« ΠροηγούμενηΣυνέχεια »
there is no question of inter-State commerce that If this matter is argued upon the ground of has been utterly disregarded by the Government was ever raised there or considered applicable. military necessity, it seems that it is nol wanted of the United Siates, and the Government has used Those roads do not go between two cities outside there, because, according to the speech of the Sen- the Raritan road for that purpose, and has transof Massachusetts.
ator from Massachuselis, the General Govern- || ported troops over it. Mr. HALE. Let us see how that is. I know ment have taken the right and have exercised it, So you may take the power to regulate comthat since this Administration has come into and the Raritan railrond have carried troops and merce with foreign nations and among the several power, in the distribution of Federal officers all munitions of war for the Government of the Uni- States and with the Indian tribes, and that may New England has been considered as part of ted States. The Senator did not tell us what was be carried to an indefinite extent. If that author. Massachusetts, slaughter;] but I believe that is the result of that application made to the court to izes the interference proposed by this bill with not geographically or logically true. Concord, | compel them to account to the Camden and Am- every railroad in the United States, it is difficult New Hampshire, is outside of Massachusetts boy railroad. Does the Senator know what it to conceive anything that it would not reach; it geographically if not politically, and the railroad was? The Senator from New Jersey thinks it would reach everything and swallow up every from Boston to Lowell is a part of the road by was not sustained, but it makes no odds whether power that has been heretofore supposed to be which a great portion of the travel goes to New they were compelled to account or not; that was vested in the States, and would leave nothing to Hampshire, to northern Vermont, and to Canada; a matter between two corporations in ihe State of the Slates, but make this a consolidated Governand the connecting roads, I think, so manage New Jersey, with which this General Governtrade that freight can be put on at Boston, going ment have nothing to do. Whenever the Raritan Mr. President, it may well be asked, if this be on the Boston and Lowell railroad, without being and Delaware Bay Railroad Company was wanted a power residing in the General Government, wliy broken or disturbed until it gets lo Rouse's Point for the transportation of troops or munitions of in the whole history of the States and the Union in New York, near the Canada line. So that the war, the Government had it. The Secretary of has it not been invoked before? During the whole Boston and Lowell railroad is just as much a War ordered the troops to be conveyed in that history of this Camden and Amboy monopoly, road for the transit of travel from State to Siate way, and they were conveyed; and whether they | why has not the power of Congress been invoked as any railroad in New Jersey.
by that invaded any of the rights of the Camden until this time? Why was il notinvoked in the State The State of Massachusetts enacted by this pro- and Amboy railroad for which they were com- of Massachuselis? Why has it not been invoked vision that for thirty years all that travel should pelled to account, is a matter with which the in New York? Why was it not invoked somego over the Boston and Lowell railroad, and that United States certainly have nothing to do, be- where else? Why, until the Raritan and Delthere should be no other competing road created cause the United States, with all their great pow- aware Bay Railroad Company found that they within thirty years. By and by the Legislature ers, have not got to run a Quixotic expedition || had sunk thousands and hundreds of thousands of Massachusetts chartered another railroad lead- into every Slate in the Union to see that equal || in their road, and it was a losing concern, that ing from Boston to Portland-that is outside of and exaci justice is meted out by them to all their they could not pay dividends on their stock or Massachusetts-called the Boston and Maine rail- citizens and all their corporations. Whenever a interest on their bonds, did not these patriotic road, and that ran not exactly parallel, but di- State violates any grant or any right secured by gentlemen, governed by these public interests, verging a little from the Boston and Lowell rail- the Constitution of the United States, then, and ihese high motives, these great considerations road. Subsequently the Stale of Massachusetts not till then, have the United States a right to in- relating to the Union, enlist ihe eloquence of my passed another railroad charter for a road run- terfere.
learned friend from Massachusetts to come in here ning from Salem to Lowell, intersecting with the But what is this provision? The bill is very with grandiloquent pæans in praise of the Union, Boston and Maine railroad, and thus made another brief in iis character. It provides:
and to excite public sentimentand public opinion line to Lowell only about a mile and a half or a mile That every railroad company in ihe United States whose
in favor of the Unionand six lenths longer than the Boston and Lowell road is operated by steain, ils successors and assigns, be, Mr. SUMNER. How have they "enlisted" railroad. By this junction between the Boston and and is hereby, authorized to carry upon and over its road, me? Maine and ihe Salem and Lowell railroads a new
connections, boats, bridges, and rerries, all freight, prop.
Mr. HALE. Why, Mr. President, in a hunroute was created to Lowell, and passengers, of on their way from any State to another Slate, and to re- dred ways. They enlisted him by articles in the course, began to go over it. In that state of things ceive compensation therefor.
New York Tribune, [laughter;) they enlisted him the Boston and Lowell Railroad Company applied I should have no sort of objection to this bill | by various articles scattered all over the country; to the supreme court of Massachusetis for an if il confined itself to what its friends profess that they enlisted him by all the ways and means by order enjoining, prohibiting, and forbidding the it is, and that is a bill to enable the General Gov- which men that have a selfish and a private obnew railroad thus created between Boston and crnment to carry on and exercise the powers ject to effect appeal to great objects, high considLowell by the new route from carrying passen- which the Constitution confers upon it. I should erations, and moral sentiments, and thus operate gers, upon the idea that it was in contravention say that they should not only be authorized, but upon the judgment and the sympathies of the of the right before granted by the Massachusetts compelled, to carry "all freight, property, mails, generous, the impulsive, and the unreflecting. Legislature to the Boston and Lowell Railroad
passengers, troops, and Government supplies" || (Laughter.) Thai is the way they enlisted him. Company. The case is found reported in the that are necessary and requisite for the General Mr. President, as I said before, I have not second volume of Gray's Reports at very con- Government to carry out the purposes for which examined this measure in detail, though I have siderable length, and anybody who wants to hear it was created, and to exercise the powers con- thought upon it somewhat. I should deprecate an answer to the argument of the Senator from ferred upon it by the Constitution; but it is man- as one of ihe greatest evils that could grow out of Massachusetts, by reading the decision in this i fest this looks beyond that; it looks beyond the our present controversy if we should deem it case, and the rest of the Pilgrim's Progress, which public weal, beyond the public interest. It is not necessary to stretch forth our hand in this way is utterly at war with the doctrine he drew from ihe post office that is concerned; it is not the trans- and usurp to ourselves the control of all the railit, (laughter,) will find the answer to the speech. || portation of troops, for that you have; it is not roads and other corporations in the United States; And that, sir, is the law of Massachusetts to-day. any or all of these interests combined; but the for the bill not only applies to railroads but 10 I know ii, because the Boston and Maine railroad real gist of this bill is to raise the stock of a bank- | boals, bridges, ferries,everything-allare brouglic runs through the city in which I live, and the rupt corporation, to make it above par. That is by one sweep, by the operation of this sinall bill, people there are somewhat interested in it; and the whole of it, and we might just as well look it within the scope of Federal authority, Federal this source of revenue which that railroad had in the face and call it by its right name as not. jurisdiction. from carrying passengers to Lowell was taken That is to be the effect, and that is what the in- Mr. President, I have not been one of those who away by the decision of the supreme court of terference of the General Government is invoked have been loud or strenuous or persevering in the Massachusetts, and is the law there to-day. for; and it is invoked, and its exercise is called assertion of the rights of the States; but I believe
Massachusetts has not been alone in this pol- || for, in a manner that will be utterly destructive that the existence of the States and the proper icy. It is essential to every State that it should of every doctrine that has ever been heretofore preservation of Slate sovereignty, State rights, have the power lo exercise this right. There is practiced upon in reference to corporations created and State power are as necessary to the sucthe great State of New York, what has been her by the States.
cessful operation of the system of our Governaction? She incorporated by a series of acts what I know, sir, that there are certain general prop- ment as the Union; and if one or the other is 10 is now known as ihe New York Central railroad, ositions which a wide and latitudinarian construc- be destroyed, it had better be the Union than the leading from Albany to Buffalo, a distance of be- tion of the Constitution may so construe that there States, because if the Union is destroyed and the tween three and four hundred miles. Thatroad was shall not be a single thing which can be proposed States left, we then have civil government and prohibited from carrying certain articles of mer- that Congress may not do. The “general wel- institutions left for recuperating and reconstruct chandise, I think wheat, one of the great neces- fare" clause of the Constitution is familiar to all. | ing a Union; but if the States are destroyed and saries of life-almost as necessary to life as paper, | !f somebody gets up and by some ingenious soph- || all swallowed up in one military despotism, there [laughter,) except upon condition that a ceriain ism demonstrates that in his judgment a particu- || is nothing left, there is no nucleus around which toll was paid upon the wheat, and I think it was lar thing might be for the general welfare, these the friends of free institutions may rally a toll equal to the amount of the whole freight | broad constructionists may find that the Consti- Mr. HOWARD. You speak only for yourself. received, to the Erie canal. That was the law of | tution gives them the power to do that thing for Mr. HALE. I am not in the habit of speaking New York for a long time. It was a question of that reason.
for anybody on earth but myself; but I trust thic policy for the State of New York whether that Then there is the power to establish post offices | sentiment l' have just expressed commends itself prohibition should be continued or not; but I be- and post roads. If you want to establish a post to the Senator from Michigan. lieve in all the discussions that took place between || office or a post road, why not do so? Why not Mr. HOWARD, No. the advocates of the prohibition and those who say that all these companies shall be compelled Mr. HALE. It certainly does to me; but I were for its repeal, it was never suggested that it to carry the mail over their roads? Have they trust the time will never come when either the was a thing with which Congress had any right ever refused to do so? Is there anything in the Senator or myself will have to choose either horn to meudle, with which Congress could interfere, I provisions of the legislation of New Jersey that of that dilemma. The prosperity of the country in regurd io which Congress had any right to ex- prohibits any of these railroads from carrying the depends upon the preservation of the just powers ercise any power, but left it for the State of New mail? If there be anything which prohibits iheir | of each, and not encroaching on the other. We York to selile for herself, and to settle exclu- | carrying the troops of the United States, you have are in this rebellion mainly and principally owing sively as a question affecting her own Slate policy. || the evidence from the advocates of the bill that it ll to the encroachments of the States on the Union. If we come out of this rebellion with an equal Mr. COLLAMER. I understand we are to liam H. Randall, Scott, Shannon, Smithers, Townsend, usurpation on the part of the Union on the States, have an evening session.
Upson, Wad-worth, Whaley, Wheeler, Williams, Wilder, we shall not have gained much by the result. The PRESIDENT pro tempore.
Windom, Worthington, and Yeaman-52.
NAYS--Messrs. Alley, Ancona, John D. Baldwin, BeaI hope that this bill, and all bills of a similar char- stands adjourned until half past seven o'clock this man, Bliss, Boutwell, Brandegee, Broomall, Coffroidi, Craacier growing out of the supposed necessities of evening.
vens, Henry Winter Davis, Dawes, Dawson, Deming, the evil times in which we live, will not be passed
Denison, Edgerton, Elini, Finek, Ganson, Gridir. Hale, in this hour, and at this time, to make examples
Benjamin G. Harris, Herrick, Holman, John II. Hubbard, EVENING SESSION.
Hutchins, Philip Johnson, William Johnson, Kalbiesweh, and precedents for the coming fulure; butihai we
Orlando Kellogu, Kiny, Lazear, Long. MeKinney, Middleshall vindicate our Constitution from the reproach
The Senate reassembled at half past seven
ton, William H. Miller, Morrill, John O'Neill, Ort, Pendlethat was employed in a remark which was well
o'clock, p. m.; and, in accordance with the reso- tou, Radiord, Jobu 11. Rice, Edward H. Rollins, James s. made by the distinguished Senator from Verlution adopted on Saturday last, setting apart Rollins, Ross, Spalding, William G. Steele, Stiles, Sirouse,
Sweat, Thayer, William B. Washburn, Wilson, and Wine mont Mr. COLLAMER) at the last session of Tuesday and Wednesday evenings of this week
field-54. Congress, in which he said-I am not quoting his
for executive business, proceeded to the consider- NOT VOTING-Messrs. Arnold, Ashley, Blair, Blow, words, but his sentiment-that if the Constitu
ation of executive business; and after some time Brooks, William G. Brown, Charler, Ambrose \V. Clark, tion of the United States is not competent to deal spent therein, the doors were reopened.
Freeman Clarke, Clay, Cobb, Cox, Creswell, Thomas T. with the questions which are presented to us in
Mr. GRIMES. I move to rescind so much of
Davis, Dixon, Dunoni, Eckley, Eden, English, Farnsworth,
Frank, Goochi, Grimell, Griswold, Hall, Harding, Harringthis controversy; if the Constitution does not con
the resolution adopted on Saturday as provides lon, Charles M. Harris, Hlooper, Hotclikiss, Julian, Kusson, fer ample power to enable us to deal with the exfor an evening session 10-morrow.
Kernan, knapp, Knox, Law, Loan, Mallory, Marey, Meisting realities which this struggle presents to us,
The motion was agreed to.
Dowell, Moorhead, Daniel Morris, James R. Morris, Morrithen our Government is a failure, and we have
On motion, the Senate adjourned.
son, Noble, Norton, Odell, Patterson, Perry, Pike, Price,
Pruyn, Samuel J. Randall, Alexander Hl. Rice, Robinson, failed.
Rogers, Schenck, Scotield, Sloan, Smith, Siarr, John B. Sir, I apprehend there never was a time in the
Steile, Stevens, Stuart, Thomas, Tracy, Van Valkenburgli, HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
Voorbees, Ward, Elihu B. Washburne, Webster, Chilton history of this Government, until the emergencies
TUESDAY, February 14, 1865.
A. White, Joseph W. White, Benjamin Wood, Fernando of this war had operated on inblic opinion, when
Wood, and Woodbridge-76. a proposition like this would be tolerated -a
The House met al twelve o'clock, m. Prayer So the bill was rejected. proposition that goes at one swoop into all the by Rev. Dr. E. H. Gray.
Mr. HOLMAN moved to reconsider the vote Staies, and touches with the wand of Federal
The Journal of yesterday was read and approved. || by which the bill was rejected; and also moved power every corporation owning a railroad, a
ENLISTMENTS FOR UNEXPIRED TERMS. that the motion lo reconsider be laid on the table. bridge, a ferry-boat, or a canal, and subjects them
Mr. ORTH. I ask unanimous consent to offer
The latter motion was agreed to. all to the sweeping jurisdiction of the Federal
Mr. ELDRIDGE. Government. If the times have presented such a the following resolution:
I demand the yeas and
nays on the motion to lay on the table. necessity as that, then I may say, and I will say,
Resolved, that the Committee on Military Affairs be directed to inquire whai legislation is necessary to secure
The SPEAKER. The demand comes too late. on the authority of the distinguished Senator froin
the muster-out of such mrn as enlisted for the unexpired Vermont, that ihe Government is a failure; it has
LEAVE OF ABSENCE. term of their respective regiments, in accordance with their failed; and it has failed because it was necessary understanding at the time of enlistment, and that the com Mr. J. C. ALLEN. I move that leave of ab or adjudged necessary by those who administered mittee have leave to reportatany ume by bill or otherwise.
sence be granted to my colleague, Mr. W. J the Government to trench upon those rights
The SPEAKER. Is there any objection to the ALLEN, on account of the death of his brother. which herciofore have always been considered as introduction of this resolution?
There was no objection; and it was ordered acbelonging exclusively to the States.
Mr. HOLMAN. I do not wish to object; but cordingly. Mr. TEN EYCK. I move that the further I desire that its language shall be made somewhat
CHARLES I. TITUS, AND OTIIERS. consideration of this bill be postponed until Fri- stronger, so that the committee shall be required day next at one o'clock. I understand it is probe to report at the earliest practicable moment. The Mr. JULIAN, from the Committee on Public able that several Senators may speak upon it, subject is already before the committee.
Lands, moved that that committee be discharged perhaps on both sides of the question, and I do The SPEAKER. The modification suggested
from the further consideration of the petition of not know but that I shall say something myself | will be made, if there be no objection.
Charles H. Tilus, Thomas W. Faran, Peter Zinn, on this subject, inasmuch as direct allusion has There was no objection.
and others, asking Congress to devise some means been made to my State pretty significantly, and The resolution, as modified, was agreed to.
for the sale of reserved mineral lands, and that it inasmuch as the people of that State are directly
be laid on the table.
PAPERS WITHDRAWN. interested in this question. I move a postpone
The motion was agreed to. ment until Friday at one o'clock, for the reason Mr. HOLMAN. I desire unanimous consent
SALE OF MINERAL LANDS. that I understand the death of our colleague, the to withdraw from the files of the House the pa
Mr. JULIAN. I ask, by unanimous consent, Senator from Maryland, is to be announced to
pers relating to the case of S. B. Colby.
that House bill No. 730, in reference to the submorrow. Mr. CHANDLER. I suggest Thursday.
SHIP-CANAL IN WISCONSIN.
consideration as a special order on Thursday Mr. TEN EYCK. Yes; I mean Thursday.
next. Mr. WILSON. Before the motion is pút, I
Mr. JULIAN. I demand the regular order of business.
Objection was made. desire to offeran amendment to the billas a second
The SPEAKER. The first business in order section, which I should like to have read.
PERE MARQUETTE AND FLINT RAILROAD. is the consideration of Senate bill No. 241, an The Secretary read the amendment, as follows: act granting to the State of Wisconsin a donation
Mr. DRIGGS, from the Committee on Public And he it further enacted, That no citizen of the United States shall be excluded from travel upon any railroad or
of public land to aid in the construction of a ship | Lands, reported back Senate joint resolution No canal at the head of Sturgeon bay, in the county
42, to extend the time for the reversion to the navigable water within the United States on account of or by reason of any State law or municipal ordinance, or of Door, in said State, to connect the waters of
United States of the lands granted by Congress to of any rule, regulation, or usage of any corporation, com
aid in the construction of a railroad from Pere Green bay with Lake Michigan, in said State. pany, or person whatever; and all citizens of the United States shall be subject and amenable to the same laws, This bill was reported from the Committee on
Marquette to Flint, and for the completion of said regulations, and usages; and any corporation, company, Public Lands on ihe 9ch instant, by the gentleman
road, with an amendment. or person offending against the provisions of this act, shall, from Wisconsin, (Mr. Sloan.) After an amend
The amendment was read, as follows: upon conviclion in any court of the United States, be puna ment by the House, the gentleman from Wiscon
Strike out the words " and a railroad from Little Bay de islied by a fine of not less than 9.500, and by imprisonment
Noquette to Marquette, and thence to Outonagon," not less than six months: Provided, That nothing herein sin demanded the previous question, upon sec
Mr. DRIGGS. Mr. Speaker, this joint res. contained shall interfere with any executive order made onding which no quorum voted. The pending
olution only extends the grant to the Pere Marunder the laws of the United Suies. question is upon seconding the demand for the
quette and Flint Railroad Company, made in 1856, Mr. HALE. The amendment of the Senator previous question. from Massachusetts provides that no one shall
The previous question was seconded, and the
for five ycars. It provides for no additional grani be excluded on account of any regulation of any main question ordered; and under the operation
of lands. The road is now completed and runState.
ning cars upon some forty miles of the road. It They have a regulation on some of the thereof the bill was ordered to be read a third
has received the sanction of the Committee on railroads of ' my State that no intoxicated person
cime; and was accordingly read the third time. shall be admitted. This amendment would ab
The question being on the passage of the bill
Public Lands. I think it is just, and I demand
Mr. SPALDING demanded the rogate that, for it would amount to that.
the previous question. and
yeas nays. Mr. COWAN. Let me ask the Senator, do Mr. HOLMAN called for tellers on the yeas
Mr. HOLMAN. Do I understand that this they allow people who have the small-pox to ride and nays.
resolution makes no additional grant of lands? in his State?
Tellers were ordered; and Messrs. McINDOE
Mr. DRIGGS. It makes no additional grant
of lands. The PRESIDENT pro lempore. The question and MIDDLETON were appointed. will be on the motion to postpone the further
The House divided; and the cellers reported-
Mr. HOLMAN. It only extends the time for consideration of the bill to and make it the speayes twenty-six, noes not counted.
the completion of this road?
Mr. DRIGGS. That is all. cial order of the day for Thursday next at one So the yeas and nays were ordered.
Mr. LE BLOND. What is the road? o'clock.
The question was taken; and it was decided · Mr. CHANDLER. I hope the motion will in the negative-yeas 52, nays 54, not voting 76;
Mr. DRIGGS. It runs from Flint, in the State prevail, as I understand the death of the Senator as follows:
of Michigan, to Pere Marquette. The road is
about one hundred and seventy-five miles long, from Maryland will be announced to-morrow;
YEAS-Messrs. James C. Allen, William J. Allen, Alliand let the amendment be printed. son, Ames, Anderson, Baily, Augustus C. Baldwin, Baxter,
and some forty miles have been completed. Blaine, Boyd, James S. Brown, Colc, Donnelly, Driggs, Mr. BROWN, of Wisconsin. . This resolution The motion was agreed to.
Eldridge, Garfield, Bigby, Asahel W. Tulbard, Huburd, does no more than provide for the extension of Mr. CHANDLER. I move that the Senate do Ingersoll, Jenckes, Kelley, Francis W. Kellogg, Le Blond,
time for the completion of the road. now alljourn. Littlejohn, Longyear, Marvin, McAllister, McBride, Mc
Mr. DRIGGS. I insist on the demand for the The motion was agreed to.
Clurg. McIndoe, Samuel F. Miller, Amos Myers, Leonard
The previous question wa's seconded, and the to aid in the completion of other railroads in the northwest. tending through the States of Illinois, Michigan, main question ordered. ern States; their securities possess advantages in the inoney
and Wisconsin, now owns in part a portion of The amendment was agreed to.
markets of the world as ten to six over those of the railroad
this line. But the grant made by this bill is all The joint resolution as amended was ordered
Your memorialists, therefore, cannot for a moment en- in the State of Michigan; further time is given to to be read a third time; and it was accordingly certain the belief thai Congress would intentionally with- that part of the road in Wisconsin, but no addiread the third time, and passed. hold the same relief for the aid of the various railroad lines
tional grant. in this state that it has granted to the lines in other States MINNESOTA LAND-GRANT RAILROAD. similarly situated.
Mr. SPALDING. I wish to know if for the Mr. MILLER, of New York, from the Com
It is equally important that the time limited for the com- benefit of any part of the Northwestern road. mittee on Public Lands, reported a bill to extend
pletion of our roads slould be extended, as it has now but Mr. ALLISON. It is.
Mr. SPALDING. Is not that one of the the time for the completion of certain land-grant Finally. Considering that this is a food-producing State, railroads in the State of Minnesota, which was and that it has no connection by railroad with the system
wealthiest companies in the Northwest? read a first and second time.
of railroads leading to the Atlantic States, and the avenues Mr. ALLISON. It is a large corporation, how
to our foodstuffs being thus locked up from the seaboard, The bill was read in extenso.
wealthy, I do not know. I do know that its stock exceptihose consisting of wagon roads and six months unMr. MILLER, of New York. Mr. Speaker,
is not worth more than thirty-five cents on the certain navigation of the Mississippi of each year; and
dollar. I will only say that this bill merely extends the considering the financial revulsion of 1857, from which we time for the completion of these roads.
had scarcely recovered when the rebellion called our not Mr. SPALDING. How many States are af
unwilling young men from home to aid in its suppression, Mr. HUBBARD, of lowa. I would inquire
fected by the grant contained in this bill? your memorialists ask with confidence of your honorable whether they are not required to complete twenty
Mr. ALLISON. Really only one State is body for the prompt consideration of this appeal. miles each and every year.
And your nieworialists will ever pray.
affected by the grant.
CHARLES D. SHERWOOD, Mr. SPALDING. How is lowa affected? Mr. MILLER, of New York. They are.
President of the Senate. Mr. ALLISON. Not at all. Mr. HUBBARD, of lowa. If they do not con
THOMAS H. ARMSTRONG, struct twenty miles each year, what forfeiture is
Speaker of the House of Representatives.
Mr. SPALDING. How much surplus land provided ?
Approved January 24, 1865.
is granted by this ball ?
S. MILLER. Mr. ALLÍSON. It is impossible for me to say. Mr. MILLER, of New York. A forfeiture of the land to the Government of the United States.
Mr. SPALDING. I want to know if four ad.
STATE OF MINNESOTA, Mr. STEVENS. Are additional lands granted ?
ditional sections per mile are not given to these OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF STATE.
railroads. Mr.MILLER, of New York. Four additional
I certify the foregoing to he a true and correct copy of sections of land are granted, which is in accord
Mr. ALLISON. I have already stated that the original, on tile in this oflice. ance with the legislation of last year. It will be Witness my hand, and the great seal of the State, this
four additional sections are given to this railroad evident to the House, as it was to the committee, 30th day of January, A. D., 1865.
in the State of Michigan. that since railroad iron, labor, and everything
D. BLAKELY, Secretary of State. Mr. SPALDING. Beyond the previous grant? else has doubled in price, these roads could not
Mr. MILLER, of New York. I demand the Mr. ALLISON. Yes, sir; but it is well known be completed unless some additional grant of land previous question.
that very little land is obtained under the original was made.
The previous question was seconded, and the || grant, from the fact that the lands were taken up Mr. STEVENS. I thought we provided for main question ordered to be put; and under the by settlers and by corporations of the State of that when last year the House refused to increase
operation thereof the bill was ordered to be en- Michigan. the lax on railroad iron. grossed and read a third time.
Mr. ARNOLD. This bill is designed to enable Mr. MILLER, of New York. Mr. Speaker,
Mr. HOLMAN. I call for the reading of the the company to fill up a gap between two railroads unless there is some encouragement it is evident engrossed bill.
already constructed, and ihe effect of this grant, that we cannot induce foreign or eastern capital
The SPEAKER. The bill not engrossed, so far as the Government is concerned, will be to ists to invest in these roads. I think that the best and therefore it goes to the Speaker's table.
enhance the value of the lands belonging to the interests of the Government will be subserved by
Mr. WINDOM, at a subsequent period, moved Government immensely beyond the value of the this additional grant of lands.
that the vote by which the bill was ordered to be lands granted by this bill. Those lands, as every Mr. SPALDING. How extensive were the engrossed be reconsidered.
gentleman well knows, are comparatively wortligrants in the first place, and how much is now
The motion was entered.
less to the Government, and will continue to be added ?
unless you open a way to the minerals, the timLAND-GRANT ROADS IN MICHIGAN.
ber, and other producis of those lands by means Mr. MILLER, of New York. We make it ten sections, whereas it was only six before. They
Mr. ALLISON, from the Committee on Pub- of this railroad. This railroad will open commudo not get the whole len sections in many cases,
lic Lands, reported a bill (H. R. No. 710) rela- nication from Lake Michigan to the Superior as they have been taken up by settlers. They are
ting to certain grants of lands made to the State | country and to the vast amount of Government of Michigan in the year 1865.
lands which lie around that great inland sea. The limited to within twenty miles of the road. Mr. HUBBARD, of lowa. Does this not re
Mr. KELLOGG, of Michigan. I call for the amount of lands granted by this bill is comparalate exclusively to Minnesota roads? reading of the bill.
tively small. I think that every gentleman who
The bill was read in extenso. Mr. MILLER, of New York. It does.
investigates the subject will readily acknowledge Mr. WINDOM. I wish to say a single word
Mr. ALLISON. I desire to say a single word that the enhanced value of the Government lands upon this subject, and principally in reply to the
in reference to the purposes of this bill. They lying around the lake in consequence of this grant suggestion of the genileman from Ohio, (Mr.
are, first, to extend the time for their completion will be of immensely more importance to the pub, SPALDING.) Originally six sections per mile were
five years, and also to adjust the conflict existing | lic Treasury than the value of the lands granted granted to these roads. The paper grant is very
between the roads, beginning at Marquette, in by the bill under consideration. I therefore hope large; but owing to settlements the amount of land
the State of Michigan, by the land-grant act of that it will receive the favorable consideration of actually received is very small. On one rond run
1856. Three of these roads had their beginning | those who desire to enhance the value of the pubning from Winona westward they run one hun
at Marquette. By this bill boundaries are fixed lic domain in the North west and open direct comdred and fifty miles before they received one hun
as to the extent of the grant to each road, with munication with that vast territory. dred and thirty thousand acres of land; whereas
reference to the others, so that in the future there Mr. ALLISON. Unless some gentleman dethe paper grant was six sections to the mile. I can be no conflict in addition to the provisions | sires some further explanation, I will move the
previous question. ask to have read a memorial from the Legislature | adjusting these differences. There is granted to of Minnesota. It is short.
the State of Michigan four additional sections Mr. SPALDING. I should be indisposed to Mr. SPALDING. This bill embraces one half || per mile in alternate sections. The Committee vote against this bill if I supposed that it was of all the land we have in that section.
were of opinion that this additional grant would really intended for the good of the country through Mr. MILLER, of New York. I will say to
enable these roads to progress with their roads, which the proposed railroads are to run; but I do the gentleman from Ohio that many of these roads
and thus develop the region through which they | happen, from certain circumstances, to conclude will not get as much land with this additional
pass. The effect of this proposition is to makē that this extra donation of four sections of land grant as they would have got if they could have two land grants instead of four.
to the mile, through the whole peninsula of Michreceived the whole original grant of six sections
Mr. SPALDING. I wish to know how many | igan, is intended io help certain stock speculators to the mile. railroads this bill includes.
rather than the people of the conntry through Mr. WINDOM. I ask that the memorial be
Mr. ALLISON. It includes only two roads. which the roads run. The gentleman from lowa now read,
There were originally three roads, all beginning cannot even tell us the amount of this enormour The memorial was read, as follows:
at the city of Marquette and extending, one to grant.
Bay de Noquette; another to Ontonagon; another Mr. ALLISON. I will state to the gentleman To the Congress of the United States :
to the mouth of the Menomonee river, at the State that the Marquette and Ontonagon railroad exThe Legislature of the State of Minnesota would respectfully incasorialize your honorable body to grant to this
line dividing Wisconsin and Michigan; in addi- tends one hundred and thirty miles, and twenty State additional lands to aid in the completion of the sey- tion to these, there is a grant to what is called the miles of the road are already built. eral lines of railroads and branches provided for by the act Peninsular railroad, extending along the shore of Mr. HIGBY. I hope the gentleman from lowa of Congress approved March 3, 1857, and by the joint reso- Green bay in the Slate of Wisconsin, and thence will not yield any more. There are other reports Jution approved July 12, 1862, so as to make the quantity of land equal in all to two hundred sections for eachi twenty through Michigan to Lake Superior.
to be made from ihe Committee on Public Lands. miles therein named, for the reasons following:
Mr. SPALDING. I wish to know if it affects The SPEAKER. The committee have two First. That although a large amount of work has been in any way more than two roads.
minutes and a half of their time left. done, and iron rails and other inaterials procured for the Mr. ALLISON. Only two roads at this time. | Mr. ALLISON. I demand the previous quesconstruction.of said roads and branches, and two of them have been put into actual operation for torty and fifty miles
There were originally four roads; now really con- tion. respectively, their extension or the further prosecution of
solidated into iwo, although nominally there are Mr. BROWN, of Wisconsin. I call for the yeas work upon them has become impossible on account of the three roads, still affected by the bill.
and nays on seconding the previous question. greatly enbanced prices of iron, and locomotives, and labor, and, in fact, of all the materials necessary for the construc
Mr. SPALDING. Through what States do The SPEAKER. Under the rules of the House tion and coinpletion of railroads. these roads run?
the yeas and nays cannot be had upon seconding Second. That similar increased grants have been made Mr. ALLISON. The North western road, ei. || the previous question.
Mr. BROWN, of Wisconsin. Then I call for The CHAIRMAN. The Chair will state to difficult to detect the manufactured article from tellers.
the gentleman from Massachusetts that the words the superior species of smoking tobacco. Tellers were not ordered.
as such" have been inserted after the word Mr. MORRILL, I know that some tobacThe previous question was seconded, and the "taxed.” His amendment will come in after conists are in the habit of coloring these stems main question ordered. the words "as such."
and grinding them; but I believe it is not difficult The bill was ordered to be engrossed and read Mr. BOUTWELL. Very well. I wish to for any expert to detect the difference between the a third time.
call the attention of the committee to this fact. two articles. Mr. HOLMAN. I demand the reading of the As the law now stands a manufacturer of cloth
MESSAGE FROM THE PRESIDENT. engrossed bill. ing who makes for a gentleman a nice coat pays
The committee at this point rose informally; The SPEAKER. The morning hour has ex. to the Government a duty of three per cent., while pired. a manufacturer of ready-made clothing, such as
and the Speaker having resumed the chair, sevMr. MORRILL. I move that the rules be sus. pea-jackets and overalls for laboring men, pays a
eral messages in writing were received from the
President of the United States, by Mr. Nicolay, pended, and that the House resolve itself into the tax of five per cent., which is manifestly unjust.
his Private Secretary.
clothing of all sorts, allowing those persons who The Committee of the Whole on the state of
make custom work exclusively, and whose an- the Union resumed its session. The SPEAKER, by unanimous consent, laid nual product does not exceed $1,000, to be ex- Mr. KASSON. As my colleague on the combefore the House a communication from the Sec
empled altogether. These are the two effects of miltee slales that he believes there will be no difretary of the Interior, transmitting the report of the amendment which I propose.
ficulty in the discrimination, I will modify my the commissioner appointed under the act of Con- Mr. Boutwell's amendment was adopted. amendment so that the first paragraph will read, gress of July 2, 1864; which was referred to the
" on smoking tobacco of all kinds not otherwise Commitlee of Ways and Means, and ordered to
MESSAGE FROM THE SENATE.
herein provided for, thirty-five cents per pound," be printed.
The committee rose in formally; and the Speaker and by striking out in the second paragraph all TERRITORY OF WYOMING.
having resumed the chair, a message from the from ihe word “stem” in line five hundred and Mr. ASHLEY. I ask the unanimous consent | Senate, by Mr. COBB, one of its clerks, announced
thirty-four to the word “otherwise" in line five of the House to report from the Committee on
that the Senate had passed an act (S. No. 392) hundred and thirty-nine. Territories a bill to establish a temporary govern- supplementary to an act approved July 14, 1862, Mr. MALLORY. I cannot understand the ment for the Territory of Wyoming, for the pur
entitled “An act to establish certain post roads," propriety of the gentleman's amendment. pose of having it printed.
in which he was directed to ask the concurrence Mr.KASSON. The gentleman will permit me Mr. SPALDING. I object. of the House.
to state that the object of the entire amendment is Mr. HOLMAN. Will the gentleman from
to enable the assessors to have a correct report Vermont yield to me for a moment to enable me The committee resumed its session.
in reference to smoking tobacco, and to prevent the to report a bill?
Mr. KASSON. I move to amend, on line five templation to false swearing which would result Mr. BALDWIN, of Massachusetts. I must | hundred and thirty-two, by striking out the words
from an unnecessary discrimination in the quality object to any further yielding of the floor.
except as hereinafter otherwise provided for"
of the smoking tobacco. To accomplish this purTAX BILL. and inserting in lieu thereof the words “of all
pose, I proposed in the first instance to make the
rate uniform on all kinds of smoking tobacco. The question was taken on Mr. MORRILL's mo- | kinds,” and by striking out the following:
But since my colleague from Vermont has stated tion, and it was agreed to.
On smoking tobacco made exclusively of stems, and not mixed with leaf or leaf and stems, and on fine-cut, and
that there is no difficulty in detecting smoking So the rules were suspended; and the House shorts, and scraps of tobacco, lhe refuse of cigars manufac- tobacco made exclusively of stems, I think that accordingly resolved itself into the Committee of cured, and also on all scraps or refuse of plug manufac- this kind ought to be subject to a lower rate of the Whole on the state of the Union, (Mr. POME- tured, when sold for smoking tobacco, or for consumption, taxation, in order that the manufacture may be ROY in the chair, and resumed the consideration or otherwise, twenty cents per pouvd.
continued, and I have modified my amendment so of the special order, being bill of the House No. So that it will read:
as to make the second paragraph read: "on smo744, to amend an act entitled "An act to provide On smoking tobacco of all kinds, thirty-five cents per king tobacco made exclusively of stems, twenty internal revenue to support the Government, to pound.
cents per pound." pay interest on the public debt, and for other I will state the object of my amendment, 80 Mr. MÁLLORY. If that is the amendment purposes," approved June 30, 1864.
that it may be fully understood. The Committee proposed, I submit that it is no amendment at all. The CHAIRMAN stated the question to be of Ways and Means has endeavored, throughout | lt is provided in lines five hundred and thirty-two upon the amendment proposed yesterday by Mr. this revision of duty on tobacco and its manufac- and five hundred and thirty-three: "on smoking A. W. Clark, on page 20, lines four hundred tures, to evade the great templation to fraud and tobacco, except as hereinafter otherwise provided and sixty-one and four hundred and sixty-two, || false swearing resulting from the numerous and || for, thirty-five cents per pound.” Now it is proto strike out "exclusive of the boiler in case a unnecessary discriminations of quality to which posed to strike out the words“ except as hereinduty has been paid thereon,"and to insert in lieu different grades of tax are affixed. The second after otherwise provided for.” Then the tax on thereof “and steam boilers," so that the clause paragraph, which I propose to strike out, makes stem tobacco in the next paragraph is left precisely will read:
a new kind of smoking tobacco, to be taxed at as it stands now-weniy cents per pound. By inserting after the words “ steam engines" the words a less rate, and in my judgment it will be found Mr. KASSON. This amendment confines the " and steam boilers."
to embrace all the smoking tobacco manufactured | lower rate exclusively to the stem tobacco. The Mr. MORRILL. I move to amend the amend- when the returns come to be made to the asses- other did not. I preferred a uniform rate, but ment by striking out lines four hundred and sixty, sors. The object of my amendment is, therefore, | yielded to the opinion of my colleague. four hundred and sixty-one, and four hundred to impose, in the case of tobacco as in the case Mr. MALLORY. Then I submit my objecand sixty-two, as follows:
of cigars, a uniform rate of taxation, moderate tion becomes stronger. For what will become By inserting after the words “ steam engines" the words but certain in amount, so that there shall be no of these scraps and other refuse materials? Does “exclusive or the boiler in case a duty has been paid temptation to fraud or false swearing except sim- the gentleman propose that these shall be thrown thereon!
ply as to the amount of the tobacco produced. || away? They cannot be manufactured, if the toAnd inserting in lieu thereof the following: For that purpose the two paragraphs are confined bacco made from them is to be taxed thirty-five
On steam locomotives and marine engines, including in one, so as to read "on smoking tobacco of all cents per pound. Does the gentleman propose
such a rate of laxation ?
Mr. MORRILL. Mr. Chairman, if the gen- Mr.KASSON. I think that the price of tobacco thereon, the amount so paid shall be deducted from the fin- tleman from lowa had proposed merely to strike to the consumer should be determined alone by Ished engine.
out all of the description in the second paragraph the grade of the tobacco, and that the tax should On bollers of all kinds, water tanks, sugar tauks, oil stille,
in reference to smoking tobacco except that made be as far as possible uniform. The consumer pays sewing machines, lathes, tools, planes, planing machines, Bhatting and gearing, a duty of five per cent. ad valorem.
exclusively from stems, I do not know that I high in proportion to the purity of the tobacco, Mr. KASSON. Mr. Chairman, I offer the fol.
would have objected. But I do believe that it is and low in proportion to its adulteration. By lowing as an amendment to the substitute of the
important that we allow this sort of tobacco- | making the rate uniform you obviate the tempta,
made of stems only-to go into consumption at gentleman from Vermont:
tion to put in a little of the inferior article, and a less rate than other sorts; otherwise it will be then swear that the tobacco is adulterated to the Add the following: On iron railing, gates, fences, furniture, and statuary, a
wasted. Before we levied so high a lax on to- lower grade. duty of five per cent. ad valorem.
bacco, the stems were not used, or were used only Mr. MALLORY. Let me state what I think The amendment was adopted.
as a manure for the ground on which tobacco is will be the effect of the amendment.
raised. The question recurred on the substitute, as
But since the advance in price, stems are If it is proposed to tax tobacco to such an examended, and it was adopted. not only used here at home, but are shipped tent as to raise from it a large revenue,
I do not The question recurred on Mr. A. W. CLARK's
abroad.' This amendment, if adopted, will com- know that I have any right to object. We now amendment, as amended, and it was adopted. pel the parties having any quantity of stems to tax cigars very high. Cigars are smoked by the
if Mr. BOUTWELL. I move to amend by in- ship them and not use them at home. I think there wealthy classes; and perhaps,
any description serting after line five hundred and six, as follows:
can be no difficulty about detecting frauds where of smoking tobacco is to be taxed higli, it should
the smoking tobacco is made exclusively of stems. be cigars. But the other article, smoking tobacco, And by striking out in the same paragraph all after the words "does not exceed the sum of,” and inserting the If the gentleman will modify his amendment by in the common acceptation of the term,
as underwords “$1,000 per annum shall be exempt from duty." striking out of the second paragraph all but that, stood in the market, is used by the great mass of So that it will read: I will not object to it.
the people of the country; by those who do not By inserting in the paragraph relating to “ready-made
Mr. KASSON. I ask the gentleman from Ver- smoke cigars, not being able to indulge in that clothing," after the word • dress," the words "noi other
mont whether there is not a mode of manufactur. | luxury. And I submit that the lowest rate of wise assessed and taxed as such ;” and by suiking out, &c. || ing the stems into smoking tobacco so as make it tax we can impose upon this article the better it
will be for the interest in the country and for the an amendment, in which the concurrence of the in the very beginning, you propose to take from revenue of the Government. If you tax it so House was requested.
the downírodden African almost the only pleashigh, you will stop the practice of smoking which
ure and solace left since you have made him a now prevails so extensively in the country, and
freedman. which uses up this sort of tobacco. If you tax
The committee resumed its session.
Mr. STEVENS. Our object is to correct his it so high, men who use no cigars and who use Mr. INGERSOLL. Is it in order to offer an
taste and elevate him, so thai he may equal his this, will stop using it, and the result will be amendment to the amendment of the gentleman
master in-smoking tobacco. (Laughter.] that the Government will derive no revenue from from Kentucky?
Mr. MALLORY". That remark proves that the it. I think that it is better for the producer, bet
The CHAIRMAN. The Chair is of opinion
gentleman from Pennsylvania desires to make the ter for the manufacturer, and better for the Treas- that the question should first be taken upon the freedmen superio to ihe common laboring men ury of the United States, to impose upon every
motion of the gentleman from lowa (Mr. Kasson] of the country who have to confine themselves lo description of smoking tobacco made from stems, to strike out.
the use of common tobacco. They must be inscraps, &c., the lowest rate of taxation. By re- The question being put, and no quorum voting, vested at once with the pecuniary power of pur. ducing the tax from twenty cents to ten cents, 1
Mr. MALLORY demanded tellers.
chasing and using the very finest description of think that we will procure more revenue, and I
Tellers were ordered; and Messrs. Kasson and tobacco sold at the highest price. believe that the consumption of the article would Mallory were appointed.
Mr. INGERSOLL. One word more. As the be ten times as great as it is now.
Mr. MALLORY. I withdraw my call for a
gentleman has put a finish upon my picture, I deNow, one other remark before I sit down. division, as I see a majority are in favor of the
sire to improve the color of his. The CHAIRMAN. The gentleman's time has amendment.
Mr. MALLORY. Mine was colored suffexpired.
The amendment was agreed to.
ciently. Mr. KASSON. I want to call the gentleman's Mr. MALLORY. I withdraw my amend. Mr INGERSOLL. I want to tone it down by attention to the fact that the great discrimination ment.
suggesting that there are five hundred thousand between cigars and smoking tobacco is cutting us Mr. INGERSOLL. I move to amend by strik- of our soldiers around their camp-fires who conoff from revenue.
ing out" fifteen" and inserting." five,” so that it stantly use tobacco, and I would not compel them The CHAIRMAN. Debate upon the amend- will read “five cents a pound." This is the low- to pay ten cenis a pound. ment has been exhausted, and the gentleman is est grade of tobacco manufactured; in fact, it is Mr. STEVENS. Let me suggest to the gen. not in order.
so low that it has no grade. It seems to me that tleman that a tax of ten cents a pound, considerMr. MALLORY. I move to strike out the twenty cents a pound is too large a tax to put | ing the time a pound of tobacco will last, will not last line of the amendment.
upon this quality of tobacco. Those who use be a mill a day to the person who smokes it. Mr. Chairman, the difficulty suggested by the this quality are a class of people who are not able The question was taken on the amendment to gentleman from Vermont (Mr. Morrill) is the to buy the better qualities, owing to the high the amendment proposed by Mr. Stevens, and it discrimination between tobacco made from stems price of the better grades. It is the poor man was disagreed to. and tobacco made from fine leaf. I submit that who buys this grade, and he does this from ne. Mr. MORRILL. I move to amend the amend. the discrimination is very easy to be made. ! cessity; he prefers the best, but cannot afford to ment by inserting "twenty-five cents” in place of doubt whether there is an inspector in the United buy ii. Smoking is to the poor man a luxury of “ five cents." I offer the amendment pro forma, for Slates who will hesitate in reference to the char- which I do not desire to see him deprived; and I I desire to have the clause remain as it is. This acter of tobacco as to what is made from stems can imagine for him no greater luxury, which subject was very fully considered by the Comand scraps and what is made from leaf. Tobacco costs so little, than, after a day of toil at a dollar mittee of Wuys and Means. All the experts who made from scraps and tobacco made from leaf can and a half or two dollars a day, he comes home, were before the committee were persuaded that easily be discriminated. One is of such inferior and, after the evening repast is over, he smokes an infinite amount of fraud would arise under this quality that it can be distinguished at once. In bis pipe by his cheerful fireside, with his wife section unless the tax was very considerable, and my judgnient there is no difficulty in making a || and little ones around him. While you may be it was under the idea that it would prevent frauds discrimination under this bill. I hope that the realizing all the anticipations of youth, this poor and that the article would bear this amount of lax distinction will be reserved; and I hope taat the man, with the wreathes of smoke ascending and that the twenty cents was inserted. This is but tax will be reduced from twenty cents lo ten cents circling above him, only hopes to see happier about half the amount that we impose upon reguper pound.
and brighter days; but those hopes turn to ashes larly manufactured smoking tobacco. The price Mr. MORRILL. Mr. Chairman, I would be in the bowl, and this vision of happier and brighter of the article, in the first instance, is very much content to have the bill remain as it is, without || days vanishes with the smoke. Thope this qual- || below that of good tobacco, and we impose only amendment, but believing there was something lity of tobacco will not be taxed more than five a little more than half the tax. I submit, therein the amendment of the gentleman from lowu; cents per pound. I would rather see it free, so fore, that we have given sufficient consideration, that is to obtain a uniform system, and ns far as that the poor man can enjoy this one comfort not only to our soldiers, but to the colored friends possible to put it out of the power of the mapu- without feeling the burden of taxation. Let us of the gentleman from Kentucky, (Mr. Malfacturer to practice fraud or evasion, I was will- not take away from the poor man this luxury, Lory,] about whom he manifests such great soing for one to accept bis proposition with the when at best he is permitted to enjoy so few. licitude. I hope that we shall allow the amount modification suggested by myself. I do believe
Mr. STEVENS. I move to amend the amend- of the tax to remain as it is in the bill. that so far as it is made of scraps and refuse of ment by striking out “five" and inserting" ten. Mr. CHANLER. Mr. Chairman, I rise to cigars, and scraps and refuse of plug tobacco, I think that any body that wishes to smoke can oppose the amendment for the simple reason that there may be a door open for considerable fraud. || afford to pay a ten-cent tax a pound. I under- a cheap luxury in crowded communities is an Al the same time I will say to the gentleman from stand it is a very delicious luxury, and I know, absolute necessity. It is impossible that the laKentucky that this kind of tobacco is much su- from what I have heard about this House, that boring classes in our crowded cities can do withperior and worth more per pound than stems. everybody is anxious to be taxed, and that there out the ordinary stimulants which make life lol. It is good tobacco, but not in good shape. I think is very great complaint that we do not tax enough. erable under the excessive burdens of taxation that ihe proposition of the gentleman from lowa If, therefore, the gentleman will say ten cenis, which we impose upon them. The laboring is a safe and practicable one.
that will include stems, and then the old women classes in our cities find it almost impossible now Mr. MALLORY, by unanimous consent, with- of the country, making their pipes out of corn- to furnish fuel and clothing for themselves and drew his amendment.
cobs, can use it by paying only ten cents. This families, and they need as much as any of us the Mr. INGERSOLL. I move to strike out is a great reduction from what we proposed, and I solace of a stimulant. By this excessive taxa“twenty" and insert "len.
am almost afraid the committee will be reproached tion you will drive them to the use of an injuThe CHAIRMAN. That is not now in order. if we refuse to impose a proper tax.
rious, and, it may be, fatal system of stimulants, Mr. MALLORY. I hope that the gentleman Mr. MALLORY. I hope the gentleman from and by which our revenue will be lessened. from Illinois will move to reduce the tax from Pennsylvania will not insist upon his amendment, It is a well-known fact that the records of the twenty cents to ten cents per pound.
but accept the amendment of the gentleman from efforts for temperance in the cities show that with Thé CHAIRMAN. Thai paragraph is not Illinois.' This description of tobacco is compar- the exclusion of spirituous liquors they introduced now before the committee.
atively worthless; it is very little better than that the excessive use of opium, and men and women Mr. Kasson's amendment was agreed to.
which is made of the stalks after the tobacco leaf who are forced to work many more hours a day Mr. KASSAN. I move to strike out the words, is stripped off; and that, I suggest to the gentle than laboring men in the country districts, are "and not mixed with leaf or leaf and stems, and man, is left entirely untaxed by this bill; and if | forced, as the books of the apothecaries in the on fine-cut, and shorts, and scraps of tobacco, the he is determined to hunt up tobacco of every form populous sections of New York city show, to refuse of cigars manufactured, and also on all to impose a tax on, he should tax the stalk. Yes, take for a stimulant a liquor made up principaliy scraps or refuse of plug manufactured, when sold and walking-canes are made of the stalks, and he of opium. If you lay an excessive tax upon for smoking tobacco, or for consumption, or other- should tax chem.
this cheap article of tobacco, the result may be wise;"so that the paragraph will read: "Onsmok- I think, however, that this stem tobacco should that the poorer classes will be forced into the ing tobacco made exclusively of stems, twenty be left with a lax of only five cents at highest. adoption of a vice which has become national in cents per pound.”
I do not believe it will now, if untaxed, sell for some countries, and the use of opium may be Mr. MALLORY. I move to amend the original that much in the market. This is the only the fate of the laborers of this country. With text by inserting “ fifteen" instead of " cwenty.' anomaly in the bill of an article being laxed more regard to the fraud on the revenue just alluded 10,
than it is worth. Gentlemen have set free a very MESSAGE FROM THE SENATE.
I have only to say you have already forced those large class of people in our country-1 will not who sell cigars to cheat you by pulling false The committee informally rose; and the House call them niggers, for fear of offending some- stamps upon their boxes of cigars and selling received a message from the Senate, by Mr. Cobb, || body-but a large class of people whose almost them at an increased price, while at the same time one of their clerks, announcing that the Senate entire solace I suggest to the gentleman from the Government loses its revenue. I appeal, had passed a joint resolution (H. R. No. 141) | Illinois, (Mr. Ingersoll,) in order to finish his therefore, to the Committee of Ways and Means reducing the duty on printing paper, unsazed, and picture of the smoking wreath-is derived from not to take this further step in the same direction used for books and newspapers exclusively, with smoking this lowest grade of tobacco; and now, Il by over-taxing this cheap and popular luxury.