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engaged in the military service of the United drafted, or desiring representative recruits for the military Senate had passed, without amendment, bills of States.

or naval service of the United Stalcs, shall be deemed a the following titles:

substitute broker under this act. Mr. KASSON. Mr. Chairman, in regard to

* An act (H. R. No. 705) for the relief of collectthis paragraph the question is reduced to a very

Mr. Chairman, in explanation I will only say ors and surveyors of customs in certain cases; and small compass. The Committee of Ways and that representative recruits are not furnished by An act (H. R. No. 517) to incorporate the Means has deemed it proper, finding an existing

men dratied, or liable to be drafted, but by per- National Union Insurance Company, of Washbusiness, to provide for a responsibility in that sons not liable to be drafted at all.

ington. business, and for such revenue as may come from

The amendment was adopted.

Also that the Senate had passed the bill (H. it. Touching the propriety of continuing the Mr. NELSON. I move to add the following R. No. 364) entitled "An act authorizing and rebusiness, the Committee of Ways and Means has proviso:

quiring the opening of Sixth street west," with deemed it proper to leave all such questions to Provided, That persons appointed in any State, county, an amendment in which they requested the conthe proper committee of the House-perhaps the city, and towii, or the officers thereof, to procure the enlist. currence of the House. Military Committee-which may report a bill to

ment of volunteers or substitutes for the quoia of such Also, that the Senate had passed bills of the

Suate, comty, city, or town, for the military service of the prohibit it altogether. If members intend that United States, shall not be considered substitute brokers.

following litles, in which they requested the conihe business shall continue, let the terms on which

currence of the House: the license will be given be such as are consistent

Mr. MORRILL. I have no objection to that

An act (S. No. 167) to incorporate an insurwith ils continuance. If they wish to prohibit

amendment. it, the whole section should be stricken out, and

Mr. JOHNSON, of Pennsylvania.

ance company in the city of Washington; I hope the

An act (s. No. 368) to incorporate the Sisters the Committee on Military Affairs should report || gentleman will include the word " district."

of Mercy in the District of Columbia; a bill prohibiting it entirely. I am satisfied inat

Mr. NELSON. I modify my amendment so An aci (S. No. 393) to authorize the corpora. the opinion of the committee is that this tax is as to provide for districts and townships.

tion of Georgetown to levy certain taxes; probably all that is consistent with the continu

The amendment, as inodified, was agreed to. An act (S. No. 421) to amend an act entitled ance of the business as such. Finding it existing Mr. KASSON. Mr. Chairman, I wish to say "An act to incorporate the Columbia Institution as a business in the community, they have pro- I think that the committee would act with too for the instruction of the deaf and dumb and the posed the highest tax consistent with its continu- much haste to strike out the entire section in an- blind,” approved February 16, 1857; and ance. If it is to be abolished, let an amendment ticipation of the action of the Military or other An act (S. No. 439) to change the name of Dorstriking out the section be adopted, with the un- Conimittee, and for this reason: as long as the sey Edwin William Towson, of Georgetown, in derstanding that the business shall be prohibited military law allows the procurement of substitutes the District of Columbia, to that of Dorsey Edby law, a suitable bill for that purpose emanating for personal military service, it is a great conven- win William Carter. from the proper committee. Thal, I understand, ience to people in a corporate as well as individ

TAX BILL-AGAIN. will meet the views of the Committee of Ways | ual capacity to permit some intermediate to make and Means. the proper negotiations for them. Il concen

The committee resumed its session; and the The amendment to the amendment was re- trates the business and facilitates its transaction. Clerk proceeded with the reading of the bill, and jected. As long as it is allowed to be done the furnish- continued it to the three hundred and sixty-fifth

line, when Mr. MORRILL. I offer, pro forma, an amending of substitutes—it is of some importance that

Mr. MORRILL moved that the committee rise. ment to the amendment, to make the amount of it should be put under proper regulations. If you license $150. strike out this provison entirely, and fail to pro

The motion was agreed to. I think, Mr. Chairman, that we have already vide for the proper military regulation of substi

So the committee rose; and the Speaker having had sufficient experience in the imposition of tute brokers, you are without revenue as well

resumed the chair, Mr. POMEROY reported that licenses as fines. In the case of lottery tickets, as without improvement of the evils known to

the Committee of the Whole on the state of the

Union had, according to order, had under considexist. this system resulted in yielding no revenue. It is well known to all of us that the business of

I ask whether it is not best that the committee

eration the state of the Union generally, and parsubstitute brokerage is carried on in all parts of I should pass this clause as it now stands, and await || ticularly the bill (H. R. No. 744) lo amend an act the country, and is extremely profitable.

entitled “An act to provide internal revenue to We

the action of the Military Committee and the action propose to obtain from that business all the reveof the House on the report of that committee as

support the Government, to pay interest on the nue that we think possible. The gentleman from

to whether the business should be entirely abol- l public debt, and for other purposes," approved New York (Mr. Davis] has shown to me an ished, or regulated by proper military law cover

June 30, 1864, and had come to no resolution

thereon. amendment which he intends to offer at some sub- ling the military aspect of the case. My own sequent period, and which proposes to obtain a opinion is that we should allow the continuance

PENSION BILL certain revenue upon every recruit that may be

of the business, and leave the Military Commit- Mr. WHALEY. I ask unanimous consent to offered by a substitute broker. It would, perhaps, tee to regulate that business, protect the Govern

report from the Committee on Invalid Pensions a be proper to adopt such an amendment. But so ment of the United States, the rights of substi

bill supplemental to the several acts relating to far as ihe license is concerned, I believe that $100

tutes, and the rights of citizens equally touching | pensions, that the same may be printed and reis all that we can reasonably expect. I hope the this entire subject. I think that we ought not to

committed to the committee, with leave to report amount will not be increased. strike the paragraph out until we know what is

at any time. I withdraw the amendment to the amendment. the conclusion of the other committee on the sub

Mr. SCHENCK. I object to giving the comMr. GARFIELD. Mr. Chairman, I believe

ject. I think it safer to pass it as it is, and send mittee any authority to report back the billatany

it to the Senate, and in the mean time we will get that this House is ready to coöperate with the

time. a report from the Military Commitiee in refermembers of the Committee on Military Affairs in

Mr. WHALEY. This session is drawing rapence to the proper law on the whole subject of || idly to a close, and it is important that the penthe passage of a measure which will sweep away substitute brokers. almost entirely this business of substitute broker

sion law should be amended. I only ask that it

Mr. MORRILL. I think that the amendment age. I may mention that that committee have

may be reported, printed, and recommitted, with already introduced a bill on this subject, which, || All) was adopted under a mistake, and I move,

of the gentleman from Pennsylvania (Mr. BROOM- the privilege to the committee to report it back at I believe, is next in order after the reconstruction

any time, so that it may become a law before the by unanimous consent, that it be stricken out. bill. It provides that all substitutes shall be cred

session expires. ited to the town or district in which they reside. Mr. BROOMALL. I consent to that.

Mr. SCHENCK. My objection goes only to

There was no objection, and the amendment The adoption of such a provision would, I be

the leave to report the bill back at any time. was stricken out. lieve, break up the business of the substitute

That would be equivalent to making it a special brokers.

Mr. DAVIS, of New York. I move to add order, and I know no reason why one committee i hope, therefore, that this amendment will be the following:

should have that privilege over another. voted down, and that I may have an opportunity Anil provided further, That such person or agent shall

The SPEAKER. The Chair would state that to offer an amendment to strike out the whole

receive no compensation except such as is given by suchi this is partly a private and partly a public bill.

State, county, district, city, or town. clause; for I dislike to see upon our statute-books

Would there be objection to allowing it to be

Mr. STILES moved that the committee rise. anything that seems to give a kind of counte

printed and recommitted, with the privilege of

Mr. MORRILL. Let us get through another nance to so nefarious a business.

reporting it back on the next private bill day? The amendment was rejected. paragraph.

Mr.SCHENCK. I have no objection to that. Mr. STILES. | withdraw my motion.

Mr. HOLMAN. I suggest that it be printed Mr. DAVIS, of New York. I move to amend

Mr. COBB. I move to amend by adding at the and recommitted. by adding after the word “license,” in the two

end of the fifty-first clause, line three hundred No objection being made, the bill was received, hundred and forty-ninth line, the following words: and fifty-four, the following:

ordered to be printed, and recommitted lo the And in addition thereto, ten dollars for eaclı substitute

Provided, That every substitute broker shall, upon con. committee. procured by bim and actually mustered into the military

viction thereof, be confined at hard labor at the Dry Tor- Mr. HOLMAN. I move that the vote by service of the United States. tugas, or Rip Raps, for three years or during the war.

which the bill was recommitted be reconsidered. The amendment was agreed to.

Mr. MORRILL. I raise a point of order upon Mr. ROLLINS, of New Hampshire. I move Mr. GARFIELD. I move to strike out the that amendment.

that the flopse do now adjourn. entire paragraph.

The CHAIRMAN. The Chair decides that Mr. SCHENCK. I move to lay the motion Mr. BROOMALL. I move to amend the ori. the amendment is out of order.

to reconsider on the table. ginal text in line two hundred and fifty-two, after The question was put upon the motion of Mr. The SPEAKER. That motion is not in order The word “drafted,” to insert the words “or de- Garfield to strike out; and it was not agreed to. pending a motion to adjourn. The motion 10 siring representative recruits;" so that it will read:

reconsider will be entered.

MESSAGE FROM THE SENATE. 51. Substitute brokers shall pay $100 for each and every The committee informally rose, and the House

ENROLLED BILL SIGNED. licenxe. Every person who shall firnish, or offer to turmish, for pay, tee, or rewaril, volunteers, representative

received a message from the Senate, by Mr. Mr. COBB, by unanimous consent, from the recruits, or substituies for meu drafted, or liable to be ll Hickey, one of their clerks, announcing that the Committee on Enrolled Bills, reported that the

STEAMSHIP LINE TO CHINA.

committee had examined and found truly en- Mr. GRIMES presented a petition of officers in case of its being underlet or assigned to any other rolled a bill for the relief of the heirs of Almon the Navy praying compensation for clothing lost party. D. Fisk, deceased; when the Speaker signed the on board of vessels destroyed, of which they were The Committee on Post Offices and Post Roads same. part of the ship’s complement; which was referred

reported two amendments to the bill. The first The motion to adjourn was agreed to. to the Committee on Naval Affairs.

amendment was in line twelve, section one, 10 The House accordingly (at four o'clock and Mr. HARLAN presented resolutions of the strike out "two" and insert "three," so as to forty minutes, p. m.) adjourned.

Legislative Assembly of the Territory of Ne- read, “ steamships, to be of not less than three
braska in favor of the payment of the Nebraska thousand tons burden."

miliun while actually employed in the service of The amendment was agreed to.
IN SENATE.
the Government in repelling hostile Indians and

The next amendment was in line four of sec-
Monday, February 13, 1865.
guarding the United States mail and Pacific tele-

tion two, to strike out " September, 1866," and Prayer by Rev. Thomas Bowman, D.D., Chap-graph, and protecting the border settlers; which

insert" January, 1867," so as to read," shall go lain to the Senate. were referred to the Comunittee on Military Affairs

into effect on or before the 1st day of January, On motion of Mr. FOOT, and by unanimous and the Militia, and ordered to be printed.

1867." consent, the reading of the Journal of Saturday

Mr. SUMNER. I present a memorial from the
Boston Board of Trade, signed by their president

The amendment was agreed to. was dispensed with.

The bill was reported to the Senate as amended, and secretary, in which they say that they have NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES. heard with great satisfaction of the passage by

and the amendments were concurred in. The PRESIDENT pro tempore laid before the the House of Representatives of a bill for the

Mr. HALE. Will somebody be so good as to Senate the report of ine National Academy of

construction of a ship-canal around the falls of state what the annual expense of this line will be ? Sciences for the year 1864, which was ordered | Niagara, and they earnestly hope the Senate will Mr. COLLAMER. The provision of the bill to be printed; and a motion of Mr. Wilson 10 concur with the House in sanctioning and pro

is that it shall not exceed $500,000. print five hundred additional copies for the use viding for this public work. I understand that

Mr. HALE. How much do the committee of the Academy was referred to the Committee

bill has been referred to the Committee on Mili- expect will be realized from postages on this line? on Prinung. tary Affairs. I move that this memorial be re

Mr. COLLAMER. They do not expect any ferred to the same committee.

very large sum at present. The contract is not. PETITIONS AND MEMORIALS. Mr. MORRILL. I suggest, as that does not

to go into effect until 1867 at any rate; so that Mr. JOHNSON presented a memorial of mer- seem to be a military matter, whether it should go there is no present outlay. The bill merely inchants, mechanics, and manufacturers of Balti- to that committee.

vites proposals to set up a line of steamers of not more, remonstrating against the pussage of the Mr. SUMNER. The Senator understands there less than three thousand tons burden, and it will bankrupt bill; which was ordered to lie on the is a bill on the subject which is before the Com- take till 1867 to do it; the parties will have to build table. mittee on Military Affairs, and I move that this

the steamers in the mean time. The amendment He also presented the petition of William H. memorial be referred to the same committee.

of the committee requires the ships to be at least Watkins, late captain company K, Purnell le- The motion was agreed to.

three thousand tons burden, and I will state the gion, Maryland volunteers, asking for pay due

reason for that. That is not as large as the him as such from October 25, 1864, to January

steamers the Pacific Mail Steamship Company 5, 1865; which was referred to the Committee on Mr. CONNESS. I move to postpone all prior

now have on that ocenn. If small steamers are Claims. orders and to take up the bill (S. No. 407) to

used, they will just about carry their own fuel, He also presented the memorial of Andrew J. authorize the establishment of ocean mail steam

and their commercial capacity will amount to but Wilcox, praying for certain amendments to the ship service between the United States and China. a trifle, and the momeni the subsidy of the GovConstitution of the United States with a view to The motion was agreed to.

ernment runs out they will fall, whereas if large the settlement of our unhappy difficulties; which Il proposes to authorize the Postmaster Gen- stenmers are used so that they can carry some was referred to the Committee on Military Affairs eral io invite proposals by public advertisement,

fifteen hundred tons of commercial burden beside and the Militia. for the period of sixty days, in one or more news

their fuel, the line may, when the subsidy exMr. WILSON presented the memorial of the papers published in the cities of Washington, | pires, at the end of ven years, be able to sustain Boston Board of Trade, praying for the passage New York, Philadelphia, Boston, and San Fran- | itself. of the bill for the construction of a shiip-canal cisco, respectively, for mail steamship service be- A bill for this purpose was passed by the Senaround the falls of Niagarn; which was referred tween the port of San Francisco, in the United ate three years ago by a very strong vote. It was to the Committee on Military Affairs and the States, and some port or ports in the Chinese em- at that time moved by Senator Latham, of CaliMilitia.

pire, touching at Honolulu, in the Sandwich Isl- fornia, and sustained by a very decisive vote in He also presented the petition of Mary How- ands, and one or more poris in Japan, by means this body. This is a renewal of the same propoard Schoolcraft, praying payment for services of a monthly line of first-class American sea-going sition, but on a less expensive scale. There is rendered by her husband in superintending the steamships, to be of not less than two thousand one part of the world which British enterprise collection and publication of statistics of Indian tons burden each, and of sufficient number to per- has not yet covered with subsidized mail steamtribes; which was referred to the Committee on form twelve round trips per annum, and to con- ship lines, and that is the trade across the Pacific Claims.

tract with the lowest responsible bidder for the ocean. They have a line down the west coast of Mr. LANE, of Kansas, presented resolutions service for a term of not more than ten years, to South America, but they have none across the of the Legislature of Kansas in favor of indemni- commence from the day the first steamship of the ocean commanding the commerce between the fying the citizens of that State who suffered loss proposed line shall depart from the port of San continents. It is, I believe, almost the only track by reason of Sterling Price's raid in that State in Francisco with the mails for China. No bid is that is left in this world of which we can avail October, 1864, and for damages sustained by acts to be considered which shall amount to more than ourselves without competition, and unless we atof our own Army; which were referred to the $500,000 for the twelve round trips per annum, tend to this at once they will soon, in all probCommittee on Military Affairs and the Milicia, nor unless it is from a citizen or citizens of the ability, possess themselves of this, and American and ordered to be printed.

United States, and accompanied by an offer of enterprise and American commerce must entirely Mr. HENDRICKS presented the petition of good and sufficient sureties (also citizens of the succumb. I cannot occupy at present the attention J. W. Gordon, late major eleventh United States United States) for the faithful performance of the

of the Senate with the labies I have before me, infantry, praying that the proper accounting offi

showing the present commerce on the Pacific, cers of the Treasury may be authorized to credit The second section provides that any contract but if gentlemen will look at them they will find him for payments of bounty to enlisted men; which the Postmaster General may execute, under them very interesting; and this commerce will be which was referred to the Committee on Claims. the authority of the act, shall go into effeci on or very much increased if we get our railroad made

Mr. LANE, of Indiana, presented a petition before the 1st day of September, 1866, and shall, to the Pacific, and in the mean time secure some of citizens of Indiana and Illinois, praying for in addition to the usual stipulations of ocean mail measure of communication across the Pacific the establishment of a nail route from Newport, steamship contracts, provide that the steamships ocean between the two continents, making that Vermillion county, Indiana, to Ridge Farm, Ver- accepted for the service shall be constructed of trade subsidiary to our enterprise and our interest. million county, Illinois; which was referred io the the best material and after approved models, with The door is now open to effect it. If we do not Committee on Post Offices and Post Roads, all the modern improvements adapted to sea-going | do it soon, we lose it forever. I do not think it

Mr. DIXON presented a petition of colored steamships of the first class, and shall be subject worth while to take up the time of the Senate by persons in the city of Washington, District of to inspection and survey by an experienced naval saying anything more on the subject now. Columbia, praying for a charter under the name constructor, to be detailed for that purpose by the Mr. HALE. As I read this bill, the Senator of the Colored Benevolent Association of Wash- Secretary of the Navy, whose report shall be made from Vermont is mistaken in saying that it does ington city; which was referred to the Committee to the Postmaster General.. The Government of not go into immediate operation and effect. The on the District of Columbia.

the United States is to be entitled to have trans- second section, as I read it, is that any contract Mr. MORGAN presented the petition of book- || ported, free ofexpense, on each and every steamer,

which the Postmaster General may execute under sellers and newspaper publishers of Buffalo, New a mail agent, to take charge of and arrange the the authority of this act, shall go into effect on or York, praying for the repeal of the import duty | mail matier, to whom suitable accommodation for || before the 1st day of September, 1866. on chemicals, feluings, wire-cloths, and other arti- that purpose shall be assigned. In case of failure Mr. COLLAMER. The contract is to take cles used in the manufacture of paper, and also from any cause to perform any of the regular effect, but the pay is not to commence until the the abolition of the excise tax; which was referred || monthly voyages stipulated for in the contract, steamers are actually built and running on the to the Committee on Finance.

a pro rata deduction is to be made from the com ocean. They have got to build them, and it will He also presented a petition of merchants and pensation on account of such omitted voyage or take two years to build them. citizens of ihe city of New York, praying for the voyages; and suitable fines and penalties may be Mr. HALE. Where is that provision? They passage of the bill to establish a uniform system of imposed for delays and irregularities in the per- may be bought and put in operation to-morrow. bankruptcy throughout the United States; which formance of the service, and the Postmaster Gen- Mr. COLLAMER. There are not any in was ordered to lie on the table.

eral is to determine the contract at any time in ll America to buy. They have no other resource

contract.

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but to build them. There are no ocean steamers of three thousand tons burden in the country, except those of the Pacific Mail Steamship Company, that run from Panama up to California.

Mr. HALE. I hate to oppose this measure, particularly as it comes from California

Mr. CONNESS. Will the Senator allow me, in a single word, to give him some information on the point he is now discussing?

Mr. HALE. Yes, sir.

Mr. CONNESS. The object in sceking to pass this bill now is that capitalists may engage in the enterprise, and lay the keels of ships of a certain magnitude and convage, vessels that will carry at least from fifteen hundred to two thousand tons of freight as merchandise, and at the same time be able to carry sufficient suel to last during the entire voyage. There are no vessels afloat at the present time able to do that. Even the great ships that are owned and run between Panama and San Francisco, a distance of thirtytwo hundred and fifty miles or more, by the Pucific Mail Sieamship Company, could not perform the service. The purpose of putting the tonnage at the rate inseried in this bill is to ex·clude from the service all inferior vessels now

used as transport ships and chartered vessels by the Government, and to secure, in all respects, a first-class line of steamships. If this encouragement is offered, capitalists stand ready to engage in building the finest ships that were ever yet put afloat by our country, lo enter upon this service. li is not expected that they will be able to enter upon the execution of the contract the Postmasler General is authorized by this bill to advertise for before the time siuted, the 1st of January, 1867.

I make this explanation and suggestion to the Senator that he may understand the magnitude of the enterprise, and what is earnestly desired and contemplated by the merchants who are prepared to enter upon this service. I can add nothing to what the chairman of the Committee on Post Offices and Post Road has briefly stated, and what he is further authorized and prepared to state from the data in luis possession, without consuming unnecessarily the time of the Senate, but to say that it is of the first consequence to our country, to its commerce, to its nationaliiy if you please, to its dignity, lo its power, and to its best inierests, that we at once enable our people to grasp this great commerce and to connect it with the contemplated and now building Pacific railroad. The schedule of time now required between London and China is some sixty-two days. It is proposed to make the time by this route, not only between our country and China, but between China and London, by this route over our country, at the outside filiy days, and thus give us an advantage that they never can reach, nor be able to cope with us. · Thope the Senator will see in this, not simply a demand upon the Treasury, for it is very mod. erate in that respect, but a proposition having a scope as wide as our country, and contemplating an interest as deep as any connected with it al the present time.

Mr. HALE. I am sorry to feel obliged to say a single word against this measure, and particularly as it comes from California.

The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The Chair is obliged to interrupt the Senator from New Hampshire to call up ihe special order of the day at this hour, being the report of the committee of conference on the bill (H. R. No.51) to establishi a Bureau of Freedmen's Affairs.

Mr. CONNESS. I ask the Senator from Mag. sachusetts to agree to let that lie over for a few moments. I suppose we shall soon be able to get a vote on this bill.

Mr. HALE. I will not speak three minutes.

Mr. SUMNER. I will let it lie over informally for a short time.

The PRESIDENT pro tempore. That course will be taken, if there be no objection.

Mr. HALE. I was about io say that I was sorry that I feel compelled to vote against ibis measure, particularly as it comes from California, as it has been intimated that do not vote liberal appropriations for that portion of the country. Sir, I do not know any part of this country for which I would vote appropriations sooner than I would for any other portion, and certainly no portion of the country could appeal to my feelings with more

power than California; but I have the same objec. | do not as a nation appropriate money to keep our iion to this bill that compelled me to vote agaunst vessels afloat, we have to run a race in this respect the little nothing" of $160,000 for the Library, with the other nations of the world. I do not which was opposed by me on Saturday. The i think such was the intention in the establishment objectiorf applies with equal force to this other of this Government;and although I believe it right "little nothing" of $500,000. If we go on and and proper, and that we have ample authority lo make these appropriations of $160,000 and $500,- | appropriate money to carry the mails, wherever 000, and God only knows whai, the question will. there is any correspondence to be carried, I have then be, not have we any commerce, but have never believed in the authority of Congress, under we a country? I think the first we should con- a pretense of carrying the mails, to build vessels sider is the war and the debts of the war, and we and estublish lines of steamers costing the Gov. should not go launching out in any of these ernment millions and millions of dollars, many schemes. I think favorably of this scheme. I more times what it would cost to hire somebody appreciate with great force the suggestions made to carry the mails. by the Senator from California; and when the I shall vote against this measure; and I am glad war is over I should be willing to engage in this that the yeas and nays have been called upon it. thing, and I should be willing to pass the bill with I voted against a similar proposition at the last an amendment that the contract should not be session of Congress. I have never voted for the entered upon as long as there was anything due establishment of one of these ocean lines of steamto our soldiers. I will not occupy time, but sim- ers. We tried it some years ago with what was ply ask for the yeas and nays on the passage of known as the Collins line. We kept up that line the bill.

at a vast expense for several years, and finally The yeas and nays were ordered.

abandoned it, I believe to the satisfuction of Mr. TRUMBULL. I was struck with the fact, Congress, and the great satisfaction of the people in the remarks of the Senators who were advo

of the country: cating the passage of this bill, that neither the Mr. COLLAMER rose. chairman of the Commitiee on Post Offices and Mr. SUMNER. If this debate is to go on, I Post Roads, nor the genileman from California must call for the special order. I gave way. cacy of the bill about the object for which it is on more than a moment longer. I shall have brought before the Senate, namely, to establish nothing further to say on the suliject. I leave mail steamship service between the United States the explanation to be made in a few words by and China for the purpose of carrying the mails. the chairman of the committce, and then we can Not a word was said by them about carrying the come to a vote on the subject. mails. It is manifestly a bill to build up a steam- Mr. COLLAMER. Perhaps we might as well slip compuny; and it is placed upon the ground let the vote be taken withoui saying anything which was assumed by the Senator from Ver- further. mont, and which had the approbation of the Sen- Mr. CONNESS. I am perfectly willing to let ate and of Congress, I believe, at the last session, the vote be taken, and leave the measure to be and I suppose will have the approbation of both decided by the Senate on its meriis. Houses at this session, that beruuse Great Britain The bill was ordered to be engrossed for a third has thought proper to establish certain lines of reading, and was read the third time. ocean steamships therefore the United States must The PRESIDENT pro tempore. On the pagdo it.

sage of the bill the yeas and nays have been orNow, sir, if it were a new question I should dered. like to know by what authority this is proposed The question being taken by yeas and nays, to be done. 'l'he Senator from Massachusetts resulted-yeas 25, nays 11; as follows: (Mr. Wilson) the other day submitted a propo- YEAS-Messrs. Anthony. Brown, Chandler, Clark, Cola sition in some shape that the Government of ine Jamer, Conness, Dixon, Dooliule, Farwell, Foot, Poslit, United States should go into the manufacturing

Harris, Henderson, Howard, Lane of Kiusas, Morgan, business, and should manufacture the cloth that

Nesmiti, Nye, Pomeroy, Ramsey, Stewart, Sumner,

Wade, Wilkinson, and Wils01--25. was needed for the Army; and now, under the NAYS-Messrs. Cowan, Davis, Grimes, Hale, Harlan, idea of carrying the mails between this country

Hendricks, Powell, Riddle, Sherman, Ten Eyck, and and Japan, or some islands in the eastern Archi

Trumbull-11. pelago, we are to build vessels of large tonnage.

ABSENT-Messrs. Buckalew, Carlile, Harding: Hicks,

Howe, Johnson, Line of Indiana, Me Doug ill, Morrill, I suppose.it would take large vessels to carry the Richard-01, Saulsbury, Sprague, Van Winkle, Willey, mails between the two countries! There are large and Wriglil-15. seas to be traversed, and I presume it would take So the bill was passed. vessels of large capacity to carry the correspond

BILL RECOMMITTED. ence that lakes place between the semi-barbarous people inhabiting the eastern countries and the On motion of Mr. MORRILL, the bill (S. No. people of the United States !

311) for the relief of W. H. & C. S. Duncan was Everything is being thrown into this vortex;

recommitted to the Committee on Claims. the Federal Government is about to do everything.

FREEDMEN'S BUREAU. During these times of war, I know (and I regret that it is so) that the Federal Government has

The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The special had to assume vast powers, drawing to itself all

order for half past twelve o'clock, which was the powers ever exercised by any Government;

laid aside inforinally, is the report of the comand we are seiling the example, not only in re

mittee of conference on the disagreeing votes of gard to military mallers, bul, under the name, or

the two Houses on the bill (H. R. No. 51) 10 under the pretense, of carrying the mails between

establish a Bureau of Freedmen's Affairs. some far-off country and ihis country, the funds

The report was read, as follows: and the moneys of the people are to be taken to The committee of conference on the disagreeing votes build vessels. That is what this measure is for;

of the two llouses on the bill (II. R. No. 31) entitled “ Au

act to establish a Bureau of Freedmen's Affairs,'' having and yet not one word is said, in arguing the ne- met, after full and free conference have agreed to reconcessity for the establishment of this line, as to the mnend to their respective llouses as follows: amount of correspondence that takes place be

That the Senate recede from their amendment to the tween these countries.

said bill, and the committee agree to the following as a It is simply an undertak

substitute: ing of the Government of the United States to establish steamship lines for commercial pur.

An Act to establishi a Department of Freedmen and Aban

doned Lauds. poses. I am sorry to see such bills introduced

Be il enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives and passed. I should be very glad to see a line of the United States of America in Congress asseinbled, That of ocean steamers between San Francisco and there is hereby established at the seat of Governinent of China or Japan; but I do not know what author. the United States a Departinent of Freedmen and Abanity the Government of the United States has to

doned Lands, whose object shall be the good of the freed

men and the administration of lands and other property establish that line of steamers, any more than it falling to the national Government in the rebel States not has to lax the people of the country and appro- herrloore appropriated to other uses. And this Departpriate money for sailing-vessels between the same inent shall be under the care of a Commissioner, who shall

be appointed by the President, by nud with the advice and ports, or between any other ports. If we embark

consent of the Senate, with an annual salary of $1,000. in this species of legislation, and undertake to Sec. 2. Anul be il further enacted, That the Commissioner manufacture goods in order to compete with Great of Freedinen and Abandoned Lands shall appoint a chief Britain, lest she should manufacture more cheaply

clerk, with an annual salary of $2,000, who shall act as than we can; or, as the Senator from Vermont will

distursing officer, and who in all cases during the neces

sary absence of the Commissioner, or when the principal have it, we shall be driven from the ocean if we office shall become vacant, shall perform the duties of Com

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missioner; and also such number of clerks, not exceeding any military officer inay be appointed under this act with- was no objection, I think, certainly none that was two of each class, as shall be necessary. And the Cominis- out increase of salary.

sustained, in the report of the conference commitsioner and all persons appointed under this act shall, before SEC. 11. And be it further enacted, That the Commis

lee on the confiscation bill. I trust that there will entering upon their duties, take the oath of office prescribed sioner sliall, before the commencement of each regular in an act entitled " An act to prescribe an oath of office and session of Congress, make full report of his proceedings, be no opposition to this most important, and, as I for other purposes," approved July 2, 1802. And the Com- with exhibits of the sale of his accounts, to the President, solemnly believe, most beneficent measure. But missioner and the chief clerk shall, before entering upon wlio shall communicate the same to Congress, and shall

I shall be happy to make any explanation with their duties give bonds to the Treasurer of the United States, also make speeial reports whenever required to do so by the former in the sum of $100,000 and the latter in the sum the President or either House of Congress. And the assist

| regard to it. of 810,000, conditioned for the faithful discharge of their ant commissioners shall make quarterly reports of their pro- Senators have not forgotten the bill to create a duties respectively, with securities to be approved as sufli- ceedings to the Commissioner, and also such other special Bureau of Freedmen, which, after careful debate cient by the Attorney General; which bonds shall be filed reports as from time to time may be required. Andit shall in the office of the First Comptroller of the Treasury, to be

for several days, was passed by the Senate at the be the duty of all officers, civil and military, charged with by him put in suit for the benefit of any injured party upon the execution of any law, proclamation, or military order

close of the last session as a substilute for a House any breach of the conditions thereof.

of emancipation, or in any way concerning treedmen not bill on the same subject. For some time the difSec. 3. And he il further enacted, That the Commissioner mustered into or regularly engaged in the military service, ference between the two Houses has been under the shall, under the direction of the President, create districts to make return to the Commissioner of all their proceedof freedmen and abandoned lands within the rebel States, ings in execution thereof, under such regulations as shall

consideration of a conference committee, whose not lo exceed two in each State, so far as the same may be from time to time be prescribed.

report is now before youe This report embodies brought under the inilitary power of the United States; and Sec. 12. And be it further enacted, That all assistant com- substantially the Senate bill, including various each district shall be under the supervision of an assistant missioners, locat superintendents, and clerks, as well as propositions moved by different Senators; among Commissioner, with an annual saliry of $2,500, under bond supervising special agents, shall be so far deemed to be in as required for the chief clerk, to be appointed by the Pres- the military service of the United States as to be liable to

others the proposition relating to the forfeiture of ident of the United States, with the advice and consent of trial by courts-martial or military commissions, to be or

estates, moved by the Senator from Illinois, (Mr. the Senate, and with authority to appoint local superin- dered by the copmanding general of the military depart- TRUMBULL;] thai relating to the care of freedmen tendents and clerks, so far as the saine may be needed, not, ment within which they act as such assistant coninisHowever, inore than four in cach district, each of whom

unemployed on the lands, moved by the Senator sioners, local superintendents, clerks, or supervising special shall have an annual compensation not exceeding $1,500. agents. And for all offenses amounting to a felony; for any

from West Virginia, (Mr. Willey;] and that Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That the Cominíssioner act of embezzlement or willful imisappropriation of public relating to trials by courts-martial, moved by the shall have the general superintendence of all freedmen or private property; for any w lllulactot oppression of any Senator from Wisconsin, (Mr. Doolittle.] All throughout the several districts, and he shall watch over freedman, or of any loyal inliabitant; for any act of taking of the Senate bill, in substance, and generally in the execution of all laws, proclamations, and military or- or receiving, directly or indirectly, any money or thing of ders of emancipation, or in any way concerning freedmen; value on account of any act done or omitted by then in

language, is preserved, with one single exception. and he shall establish regulations from time to time, aw their official capacity, or for being in any manner interested

By the Senate bill a bureau was created in the cause the same to be entorced for their needful and judi- in any purchase of cotton, tobacco, sugar, or any other ar. Treasury. The committee of the two Houses cious treatment, protecting them in the enjoyment of their ticle produced upon any lands Jeased or worked under the rights, promoting their welfare, and securing to them and

unite in recommending a separate Departmeni, provisions of this act, or for any other willful violation of their posterity the blessings of liberty. And every such ileir otlicial duties, upon conviction lliereof, shall be sub

holding directly under the President, and therefreedman shall be treated in all respicis as a freeman, with ject to punishment by tine not exceeding $10.000, or im- fore free from ihe control of either the Treasury all proper remedies il courts of justice, and no power or prisonment at hard labor for a period not exceeding five or the War. control shall be exercised with regard to him except in con- years, or by both such fine and imprisonment. formity with law. Sec. 13. And be il further enacted, That the last clause

In point of fact, the only substantial difference Sec.5. Anul be it further enacted, that the assistant com- of a joint resolution explanatory of . An art to suppress

between the two Houses was on the place where missioners, under inc direction of the Commissioner and insurrection, tu punish treason and rebellion, to seize and the bureau should be. Each was for a bureau; within their respective districts, shall take possession of all confiscate the property of rebel, and other purposes,” but one was for it in the Treasury and the other abandoned real estate belonging to disloyal persons, and all approved July 17, 1862, be, and the same is hereby, rerealestate to which the United States have lille, or of which pealed.

was for it in the Department of War; and there the United States have possession, and not already appro- Sec. 14. And be it further enacted, That all acts and were strong arguments in favor of each. There priated to Government uses, and all property found on and parts of acts inconsistent with the provisions of this act are were also strong feelings expressed against each. belonging to such estate, and shall rint or lease such real hereby repealed.

Sometimes it was compendiously said that the estate or any portion thereot' lo freedmen, or permit the

THOMAS D. ELIOT, same to be cultivated, used, or occupied by them on such

WILLIAM D. KELLEY,

freedmen could not be trusted 10 " the harpies of Terms and under sucli regulations as the assistant commis

Managers on the part of the House. the Treasury," and then again it was said, with sioner and such freedmen may agree; and if the lands with

CHARLES SUMNER, equal point, that they could not be trusted 10 "the the property atoresiid shall not be required for the freed.

J. M. HOWARD,

blood-bounds of the War.” These were the exmen, then they shall rent or lease the same to other persons

Managers on the part of the Senate. on such terms and under such regulations as shall be mu

aggerations of opposite opinions; but they serve tually agreed upou, and no freedman shall be employed on

Mr. DAVIS. I will state several objections to disclose the irreconcilable discord on the subany estate above mentioned otherwise than according to that I have to the adoption of this report. The ject. In attempting to avoid Scylla we were carvoluntary contract reduced to writing and certified by the

first is to the reception of the report itself. It ried to Charybdis. assistant commissioner or local superintendent: Provided, That no lease, permission to occupy, or contract, shall be begins in these words:

If the freedmen could have been provided for for a longer period than one year, and all papers required That the Senate recede from their amendment to the without reference to the lands, the question would or authorized by this act shall remain valid and effectual said bill, and the committee agree to the following as a have been relieved from much of its embarrassalillough no revenue stamp is attached thereto. But noth- substitute.

ment. But it was the conviction of the commit. ing herein contained shall be conswued to prevent the due execution of process against the real estate or property

According to parliamentary law and the rules tee, in wbich they were sustained by all most above named issued in due course of law from any court of this House, I think the proposition is true that familiar with the matter, that the care of the freedof coinpetent jurisdiction; but the possession of such real a committee of conference cannot decide any ques- men and the care of the abandoned lands ought estate or property by any purchaser thereof at a judicial

tions whatever except those that are in issue be- to be in the same hands, and that they could not sale shall be postponed until the terinination of any out. Ftanding contract duly made and executed under the pro

tween the two Houses and upon which they have be separated without exposing the freedmen to Visions of this act.

disagreed. This question was made formally some all the mischiefs of two conflicting jurisdictions. Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That the assistant com- two years ago, and the Senate then solemnly ad- But the War Office was not adapted to manage missioners and local superintendents shall, as advisory || judged in favor of the proposition which I have the lands, as many insisted that the Treasury was guardians, and the freedunen in the adjustment of their wages, or in the application of their labor; that they shall

laid down, if I remember right. I had hoped that not adapted to manage the freedmen. take care that the freedmen do not suffer from ill-treatinent

the honorable Senator from Massachusetts whose There was another consideration which was not or any failure of contract on the part of others; that they name is signed to this report (Mr. SUMNER] without influence. It was felt that each of these shullilo what they can as arbitrators to reconcile and sellie

would have explained to the Senate the points and great Departments of the Government was already any differences in which freedmen may be involved with

matters outside of the issues between the two each other or with other persons; and, in case such dir.

so severely burdened, so weighed down with ferences are carried before any tribunal, civil or military,

Houses that are introduced into this t:!l. I should manifold duties, that it was hardly in condition they sliall appear as next friends of the freedmen, so far as like the honorable Senator to make that expla- to assume a new trust, so grave and onerous us to see that the case is fairly stated and heard. And in all

nation before I proceed further in my remarks, if that now under consideration. suchi proceedings there shall be no disability or exclusion on account of color. it is agreeable to him.

For such reasons, sir, and yielding to such inSec. 7. And be it further enacted, That leases heretofore

Mr. SUMNER. Very well, I can do so now. fluences, the commillee, after most careful and made by the supervising special agents of the Treasury De- Mr. President, the Senator from Kentucky (Mr. conscientious deliberation, determined to recompartment, under the authority of the General Order, thirce Davis) raises a question of form, or raiher of mend a new Department, not unlike that of agrihundred and thirty-onc, of the Secretary of War, dated October 9, 1863, and in accordance with the regulations of the

order. He suggests that the committee have erred culture, which should not be subject cither to the Treasury Department, shall bave the same effect as if made

in reporting a new bill. The Senator is mistaken. Treasury or to the War. It was felt that in doby assistant cominissioners under this act; but sucii lease This was done in the case of the difference be- ing this they were doing the best for the cause, shall not continue beyond the period of one year from its tween the two Houses on the confiscalion bills, and they were not insensible also to the considera date; and immediately upon the organization of any district of freedmion and abandoned lands such agents shall

and also in another difference on a tariff bill, i ation that in this way they should be able to se. cease to execute their functions within such district, and

have in my hand the Journal of the Senate for cure a high order of talent and of character for shall deliver over to the assistant commissioner thereof all August 2, 1861, where may be found the report this branch of public service. Men filled for property and papers held by them as agents. But all ex

of a conference committee, which was followed by Treasury agents, or fitted for War, might not alpenses necessarily incurred by such agents in any district prior to its organization under this act shall be defrayed

the committee on the present occasion. A new ways be the best for the care of freedmen. The by the Secretary of the Treasury out of any moneys in bis

tariff bill, from beginning to end, was reported as man for this humane service should be humane by hands arising from the leases inade by such agents. a substitute, and the report was adopted. This is nature, and should sympathize especially with

SEC. 8. And be it further enacted, That the Commis- all that I think it necessary to say on the quessiones shall apply the proceeds aceruing under this act to

that race which has so long been neglected and detray the expenses of this Department, so that the same tion of form.

outraged. They must be versed, if I may so may become at an early diy self supporting; and any pro

Mr. POWELL. The Senator from Massa- express myself, in the hunianities of the ques. ceeds over and above such expenses shall be paid into the chusetts will allow me to ask him if there was tion. Treasury of the United States. Sec. 9. And be it further enacted, That whenever the any objection made to that report in 1861.

The PRESIDENT pro tempore. It becomes Commissioner cannot otherwise employ any of the freed

Mr. SUMNER. It does not appear that there the duty of the Chair tó call up the special order men who may conte under his care, he shall so far as prac- was any objection,

for one o'clock. ticable make provision for them with lunnane and suitable Mr. POWELL. That was the reason it was Mr. SUMNER. I hope I may be allowed to persons, at a just compensation for their services. Sec. 10. Anul be it further enacted, That the President of passed in that way.

go on, at least to finish this statement. the United States is charged will furnishing the military

Mr. SUMNER. I think if the Senator reflects on informally. and other support needful to carry this act into effect, and he will see that there could be no objection. There Mr. CHANDLER. I am informed by the

I can go

course."

ness.

at 2:25....

row.

1 20

175

Senator from Ohio, the chairman of the Commit- | Treasury Department has proceeded to establish

DUTY ON PRINTING PAPER. tee on Finance, that he will require to-day to pass | regulations, of which the first is as follows:

The Senate, as in Committee of the Whole, one of his bills from the Committee on Finance;

“ The regulations relative to the employment and gen- resumed the consideration of the joint resolution and I am also informed that the Senate will not eral welfare of freedmen will be carried into effect by the (H. R. No. 141) reducing the duty on printing be in session to-morrow, because of the announce- same ilgents and under the same supervision as are proment of the death of Mr. Hicks. I gave notice vided under the regulations concerning commercial inter

paper, unsized, used for books and newspapers

exclusively, the pending question being on the that I will not antagonize the House bill No.307,

amendment of the Cominillée on Finance, to strike which is the special order for this hour, against

Such is the system which now exists, under any bill from the Committee on Finance. There- which the freedman is the mere accident of the

out " three per cent." and insert “ fifteen per

cent. as the rate of duty. fore move that it be made the special order for || Treasury. Sir, this is not worthy of the Repub

Mr. SHERMAN. Before the amendment is Wednesday at one o'clock, instead of to-day. lic at this great period of our history.

adopted I desire to submit a statement of the reaThe motion was agreed to.

Already the President, by irrepealable procla

sons that induced the Committee on Finance to Subsequently, the order relative to the bill (H. | mation, has declared all slaves to be free. An amendment to the Constitution will, in the course

report it. The present rate of duty on printing R. No. 307) to regulate commerce among the sevof a few weeks, place their freedom under the

paper is twenty per cent. The proposition of the eral States, was changed so as to make that bill

House of Representatives is to reduce the rate of sanction of constitutional law. But this is not the special order for co-morrow at one o'clock, Mr. CHANDLER stating that he understood the

enough. The debt of justice will

not be paid if I duty to three per cent. The leading objection of we do not take them by the hand in their passage || duty was that it is less than the rate of duty levied

the Committee on Finance to the proposed rate of announcement of Mr. Hicks's death would not be

from the house of bondage to the house of freemade till Wednesday. dom; and this is what is proposed by the present | printing paper made in the United States is equiv

on the home manufacture. Theduly now levied on Mr. SHERMAN. With the consent of the honorable Senator, I move to take up the resolumeasure. The temporary care of the freedman

alent to eight lo ten per cent., and is assessed in is the complement of emancipation; but the gen. tion fixing the duty on paper, and then I will yield

various forms. We levy a direct tax on the manueral welfare is involved in the performance of this to the Senator from Massachusetts to finish his duty. Without it emancipation may for a while

facture of three per cent. We levy on the income statement. seem to fail, and the general wefare will surely levy a tax on the coal, lime, and many of the ma

derived from it from five to ten per cent. We The motion was agreed to.

suffer. Mr. SHERMAN. I have no objection now to Mr. GRIMES. Before the Senator closes I

terials entering into the composition of paper; soda yield to the Senator from Massachusetts to con- should like to have him explain

ush, bleaching powder, alum, sulphuric acid, and

other articles indispensable to its manufacture clude his statement.

Mr.SHERMAN. It would be better to let the Mr. SUMNER. Mr. President, in confirma

must pay a large import duty, or, if manufactured report go over. tion of the views of the committee, I ask attention

in the United States, must pay an excise duty. I

Mr. GRIMES. I wish an explanation of the to a letter which I have recently received from

have a statement which approximates the duty ninth section in connection with ihe Senator's re- || paid by the home manufacturer on one ton of Captain Wilder, who is superintendent of negro marks. affairs at Fortress Monroe. He writes me under

paper. It is as follows:

Mr. SHERMAN. I think we had better go on date of 6th February, as follows:

In producing one ton of paper from wood, straw, fax, or with the paper-duty bill. The Senator desired to lemp tow there are used 1.2bushels of lime, at 43 cents **I am glad to learn that Congress is considering the ex- make his explanation; he has made it, and the sub- per bushel, $537 ; excise on which is 3 per cent. $0 16 pediency of establishing an independent Department of ject goes over.

1,220 lbs. soda ash, import duty } per cent per 15., negro affairs, &c.

$6 10 in gold, or, in currency, with gold at P5.. 13 72% Hll it is the purpose of its friends by this to throw addi- Mr. SUMNER. I am perfectly ready to go on 813 Ibs. bleaching powders, import duty 30 cents tional safeguards around the colored people, and between and take the vote.

per 100 158., 92 44 in gold, or, in currency, with them and their enemies and speculators, and to secure to Mr. SHERMAN. I call up the pending busi

gold at 225

5 49 them the reforming and elevaring influences of education

57 Ibs. alum, import duty 60 cents per 100 lbs., 34 and the gospel of the Son of God, which I do not doubt, I

cents in gold, or, in currency, with gold at 225.. 761 would respectfully suggest that one great obstacle to our

Mr. SUMNER. I ask that this be made a 41 lbs. sulpliuric acid, import duty 1 cent per 100 success in this work has been the want of some general special order for half past twelve o'clock to-mor- bs., 41 cents iu gold, or, in currency, with gold policy, at once practical and operative, securing protection,

921 removing obstacles, and affording to them opportunity and

Wood relungs, duty 20 cents per lb., and 35 per cent. encouragements to make their accustomed labor available,

The PRESIDENT, pro tempore. That can be ail valorem additional... not only for their own support and elevation, but a source done by unanimous consent.

Wire-cloth, excise 3 per cent... of power and wealth to the country.

Mr. POWELL. I object.

3.) tons of coal, for boiling and drying... "If this can be so arranged as lo prevent a perpetual confict of control and rights between the military and Treas.

Mr. SHERMAN. li comes up as unfinished

Making in duties and excise on materials, a total of 22 631 business in the morning hour. ury or civil agents, with the use of rebel and abandoned

The value of one ion of printing paper, 22 cents lands, at least for a time, we shall be out of the woods and Mr. POWELL. There is a motion to recon- per ib., (the present market rates,) is $450; exon a fair field to lest every other monted question, and sider a bill of mine which I want disposed of.

cise tax 3 per cent.....

13 50 save to the Government very large and continued expandi- Mr. SUMNER. If this report comes up as un

Estimated profit on one lon $45, or 10 per cent.; tures. * Without this, or its equivalent, freedom will be to them finished business in the morning hour, very well.

of wbichi is paid in income and war taxes, 10 per

4 50 a doubtfui boon, and ihe Government will becofne, by neg- Mr. COLLAMER. I wish to make a single Ject at least, an abettor of degradation." inquiry in regard to this bill: is it open to amend- Showing that Government receives on each ton of

paper as above made in the United States......

40 631 The views so strongly enforced by military | ment?

When printing paper is made entirely of rags, the experience at Fortress Monroe are enforced with

Mr. SUMNER. It is not.

consumption of lime, chemicals, coal, &c., is equal strength by military experience at New

The PRESIDENT, pro tempore. It is not open much less; but estimates made in same manner Orleans. I hold in my hand an elaborate letter to amendment. The report is an entirety.

as above, in detail show that Government receives from Major General Hurlbut, commander of the

Mr. COLLAMER. Then it cannot have three

from one ton of printing paper, made from rags alone, il revenue of..........

21 21 Department of the Gulf, under date of January | readings, nor can it be amended. 21, relating to the treatment of freedmen, from

The PRESIDENT, pro tempore. The ques- It is thus shown that the amount of revenue which I will read an important passage:

tion is simply on the acceptance of the report. It received from a ton of paper made here is forly.

will now go over till to-morrow morning. dollars, and cannot be less than twenty dollars. “A central bureau, then, of selected men of character,

If the House resolution passes, what revenue will courage, and knowledge of the subject, at Washington is

MESSAGE FROM THE HOUSE. desirable. Subordinate bureaus still more carefully se

be derived from a ton of imported paper? Let us lected in the several Sutes possessed by our arms will be A message from the House of Representatives see. Paper abroad is $160 a ton; three per cent. established, who shall locally enforce regulations. “Il possible to be obtained, these should be constituted

by Mr. McPHERSON, its Clerk, announced that will yield $4 80 in coin, or in paper, ai present of men having knowledge already of the peculiarities of

the House had passed a joint resolution (H. R. rates, about ten dollars. Thus the resolution of negro character in its several distinct races, truthful and of No. 164) authorizing a contract with William H. the House would reduce the revenue from len to undeniable integrity, who will render justice to the poor, Powell for a picture for the Capitol, in which thirty dollars on every ton of paper imported. Are and resist blandisliments and bribes.

the concurrence of the Senate was requested. “ The burden of this important affair should as speedily

we prepared to thus reduce che revenue? as possible be taken from the military authorities, and per

The message also announced that the House But this is not the worst effect of the proposed manently and systematically vested elsewhere. Milijary had concurred in the resolution to appoint a joint | duty. It is an actual discrimination against home commanders are often changed, and the system fiuctuates committee to notify the President and Vice Pres- manufacture and in favor of foreign manufacture with each change."

ident-elect for the ensuing term of_their election, of about seven per cent. The Canada mills across It may be easy to find fault with the proposed and had appointed Messrs. J. F. Wilson of our boundary line may manufacture paper and measure, to criticise it in its details, or to object | lowa, and 'J. L. Dawson of Pennsylvania, sell it in our markets, paying less lax than the to the creation of a separate Department. But committee on ils part.

home manufacturer. I'venture lo assert that no the question has arrived at such a stage that you

such discrimination has ever been made in any

ENROLLED BILLS SIGNED musi take this or nothing. I err. There is an

tariff or revenue law of the United States. If we other system which will continue, if you reject The message further announced that the Speaker | must admit paper duty free or at a nominal rate this. By the act of Congress, passed at the close of the House had signed the following enrolled we should ai least reduce our internal duties to of the late session, relative to abandoned prop- bills and joint resolution; and they were thereupon the same rate. When we are searching through erty, it is provided that the agent of the Treas- || signed by the President pro tempore.

all branches of industry for subjects of taxation ury

"shull take charge of and lease for periods A bill (H. R. No. 517) to incorporate the Na- we are not disposed to reduce the present reve. notexceeding twelve months the abandoned lands, tional Union Insurance Company of Washington. nue from any articles.' Cheap paper is demanded houses, and tenements within the districts therein A bill (S. No. 281) for the relief of Alexander by the press, by the people, and by the House named, and shall also provide in such cases or J. Atocha;

of Representatives; but in yielding lo that demand otherwise for the employment and general wel- A joint resolution (S. R. No. 91) appointing we must not, at one blow, destroy seven hundred fare of all persons within the lines of national General Richard Delafield to be a Regent of the paper mills, giving employmentio fifty thousand military occupation within said insurrectionary Smithsonian Institution; and

persons and $70,000,000 of capital. It is idle to States formerly held as slaves, who are or shall A bill (H.R. No. 705) for the relief of collect- say that they could continue their operations when become free." (Sec. 2.) Under this statute the ors and surveyors of the customs in certain cases. we not only invite competition with the labor of

cent.....

the

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