sum of money monthly. since that time ascertained il. I knew the price

litle, referred to the Committee on Military AfThey have not made a dividend for eighteen of gas in the other two cities. I find that in An

fairs and the Militia, and ordered to be printed. months, and they will not only make no dividends | napolis it is $4 50 per thousand feet; at Trenton,

OATII OF ALLEGIANCE. hereafter, at the present prices, but the committee $4; at Albany, $3 80; and at Harrisburg, $3 50.

Mr. HARLAN. I offer the following resoluwere satisfied they would be compelled to aban The average price, therefore, if we pass this bill,

tion, and ask for its consideration: don their works, and perhaps give them up to the would be $3 95 per thousand feet in the city of Government, and the Government will be com Washington. We now allow the gas company

Resolved, that the Committee on the District of Coluin

bia be instructed to inquire into the expediency and propelled to furnish its own gas, which we believe $2 80. Hence the passage of the bill will involve priety of requiring all residents of the District of Columbia could not be furnished at this time at a price less an increase of price of $1 15 per thousand feet. to take and file with the provost marshal of said District than six dollars per thousand. That is just exactly the bill that is now before

an oath of allegiance or fidelity to the United States simiNow, sir, this company presenttheir bills month the Senale.

lar to the oath required by law of members and Senators

in Congress and other officers of the Goverument, and also ly. They must present their bills at the com I have before me a statement of the price of the expedieney and propriety of prohibiting all persons mencement of the next month, and it no action gas in the various cities of the Union. Ii varies from doing business in said District or with the several is had now the subject must go over, and they very much. In a great many places the price is

Departments of the Government who have not or may not

take and file such oath; and that said committee have will be compelled by the Government to furnish higher than the proposed price here, and in a

leave to report by bill or otherwise. gas for another month at a losing rate. It does great many others it is a great deal lower. For not seem to me that that is just or right. instance, at Augusta, Maine, it is $5 15; at Port

Mr. HENDRICKS. I am not one of those As to the objection of the Senator from Ohio, land, $3 61; at Manchester, New Hampshire, $4;

who believe ibat the increase of oaths by citizens the committee would have preferred to fix a cer at Portsmouth, $4 46; at Boston, Massachusetts,

promotes either individual or public virtue, and tain rate of price; but they found it very difficult to $2 75; at Providence, Rhode Island, $4; al New

Lobject to the consideration of the resolution at

this time. do so in consequence of the fact that materials and port, $4 30; at Hartford, Connecticui, $3 80; at labor are constantly rising. It would be impos Burlington, Vermont, $6 50; at Buffalo, New

The PRESIDENT pro tempore. Objection sible for the committee to say what would now York, $3 50; at Syracuse, $4; at Troy, $3 80; at being made, it will lie over under the rule. and six months hence, and perhaps a year hence, Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, $1 60; at Wilmington,

LAND SALES IN KANSAS. be a fair price. It was therefore thought if we Delaware, $3 30; at Balumore, $3, &c. adopted as a criterion for the price, the price in The Senate will see at once what change this

Mr. LANE, of Kansas, submitted the followseveral cities wbere coal is twenty or thirty per bill will make if it should be passed. It willing resolution, which was considered by unanicent, cheaper always than here, as in Harrisburg, be an increase of $1 15 per thousand feet. I am

mous consent, and agreed to: Trenton, and Annapolis, that that would be a fair satisfied that if the prices I have rend be but a

Resolved, 'That the Secretary of the Interior be Instructed rate, and then there would be no occasion for this fair remuneration for furnishing gas in the other

to communicate to the Senate as to the quantity of land

which has been actually sold under the provisions of the company to come to Congress again and ask that cities of the Union, the price ought to be increased fourth and fitth articles of the trealy made by the United the limitation be removed. Still, if the Senate here. I do not know whether that remunera Siates with the Sac and Fox Indians of the Mississippi, prefer to fix a rate, of course the committee would tion is but a fair remuneration or not. That is

October 1, A. D. 1859, and ratified July 9, A. D. 186); the have no objection to it; but the reason why they

price per acre at whiclı said lands were sold; what opporfor the Senate to judge. Certainly the price of

tunity the people of Kansas have had to coinpete in the adopted this mode was that it seemed difficult at gas is as high as we propose to make it here in a

purchase of the saine; whether any bids are now on file in this time to fix a rate which would be just at a great many cities of the Union where coal and ile Interior Department for the purchase of any portions of future time as well as just now. labor can be furnished much more cheaply than

said lands; if we, then for what amount of land, and whether

at a price above or below the appraised value of suid lands; The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The question they can be in Washington. At other points, again,

iany of suid lands have been sold, what was received for js, Shall the bill be engrossed, and read a third it seems to me it is lower where it should be really them, money or scrip; if scrip, then what kind of scrip; if time?

higher than here. It is for the Senate to determ any bids for the purchase or any of said lands are now bcMr. HARLAN. I move that the further con ine the matter. I do not know much abont this

fore the Department, what is it proposed by the Departinent sideration of the bill be postponed until to-mor

to recrive in pay for lands on siid bids, money or serip; if subject, but before I consented to the reporting of

scrip, then what kind of scrip; was the land already sold The committee that have had this bill ul this bill I felt it to be my duty to look into the purchased by citizens of Kansas or speculators; and also


to communicate to the Senate any and all other information of thirty-live thousand prisoners, and the number adopt. I ask the Senate to take up my resolution the suid secretary of the Interior may have as to the sale of deaihs which have occurred ai Andersonville, and act upon it now. of said landa, and the probability of selling the same so as to pay therefrom the indebtedness of the said Indians.

through the inhumanity, the barbarism of the The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The Chair

rebel authorities, is thirteen thousand four hun understands objection to be made. TREATMENT OF PRISONERS OF WAR. dred and eighıy. When he was brought to the Mr. JOHNSON. I object. Mr. WILKINSON. I offer the following res

city of Charleston to be exchanged in company The PRESIDENT pro tempore. Ohjection is olution:

with Captain E. M. Lee, of the fifth Michigan still made. Whereas the Inrge number of officers and enlisted men cavalry

Mr. WILKINSON afterwards moved that the belonging to the armios of the United States who are now

The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The Senator resolution be referred to the Committee on Miliheld as pri: rs of war by our enemics are being treated will pause; it becomes the duty of the Chair to tary Affairs and the Militia, and the objection to in the most cruel and barbarous manner, deprived of neces. call up the special order of the day, being the un the consideration of the resolution being withsary foud and clothing, often lell exposed to the weather

finished business of yesterday, Senate joint resowithout fuci, blaukels, or clothing, or even a shelter over

drawn, the motion to refer was agreed to. them; and whereas from such inhuman treatinent throulution No. 82.

ARRISTS IN KENTUCKY. sands of our brave soldiers have died from starvation and Mr. WILSON. Letthat be passed over informunnecessary exposure, while thousands who survive are ally.

The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The special from their extreme :nifierings wholly unable to render surther service in the Army; and whereas every possible ef

The PRESIDENT pro tempore. It may be laid

order of the day, being the unfinished business of fort has been made by the Governancnt and people of the aside informally.

yesterday, will now be taken up. United States to induce the rebel authorities to pursue a Mr. WILKINSON. When he came to Charles

Mr. POWELL. I move to postpone all pendinore lumane poliy toward these prisoners and to relieve ton to be transferred to the receiving ship, the

ing and prior orders for the purpose of proceeding their sufferings, which tforts have been of no avail, while on the other land supplies of food and clothing which have City of New York, he came in company with

to the consideration of the resolution I offered yesbeen forwarded to them have seldom reached their desti Captain E. M. Lee, of the fifth Michigan cav terday calling for information as to the arrest and nation but have been appropriated in the use of the enemy, alry. The rebel steamer Celt came down the har imprisonment of Lieutenant Governor Jacobs and thus proving that the rebel authorities not only refused to bor, and while they were transferring the Union

Colonel Wolford of Kentucky. levd and clothe our soldier: themselves, but they refuse to let the Government or the people of the United States do

prisoners to the Union boat, the City of New Mr. WILSON. I hope that will not be done. 50: Therefore,

York, there were cleven dcad men: they were The question being put, a division was called Resolred, That in the opinion of Congress it would be either dead before they were carried over the plank

for. wise and proper for the Secretary of War to direct that the from one boat to another, or they died immedi

Mr. POWELL asked for the yeas and nays, rations, chuling, and supplies io be furnished to the rebel prisoners in our hands be limited in amount and kind ately after being laid upon the deck of the City of

and they were ordered. to those furnished by the rebel authorities to Union troops New York. A newspaper in the city of Colum Mr. CONNESS. What is the resolution? Let held by them as prisoners of war, and that they be treated bia, South Carolina, published an article about the it be read. in all respects as the Union prisoners are treated by the

time of the exchange of those prisoners, wherein The Secretary read the resolution submitted rebel authorities.

it boasted that the Union prisoners held by them yesterday by Mr. POWELL, as follows: I should like to have the resolution put upon which were sent North and exchanged would Resolred, That the President be requested to communiits passage this morning.

never render any more service for the cause of the cate to the Senate all information in his possession bearing Mr. JOHNSON. I object. Union and the cause of their country; and it also

on the arrest and imprisuninent of Colonel Richard T. Ja

cobs, Lieutenant Governor of the State of Kentucky, and The PRESIDENT pro tempore. Objection be stated that the prisoners which were held by the

Colonel Frank Wolford, one of the presidential electors of ing made, it must lie over.

United States and exchanged for those prisoners that State; particularly by whose order they were arrested Mr. WILKINSON. I wish to say a word or who had been physically destroyed, were in good

and imprisoned, where they are at present confined, and two in regard to the resolution. condition to enter the rebel service at once.

what offenses are charged against them. The PRESIDENT pro tempore. It can only I know that southern people have sometimes Mr. POWELL. I desire to say only a word. be done by unanimous consent of the Senate. made misrepresentations respecting our treatment I had not supposed that such a resolution as this

Mr. JOHNSON. I waive the objection. of prisoners from their armies, and hence, in ad would meet with opposition in the Senate of the

Mr. WILKINSON. It is well understood dition to the testimony of the editor of a South United States. li simply proposes an inquiry throughout the country, and has been for nearly Carolina paper, to which I have just referred, ii concerning the arrest and imprisonment of iwo two years, that the Union soldiers, officers and may be proper that I should quole a few lines citizens of the United States, boih of them well enlisted men, have been treated in the most bar from a work now before me which furnishes the known to be strong Union men. Both of them barous and inhuman manner by the rebel nuthor- | testimony of a well-known philanthropic lady: have served in the Army of the United States with ities. The Government of the United States, on Poini Lookout was still another post which liad been distinguished honor. Both of them have been the other hand, have not retaliated, but have en subjected to the rebel statement that the prisoners there more than once wounded in conflict at the front. deavored to get through supplies and medicines,

sutered from cruelty and negleet. Miss Dix, who visited
those very prisoners, sufficiently disposes of ihe slander.

They were both soldiers of distinguished ability. and the Sanitary Commission and the Christian She says: 'They were supplied with vegetables, with the

They were active friends of General McClellan nt Commission have been at work and have endeav best wheat bread, and fresh and salt mealthree times daily the last presidentialelection. Both canvassed the ored to alleviate or relieve the sufferings of our in abundant measure the full Government ration."

State of Kentucky to a considerable extent. Soon soldiers who are prisoners in the South. Through

“In the camp of about nine thousand rebel prisoner: there were but four hundred reported in the surgeon.


after the election, without any cause known to the negotiations of the Government every effort these one hundred were contined to their bed, thiriy were their friends, they were arrested, and without any has been made to induce the rebel authorities to very sick, and perhaps fifteen or twenty would never re trial, placed in prison. Colonel Wolford, I unpursue a different policy in regard to the treatcover.

derstand, is closely confined at Covington, Kenment of our soldiers, until it has become appa

“ The hospital food consisted of beef ica, beef soup, rice, milk punchi, milk, gruel, lemonade, stried fruits, hiet

tucky. It is not known where Lieutenant Govrent to my mind that their principal object is to srcak, vegetables, and mutton. White sugar was employed crnor Jacobs is. He seems to have been spirited reduce these men by sutrering, by starvation, by in cooking. The supplies were, in faci, more ample and away in some manner or other. I saw three days inhuman and barbarous treatment, to so low a abundant than in hospitals where our own men were under

ago a telegraphic dispatch to one of my colleagues, treatment. physical condition that it will be utterly impos

“The surgeons of the various hospitals, in several in

from the Governor of Kentucky, which said that sible for them hereafter ever lo enter into the ser stances, alluded to the excellent condition of the prisoners

Colonel Wolford was confined al Covington, and vice of the United States in the Army, while on when discharged and exchanged; and in the statement of that it was not known where Lieutenant Governor the other hand the Government of the United

Miss Dix wul be found n brief description of their appear Jacobs was.

ance when leaving the flag of-truce boat for their own States have been pursuing the course which all lines: “All were in vigorous health, equipped in clothes

This resolution simply asks the President by enlightened Christian nations pursuc in the treat furnished by the United States Government, many of them what authority they were arrested, and where ment of captives which are held by them as priswith blankets and haversacks!'"

they are. It strikes me that such a gross violaoners of war.

Now, Mr. President, this thing has gone too tion of all the rights of the citizen should not be The other night I met the assistant adjutant far. It may not be right for us to starve their men passed idly by in this body. I can see no possigeneral upon the staff of the brave and gallant | because they starve ours, for retaliation werely. ble objection io the passage of the resolution. If General Custer, who was taken prisoner in Sep I think the laws of war would jusiify a course of these gentlemen have committeil any crime, if tember last, and was taken to Columbia, South retaliation on the part of our Government; still, || they have been guilty of the violation of any law, Carolina, on the 7th day of October, 1864, and he perhaps the higher law of Christian civilization let ihem be brought before the legal tribunals and told me that fifteen hundred officers were placed would not justify it upon the ground of retaliation tried and punished. But that citizens, civilians, upon an area of five acres of ground one third of alone; but while we are exchanging these prison- for they are now both out of the Army, one of which was swamp, without any shelter;'that his crs and turning over ten thousand healthy men to them holding the second office in the gift of the coat, boots, blanket, and everyihing of that kind enter their armies at once to fight against the cause people of Kentucky, should be arrested without were taken from him, and they were placed in this of this Union, they are sending back in their warrant and without charge, and thrown into stockade without axes, without shovels, even places ten thousand men physically destroyed, ten prison, in my judgment is the grossest violation without anything to cook their rations or to pro Thousand men who can render no service to the of the rights of an American citizen; and we, at vide them the least sheller. For two weeks Union and to the cause of the country. There least, should pass a resolution asking the cause of they could not obtain an ax even to cut wood fore, in a double sense, the Government of the the arrest, and the charges upon which it was with which to cook their rations, and after that United States should teach these men that this made, and by whom it was done. We know that time six axes and some few shovels were distrib thing can go on no longer. For the purpose of they were nrrested by the military authorities uted among those fitteen hundred others, which preventing them from gaining an advantage over there, but for what they were arrested we are enabled them, by combining their efforts, to get a us in the field, and giving them the power of profoundly ignorant. little wood to cook their food, and by the use of the strengthening their armies, while ours are not I trust, sir, that Senators in favor of the Adminshovels to dig some holes in the dirt where they strengthened at all, and also for the purpose of istration will not longer think that they can procould lie in the night and be somewhat protected | protecting, as far as we are able to do, the brave mote the interest of their party and their country froin the October frost. He also stated that in the men who have been fighting for the cause of their by allowing the rights of citizens thus to be trammonths of July and August the deathis ut Anderson- country, I think that this course ought to be pled down. There is no man who can truthfully ville, for he was afterwards at Andersonville, from adopted, and that there should be no delay in re say that either Colonel Wolford or Lieutenant starvation and susturing were eight thousand out gard to the policy which this Government should Governor Jacobs is not loyal to the Consutuliun

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